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最新中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

最新中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

C

Grace, usually known as the Home of Microsoft, is inside an office building in Redmond, Washington. Once you come into the building, you will feel that you're in a modern and future home.

When you enter the building, Grace's voice, coming from a hidden speaker, tells you your messages. In the kitchen, you set a bag of flour(面粉) on a flat stone table. Grace sees what you're doing and makes a menu of flour-based foods on the table. Once you choose one, Grace gives you ingredients(配料).

There's also a notice board in the kitchen made of “intelligent(智能的)cloth” that works like a touch screen computer. You can deal with postcards and invitations and surf the net with the touch of a finger. The invitations could be encoded(编码). You can deal with them on the computer. It's part of Microsoft's Smart Personal Objects Technology, whose aim is to make every object more efficient(有效率的).

“The day when your house becomes a member of your family is not far,” says Pam Heath, a manager of Microsoft. At the Andersen Windows Company, Jay Libby imagines that windows made of intelligent glass can be changed into TVs.

“Nobody wants a television set,” says Libby. “What you want is the service it provides.” If the TV isn't improved, it will disappear in the future.

Home entertainment is one consideration for the future. At the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, scientists are designing systems that will allow old people to live better on their own. So Grandma's home can be cleverly designed to recognize(识别)her ways of waking, sleeping and movement. Family members will be told any change by their computers.(1)We can know from the passage that Grace _________.

A. is an idea known as the Microsoft Home

B. is a machine that works like a TV

C. can understand what its master does

D. can cook meals for its master

(2)According to the passage, all the following are true EXCEPT________.

A. Grace can help you in the kitchen

B. you can use the computer with a touch screen

C. windows will take the place of TV sets in the near future

D. TV technology needs improving

(3)It can be inferred(推断) from the passage that ________.

A. the building in the future will be intelligent

B. your windows will be changed into TVs

C. few people will like watching TV in the future

D. all the old people will live without others’ help

(4)Which would be the best title for the text?

A. Modern Home

B. Popular Home

C. Future Home

D. Smart Home

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】你走进厨房,Grace会告诉你相关的留言,你看见面粉,Grace会给你提供面食的菜单,你选择一个菜单,Grace会给你相关的配料,这些都是智能家庭给我们带来的便利,高效。在未来智能家庭还会提供更多更便利的科技,计算机正改变着我们的生活。

(1)推理判断。根据第一段的描述和第二段tells you your messages告诉你信息; makes a menu of flour-based foods on the table制定面食菜单; gives you ingredients给你配料等,可知Grace应该是一台家庭智能机器,它会看懂你做的事情,并提供必要的帮助,故选C。(2)推理判断。根据第二段在厨房的活动可知A是对的;根据第二段that works like a touch screen computer和You can deal with them on the computer可知B是对的;根据第三段 windows made of intelligent glass can be changed into TVs用智能玻璃做成的Windows可以变成电视,并没有要取代电视的意思,故C是错误的;根据第四段If the TV isn’t improved, it will disappear in the future可知如果电视没有改进,它在将来会消失,故D也是对的。因此选C。

(3)推理判断。根据最后一段Home entertainment is one consideration for the future和scientists are designing systems that will allow old people to live better on their own可知科学家们正努力使未来的建筑智能化。故选A。

(4)主旨大意。根据本文举到的例子“智能厨房”可知,未来的家庭智能化必将是一种趋势。故选D.智能家庭。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.阅读理解

Friends are important to the children. Research shows that children who have no friends can suffer from difficulties later in life. Friendship provides children with more than just fun. By making friends, children learn how to get in touch with others and solve problems. Having friends even does good to children's study for they can help each other after class.

If parents care about their children whether they have made many friends, what matters is that the child is comfortable and happy with his friends. Parents need to understand the steps children take in building friendships.

First of all, be a friend of your child's. Good friendships start at home. Children begin to

develop the necessary ability to go out and meet others through getting on with their parents. Greet the child warmly and let him know you are glad to see him. Children learn a lot from how their parents stay with them and other people.

Teach children how to solve conflicts. Being able to work out conflicts is an important skill in getting along with others. If parents know the children have a conflict, let them work it out on their own. Only step in if it is really necessary, for example, an argument is getting physical.

Give children chances to practise staying together. Make children play games that require teamwork and group problem-solving skills. For example, races are fun and provide plenty of practice in teamwork. "In what way didn't you work well together? What might you do differently next time?" For these ideas, read books such as Cooperative Sports and Games Book by Terry Orlick, and Team Building Activities for Every Group by Alanna Jones.

Encourage children to express thanks to others. Parents can encourage children to do this by setting examples for them.

(1)According to the article, if one child has no friend, he will .

A. have some troubles in the future

B. worry about everything in the future

C. not know the importance of making friends

D. not find anybody to help him

(2)Friendships can be helpful to children EXCEPT .

A. providing a lot of fun

B. getting in touch with others

C. solving problems

D. helping others to cheat in the exams

(3)The writer's purpose of writing the article is to .

A. tell what parents should do to help children make friends

B. show having friends even does good to children's study during the classes

C. tell parents to understand the steps of children's friendships

D. show how important friendships are to children

(4)When children have a conflict, parents should .

A. let them fight with each other until they find who the winner is

B. do nothing to the children and believe their abilities

C. let them work it out by themselves and help if necessary

D. talk with them and try to find good ways to let them stay together

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:朋友对孩子很重要。友谊给孩子们带来的不仅仅是乐趣。通过交朋友,孩子们学会了如何与他人联系和解决问题。有朋友甚至对孩子的学习有好处,因为他们可以在课后互相帮助。作为家长应学会如何帮助自己的孩子交朋友,本文就这问题给我们提出了一些建议。

(1)细节理解题,根据Research shows that children who have no friends can suffer from difficulties later in life.可知,如果孩子没有朋友,在未来的生活中会遇到一些困难,故答案是A。

(2)细节理解题,根据Friendship provides children with more than just fun. By making

friends, children learn how to get in touch with others and solve problems. Having friends even does good to children's study for they can help each other after class.可知,有一可以给孩子们带来更多的乐趣,学会如何跟别人相处,也可以帮着提高自己的学习成绩,而不会帮着别人在考试中作弊,故答案是D。

(3)细节理解题,根据Parents need to understand the steps children take in building friendships.可知,文章告诉家长该如何做来帮着孩子交朋友,故答案是A。

(4)细节理解题,根据If parents know the children have a conflict, let them work it out on their own.可知,如果父母知道孩子们有了冲突,要让孩子们自己解决,故答案是C。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案。

3.阅读理解

When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.

At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived poorly in the countryside while his stepmother was from a wealthy family.

His father introduced Hill to his stepmother as he said, "Dear, I hope you notice in the entire shire this is the worst boy, who has made me have no other way. Maybe before tomorrow morning he will throw a stone at you, or do a bad thing you will never imagine."

To Hill's surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a smile, held up his head and looked at him carefully. She then turned around to tell her husband, "You're wrong. He is not the worst boy in the entire shire, but the cleverest and most creative boy. Only he doesn't find a place to show himself."

His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother. And this became the drive of his life, making him create 28 successful golden rules, which helped tens of thousands of ordinary people walk on the road to success.

Before his stepmother came, no one praised him smart, and his father and neighbours considered him as a bad boy. However, his stepmother's words changed his life.

When Hill was 14 years old, his stepmother bought him a used typewriter and said to him, "I believe you will become a writer." Hill accepted his stepmother's gift and expectation, and started writing things to a local newspaper. He understood his stepmother's strong feeling of interest in his family while he saw with his own eyes she had changed his family. Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.

The strength from his stepmother made him a rich man and famous writer in the United States and one of the most important persons in the 20th century.

Praise will never be unnecessary, especially for children. A sincere(真诚的)praise may be better than 10, 000 bad words.

(1)What did people think of Hill before the age of nine?

A. Clever.

B. Creative.

C. Unfriendly.

D. Foolish.

(2)Hill started making friends with his stepmother after she .

A. smiled at him

B. looked at him carefully

C. said good words about him

D. said bad words about him

(3)Which of the following is WRONG about Hill?

A. He accepted his stepmother's typewriter.

B. He failed to do as he was expected.

C. He started writing to a local newspaper.

D. He understood his stepmother.

(4)The passage was written mainly to tell us that .

A. children should be praised

B. Hill's father married again

C. Hill's stepmother was kind to him

D. Hill's father was cruel to him

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:小时候,希尔是一个坏孩子,当他九岁时,父亲娶了继母,父亲告诉吉姆他是个坏孩子,但是继母说他不会,而是个聪明的孩子,从此他跟继母的关系变的越来越好。在继母的关爱下成为美国著名的作家。

(1)细节理解题,根据When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.可知,希尔九岁前是个出了名的坏孩子,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother.可知,在继母说了他的好话后,他开始跟继母交朋友,故答案是C。

(3)正误判断题,根据Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.可知他跟继母期盼的做的一样好,因此B的陈述是错误的,故答案是B。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章内容可知,继母的表扬让他发生了很大的变化,因此可知,孩子们是需要表扬的,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、正误判断题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

4.阅读理解

What could a poem writer and a film director share? More than you think!Langston Hughes began writing poems in high school and soon became one of America's greatest writers. Most of his writing is about his experiences as an African American. He wrote poems about people who worked hard through life but still found things to be happy about. He wrote plays and books about justice(正义)for all people, and he wrote kids' books, too. The Sweet and Sour Animal Book is a book of his animal poems. Pictures and photos were used in the book." Hold fast to dreams" is a line in a famous Hughes poem. That's exactly what he did throughout his life.

When Steven Spielberg was in middle school, he wanted to make a film. He had an idea for a film, but no money. He started a tree-planting business and made his film with the money he earned. Spielberg never stopped making films, even after many film schools refused him. Today he is one of the most popular and important filmmakers in the world. His films are about people who are adventurous(爱冒险的), brave, kind. His characters often fight for what is good.

Some of his films are about his Jewish background, such as Schindler's List. Spielberg once said, "I

don't dream that much at night because I dream for a living." In different ways, both Hughes and Spielberg have encouraged people of all ages to reach for their dreams.

(1)What is the best title for the passage?

A. Two men who were afraid to dream

B. Two filmmakers who were afraid to dream

C. Two writers who weren't afraid to dream

D. Two men who weren't afraid to dream

(2)When Langston Hughes became great he was Steven Spielberg, who becomes popular.

A. as old as

B. as young as

C. younger than

D. older than

(3)Which of the following is Langston Hughes' writing not about?

A. His experiences as an African American.

B. The fair treatment of animals.

C. Hard-working and happy people.

D. The fair treatment of people.

(4)What did Langston Hughes do in his whole life?

A. He never gave up his wish.

B. He sometimes had a wish to achieve.

C. He always had no wish to achieve.

D. He always wrote poems for films.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了兰斯顿休斯高中时开始写诗,很快成为美国最伟大的作家之

一,史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格上中学时,他想拍一部电影,今天他是世界上最受欢迎和最重要的

电影制片人之一,他们用不同的方式鼓励人们实现他们的梦想。

(1)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了兰斯顿休斯和史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格用不同的方式鼓励

人们实现梦想,即两个不害怕梦想的人,故选D。

(2)推断题。根据Langston Hughes began writing poems in high school and soon became

one of America's greatest writers. When Steven Spielberg was in middle school, he wanted to make a film. He had an idea for a film, but no money可知兰斯顿休斯高中时开始写诗,很快成

为美国最伟大的作家之一,而史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格上中学时,他想拍一部电影但是没有钱,

所以中学时没有受欢迎,所以兰斯顿休斯变得受欢迎时更年轻,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Most of his writing is about his experiences as an African American. He wrote poems about people who worked hard through life but still found things to be happy about.

He wrote plays and books about justice(正义)for all people, and he wrote kids' books, too.可

知他的大部分作品都是关于他作为非裔美国人的经历。他写了一些诗,描写那些在生活中

努力工作,但仍能找到快乐的事物的人。他为所有人写剧本和关于正义的书,他也写儿童

读物,没有关于动物的公平对待的,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据Pictures and photos were used in the book." Hold fast to dreams" is a line

in a famous Hughes poem. That's exactly what he did throughout his life.书中使用了图片和照

片。“紧紧抓住梦想”是休斯一首著名的诗中的一句话。这正是他一生所做的。即从不放弃

梦想,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意

从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了

解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读理解

He was an old man who fished alone in a small boat on the sea and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. But after forty days without a fish, the boy's parents had told him that the old man was now salao, which was the worst form of unluck, and the boy had gone with another boat which caught three good fish the first week. It made the boy sad to see the old man come in each day with his boat empty. The sail looked like the flag of failure forever.

The old man was thin with deep wrinkles(皱纹)in the back of his neck. His face was terribly brown because of the strong sunlight on the sea every day and his hands had the deep scars(伤疤)from dealing with heavy fish on the lines. But none of these were fresh. Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same colour as the sea and were cheerful.

"Santiago," the boy said to him as they climbed the bank from the sea. "I could go with you again. We've made some money."

The old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him.

"No, "the old man said." You're with a lucky boat. Stay with them."

"But remember how you went eighty-seven days without fish and then we caught big ones every day for three weeks."

"I remember," the old man said.

"It was papa who made me leave. I am a boy and I must follow him."

"I know," the old man said. "It is quite normal."

"He hasn't much faith(信心)."

"No," the old man said." But we have. Haven't we?"

"Yes," the boy said. "Can I offer you a beer on the Terrace?"

"Why not?" the old man said. "Between fishermen."

(1)In the story the old man was the boy's .

A. grandfather

B. friend

C. boss

D. host

(2)The word "they" in Paragraph 2 refers to of the old man.

A. the hands

B. the scars

C. the eyes

D. the wrinkles (3)The old man refused the boy to go fishing with him again because .

A. he wanted to fish by himself

B. he could really understand his parents

C. the boy asked for some money

D. the boy had already learnt how to fish

(4)From the story we can know that .

A. the old man was always full of hope

B. the boy's parents believed in the old man

C. everyone laughed at the old man's bad luck

D. the boy was worried about the old man's health

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了一个老人84天没有捕到鱼了,男孩的父母不让小男孩和老人一起捕鱼,认为老人运气不好,老人比较理解男孩的父母。

(1)细节题。根据全文可知小男孩和老人一起去捕鱼,他们的关系是朋友关系,故选B。(2)细节题。根据Everything about him was old except his eyes除了他的眼睛,他周围的一切都很老,所以they代指眼睛,即eyes,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据"It was papa who made me leave. I am a boy and I must follow him." "I know," the old man said. "It is quite normal."可知老人理解男孩爷爷的想法,所以拒绝小男孩再次和他一起去捕鱼,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据"He hasn't much faith(信心)." "No," the old man said." But we have. Haven't we?"可知男孩爷爷对老人没有信心,但是老人和男孩有信心,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

What should we do if one of our classmates suddenly falls ill or gets hurt? Here are some steps you should follow. But always remember to look for medical care after first aid(急救) if the wound is serious.

Broken bones(骨头): Take away clothing from the wound, Use an ice pack. Don't move the hurt body part while waiting for the doctor to arrive.

Animal bites(咬伤): Wash the bite area with soap and water. Pack the wound with a clean cloth if it is bleeding. If the bleeding has stopped, cover the area with a bandage and take the person to hospital. Make sure you remember what kind of animal it is, so the doctor can find the right way to treat him or her at once.

Fainting(昏厥): Have him or her lie with feet lifted a little. Don't move the body if you think there might be wounds from the fall, Make sure he or she can breathe and let in fresh air. Clean the person's face with a cool cloth.

Nosebleeds: Have the person sit up with his or her head tilted(倾斜) forward a little, Do not have the person tilt his or her head back because this may cause heavy breathing or coughing. Pinch(捏) the lower part of the nose for at least 10 minutes.

(1)What should we do first when an animal bite happens?

A. Put an ice pack on the wound.

B. Wash the bite area with soap and water.

C. Try to stop the bleeding with a clean cloth.

D. Take the injured person to the hospital.

(2)When dealing with the problems of ____________, we shouldn't move the hurt. A. broken bones and animal bites B. animal bites and nosebleeds

C. broken bones and fainting

D. fainting and nosebleeds

(3)Which of the following is NOT right when a boy's nose bleeds?

A. Let his head not tilt back.

B. Let his head tilt forward a little.

C. Let him sit up.

D. Pinch his nose for less than 10 minutes.

(4)Which part of a magazine may the passage come from?

A. Lifestyle.

B. Health.

C. Sports.

D. Education.

(5)What's the main idea of the passage?

A. First aid for some accidental wounds.

B. Steps of looking for medical care.

C. Advice on ways not to get hurt.

D. Ways to ask for help in getting hurt.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了四种意外伤害的急救知识。

(1)细节题。根据Animal bites(咬伤): Wash the bite area with soap and water.可知动物咬伤时用肥皂和水清洗,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Broken bones(骨头): Don't move the hurt body part while waiting for the doctor to arrive.和Fainting(昏厥): Don't move the body if you think there might be wounds from the fall可知当骨折和昏厥时不要移动伤者,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Pinch(捏) the lower part of the nose for at least 10 minutes.可知当流鼻血时捏鼻子更低的部分至少10分钟,而不是整个鼻子,故选D。

(4)推断题。根据全文可知讲了意外伤害的急救,所以可能来自健康部分,即health,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了四种意外伤害的急救知识,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

7.阅读理解

It's 10 am on a school day morning in Shanghai and students are standing in lines on the playground, doing their morning exercises. As a teacher at the front calls out, "Yi, er, san, si..." the students extend their arms, then bring them to their chests; bend their knees, then straighten up. Many of the students seem bored.

Meanwhile, in a primary school in Xiangyang, Hubei Province, students are dancing to pop music. Which would you rather do?

Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操)have been a part of Chinese life. The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)! These "aunties" dance on public squares each evening, often driving neighbours crazy with their loud music. But it is good exercise and they are having fun. So, why shouldn't students be allowed to follow their example?

Well, on the Internet, most posters said dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang looked funny. One poster said that calisthenics were old-fashioned and that "the organized movements leave no room for personal freedom".

Fitness is essential for young people. Too much study and too much computer time are making many young Chinese fat and unfit, so it's important that they become more active. And being

active is the key, even if that means doing away with calisthenics and, instead, dancing like damas.(1)The first paragraph mainly tells us that ______________.

A. students' school life is colourful in Shanghai

B. morning exercises are helpful to students' health

C. many students feel bored about morning exercises

D. PE is important to school students

(2)The underlined word "Meanwhile" means" ______________"in Chinese.

A. 反之

B. 同时

C. 总之

D. 幸运的是(3)How long have morning calisthenics been in Chinese schools?

A. For 20 years.

B. For over 60 years.

C. Since last year.

D. Since 1951 years ago.(4)What do most people think of dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang?

A. Funny.

B. Helpful.

C. Boring.

D. Hard.

(5)What is the best title for the passage?

A. After-class activities

B. Colourful school life

C. A history of morning exercises

D. Dancing like damas

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。(1)细节题。根据Many of the students seem bored.可知许多学生对早晨已经厌倦了,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据前后句可知一所学校在做早操,而另一所学校在和着流行音乐跳舞,所以meanwhile意思是同时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操) have been a part of Chinese life.可知自从1951年,健身操已经成为中国人生活的一部分,所以已经有60多年的历史了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)!可知大部分人认为跳舞是有趣的,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

8.阅读理解

Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of

care. Natural eye care should be put in the first place.

There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因)and. aging(老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.

Something dirty can cause redness and it will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.

Eating healthy food will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because they protect your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time.

All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.

(1)________________ is the most important way to protect our eyes.

A. Taking medicine

B. Natural eye care

C. Seeing the doctor

D. Being happy all the time

(2)All the flowing causes can lead to poor eyesight EXCEPT ________________.

A. computers

B. aging

C. reading

D. height

(3)What should you do if you have to work in front of a computer according to the text?

A. Have a rest after working for a while.

B. Eat healthy food.

C. Clean eyes by using cold water.

D. Wear a pair of sunglasses.

(4)The underlined phrase "UV rays" means "________________"in Chinese.

A. 闪电

B. 沙尘

C. 紫外线

D. 超声波(5)What is the best title for the text?

A. Ways of doing eye exercises

B. Ways of eye care

C. Ways of being happy

D. Ways of being healthy

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了眼睛保健的方式。

(1)细节题。根据Natural eye care should be put in the first place.可知自然眼部护理应该放在首位,是保护眼睛的最好的方法,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因) and. aging(老化).可知有几种原因导致视力不好,比如不吃足够的食物、基因和衰老。没有height身高,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.可知如果你碰巧在电脑前工作,最好偶尔休息一下。故选A。

(4)推断题。根据sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.可知太阳镜的作用是保护眼睛免受紫外线的伤害,所以UV rays的意思是紫外线,故选C。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了眼睛保健的方式,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

9.阅读理解

A gentleman once advertised (登广告) for a boy to help him in his office, and nearly fifty persons asked for the place. Out of the whole number he chose one in a short time, and sent all the other boys away.

"I would like to know," said a friend, "on what ground you chose that boy. He didn't even have a recommendation (推荐信) with him."

"You are mistaken," said the gentleman, "he had a great many."

"He made his shoes clean when he came in, and closed the door after him, showing that he was orderly (井然有序的)."

"He gave his seat to the disabled old man, showing that he was."

"He took off his cap when he came in. and answered my questions quickly and respectfully (恭敬地), showing that he was polite."

"He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside, showing that he was careful."

"And he waited quietly for his turn, instead of pushing the others aside, showing that he was modest (谦逊的)."

"When I talked with him, I noticed that his clothes were carefully brushed, his hair in nice order, and his teeth as white as milk. When he wrote his name, I noticed that his fingernails were clean, instead of having some untidy personal habits."

"Don't you call these things letters of recommendation? I do, and the things that I can discover about a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, are worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring."

(1)Choose the RIGHT word to complete the sentence in Paragraph 5 according to the context (上下文).

A. kind

B. smart

C. lovely

D. healthy

(2)How did the gentleman know the boy was polite?

A. He made his shoes clean when he came in.

B. He took off his cap when he came in.

C. He waited quietly for his turn.

D. His teeth and fingernails were clean.

(3)The gentleman laid the book on the floor because.

A. he used to be like this

B. he wanted to know who was orderly

C. he tried to know who had tidy personal habits

D. he wanted to test the people who asked for the job

(4)What can you learn from this passage?

A. The gentleman was a foolish man.

B. All gentlemen can choose the right person by using their eyes.

C. Good behavior (行为) and good habits are important to a person.

D. One should pay more attention to his recommendation than to his behavior.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲述的是一个男孩找工作,在众多的求职者中脱颖而出,这是因为他有着良好的行为习惯和良好的品质。

(1)词义猜测题。根据上一句 He gave his seat to the disabled old man他把座位让给了那位残疾老人,可知他是一个善良的人,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据He took off his cap when he came in,and answered my questions quickly and respectfully; showing that he was polite可知,男孩进来时脱下帽子,很快地恭敬地回答了我的问题。所以显示出他很有礼貌,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside; showing that he was careful可知,把书放在地上的原因是要测试找工作的人们是否捡起来,故选D。

(4)理解推断题。根据and the things that I can discover a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, is worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring. 可知从文章中我们可以了解到一个人的良好的行为习惯和良好的品质是重要的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题和推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

10.阅读理解

最新中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

In Britain. Boxing Day is usually celebrated on December 26th, which is the following day after Christmas Day. However, strictly speaking, Boxing Day is the first weekday after Christmas. Like Christmas Day, Boxing Day is a public holiday. This means it's a non-working day in the whole of Britain. When Boxing Day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is the public holiday.

The exact origin(起源)of the holiday is unclear. One of the thoughts is that during the Middle Ages, when great sailing ships were setting off to discover new land, a Christmas Box was placed by a priest(神父)on each ship. Those sailors who wanted to ensure a safe return would drop money into the box. It was sealed up and kept on board until the ship came home safely. Then the box was handed over to the priest in exchange for the saying of a mass of thanks for the success of the sailing. The priest wouldn't open it to share the contents with the poor until Christmas.

One more thought is about the "Alms Box" placed in every church on Christmas Day. Worshippers(做礼拜的人) put gifts for the poor into it. These boxes were always opened the day after Christmas. That is why that day became known as Boxing Day.

Today, many businesses, organizations and families try to keep the traditional spirit of Boxing Day alive by donating(捐赠) their time, services and money to aid Food Banks, providing gifts for the poor, or helping families in need. Besides, spending time with family and shopping are popular Boxing Day activities now.

(1)If Christmas Day is on a Saturday, Boxing Day will be celebrated on____________. A. December 25th B. December 26th C. December 27th D. December 28th (2)Sailors dropped money into the Christmas Box in order to____________.

A. save the poor

B. pay for the priest

C. discover new land

D. pray for sailing safety (3)What does the underlined phrase“sealed up" mean in Chinese?

A. 密封

B. 悬挂

C. 归还

D. 传递(4)The purpose of the passage is____________.

A. to praise the kindness of priests

B. to introduce the origins of Boxing Day

C. to call on people to help the poor

D. to compare Boxing Day with Christmas Day

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:在英国。节礼日通常在12月26日举行,这是圣诞节后的第二天。但是,严格来说,节礼日是圣诞节后的第一个工作日。像圣诞节一样,节礼日也是一个公共假日。这意味着这是整个英国的非工作日。当节礼日是星期六或星期日时,下一个星期一是公共假日。

(1)细节理解题,根据When Boxing Day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is the public holiday.可知,如果圣诞节在星期六,节礼日就在星期一,也就是十二月二十七日,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据Those sailors who wanted to ensure a safe return would drop money

into the box.可知水手往节礼箱里方硬币是为了祈求航行安全,故答案是D。

(3)词义猜测题,根据The priest wouldn't open it to share the contents with the poor until Christmas.可知回来之后让神父打开箱子,可知之前箱子被密封了,故答案是A。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章介绍了节礼日的起源,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、词义猜测题和主旨大意题。细节理解题要可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定单词的意思;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

Love mysteries but can't find the ones that suit you fine? Don't worry! Here are some that young readers around the world highly recommend. There must be one that you will win your heart!

Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library Mr. Lemoncello is a famous inventor

in the town. Twelve kids are invited to visit his new library. However, this

isn't a good place to spend the night! The kids must work together to solve

the clues and escapes!

"It's a great book! I had my nose in it all the time!This must be the coolest

library in the world!" ----Kate, 12

Price: ¥38.60(hardcover)/¥31.70(e -book)

From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler

Claudia and her brother Jamie ran away from their suburban home to live

in the Museum of Art in New York City. They enjoy the mystery of an angel

statue that is nearly brought to the museum. Can they solve it?

"I have read this book twenty times! It's a must read for young fans of

puzzles!" ---- Alexa, 11

Price: ¥48.70(hardcover)/¥34.60(e -book)

The London Eye Mystery

Salim suddenly disappears. No one knows where he has gone. His cousins,

Ted and Kate have to follow clues around London and find him before it's

too late. Can they make it?

"An amazing story full of puzzles! It will make you never want to stop

turning the pages!" ---- Gabe, 13

Price: ¥74.70(hardcover)/¥66.60(e -book)

A. Mrs. E.L. Konigsburg

B. The London Eye Mystery

C. Escape from Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library

D. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil

E. Frankwiller

(2)In the London Eye Mystery, _________.

A. twelve kids try to escape from London

B. two children try to find their missing cousin

C. twelve kids try to escape from a new library

D. two children try to solve the mystery of a statue

(3)By saying "I had my nose in it all the time!" Kate wants to show that_______.

A. the book was really cheap

B. she enjoyed reading the book

C. she liked the smell of the book

D. the book was easy to understand.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文是三则广告,介绍了 Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library, From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler和 The London Eye Mystery三本书的内容简介及价格。

(1)细节题。根据They enjoy the mystery of an angel statue that is nearly brought to the museum.他们喜欢将要带到博物馆的神秘的天使塑像。可知对博物馆的故事感兴趣应该阅读From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler这本书,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据 His cousins, Ted and Kate have to follow clues around London and find him before it's too late.可知Ted和 Kate在天黑之前,找到了他们的失踪的堂兄弟。故选B。(3)词句猜测题。根据It'sa great book!它是一本很棒的书,可知作者喜欢这本书,从而猜测出"I had my nose in it all the time!是我喜欢读这本书。故选B。

【点评】本题涉及细节题和词句猜测题,细节题要注意细节从文中找答案;词句猜测题是根据上下文,猜出所需要的信息。

12.阅读理解

It's a cold, grey Sunday afternoon in March. The British are all working in their gardens. They're digging, cutting leaves and planting new seeds(种子). By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colors.

The British love their gardens. A British newspaper recently asked people for their opinions about them. Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden, and over 50% of these described gardening as the most enjoyable thing they ever did.

Only one in ten houses in Britain do not have a garden. People who live in houses without gardens often rent(租用) land from the government.

At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House or Castle Howard. In the early twentieth century, however, gardening became a hobby. People bought different kinds of seeds and plants for their gardens. Although roses, sunflowers and tomatoes are often grown in British gardens, they originally(起初) grew wild in other countries.

Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win:Britain's biggest carrot is almost six metres long.

(1)In summer, British gardens are often .

A. covered with grey leaves and plants

B. colorful with different plants

C. too hot for people to work there

D. full of people digging there

(2)A recent survey showed that of the British felt it important to do some gardening.

A. around 70%

B. over 50%

C. only 20%

D. about 10%

(3)We can infer from Paragraph 4 that .

A. seeds were provided for free

B. roses were first grown in Britain

C. gardening is a hobby in the world

D. the owner of Chatsworth House was rich

(4)What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence?

A. It is common to grow carrots.

B. It is hard to win the competition.

C. The carrot is much easier to grow.

D. The carrot is their favorite vegetable.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述了英国人喜欢种花园的事情。

(1)细节题。根据By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colours.可知是五颜六色的植物,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden,可知大概70%人们觉得花时间在花园里很重要,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House,可知Chatsworth House得主人是富有的,故选D。

(4)词义猜测题。根据Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win: Britain's biggest carrot is almost six metres long. 可知想要超过6米长的胡萝卜很难,所以赢比赛很难,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意。

13.阅读理解

One Thursday afternoon, when I was in Grade 9, a new boy came into my classroom. He was short and thin. He walked up to the teacher and told her, very seriously, that he was new. His name was Christian. He sat down, took a look at me, and then looked away. I didn't think he was very nice and I was sure he wasn't the type I would like to become friends with.

During that year, I didn't talk to him much, but he smiled at me when our eyes met, always shyly. He never ate lunch with anybody, and he never talked to anybody but me.

But one day I joined those unkind kids who were making fun of him. We made fun of him though I thought it was wrong.

"Haven't you got any friends?" a kid asked Christian, who had walked past us alone, head down. "No, he hasn't got any friends. He's too stupid and shy," I said. Then Christian looked up at me with the saddest dog eyes I had ever seen. I felt very sorry at that moment.

That night, I couldn't sleep because I couldn't get Christian's face out of my mind. In the weeks that followed, he never met my eyes in class and never smiled at me. It was really hard for me to decide to write him a note asking him to forgive (原谅) me. But I thought I should.

The next day in class, I wrote him a note telling him how sorry I felt. About five minutes later, I turned and saw tears in his eyes. "You will never realize what your apology (道歉) has meant to me, Jimmy," he said to me. "I hope we can become friends."

We had lunch together that noon and we had the best talk I had ever had. Over the years at high school, we were close friends.

When I think back, I realize that, if I had not apologized, I would never have known what a lovely person Christian was!

Apologies can really change your life, so never miss the chance to tell somebody you are sorry.(1)From the passage, we know Christian was a ________ boy.

A. tall and fat

B. short and shy

C. short and active

D. lovely and fat

(2)Jimmy felt ________ after he made fun of Christian with other unkind kids.

A. happy

B. interested

C. sorry

D. bored

(3)This passage tells us that ________.

A. we should make an apology when we hurt others

B. Jimmy's apology was unimportant to Christian

C. Christian wasn't lovely in fact

D. it is impossible to say sorry to others

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:作者通过他的亲身经历告诉我们当我们伤害了别人我们应该道歉。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段He was short and thin可知他又矮又瘦再根据第二段During that year, I didn't talk to him much, but he smiled at me when our eyes met, always shyly. 可知在那一年我没有和他说太多们话。当我们的目光相遇时,他总是对我害羞地笑笑。可知Christian是个个头不高而且害羞的男孩。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据第五段 I felt very sorry at that moment.可知Jimmly和那些不友好的孩子在嘲笑了Christian之后感到抱歉,故选C。

(3)内容归纳题。根据最后一段Apologies can really chang e your life,so never miss the chance to tell somebody you are sorry."道歉真的可以改变你的生活,所以不要错过任何向别

人道歉的机会。“可知作者通过他的亲身经历告诉我们当我们伤害了别人我们应该道歉。故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题与主旨题常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

14.阅读理解

Some people think that success is only for those with talent or those who grow up in the right family, and others Believe that success mostly Comes down to luck. I'm not going to say luck, talent, and Circumstances(境遇)don't Come into play because they do. Some people are born into the right family while others are Born with great intelligence, and that's just the reality of how life is.

However, to succeed in life, one first needs to set a goal and then make it more practical. And, vesides that, in order to get really good at something, one needs to spend at least 10, 000 hours studying and practising. To vecome great at certain things, it'll require even more time, which most people won't put in.

This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don't enjoy what you do, it is going to feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you give up before you ever become good at it.

When you see people exhibiting some great skills or having achieved great success, you know that they have put in a huge part of their life to get there. It's sometimes easy to think they got lucky or they were Born with some unusual talent, But thinking that way does you no good, and there's a huge Chance that you're wrong anyway.

No matter what you do, if you want to Become great at it, you need to work day in and day out, almost to the point of addiction(入迷), and over a long period of time. If you're not willing to put in the time and work, don't expect to receive any rewards. Hard work won't guarantee(保证)you the level of success you may want, But it will guarantee that you will Become really good at whatever it is you put all that work into.

(1)Paragraph 1 mainly talks about __________.

A. the reasons for success

B. the meaning of success

C. the standards of success

D. the importance of success

(2)The underlined word" that" refers to __________.

A. putting in more time

B. succeeding in life

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