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中考英语 英语阅读理解(含答案)

中考英语英语阅读理解(含答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

中考英语 英语阅读理解(含答案)

Chinese Farmers' Harvest (收获,收割) Festival is the first festival in China for farmers. The festival starting from 2018, falls on the Autumnal Equinox (秋分) each year. The Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th, during the country's harvest season.

As we all know, China has the largest population all over the world. It was difficult to feed the largest population in the past. After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our government is paying more attention to agriculture and farmers' life. It will greatly encourage farmers to farm and develop further modem agriculture. China has a long history of agriculture. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival, the cultural symbol, helps to show China's long farming culture to the world. It also connects the excellent traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization (文明) and improves the cultural self-confidence and national pride.

Since the festival is especially created for farmers, they are encouraged to think of their own ways to celebrate harvest. Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.

Some people think the festival is the happiest time of a year, even better than the Spring Festival, because food gives people a sense of safety and hope. For other people, the harvest festival is a time to look back at the past and look forward to the future.

(1)We probably celebrate the Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival on ______________. A. September 20th B. September 23rd C. September 25th D. October 1st (2)The main purposes that Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival was created don't include _______.

A. showing the long history of farming culture of China

B. improving Chinese cultural self-confidence and national pride

C. encouraging Chinese farmers to give up local customs

D. connecting the traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization

(3)We can learn from the third paragraph that ______________________.

A. the celebrations will be differently based on local customs

B. western countries also celebrate the Fanners' Harvest Festival

C. the Farmers' Harvest Festival is one of the Chinese traditional festivals

D. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is created for both farmers and workers

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The Farmers' Harvest Festival falls on different days in different areas in China.

B. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is the best time to harvest crops(庄稼)in the world.

C. The Farmers' Harvest Festival has been celebrated twice in our country so far.

D. China's modem agriculture has greatly developed because of reform and opening.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了中国的首届中国农民丰收节。节日定语中国的二十四解气的秋分,这个节日是为农民创建的,鼓励他们用自己的方式庆祝收获。有农民认为这个节日是他们一年中最快乐的时候。

(1)细节理解题,根据he Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th,可知,秋分在月22日-24日的某一天,所以庆祝丰收节应该在这个事件范围内。故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.可知C的陈述绝对错误,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs.可知,庆祝活动应基于当地的风土人情,故答案是A。

(4)正误判断题,根据After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our可知,因为改革开放,中国的现代农业取得了很大的成就,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题和正误判断题,细节理解题一般可知直接在文中找到答案,正误判断题也是细节理解题的一种,也是基于短文内容进行判断的。

2.阅读理解

“Homestay is a form of study abroad program. It allows the visitor to rent a room from a local(当地的)family to better understand the local lifestyle. It also helps to improve the visitor's language ability,” said a teacher during a school meeting last term. “Students who wish to learn more about foreign cultures or to get foreign experience should join this kind of holiday. I am sure you won't be disappointed(失望的).”

After this special meeting, I always thought about this kind of holiday. Last month, I had a chance at last to go on such a holiday with some of my schoolmates and we went to London, a place where I had wanted to go since years ago.

As we were still young, we had a group leader who planned things for us and looked after us. After we got to London, we went to stay with different families. I was lucky that my host family(寄宿家庭) was a white couple who had a daughter about my age. They treated me as a daughter of their family during my stay there. They were interested in me and I learnt a lot of things from them, too.

The holiday was filled with activities every day. After breakfast, a local teacher would come to take us in his car. Then we would have classes or go on a sightseeing trip to different places of interest like the Big Ben, the London Bridge, and the Buckingham Palace. We would go back to our own homes after the activities.

The holiday was a valuable experience for me. I enjoyed every minute of it. Yet, time really flew fast. Three weeks later, we had to leave “homes”for Hong Kong.

(1)In the “homestay”program, a visitor can .

A. learn more about holidays

B. understand his culture better

C. improve the language ability

D. take part in foreign meetings

(2)The writer had wanted to visit London since .

A. last month

B. years ago

C. the special meeting

D. her stay abroad

(3)The group leader should .

A. make plans for the family

B. take care of the students

C. stay with different families

D. rent rooms to the students

(4)The writer's host family .

A. was very kind to her

B. went sightseeing with her

C. had two white daughters

D. was interested in her activities

(5)From the passage, we know that the writer in London.

A. wished to stay a little longer

B. spent three weeks in her home

C. had classes in many interesting places

D. helped the teacher take the students in a car 【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者参加homestay活动,在伦敦参观学习的经历。

(1)细节理解。根据第一段中的It also helps to improve the visitor's language ability...可知这个项目可以提高参观者的语言能力,故答案为C。

(2)细节理解。根据第二段中的...we went to London,a place where I had wanted to go since years ago.可知作者多年前就想去伦敦,答案选B。

(3)细节理解。根据第三段中的As we were still young,we had a group leader who planned things for us and looked after us.可知小组领袖为我们制定计划,照顾我们,故答案为B。(4)细节理解。根据第三段中的They treated me as a daughter of their family during my stay there.可知作者的寄宿家庭把她当女儿对待,故答案为A。

(5)推理判断。通读最后一段可知,作者对伦敦很留恋,舍不得走,希望在那儿待更长时间,

故答案为A。

【点评】本文属于夹叙夹议的文章,考查对篇章的把握和对细节信息的识别判断能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.阅读理解

I was in the fifth grade and about to take a Maths test. In the first grade I had always been good at school, and simple Maths was easy for me and I always did well on tests. When it came to the fifth grade Maths, I couldn't understand it no matter how hard I tried. Mom and Dad had always been so proud of my goo d grades and I didn’t want to let them down. Just before the test, I had written several of the answers on my desk. I sat nervously as the teacher started to hand out the test papers. I didn’t want to get caught,but I didn't want to fail the exam either. .

As the teacher was walking around me, suddenly the fire alarm went off. It was an unscheduled fire drill (消防演习). We all rushed to the playground and stood together. As I stood in the warm sunshine, I realized what a fool I had been. I knew my mom and dad would be proud of me and love me no matter what my grades were. As soon as we were allowed to go back to the classroom, I walked to my desk and wiped (擦) the answers away. I had been given a second chance and I wasn’t going to waste it. I took the test, did my best, and felt at peace. I don’t remember what my grade was but that day has stayed in my heart and mind ever since.

I am not sure why God gave me a second chance that day. Life is foil of second chances, but you have to be willing to take them. You have to be willing to correct your mistakes. You have to be willing to follow your heart. Every day when you wake up, you are given a second chance in life.(1)When the writer was in the fifth grade, __________.

A. he did very well in all his tests

B. he had difficulty in learning Maths

C. his parents were angry with him

D. he didn’t work hard at Math s

(2)Why did the writer write the answers on the desk?

A. Because his teacher asked him to do so.

B. Because his parents asked him to do so.

C. Because he wanted others to copy him.

D. Because he didn’t want to fail the test.

(3)When the writer was standing outside, he thought of the following things EXCEPT

A. his teacher must catch him cheating

B. it was wrong for him to cheat in the exam

C. his parents would still love him even when he got bad grades

D. he shouldn’t write anything on the desk

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. A strict Maths teacher

B. An interesting test

C. Being caught in a test

D. A second chance

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文记叙作者通过记叙一次数学考试想要“作弊”的事情,告诉我们要珍惜把握我们的二次人生。

(1)理解判断题。由第一段中In the first grade I had always been good at school, and simple Maths was easy for me and I always did well on tests. When it came to the fifth grade Maths, I couldn't understand it no matter how hard I tried. 可知作者到五年级的时候,无论如何努力数学成绩总是不好。故选B。

(2)理解推断题。由短文中. Mom and Dad had always been so proud of my good grades and I didn’t want to let them down.可知作者不想让父母因为他的成绩而失望,因此他不想成绩不合格,故选D。

(3)理解推断题。由As I stood in the warm sunshine, I realized what a fool I had been. I knew my mom and dad would be proud of me and love me no matter what my grades were. 可知当作者在外面站着的时候,他想到不管他的成绩如何他的父母都是为他感到骄傲的。从而推断出他知道自己不应该在考试中作弊,不应该在桌子上写东西,而不是“他的老师会抓住他作弊”。故选A。

(4)主旨大意题。由文章最后一句 Every day when you wake up, you are given a second chance in life. 可知。故选D。

4.阅读理解

A couple of sparrows(麻雀) lived happily in a huge tree in a jungle. The female sparrow had laid her eggs and they were expecting their babies soon.

One day, an elephant was unable to tolerate the heat of the summer sun. He destroyed all trees, including the tree where the sparrows lived.

The sparrows managed to escape by flying away, but they lost their babies. The eggs fell down to the ground and broke into pieces. They cried loudly and decided to kill the elephant.

They asked their friends, a woodpecker and a fly for help. The fly took them to meet one of his friends, an old frog. The frog was wise and he came up with a good plan soon.

The frog explained, "Fly! Your task is to buzz in the elephant's ears in order to make him sleepy. The woodpeckers task is to hurt his eyes and make him blind. In this hot summer days, he will certainly search for water. I will sit by the nearby pit(深坑) and shout at the top of my voice."

He continued, "When the thirsty elephant hears me, he will think there is a pond or lake nearby and follow my voice. And when he does so, he will fall into the pit and die."

The others agreed to the frog's plan. Everyone did their tasks perfectly. Finally, the elephant fell into the pit and died.

(1)The underlined word "tolerate" means________.

A. protect

B. stand

C. mind

D. encourage

(2)Why did the sparrows want to kill the elephant?

A. Because the elephant destroyed all trees.

B. Because the elephant killed some small animals.

C. Because the elephant's behavior made them lose their babies.

D. Because the elephant wanted to own their tree.

(3)In what order did the following events take place?

a. The frog shouted by the pit.

b. The fly buzzed in the elephant's ears.

C. The elephant fell into the pit and died.

d. The elephant wanted to search for water.

e. The woodpecker made the elephant blind.

A. e-b-d-a-c

B. b-e-d-a-c

C. e-b-a-d-c

D. b-e-a-d-c

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. A friend is easier lost than found.

B. A good beginning is half done.

C. Fact speaks louder than words.

D. Many hands make light work.

(5)What's the best title for the passage?

A. A Perfect Plan

B. A Poor Elephant

C. Good Friends

D. Wise Sparrows

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲的是几个弱小的动物齐心协力杀死大象的故事。两只麻雀因为大象的鲁养行为失去了孩子。他们向啄木鸟和苍蝇求助,苍蝇带他们去见一只青蛙。青蛙想出了一个需要他们共同实施的完美计划,他们成功杀死了那头大象。

(1)词义猜测题。结合上下文 One day, an elephant was unable to tolerate the heat of the summer sun. He destroyed all trees, including the tree where the sparrows lived.的描述可知,天气很热,大象无法“忍受”这种热,就毁坏了所有的树,包括麻雀住的那棵,tolerate的含义是“忍受;容忍”,和stand同义,故答案为B。

(2)细节理解题。根据本段中的“but they lost their babies”以及“They cried loudly and decided to kill the elephant."可知麻雀想杀大象的原因是大象间接杀害了他们的孩子,故答案为C。

(3)推理判断题。通读这五六两段可知,事件发生的顺序是:苍蝇在大象的耳朵边嗡嗡叫→啄木鸟啄瞎大象的眼睛→大象想找水→青蛙在深坑边大叫→大象掉进深坑里死了,故答案为B。

(4)推理判断题。通读全文可知,本文讲述几个弱小的动物齐心协力杀死大象的故事,阐述的道理是“众人拾柴火焰高”,故答案为D。

(5)主旨大意题。通读全文可知,本文讲的是麻雀、啄木鸟、苍蝇和青蛙共同实施的一

个杀死大象的完美计划,故答案为A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

5.阅读理解

As a child, Alain Robert was afraid of heights. One day, when he was 12, he returned home from school. He didn't find his keys. It was 3:30pm and his parents worked until 6:00 pm. Alain looked at his apartment on the eighth floor. He saw an open window. He closed his eyes and imagined himself climbing the building. When he opened his eyes, he told himself, "I can do it." Fifteen minutes later, he was in his house and his fear of heights was gone.

Today, Alain still climbs buildings. In 2003, he climbed a building in London dressed as Spiderman (蜘蛛人) to advertise the movie. In 2004, he climbed Taipei 101 (one of the tallest buildings in the world). To reach the top of a building, Alain uses only his hands and special shoes. Alain climbs as a hobby. He also does it to make money for charity (for poor children and the homeless). When he climbs, he wants to send a message to people. If you have a dream, you must be brave and keep trying. If something bad happens, don't give up. Close your eyes and tell yourself, "I can do it."

(1)The main idea of this passage is that ________.

A. climbing buildings is easy

B. Alain Robert is afraid of heights

C. everyone can climb a tall building

D. you can control your fears

(2)When Alain climbs a building, he uses ________.

A. his hands and special shoes

B. special tools

C. his hands only

D. his special shoes only

(3)The underlined word "charity" means " ________ ".

A. 享受

B. 休闲

C. 慈善

D. 消费(4)Alain climbs ________.

A. for fun and for his health

B. for charity and for his job

C. for his health and for charity

D. for charity and for fun

(5)If you feel afraid to do things, what's Alain's advice? ________.

A. Practice climbing buildings.

B. Tell yourself "I can do it."

C. If something bad happens, then stop.

D. Try to do something else.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:小时候,阿兰·罗伯特恐高。一天,他放学回家。他没有找到钥匙。他看到一扇开着的窗户。自己爬上了大楼。当他睁开眼睛时,他对自己说:“我能做到。”十五分钟后,他在自己的房子里,他的恐高症消失了。今天,阿兰还在爬建筑物。为

了到达建筑物的顶部,阿兰只用他的手和特殊的鞋子。阿兰爬山是个爱好。他还为慈善事业(为贫困儿童和无家可归者)赚钱。如果你有一个梦想,你必须勇敢并不断尝试。如果有不好的事情发生,不要放弃。闭上眼睛,告诉自己,“我能做到。”

(1)主旨大意题,根据If something bad happens, don't give up. Close your eyes and tell yourself, "I can do it."可知,当有不好的事情发生的时候,比这眼睛告诉自己能行,所以人们是能够控制自己的恐惧情绪的,故答案是D。

(2)细节理解题,根据Alain uses only his hands and special shoes.可知,阿兰用手和特殊的鞋来攀爬建筑物,故答案是A。

(3)词义猜测题,根据(for poor children and the homeless)可知该单词的意思是“慈善”,故答案是C。

(4)细节理解题,根据 Alain climbs as a hobby. He also does it to make money for charity (for poor children and the homeless).可知阿兰的攀爬一是为了慈善也是为乐获得乐趣,故答案是D。

(5)细节理解题,根据If something bad happens, don't give up. Close your eyes and tell yourself, "I can do it."可知,当你害怕做某事的时候,阿兰的建议是告诉自己“我能做到”,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、主旨大意题和词义猜测题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定单词的意思;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

Everyone faces challenges in their life, but some are more important than others. Daniel Kish had serious problems with his eyes when he was born. And doctors took away both of his eyes before he was fourteen months old.

Soon after, however, he started to do an amazing thing. He started to make clicking(咔嗒) sounds with his tongue(舌头) to help him move around. Much like a bat(蝙蝠), he now moves about using sonar(声呐). He is so good at it that he can ride a bicycle in traffic. He and his group, World Access for the Blind, teach others how to use sonar. In this interview with National Geographic, Kish explains how the process works.

How does sonar work?

"When I make a clicking sound, it makes sound waves. These waves reflect(反射) off surfaces all around and return to my ears. My brain then processes the sounds into images(图像). It's like having a conversation with the environment

When you click, what do you see in your mind?

"Each click is like a camera flash. I make a 3D image of the things around me for hundreds of feet in every direction

What is it like riding a bike using sonar?

"It's exciting and enjoyable but requires a lot of focus. I click up to two times per second, much more than I usually do."

Is it dangerous to move around the world in this way?

"Much of the world lives in fear of things that we mostly imagine. I have a habit of climbing anything and everything, but I never broke a bone (骨头) as a kid.”

How challenging is it to teach people to use sonar?

"Many students are surprised how quickly results come. Seeing isn't in the eyes, it's in the mind."

(1)What's the main idea of Paragraph 2?

A. Kish explains how sonar works.

B. Kish teaches people how to use sonar.

C. Kish started to move around using sonar.

D. Kish is good at riding a bicycle in traffic.

(2)How does sonar work? Choose the right order.

a. The sound waves reflect off surfaces.

b. The person makes a clicking sound.

c. The brain makes images with the sounds.

d. The sound waves reach the persons ears.

A. b-a-c-d

B. b-d-a-c

C. a-b-d-c

D. b-a-d-c

(3)What can we know about Kish from the passage?

A. He always challenges himself bravely.

B. He lives in fear of things that he imagines.

C. He became blind when he was 14 years old.

D. He broke his bone when climbing as a child.

(4)What would be the best title for the passage?

A. How Sonar Works.

B. Riding a Bike Using Sonar.

C. Seeing with the Mind.

D. How the Blind Move Around.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文叙述一个能面对生活挑战的人Daniel Kish十四个月打之前由于出生时眼睛有严重问题,双眼都被摘掉了。但是他现在开始使用声纳。他擅长骑车,所以在交通中他能骑自行车。他和他的团队,盲人世界通道,教别人如何使用声纳。当问到教人们使用声纳有多困难,许多学生都惊讶于结果来得如此之快。眼见不在眼里,它在心里。

(1)段落大意题。由 he now moves about using sonar(声呐). He is so good at it that he can ride a bicycle in traffic. He and his group, World Access for the Blind, teach others how to use sonar. In this interview with National Geographic, Kish explains how the process works. 可知本段主要说明Daniel Kish现在开始使用声呐来帮助他四处走动。故选C。

(2)细节理解题。由a:When I make a clicking sound, it makes sound waves. b:These waves reflect off surfaces all around and d:return to my ears. c:My brain then processes the sounds into images It's like having a conversation with the environment。可知正确的顺序b-a-d-c,故选D。

(3)推理判断题。由Soon after, however, he started to do an amazing thing. He started to

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