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中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)

中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

Denies Walme in Texas, USA, now 14 years old, published his best-seller Unbending Gisula eight years ago. The book is about a little whale named Gisul.

One day, Gisula did not take his mother's words and went up the beach. Then he got lost and had to learn to live by himself. The colour pictures were drawn by Denies himself. Denies published the books at the age of six He is said to be the youngest writer and picture artist.

Another surprising thing about the book is that it became a best seller immediately after it was published and brought him a lot of money. Because he spent much time writing the books, his study was not very good and he had to learn the year's work again but his gift of writing is highly praised by the teachers and student. And he was even invited to give talks on writing.

But Denies does not want to be a writer. He said, 'I like planes most. I dream of becoming a pilot someday.'

(1)From the story we can learn that Denies__________.

A. published his Unbending Gisula at the age of 14

B. wants to be a writer when he grows up

C. drew the pictures for his own book

D. does not go to school anymore

(2)What Denies liked most is________.

A. writing stories

B. drawing pictures

C. whales

D. planes (3)When did Denies publish the books?

A. At the age of six

B. At the age of eight

C. At the age of sixteen

D. I don't know.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

【解析】【分析】大意:本文主要介绍作者丹尼斯个人的一些基本情况以及他的最畅销的书,他虽然学习怎么好,但是他善于写作,他梦想将来能成为一名飞行员,他的书主要介绍一只小鲸鱼,有一天小鲸鱼Gisula不听妈妈的话,爬上了海滩。然后迷路不得不独自生活的故事。

(1)细节题。根据The colour pictures were drawn by Denies himself.可知,通过这个故事我们知道丹尼斯为自己的书画画,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据I like planes most.可知,丹尼斯最喜欢飞机,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据now 14 years old, published his best-seller Unbending Gisula eight years ago. 丹尼斯现在14岁,他的最畅销的书是8年前出版的,可知,他那是才6岁,故选A。【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案。

2.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

B

People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. So how do we deal with our problems? There are many ways and here is one of them

Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. Perhaps they said something you didn't like, or you felt they were unfair. Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost.

When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together. Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other. However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us to learn.(1)What is the writer?

A. A shopkeeper.

B. A doctor.

C. A student.

D. A dentist.

(2)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. How to deal with problems.

B. How to do at school.

C. How to behave with families.

D. How to talk to each other.

(3)What will happen if people stay angry for long according to the text?

A. They feel unfair.

B. They may get sick.

C. Good friendship may be lost.

D. They may miss each other.

(4)Children decide not to talk to each other probably because_______.

A. they become unhappy

B. they have different ideas

C. they worry about a small problem

D. they want disagreements

(5)From the passage, we know an important lesson for us is

A. playing together

B. learning to forget

C. staying angry

D. feeling unfair

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】人与人之间难免会有磕磕碰碰,相处的时候出现了问题怎么办?本文告诉我们怎样处理与人相处时的问题。

⑴推理判断l.根据第一段Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. 可知作者是一个学生。不是店主、医生或牙医。故选C。

⑵主旨大意。根据文章第一段People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. 可知问题讨论如何处理问题,故选A。

⑶根据Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost可知为小事长时间生气会失去好朋友。故选C。

⑷根据 Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other.可知小孩不说话是因为他们有分歧。故选B。

⑸归纳总结。根据最后一句话This is an important lesson for us to learn. 可知长时间生气不好,所以要学会遗忘。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.阅读理解

Roald Dahl was one of the most successful writers of children's books. He sold millions of books all over the world. Many of his books have been made into films and videos. He is so famous that there is even a Roald Dahl Museum you can visit.

Roald Dahl was born in 1916 in Wales, Britain. His father was rich but he died when Roald was very young. Roald and his mother lived a hard life. He had to leave school and went to Africa where he worked for an oil company.

In 1939, Roald became a pilot, but he had a bad accident. It made him limp(瘸的)for the rest of his life. After this, Roald went to America where he wrote a story about his experience as a pilot. It was so good that it was put in a magazine.

Roald married an American film star. They bought a house in England and had five children. From 1960 to 1965, :Theo, one of his children, was hit by a taxi and was seriously hurt. Oliva, one of Roald's daughters, died of a strange illness. Soon after this, his wife also had a serious illness. It took her years to get completely better.

Gradually Roald became more and more successful. He always did his writing in an old shed (棚)at the back of his house. He always sat in the same old armchair with a wooden board on his lap.

"One of the nice things about being a writer," he once said, "is that all you need is what you've got in your head and a pencil and a bit of paper."

In 1983 Roald won a big prize for his book The BFG. During his life, Roald wrote many famous books, such as Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Matilda, Fantastic Mr Fox.

After he died in 1990, Roald left money to help people with serious illness and those with problems with reading and writing.

(1)Roald Dahl was famous as a(n) .

A. doctor

B. teacher

C. actor

D. writer

(2)After Roald went to America, he .

A. lost his parents in a plane accident

B. wrote a story about his pilot experience

C. got married with an English film star

D. won a big prize for his book Matilda

(3)Which of the following is the best for the blank in Paragraph 4?

A. they lived a happy life

B. three terrible things happened

C. he went on writing books

D. he created some unlucky characters

(4)What Roald said in Paragragh 6 mainly shows that .

A. being a writer was a popular job at that time

B. one needs to practise a lot if he wants to be a writer

C. Roald loved writing very much and was talented in it

D. though he was successful, Roald lived a simple life

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了罗尔德·达尔是最成功的儿童读物作家之一。他在全世界卖了几百万本书。他的许多书都被拍成了电影和录像带。

(1)细节题。根据Roald Dahl was one of the most successful writers of children's books.可知是成功的儿童读物作家之一,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据After this, Roald went to America where he wrote a story about his experience as a pilot.可知Roald去了美国后写了一部关于飞行员经历的故事,故选B。(3)细节题。根据后文Theo, one of his children, was hit by a taxi and was seriously hurt. Oliva, one of Roald's daughters, died of a strange illness. Soon after this, his wife also had a serious illness. It took her years to get completely better.他的一个孩子西奥被出租车撞了,伤得很重。奥利瓦,罗尔德的一个女儿,死于一种奇怪的疾病。不久之后,他的妻子也得了重病。她花了很多年才完全康复,可知讲的是3个可怕的事情发生了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据"One of the nice things about being a writer," he once said, "is that all you need is what you've got in your head and a pencil and a bit of paper."可知“作为一个作家的好处之一,”他曾经说,“就是你所需要的就是你脑子里的东西,一支铅笔和一张纸,即Roald 非常喜欢写作,并且在写作方面有天赋,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

4.阅读理解

Do you have many passwords for your credit cards(信用卡) or different websites? Do you try to remember them all? As we are advised to have the passwords memorized by heart for safety reasons, not written down, lots of people find it hard to keep them in mind.

However, this problem has been solved by a microchip (芯片) company. The scientists there designed a very small microchip with an electronic circuit(线路). It can identify(识别) you. By putting the microchip under the skin of your hand, you can have access to(有权进人)things with no need for passwords or cards. In this case, it means that you don't have to remember any passwords.

Office workers in Stockholm, Sweden were offered the chance to have the microchip put under their skin if they wish. It allowed them to get in and out of their workplaces and log into(登录)their computers without keys, Besides, they could also use the new technology to pay for the food in the cafe. But some of the workers thought it was a risky idea to have a microchip put under their skin. They considered that the microchip might cause health problems one day.

Anyway, this new technology is fun. With the rapid development of technology, we seem to be

on our way to being part human, part machine, don't we?

(1)What does the underlined word "passwords" mean in Chinese?

A. 数字

B. 图案

C. 密码

D. 账户(2)The microchip is about _________________.

A. a card widely used in computers

B. something that can help identify people

C. a password for the credit cards or websites

D. a card with which you can go into your workplace

(3)If the microchip is put under the skin of your hand, you can _________________.

A. pay for your food without credit cards

B. play your computer as long as you like

C. go wherever you want without money

D. have access to things without passwords or cards

(4)Some of the workers thought the microchip was a risky idea because .

A. it might make people become lazy

B. it might be bad for health

C. it would change humans into machines

D. it might make people feel comfortable

(5)What's the best title for this passage?

A. The introduction of a microchip

B. A microchip company

C. How to make the microchip

D. A microchip widely used

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了一家微芯片公司设计了一个带有电子电路的微型芯片,解决了记忆秘密的问题。

(1)词义猜测题。根据credit cards(信用卡)or different websites? Do you try to remember them all信用卡还是不同的网站?你试着记住他们所有人吗可知passwords是密码的意思,故选C。

(2)推理题。根据It can identify(识别) you可知芯片是关于有助于识别人的东西,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据By putting the microchip under the skin of your hand, you can have access to(有权进人) things with no need for passwords or cards可知如果微芯片放在你的皮肤下,你可以不用密码或卡片就能接触到东西,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据But some of the workers thought it was a risky idea to have a microchip put under their skin. They considered that the microchip might cause health problems one day可知,一些工人认为微芯片是一个危险的想法因为这可能对健康有害,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据本文介绍了一家微芯片公司设计了一个带有电子电路的微型芯片,解决了记忆秘密的问题可知The introduction of a microchip适合做标题,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题和主旨题四种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读理解

Charity Walk in 2017

Sunday 18th June 2017

10:00 am- Register(登记)

10:30 am- -Walk Begins

18th~24th June

Venue(场地): Baddesley Clinton House B930DQ

Walk registration fee(登记费用):

Adults: $5 (on the day $ 7)

Children: $3 (on the day $4)

Under 5 years old: free

By paying the registration fee you will be able to enter Baddesley Clinton

House and grounds for free (normally BRM/DAY $10.45~ $11. 50 for

adults and $5. 15~ $5.70 for children)

Pets welcome on the walk but they cannot enter the house and gardens.

If you are interested in taking part, please call Michael at 0121 788 1143 or email centre@solihullcarers.org. You can also visit our website wrurw.solihullcarers.org to register and pay online.

Registered Charity No: 2092613 Email: centre@solihullcarers.org

A. a website

B. a storybook

C. a novel

D. a game show

(2)The walk will begin ______________.

A. on June 19th

B. on June 24th

C. at 10:00 am

D. at 10:30 am (3)If two kids above 5 years old register in advance(提前), and their mother registers on

the day, they will pay ______________.

A. $15

B. $13

C. $11

D. $7

(4)After registration, a kid should pay ______________ to enter Baddesley Clinton House and grounds.

A. nothing

B. $5. 15

C. $5.70

D. $10.45

(5)From the poster, we can learn the following EXCEPT that ______________.

A. the walk is 35km in total

B. you can make a call to register

C. pets can enter the house and gardens

D. the charity walk is from June 18th to 24th

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)B

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了一些广告信息。

(1)细节题。根据You can also visit our website wrurw.solihullcarers.org to register and pay online.可知海报可能来自网站,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据10:30 am--Walk Begins,可知在上午10点半开始,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据Adults: $5 (on the day $ 7)Children: $3 (on the day $4)可知孩子提前支付是每人3美元,两人用6美元,大人不提前支付,在那天支付是7美元,,所以一共是13美元,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据By paying the registration fee you will be able to enter Baddesley Clinton House and grounds for free可知支付登记费用后,可以免费进入Clinton House and grounds,故选A。

(5)细节题。根据Pets welcome on the walk but they cannot enter the house and gardens.可知宠物不能进入房子和花园,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

Bill: My favourite book is The Chronicles of Narnia : The Lion, the Witch(女巫)and the Wardrobe(魔衣柜) by C.S, Lewis. It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever, The children help save the magical land from the witch with the help of Aslan, a great talking lion. The children become leaders. But then they come back to our world ... until their next journey in Narnia.

Eric: I like reading The Magic School Bus written by Joanna Cole best. The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the human body. I like Arnold, a boy in Ms. Frizzle's class. He's really funny and he's always afraid.

Grace: One of my all-time favourite books is Ugly by Donna Jo Napoli. It's the story of an ugly young duck. It's a little sad, but after you finish reading it, you'll want to read it again and again. The way Donna Jo Napoli writes is special, and you can really get inside the characters'

heads. It sounds like music when it's being read to you.

Sally: My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech. It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move. Then she is suddenly taken to Switzerland by her aunt and uncle, away from her family. Interested? Then read this book!

Jane: My favourite book is Nancy Drew Mystery(疑案) Stories by Carolyn Keene. I have read it about four times! It is about a girl who loves solving mysteries, and she finds a statue that whispers. Well, I'm not going to tell you the story. I'll let you read it by yourself.

A. a lion

B. a witch

C. a wardrobe

D. a duck

(2)When finishing reading Ugly, readers may feel a little ________________.

A. afraid

B. sad

C. excited

D. nervous

(3)Sally's favourite book is written by ________________.

A. C.S. Lewis

B. Joanna Cole

C. Donna Jo Napoli

D. Sharon Creech

(4)Tina is interested in special journeys, so she may like to read ________________.

A. Ugly

B. Bloomability

C. The Magic School Bus

D. Nancy Drew Mystery Stories

(5)Bloomability and Nancy Drew Mystery Stories both tell stories about ________________.

A. a girl

B. a magical land

C. a young duck

D. a school

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Bill、Eric、Grace、Sally和Jane最喜爱的书。

(1)细节题。根据第一个表格It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever可知主要讲了四个孩子对抗女巫的故事,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第三个表格It's a little sad可知读完后读者感到有点难过,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据第四个表格My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech.可知由Sharon Creech所写,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据第二个表格The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the human body.可知魔法公交车可以去任何地方,甚至人类身体,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据第四个表格It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move.可知主

要讲了一个小女孩的故事,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

I was travelling alone through the UK. To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money. I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.

One morning I woke up in my old car on a country road in Ireland and saw a single house, The

water in my thermos(保温瓶) had gone cold, so I knocked on the door of the house. A woman opened it. I asked her for some hot water. But she wouldn't let me get away with just that! I was invited indoors. She asked me to sit at the table and have breakfast with her family. They filled my thermos before I left.

I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on. The other day I met a young man who had been driving around to look for a parking lot. He looked increasingly upset. I was glad that I was able to point one out to him. His thankful smile was the hugest reward(奖赏) for me.

(1)The writer bought the car in order to ______________.

A. serve the public

B. travel more easily

C. take the trip alone

D. save more money (2)Why did the writer camp in his car?

A. He was short of money.

B. It was his habit.

C. He could have a better rest.

D. It would be warmer.

(3)The writer asked the woman for ______________.

A. a map

B. a thermos

C. some hot water

D. a light breakfast

(4)How did the young man feel at last?

A. Funny.

B. Upset.

C. Disappointed.

D. Thankful.

(5)What's the main idea of the text?

A. Travelling alone is interesting.

B. Sharing food is a pleasure.

C. Kindness is the sunshine in life.

D. Smile is important to everyone.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。

(1)细节题。根据To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money.为了到达公共交通地图上找不到的地方,我买了一辆旧车,花了我大部分的钱,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.可知作者负担不起待在旅馆里,所以不得不待在车里,即缺钱,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据I asked her for some hot water.可知作者和她要热水,故选C。

(4)推断题。根据I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on.我很感动。我决定把仁慈传给他,即感谢的,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意

从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

8.阅读理解

We all know that many inventions have changed our life a lot. They play important roles in our daily life. Here are some interesting inventions.

Morpher

People refuse to wear helmets because they're thick and heavy. Morpher is a bike helmet made of plastic. It is just as strong as traditional helmets, but it can be folded almost completely flat, making it easier to carry. Morpher may be available for sale in stores in the near future. HyperAdapt

Have you ever seen the movie Back to the Future? Maybe everyone wants the pair of shoes in the movie that can tighten or loosen by themselves. Now, thanks to the shoe factory, the dream is realized. When you push a button on the shoe, HyperAdapt can tighten or loosen around the feet.

Flyte

Flyte is a light bulb that can float and turn. Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in January, The company also introduced a lot of similar products, including a planter, Lyfe, which came out in June.

Little Printer

It looks lovely and is called Little Printer, This machine can print news headlines(摘要), riddles and other things on a roll(卷)of paper, If you want to make your own little newspaper, don't forget to use it.

A. steel

B. plastic

C. gold

D. wood

(2)What's the main use of the Little Printer?

A. To protect our heads more safely.

B. To tighten or loosen by themselves around the feet.

C. To float and turn in the water.

D. To print news headlines, riddles and other things.

(3)The underlined word "button" means "_________" in Chinese.

A. 按钮

B. 门铃

C. 电梯

D. 键盘(4)What kind of invention can float in the passage?

A. Morpher.

B. Little Printer.

C. Flyte.

D. HyperAdapt.(5)Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage?

A. Maybe everyone wants the pair of shoes in the movie Back to the Future.

B. You can make your own little newspaper with the Little Printer.

C. Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in February.

D. Morpher can be folded almost completely flat, making it easier to carry.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:发明改变了我们的生活,在日常生活中起到了重要作用。文章介绍了四种有趣的发明:可以变形的自行车头盔,超适应的鞋,漂浮和转动的灯泡和小型打印机。

(1)细节理解题,根据Morpher is a bike helmet made of plastic.可知Morphe是塑料制成的,故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据This machine can print news headlines(摘要), riddles and other things,可知小型打印机可以打印文章的标题,谜语还有其他的东西,故答案是D。(3)细节理解题,根据When you push a | button on the shoe,可知是要按鞋上的按钮因此button的意思是按钮,故答案是A。

(4)细节理解题,根据Flyte is a light bulb that can float and turn.可知Flyte可以漂浮,故答案是C。

(5)正误判断题,根据Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in January,可知Flyte是二月份发明的,而不是一月份,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和正误判断题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定。

9.阅读理解

For Schultz, a 77-year-old man, this is a chance of a lifetime. Schultz is part of a group of around 50 Germans who are on a bus journey along the ancient Silk Road.

Speaking of his journey, he says, "I have been deeply interested in the Silk Road since I was a child, but now I finally have a chance to experience it."

The two-month bus journey will take the group through Germany, Russia, and other 4 European countries. They will then enter China from the country's western part. It will be an unforgettable memory for them.

Nearly half of the 13,000-kilometer trip will be inside China. From Xinjiang in the west to Shanghai in the east, the German visitors will see more than 20 Chinese cities. "We have managed the trip of the Silk Road for around 10 years. An increasing number of people, not only from German-speaking countries, have been joining us," says Liu Guoqiang from China Tours.

Almost 26 million foreigners traveled to China in 2015, and about 5 million of them were from Europe. Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and the Yangtze River are traditional Chinese travel destinations for European tourists. Speaking of where he wants to go, Schultz says, "Compared with modern cities, the culture in western China attracts(吸引)me more."

As Shi Xiang, head of the China Tours, says, "Being a new brand to attract foreign visitors, the Silk Road is good for people to know more about China, especially the northwestern part of the country."

(China Daily)

(1)How will the group of around 50 Germans take the tour?

A. By car.

B. By train.

C. By bus.

D. By subway.

(2)According to Liu Guoqiang, how long has China Tours managed the trip?

A. For 26 months.

B. For around 10 years.

C. For 2 months.

D. For about 20 years.(3)What does the underlined word "destinations" mean in Chinese?

A. 标志

B. 道路

C. 品牌

D. 目的地(4)Which is the best title for this passage?

A. Silk Road: A fashionable way to buy silk

B. Silk Road: An old brand to attract Chinese

C. Silk Road: A new way to learn about China

D. Silk Road: A better chance to see modern cities

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍一群德国人通过乘坐巴士沿着古老的丝绸之路到中国旅行,历经两个月,行程13,000公里,途径20多个中国的城市,增进了对中国文化了解。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Schultz is part of a group of around 50 Germans who are on a bus journey along the ancient Silk Road.理解可知,这个旅游团乘坐巴士沿着中国的丝绸之路旅行,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句We have managed the trip of the Silk Road for around 10 years. 理解可知,这次巴士旅行已经计划了十年,故选B。

(3)词义推测题。根据文中的语句Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and the Yangtze River are traditional Chinese travel destinations for European tourists. 以及Speaking of where he wants to go, 可知,他们在谈论想要去的地方,由此推测北京,西安,上海以及长江都是中国传统的旅行目的地,故选D。

(4)标题归纳题。通读全文可知,文章主要讲述了人们通过丝绸之路了解中国。故选C。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

10.阅读理解

Art Training Course

Do you want to get $ 75~$ 200 each hour? You will get good jobs if you spend only a week on our courses about ads, TV programs, films and fashion.

Website: www. awardmakeupschool. com

Telephone number: 310—364—0665

Teaching English Overseas

A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague. It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.

Cost: $ 1,300 per month

Website: www.teflworldwideprague.com

Looking for a Roommate

I'm Mary. I have a house with three bedrooms. There are many things in it, like a TV, a washing machine and a fridge. You only need to pay $ 200 for it each month. And it includes the cost of surfing the Internet. There are two rules for you to obey: You mustn't make lots of noise in the house and you must keep the house clean.

E-mail: www.room.to.rent@hotmail. com

A. $75

B. $ 200

C. $ 1,300

D. $ 2,600

(2)Mary's house provides the following things EXCEPT __________.

A. a computer

B. a TV

C. a fridge

D. a washing machine

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The cost of the art training course is $ 75 each hour.

B. People should pay $ 1,300 for the language course each week.

C. If you often surf the Internet, you'd better not rent Mary's house.

D. People who want to live in Mary's house should pay $ 1,200 half a year.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)D

【解析】【分析】(1)细节理解题。根据文中的表格二Teaching English Overseas A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague.It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.Cost:1300per month可知学习英语每个人每个月1300元,两个月就是2600元,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三There are many things in it,like a TV,a washing machine and a fridge.可知房子里有电视,洗衣机和冰箱,没有提到电脑,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三You only need to pay 200for it each month可知一间卧室月租是200,半年就是200X6=1200,所以要想成为玛丽的合租室友,半年要付1200,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

11.阅读理解

A gentleman once advertised (登广告) for a boy to help him in his office, and nearly fifty persons asked for the place. Out of the whole number he chose one in a short time, and sent all the other boys away.

"I would like to know," said a friend, "on what ground you chose that boy. He didn't even have a recommendation (推荐信) with him."

"You are mistaken," said the gentleman, "he had a great many."

"He made his shoes clean when he came in, and closed the door after him, showing that he was orderly (井然有序的)."

"He gave his seat to the disabled old man, showing that he was."

"He took off his cap when he came in. and answered my questions quickly and respectfully (恭敬地), showing that he was polite."

"He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside, showing that he was careful."

"And he waited quietly for his turn, instead of pushing the others aside, showing that he was modest (谦逊的)."

"When I talked with him, I noticed that his clothes were carefully brushed, his hair in nice order, and his teeth as white as milk. When he wrote his name, I noticed that his fingernails were clean, instead of having some untidy personal habits."

"Don't you call these things letters of recommendation? I do, and the things that I can discover about a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, are worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring."

(1)Choose the RIGHT word to complete the sentence in Paragraph 5 according to the context (上下文).

A. kind

B. smart

C. lovely

D. healthy

(2)How did the gentleman know the boy was polite?

A. He made his shoes clean when he came in.

B. He took off his cap when he came in.

C. He waited quietly for his turn.

D. His teeth and fingernails were clean.

(3)The gentleman laid the book on the floor because.

A. he used to be like this

B. he wanted to know who was orderly

C. he tried to know who had tidy personal habits

D. he wanted to test the people who asked for the job

(4)What can you learn from this passage?

A. The gentleman was a foolish man.

B. All gentlemen can choose the right person by using their eyes.

C. Good behavior (行为) and good habits are important to a person.

D. One should pay more attention to his recommendation than to his behavior.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲述的是一个男孩找工作,在众多的求职者中脱颖而出,这是因为他有着良好的行为习惯和良好的品质。

(1)词义猜测题。根据上一句 He gave his seat to the disabled old man他把座位让给了那位

残疾老人,可知他是一个善良的人,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据He took off his cap when he came in,and answered my questions quickly and respectfully; showing that he was polite可知,男孩进来时脱下帽子,很快地恭敬地回答了我的问题。所以显示出他很有礼貌,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside; showing that he was careful可知,把书放在地上的原因是要测试找工作的人们是否捡起来,故选D。

(4)理解推断题。根据and the things that I can discover a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, is worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring. 可知从文章中我们可以了解到一个人的良好的行为习惯和良好的品质是重要的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题和推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

12.阅读理解

Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mother was one of those people.

My father died when I was one year-old. While I was growing up, we led a very hard life, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Bach night, she seated me on her lap and, spoke the words that would change my life," Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."

At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said that I would never walk again. Every might my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me whatever those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I walked on my own to school!

When the Great Depression broke out, my mother lost her job. Then I left school to support the two of us. At that moment I decided never to be poor again.

Over the years, I experienced a lot of business success. But the real turning point happened on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for an ordinary American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel (汽车旅馆) for families that would never charge extra money for children. Many people did not believe me at that time.

Not surprisingly, mom was my strongest supporter. As in any business, I experienced a lot of difficulties. But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed. Fifteen years later, I had the largest hotel system in the world- Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $I billion a year.

You may not have started out life in the best situations. But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

(1)What Kemmons's mom often told him during his childhood was .

A. boring

B. tiring

C. encouraging

D. interesting

(2)What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself?

A. His mom's support.

B. His wife's suggestion.

C. The poor condition of his family.

D. His terrible experience in the hotel.

(3)Which of the following best describes Kemmons's mother?

A. Serious and hard- working.

B. Loving and supportive.

C. Strict and humorous.

D. Careful and strong-willed.

(4)What led to Kemmons's success according to the passage? Why?(请用约40词回答). 【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

(4)His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了作者的母亲是如何对自己进行教导和鼓励的。

(1)细节理解题。根据第二段"Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."Kemmons,你一定会成为一个伟大的人,如果你努力工作,你可以做到任何事情,可知妈妈的话是鼓舞人的,encouraging鼓舞人的,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据第五段I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child.I told my wife that I was going to open a motel for families that would never charge extra money for children,我对家庭可住的二级旅馆不满意,而且很生气,因为一个孩子多收两美元,我告诉我妻子,我要开一家不给孩子额外收费的家庭住的汽车旅馆,可知是由于在旅馆的糟糕的经历导致他决定自己开汽车旅馆,故选D。

(3)推理判断题。通过通读全文可知作者的妈妈是深爱孩子的,并且根据第六段mom was my strongest supporter,妈妈是我最强大的支持者,可知作者的妈妈一直都在鼓励、支持他,故选B。

(4)综合分析题。通过通读全文可知作者讲述了妈妈的鼓励对自己成功的影响;根据文章第四段At that moment I decided never to be poor again,在那时我就决定绝不要再贫穷了,可知他是有明确目标的人;最后一句话But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you,可知作者的成功也有自己的自信和努力;原因是第六段But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed但我心里有妈妈的话,我从不怀疑我会成功,和第七段But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you但如果你在生活中找到了一个值得为之工作的任务,并相信自己,没有什么能阻止你,故答案为His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【点评】考查阅读理解,注意理解文章大意,读懂题目,去文章寻找关键词。

13.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)

Bike-sharing has swept across China, with an increasing number of people choosing bike riding instead of driving. The bike that the service company provides has GPS or Bluetooth on it, and those bikes can be easily unlocked with a smartphone and left anywhere in public. Bike-sharing allows people to borrow a bike from one place and return it at another place easily.

In some cities, we can see more and more people riding this kind of sharing-bikes. It's very convenient to use the bikes if you have a smartphone. First, you have to download such an app on your smartphone. Then what you need to do is find a nearest hike through the app, scan the QR code on the bike or connect your phone with the bike over a Bluetooth wireless connection. You will find the bike can be unlocked itself. Then you can enjoy your trip. What's more, the greatest advantage of hike- sharing is that you can easily find one and never worry about where to park it. The cost of riding depends on the time that you spend. Normally, every hour you ride, you need to pay one yuan. It doesn't cost so much, does it?

At the same time, some people park the hikes in their own homes. Besides, some people don't value the bikes. Now service companies are trying to solve the problems like being stolen.

Technology and science have changed our social lifestyles. We have to say bike- sharing brings us more convenience without doubt. And we also hope that people can not only enjoy it but also put it to good use.

(1)From the first paragraph, we know ______.

A. bike-sharing is invented in China

B. sharing-bikes are used by some people

C. most people in cities don t drive

D. sharing-bikes can be borrowed anywhere

(2)II you want to use a sharing-bike, you must _________ first.

A. have a smartphone and download an app

B. download an app and pay for the trip

C. unlock the bike and download an app

D. find a nearest bike and borrow it from anyone

(3)Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage?

A. Bike-sharing is very cheap.

B. Sharing-bikes may be stolen.

C. Sharing-bikes are easy to unlock.

D. Bike-sharing is a kind of green transport.

(4)The passage probably comes from a ________.

A. science textbook

B. tourist guide

C. website news report

D. restaurant menu

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述了共享单车在中国越来越受欢迎。如果想使用共享单车,必须要有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序。它使用起来非常方便,而且价格也很便宜。但是现在有的人不爱惜自行车,到处乱放,还有自行车被偷盗现象,服务公司正试图解决这个问题。毫无疑问自行车共享给我们的出行带来了更多的便利,我们要很好地利用它。(1)推理题。根据Bike-sharing allows people to borrow a bike from one place and return it at another place easily自行车共享让人们可以很容易地从一个地方借自行车,然后在另一个地方归还,可知一些人使用共享自行车,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据文中句子“It's very convenient to use the bikes if you have a smart phone. First, you have to download such an APP on your smart phone.”(如果你有智能手机,使用自行车非常方便。首先,你必须在智能手机上下载这样的应用程序。)可知,如果你想使用共享单车,你必须先有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据文中句子“The bike that the service company provides has GPS or Bluetooth on it. And those bikes can be easily unlocked with a smart phone and left anywhere in public.”可知,共享单车很容易解锁;根据“Now service companies are trying to solve the problem like being stolen.”可知,共享自行车可能会被盗;根据“The cost of riding depends on the time that you spend. Normally, every hour you ride, you need to pay one yuan. It doesn't cost so much, does it?”可知,使用共享单车比较便宜;Bike-sharing is a kind of green transport ,自行车共享是一种绿色交通工具,文章没有提及,故选D。

(4)推理题。A 科学教科,B旅游指南,C网站新闻报道,D餐馆菜单,根据本文是讲述了共享单车在中国越来越受欢迎。如果想使用共享单车,必须要有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序,可知短文来自网站新闻报道,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

14.阅读理解

A The Dragon Boat Festival is a folk festival which has a history of more than two thousand years. It is also named Chongwu Festival. There are many activities on the day.

Dragon boat race

The dragon boat race is an important competition during the festival. People held dragon boat races in the river to remember the poet, Qu Yuan. Now, the dragon boat race is a traditional activity for Chinese people.

Wearing sweet-smelling bags

During the Dragon Boat Festival, children usually wear sweet-smelling bags to avoid bad things. In some areas of China, a sweet-smelling bag is also used as a symbol of love between lovers.

Girls' Day

A long time ago, a married daughter would return to her parents's home during the Dragon Boat Festival. So the Dragon Boat Festival is also called Girls' Day.

Eating rice dumplings

Eating rice dumplings is also a custom for Chinese people. The rice dumpling is a kind of food with different designs and styles. For thousands of years, the custom of eating rice dumplings has been popular in China and has spread to Korea, Japan and countries in Southeast Asia.

(1)The Dragon Boat Festival is called ________.

A. The Spring Festival

B. Yuanxiao Festival

C. Mid-Autumn Festival

D. Double Fifth Festival

(2)What should Chinese do during the Dragon Boat Festival?

①Take part in a dragon boa t race.

②Wear bags that have sweet smells.

③Eat delicious noodles.

④Throw water at each other.

A. ①②

B. ②③

C. ①④

D. ③④

(3)Rice dumplings ________.

A. can express love between lovers

B. are eaten to avoid bad things

C. have different designs and styles

D. are only eaten in China

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了在龙舟节期间中国人参加龙舟节比赛。为了纪念屈原,因此人们举行龙舟比赛。人们吃粽子,粽子有不同的设计和款式。

(1)细节题。根据 A The Dragon Boat Festival is a folk festival which has a history of more than two thousand years. It is also named Chongwu Festival. 可知龙舟节也叫重五节,故选D。(2)细节题。根据children usually wear sweet-smelling bags 和The dragon boat race is an important competition during the festival 可知龙舟节期间人们举行龙舟赛并且带有甜味的袋子,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据The rice dumpling is a kind of food with different designs and styles 可知粽子有不同的设计和款式,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、细节题要注意从文中寻找答案。

15.阅读理解

Public holidays in the United States

Dates Official Names Remarks

January 1New Year's

Day It celebrates the beginning of the year. Festivities include counting down to midnight on the preceding night, New Year's Eve, even with fire-work display and party.

Last Monday Memorial Day It honors the nation's war dead from the Civil War onwards, and

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