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中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)

中考英语英语阅读理解(附答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

Sitting among the cheering fans of the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team in Rio de Janeiro, a Polish fan caught a lot of attention. It is not because he is not Chinese, but because he has followed the team closely from the very beginning

The 60-year-old Jozef fell in love with the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team at the first sight when he watched the girls at the London Olympics on TV in 2012. The Polish man was crazy about the performances of the young team, especially by its core player Hui Ruoqi. Before that Jozef was a loyal fan of his home team﹣ the Polish men's volleyball.

Since then, Jozef has become crazy about the team and has kept track of almost all their international competitions. Back in the 2013 Montreux Volley Masters of Switzerland, the Polishman, for the first time, came to cheer up for the team on site. He also drove all the way from Polandto Italy to lend support for the girls during the 2014 Women's World Volleyball Championship.

The hardcore fan traveled hundreds of miles from Poland to Brazil, and booked tickets for allmatches of the Chinese Women's Volleyball. This time, Jozef was interviewed by TV and has been recognized by not just fans, but millions of Chinese TV audience.

The" Polish grandpa" was a nickname given by Chinese volleyball fans. He has 18,000 followers on Sina Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, where Jozef has been sharing his obsession with Chinese internet users since 2013.

(1)Why did Jozef get much attention?

A. He was interviewed by Chinese TV.

B. He is a famous and loyal Polish fan.

C. He has supported the Chinese team from the start.

D. He was sitting among the fans of the Chinese team.

(2)When did Jozef first become interested in the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team?

A. In 2012.

B. In 2013.

C. In 2014.

D. In 2015.

(3)How did Jozef come to Italy to support the Chinese Woomen's Volleyball Team?

A. By car

B. By bus

C. By bike

D. By plane

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. Jozef has already had millions of fans in Poland.

B. Jozef has been a fan of his home team since 2012.

C. Jozef first cheered up for the Chinese team on site in 2014.

D. Jozef has followed most of the international matches of the Chinese team.

(5)What has Jozef been doing on Sina Weibo?

A. Giving support to the Polish team

B. Sharing his love for the Chinese team

C. Answering questions about playing volleyball

D. Booking tickets for matches of the Chinese team

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)A

(4)D

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了中国女排的铁杆球迷“波兰爷爷”。他从一开始就密切关注球队现年60岁的乔泽夫在2012年伦敦奥运会的电视上看到这些女孩时,第一眼就爱上了中国女排。波兰人对青年队的表现非常着迷,尤其是对其核心球员惠若奇的表现。在2014年世界女子排球锦标赛上,他还从意大利的波兰多驱车前往支持这些女孩。这位铁杆球迷从波兰到巴西旅行了数百英里,并预订了中国女排所有比赛的门票。不仅得到了电视迷的认可,也得到了数以百万计的中国电视观众的认可。他在新浪微博上有18000名粉丝,这是中国对Twitter的回应。

(1)细节理解题。根据 It is not because he is not Chinese, but because he has followed the team closely from the very beginning这不是因为他不是中国人,而是因为他从一开始就密切关注球队。可只是因为他从一开始就支持中国队,故答案选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据The 60-year-old Jozef fell in love with the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team at the first sight when he watched the girls at the London Olympics on TV in 2012. 现年60岁的乔泽夫在2012年伦敦奥运会的电视上看到这些女孩时,第一眼就爱上了中国女排。可知是从2012年开始,故答案选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据He also drove all the way from Polandto Italy to lend support for the girls during the 2014 Women's World Volleyball Championship在2014年世界女子排球锦标赛上,他还从意大利的波兰多驱车前往支持这些女孩,可知是开车。故答案选A。

(4)细节理解题。根据and booked tickets for all matches of the Chinese Women's Volleyball. 并预定了中国女排所有比赛的门票。可知乔泽夫跟踪了中国队的大部分国际比赛,故答案选D。

(5)细节理解题。根据He has 18, 000 followers on Sina Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, where Jozef has been sharing his obsession with Chinese internet users since 2013. 他在新浪微博上有18000名粉丝,这是中国对Twitter的回应, 自2013年以来,Jozef一直在与中国网民分享他对Twitter的痴迷。可知他在微博上分享他对中国队的爱,故答案选B。【点评】考查阅读理解题,本文涉及到了细节理解题,细节理解体比较简单,可知直接从文章中找到答案。

2.阅读理解

Happiness is for everyone. You don't need to care about those people who have beautiful houses with large gardens and swimming pools or those who have nice cars and a lot of money and so on. Those who have big houses may often feel lonely and those who have cars may want to walk on the country roads at their free time.

In fact happiness is always around you if you put your heart into it. When you are in trouble at school, your friends will help you. When you study hard at your lessons, your parents are always taking good care of your life and your health. When you get success, your friends will say

congratulations to you. When you do something wrong, people around you will help you to correct it. And when you do something good to others, you will feel happy too. All these are your happiness. If you notice them you can see that happiness is always around you.

Happiness is not the same as money. It is a feeling of your heart. When you are poor, you can also say you are very happy because you have something else that can't be bought with money. When you meet with difficulties, you can say loudly you are very happy because you have more chances to challenge yourselves. So you cannot always say you are poor and you have bad luck. If you take every chance you get, you will be a happy and lucky person.

(1)Happiness is for .

A. all people

B. those who have a lot money

C. those who have large and beautiful houses

D. those who have cars

(2)When you do something wrong, .

A. you have no chance to challenge you

B. people around you will help you

C. your classmates will laugh at you

D. you will be happy

(3)"Happiness is not the same as money" means .

A. money doesn't always bring happiness

B. money always brings happiness

C. everything can always bring happiness

D. only rich people have happiness

(4)Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Life and Success

B. Happiness and Luck

C. Do Something Good to Others

D. Happiness

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章主要论述了快乐无处不在,只要你抓住你的每一次机会,你就会快乐。

(1)细节理解题,根据Happiness is for everyone.可知,快乐是每一个人的,也就是所有人的,故答案是A。

(2)细节理解题,根据When you do something wrong, people around you will help you to correct it.可知,当你做错了事,你身边的人不帮助你改正。故答案是B。

(3)句意猜测题,一般而言,金钱可以买到一切物质性的东西,但是快乐是内心的一种感受,是不能够用金钱买到的,因此说金钱并不能够总是买到一切。故答案是A。

(4)标题判断题,从文章的第一句Happiness is for everyone.到文章的最后一句you will be a happy and lucky person.都是围绕着快乐展开论述的,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本题主要涉及到了细节理解题、句意猜测题和标题判断题,细节理解题一般可以直接从文中找到答案,句意猜测则需要根据其字面意思或者该句的前后句进行合理的想象和推理,而标题判断题则需要在从分理解文章的基础上,提炼中心,凝练句式。

3.阅读理解

Children love to play and laugh throughout their days at school or at home. Finding the time to laugh with your children may be the best thing you can do for the relationship. Encourage your children to develop a good humor by laughing at the jokes they make up on the spot. This will help them grow confident and build their self-esteem. If you do not get the joke, you can ask why they think the joke is funny.

Honest feedback will help your children develop funnier jokes. You can take them to your local library and have them pick up a few joke books. Then you can head back home or out to the park and read it together for a good laugh. You can take turns reading jokes to each other from the book or make up a few yourselves. But if they make a joke at the expense of another person, you may want to discuss the difference between making fun of yourself and making fun of others. In turn , try not to make jokes at your children’s expense, you need to set an example that they can follow.

Learning to laugh at oneself is a great quality to attain. You can set an example by laughing at your own mistakes. This is a great way to help reduce your own stress as well as your children’s. Laughing may make the situation seem lighter and easier to work through. By doing this, your children will be better prepared to handle any difficulties.

Most importantly, laughing will bring you closer together as a family. You can have your family find different ways to laugh. You can play games. You can start a staring contest, arm wrestling contest, thumb wars contest and have a prize for the winners. You can all watch your best funny movies and act out the best parts together after the movies are over. You could hold a contest to see who can make the other members of the family laugh more by doing something funny. Kids will be able to enjoy the good time they had with their parents. The family that laughs together stays together!

(1)If you often play and laugh with your children, you can ________.

A. develop a good humor

B. become proud and confident

C. make up some funny jokes

D. get along well with each other

(2)The underlined word “them” refers to ________.

A. funny jokes

B. interesting books

C. your children

D. the family

(3)We can infer that when your children make mistakes you should ________.

A. teach them to laugh at the mistakes

B. blame them seriously

C. punish them at once

D. tell them to do better in future

(4)The author advises in Para.4 that people make their family members laugh by ________.

A. having a party

B. having some kinds of contests

C. doing some housework

D. reading joke books

(5)What can be the best title for the text?

A. The More You laugh, the Better You’ll Be

B. Laughing Every Day Is Simple

C. How to Laugh in Everyday Life

D. Laughter Is Good for Your Family

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】reading joke books

doing some housework

doing some housework

【分析】文章从几个方面讲述了经常大笑对孩子的成长对家庭关系有极大的好处。

(1)第一段laugh with your children may be the best thing you can do for the relationship。陪孩子笑是你所能做的最好的事情去建立和孩子的友好关系,有利于相处。故选D

(2)前一句 help your children 所以 them指代children 意为带孩子去图书馆。故选C

(3)help them grow confident帮助孩子们建立信心。B为责备孩子C为催促孩子D为让孩子以后做的更好。这三项都不能达到帮孩子树立信心的效果,故选A

(4)文中提到you could hold a contest.....having a party.doing some housework,reading joke books其余三项未提到,故选B

(5)本文通篇在讲经常大笑对孩子,对家庭的好处,并提出建议和方法,A你笑的越多,变得更好,B,每天都大笑很简单,C怎样每天都笑。这三项不符合文章内容,故选D

【点评】考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.阅读理解

Two friends and I moved into a house off campus when I was a junior at Iowa State University. We were all a bit afraid of our landlord, a rude middle aged man who was "all business" when we signed the lease.

He gave us a lecture about paying the rent on time and maintaining the house and appliances. We weren't really supposed to, but during the fall semester, my housemates and I threw a party. We sent invitations to many friends and told everyone that we knew to come to our house on Friday night. We drew a large crowd and everyone had a great time. The last guests left in the wee hours of the morning.

Exhausted, we decided to sleep in and clean the house and yard the next morning. Well, you guessed it!

We were awakened about 7:00 a.m. by our landlord, who was knocking on the door. Sheepishly, we let him in, expecting to incur his wrath. Instead, he picked up a party invitation that had been laying on the sidewalk and asked, "Why didn't you girls invite me?"

He came into the house, made a minor repair, and spent a few minutes helping us pick up trash from the yard. We weren't quite sure what to make of our unexpected luck.

I figured that he viewed my housemates and I as irresponsible after the party incident and this would prove him right. But I was wrong. He said, "I have a daughter about your age, and the same thing happened to her once. He also taught me an important lesson about not judging a

book by its cover.

(1)Why did the writer feel a little afraid of her landlord?

A. The landlord said nothing to us.

B. He was a rude middle aged man who was "all business" when they signed the lease.

C. He didn't play a joke on us.

D. He was always angry with us .

(2)Whic h of the following words can take the place of the underlined word “incur his wrath”?

A. get stressed out.

B. get angry .

C. be scolded.

D. be praised.(3)What did the landlord do after enering the house?

A. He asked us why we didn't invite her .

B. He blamed us because we didn't clean the house and yard.

C. He didn't say anything.

D. He thought we were irresponsible.

(4)What do you think of the landlord?

A. He is really serious and unkind.

B. He is so rude and politeless .

C. He is so kind and understanding.

D. He is really strict and cruel.

(5)What did the writer want to tell us?

A. Never judge from appearances

B. A friend without faults will never be found.

C. Accidents will happen.

D. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)C

(5)A

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了作者在大三时和朋友在校外租房住,遇到了一个看起来粗鲁的中年男房东,有点害怕他。因为和朋友们一起办了一个聚会,意外认识到这位房东其实是一个非常友善的的人。

(1)细节理解题。有文章第一段“We were all a bit afraid of our landlord, a rude middle aged man who was "all business"when we signed the lease”,可知作者有点怕房东,是应为他看起来粗鲁而且签租约的时候很“商人”,故选B。

(2)词义推测题。结合前文可知,作者和她的朋友有点怕这个粗鲁的房东,而她们因为聚会把屋子和院子弄得一团糟,肯定会受到这个房东的责备,C.“be scolded”表受到责备,符合题意;A.“get stressed out”感到焦虑,和“ecpecting to”搭配意思不符;B.“get angry”发怒,本句主语不是房东,不符:D."be prised"被表扬,语意不符,故选C。

(3)细节理解结题。由文章第四段“ Instead, he picked up a party invitation that had been laying on the sidewalk and asked, "Why didn't you girls invite me?"可知房东进来后并没有责备她们,反而问她们:为什么不邀请他。故选A。

(4)综和理解题。由文章大意知,这位房东并不是像作者看起来的那样粗鲁严厉,而是很友善。排除法可知C对。故选C。

(5)主旨大意题。由文章最后一段“He also taught me an important lesson about not judging a book by its cover”可知房东让她们学到重要的一课:不能以貌取人,“Never judge from appearances”,A正确;B.“A friend wi thout faults will never be found. ”无缺点的朋友难觅”;

C."Accidents will happen.‘’总会有意外发生;

D.“A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit”吃一堑,长一智。故选A。

【点评】本题考查对文章的主题感情把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意题中的关键词,在文中寻找答案,再比对选项确定最佳答案。

5.根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

Even in early time, people could realize the importance of dreams and knew that dreams gave meaning to life. Every great achievement has been the result of years of dreaming. If a person has a dream and holds fat to it, he or she will find a way to bring it into reality(现实).

Children do not have much experience or knowledge. However, they are natural dreamers. We should not laugh at them for being naive. Many great men were dreamers when they were children. One such dreamer was Thomas Edison He used to be ostracized(排斥)when he was in primary school, but his achievements were greater than everyone else's in his time.

Teenagers and young people should also be encouraged to dream. The world is full of successful teenagers and young people. They dreamt big and their dreams changed their lives and even the world. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the good examples. They have developed technology and brought great progress to human besides making money for themselves Older people should believe that it is never too late to dream and that human mind is never too old to make dreams tum into reality. Colonel Saunders realized his dreams at the age of 67 and set up the biggest fried chicken company (KFC) in the world. To dream is a wonderful ability which can lead to wonderful results. Olympic records were broken by players who were brave enough to dream. No one is too young or too old to dream and to make dreams come true.

(1)People who ___________ could probably realize their dreams,

A. find a way to dream

B. dream and hold fast to them

C. get the meaning of life

D. have very good school results

(2)Young people should be encouraged to dream because __________.

A. their dreams are natural

B. they are greater than everyone else

C. they have much knowledge

D. their dreams might change the world

(3)What does the example of Colonel Saunders show us?

A. Setting up a big company is a wonderful ability.

B. Developing technology can bring great progress.

C. Even older people can make their dreams come true.

D. People should be brave enough to dream when they are young.

(4)The underlined word "naive" in the passage means" __________ in Chinese.

A. 逆反的

B. 幼稚的

C. 调皮的

D. 冲动的(5)The best title for the passage is __________.

A. From Dream to Reality

B. Good Examples of Dreams

C. Achievements in History

D. A list of Successful Dreamers

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它。

(1)细节题。根据If a person has a dream and holds fat to it, he or she will find a way to bring it into reality(现实).可知如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据They dreamt big and their dreams changed their lives and even the world.可知们梦想远大,梦想改变了他们的生活,甚至改变了世界。故选D。

(3)细节题。根据前句Older people should believe that it is never too late to dream and that human mind is never too old to make dreams tum into reality.可知老年人应该相信,做梦永远不嫌晚,人的心智永远不嫌老,不会让梦想变成现实。故选C。

(4)推断题。根据前句Children do not have much experience or knowledge. However, they are natural dreamers.可知孩子们没有多少经验和知识,然而,他们是天生的梦想家。所以我们不应该嘲笑他们的幼稚,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它。即从梦想到现实,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

This is the school timetable of Class One, Grade Three, Sunshine School on Monday.

中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)

中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)

A. At 8:00 am.

B. At 10:00 am.

C. At 1:00 pm.

D. At 2:00 pm.(2)How long does the science homework take?

A. At least 90 minutes.

B. About 20 minutes.

C. More than 60 minutes.

D. About 40 minutes.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the timetable?

A. Students always take their painting lessons outsides.

B. Boy students will play a short soccer match this week.

C. Students will use skills in real games in the theory lesson.

D. Students learn how to fix computers in the technology lesson.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍阳光学校三年级一班的周一上课时间表。

(1)细节理解题。根据10:00-11;00 am:Drama During this lesson, students will have the chance to act out roles with other students. 可知戏剧在这节课将在上午10:00开始,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据Science (Biology or chemistry) Students have to write a report of the lesson(about 40 minutes) .可知科学作业花费大约40分钟,故选D。

(3)细节理解题。根据 Practice Students will play a short match lasting 45 minutes. This week, the sports are soccer(the boys) and volleyball(for girls). 可知实习学生将进行一场持续45分钟的短比赛。本周的运动项目是男孩足球和女孩排球。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。要求考生对文章通读一遍,做题时结合原文和题目有针对性的找出相关语句进行仔细分析,结合选项选出正确答案.推理判断题也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理的分析才能得出正确答案,切忌胡乱猜测,一定要做到有理有据。