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中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文内容理解选择正确答案。

A

According to a new survey, students’ safety has become a big problem. Nearly 50% of students say they are worried about robbery on the way to and from school. Now in main big cities in China, some schools have taught an unusual lesson: self-protection. Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.

Chen Haoyu, a teacher at Beijing No. 25 Middle School, gives young students advice on how to deal with danger.

★If you are robbed

Keep calm. lf you can not cry for help or run away. Give the robber your money. Try to remember what the robber looks like and tell the police later.

★If you are in a traffic accident

If a car hits you. You should remember the car number. If it is a bicycle, try to call your parents before you let the rider go. This is because you don't know how seriously you are hurt

★If it is raining hard and there is lighting

Don't stay in high places and stay away from trees.

★When there is a fire

Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.

★If someone is drowning

If you can't swim, don't get into the water. Cry out for help.

Remember that danger is never as far away as you think. Take care of yourself at all time! (1)Why do students like the self-protection lesson?

①Because there are no tests.

②Because the lessons are boring

③Because they can learn how to save lives.

④Because they can know how to stop danger b efore it happens.

A. ①②

B. ②③

C. ①②④

D. ①③④

(2)What will you do if a bicycle hurts you?

A. I will remember the bicycle number.

B. I won't let the rider go until I call my parents.

C. I will let the rider go before I call my parents.

D. I will let the rider go because I know how seriously I am hurt.

(3)lf your house is on fire, you must__________.

A. put dry things on your body

B. run quickly and take the lift

C. run away and find an exit as quickly as you can

D. take everything you have and then run away

(4)There are ________ways of self-protection mentioned in the passage.

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

(5)The best title for this passage is _________.

A. How to Keep Calm

B. Self-protection

C. An usual lesson

D. Danger

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】据调查,学生的安全是一个大问题,现在很多学校开设特殊的安全课。一位来自北京25中的老师给我们介绍的几点遇到危险时的正确做法。发生交通事故时首先要记下车号码,有闪电的时候不要使用手机不要看电视,发生火灾时要及时逃生,有人溺水时要呼救,遇到抢劫时要保持冷静等等。

⑴细节理解。根据第一段 Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.可知学生喜欢这个课时因为没有考试,不无聊,可以学习如何救命,知道怎样预防危险。故选D。

⑵细节理解。根据 If it is a bicycle, try to call your parents before you let the rider go. 可知被自行车撞了给父母打电话来了才能让肇事者离开。故选B。

⑶细节理解。根据 Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.可知家里着火要尽快离开,把东西打湿披在身上,别乘电梯。故选C。

⑷细节理解题。通过阅读可知,文中提到了5种自保方式,发生交通事故时首先要记下车号码,有闪电的时候不要使用手机不要看电视,发生火灾时要及时逃生,有人溺水时要呼救,遇到抢劫时要保持冷静。故选C。

⑸主旨大意。本文讲述学生学习遇到危险时如何自保。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.阅读理解

Will it matter if you don't take your breakfast?A short time ago, a test was given in the United States. People of different ages, from 12 to 83, were asked to have a test. During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Scientists wanted to see how. Well their bodies worked when they had eaten different kinds of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast. If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.

The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose weight. This is because people become so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch. They

will gain weight instead of losing it. You will lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.(1)During the test, the people were given .

A. no breakfast at all

B. different foods or nothing

C. too much food

D. little food for breakfast

(2)The results show that .

A. breakfast has a great effect on work and studies

B. breakfast has little to do with a person's work

C. a person will work better if he or she only has fruit and milk

D. girl students should have little for breakfast

(3)According to the passage, some people think that if you don't have breakfast you will .

A. be healthier

B. work better

C. lose weight

D. lose your way (4)The underlined word "reduce" in the last sentence means" "in Chinese.

A. 增加

B. 减少

C. 放弃

D. 享用

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文中通过一个调查,讲述了吃早饭对人们工作、身体状况的影响,以及合理吃早饭的好处。

(1)细节理解题。根据During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all.可知参加测试的人有时吃丰富的早饭,有时不吃早饭。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中第二段The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast.If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.可知吃不吃早餐对人们的学习和工作影响很大,对身体状况影响也非常大,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据第三段The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose weight.可知一些人认为不吃早饭能减肥,故选C。(4)词意猜测题。根据lose more weight ,可知是减重,根据常识可知减重需要减少饭量,因此reduce的意思是减少,故选B。

【点评】本题考查阅读理解,考查了细节理解题和词意猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,并根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行推理,归纳,从而选出正确答案。

3.阅读理解

It's 10 am on a school day morning in Shanghai and students are standing in lines on the playground, doing their morning exercises. As a teacher at the front calls out, "Yi, er, san, si..." the students extend their arms, then bring them to their chests; bend their knees, then straighten up.

Many of the students seem bored.

Meanwhile, in a primary school in Xiangyang, Hubei Province, students are dancing to pop music. Which would you rather do?

Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操)have been a part of Chinese life. The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)! These "aunties" dance on public squares each evening, often driving neighbours crazy with their loud music. But it is good exercise and they are having fun. So, why shouldn't students be allowed to follow their example?

Well, on the Internet, most posters said dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang looked funny. One poster said that calisthenics were old-fashioned and that "the organized movements leave no room for personal freedom".

Fitness is essential for young people. Too much study and too much computer time are making many young Chinese fat and unfit, so it's important that they become more active. And being active is the key, even if that means doing away with calisthenics and, instead, dancing like damas.(1)The first paragraph mainly tells us that ______________.

A. students' school life is colourful in Shanghai

B. morning exercises are helpful to students' health

C. many students feel bored about morning exercises

D. PE is important to school students

(2)The underlined word "Meanwhile" means" ______________"in Chinese.

A. 反之

B. 同时

C. 总之

D. 幸运的是(3)How long have morning calisthenics been in Chinese schools?

A. For 20 years.

B. For over 60 years.

C. Since last year.

D. Since 1951 years ago.(4)What do most people think of dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang?

A. Funny.

B. Helpful.

C. Boring.

D. Hard.

(5)What is the best title for the passage?

A. After-class activities

B. Colourful school life

C. A history of morning exercises

D. Dancing like damas

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。(1)细节题。根据Many of the students seem bored.可知许多学生对早晨已经厌倦了,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据前后句可知一所学校在做早操,而另一所学校在和着流行音乐跳舞,所以meanwhile意思是同时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操) have been a part of Chinese life.可知自从1951年,健身操已经成为中国人生活的一部分,所以已经有60多年的历史

了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)!可知大部分人认为跳舞是有趣的,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

4.阅读理解

Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in the first place.

There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因)and. aging(老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.

Something dirty can cause redness and it will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.

Eating healthy food will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because they protect your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time.

All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.

(1)________________ is the most important way to protect our eyes.

A. Taking medicine

B. Natural eye care

C. Seeing the doctor

D. Being happy all the time

(2)All the flowing causes can lead to poor eyesight EXCEPT ________________.

A. computers

B. aging

C. reading

D. height

(3)What should you do if you have to work in front of a computer according to the text?

A. Have a rest after working for a while.

B. Eat healthy food.

C. Clean eyes by using cold water.

D. Wear a pair of sunglasses.

(4)The underlined phrase "UV rays" means "________________"in Chinese.

A. 闪电

B. 沙尘

C. 紫外线

D. 超声波(5)What is the best title for the text?

A. Ways of doing eye exercises

B. Ways of eye care

C. Ways of being happy

D. Ways of being healthy

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了眼睛保健的方式。

(1)细节题。根据Natural eye care should be put in the first place.可知自然眼部护理应该放在首位,是保护眼睛的最好的方法,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not eating enough food, genes(基因) and. aging(老化).可知有几种原因导致视力不好,比如不吃足够的食物、基因和衰老。没有height身高,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据If you happen to work in front of a computer, you'd better take a break every once in a while.可知如果你碰巧在电脑前工作,最好偶尔休息一下。故选A。

(4)推断题。根据sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays.可知太阳镜的作用是保护眼睛免受紫外线的伤害,所以UV rays的意思是紫外线,故选C。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了眼睛保健的方式,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读理解

There are many different kinds of festivals around the world. Here are four of them.

Saint Patrick's Day in Ireland

Ireland is an island country. It's in the west of Europe, There are wide green fields.

Saint Patrick's Day is on 17th March. It's an important holiday in Ireland. This holiday is to remember Saint Patrick. He did good things for the people of Ireland.

During the holiday, there are parades and lots of green. You can see people in green clothes, and you can even see green buildings.

Red Wednesday in Iran

Red Wednesday is a fire jumping festival in Iran. It is on the eve(前夜)of the last Wednesday of the year. People jump over the fire. They hope that it will take all the bad things away.

Quebec Winter Carnival in Canada

When winter comes, it's party time in Quebec City, Canada. The Quebec Winter Carnival is all about outdoor fun. It starts from the end of January and ends in mid February.

One of the most popular activities is the dog sledding race(狗拉雪橇比赛). It has more than 30 teams and the race goes on for 6 kilometres. You can see happiness on every face.

The Desert(沙漠) Festival in Tunisia

Tunisia is a very important country in North Africa. Every year on the last Sunday of December, the Desert Festival is held in Tunisia. As "Ships of the Desert", camels are very important in the festival. There is camel racing and camel wrestling(摔跤).

(1)On Saint Patrick's Day, you can see the following EXCEPT ________________.

A. camels

B. parades

C. people in green

D. green buildings

(2)What do people do on Red Wednesday in Iran?

A. They run in the snow.

B. They wear red clothes.

C. They jump over the fire.

D. They watch the camel racing.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about the dog sledding race according to the passage?

A. The race takes place on 17th March.

B. The race goes on for 6 kilometres.

C. The race has a history of about 10 years.

D. About 30 people go to the race every year.

(4)When is the Desert Festival in Tunisia every year?

A. On the first Sunday of February.

B. On the last Sunday of December.

C. On the eve of the last Friday of the year.

D. On the eve of the last Wednesday of the year.

(5)Where can we probably find the passage?

A. In a storybook.

B. In a cookbook.

C. In a travel magazine.

D. In a sport magazine.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了全世界不同的四个节日。

(1)细节题。根据During the holiday, there are parades and lots of green. You can see people in green clothes, and you can even see green buildings.可知节日期间,有游行和大量的绿色。你可以看到人们穿着绿色的衣服,你甚至可以看到绿色的建筑。没有骆驼,故选A。(2)细节题。根据Red Wednesday in Iran People jump over the fire.可知人们跳火,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据One of the most popular activities is the dog sledding race(狗拉雪橇比赛). It has more than 30 teams and the race goes on for 6 kilometres.最受欢迎的活动之一是狗雪橇比赛。它有超过30支队伍,比赛持续了6公里。故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The Desert(沙漠)Festival in Tunisia Every year on the last Sunday of December, the Desert Festival is held in Tunisia.可知在12月最后一个星期天,故选B。

(5)细节题。根据There are many different kinds of festivals around the world.可知主要讲了

全世界不同的四个节日,所以是来自旅行杂志,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

On the afternoon of the day that we arrived in Xingcheng, we left for Qinhuangdao. It was raining heavily while we were on the highway. I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour. We got to Qinhuangdao in the late afternoon. We booked in a hotel a normal room with a large bed, an air conditioner, a TV and a toilet. 150 yuan more or less is worthy of that.

The next morning, it only took us less than 30 minutes to get to the beach. Policemen were everywhere, and they guided our traffic. The bill of the parking was 20 yuan. I paid some money for life buoys because none of us could swim. The water was not too deep near the beach and with a life buoy I could float on the water in order not to get drowned. I taught my wife how to use the life buoy, although it was also the first time that I used it. But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh. The environment in Beidaihe was fine, although it was not very clean, and we had a good time.

By the way, in the evening we visited the shopping street in the central city. We visited a shopping street near Beidaihe. There were a lot of people, shopping and dining. Of course, we had some seafood there too.

(1)The writer went to Beidaihe ______________.

A. by train

B. by bus

C. by car

D. by plane

(2)What do the underlined words "life buoys" mean in Chinese?

A. 防晒霜

B. 救生圈

C. 游泳衣

D. 游艇(3)What was the writer's daughter doing while they were swimming?

A. Taking a walk along the beach.

B. Having a picnic.

C. Lying in the sun.

D. Playing with the sand.

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The writer booked a room with 300 yuan a night.

B. The writer's wife is very good at swimming.

C. The environment is very clean in Beidaihe.

D. The writer bad some seafood that evening.

(5)What's the best title for the passage?

A. The trip to Beidaihe

B. The sea in Beidaihe

C. The weather in Beidaihe

D. The food in Beidaihe

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行。

(1)推断题。根据I kept the speed less than 100 kilometres per hour.我把速度保持在每小时

100公里以下。可知是开车,即by car,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据后句because none of us could swim.因为我们都不会游泳,所以买了一些救生圈,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据But my daughter was fascinated by the sand. She played with the sand with all her attention, which made us laugh.但是我的女儿被沙子迷住了。她全神贯注地玩着沙子,这使我们笑了起来,可知女儿正在玩沙子,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据Of course, we had some seafood there too.当然,我们也吃了一些海鲜,可知是吃了海鲜,故选D。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了作者去北戴河旅行,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

7.阅读理解

Art Training Course

Do you want to get $ 75~$ 200 each hour? You will get good jobs if you spend only a week on our courses about ads, TV programs, films and fashion.

Website: www. awardmakeupschool. com

Telephone number: 310—364—0665

Teaching English Overseas

A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague. It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.

Cost: $ 1,300 per month

Website: www.teflworldwideprague.com

Looking for a Roommate

I'm Mary. I have a house with three bedrooms. There are many things in it, like a TV, a washing machine and a fridge. You only need to pay $ 200 for it each month. And it includes the cost of surfing the Internet. There are two rules for you to obey: You mustn't make lots of noise in the house and you must keep the house clean.

E-mail: www.room.to.rent@hotmail. com

A. $75

B. $ 200

C. $ 1,300

D. $ 2,600

(2)Mary's house provides the following things EXCEPT __________.

A. a computer

B. a TV

C. a fridge

D. a washing machine

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The cost of the art training course is $ 75 each hour.

B. People should pay $ 1,300 for the language course each week.

C. If you often surf the Internet, you'd better not rent Mary's house.

D. People who want to live in Mary's house should pay $ 1,200 half a year.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)D

【解析】【分析】(1)细节理解题。根据文中的表格二Teaching English Overseas A 4-week language course is offered monthly in Prague.It's helpful for you to get good jobs around the world.Cost:1300per month可知学习英语每个人每个月1300元,两个月就是2600元,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三There are many things in it,like a TV,a washing machine and a fridge.可知房子里有电视,洗衣机和冰箱,没有提到电脑,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的表格三You only need to pay 200for it each month可知一间卧室月租是200,半年就是200X6=1200,所以要想成为玛丽的合租室友,半年要付1200,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

8.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解专项练习经典

I have just finished reading the lovely book called Daddy Long Legs written by Jean Webster.

Judy was a girl who was always positive about life though she was an orphan(孤儿) living in a small village for 18 years. Then one day a man came and decided to send her to college, which later totally changed Judy's life. He asked Judy to write him a letter once a month to tell him what she had learned at school. But he would never reply to her letter. The different life between the village and the college made Judy fully realize the beauty of life and she cherished every moment of her life. She never asked too much about life. Her only quarrel (争吵) with life was that time ran too fast. She caught up with other classmates so quickly although she had a quite different childhood from them, which at first did cause her a lot of trouble. The story of Judy was told in the form of letters which were also written by Judy herself. When I was reading the letters, I was touched by Judy's character.

I am wondering whether you have ever read it and I am sure that you will be deeply moved by the unexpected and romantic ending if you are a teenage girl. In a word, Daddy Long Legs is worth reading.

(1)From the passage, we can know Judy's childhood is _________.

A. interesting

B. unlucky

C. boring

D. happy

(2)The underlined word "cherished" means "_________" in Chinese.

A. 分享

B. 憎恨

C. 虚度

D. 珍爱

(3)From the passage, we can know Judy is a _________ girl.

A. beautiful

B. helpful

C. hard-working

D. shy

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. Learn to walk before you run.

B. Hard work brings luck.

C. Time waits for no man.

D. Habit is a second nature.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】大意:本文介绍一本名叫长腿爸爸的书,本书的主人公是生活在小村庄的孤儿,虽然生活的不幸,但是Judy对生活总是积极乐观,生活的不幸使她意识到大学生活的美好并且珍爱她生命中的每个时光。

(1)推断题。本书的主人公Judys是生活在小村庄的孤儿,可知她的童年应该是不幸的。故选B。

(2)词义猜测题。根据The different life between the village and the college made Judy fully realize the beauty of life and she cherished every moment of her life.可知,农村和大学不同的生活使Judy意识到生活美好并且珍惜她生命中的每个时光,推出cherished的意思是珍爱,故选D。

(3)推断题。根据Her only quarrel (争吵) with life was that time ran too fast. She caught up with other classmates so quickly可知,她觉得时间过得太快,她很快赶上了其他同学,可推出她很勤奋,故选C。

(4)推断题。根据Her only quarrel (争吵) with life was that time ran too fast. She caught up with other classmates so quickly可知,她的勤奋好学,不久就赶上了其他同学,从这篇文章我们学到辛勤的付出换来好运,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、推断题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要根据上下文,推断出需要的信息;词句猜测题需要联系上下文,推出词句的意思。

9.阅读理解

A gentleman once advertised (登广告) for a boy to help him in his office, and nearly fifty persons asked for the place. Out of the whole number he chose one in a short time, and sent all the other boys away.

"I would like to know," said a friend, "on what ground you chose that boy. He didn't even have a recommendation (推荐信) with him."

"You are mistaken," said the gentleman, "he had a great many."

"He made his shoes clean when he came in, and closed the door after him, showing that he was orderly (井然有序的)."

"He gave his seat to the disabled old man, showing that he was."

"He took off his cap when he came in. and answered my questions quickly and respectfully (恭敬地), showing that he was polite."

"He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside, showing that he was careful."

"And he waited quietly for his turn, instead of pushing the others aside, showing that he was modest (谦逊的)."

"When I talked with him, I noticed that his clothes were carefully brushed, his hair in nice order, and his teeth as white as milk. When he wrote his name, I noticed that his fingernails were clean, instead of having some untidy personal habits."

"Don't you call these things letters of recommendation? I do, and the things that I can discover about a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, are worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring."

(1)Choose the RIGHT word to complete the sentence in Paragraph 5 according to the context (上下文).

A. kind

B. smart

C. lovely

D. healthy

(2)How did the gentleman know the boy was polite?

A. He made his shoes clean when he came in.

B. He took off his cap when he came in.

C. He waited quietly for his turn.

D. His teeth and fingernails were clean.

(3)The gentleman laid the book on the floor because.

A. he used to be like this

B. he wanted to know who was orderly

C. he tried to know who had tidy personal habits

D. he wanted to test the people who asked for the job

(4)What can you learn from this passage?

A. The gentleman was a foolish man.

B. All gentlemen can choose the right person by using their eyes.

C. Good behavior (行为) and good habits are important to a person.

D. One should pay more attention to his recommendation than to his behavior.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲述的是一个男孩找工作,在众多的求职者中脱颖而出,这是因为他有着良好的行为习惯和良好的品质。

(1)词义猜测题。根据上一句 He gave his seat to the disabled old man他把座位让给了那位残疾老人,可知他是一个善良的人,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据He took off his cap when he came in,and answered my questions quickly and respectfully; showing that he was polite可知,男孩进来时脱下帽子,很快地恭

敬地回答了我的问题。所以显示出他很有礼貌,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside; showing that he was careful可知,把书放在地上的原因是要测试找工作的人们是否捡起来,故选D。

(4)理解推断题。根据and the things that I can discover a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, is worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring. 可知从文章中我们可以了解到一个人的良好的行为习惯和良好的品质是重要的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题和推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

10.阅读理解

Almost all cultures celebrate the end of one year and the beginning of another in some ways. Different cultures celebrate the beginning of a new year in different ways, and at different times on the calendar.

In Western countries, people usually celebrate New Year from midnight on December 31st to January 1st, People may go to parties, sometimes dressed in formal(正式的)clothes, and they may drink champagne(香槟)at midnight. During the first minute of the new year, people cheer and wish each other happiness for the year ahead, But some cultures prefer to celebrate the new year by waking up early to watch the sunrise. They welcome the new year with the first light of the sunrise.

Many cultures also do special things to get rid of(摆脱)bad luck at the beginning of a new year. For example, in Ecuador, families make a big doll from old clothes, The doll is filled with old newspapers and firecrackers. At midnight, these dolls are burned to show the bad things from the past year are gone and the new year can start afresh(重新). Other common traditions to keep away bad luck in a new year include throwing things into rivers or the ocean, or saying special things on the first day of the new year.

Other New Year traditions are followed to bring good luck in the new year. One widespread Spanish tradition for good luck is to eat grapes on New Year's Day. The more grapes a person eats, the more good luck he will have in the new year. In France, people eat pancakes for good luck on New Year's Day. In the United States, some people eat black-eyed peas for good luck-but to get good luck for a whole year, you have to eat 365 of them!

(1)The passage is mainly about____________.

A. the meaning of "Happy New Year!

B. several different New Year traditions

C. what to eat on New Year's Day

D. why people dress up nicely on New Year's Day (2)It's clear that____________.

A. some cultures celebrate New Year in the morning

B. the Western people celebrate New Year only on New Year's Day

C. people in Ecuador go to parties from December 31st to January 1st

D. no cultures do special things to celebrate New Year

(3)To have a happy new year, ____________.

A. friends talk to each other in special ways

B. families make big dolls filled with old clothes

C. some people get up early to watch the sunrise

D. Europeans eat 365 grapes on New Year's Day

(4)When eating black- eyed peas on New Year's Day, people think____________.

A. one pea brings one day of luck

B. black- eyed peas are the best medicine

C. the peas are too black and taste bad

D. the peas are helpful to count numbers

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了西方国家不同的庆祝新年的方式,

(1)主旨大意题,通过阅读全文可知,短文主要介绍了不同国家不同的新年庆祝方式,故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据But some cultures prefer to celebrate the new year by waking up early to watch the sunrise.可知,一些国家喜欢在早晨庆祝新年,故答案是A。

(3)细节理解题,根据But some cultures prefer to celebrate the new year by waking up early to watch the sunrise. They welcome the new year with the first light of the sunrise.可知,为了过一个快乐的新年,人们要早起看日出,故答案是C。

(4)细节理解题,根据 In the United States, some people eat black-eyed peas for good luck-but to get good luck for a whole year, you have to eat 365 of them!可知人们认为吃一颗黑豆会带来一天的好运,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和主旨大意题。细节理解题要可以直接从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

School is a good place for us to study. Yet sometimes, it's easy for us to have accidents there. Experts suggest that right safety training could avoid 80% of these accidents. Here are parts of safety rules in some countries.

In China, fire training at school is common to teach students to deal with emergencies (紧急情况). During the training,students hurry to the playground with a wet cloth covering their mouth. Fire training is held each term.

In Japan, public elementary schools hold earthquake training once a month. They teach students how to escape during an earthquake without pushing.

Most US school buildings have fire escapes on each floor. A fire escape has platforms(露台) with ladders(梯子).

In many middle schools in the UK, students can choose to take a bicycle course. There, they

learn how to ride to school safely.

A. it is easy

B. it could avoid most of these accidents

C. it is interesting

D. it is accepted by the teachers

(2)If there is a fire, Chinese students should go to the playground hurriedly _______. A. with a wet cloth covering their mouth B. by using ladders

C. by bike

D. by pushing each other

(3)This passage mainly talks about _______.

A. how to escape from earthquakes

B. how to put out the fire

C. some school safety rules in some countries

D. a bicycle course

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:校园是学习的地方,也是事故高发地,短文介绍了几个国家有关学校的安全规则。

(1)细节理解题,根据Experts suggest that right safety training could avoid 80% of these accidents.可知接受正确的安全训练,可以避免大部分的事故。故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据fire training at school is common to teach students to deal with emergencies (紧急情况). During the training,students hurry to the playground with a wet cloth covering their mouth. Fire training is held each term.可知,在中国,火灾发生的时候,学生应该用湿毛巾捂住嘴迅速跑到操场,故答案是A。

(3)主旨大意题,根据文章内容可知,短文主要介绍了介个国家的学校安全规则,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题和主旨大意题,细节理解题一般可直接从文中找到答案,主旨大意题需要在充分理解文章的基础上归纳文章的中心,选出正确答案。

12.阅读理解

Toby was a 13-year-old Boy. He studied in a middle school in Paris. He was quite a Clever Boy and was good at almost everything. However, he had a problem. He had a fear(恐惧)of heights. This problem made him unhappy for a long time. He talked to his father about it one day. "I've had enough, Dad," he said." I would love to go rock Climbing with my friends. But every time I get too high, I feel afraid."

His dad paused(停顿)as he thought about his son's ________

"Well, Toby," he said quietly," I Can help you. But you will need to Be Brave. Are you ready?"

Toby was quiet for a few minutes.

"I am ready!" he answered bravely.

Toby's father picked up the keys and walked towards the front door.

"We're going into the City!" his father said.

Toby knew what was coming. Toby lived in Paris. One of the world's tallest buildings was there.

That was the Eiffel Tower. Nothing was said between them as they drove into the City.

After about an hour, they arrived at the Eiffel Tower. Toby looked up at it.

"Can I really do this?" he asked worriedly.

"Well," his father said," I will be with you every step of the way. This is the day that you fight your fear! Come on!"

Toby took a Breath. His father held his hand and then they made their way, step by step, towards the top of the Eiffel Tower. At last they got to the top.

"Wow, Dad!" he said excitedly as he looked over Paris.

"I told you there was nothing to worry about," his father said.

(1)The Best word for"________" is" ________ .

A. dream

B. plan

C. problem

D. study

(2)Toby went to the Eiffel Tower ________ .

A. By Bus

B. By Bike

C. By taxi

D. By Car

(3)How might Toby's father feel about Toby at the end of the story?

A. Hopeless.

B. Happy.

C. Surprised.

D. Worried.

(4)This story is mainly about ________ .

A. fighting fear

B. making friends

C. giving advice

D. Choosing hobbies

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文主要讲述托比因为恐高而感到沮丧,最后他的爸爸带他去爬埃菲尔铁塔让他克服恐高。

(1)推理题。根据“I've had enough, Dad,” he said. “I would love to go rock climbing with my friends. But every time I get too high, I feel afraid.”可知,托比向他的爸爸说了他的问题,托比的爸爸应该考虑他儿子的问题,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据Nothing was said between them as they drove into the city可知,托比坐轿车去埃菲尔铁塔,故选D。

(3)推理题。根据“Wow, Dad!” he said excitedly as he looked over Paris. 以及“I told you there was nothing to worry about,” his father said可知,托比很兴奋,他的爸爸也很高兴,故选B。

(4)主旨题。本文主要讲述托比因为恐高而感到沮丧,最后他的爸爸带他去爬埃菲尔铁塔让他克服恐高,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

Compass It was a great gift to the world from ancient China. Before it was invented, sailors had to depend on the stars to find directions. After it was invented, the

oceans were open to travel. And many new discoveries were made with the help

of it.

Gunpowder It was one of the greatest inventions. It is said that in the 3rd century a Chinese man wrote about how to make it. At first, it was used for making fireworks. At the

end of the Tang Dynasty, people began to use it in wars. The method of making it

was spread throughout most parts of Eurasia by the end of 13th century.

Paper making China was the first country in the world to make paper. During the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC一9 AD), paper was made in some places in China, It was developed in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 AD- 220 AD) by Cai Lun. He made paper with bark, ropes, rags and so on. Before it was invented, the ancient Chinese carved characters on animal bones and stones. They also wrote them on bamboo and wooden sticks.

Printing It was developed in 1041~1048 in the Song Dynasty. A man named Bi Sheng carved characters on pieces of clay and wood. Then he put ink on them. After the

characters were printed on paper, the pieces of clay or wood could be used again.

This technology then spread to Korea, Japan and Europe. It was the basic method

at that time.

A. compass

B. printing

C. gunpowder

D. paper-making

(2)At first, gunpowder was used for____________.

A. finding directions

B. making fireworks

C. carving characters

D. writing (3)Printing was developed in the____________.

A. Tang Dynasty

B. Song Dynasty

C. Han Dynasty

D. Qing Dynasty

(4)The best title for the reading material is____________.

A. The Four Dynasties of Ancient China

B. The Four Great Inventors of Ancient China

C. The Four Great Inventions of Ancient China

D. The Four Great History Characters of Ancient China

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了中国古代的四大发明,指南针,火药,造纸和印刷。

(1)细节题。根据compass的信息中After it was invented, the oceans were open to travel 可知,指南针发明后,海洋向旅游开放,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据gunpowder的信息中At first, it was used for making fireworks 可知,起初,火药被用于制作烟火,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据printing的信息中It was developed in 1041~1048 in the Song Dynasty 可知,印刷术是在宋朝发展起来的,故选B。

(4)主旨题。根据本文讲述了中国古代的四大发明,指南针,火药,造纸和印刷可知,

The Four Great Inventions of Ancient China 中国古代的四大发明,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.阅读理解

Some people think that success is only for those with talent or those who grow up in the right family, and others Believe that success mostly Comes down to luck. I'm not going to say luck, talent, and Circumstances(境遇)don't Come into play because they do. Some people are born into the right family while others are Born with great intelligence, and that's just the reality of how life is.

However, to succeed in life, one first needs to set a goal and then make it more practical. And, vesides that, in order to get really good at something, one needs to spend at least 10, 000 hours studying and practising. To vecome great at certain things, it'll require even more time, which most people won't put in.

This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don't enjoy what you do, it is going to feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you give up before you ever become good at it.

When you see people exhibiting some great skills or having achieved great success, you know that they have put in a huge part of their life to get there. It's sometimes easy to think they got lucky or they were Born with some unusual talent, But thinking that way does you no good, and there's a huge Chance that you're wrong anyway.

No matter what you do, if you want to Become great at it, you need to work day in and day out, almost to the point of addiction(入迷), and over a long period of time. If you're not willing to put in the time and work, don't expect to receive any rewards. Hard work won't guarantee(保证)you the level of success you may want, But it will guarantee that you will Become really good at whatever it is you put all that work into.

(1)Paragraph 1 mainly talks about __________.

A. the reasons for success

B. the meaning of success

C. the standards of success

D. the importance of success

(2)The underlined word" that" refers to __________.

A. putting in more time

B. succeeding in life

C. Being good at something

D. setting a practical goal

(3)Successful people suggest doing what one loves Because __________.

A. work makes him feel pain

B. he is likely to enjoy his work

C. he gives up his work easily

D. it takes a lot of time to succeed

(4)What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To explain that luck or talent leads to success.

B. To tell us that one cannot succeed without time and practice.

C. To show us that having a goal is the main reason to success.

D. To describe that successful people like to show their great skills.

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文是介绍成功的关键因素不是天赋、出身或运气,而是设定一个符合实际的目标,然后为此不断地努力、付出。巨大的努力也许无法确保你想要的成功,但是你为之付出的(领域)一定会成为你的优势所在。

(1)主旨题。第一段主要分析了成功的原因,有人认为是天赋、出身或者运气,但是作者并不完全认同,认为这只是生活的现实而已。故A项,成功的原因是正确。B项意为“成功的意义”;C项意为“成功的标准”;D项意为“成功的重要性”,均与第一段不相关,故选A。

(2)词义猜测题。根据 to succeed in life, one first needs to set a goal and then make it more practical. And, vesides that, in order to get really good at something 可知that指代setting a practical goal,设定一个实际的目标,故选D。

(3)推理题。根据This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don't enjoy what you do, it is going to feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you give up before you ever become good at it. 成功人士建议做自己喜欢的事情,因为他很可能喜欢他的工作,故选B。

(4)推理题。根据本文是介绍成功的关键因素不是天赋、出身或运气,而是设定一个符合实际的目标,然后为此不断地努力、付出。巨大的努力也许无法确保你想要的成功,但是你为之付出的(领域)一定会成为你的优势所在。可知文章的主要目的是告诉我们没有时间和实践就不会成功,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及推断题,词义猜测题和主旨题,推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

In Australia, international students have to study at a language center for two terms. Everyone will have a test before entering school. The degree of the test is from easy to difficult, just like a

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