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【英语】 中考英语阅读理解专题训练答案含解析

【英语】中考英语阅读理解专题训练答案含解析

一、阅读理解

1.阅读理解

Radio and television are very popular in the world today. Millions of people watch TV. Perhaps more people listen to the radio.

The TV, of course, is more useful than the radio. On TV you can see and hear what is happening in the world.

Now the radio is not disappearing. It's still with us. And the number of listeners is becoming larger. One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. The transistor radio is sometimes very small. It is very easy to carry. You can put one in your pocket and listen to it on the bus when you go to work. It is better for blind people. Many old people don't have good sight (视力)to watch TV. When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio. What's more,the radio is much cheaper than the TV.

(1)After the television was invented,people ____.

A. think it is unnecessary to use the radio

B. don't want to use the radio any more

C. are still using the radio

D. find the radio is disappearing

(2)One of the reasons for the larger number of listeners of the radio is that ____.

A. the TV was invented

B. the transistor radio was invented

C. people don't like watching TV

D. millions of people watch TV

(3)____ listen to the radio more because their sight isn't good enough.

A. Children

B. Young people

C. Old people

D. Adults

(4)Usually ____ can be used easily while people are moving or working.

A. the radio

B. the TV

C. both the TV and the radio

D. neither the radio nor the TV

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述收音机和电视机在世界上的很受欢迎,电视与收音机比,电视更有用,然而收音机由于体积小便宜,便于携带,听众也越来越多,深受老年人喜爱。

(1)细节题。根据Perhaps more people listen to the radio.可知,电视发明后,人们依然使用收音机,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. 可知,收音机听众的数量更多其中一个原因是晶体管收音机被发明,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据 Many old people don't have good sight(视力)to watch TV.可知,老年人由于视力不好听广播的人更多,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio.可知,通常人们移动或者工作时可以听收音机,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和推断题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻

找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

2.阅读理解

As far back as he could remember, Larry had wanted to go to Hollywood and become a film star. The young man's hopes for success were broken again and again. However, Hollywood was just everything to him. When he first came to California? Larry had decided never to give up and return home without success. Therefore, he kept on trying. "Some day," he told himself, "my big chance would come."

Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurants. His pay was low, but since the guests were kind enough to give him more money, he managed to make a living. One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture.

Larry got into the car and prepared to drive it on into the lot and park it. Then he stopped, jumped out, and ran over to the director. "Excuse me, sir, but I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me." Instead of pushing away the boy, the director laughed, then wrote something on a card and handed it to the young man. "Come and see me tomorrow."

Larry got a small part in the director's next film. He was on his way!

(1)It's clear that Larry's job—parking cars ________.

A. helped him make a lot of money

B. brought him the hope to be a film star

C. made him fail again and again in getting into Hollywood

D. gave him few chances to meet stars

(2)The film director asked Larry to meet him the next day because _______.

A. he needed a driver very much

B. Larry would become a star

C. some big companies would give him a job

D. Larry expressed his hope in a wise way

(3)We can learn from the story that _______.

A. the film director knew Larry's hard experience before

B. Larry managed to be a part in the new film

C. the job parking cars could bring young people everything

D. the new film was not so important for the director

(4)"He was on his Way" refers to the fact that _______.

A. he gave up and returned home

B. he began to work towards success

C. he drove the director's car to Hollywood

D. he had a long way to go to be in the film

(5)The story mainly wants to tell us _______.

A. it was hard for Larry, to find a job in a restaurant in Hollywood

B. Larry was so lucky to meet the director in the parking lot

C. why Larry could remember many things before

D. how Larry succeeded- in his new life in Hollywood

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)B

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事。

(1)推理题。根据Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurant 拉里找到了一份工作——在好莱坞的一家大餐馆停车One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture一天,他认出了一位重要的电影导演,他开车进了停车场,下了车。拉里最近听说这个人准备拍一张新照片可知,很明显拉里停车的工作是给他带来了成为电影明星的希望,故选B。

(2)推理题。根据I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me."我想告诉你现在或者永远都不会是你想让我出现在你的下一张照片里才是公平的。许多大公司都在追我可知,电影导演让拉里第二天见他,因为拉里以明智的方式表达了他的希望,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据Larry got a small part in the director's next film可知,拉里设法在这部新电影中扮演了一个角色,故选B。

(4)推理题。根据拉里在导演的下一部电影中扮演了一个小角色可知,He was on his Way是他开始走向成功,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事可知本文讲述拉里是如何成功的——在好莱坞的新生活中,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

3.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

A

Shirley Temple, the once-famous child movie star, died at the age of 85 on February 10, 2014. She was born on April 23, 1928. She was good at acting and dancing. In 1934, she starred(主演) in the movie Bright Eyes. From then on she became famous around the world. Later she starred in other movies and won a Juvenile Oscar in February, 1935.

For many Americans born in the 1930s and 1940s, Temple was not just an on-screen star but also a close friend in their childhood. She was remembered by the world as “little angle” for all time. An American movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).”

Shi Li and Cui Jiping are husband and wife. They are disabled. They completed the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的) dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.

The dictionary includes words on medicine, education, psychology, law, history and culture about deaf people's life. This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.

They spent six years and over 1,000,000 yuan on the book. They first collected material for the

book by themselves, then they invited a lot of experts across the country to write.

The book is warmly welcomed by the deaf. One of the readers said, “The book shows that we're not alone. We can have our own way to communicate with the world. ”

(1)From the passage we know that Temple .

A. won a Juvenile Oscar for Bright Eyes

B. began to star in her first movie when she was ten

C. was not an on-screen star

D. was encouraging during the Great Depression

(2)According to the passage, Shi Li and Cui Jiping .

A. are disabled people full of love

B. wrote many famous books

C. finished the book by themselves

D. live a very hard and poor life

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about the book?

A. It is the first world encyclopedic dictionary.

B. Deaf people can know about the world more easily with the help of it.

C. It took them sixteen years to finish the book.

D. It includes medicine and art about the life of deaf people.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文报道了名人Shirley Temple、Shi Li and Cui Jiping的事迹。Temple曾经著名的儿童电影明星,在1935年2月获得了少年奥斯卡奖,在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple鼓励着整个国家。Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。

(1)细节理解题。根据An America n movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).”可知在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple 鼓励着整个国家,故选D。

(2)推理判断题。根据They are disabled. They complete the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的)dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.可知Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。故推断他么那是在帮助这些残疾人,是有爱心的,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.可知这本书为这群特殊人群提供了一个学习工具,并且帮助他们更容易地了解世界。故选B。

4.阅读理解

Confidence is very important in daily life. It is helpful to develop a healthy attitude.

If people are more confident, they are much happier. And they can have more chances to be successful. Here are some suggestions to be more confident.

Speak loudly! When you are not confident, you can't do what you want to do well. You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak loudly in order that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more confident.

Play sports! Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you

full of confidence.

Encourage yourself! Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things you have done well. Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Keep a hobby! If you like drawing, draw as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make you perfect. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)What does "It" mean in the first paragraph?

A. Attitude.

B. Confidence.

C. Happiness.

D. Sadness.

(2) can make you perfect, happy and confident.

A. A hobby

B. Sports

C. Encouragement

D. Labour

(3)What can make you tired but strong according to the passage?

A. Travel.

B. Exercise.

C. Hobbies.

D. Reading.

(4)Which suggestion is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Speak loudly.

B. Encourage yourself.

C. Make progress.

D. Keep a hobby.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述信心的重要性,就如何提高信心给出了一些建议。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Confidence is very important in daily life. It is helpful to develop a healthy attitude.可知,信心在日常生活中很重要,它对发展健康的态度很有益。it在此处指代confidence,信心,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据a hobby can make you perfect. And it will make you happy and confident.可知,爱好可以是你完美,it会使你开心自信,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed.A strong body helps you full of confidence.可知,体育锻炼使你累但是强壮,故选B。

(4)细节题。文章提到了Speak loudly!Play sports! Encourage yourself!Keep a hobby!但是没提到Make progress,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;词句猜测题需要联系上下文,推出词句的意思。

5.阅读理解

I felt very sad not to be able to get the ticket to the film Titanic last Friday. I learned in the newspaper that tickets could be bought at the cinema box office in Richland Hills every day between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. Because I work from 9:00 a.m.to 5:30 p.m., the only time I could go to the cinema was during my 45-minute lunch time. It is a pity that the cinema is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky, you can make the round(往返)trip in 45 minutes.

Last Monday I stood at the bus stop for fifteen minutes, waiting for a bus. By the time I saw one coming around the corner, there was not enough time left to make the trip-so I had to go back to the office. The same thing happened on Wednesday. On Thursday my luck changed, I got on a bus

right away and arrived at the cinema in twenty minutes. But when I got there, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for fifty-five minutes.

I found that I would not have enough time to wait in line. I caught the next bus and went back across the town.

Then on Friday I understood my only hope was to make the trip by car. It was not cheap, but I felt it would be worthwhile to see the film. The trip by car only took 10 minutes, but it felt like one hour to me. When I reached the cinema, I was delighted to see that nobody was waiting in line. But I quickly found out that it was because they had already sold out all the tickets.

(1)It seems that the writer of the story works .

A. in a small town

B. in Richland Hills

C. on a farm near the town

D. at a bus service centre

(2)The writer tried to go to the cinema to buy a ticket, but he really go there .

A. five times

B. four times

C. three times

D. twice

(3)The underlined word "delighted" means" ".

A. sure

B. sorry

C. surprised

D. pleased

(4)What's the best title for the story?

A. How to get a ticket

B. Tickets sold out

C. A wonderful film

D. The way to the cinema

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者坐公交车去城镇买电影票时发现票已经全部卖完。

(1)细节题。根据It is a pity that the cinema is on the other side of the town可知遗憾的是电影院在城镇的另一边,所以作者在一个小城镇工作,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据The same thing happened on Wednesday. On Thursday my luck changed, I got on a bus right away and arrived at the cinema in twenty minutes.星期三也发生了同样的事情。星期四我的运气变了,我马上上了公共汽车,二十分钟后到了电影院,所以作者去了两次,故选D。

(3)推断题。根据nobody was waiting in line可知没人排队买票,所以作者是高兴的,delighted意思是高兴的,即pleased,故选D。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者坐公交车去城镇买电影票时发现票已经全部卖完,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

Willow Shields is an American film and television actress. She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She has a twin sister and an elder brother. Willow is a very beautiful

girl. She has golden hair, big eyes and sweet smiles.

Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister. In the film, she played the role of a little girl watching a gun fight. Her most famous role is Prim in the movie The Hunger Games. She worked hard for the movie and she read the book carefully before acting. Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her." Shields continued in her role until November, 2015, when the final of four movies of The Hunger Games series came out.

Because Willow is always busy, she is home schooled. She makes use of every chance to enrich herself. She especially loves reading. Besides, she is warm-hearted. In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.

(1)Willow Shields is ______________ years old now.

A. 6

B. 10

C. 12

D. 18

(2)Willow Shields acted in her first film with ______________.

A. her twin sister

B. her director

C. her brother

D. her best friend (3)From the director's words, we know that ______________.

A. Willow Shields is a lucky girl

B. the director is pleased with Willow

C. Willow Shields is a television actress

D. Willow Shields is a girl from New Mexico

(4)Willow Shields often ______________ in her free time.

A. goes to an amusement park

B. goes abroad with her friends

C. helps some homeless families

D. hangs out in a shopping mall

(5)Which of the following is TRUE about Willow Shields?

A. She has a brother and two sisters.

B. She gets to school every weekday.

C. She played a role in Harry Potter in 2008.

D. She acted in a film for the first time when she was 8.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了美国电影和电视女演员——Willow Shields。

(1)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque可知出生在2000年6月1日,所以现在18岁了,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据She has a twin sister.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister.可知她有一个双胞胎姐妹,并且在第一个电影中和双胞胎姐妹表演,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her."可知Willow说:“找到一个像她一样的年轻女演员是令人兴奋的,我们非常幸运有她”,可知导演对她感到满意,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless

families.可知在空闲时间她经常志愿给无家可归的人发放食物,即帮助无家可归的人,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister可知出生在2000年,在2008年得到第一份工作,即和双胞胎姐妹表演7分钟英语短片,当时是8岁,故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in the first place.

There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因)and. aging(老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.

Something dirty can cause redness and it will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.

Eating healthy food will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because they protect your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time.

All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.

(1)________________ is the most important way to protect our eyes.

A. Taking medicine

B. Natural eye care

C. Seeing the doctor

D. Being happy all the time

(2)All the flowing causes can lead to poor eyesight EXCEPT ________________.

A. computers

B. aging

C. reading

D. height

(3)What should you do if you have to work in front of a computer according to the text?

A. Have a rest after working for a while.

B. Eat healthy food.

C. Clean eyes by using cold water.

D. Wear a pair of sunglasses.

(4)The underlined phrase "UV rays" means "________________"in Chinese.

A. 闪电

B. 沙尘

C. 紫外线

D. 超声波(5)What is the best title for the text?

A. Ways of doing eye exercises

B. Ways of eye care

C. Ways of being happy

D. Ways of being healthy

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了眼睛保健的方式。

(1)细节题。根据Natural eye care should be put in the first place.可知自然眼部护理应该放在首位,是保护眼睛的最好的方法,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因) and. aging(老化).可知有几种原因导致视力不好,比如不吃足够的食物、基因和衰老。没有height身高,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.可知如果你碰巧在电脑前工作,最好偶尔休息一下。故选A。

(4)推断题。根据sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.可知太阳镜的作用是保护眼睛免受紫外线的伤害,所以UV rays的意思是紫外线,故选C。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了眼睛保健的方式,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

8.阅读理解

Willow Shields is an American film and television actress. She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She has a twin sister and an elder brother. Willow is a very beautiful girl. She has golden hair, big eyes and sweet smiles.

Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister. In the film, she played the role of a little girl watching a gun fight. Her most famous role is Prim in the movie The Hunger Games. She worked hard for the movie and she read the book carefully before acting. Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her." Shields continued in her role until November, 2015, when the final of four movies of The Hunger Games series came out.

Because Willow is always busy, she is home schooled. She makes use of every chance to enrich herself. She especially loves reading. Besides, she is warm-hearted. In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.

(1)Willow Shields is ______________ years old now.

A. 6

B. 10

C. 12

D. 18

(2)Willow Shields acted in her first film with ______________.

A. her twin sister

B. her director

C. her brother

D. her best friend (3)From the director's words, we know that ______________.

A. Willow Shields is a lucky girl

B. the director is pleased with Willow

C. Willow Shields is a television actress

D. Willow Shields is a girl from New Mexico

(4)Willow Shields often ______________ in her free time.

A. goes to an amusement park

B. goes abroad with her friends

C. helps some homeless families

D. hangs out in a shopping mall

(5)Which of the following is TRUE about Willow Shields?

A. She has a brother and two sisters.

B. She gets to school every weekday.

C. She played a role in Harry Potter in 2008.

D. She acted in a film for the first time when she was 8.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了美国电影和电视女演员——Willow Shields。

(1)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque可知出生在2000年6月1日,所以现在18岁了,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据She has a twin sister.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister.可知她有一个双胞胎姐妹,并且在第一个电影中和双胞胎姐妹表演,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her."可知Willow说:“找到一个像她一样的年轻女演员是令人兴奋的,我们非常幸运有她”,可知导演对她感到满意,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.可知在空闲时间她经常志愿给无家可归的人发放食物,即帮助无家可归的人,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister可知出生在2000年,在2008年得到第一份工作,即和双胞胎姐妹表演7分钟英语短片,当时是8岁,故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

9.阅读理解

The phenomenon (现象) of a bike rider getting hit by an opening car door is so common that it has its own term: dooring.

According to a study in Chicago, as many as 1 in 5 bike accidents are caused by car doors—in total, there is nearly one dooring each day in the Windy City (Chicago).

Even when the bike riders try to turn to the other direction to escape from the opening doors, they can end up getting hit by cars.

Then how can we reduce such kind of accidents? Is there any practical way to solve that problem? Yes. It's the Dutch Reach, which has been popular on the Internet recently. The Dutch Reach is a practice where instead of using your near hand—usually the driver's left hand—to

open your car door, you use your far hand—your right hand.

By doing that, you will turn your body around. And you turn your head and shoulders back, so you are looking directly out. First, pass the rearview mirror. And then, you are very easily able to look back and see if there are coming bicycles or cars or anything else. The simplicity of the approach is part of its intelligence.

(1)What is dooring?

A. The opening of the car door.

B. The accidents caused by opening the car door.

C. That bike riders are hit by opening car doors.

D. The accidents that happened in the Windy City.

(2)__________ of bike accidents are caused by dooring according to the study.

A. 1%

B. 5%

C. 20%

D. 25%

(3)Which hand do you use to open the door in the Dutch Reach?

A. The left hand if I am the driver.

B. The right hand if I am the driver.

C. The right hand if I sit at the back.

D. The right hand if I sit next to the driver.

(4)What does the underlined phrase "rearview mirror" mean in Chinese?

A. 门把手

B. 雨刮器

C. 后视镜

D. 挡风玻璃【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:骑自行的人被打开的车门撞到是很普遍的现象,怎样避免这种状况的发生呢?

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句The phenomenon (现象) of a bike rider getting hit by an opening car door is so common that it has its own term: dooring.理解可知,dooring就是骑自行车的人被汽车车门撞倒了,故选C。

(2)理解计算题。根据文中的语句According to a study in Chicago, as many as 1 in 5 bike accidents are caused by car doors—in total, there is nearly one dooring each day in the Windy City (Chicago).理解可知,根据芝加哥的一项研究,多达五分之一的自行车事故是由车门引起的,也就是20%,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句The Dutch Reach is a practice where instead of using your near hand—usually the driver's left hand—to open your car door, you use your far hand—your right hand.理解可知,在这种练习中,司机要用右手而不是左手去开门,故选B。

(4)词义推测题。根据文中的语句 First, pass the rearview mirror. And then, you are very easily able to look back and see if there are coming bicycles or cars or anything else. 理解可知,rearview mirror是后视镜的意思,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题及推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

10.阅读理解

Different countries have different greeting customs. Read this article to know more about the greeting customs in different cultures, and make sure you greet people in the right way next time. France

French people greet each other with a handshake, but close friends kiss each other on both cheeks when they meet. They do this gesture when meeting and before leaving.

South Korea

In South Korea, it is a sign of respect for people to bow when greeting each other, In South Korea, a bow is followed by a handshake. While shaking someone's hand, it is polite to support the right forearm with the left hand. However, South Korean women do not shake hands with Western men; instead, they bow slightly.

Brazil

Kissing women on the cheek is a common way of greeting. In a formal situation, a handshake is often done to show respect. Men should shake hands before and after meeting, and once they have become familiar with each other, a light hug is often given to each other.

Ghana

In a social situation, it's polite to greet everyone in the room. A handshake is used in greeting, and the palm must directly touch the palm of the other. It's considered disrespectful to touch the back of the hand.

The Philippines

There are several ways of greeting people in the Philippines. An elderly person places his or her right hand on the forehead of a child to "bless" the latter. This is called" mano". Relatives and family members greet each other with a kiss on the cheek. Friends greet each other with a polite nod or a handshake.

A. meet for the first time

B. be close friends

C. be in a social situation

D. be in a formal situation

(2)In Brazil, it is very common to _____ between good friends.

A. shake hands

B. kiss on the cheek

C. bow to each other

D. give a light hug (3)Which of the following is about Ghana?

A. Friends can give a light hug to each other.

B. People can give a nod or handshake.

C. It's impolite to touch the back of the hand.

D. Family members can greet each other with a kiss.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了不同的国家有不同的问候习俗,了解更多不同文化中的问候

习俗,确保下次你用正确的方式问候别人。

(1)推理题。根据close friends kiss each other on both cheeks when they meet亲密的朋友见面时会亲吻对方的双颊可知,迈克亲吻一个法国男孩吉姆的脸颊,他们可能是亲密的朋友,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据a light hug is often given to each other可知,在巴西,好朋友之间轻轻拥抱一下很常见,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据It's considered disrespectful to touch the back of the hand可知,在加纳触摸手背是不礼貌的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

11.阅读理解

Sometimes

Sometimes I feel lonely,

Like I'm by myself with no one there.

When I'm that way. I call a friend.

My lonely mood soon disappear.

Sometimes I feel excited,

Like I have some news I have to share!

My friends open their ears to me.

They always listen, talk, and care.

Sometimes I feel so sad,

Like my world is cold and darkest blue.

At those times my friends let me know

They're with me, standing strong and true.

Sometimes I feel confused,

Like I just don't know how I should feel.

My friends then help me figure out

What's right and wrong, what's false and real!

A. become stronger

B. tell him what is right and wrong

C. open their ears to him

D. let him know they're always there with him (2)Which feelings are mentioned in the poem?

A. Loneliness, anger and sadness.

B. Excitement, sadness and loneliness.

C. Sadness, excitement and anger.

D. Anger, loneliness and excitement.

(3)What's the poem mainly about?

A. Friends are important in life.

B. The color blue is the color of sadness.

C. Poems can make humans happy.

D. Different people have different feelings.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这是一首诗歌,介绍了作者因为有了朋友而不再寂寞,不再

伤心,当有快乐时,作者又跟朋友们去分享。

(1)细节理解题,根据Sometimes I feel so sad,At those times my friends let me know They're with me, standing strong and true.可知,当他不开心的时候,他朋友们让他知道

他的朋友一直跟他在一起,故答案是D。

(2)细节理解题,根据Sometimes I feel lonely,Sometimes I feel excited,Sometimes I feel so sad,Sometimes I feel confused,可知,短文中涉及到了寂寞、兴奋、伤心和迷惑,故答案是B。

(3)主旨大意题,根据文章主要抒发了朋友在生活中中的重要性的思想感情,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题和主旨题两种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻

找答案;旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

12.阅读理解

In your school, are you allowed to choose the subjects you want to learn? Of course, the answer is "No" here in China.

In America there is a school trying something new. At a high school in Florida, students will be able to choose their own classes. We all know that some students are better at some subjects than others. Some students plan to go on to college, while others do not. At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).

Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future, and the school helps to give them the knowledge and skills needed to get there. They say that giving the students the chance to choose their own classes makes high school more interesting. Others disagree. They think it will make it difficult for students to discover different possibilities(潜力).They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know what they want to do in the future.

What do you think? Would you like to be able to choose your own classes? Many useful changes have been made in education, but seeing the differences in each student is also important. How can we help each student become a better student?

(1)Some people think allowing students to choose their own classes helps them _________.

A. show how smart they are

B. know differences between them

C. prepare for their futures

D. know their duties in life

(2)Some people don't agree students should choose their own classes because they think _________.

A. some students are too nervous to make a right decision

B. some students shouldn't be workers in the future

C. some students care little about their own futures

D. some students aren't old enough to know what they want to do in the future

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. All the high schools in Florida give the students the chance to choose their own classes.

B. All the people think allowing students to choose their classes can help them find their own possibilities.

C. The school in Florida helps students by giving the knowledge and skills they will need.

D. In the writer's opinion, it's not important to see the differences in each student in school education.

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. Chinese education

B. A new way of education

C. To change our education

D. To improve learning skills

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了美国的教育现象,学生可以自己选择学习科目,而在中国不能,有人认为这种制度好也有人认为不好。

(1)细节理解题,根据Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future,可知允许学生选课可以帮着孩子们为未来做准备,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know what they want to do in the future可知,不同意的人认为,孩子们太小不知道他们未来想做什么,故答案是D。

(3)正误判断题,根据At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).可知,佛罗里达的这所学校既让学生们学习知识,也让学生们学到技能,故答案是C。

(4)标题判断题,根据文章内容可知,文章介绍了美国的教育方式,B选项最接近短文中心思想,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、正误判断题和标题判断题几种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;正误判断题也属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容进行正误判定;标题判断题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,最后凝练句式获取答案。

13.阅读理解

There are some ways to improve your English, but I think the most important thing is to make English all around you. Here's some advice for you.

▲Listen to the radio in English. If there are no English radio stations at the place where you live, listen to one on the Internet

▲Watch TV and movies in English. If you have English channels on your TV, watch them. If there are no English channels, you can buy some DVDs of English movies.

▲Speak English to your friends. You can find a friend who is good at English and speak English with him as much as possible. You'd better find friends whose native language is English. Ask your friend to correct you when needed.

▲Study in or travel to an English-speaking country. Of course the best way to improve your English is to live in English environments. You'll find yourself surrounded (围绕)with the language everywhere. It can be a more difficult and expensive choice, but you may find it to be a very valuable and helpful experience.

(1)If there are no English radio stations where you live, you can ______.

A. buy a new radio

B. buy some DVDs

C. listen to one on the Internet

D. find a friend to talk with you

(2)What does the underlined word "valuable" mean in Chinese?

A. 无价值的

B. 有价值的

C. 花费大的

D. 必不可少的(3)Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. You can watch English channels on your TV to improve your English.

B. You'd better find friends whose native language is English to talk with you.

C. The best way to learn English is to live in all English environments.

D. Study in or travel to an English-speaking country is a good choice because it doesn't cost you too much.

(4)From this passage, we mainly know _____.

A. how to improve our English

B. the best time to listen to the radio in English

C. how to make friends with foreigners

D. the suggestions about how to study abroad

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了提高英语的一些方式方法。

(1)细节题。根据If there are no English radio stations at the place where you live, listen to one on the Internet可知如果住的地方没有英语广播电台,可以在网上听,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据helpful有用的,可知与helpful表示并列,排除A、C。所以是有价值的经历,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据It can be a more difficult and expensive choice可知它可能是更困难和更昂贵的选择,即会花费许多,故选D。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了提高英语的一些方式方法。故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.阅读理解

How do you get to school every day? By bus or car? Song Kexin, a 14-year-old schoolgirl in Xiamen, prefers to go to school on her bike. "It's the quickest and easiest way to get to school," she said. "When there's a traffic jam, I feel the freedom while passing so many car lines."

China was once known as the kingdom of bicycles. But these years, the popularity of bicycles in Europe is rising. Last year, more bicycles were sold than cars in Europe, according to the BBC.

Cycling is a safe, clean and cheap way to get around the city. It makes both traffic jams and pollution less, and is great for our health.

Of course, Rome wasn't built in a day. The popularity of cycling in many European countries is greatly because of bike-friendly policies.

As the traditional "cycling capital" in Northern Europe, Copenhagen's roads keep bicycles and motor cars separated(分离)as much as possible. On these roads, there are pre-green lights for cyclists. These kinds of bicycle traffic lights turn green a few seconds before car traffic lights do. They give the cyclists time to avoid traffic while they are crossing.

In Amsterdam, people can hire a bike from almost anywhere in the city. You can start from three hours and the average price for a full day is 8 euros (66.8 yuan).

This year, in Ruian, there are also similar policies to hire public bikes. It's only 20 yuan for a full day. Do you see them around the city? It's important to be safe when you are cycling. If you remember the following ideas, you will be safer.

■Although you may think a helmet(头盔)is not cool, it can protect your head if you fall down. Just choose the one that fits you best.

■Stop at all stop signs and obey red lights just as cars do. It's a good idea to walk your bike across busy crossings by following traffic lights.

■If you are cycling with friends, ride in a line. Don't ride with each other side by side.

■Wearing headphones while you are biking is not a good idea. You need to hear what's going on around you.

(1)Which of these advantages of cycling are NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Quick, easy and free.

B. Safe, clean and cheap.

C. Green, healthy and popular.

D. Convenient, traditional and comfortable.

(2)In Paragraph 5, the underlined word "They" refers to " ".

A. pre-green lights

B. car traffic lights

C. Copenhagen's roads

D. bike rental companies

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Cycling is much better than driving cars.

B. It is helpful for cyclists to wear a helmet.

C. More bicycles were sold than cars in China last year.

D. In Amsterdam, the average price for a bike is 8 euros.

(4)What is the best title for the passage?

A. Be Careful While Biking

B. Bike-friendly Policies Around Us

C. Bikes' Rising Popularity in Europe

D. How to Solve the Problems of Transportation

【答案】(1)A

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文讲的是中国曾经是自行车王国,但是这些年欧洲人们骑自行车的人的数量正在上升,人们为什么要骑自行车和怎样骑自行车更安全。

(1)细节理解题。根据 Cycling is a safe, clean and cheap way to get around the city. But these years, the popularity of bicycles in Europe is rising. It makes both traffic jams and pollution less, and is great for our health. As the traditional "cycling capital" in Northern Europe, Copenhagen's roads keep bicycles and motor cars separated(分离)as much as possible. In Amsterdam, people can hire a bike from almost anywhere in the city. 文章提到自行车可租用,不是免费的,故选A。

(2)词意猜测题。根据 On these roads, there are pre-green lights for cyclists. These kinds of bicycle traffic lights turn green a few seconds before car traffic lights do. They give the cyclists time to avoid traffic while they are crossing. 在这些路上,对于骑行者有优先绿灯。这些自行车的交通绿灯在机动车交通绿灯前几秒钟变绿。当骑行者穿过马路时它们给他们时间来避免交通拥堵。可知此处they指的是优先绿灯。故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据 Although you may think a helmet(头盔)is not cool, it can protect your head if you fall down. 虽然你可能认为头盔不酷,如果你摔下来它能保护你的头。可知戴头盔有用。故选B。

(4)主旨大意题。这篇短文讲的是现在自行车为什么在欧洲很受欢迎。故选C。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。解答细节理解题时,常用定位法,根据题干和选项中的关键词从原文中找到相关的句子,与选项进行比较从而确定答案。推理判断题既要透过文章表面文字推测文章隐含意思,又要根据作者的态度、意图和文章细节的发展作正确的推理判

断,不要固守自己的观点和看法,对于主旨大意题,要根据文章的中心思想确定。

15.阅读理解

Many people thought a computer wasn't supposed to be able to beat a top master at the ancient Chinese game, Weiqi, for at least another 10 years. But AlphaGo, an artificially intelligent system (人工智能系统) designed by Google, made it. It easily beat Lee Sedol last year, one of the best players in the world. It challenged the world's top players to show how much progress it had made over the past few years.

In late May, 2017, AlphaGo appeared in China and played against 19-year-old Ke Jie in Wuzhen, China. He is No. 1 player now in the world. However, the result wasn't out of people's expectation. He lost the match. Though Ke Jie tried his best and he once saw the victory just a step away, he lost his best chance when he became excited.

At the press conference (新闻发布会)after the match, Ke Jie was interviewed by the reporters. He said he had realized how powerful AlphaGo was, and it was getting perfect. When a Chinese reporter asked him in English, the reporter spoke so fast that the interpreter (口译员)couldn't catch him. Ke Jie got kind of angry and told him that it was unnecessary for two Chinese to speak in English. The reporter apologized to him and offered to ask him for a coffee.

The cat and mouse game is over, but the challenge between man and robots will still go on. (1)Which was the most probable date when Ke Jie played against AlphaGo?

A. May 5.

B. May 23.

C. May 18.

D. May Day.

(2)Why did Ke jie get angry at the press conference?

A. Because he lost the game.

B. Because the reporter couldn't catch the interpreter.

C. Because the reporter asked him in English.

D. Because the reporter wasn't able to speak Chinese well.

(3)According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. People thought a computer could beat humans many years ago.

B. Ke Jie was expected to lose the match.

C. Ke Jie asked the reporter for a coffee.

D. AlphaGo had great trouble winning the game last year.

(4)AlphaGo is ______.

A. Ke Jie

B. Lee Sedol

C. a Weiqi match

D. an artificially intelligent system

【答案】(1)B

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