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中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文内容出选择正确答案。

A

A farmer had a brother in town who was a gardener, and his brother had a garden full of the finest fruit trees. So his skill and his beautiful trees were famous everywhere. One day the farmer went into the town to visit his brother, and was surprised at the trees that grew quite well.

"Look, my brother," said the gardener. "I will give you an apple tree, the best from my garden, and you, and your children, and your children's children will enjoy it."

Then the gardener called his workmen and ordered them to take up the tree and carry it to his brother's farm. They did so, and the next morning the farmer began to wonder where he should plant it.

"If I plant it on the hill," he said to himself, "the wind might catch it and shake down the delicious fruit before it is ripe. If I plant it close to the road, passersby will see it and take away the apples--but if I plant it too near the door of my house, my children may pick the fruit." So, after he had thought the matter over, he planted the tree behind his barn (谷仓).

Time passed, but the tree had no fruit the first year, nor the second-then the farmer called his brother. When the gardener came, the farmer said angrily, "You have cheated me, and given me a useless tree instead of a fruitful one. This is the third year and still it brings out nothing but leaves! "

The gardener laughed and said, "See where the tree was planted, it has no sun or warmth. How could you expect flowers and fruit?"

(1)From the passage, we can see the farmer planted the apple tree

A. behind his barn

B. on the hill

C. close to the road

D. near his house

(2)The underlined word "ripe" means "__________" in Chinese.

A. 挂果

B. 成熟

C. 开花

D. 成长

(3)What is NOT mentioned in the fifth paragraph?

A. What happened to the apple tree.

B. Why the farmer got angry with his brother.

C. What kind of man the farmer was.

D. Why the farmer called his brother.

(4)Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The farmer's brother had a garden full of the finest fruit trees.

B. The gardener gave his brother the best apple tree from his garden.

C. No flowers, fruit or leaves were on the apple tree.

D. The farmer thought his brother gave him a useless tree.

(5)What do you know from the end of the story?

A. The farmer moved the tree to the roadside.

B. The gardener took the tree to the roadside.

C. The tree will have no fruit any more.

D. The gardener taught the farmer a lesson.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)C

(5)D

【解析】【分析】农民从城里的园丁那里移植了一棵苹果树,把它种在他的谷仓后面,三年了,果树没有长出像园丁说的那样的果子。这是为什么呢?园丁来了一看恍然大悟。

(1)细节理解。根据文章第四段So, after he had thought the matter over, he planted the tree behind his barn (谷仓).可知选A。

(2)词义猜测。句意:“如果我把它种在山上,在果实成熟前大风会吹果树,把可口的果实晃掉。”因此选B。

(3)细节理解。根据第五段可知,两年树没有结果实;农民很生气,给哥哥打电话说他哥哥骗他。没有提到农民是怎么样一个人,故选C。

(4)细节理解。根据第五段This is the third year and still it brings out nothing but leaves! 可知树没有开花结果,但是长有叶子。故选C。

(5)推理判断。根据最后一段,园丁告诉农民树不结果的原因,故选D,给他上了一课。【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

B

中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

Shu Pulong has helped at least 1000 people bitten by snakes. “It was seeing people with snake bites that led me to this career,” he said.

In 1963, after his army service, Shu entered a medical school and later became a doctor of Chinese medicine. As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains. There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives.

“I was greatly upset when they told me the story of an old farmer I met. It was a very hot afternoon. The old man was pulling grass in his fields when he felt a pain in his left hand. He at

once realized he had been bitten by a poisonous snake. In no time he wrapped(缠绕)a cloth tightly around his arm to stop the poison(毒)getting to his heart. Running home he shouted, `Bring me the knife' Minutes later the man lost his arm forever.”

“The heartbroken story touched me so much that I decided to devote myself to helping people bitten by snakes.” Shu added, “I worked very hard and tried my best to make a good snake doctor.” And at last he made it.

(1)The best headline(标题)for this newspaper article is .

A. Amazing Medicine

B. Farmer Loses Arm

C. Dangerous Bites

D. Snake Doctor (2)Shu decided to devote himself to snake medicine because .

A. he wanted to save people's arms and legs

B. he had studied it at a medical school

C. he had seen snakes biting people

D. his army service had finished

(3)Why did Shu go into the mountains?

A. He wanted to study snake bites.

B. He wanted to help the farmers.

C. He was being trained to be a doctor.

D. He was expected to serve in the army.

(4)Which of the following can explain the word upset in the third paragraph?

A. sad

B. surprised

C. interested

D. frightened

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】这篇文章主要介绍了著名蛇医苏普隆的故事,文中介绍了他从医的经历和原因,1963年他服完兵役以后,上医学院,稍后成为一名中医,无意中他听说当地很多农民被蛇袭击,为了保全性命,切断胳膊或大腿,因此他决定研究蛇药,取得了巨大成就。

(1)考查主旨大意题。短文主要介绍了著名蛇医苏普隆的故事。故选D。

(2)考查细节理解题。句意为什么决定从事研发蛇药的事业。根据文中There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives.描述可知。故选A。

(3)考查细节理解题。句意他为什么进山?根据文中As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains.描述可知。作为学习的一项内容他不得不进山。故选C。

(4)词义猜测。句意:当他们跟我讲了老农的故事后我非常的不安。sad伤心的;surprised吃惊的;interested感兴趣的;frightened害怕的。故选A。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.阅读理解

An eighty-year-old couple were having trouble with their memories. One day, they decided to see a doctor. The doctor told them that there was nothing serious, but he suggested that they should start writing things down to help them remember things. The couple thanked the doctor and left.

Later that night while watching TV, the old man got up from his chair and his wife asked, "Where are you going?" "To the kitchen." "Will you get me an ice cream?" asked the wife. "Sure." Then his wife asked him to write it down. "No, I can remember that," replied the husband. "Well, I also want some strawberries and cream on top. You'd better write it down, or you will forget that," said the wife. "No, I can remember that," the husband got a little unhappy and went into the kitchen.

After about 20 minutes, the husband returned with a plate of fish. The wife laughed, "Haha! Your bad memory! I wanted some bread with cream."

(1)How old was the wife?

A. Eight.

B. Eighteen.

C. Eighty.

D. Eighties.

(2)Why did the couple go to the doctor?

A. Because they had a headache.

B. Because they had bad memories.

C. Because the doctor was their son.

D. Because the old man was ill.

(3)What did the husband give to the wife?

A. An ice cream.

B. Some strawberries and cream.

C. Some bread with cream.

D. Some fish.

(4)What did the wife really want?

A. Some bread with cream.

B. An ice cream with some strawberries and cream.

C. A plate of fish.

D. Some strawberries and cream.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:一对老夫妇记忆力出现了问题,去看医生,医生说没有什么大碍,然他们把想做的事记下来便于他们记忆,一天骑在让丈夫拿东西,妻子让他记下来,他说他记住了,可是拿来的不是妻子想要的。

(1)细节理解题,根据An eighty-year-old couple were having trouble with their memories.可知他们已经八十了,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据An eighty-year-old couple were having trouble with their memories.可知他们去看医生是因为他们的记忆出现了问题,故答案是B。

(3)细节理解题,根据After about 20 minutes, the husband returned with a plate of fish.可知,丈夫给他妻子拿来的是鱼,故答案是D。

(4)细节理解题,根据Will you get me an ice cream?"I also want some strawberries

and cream on top.可知吗,妻子要的是带有草莓和奶油的冰淇淋,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题,细节理解题比较简单,一般可以直接在文中找到答案。

4.阅读理解

Mail, games, music, news, chat rooms and shopping!The Internet is part of the way we live today. "It's easy to get onto the Internet. The only thing we need to do is use a modem which is used for connecting a computer to a telephone line. The Internet is changing and growing all the time. More and more people have computers and use the Internet. Using the Internet means surfing the World Wide Web(That's the "www" you always hear about.).The Web has large numbers of websites in it. They are the places you go to get information and do things.

Where do these websites come from?They are made by web designers. What happens when you click on a word or a picture?You are sent to another page. It's all because of the web designer. Web designers do a lot of work by using a computer programming(程序编辑)language.

Is Web design all about computer programming? No. It's about making something new. Web designers must imagine a lot when they are making a website. It must look good and be fun to use. A big part of Web design is art. They choose the best pictures and colours to make the website look good. They also write the things that you see on the website. An important part of their job is to share ideas with the website manager about how to design the website well.

(1)This passage is mainly about .

A. computer programming languages

B. the Web designers' work

C. the website manager's work

D. the way to get onto the Internet

(2)More and more people are using the Internet because it's .

A. easy and useful

B. beautiful and funny

C. colourful and hopeful

D. changing and colourful

(3)It's possible for us to change websites by just a click because of .

A. the modem's help

B. the telephone line's help

C. the Web designers' work

D. the website manager's work

(4)Which of the following is WRONG?

A. "Www" means "World Wide Web".

B. There are a few websites on the web.

C. The Internet has changed people's lives.

D. We can do things like shopping on the Internet.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了互联网是我们今天生活方式的一部分,网页设计的工作的重要性。

(1)主旨题。根据本文介绍了互联网是我们今天生活方式的一部分,网页设计的工作的重要性可知文章主要讲网页设计师的工作,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据It's easy to get onto the Internet可知越来越多的人在使用互联网,因为它简单有用,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据They are made by web designers. What happens when you click on a word or a picture You are sent to another page它们是由网页设计师制作的。当你点击一个单词或图片会发生什么?您将被发送到另一页可知,因为网页设计师的工作我们只需点击一下就可以改变网站,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据The Web has large numbers of websites in it 网络中有大量的网站可知网上有几个网站是错误的,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读理解

Roald Dahl was one of the most successful writers of children's books. He sold millions of books all over the world. Many of his books have been made into films and videos. He is so famous that there is even a Roald Dahl Museum you can visit.

Roald Dahl was born in 1916 in Wales, Britain. His father was rich but he died when Roald was very young. Roald and his mother lived a hard life. He had to leave school and went to Africa where he worked for an oil company.

In 1939, Roald became a pilot, but he had a bad accident. It made him limp(瘸的)for the rest of his life. After this, Roald went to America where he wrote a story about his experience as a pilot. It was so good that it was put in a magazine.

Roald married an American film star. They bought a house in England and had five children. From 1960 to 1965, :Theo, one of his children, was hit by a taxi and was seriously hurt. Oliva, one of Roald's daughters, died of a strange illness. Soon after this, his wife also had a serious illness. It took her years to get completely better.

Gradually Roald became more and more successful. He always did his writing in an old shed (棚)at the back of his house. He always sat in the same old armchair with a wooden board on his lap.

"One of the nice things about being a writer," he once said, "is that all you need is what you've got in your head and a pencil and a bit of paper."

In 1983 Roald won a big prize for his book The BFG. During his life, Roald wrote many famous books, such as Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Matilda, Fantastic Mr Fox.

After he died in 1990, Roald left money to help people with serious illness and those with problems with reading and writing.

(1)Roald Dahl was famous as a(n) .

A. doctor

B. teacher

C. actor

D. writer

(2)After Roald went to America, he .

A. lost his parents in a plane accident

B. wrote a story about his pilot experience

C. got married with an English film star

D. won a big prize for his book Matilda

(3)Which of the following is the best for the blank in Paragraph 4?

A. they lived a happy life

B. three terrible things happened

C. he went on writing books

D. he created some unlucky characters

(4)What Roald said in Paragragh 6 mainly shows that .

A. being a writer was a popular job at that time

B. one needs to practise a lot if he wants to be a writer

C. Roald loved writing very much and was talented in it

D. though he was successful, Roald lived a simple life

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了罗尔德·达尔是最成功的儿童读物作家之一。他在全世界卖了几百万本书。他的许多书都被拍成了电影和录像带。

(1)细节题。根据Roald Dahl was one of the most successful writers of children's books.可知是成功的儿童读物作家之一,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据After this, Roald went to America where he wrote a story about his experience as a pilot.可知Roald去了美国后写了一部关于飞行员经历的故事,故选B。(3)细节题。根据后文Theo, one of his children, was hit by a taxi and was seriously hurt. Oliva, one of Roald's daughters, died of a strange illness. Soon after this, his wife also had a serious illness. It took her years to get completely better.他的一个孩子西奥被出租车撞了,伤得很重。奥利瓦,罗尔德的一个女儿,死于一种奇怪的疾病。不久之后,他的妻子也得了重病。她花了很多年才完全康复,可知讲的是3个可怕的事情发生了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据"One of the nice things about being a writer," he once said, "is that all you need is what you've got in your head and a pencil and a bit of paper."可知“作为一个作家的好处之一,”他曾经说,“就是你所需要的就是你脑子里的东西,一支铅笔和一张纸,即Roald 非常喜欢写作,并且在写作方面有天赋,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

I was travelling alone through the UK. To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money. I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.

One morning I woke up in my old car on a country road in Ireland and saw a single house, The water in my thermos(保温瓶) had gone cold, so I knocked on the door of the house. A woman opened it. I asked her for some hot water. But she wouldn't let me get away with just that! I was invited indoors. She asked me to sit at the table and have breakfast with her family. They filled my thermos before I left.

I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on. The other day I met a young man who had been driving around to look for a parking lot. He looked increasingly upset. I was glad that I was able to point one out to him. His thankful smile was the hugest reward(奖赏) for me.

(1)The writer bought the car in order to ______________.

A. serve the public

B. travel more easily

C. take the trip alone

D. save more money (2)Why did the writer camp in his car?

A. He was short of money.

B. It was his habit.

C. He could have a better rest.

D. It would be warmer.

(3)The writer asked the woman for ______________.

A. a map

B. a thermos

C. some hot water

D. a light breakfast

(4)How did the young man feel at last?

A. Funny.

B. Upset.

C. Disappointed.

D. Thankful.

(5)What's the main idea of the text?

A. Travelling alone is interesting.

B. Sharing food is a pleasure.

C. Kindness is the sunshine in life.

D. Smile is important to everyone.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。

(1)细节题。根据To reach places that were off the public transportation map, I bought an old car, which cost most of my money.为了到达公共交通地图上找不到的地方,我买了一辆旧车,花了我大部分的钱,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据I couldn't afford to stay in a hotel, so I had to camp in my car for the rest of the trip.可知作者负担不起待在旅馆里,所以不得不待在车里,即缺钱,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据I asked her for some hot water.可知作者和她要热水,故选C。

(4)推断题。根据I was greatly moved. And I decided to pass the kindness on.我很感动。我决定把仁慈传给他,即感谢的,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去英国旅行时,负担不起待在旅馆,所以在车里待了一晚,第二天发现保温瓶里的水变凉了,所以去借水,一个女士让作者一起吃早饭,作者备受感动,决定把友善传递下去。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

7.阅读理解

Vanuatu is an island nation in the South West Pacific. It is one of the smallest countries in the world. But for those who are interested in adventure and sports, there is a lot to do. Vanuatu's islands offer visitors two of the most exciting and dangerous activities in the world: volcano(火山) surfing and land diving.

Volcano Surfing On Tanna Island, Mount Yasur rises 361 metres into the sky. Yasur is an active volcano, and it erupts(爆发) almost every day, sometimes several times a day. For centuries, people have climbed this mountain to visit the top. Recently, people have also started climbing Yasur to surf the volcano. In some ways, volcano surfing is like surfing in the sea, but in other ways it's very different. Volcano surfers try to escape the erupting volcano-- without getting hit by flying rocks! It's fast, fun and dangerous- the perfect extreme sport(极限运动).

Land Diving Most people are familiar with bungee jumping, but do you know bungee jumping started on Pentecost Island in Vanuatu and is almost fifteen centuries old? The activity, first called land diving, is part of a religious ceremony(宗教仪式). A man ties tree vines(树藤) to his legs. He then jumps head- first from a high tower to touch the earth with the top of his head- without breaking the vine. Every spring, island natives (men only)still take part in this amazing activity.

(1)In the first paragraph, what does the underlined word refer to?

A. People.

B. Animals.

C. Activities.

D. Islands.

(2)According to the passage, Mount Yasur?

A. is no longer active

B. is on Pentecost Island

C. erupts almost every day

D. rises 800 metres into the sky

(3)Why have people recently started climbing Mount Yasur?

A. Because people can climb it easily.

B. Because people can make money.

C. Because people can watch snow on it.

D. Because people can surf the volcano.

(4)Which of the following about land diving is TRUE?

A. It is not dangerous at all.

B. It was first called "bungee jumping".

C. It is a traditional activity in Vanuatu.

D. It came to Vanuatu from another country.

(5)What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To tell people not to do dangerous sports.

B. To explain what volcano surfing and land diving are.

C. To talk about the world's best volcano surfer and land diver.

D. To compare activities in Vanuatu with sports in New Zealand.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了瓦努阿图群岛为游客提供了世界上最激动人心和最危险的两项活动:火山冲浪和陆地潜水。

(1)细节题。根据句子定语从句who可知指的是人,可知对于对冒险和运动感兴趣的人

来说,有许多事情可做,所以those指的是人,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据Mount Yasur rises 361 metres into the sky. Yasur is an active volcano, and it erupts(爆发) almost every day可知Mount Yasur几乎每天爆发,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Recently, people have also started climbing Yasur to surf the volcano.最近,人们也开始攀登雅苏火山。故选D。

(4)细节题。根据Land Diving Most people are familiar with bungee jumping, but do you know bungee jumping started on Pentecost Island in Vanuatu and is almost fifteen centuries old?陆地跳水大多数人都熟悉蹦极跳,但你知道蹦极跳始于瓦努阿图的五重岛,几乎有十五世纪的历史吗?可知它是一种传统的活动,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据Vanuatu's islands offer visitors two of the most exciting and dangerous activities in the world: volcano(火山) surfing and land diving.可知主要讲了瓦努阿图群岛为游客提供了世界上最激动人心和最危险的两项活动:火山冲浪和陆地潜水,目的是介绍火山冲浪和陆地潜水是什么,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

8.阅读理解

International Museum Day is coming. Here are some special museums that you must see.

中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

(1)If you're interested in art under the sea, you may go to ______.

A. Sweet Museum

B. Cancun Underwater Museum

C. Museum of Failure

D. Museum of Broken Relationships

(2)According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. People can taste the candies on show in Sweet Museum.

B. People learn about success stories in Museum of Failure.

C. Objects in Museum of Broken Relationships have their stories.

D. The material of sculptures in Cancun Underwater Museum is harmful.

(3)The passage is probably from the column (栏目) of ______ in a magazine.

A. Culture

B. Health

C. Sports

D. Food

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了国际博物馆日即将到来,这里有一些你必须参观的特殊博物馆。

(1)推理题。根据第三个描述水下有石膏雕塑和秘密花园,可知如果你对海底艺术感兴趣,你可以去坎昆水下博物馆,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第四个描述中最后一句,可知失恋博物馆里的物品都有它们的故事是对的,故选C。

(3)推理题。根据本文介绍了国际博物馆日即将到来,这里有一些你必须参观的特殊博物馆,博物馆是体验文化的地方,可知这篇文章可能来自杂志上的文化专栏,故选A。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

9.阅读理解

The Big Wheel

New ride opens on May at Adventure Park

See all the city from it

Tickets on said at the par k entrance Adults: $ 3.50

Under 16 s: 2.50Future World

The amazing new computer game

On sale from next week in computer shops and supermarkets

For 2~4 players

Only $ 35!

Jeep Rides

In the desert

Tuesday and Saturday

2:00 p. m till 6:00 p. m.

$17.50 per person

Children must be ever 12 years old Tel: 321703

Competition Young singer of the Year York Concert Hall

May 29

Win a guitar!

Singers must be under 16

Want to know more? Call or text 998456

Teen Voice Top Two Books this Month

The new magazine for teenagers $ 2

Interesting stories and pages of fashion and music

On sale every week Go to www.teenvoice . com Forest Street by Alan Banks and Best Bike Ride by Kim Jams

Order before April 10 for a special price for both books — $ 20 www. booksalot . com

A. go to www.teenvoice . com

B. go to www.booksalot . com

C. call them at 321703

D. call or text 998456

(2)Tom wants to play computer games with his friends, what wilt he choose?

A. Then Voice.

B. Future World.

C. Best Bike Ride

D. Forest Street.

(3)Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Best Bike Ride is written by Kim Jams.

B. The new magazine for teenagers is on sale every week.

C. Eleven-year-old David is allowed to drive a jeep in the desert on Tuesday.

D. Paul and Tina are going to the Big Wheel with theirs 4-year-old son, they should pay $ 9.50 for the tickets.

【答案】 (1)D

(2)B

(3)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍了六则广告的一些信息。

(1)细节理解题。根据表格四句子Competition Young singer of the Year ,York Concert Hall ,May 29,Win a guitar!,Singers must be under 16,Want to know more ?Call or text 998456.年轻歌手比赛,纽约音乐厅,5月29日,赢得一个吉他,歌手必须在16岁以下,想知道更多?打电话或者发短信998456。可知可以打电话或者发短信998456。故选D 。

(2)细节理解题 。根据表格二句子Future World ,The amazing new computer game 未来的世界,神奇的新电脑游戏。可知汤姆想和他的朋友们玩电脑游戏。应该买未来的世界。故选B 。

(3)细节判断题 。根据表格三句子Children must be over 12 years old .儿童必须超过12岁。可知11岁的大卫被允许驾驶一辆吉普车在沙漠中行驶是错误的。故选C 。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

10.阅读理解

A British company has made a new product to help us save money. The product is a wristband that gives us an electric shock if we spend too much money. The wristband is called Pavlok. It is linked to our bank account. It knows how much money we have in the bank. If we go shopping and there is not enough money in our bank account, the wristband makes an electric shock on our wrists. This warns us not to overspend. The company is called Intelligent Environments. It wants to work with banks to help customers with their money. So far, no banks in Britain have

said they would ask their customers to wear Pavlok. They could start doing this in the future.

The Pavlok wristband is part of the Internet of Things. This is the idea that everything in our life will be connected to the Internet. The CEO of Intelligent Environments, David Webber, said people liked the idea of the Pavlok. Shoppers would rather get a small electric shock in the store from the wristband than get a big shock later when they see their bank account. Mr. Webber said the Pavlok would be great for people who cannot stop spending because they have no power or their power is weak. He added that many young people have the "ostrich effect". This is when people put their heads in the sand and buy things rather than look at how much money they have in their bank accounts.

(1)The company made the product to help itself _________.

A. make money

B. save money

C. spend money

D. rob money

(2)The wristband has to work with _________.

A. shops

B. doctors

C. banks

D. Intelligent Environments

(3)Mr. Webber thinks the wristband is _________.

A. helpless

B. great

C. a big surprise

D. cheap

(4)You can read this passage in a _________.

A. health magazine

B. science magazine

C. sports magazine

D. weather report

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了英国生产的帮助人们省钱的工具——腕带,如果你花钱多了,它会电击你,它是互联网的一部分。

(1)逻辑推理题,公司的目的是赚钱,他生产这种东西就为为了赚钱,故答案是A。(2)细节理解题,根据It is linked to our bank account.可知它跟银行账户关联,故答案是C。

(3)逻辑推理题,根据最后一段的陈述可知,韦伯认为这种产品很棒,故答案是B。(4)文章出处题,这是一篇科普性的文章,应出现在科学杂志上,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、逻辑推理题和文章出处题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实;文章出处题需要根据文章内容来判断文章的来源。

11.阅读理解

There are some ways to improve your English, but I think the most important thing is to make English all around you. Here's some advice for you.

▲Listen to the radio in English. If there are no English radio stations at the place where you live, listen to one on the Internet

▲Watch TV and movies in English. If you have English channels on your TV, watch them. If there are no English channels, you can buy some DVDs of English movies.

▲Speak English to your friends. You can find a friend who is good at English and speak English

with him as much as possible. You'd better find friends whose native language is English. Ask your friend to correct you when needed.

▲Study in or travel to an English-speaking country. Of course the best way to improve your English is to live in English environments. You'll find yourself surrounded (围绕)with the language everywhere. It can be a more difficult and expensive choice, but you may find it to be a very valuable and helpful experience.

(1)If there are no English radio stations where you live, you can ______.

A. buy a new radio

B. buy some DVDs

C. listen to one on the Internet

D. find a friend to talk with you

(2)What does the underlined word "valuable" mean in Chinese?

A. 无价值的

B. 有价值的

C. 花费大的

D. 必不可少的(3)Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. You can watch English channels on your TV to improve your English.

B. You'd better find friends whose native language is English to talk with you.

C. The best way to learn English is to live in all English environments.

D. Study in or travel to an English-speaking country is a good choice because it doesn't cost you too much.

(4)From this passage, we mainly know _____.

A. how to improve our English

B. the best time to listen to the radio in English

C. how to make friends with foreigners

D. the suggestions about how to study abroad

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了提高英语的一些方式方法。

(1)细节题。根据If there are no English radio stations at the place where you live, listen to one on the Internet可知如果住的地方没有英语广播电台,可以在网上听,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据helpful有用的,可知与helpful表示并列,排除A、C。所以是有价值的经历,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据It can be a more difficult and expensive choice可知它可能是更困难和更昂贵的选择,即会花费许多,故选D。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了提高英语的一些方式方法。故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

12.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

Learn English in New Zealand

Learn English in New Zealand at Language Schools New Zealand (LSNZ). Our Christchurch and Queenstown schools in the South Island of NZ are the perfect places to learn English.

What is your dream?

Do you dream of speaking English very well?

Do you dream of travel, making friends, a lifestyle using English?

LSNZ will help you to achieve your dream!

Language Schools New Zealand Christchurch and Queenstown are in the fascinating South Island of New Zealand. Both English schools are fully recognized (认证) by NZQA and are in beautiful NZ places. LSNZ offers many kinds of English courses including General English, Exam Preparation9 Study & Ski and more. Our friendly hard-working staff have helped many students from all over the world achieve their dream of using English in their lives. We invite you too to become a member of the LSNZ family.

LSNZ English Courses

Enroll (注册)now for a LSNZ English course—we promise your English will improve and offer 2 NZ schools with excellent teachers and small class sizes.

●General English

●IELTS

●Study & Ski

●Combo Course

Cambridge, Toeic & Pitmans Exam preparation courses are also offered at both schools.

A. lie in the North Island

B. are members of LSNZ

C. own the perfect places to visit

D. teach only local students

(2)The text tells us that LSNZ ______.

A. provides over four courses

B. practices large-class teaching

C. designs lots of exams

D. has many teachers from abroad

(3)Those who want to ______ will most probably be interested in this text.

A. look for jobs at LSNZ

B. build language schools

C. improve their English

D. learn about New Zealand

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了在LSNZ学习英语将帮助实现你的梦想及LSNZ课程。

(1)细节题。根据Our Christchurch and Queenstown schools in the South Island of NZ are the

perfect places to learn English.可知Christchurch和Queenstown学校是LSNZ学习英语的好地方,即是LSZN的成员,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据●General English●IELTS●Study & Ski●Combo●CourseCambridge, Toeic & Pitmans Exam preparation courses are also offered at both schools.可知提供了5个课程,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Enroll (注册) now for a LSNZ English course—we promise your English will improve可知LSNZ许诺会提高学生们的英语,所以想提高英语的人对本文感兴趣,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

13.阅读理解

Love mysteries but can't find the ones that suit you fine? Don't worry! Here are some that young readers around the world highly recommend. There must be one that you will win your heart!

Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library Mr. Lemoncello is a famous inventor

in the town. Twelve kids are invited to visit his new library. However, this

isn't a good place to spend the night! The kids must work together to solve

the clues and escapes!

"It's a great book! I had my nose in it all the time!This must be the coolest

library in the world!" ----Kate, 12

Price: ¥38.60(hardcover)/¥31.70(e -book)

From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler

Claudia and her brother Jamie ran away from their suburban home to live

in the Museum of Art in New York City. They enjoy the mystery of an angel

statue that is nearly brought to the museum. Can they solve it?

"I have read this book twenty times! It's a must read for young fans of

puzzles!" ---- Alexa, 11

Price: ¥48.70(hardcover)/¥34.60(e -book)

The London Eye Mystery

Salim suddenly disappears. No one knows where he has gone. His cousins,

Ted and Kate have to follow clues around London and find him before it's

too late. Can they make it?

"An amazing story full of puzzles! It will make you never want to stop

turning the pages!" ---- Gabe, 13

Price: ¥74.70(hardcover)/¥66.60(e -book)

A. Mrs. E.L. Konigsburg

B. The London Eye Mystery

C. Escape from Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library

D. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil

E. Frankwiller

(2)In the London Eye Mystery, _________.

A. twelve kids try to escape from London

B. two children try to find their missing cousin

C. twelve kids try to escape from a new library

D. two children try to solve the mystery of a statue

(3)By saying "I had my nose in it all the time!" Kate wants to show that_______.

A. the book was really cheap

B. she enjoyed reading the book

C. she liked the smell of the book

D. the book was easy to understand.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文是三则广告,介绍了 Escape from Mr. Lemoncello's Library, From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler和 The London Eye Mystery三本书的内容简介及价格。

(1)细节题。根据They enjoy the mystery of an angel statue that is nearly brought to the museum.他们喜欢将要带到博物馆的神秘的天使塑像。可知对博物馆的故事感兴趣应该阅读From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler这本书,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据 His cousins, Ted and Kate have to follow clues around London and find him before it's too late.可知Ted和 Kate在天黑之前,找到了他们的失踪的堂兄弟。故选B。(3)词句猜测题。根据It'sa great book!它是一本很棒的书,可知作者喜欢这本书,从而猜测出"I had my nose in it all the time!是我喜欢读这本书。故选B。

【点评】本题涉及细节题和词句猜测题,细节题要注意细节从文中找答案;词句猜测题是根据上下文,猜出所需要的信息。

14.阅读理解

Big data(数据) is lot of sets of information that are put together so they can be used by a computer program. The computer program looks for different kinds of answers or patterns in the data. Big data can have different kinds of information from many sources, such as information that comes from schools, social media sites(社交媒体网站), companies and governments. One set of data can have people's names and addresses. Another set can have what they like, where they go to school, and how much time they spend on the computer.

Big data can be used in many ways. The government uses it to understand how many people travel on buses or trains. This information is then used to make bus or train systems better. Some schools use big data to understand which children may need more help in class. The teacher can then give certain students more help or support so those students can succeed in school. Companies use big data, too. It helps them understand who buys their products. For example, one company uses weather data to see when people eat the most ice cream.

Big data can be used for good reasons. Some hospitals use big data to predict if a baby who is born too early will get sick. The hospital can then take extra steps to take care of that baby so he,

she does not get sick. Big data can also be used for bad reasons. It can be used to predict which kinds of people are likely to break the law or hurt others, even if they have not done anything wrong.

How can big data be used for good and bad things? It is because the computer programs used to look at big data and understand it are written by people. People think a certain way. Because they think a certain way, they build a model of those ideas. These ideas are then used to look at the data. Sometimes, these ideas are helpful for people or businesses. Other times, bad ideas can cause problems for certain groups of people.

(1)This reading is about ______.

A. what big data is and how it is used

B. what schools and hospitals people like

C. where important data is collected and stored

D. how big data is controlled by governments and companies

(2)One company uses weather information to ______.

A. help children in need

B. know when people will visit the hospital

C. find out who tides the bus or train

D. understand when people will need ice cream (3)The main idea of Paragraph 3 is ____.

A. big data can be used for good reasons

B. we can use big data in a number of ways

C. big data can be used for both good and bad reasons

D. we can use big data to stop babies from getting sick

(4)The overall tone (总基调) of this reading is _________.

A. sad and personal

B. personal and scientific

C. informative but silly

D. scientific and informative

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。

(1)主旨大意题,根据文章第一段第一句Big data (数据)is a lot of sets of information that are put together so they can be used by a computer program. 和第二段第一句Big data can be used in many ways.可知,大数据是将许多信息集合在一起,以便计算机程序使用,而且大数据可以以多种方式使用。由此可知,这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。故选A。

(2)细节理解题,根据文章第二段最后一句For example, one company uses weather data to see when people eat the most ice cream.可知,一家公司使用天气数据来查看人们什么时候吃的冰激凌最多。故选D。

(3)段落大意题,根据文章第三段第一句Big data can be used for good reasons.和第四句Big data can also be used for bad reasons.可知,大数据既可以用于良性的改善救助,也可以用于预防恶性的行为。故选C。

(4)推理判断题,这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。而且文章使用了很多例子,让读者更容易理解。整篇文章具有科学性且信息丰富,具有教育意义。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及细节题、推断题、段落大意题和主旨题常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;段落大意题是通读整段,找出主题句;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解专题练习经典

If you cannot travel around the world, why not travel on the Internet? GeoGuessr is a new online travel game. The game is easy to play, but nearly impossible to win. The new online game challenges your geography skills.

How to play the game

When you think you know where the photo was taken, click on the Google map to place your marker.

Click on the "Make A Guess" button on the bottom of the map. A new image will appear, showing the distance between the area you chose and the actual location. GeoGuessr will tell how many kilometers away you were and how many points you earned.

You get five chances to guess the location. After the fifth one, you see a map showing your guesses, the correct location and the number of points you earned.

Helpful hints(提示)

Here are a few tips to help you identify what part of the planet you are seeing.

look around and see if you can find any words on signs to show the local language. For example, if both French and English are on signs, Canada might be a good guess.

Make a note of whether the cars drive on the right or the left side of the road. If cars are driving on the left, that narrows your guesses.

The more you play the game, the better you will get at geography.

(1)GeoGuessr is a new online game which challenges your _________ skills.

A. math

B. language

C. science

D. geography

(2)You can have _________ chances to guess the location you see.

A. three

B. four

C. five

D. six

(3)If you see both French and English on signs, you may be in _________.

A. America

B. Japan

C. France

D. Canada

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. A new online game

B. How to travel around the world

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