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中考英语英语阅读理解专题练习(及答案)

中考英语英语阅读理解专题练习(及答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

中考英语英语阅读理解专题练习(及答案)

Chinese Farmers' Harvest (收获,收割) Festival is the first festival in China for farmers. The festival starting from 2018, falls on the Autumnal Equinox (秋分) each year. The Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th, during the country's harvest season.

As we all know, China has the largest population all over the world. It was difficult to feed the largest population in the past. After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our government is paying more attention to agriculture and farmers' life. It will greatly encourage farmers to farm and develop further modem agriculture. China has a long history of agriculture. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival, the cultural symbol, helps to show China's long farming culture to the world. It also connects the excellent traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization (文明) and improves the cultural self-confidence and national pride.

Since the festival is especially created for farmers, they are encouraged to think of their own ways to celebrate harvest. Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.

Some people think the festival is the happiest time of a year, even better than the Spring Festival, because food gives people a sense of safety and hope. For other people, the harvest festival is a time to look back at the past and look forward to the future.

(1)We probably celebrate the Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival on ______________. A. September 20th B. September 23rd C. September 25th D. October 1st (2)The main purposes that Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival was created don't include _______.

A. showing the long history of farming culture of China

B. improving Chinese cultural self-confidence and national pride

C. encouraging Chinese farmers to give up local customs

D. connecting the traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization

(3)We can learn from the third paragraph that ______________________.

A. the celebrations will be differently based on local customs

B. western countries also celebrate the Fanners' Harvest Festival

C. the Farmers' Harvest Festival is one of the Chinese traditional festivals

D. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is created for both farmers and workers

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The Farmers' Harvest Festival falls on different days in different areas in China.

B. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is the best time to harvest crops(庄稼)in the world.

C. The Farmers' Harvest Festival has been celebrated twice in our country so far.

D. China's modem agriculture has greatly developed because of reform and opening.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了中国的首届中国农民丰收节。节日定语中国的二十四解气的秋分,这个节日是为农民创建的,鼓励他们用自己的方式庆祝收获。有农民认为这个节日是他们一年中最快乐的时候。

(1)细节理解题,根据he Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th,可知,秋分在月22日-24日的某一天,所以庆祝丰收节应该在这个事件范围内。故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.可知C的陈述绝对错误,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs.可知,庆祝活动应基于当地的风土人情,故答案是A。

(4)正误判断题,根据After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our可知,因为改革开放,中国的现代农业取得了很大的成就,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题和正误判断题,细节理解题一般可知直接在文中找到答案,正误判断题也是细节理解题的一种,也是基于短文内容进行判断的。

2.阅读理解

Dear August,

Welcome to the world! Your mom and I are so excited to see who you will become.

When your sister was born, we wrote a letter about the world we hoped she and now you will grow up in a world with better education, ____________, stronger communities, and greater equality(平等). We wrote that with all the progress in science and technology, your generation(一代人)should live much better lives than ours, and we have a responsibility(责任)to do our part to make that happen.

But rather than write about growing up, we want to talk about childhood. The world can be a

serious place. That's why it's important to make time to go outside and play.

You will be busy when you're older, so I hope you take time to smell all the flowers and put all the leaves you want in your bucket now. I hope you read your favorite Dr. Seuss books so many times you started inventing your own stories about the Viper Of VIPP. I hope you ride the carousel (旋转木马) with Max until you have tamed(驯服)every color horse. I hope you run as many laps(圈)around our living room and yard as you want. And then I hope you take a lot of naps. I hope you're a great sleeper. And I hope even in your dreams you feel how much we love you. Childhood is magical. You only get to be a child once, so don't spend it worrying too much about future. You have got us for that, and we'll do everything we possibly can to make sure the world is a better place for you and all children in your generation. August, we love you so much and we're so excited to go on this adventure with you. We wish you a life of joy, love and the same hope you give us.

Love,

Mom and Dad (1)Who wrote the letter?

A. Mother

B. Father

C. Sister

D. Brother

(2)Which of the following is the best for "_______ " in the second paragraph?

A. fewer diseases.

B. more wealth

C. more flowers

D. big house (3)Which of the following is not mentioned in the last paragraph?

A. Get closer to nature

B. Read, run and play freely

C. Feel loved even in her dream

D. Grow up in a world with more wealth

(4)The writer wrote the letter with the main purpose of showing his_________.

A. excitement about the coming of August

B. love to his two daughters

C. his hope for a happy childhood of August

D. expectation towards August

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这是一封父母写给刚出生不久的女儿的----八月的一封信。信里大致表达了让女儿尽情美好的童年,体现了浓浓的父爱。

(1)细节题,根据Welcome to the world! Your mom and I are so excited to see who you will become.可知是父亲执笔给女儿的信,故选B。

(2)推理判断题,根据空前better education更好的教育,及空后的内容stronger communities, and greater equality更强大的社区,更平等的社会,可推断出此空应该是更少的疾病,故选A。

(3)细节题,根据最后一段so I hope you take time to smell all the flowers and put all the leaves you want in your bucket now. I hope you read your favorite Dr. Seuss books , I hope you ride the carousel (旋转木马) with Max until you have tamed(驯服)every color horse. I hope you run as many laps(圈)around our living room and yard as you want. I hope even in your dreams you feel how much we love you. 可知没有提到D项,故选D。

(4)写作意图题,通读整篇文章可知,作者给女儿的信,希望女儿能享受美好的童年生活。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和写作意图题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;写作意图题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出作者的写作意图。

3.(2017·丽水)阅读理解

D

My best friend Jenny and I got to the mall for shopping.She held up a white sweater and matching skirt.“Do you like this?”she asked.

“It's great,''I said.Jenny nodded and continued looking while I moved about.touching the beautiful clothes.“ I'll try this on.”Jenny walked towards the dressing room.After a while,she came out in the outfit(一套衣服).She looked beautiful.

I sighed. Part of me wanted to say how good she looked, but another part stopped the words coming out.Jenny was in such good shape that she'd look good in the outfit.Sometimes, I regretted choosing a best friend who was so pretty.God,why can't I be the one with the rich parents and the great look?More and more, I was envious(妒忌的)of her.

“W ell,Teresa,what do you think?”Jenny asked more than once.“Do you like it?''

The outfit looked great on her,but I lied,“Not really.I think you need something with more colors.''

“You think so?"Jenny said doubtfully.

“Just believe me.We'll find something better,"I told her,pushing her back into the dressing room.“You just can't buy the first thing you see.”I did my best to get Jenny out of the store,away from that outfit.As we left,Jenny gave the sweater one last look.Just down the mall,we passed a yogurt place."My treat,''Jenny said,pulling out her wallet.

I could never say no to chocolate,so we got some and sat down at a table.As Jenny talked without stopping about a million things,I thought about my feelings toward her.Those feelings weren't kind.

Sitting there,▲Jenny was attractive(吸引人的)not just because of her good luck,but more because of her kindness.Treating me to chocolate was far from her only show of generosity.She also let me drive her car and borrow her colothes.

Finishing our chocolate,we headed for the next clothing store."Look at that red sweater.''Jenny said as we passed the window."It would be perfect for you.Soon maybe you'll have enough by saving your babysitting money to buy something like that.”

A few minutes earlier,all I had heard was about saving my babysitting money.I had hated the fact that Jenny could ask her parents for anything,and they'd buy it for her.This time,though.I heard more.I heard the voice of someone who loved and cared me for who I was.I

needed to express the same to her.

(1)Teresa felt when Jenny came out of the dressing room in the new outfit.

A. envious

B. excited

C. lonely

D. comfortable

(2)Teresa and Jenny after they left the first clothing store.

A. headed for the next clothing store

B. talked about the outfit Jenny wanted

C. had some chocolate at a yogurt place

D. ended the friendship between them

(3)Which of the following can be put in the blank?

A. Jenny lent me some money.

B. Jenny asked for more chocolate.

C. I told Jenny my unkind feelings.

D. I began to see Jenny in a new light.

(4)We can infer(推断)that Teresa would that day.

A. forget all about what had happened

B. ask her parents for money to buy something

C. buy herself the red sweater in the next store

D. push Jenny back to the first store for the outfit

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

【解析】【分析】短文大意:作者和好友去购物,好友看上了一套衣服非常好看,作者心里也觉得很美,但因为嫉妒心里她否认自己喜欢它,接下来她们喝了奶茶,在喝茶期间,作者重新看到了好友的善良,在接下来的购物中,作者意识到了好友对她的关心,同时决定以同样的关心去回报好友。

(1)细节理解题。从More and more, I was envious(妒忌的)of her可知选A。

(2)细节理解题。从we passed a yogurt place."My treat,''Jenny said,pulling out her wallet.可知她们去了奶茶店喝了巧克力奶茶,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。从下文的“Jenny很吸引人,不仅是因为她的好运,更多的是因为她的善良”,所以此处应该选D。

(4)细节推测题。从I heard the voice of someone who loved and cared me for who I was.I needed to express the same to her.可知作者“我”会对她表达自己的善意,故D符合。

【点评】考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

C

I arrived at my mother's home for our Saturday family dinner. The smells of food flew over from the kitchen. My mother was pulling out quilt after quilt from the boxes, proudly showing me their beauties. I knew they were all made herself. She was preparing for a quilt show on TV. When we began to fold and put them back into the boxes, I noticed something at the bottom of one box. I pulled it out.

"What's this?" I asked.

"Oh?" Mom said, "That's Mama's quilt."

I spread the quilt. It looked as if a group of school children had made the pieces together. "Grandmother made this?" I asked in surprise. My grandmother was a master at making quilts. This certainly didn't look like any of the quilts she had made.

"Yes, right before she died. I brought it home with me last year and made some changes," Mom said, "I'm still working on it. See, this is what I've done so far."

I looked at it more closely. She had made a line straight. At the center of the quilt, she had stitched a piece of cloth with these words: "My mother made many quilts. She didn't get all lines straight. But I think this is beautiful. I want to see it finished. Her last quilt."

"Oh, this is so nice, Mom." I said. I was sure now that by completing my grandmother's quilt, my mother was honoring her own mother. I realized that I held in my hands a family treasure. It started with the loving hands of one woman, and continued with the loving hands of another.(1)When the writer got home, his mother _________.

A. was cooking dinner

B. was preparing for a quilt show

C. was watching TV

D. was changing her mama's quilt

(2)How did the writer's mother deal with her mama's last quilt?

A. She took it to a TV show.

B. She brought it home and made some changes.

C. She gave it to her daughter as a family treasure.

D. She made some changes with a group of children.

(3)The word "stitched" in the sixth paragraph probably means _________ in Chinese.

A. 画出

B. 剪开

C. 写下

D. 缝上(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The writer wanted to know what their family treasure was.

B. The writer's mother wanted to learn how to make a beautiful quilt.

C. The writer's mother wanted to honor her own mama by finishing the quilt.

D. The writer's mother wanted to take her mama's quilts to the show.

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文通过母亲的被子描写子女对母爱的缅怀和传承。

⑴细节理解。根据第一段My mother was pulling out quilt after quilt from the boxes, proudly showing me their beauties. I knew they were all made herself. She was preparing for a quilt show on TV可知妈妈把所有的被子都拿出来要参加一个电视上的被子展览。故选B。

⑵细节理解。根据第五段"Yes, right before she died. I brought it home with me last year and made some changes," 可知是在作者的外祖母去世前做的,作者的母亲去年把它拿回家进行了修改。故选B。

⑶词义猜测。根据句意:在被子的中心,她……一块有字的布。故选D。

⑷细节理解。根据最后一段I was sure now that by completing my grandmother's quilt, my mother was honoring her own mother可知作者的母亲通过完成她妈妈的被子以纪念她。故选C。

【点评】这是一篇记叙文,快速浏览文章,弄清作者写作的意图。答题时注意问题中的关键词在文章中的准确定位,根据关键词查找信息,切忌主观臆断,凭感觉做题

5.阅读理解

Babies like sitting in the prams which are pushed by their mothers along the road or in the park. They sit in the prams eating, drinking, laughing or sleeping.

But have you ever heard of the Pram Race before? It is held in Hull, England once a year. You might see some people running along the road and pushing the prams as fast as they can. However, there aren't any babies in the prams, but adults instead. They jump out of the prams and drink lots of milk on the table along the road. Then they get into the prams and go on racing. The Pram Race is held to raise money for the people in need. For example, it helps to make it possible for disabled people to have wheelchairs for free.

It all started when Hull was a fishing town. Every Friday afternoon, fishermen's wives had to run, pushing the prams with their babies in. They took money to pay their bills and buy food rapidly before their husbands returned from the sea.

At the beginning only a few people were interested in the race, but now quite a lot of people including children, teenagers and the old take part in it each year. It is watched by more than three thousand people. These days, the Pram Race has become more famous in the town. People can not only watch the exciting race, but also share their joy and friendship every year. If you want to watch the Pram Race, go to Hull.

(1)What do babies do while sitting in the prams?

A. They eat, drink or run.

B. They drink, laugh or sleep.

C. They run, walk or jump.

D. They sleep, eat or race.

(2)Who sits in the prams during the Pram Race?

A. Babies.

B. Children.

C. Teenagers.

D. Adults.

(3)What kind of town was Hull when the Pram Race started?

A. A fishing town.

B. A riding town.

C. A shopping town.

D. A running town.(4)Which of the following sentences is WRONG?

A. The Pram Race was not very popular at the beginning.

B. The Pram Race is held to raise money for the people in need.

C. People in the prams drink lots of water along the road while racing.

D. The fishermen's wives were busy with a lot of things every Friday afternoon

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文属于说明文阅读,作者通过这篇文章向我们介绍了婴儿车比赛,成年人坐在婴儿车中喝奶,这个比赛是为有需要的人筹集资金,例如,它有助于使残疾人士的轮椅免费。

(1)B 细节理解题,根据第一段They sit in the prams eating, drinking, laughing or sleeping.可知婴儿坐在婴儿车里的时候在吃,喝,笑,或者睡觉,故选B。

(2)D 细节理解题,根据第二段However, there aren't any babies in the prams, but adults instead. 可知参加婴儿车比赛的时候,婴儿车里坐的是成年人,故选D。

(3)A 细节理解题,根据第三段 It all started when Hull was a fishing town. Every Friday afternoon, fishermen's wives had to run, pushing the prams with their babies in. 可知在举行婴儿车比赛之前, Hull 是一个钓鱼的小镇,故选A。

(4)C 细节理解题,根据第二段They jump out of the prams and drink lots of milk on the table along the road. 可知在婴儿车里的人喝大量的奶,而不是题目中所说的水,故选C。【点评】文章细节的理解主要有一下几点:1.一一对应,题目的答案在文章中都能找到对应;2.语言转述,正确选项是原文的另类表达;3.语意理解,有些答案需要根据文章进行推理判断;4.对错辨别,一般为三误一正或三正一误。

例如第四小题为三正一误,通读第二段即可得出答案。

6.阅读理解

Last weekend, I took Lucy to a park, where she discovered a track with large bumps(凸块)and sharp tums. At first, I thought Lucy was able to ride her bike along the track, but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump.

Lucy looked at me with fear because she was still a biking newbie. I tried to encourage her too, but really, I was thinking﹣this is going to be a disaster. Not because I thought she would get hurt. More because I thought she wouldn't be able to pick up enough speed to balance, then get really discouraged, and give up quickly. I imagined her throwing her bicycle to the ground and then

crying all the way home.

But I was only half right. Lucy did have a lot of trouble riding the bike. She couldn't find her balance. She fell many times. At one point, she almost started crying because younger kids were getting angry that she was slowing everyone else down. But she did not give up. She kept picking herself up and trying again. She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground. When she felt more confident, she came back. Then she did it over and over again until she finally reached her goal of going around the whole track without falling once. Then she didn't want to leave and everyone was cheering her on.

This was not a day that ended in a disaster. It was a day when Lucy learned that perseverance pays off.

(1)Why was Lucy taken to the park last weekend?

A. TO play other kids.

B. To discover a track for fun.

C. To find her speed was too slow.

D. To ride her bike along the track.

(2)What does the underlined sentence probably mean in Paragraph 2?

A. Lucy would get hurt and cry all the way home.

B. Lucy would fear to ride the bike and get discouraged.

C. Lucy would lose balance and slow the younger kids down.

D. Lucy would have trouble riding the bike and give up soon.

(3)What did Lucy take the bike into the main park for ?

A. Being cheered on by everyone.

B. Getting practice in an easier way.

C. Feeling more confident and coming back.

D. Reaching her goal of riding the bike at once.

(4)Which one is the right order of the events?

a. Lucy fell and got up lots of times.

b. Lucy picked up speed on a flat ground.

C. Lucy found her bike was too low for the bumps.

d. Lucy rode her bike around the whole track without falling onc

e.

A. a﹣b﹣c﹣d.

B. c﹣b﹣a﹣d.

C. c﹣a﹣b﹣d.

D. a﹣C﹣b﹣d.(5)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Playing in the Park Is Fun

B. Perseverance Pays off

C. Don't Be Afraid of Fall in

D. Riding Bikes Is Art

【答案】(1)D

(2)D

(3)B

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:上周末,我带露西去了一个公园,起初,我以为露西能沿着跑道骑自行车,但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在颠簸的路面上。因为她还是个骑自行车的新手,我认为她很快就放弃了。但我只对了一半。露西骑自行车确实有很多

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