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最新中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)

最新中考英语英语阅读理解(附答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

Do you want a job in the holiday? Just go for it. First, you need to know what kind of job is suitable for your age and interest.

If you're 13 to 15.

It seems that you can't work almost anywhere, but you're probably allowed to clean your neighbours' cars or walk their dogs.

There is no lowest wage(工资) for children under 16.

By law, you can't work more than 35 hours each week during school holidays. And you can't work before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m.

If you're 16 or 17.

The lowest wage for 16-17 years old teenagers should be no less than 7 dollars per hour.

You can't work in a pub or bar, but you can work in many other places.

By law, you can't work more than 40 hours each week.

What jobs are out there?

Obviously your choices are limited (限制) by the fact that you can only work during school holidays, but the following situations are fine.

At Christmas, most shops are shart of hands, so you may find something to do there. In antumn, there's always fruit picking. It can be pretty hard work, but it pays really well.

If you're mad about football, you can choose to work in a sports shop or help out at a local football club. No matter how much you are paid, you are doing what you like.

(1)In the school holidays, 14-year-old kids __________________.

A. can work anywhere they want

B. are not allowed to work alone

C. can't go to work at night

D. can work as long as 14 hours a day

(2)How much can a 16-year-old kid be paid at least in two hours?

A. 21 dollars.

B. 17 dollars.

C. 14 dollars.

D. 7 dollars.

(3)If you want to clean cars for others, you should at least be _____________.

A. 16

B. 15

C. 14

D. 13

(4)According to the passage, which statement is true?

A. not right for children

B. tiring but pays well

C. better than other jobs

D. more interesting to girls

(5)According to the passage, which statement is true?

A. If you are 17 years old, you're not allowed to walk the dog for your neighbour.

B. Teenagers can choose their jobs according to their interest.

C. Fruit picking pays well because there are fewer people to pick it.

D. Only football fan is allowed to work in a football club.

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)D

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍在假期根据自己的年龄和兴趣,找到适合自己的工作。

(1)细节理解题。由If you're 13 to 15. ...And you can't work before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m.可知十四岁的儿童不能晚上工作,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。由 If you're 16 or 17.The lowest wage for 16-17 years old teenagers should be no less than 7 dollars per hour.16-17岁青少年的最低工资应不低于每小时7美元。可知结合题干,两个小时就应该14美元,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。由 If you're 13 to 15. It seems that you can't work almost anywhere, but you're probably allowed to clean your neighbours' cars or walk their dogs.可知想要为邻居清洗车,至少十三岁。故选D。

(4)细节理解题。由 It can be pretty hard work, but it pays really well.可知累但报酬很好,故选B。

(5)细节理解题。由 If you're mad about football, you can choose to work in a sports shop or help out at a local football club. No matter how much you are paid, you are doing what you like.可知青少年可以根据自己的兴趣选择工作。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先通读全文,了解全文大意,其次分析问题,抓住关键词,在文中寻找相关信息,确定答案,最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

2.阅读理解

You never said “I'm leaving” In Life I loved you dearly

You never said “goodbye” In death I love you still

You were gone before I knew it In my heart you hold a place

And only God knew why That no one could ever fill

There are no words to tell you It broke my heart to lose you

Just what I feel inside But you didn't go alone

The shock, the hurt, the anger For part of me went with you

Might gradually subside (平息) The day God took you home

Thousands of times I'll need you Things will never be the same

Thousands of times I'll cry And although it hurts so bad

If Love alone could have saved you I will smile whenever I hear your name

You never would have died And take pride you were my dad

In death I love you still

In my heart you hold a place,

That no one could ever fill

It broke my heart to lose you,

But you didn't go alone

For part of me went with you,

The day God took you home.

Things will never be the same

And although it hurts so bad

I will smile whenever I hear your name

And take pride you were my dad.

(1)The text is probably a(an) _______

A. ad.

B. notice

C. poem

D. story

(2)The writer writes the text to_______.

A. God

B. peace

C. life

D. father

(3)From the text, we can know the writer is_______.

A. sad

B. angry

C. happy

D. surprised

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这是作者怀念去世的父亲的一首诗。

(1)根据体裁格式可判断这是一首诗歌,故选C。

(2)根据And take pride you were my dad.故选D。

(3)根据这是作者怀念去世的父亲的一首诗。和It broke my heart to lose you,故选A。

【点评】对阅读理解能力的测试是英语考试中必不可少的测试项目,主要考查学生对于不同体裁或不同题材语言材料的理解能力,以及通过材料的阅读,对材料中信息的捕获能力。首先对原文材料迅速浏览,掌握全文的主旨大意。因为阅读理解题一般没有标题,所以,速读全文,抓住中心主旨很有必要,在速读的过程中,应尽可能多地捕获信息材料。其次,细读题材,各个击破。掌握全文的大意之后,细细阅读每篇材料后的问题,弄清每题要求后,带着问题,再回到原文中去寻找、捕获有关信息。

3.阅读理解

Long ago a kind farmer with the name of Fred lived in a small old house happily together with his gentle wife, Doris, who couldn’t see anything at the age of five.

One cold winter night, the Luck Fairy (仙女) visited them while they were eating some bread in the dim(昏暗的)light. “Fred, you’re so kind. I’d like to give you a wish. It’s my pleasure to satisfy you,” said the Luck Fairy. “A wish?” Fred and Doris asked, standing hand in hand and smiling at each other. Then Fred answered, “Thanks, Luck Fairy. We’re living a happy life.” “We are no longer young, but we still work in the field from morning to night every day. We enjoy ourselves,” said Doris. “You work very hard but you make so little money. Would you like some gold coins to buy a comfortable house?” asked the Luck Fairy. “Oh no, my dear Luck Fairy. We love our small old house. We have lived here for a long time,” answered Fred, without a moment’s hesitati on (犹豫). “We are happy to work and live together all the time. That’s enough,” Doris agreed. The couple were quite different from other people the Luck Fairy had ever met. She appreciated(欣赏) them very much. She disappeared, saying, “I wish you a happy

life forever.” Many years later, the couple lived happily as usual It seemed to others that they were the happiest in the world. Satisfaction is a kind of feeling that needs to be experienced from inside. It‘s very important to be satisfied with what you’ve got. If you enjoy the pleasure of the simple life, good luck will follow you.

(1)What happened to Doris?

A. She became blind at the age of 5.

B. She became deaf at the age of 5.

C. She became dumb at the age of 5.

D. She lost her legs at the age of 5.

(2)Why does the Lucky Fairy give a wish to the couple?

A. Because she is very kind heart-ed.

B. Because Fred is very poor.

C. Because she wants to cure Fred’s wife.

D. Because Fred is a good person.

(3)What kind of things does Fred ask?

A. Nothing

B. A little money

C. Some gold coins

D. A happy life

(4)What kind of life this couple lives?

A. A disappointing life

B. An exciting life

C. A joyful life

D. A hard life

(5)Wha t’s the implied meaning of this passage?

A. This couple lives a happy life.

B. The Luck Fairy wants to help the couple get rid of poor.

C. We should be satisfied with the simple but happy life.

D. We have to pursue more material things.

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)C

【解析】【分析】本文是一篇记叙文,文章讲述了一个关于“满足”的哲理故事,生活清贫却幸福的夫妇遇到幸运天使的恩惠却拒绝,因为他们自己过得很满足,内心不缺乏任何物质的需求,因此天使许愿他们永远快乐无忧的生活下去。所谓知足常乐。

(1)细节理解题。根据文章“Doris, who couldn’t see anything at the age of five.”可知,Doris 在五岁时失明,故选择A

(2)细节理解题。根据原文““Fred, you’re so kind. I’d like to give you a wish. It’s my pleasure to satisfy you,” said the Luck Fairy.”,可知,幸运天使因为他为人好,所以想给予他恩惠,故选择D

(3)细节理解题。根据文章第二段可知,Fred没有要求任何东西,“Thanks, Luck Fairy. We’re living a happy life”以及“We are happy to work and live together all the time. That’s

en ough”,故选择A

(4)综合理解题,文章多出提出“We’re living a happy life”,以及夫妇俩对生活很满足没有要求,可知他们生活很幸福。故选择C

(5)主旨大意题。文中清贫夫妇后来继续过着幸福生活的结局,以及文章结尾句“ Satisfaction is a kind of feeling that needs to be experienced from inside. It‘s very important to be satisfied with what you’ve got.If you enjoy the pleasure of the simple life, good luck will follow you.”都在说明满足会让生活变得幸福。故选择C

【点评】文章以清贫且外人看来不幸的一对夫妇的故事,讲述了一个哲理,需要抓住故事的重点,并结合文后的总结,一起来抓住文章主旨大意。

4.阅读理解

Last weekend, I took Lucy to a park, where she discovered a track with large bumps(凸块)and sharp tums. At first, I thought Lucy was able to ride her bike along the track, but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump.

Lucy looked at me with fear because she was still a biking newbie. I tried to encourage her too, but really, I was thinking﹣this is going to be a disaster. Not because I thought she would get hurt. More because I thought she wouldn't be able to pick up enough speed to balance, then get really discouraged, and give up quickly. I imagined her throwing her bicycle to the ground and then crying all the way home.

But I was only half right. Lucy did have a lot of trouble riding the bike. She couldn't find her balance. She fell many times. At one point, she almost started crying because younger kids were getting angry that she was slowing everyone else down. But she did not give up. She kept picking herself up and trying again. She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground. When she felt more confident, she came back. Then she did it over and over again until she finally reached her goal of going around the whole track without falling once. Then she didn't want to leave and everyone was cheering her on.

This was not a day that ended in a disaster. It was a day when Lucy learned that perseverance pays off.

(1)Why was Lucy taken to the park last weekend?

A. TO play other kids.

B. To discover a track for fun.

C. To find her speed was too slow.

D. To ride her bike along the track.

(2)What does the underlined sentence probably mean in Paragraph 2?

A. Lucy would get hurt and cry all the way home.

B. Lucy would fear to ride the bike and get discouraged.

C. Lucy would lose balance and slow the younger kids down.

D. Lucy would have trouble riding the bike and give up soon.

(3)What did Lucy take the bike into the main park for ?

A. Being cheered on by everyone.

B. Getting practice in an easier way.

C. Feeling more confident and coming back.

D. Reaching her goal of riding the bike at once.

(4)Which one is the right order of the events?

a. Lucy fell and got up lots of times.

b. Lucy picked up speed on a flat ground.

C. Lucy found her bike was too low for the bumps.

d. Lucy rode her bike around the whole track without falling onc

e.

A. a﹣b﹣c﹣d.

B. c﹣b﹣a﹣d.

C. c﹣a﹣b﹣d.

D. a﹣C﹣b﹣d.(5)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Playing in the Park Is Fun

B. Perseverance Pays off

C. Don't Be Afraid of Fall in

D. Riding Bikes Is Art

【答案】(1)D

(2)D

(3)B

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:上周末,我带露西去了一个公园,起初,我以为露西能沿着跑道骑自行车,但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在颠簸的路面上。因为她还是个骑自行车的新手,我认为她很快就放弃了。但我只对了一半。露西骑自行车确实有很多困难。她找不到平衡。她摔倒了很多次。有一次,她几乎哭了起来,但她没有放弃。她不断地振作起来,再试一次。这不是以灾难告终的一天。有一天,露西知道坚持是有回报的。

(1)细节理解题。根据At first, I thought Lucy was able to ride her bike along the track, but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump. 可知,起初,我以为露西可以沿着赛道骑车,但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在隆起的路面上。可知是去骑自行车,故答案是D。

(2)句意猜测题。根据 I imagined her throwing her bicycle to the ground and then crying all the way home.可知我想象着她把自行车扔到地上,然后一路哭回家,可知意思是露西骑自行车有困难,很快就放弃了,故答案是D。

(3)细节理解题。根据 She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground. 可知她甚至把自行车从跑道上带到主公园练习在平坦的地面上推开和加速。可知是为了以更简单的方式进行练习,故答案是B。(4)细节排序题。根据第一段but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在颠簸的顶部。第三段第二行She fell many times她摔了很多次;第三段中间She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground。她甚至把自行车从跑道上带到主公园练习在平坦的地面上推开和加速。第三段最后and over again until she finally reached her goal of going around the whole track without falling once,又一次,直到她最终达到了自己的目标,在整个赛道上不摔倒一次,故答案是C。

(5)标题判断题。根据:It was a day when Lucy learned that perseverance pays off. 这一天

露西知道坚持是有回报的,可知答案是B.

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、句意猜测题,细节排序题和标题判断题。细节理解题要可以直接从文中寻找答案;句义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定句子的意思;标题判断题需要在充分理解文章的基础上,总结中心思想,凝练句式,最终确定答案。

5.阅读材料,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

The year was 1859. America and England had already fought two wars. Now, they were at peace. But one day a pig got hungry. And it nearly caused another war between the two countries. The pig was owned by a British man who lived on a small island. The island was just off the western part of North America. Both England and the US said the island was theirs. Across the island from the British man lived some American farmers. Everyone on the island got along peacefully. But the peace ended the day the British man's pig decided to eat some of an American farmer's potatoes.

One of the American farmers shot and killed the pig. Then the pig's owner wanted $100 from the man who shot the animal. That was a lot of money, so the farmer refused to pay it. The British and Americans began to argue, and the situation got worse. The farmers asked the governor over the island at that time for help. He sent a group of soldiers to protect the farmers. The British answered by sending 2, 000 soldiers. The British were on one side of the island, and the Americans were on the other. The problem that began with the pig was about to become a shooting war.

When news of the problem reached Washington and London, both leaders were surprised. Neither country wanted another war. They sent some men to try to fix the problem. After a discussion, it was decided that each country would keep a small group of soldiers on the island. They would stay there until the two countries could decide who owned the island. Then the others would have to leave.

Twelve years went by. Neither side wanted to give u the island, but they knew they had to do something. They asked the leader of Germany to help decide. After nearly a year of discussion, a decision was made. America would get the island.

Finally, the Pig War was over and only one shot was fired. That was the shot that killed the pig!(1)What caused the problem on the island according to the passage?

A. An American shot a British man.

B. A group of soldiers came to the island.

C. British men destroyed an American's farmland.

D. A British man's pig ate some potatoes of an American farmer's.

(2)The underlined word "they" in Paragraph 4 refers to ________.

A. the farmers

B. the leaders

C. the soldiers

D. the Germans (3)According to the passage, the real purpose of the two countries was ________.

A. to own an island

B. to kill a pig

C. to get more money

D. to start a war (4)Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

A. The Pig Island

B. The Pig War

C. The Pig on the Island

D. The Island War

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:英美两国因一头英国人饲养的猪吃了美国人种植的土豆引起的争端,其实他们最终的目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句But the peace ended the day the British man's pig decided to eat some of an American farmer's potatoes.理解可知,这场战争的主要起因就是英国人的猪吃了美国人的土豆,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句After a discussion, it was decided that each country would keep a small group of soldiers on the island. They would stay there until the two countries could decide who owned the island. 理解可知,经过讨论,决定每个国家在岛上保留一小队士兵。他们将一直呆在那里,直到两国决定谁拥有这个岛。they指代的就是士兵,故选C。(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Twelve years went by. Neither side wanted to give u the island, but they knew they had to do something. They asked the leader of Germany to help decide. After nearly a year of discussion, a decision was made. America would get the island.理解可知,英美两国的最终目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,故选A。

(4)标题推断题。通读全文可知,英美的争议是因一头猪吃了土豆引起的,其实他们最终的目的就是争夺小岛的所有权,故选B。

【点评】考阅读理解。本题主要涉及细节理解题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中找到答案,而主旨大意题需要认真阅读仔细理解,归纳出中心思想。

6.阅读下面短文,从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

One afternoon, on my way home, I saw a car accident (事故)!

I asked people for help, but no one stopped. When the car driver and his wife saw this, they quickly closed the window of the car and drove away. "What shall I do? The old man needs help,"

I thought.

At that time, a truck stopped and the driver came out. "What's wrong with the old man? What can I do?" the driver asked me. "Sir, please help the old man. A car hit him and he is badly hurt!" I said. "well, don't worry. Let me take him to the hospital first," the driver said.

A few minutes later, the driver took the old man to the hospital and I called the police. I told the whole story to the police and I also told them the number of the car. The police said to me, "Well done, boy! Leave it to us, We will punish (惩罚) them!"

When I got home, it was 7: 30. I thought I was great.

(1)One afternoon, a car hit ________.

A. a young man

B. a boy

C. a truck

D. an old man

(2)What did the truck driver do?

A. He drove away quickly.

B. He stopped for a while and then drove away.

C. He took the old man to the hospital.

D. He called the police.

(3)What did the writer think of himself?

A. Very good.

B. Very terrible.

C. Very nervous.

D. Very surprised.(4)Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. When the car driver saw the accident, he quickly drove away

B. After a long time, the car driver took the old man to the hospital

C. The writer told the whole story to the police.

D. The writer got home at 7: 30

(5)What do you think of the writer?

A. He is a bad person.

B. He is a nice person.

C. He is a strange person.

D. He is a handsome person.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文作者讲述了一场交通事故的情况。

(1)细节题。根据 please help the old man. A car hit him and he is badly hurt!可知一辆轿车撞着一位老人。故选D.

(2)细节题。根据 well, don't worry. Let me take him to the hospital first," the driver said. 可知卡车司机把老人带到医院。故选C。

(3)细节题。根据 I thought I was great. 可知,作者认为自己是棒的。故选A。

(4)推断题。根据 When the car driver and his wife saw this, they quickly closed the window of the car and drove away. 可知A正确;根据well, don't worry. Let me take him to the hospital first," the truck driver said. 可知B错误;根据I told the whole story to the police 可知C正确;根据 When I got home, it was 7: 30. 可知D正确。故选B。

(5)推断题。根据 please help the old man. A car hit him and he is badly hurt!" I said. 可知这个男孩是一个善良的人。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和推理判断题都是常考题型。细节题要注意细节从文中找答案;推理题是根据上下文,推断出所需要的信息。

7.阅读理解

I'm writing this article in China, far away from my home in the United States. You might wonder what I do to remember my mom on Mother's Day. Well, l certainly call her to say "Happy Mother's Day" and promise that I will visit home soon.