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中考英语阅读理解专题训练答案

一、中考英语阅读理解汇编

1.阅读下面的材料,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容。

中考英语阅读理解专题训练答案

More and more people are using mobile phones now. Smart phones are used as televisions, cameras, and music players. They are also used for sending e-mails or surfing the Internet. If someone talks about mobile phones, many Chinese will think of Huawei.

In China, even in the world, Huawei is a wonder (奇迹). Ren Zhengfei built up (创建)Huawei company in 1987. The company sold 58.4 million smart phones in the first season of 2019. Huawei has got the second place at the mobile market.

Now, Huawei has been the leader in 5G field. It has more than 75, 000 top engineers and scientists on research. They try their best to bring digital (数码) and high technology to every person and place. It's more convenient for modern people to live in a rapid way. What a useful technology 5G is!

We are looking forward to seeing a stronger Huawei. It provides a faster and better communication way for us. It also brings "Created in China" to the world.

(1)You can use Huawei mobile phones to take photos.

(2)Ren Zhengfei set up Huawei company in 1987.

(3)Huawei has got the first place at the mobile market.

(4)Few top engineers and scientists work on research in Huawei company.

(5)Huawei gives us a slower communication way.

【答案】(1)1

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文讲的是华为手机和5G技术的发展情况。

(1)细节理解题。根据Smart phones are used as televisions, cameras, and music players. 智能手机被用作电视、相机和音乐播放器。可知可以照相。故答案为:正确。

(2)细节理解题。根据Ren Zhengfei built up (创建) Huawei company in 1987。任正非于1987年创建华为公司。故答案为:正确。

(3)细节理解题。根据Huawei has got the second place at the mobile market. 华为在移动市场排名第二。故华为在移动市场上占据第一。故答案为:错误。

(4)细节理解题。根据It has more than 75, 000 top engineers and scientists on research. 它

拥有超过75000名顶尖工程师和研究科学家。故很少有顶尖工程师和科学家在华为公司从事研究工作。故答案为:错误。

(5)细节理解题。根据It's more convenient for modern people to live in a rapid way现代人快速生活更方便。故答案为:错误。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。这篇短文内容简单容易理解,我们先阅读短文,理解短文大意。然后仔细阅读短文,根据短文的细节判断问题的正误。

2.阅读理解

After a serious earthquake happened, a father left his wife safely at home and rushed to his son's school, only to find that the building where his son studied had collapsed and looked like a pancake (煎饼).

He was shocked. He didn't know what he should do for a while, then he remembered the words he had said to his son, "No matter what, I'll always be there for you!" And tears began to fill his eyes. He started digging through the ruins (废墟).

As he was digging, other helpless(无助的) parents and the firemen arrived and tried to pull him off the ruins, saying, "It's too late! They are all dead! There's nothing you can do!" To them he replied with one line, "Are you going to help me now?" And then he kept on digging.

No one helped, however. He went on along because he needed to know for himself, "Is my boy alive or is he dead?" He dug for eight hours. 12 hours. 36 hours. Then, in the 39th hour, he pulled back a rock and heard his son's words. He shouted his son's name, "ARMAND!" He heard back, "Dad?! It's me, Dad! I told the other kids not to worry. I told them that if you were alive, you'd save me and when you saved me, they'd be saved. You promised, 'No matter what happens, I'll always be there for you! 'You did it, Dad! "

"What's going on there? How is it?" the father asked.

"There are 14 of us left out of 33, Dad. We're frightened, hungry, thirsty and thankful you're here. When the building fell down, it made a triangle (三角形), and it saved us. "

"Come out, Boy!"

"No, Dad! Let the other kids out first, because I know you'll get me! No matter what happens, I know you'll always be there for me! "

(1)The underlined word "collapsed" probably means ________.

A. 倒塌

B. 摇晃

C. 耸立

D. 颠簸(2)Who came to help the father when he was digging?

A. His wife.

B. Other parents.

C. The firemen.

D. No one.(3)Other parents and the firemen wanted to pull the father off the ruins because they thought ________.

A. he was mad

B. all the children had died in the earthquake

C. he was too dangerous to others

D. it was not his job to dig

(4)How many students were still alive when the father found them in the ruins?

A. Fourteen.

B. Thirty-three.

C. Forty-seven.

D. Nineteen.(5)According to this passage, which sentence is right?

A. It took the father one day to find his son and other students.

B. His wife died in the earthquake.

C. His son was the last one to come out of the ruins.

D. The son didn't believe his father would come to save him.

【答案】 (1)A

(2)D

(3)B

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述地震后,面对变为废墟的学校,尽管其他家长都劝他放弃和他人帮助,父亲还是徒手挖出了他的儿子和其他的学生。正是他对儿子的话,让他的儿子和其他人坚持到了最后,创造了奇迹。

(1)词义猜测题。根据 looked like a pancake 看起来像煎饼,可知建筑物坍塌, 毁掉了,像一张饼,collapse 的是坍塌的意思,故选A 。

(2)细节题。根据 No one helped ,可知父亲挖掘时没人帮助他,故选D 。

(3)细节题。根据 It's too late! They're all dead! There's nothing you can do 太晚了!他们都死了!你无能为力,可知其他父母和消防员想把父亲从废墟中救出,因为他们认为所有的孩子都死于地震,故选B 。

(4)细节题。根据 There are 14 of us left out of 33,33人还剩下14人 ,可知14个学生活着,故选A 。

(5)推理题。根据 No, Dad! Let the other kids out first 不,爸爸!先让其他孩子出去,可知他的儿子是最后一个走出废墟的人,故选C 。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意。

3.阅读理解 HISTORY of Hot Dog

The 1600s A German called Johann Georghehner created the "dachshund" sausage. "Dachshund" is a German small long thin dog. The 1860s

The very first hot dog-the "dachshund"

sausage in a roll -was sold by Germans in New

York. It became popular in the US later. HOT DOG FUN FACTS

World record for eating hot dogs: 73 in ten

minutes.

Hot dogs were one of the first foods eaten on the moon!

1871 Charles Feltman, a German, started the first Coney Island hot dog stand. It made hot dogs

known to more people.

1893

Chris Von Der Ahe started the American tradition of eating hot dogs at baseball parks, making hot dogs more popular. 1901 A New York cartoonist. Tad Dorgan, saw the red hot "dachshund sausages sold on streets. He

wanted to draw a picture of it, but he wasn't sure

how to spell "dachshund, so he simply wrote:

Hot Dog". It is widely believed how Hot Dog had

its name.

1949.

The first vegetarian hot dogs came out. About 150 million hot dogs are eaten by Americans each July 4th.

About 21 million hot dogs were sold at American baseball parks in 2010.New Yorkers eat more hot dogs than any other city population in the US.

A. 1871

B. 1893

C. 1901

D. 1949

(2)It's believed that the name "Hot Dog" was created by____________.

A. Tad Dorgan

B. Charles Feltman

C. Chris Von Der Ahe

D. Johann Georghehner

(3)What can we know about hot dogs from the passage?

A. New yorkers like eating hot dogs most in the World.

B. Germans eat about 150 million hot dogs each July 4th

C. A world record says someone ate 73 hot dogs in 10 minutes.

D. About 21 million hot dogs were sold in America in the 1860s.

【答案】 (1)B

(2)C

(3)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了热狗的历史。

(1)细节题。根据1893Chris Von Der Ahe started the American tradition of eating hot dogs at baseball parks, making hot dogs more popular ,可知美国人在1893年开始了在棒球场吃热狗的传统,故选B 。

(2)推理题。根据 so he simply wrote: Hot Dog". It is widely believed how Hot Dog had its name. 所以他简单地写道:热狗”。人们普遍认为热狗是如何得名的 ,可知 人们相信“热狗”这个名字是由Chris Von Der Ahe 创造的,故选C 。

(3)推理题。根据Yorkers eat more hot dogs than any other city population in the US 纽约人吃的热狗比美国任何其他城市人口都多 ,可知纽约人最喜欢吃热狗 , 故选A 。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

4.阅读理解

Parents can be very important teachers in our lives. However, they are not always the best teachers. Parents may be too close to their children emotionally(情感上). Sometimes they can only see their children through the eyes of a protector. For example, a teacher might see a trip to a big city as a valuable experience. However, it might seem too dangerous to a parent.

Another problem is that parents may expect their children's interests to be similar to their own.

If they love science, they may try to force(强迫) their child to love science, too. But what if their child's true love is art writing, or car repair?

Parents usually want to pass on their values to their children. But should children always believe what their parents do? When children are young, they believe that their parents are always right. But when they get older, they will have different ways of thinking.

The most important thing to realize is that we all have many teachers in our lives. Our parents teach us, our teachers teach us, and our friends teach us. Books, newspapers and television also teach us. All of them are valuable.

(1)________might see a trip to a big city as a valuable experience, according to the passage.

A. A parent.

B. Either a teacher or a parent.

C. A teacher.

D. Neither a teacher nor a parent.

(2)The underlined phrase "pass on" in the 3rd paragraph means________.

A. 路过

B. 继承

C. 传递

D. 领悟

(3)When children get older, they________.

A. don't believe their parents any more

B. should always believe what their parents do

C. believe that their parents are always right

D. begin to have their own ways of thinking

(4)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Never grow up

B. Believe your parents forever

C. Are parents always the best teachers?

D. How many teachers can we have in our lives

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要讲述了作者很高兴与父母的关系很好,同时讲述了

父母是孩子生活中最重要的老师。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段最后两句:a teacher might see a trip to a big city as a valuable experience. 可知老师可能会认为去大城市旅行是一次宝贵的经历,故正确答案是C。

(2)词义猜测题。根据后面句子But should children always believe what their parents do?

但是孩子们应该永远相信他们的父母吗?前面应该父母传递他们的思想给孩子,故正确答

案是C。

(3)细节理解题。根据短文第三段最后一句But when they get older,they will have different ways of thinking.可知,孩子长大后有了自己的思维了,故正确答案为D。

(4)标题归纳题。根据第一段Parents can be very important teachers in our

lives.However,they are not always the best teachers. Parents may be too close to their children emotionally. Sometimes they can only see their children through the eyes of a protector. For example, a teacher might see a trip to a big city as a valuable experience. However,it might seem too dangerous to a parent. 本文围绕"父母会是我们生活中很重要的老师,但是他们不是最好的老师。"展开叙述,说明了人生不同阶段中,父母对孩子的不同影响。故正确答案为C,父母一直是最好的老师吗?

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.请阅读下面短文,从每小段所给的A、B、C 三个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

I'm writing this article in China, far away from my home in the United States. You might wonder what I do to remember my mom on Mother's Day. Well, I certainly call her to say "Happy Mother's Day" and promise that I will visit home soon.

I still remember the first time I forget Mother's Day. When I finally figured it out, I asked, "Why does mom get a special holiday? Why isn't there a Children's Day for us?

My mom explained, in that way that only moms seem to be able in explain, "Because every day is Children's Day!"

I knew that I had messed up. I thought about all the time and love my mom had given me. I thought about the food she had made, the toys she had brought and the long hours she had spent with me. There might not be a perfect mom, but there is mom's love, which can fix anything. After that day, for 364 days, I was looking forward to the next Mother's Day.

That was the first year l forgot Mother's Day. It was also the last year I forgot.

Are you struggling to consider what to do for your mom on Mother's Day?

Common things are to write a message that thanks for the love she has given you, send her a card or buy her a gift. But the most important thing is - DON'T FORGET!

(1)How does the writer celebrate Mother's Day this year?

A. He calls his mom.

B. He send his mom a card.

C. He visits home to see his mom.

(2)What might the underlined phrase "figure out" means?

A. 弄清楚

B. 预料到

C. 归纳出

(3)Why did the writer begin to expect Mother's Day?

A. Because he missed his mom far in the United States.

B. Because he wanted to spend more time with his mom.

C. Because he realized he had got much care from his mom.

(4)What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To explain why there isn't a Children's Day

B. To advise us not to forget to keep our own promises.

C. To remind us to remember the love mom has given us.

(5)Which is the best title for the passage?

A. An Interesting Talk

B. An Important Day

C. An Expensive Gift

【答案】(1)A

(2)A

(3)C

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:母爱的伟大的,我们要时刻记着,尤其是当母亲节到来的时候,给她一身问候,或者一张贺卡表达你对母亲的关爱,千万不要忘了。

(1)细节理解题,根据Well, l certainly call her to say “Happy Mother's Day”可知,作者给妈妈打电话祝贺。故答案是A。

(2)词义猜测题,由第二段段意可知,作者忘记母亲节了,后来________后,我对妈妈发问。将选项带进去可知,填“弄清楚”最合适。故答案是A。

(3)细节理解题,根据 expect Mother's Day 可以定位到 After that day,for 364 days,I was looking forward to the next Mother's Day. 往前找答案,可以总结出妈妈给了作者很多关爱,故答案是C。

(4)细节理解题,根据 Common things are to write a message that thanks for the love she has given you, send her a card or buy her a gift. But the most important thing is 一DON'T FORGET!可知,作者建议我们不要忘记母亲节,记得妈妈给我们的爱。故答案是B。

(5)标题判断题,全篇围绕母亲节这一节日话题展开,所以选An Important Day。故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、词义猜测题和标题判断题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定单词的意思;标题判断题需要在充分理解文章的基础上,总结中心思想,凝练句式,最终确定答案。

6.阅读理解

Zumba For Kids

IWA KidzVenture Club Event

Enrol your kids for a fun dance party set to hip-hop, salsa(萨尔萨舞) and more ...

Achieve confidence building, teamwork, leadership, memory and creativity while learning difficult rhythms around the world.

For Whom: Kids of age 5-10 years

When: 5 June 2019 4-5pm

Where: A&J Creative Danceworld 18 cross street

What to Wear: Sportswear with socks & sports shoes, water bottles

FREE Event. For Few IWA Members' Kids

Contact Free tickets@ iwasingapore. org/events for Free Tickets No Later Than 29 May 2019

Admission

$3 Per Person;

$2.5 Per Person for a Group of 4 & More;

$2.3 Per Person for a Group of 10 & More.

Interested? Register@iwasingapore.org/events or

Fill out an application(申请表) on site or

Call at 66413982

Questions? Questions@iwasingapore.org/events

(1)Who can join in the club event .

A. Dance lovers.

B. Hip﹣hop stars.

C. Kids aged 5﹣10.

D. Parents interested in the club event.

(2). Where is the club?

A. In Singapore.

B. In UK.

C. In China.

D. In Australia.

(3)A group of 10 kids will go to the club with a free ticket, they should pay in total. A. $27 B. $22.5 C. $20.7 D. $20

(4)How can you join in the club event?

A. Fill in an application online.

B. Mail to Register@ iwasingapore.org/events.

C. Mail to Questions@ iwasingapore.org/events.

D. Mail to Free tickets@ iwasingapore. org/events.

(5)Which one is TRUE according to the ad.?

A. Kids may wear casual clothes to the club event.

B. If you want to get more information, call at 66413982.

C. IWA Members kids do not have to pay for the club event.

D. Through the club event, kids may learn to cooperate with others.

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意: Zumba For Kids IWA KidzVenture Club Event 的广告,活动面向的对象,活动时间,活动地点,穿什么样的服装,以及门票的价格等。

(1)细节理解题,根据原文, for whom: kids of age 5﹣10. 对象是5﹣10岁的孩子,故答案是C.

(2)细节理解题,根据原文,从Register@iwasingapore. org/events中可以推断出这是新加坡的邮箱,可知它的地址是在新加坡,故答案是A.

(3)细节理解题,根据原文, $2.3 per person for a group of ten &more.10个人以上的,那么就2.3美金一位,结合题目,有一张免费票,那么就是2.3x9=20.7,所以需要20.7美金,故答案选C。

(4)细节理解题,根据原文, Register@iwasingapore. org/events or fill out an application on site. 发邮件或者在现场填一份申请表,故答案是B。

(5)细节理解题,根据原文,Interested对应信息中有提到,call at 66413982. 可知需要更多信息可以打这个电话。故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解题,本文涉及到了细节理解题,细节理解体比较简单,可知直接从文章中找到答案。

7.阅读理解

A young man with a large bag on his back came far away for a master (大师). He said "Master, I'm so lonely and so painful that the long trip makes me tired out, my shoes worn-out, my feet cut, and my hands also injured an bleeding .... Why can't I find the sun in the heart?"

The master asked, "What do you put in you large bag?"

The young man said, "It is very important to me, inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... Depending on it, I can come to you here."

So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat. On the other side of the river, the master said, "Hurry on your journey carrying the boat!"

"What, carrying the boat?" the young man was surprised, "it is so heavy. How can I carry it?"

"Yes, my son, you can't carry it," the master just smiled and said, "when you cross the river, the boat is useful. But after crossing it, you will put down the boat and hurry on, If not, it will become a burden (负担). Pain, loneliness and tears—all these are useful to life. They can improve life, but if you don't forget them all the time, they will become the burden in life. Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden," The young man put down his bag and hurried on. He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.

(1)What do the underlined words "the sun" probably mean?

A. Health.

B. Wealth.

C. Success.

D. Happiness.

(2)What's in his large bag?

A. Clothes, tears and food.

B. Pain, tears and trouble.

C. Clothes, food and water.

D. Pain, water and trouble.

(3)How did they cross the river?

A. By boat.

B. On foot.

C. By swimming.

D. Across the bridge.

(4)Why did the master ask him to carry the boat?

A. To teach him to improve his life.

B. To tell him the boat is very useful.

C. To tell him the boat is very important.

D. To teach him to put down his burden.

(5)How did the young man feel after he put down his bag at last?

A. Awful.

B. Painful.

C. Relaxed.

D. Surprised.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述疼痛,孤独和泪水都对我们很有用,它们可以改善我们的生活,但是如果一直不能忘记,它们就会成为我们生活中的负担,因此要学会适当的放弃负担的故事。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Why can't I find the sun in the heart?" inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,为什么我心

中不能发现太阳,在它里面是我每次摔跤的痛苦,受伤的泪水孤独时的忧愁,可推出the sun在此处的意思是“不开心”,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,他袋子里装了痛苦,眼泪和忧愁,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat.可知,他们坐船过河,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden,可知,通过背着船过河是为了教他放弃负担。故选D。

(5)推断题。根据He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.可知,他放下包后感到轻松。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、推断题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;词句猜测题需要联系上下文,推出词句的意思。

8.阅读理解

Mr. Harris taught sixth-grade science. On the first day of class, he gave us a talk about an animal called" birdcat", which died out during the Ice Age. He passed around a skull(头骨) as he talked. We all took notes carefully and later we had a test.

When he returned my paper the next day, there was a big red"×" through each of my answers. I failed! There must be some mistakes! I wrote down exactly(确切地)what Mr. Harris had said. Then I learned that everyone in the class had failed. Why? "Very simple, "Mr. Harris said, "I made up all that 'birdcat'. But there had never been any such animal. So the information in your notes was not correct. Did you think you would get good grades for that?"

However, we felt that was unfair. What kind of a test was this? And what kind of a teacher was he?

Mr. Harris added, "I have told you many unbelievable things about this animal, such as the size, the color, but none of you have questioned. I hope you will learn something from this lesson. Teachers and textbooks are not always correct. In fact no one is." He also told us not to let our minds go to sleep, and to speak up if we thought he or the textbook was wrong.

Up to now Mr. Harris' class gave me and my classmates something just as important: to look people in the eye and tell them they are wrong.

(1)In fact, the "birdcat" is the animal that .

A. looks like a bird or a cat

B. has never been on the earth

C. died out long long ago

D. has a big skull

(2)Everyone failed the science test because .

A. they didn't answer all the questions

B. they didn't answer the paper as Mr. Harris said

C. the information in their answers was wrong

D. Mr. Harris made some mistakes

(3)The underlined part "let our minds go to sleep" means .

A. have a sleep

B. think over

C. write down

D. stop thinking

(4)We can learn from this passage that .

A. Mr. Harris was the only person who found the animal "birdcat"

B. the writer and his classmates didn't take notes carefully in class

C. we should speak out against what we don't believe

D. teachers and textbooks are usually incorrect

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文主要通过老师一节课上故意给出错误的信息,而同学们自己没有质疑,紧接着进行一次考试,同学们以为考得好,但实际上所有人都没有及格的这样一次考试经历,说明了一个道理:教师和教科书并不总是正确的,遇到疑问时不要让我们的大脑进入睡眠状态而要大声说出来。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Mr. Harris said, "I made up all that 'birdcat'. But there had never been any such animal. 理解可知,这种动物在地球上根本不存在,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据第三段The information in our notes was therefore incorrect.Did you think you would get good marks for incorrect answers?"我们笔记中的信息是不正确的,你认为你会因为不正确答案而得到好分数吗?"故选C。

(3)推理理解题。根据第五段He told us not to let our minds go to sleep and to speak up if we ever thought he or the textbook was wrong.他告诉我们,如果我们认为他或教科书是错的,就不要让我们的大脑进入睡眠状态并大声说出来.意思与D项吻合,故选D。

(4)主旨理解题。根据文中语句 I hope you will learn something from this lesson. Teachers and textbooks are not always correct. In fact no one is." He also told us not to let our minds go to sleep, and to speak up if we thought he or the textbook was wrong.理解可知,我们应该大声说出自己的疑问,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

9.阅读理解

One day an Australian farmer Joe saw a bright light in the sky. The light came nearer and nearer and suddenly Joe saw that it was a spaceship. The spaceship landed in a field quickly.

The door of the spaceship opened and two strange beings climbed out. Joe was afraid of them. He tried to run away. But the spacemen walked towards him, picked him up and carried him into the spaceship. They put wires from a machine onto his head and then they could speak to him in English.

They asked him questions about the Earth. "We're from Venus(金星)," they said, "but it is getting very hot there. A lot of our people are dying and we haven't much time left. We are trying to find a new home."

After some time they freed Joe and at last the spaceship took off and could not be seen.

Joe told his friends about the spacemen, but no one believed his story." You'll believe me one day, "Joe told them." The spacemen will come back..."

(1)The bright light in the sky was .

A. the sun

B. a spaceship

C. a shining bird

D. Venus

(2)The strange beings came to the Earth to .

A. visit Joe

B. catch Joe

C. find a new home

D. live with Joe

(3)Joe was the spaceship.

A. carried into

B. asked into

C. not afraid of

D. happy to get into

(4)The strange beings before they let him go.

A. had asked Joe several questions

B. had given Joe some wires

C. had asked Joe to mend their machine

D. had given Joe a lot of money

(5)People didn't believe Joe because .

A. he told a lie

B. they didn't welcome the strange beings

C. they wanted to see the strange beings very much

D. they hadn't seen the strange beings before

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)A

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了澳大利亚农民Joe告诉朋友们他看见了太空人。

(1)细节题。根据suddenly Joe saw that it was a spaceship.可知是太空飞船,故选B。(2)细节题。根据We are trying to find a new home.可知奇怪的人努力找到一个新家,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据But the spacemen walked towards him, picked him up and carried him into the spaceship.可知Joe被太空人带到太空飞船里,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据They asked him questions about the Earth.可知怪人问了Joe几个问题,故选A。

(5)细节题。根据Joe told his friends about the spacemen, but no one believed his story." You'll believe me one day, "Joe told them." The spacemen will come back..."可知Joe的朋友不相信的原因是他们没有见过太空人,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

10.阅读理解

Art Training Course

Do you want to get $ 75~$ 200 each hour? You will get good jobs if you spend only a week on our courses about ads, TV programs, films and fashion.

Website: www. awardmakeupschool. com

Telephone number: 310—364—0665

Teaching English Overseas

A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague. It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.

Cost: $ 1,300 per month

Website: www.teflworldwideprague.com

Looking for a Roommate

I'm Mary. I have a house with three bedrooms. There are many things in it, like a TV, a washing machine and a fridge. You only need to pay $ 200 for it each month. And it includes the cost of surfing the Internet. There are two rules for you to obey: You mustn't make lots of noise in the house and you must keep the house clean.

E-mail: www.room.to.rent@hotmail. com

A. $75

B. $ 200

C. $ 1,300

D. $ 2,600

(2)Mary's house provides the following things EXCEPT __________.

A. a computer

B. a TV

C. a fridge

D. a washing machine

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The cost of the art training course is $ 75 each hour.

B. People should pay $ 1,300 for the language course each week.

C. If you often surf the Internet, you'd better not rent Mary's house.

D. People who want to live in Mary's house should pay $ 1,200 half a year.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)D

【解析】【分析】(1)细节理解题。根据文中的表格二Teaching English Overseas A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague.It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.Cost:1300per month可知学习英语每个人每个月1300元,两个月就是2600元,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三There are many things in it,like a TV,a washing machine and a fridge.可知房子里有电视,洗衣机和冰箱,没有提到电脑,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三You only need to pay 200for it each month可知一间卧室月租是200,半年就是200X6=1200,所以要想成为玛丽的合租室友,半年要付1200,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

11.阅读理解

Please Take my Children to Work Day(PTCW Day) first began as a holiday for hard-working and tired stay-at-home mothers to take a day off. Now, this day is fit for any parent. It was created in 2003 and is celebrated each year on June 25, but it isn't a public holiday. It encourages friends

and family to take care of the children so that the stay-at-home parent can have some time to relax.

Kamehameha Day is held on June 11 each year. Kamehameha the Great was the monarch(君主) of Hawaii. He is famous and respected for establishing(建立) the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810.Kamehameha Day is a public holiday in Hawaii, and this is a day off for people School and most businesses are closed.

D-Day is celebrated in the U.S. to memorize the Normandy landings in France on June 6, 1944. On the day, American army and other Allied forces(盟军) fought hard and the World War Ⅱ(WWⅡ) in Europe was over soon. It is not a public holiday. Businesses have normal opening hours.

Flag Day is celebrated on June 14 each year to honor the United States flag. On the same day, the United States Army celebrates its birthday. Although Flag Day is a great celebration across the country, it is not a public holiday.

(1)If you are a stay﹣at﹣home parent, what can you do to relax on PTCW Day?

A. Take a day off.

B. Go to work earlier.

C. Look after children.

D. Do some housework.(2)Which is a public holiday?

A. PTCW Day.

B. Kamehameha Day.

C. D﹣Day.

D. Flag Day.(3)When is the United States Amy's birthday?

A. On June 6.

B. On June 11.

C. On June 14.

D. On June 25.

(4)What can we know about D﹣Day?

A. It is celebrated in France.

B. The WWⅡ ended before 1944.

C. Businesses are closed for it.

D. The Normandy landings happened in 1944.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】大意:本文分别讲述了Work Day, Kamehameha Day, D﹣Day和Flag Day 等节日时间,以及它们的意义。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一句Please Take my Children to Work Day(PTCW Day)first began as a holiday for hard﹣working and tired stay-at-home mothers to take a day off. "带孩子工作日"(PTCW日)最初是作为一个在家里劳累的妈妈们休息一天的节日。可知,这一天妈妈们可以休息一天,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据第二段Kamehameha Day is held on June 11 each year. Kamehameha Day is a public holiday in Hawaii,and this is a day off for people School.卡美哈美哈日每年6月11日举行。卡美哈美哈日是夏威夷的公共假日,这是人民学校的休息日。可知,卡美哈美哈日是个公共假期,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据最后一段Flag Day is celebrated on June 14 each year to honor the United States flag On the same day,the United States Army celebrates its birthday,国旗日是

每年6月14日庆祝美国国旗的同一天,美国陆军庆祝其生日,可知,美国陆军是6月14日,故选C。

(4)细节理解题。根据第三段D-Day is celebrated in the U. S. to memorize the Normandy landings in France on June 6,1944.1944年6月6日,在美国庆祝诺曼底登陆日,纪念诺曼底登陆法国。可知,诺曼底登陆是在1944年,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案。

12.阅读理解

Some researchers explain how most people form their social groups with people of their age. Especially, as children and teenagers, even adults, people make their friends based on proximity (邻近)more than anything else. Even in a college classroom, the students may not make friends with those who have similar personalities and interests. It's the people they really sit next to. Clearly, who stands to you has the greatest influence on you. As Jim Rohn has widely said. "You are average (平均) of five people you spend the most little with."

Over the past ten months, I've paid Ryan, it Famous writer of several bestselling books, to help with the book I'm writing. Working with him has shown me just how low my standards for my work are. For example, every time I send him a drab (草稿), he shows me how it could be 10 times better, and he holds me to that standard.

▲ It's because that I don't know what I don't know. Working with Ryan has made me realize what is possible and what it takes to create something powerful.

Like Ryan, my business partner Richard has wonderful ideas and far different experience than I have. He has written 36 New York Times Bestsellers. He's been speaking and doing events for 20 years. Richard always performs at high levels, and he is also very strict with me because my performance is a reflection (反映) on him. It's not a bad thing because it creates high pressure (压力) to help me make great progress in organizing author training.

In a word, you need to stay with those people who can help you realize your level and potential. Staying with people who have higher standards is the fastest way for you to change. If you don't change your environment, your progress will be very slow. Who you stay with has huge importance. You can't ignore this.

(1)Why did the writer quote (引用) Jim Rohn's words in Paragraph 1?

A. To support the writer's opinion.

B. To introduce the writer's best friend.

C. To show Jim Rohn's working ability.

D. To prove Jim Rohn is a great person.

(2)Which of the following can be put at the beginning of Paragraph 3?

A. It's not that my workmates' abilities are low.

B. It's not that my working ability was born low.

C. It's not that' e friends based on proximity.

D. It's not that I've paid Ryan to help me with my book.

(3)What does the underlined word "it" in Paragraph 4 refer to (指代)?

A. The writer's performance.

B. Jim Rohn's famous saying.

C. Richard's different experience.

D. Richard's strictness with the writer.

(4)The writer mainly wants to tell us that ________________.

A. we can improve our working abilities by ourselves

B. we must pay attention to our talent and potential

C. we'd better make friends with those who can hold us to higher levels

D. we should stay with those who have similar personalities and interests

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文讲的是你身边的人对你的影响很大,如果你想取得更的的进步,你就要和很优秀的人在一起,他能帮你实现你的目标和挖掘你的潜力。(1)推理判断题。 "You are average (平均) of five people you spend the most little with." 一个人就是你花费最多时间在一起的五个人的平均水平。根据下文内容讲的是你周围人对你的影响很大。可知作者在第一段引用Jim Rohn 的话很显然是为了支持自己的观点。故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据 It's because that I don't know what I don't know. Working with Ryan has made me realize what is possible and what it takes to create something powerful. 这是因为我不只是我不懂什么。和Ryan在一起使我意识到什么是可能的,它要花费什么来创造有能力的东西。可知我的工作能力不是生来就低。故选B。

(3)词意推测题。根据 he is also very strict with me.他对我也很严格,正是这种严格给我更高的压力,让我进步。可知it指的是对我的严格要求,故选D。

(4)主旨大意题。通过全文的理解可知知,本文的主旨就是建议我们多和优秀的人接触,从而帮助自己优秀。故选C。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。此题考查细节理解。推理判断,词意猜测和主旨大意题。对于细节理解可知直接从短文中找出问题答案。对于推理判断题,要根据作者饿观点和文章的细节内容进行仔细推理,从而找出问题正确答案。对于主旨大意题要根据文章的主题句进行确定。

13.阅读理解

When I saw Ronny for the first time, he looked like other kids in the first-grade classroom where I volunteered as a Reading Mom. However, he usually arrived at school wearing old clothes. On the day when it was Ronny's turn to read. He sat very close to me. I watched his fingers move slowly under each letter as "he tried to speak out "Bud the Sub". It sounded more like "Baw Daw Saw" when he said it because of his difficulty with the alphabet (字母).

The year passed quickly and Ronny had made some progress but he was still below the level of grade. A few weeks before the school year ended, I held an award(颁奖) ceremony. I had gifts and certificates(证书)for everyone. It took me a while to think about which Ronny fit; I believed the gift could cheer him up. I finally decided on "The Most Progressive Reader". I showed his certificate and a book.

A few days later, I saw Ronny reading the book when I went back to the school. His teacher said,

"He hasn't put that book down. That's the first book he's ever owned. "

Fighting back tears(眼泪)I came near Ronny and asked, "Will you read me your book, Ronny?" He nodded.

And then, for the next few minutes, he read to me more smoothly than I'd ever thought. When he finished reading, Ronny closed his book and said, "Good book."

At that moment, I knew I should do what an author(作家) had done-care children and make them excellent.

(1)The writer found that there was something wrong with Ronny's .

A. eyes

B. talent

C. pronunciation

D. fingers

(2)The writer praised Ronny at the end of the school year because in the class.

A. he tried to do better

B. he could read the alphabet best

C. he was above the level of grade

D. he did as well as the other students

(3)The underlined phrase "fighting back (tears)"in the fifth paragraph means .

A. beginning to cry silently

B. turning back to cry loudly

C. being filled with sad tears

D. trying hold not to show the feeling

(4)The writer was moved so deeply that she wanted to .

A. help more children become successful

B. take care of Ronny all the time

C. teach children in the school as a teacher

D. write more novels for children

(5)Choose the main idea of this article .

A. Many children aren't cared in some schools.

B. Children should be encouraged in their study.

C. Most children like to read if they have good books.

D. All the authors can be good teachers in primary schools.

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)D

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者在帮助Ronny读书识字的过程中,被这个孩子努力学习的态度深深地打动。

(1)细节题。根据 I watched his fingers move slowly under each letter as "he tried to speak out "Bud the Sub". It sounded more like "Baw Daw Saw" when he said it because of his difficulty with the alphabet 我看着他的手指在每一封信下面慢慢移动,他试图说出“萌芽状态”。这听起来更像是“baw daw saw ”,因为他在字母表上有困难,可知作者发现罗尼的发音有问题,故选C。

(2)推理题。根据 I finally decided on "The Most Progressive Reader 我最终决定了最进步的读者,可知作者在学年结束时表扬了罗尼,因为他试图做得更好,故选A。

(3)词义猜测题。根据fight,打架,back,反面,根据tears眼泪,可知此处表示忍住眼泪,下划线短语的意思是尽量不要表露这种感觉,故选D。

(4)推理题。根据 I knew I should do what an author(作家) had done-care children and make them excellent 我知道我应该做一个作家,照顾好孩子,让他们变得优秀,可知,这位作家被深深地感动了,她想帮助更多的孩子成功,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据本文介绍了作者在帮助Ronny读书识字的过程中,被这个孩子努力学习的态度深深地打动,根据 At that moment, I knew I should do what an author(作家) had done-care children and make them excellent ,可知,应该鼓励孩子们学习,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题和主旨题四种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.根据短文内容,判断正误。

Riding a Mobike on the street. You might hear some people speaking Chinese aloud. Turning to the right, you see a Sichuan-style restaurant. After walking into a store, you see that Huawei smartphones are on sale.

But you are not in China—You are in Manchester in Britain. You might see similar things in many other cities. Chinese products have been going global (世界性的).

Chinese food has been enjoyed in Western countries for a long time. To meet local people's tastes, Chinese restaurants have made some changes to the dishes. For example, Chinese people like to eat meat with the bone in, but Western people don't. So Chinese restaurants provide big pieces of meat without bones, even for fish.

Some Chinese brands are also becoming more popular. In many cities in Europe, stores sell TCL televisions, Haier fridges and Lenovo computers.

More than half of the US-owned drones(无人机)are Chinese models. They're not only made in China, but also designed and developed in the country.

In the past, most Western people thought Chinese products were cheap and unreliable(不可靠的). But now, things have changed greatly. "Made in China" becomes cool.

(1)We can see more people use Chinese products in Western countries now.

(2)Chinese restaurants provide meat with bones to meet local people's tastes.

(3)More than 50% of the US-owned drones are designed, developed and made in China.

(4)In the past , most Western people thought Chinese products were unable to be trusted. (5)This article is about the disadvantages of Chinese products.

【答案】(1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了有关中国元素的很多东西。

(1)根据You might hear some people speaking Chinese aloud. Turning to the right, you see a Sichuan-style restaurant. After walking into a store, you see that Huawei smartphones are on sale可能会听到一些人大声说中文。向右拐,你会看到一家川菜餐馆。走进商店后,你会看到华为智能手机正在出售可知,我们现在可以看到西方国家越来越多的人使用中国产品是对的,故是正确。

(2)根据So Chinese restaurants provide big pieces of meat without bones所以中国餐馆提供大块无骨肉可知,中国餐馆提供带骨头的肉来满足当地人的口味是错的,故是错误。

(3)根据More than half of the US-owned drones(无人机)are Chinese models可知超过50%的美国无人驾驶飞机是在中国设计、开发和制造的,故是正确。

(4)根据In the past, most Western people thought Chinese products were cheap and unreliable可知过去,大多数西方人认为中国产品不可信,故是正确。

(5)根据Made in China" becomes cool.“中国制造”变得很酷可知这篇文章是关于中国产品的缺点是错的,故是错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。注意从文中寻找答案,推断出需要的信息。

15.阅读理解

In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员)at a high school camp. On the first day, when we were dancing and playing games, I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin. His shyness made him appear weak. I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people. He quietly replied, "No, I really don't want to do this." I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn't be right to force him either. Actually, the boy didn't need a close talk but a friend.

At lunch the next day, I was leading camp songs when I saw the boy under the tree sitting alone.

I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again. That evening I was told the boy's name was Tommy. Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.

The days went by and the time came when we had to leave. We held a big, warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp. All the campers shared their wonderful moments. To my surprise, I found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls. I couldn't believe it was the same person.

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