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最新中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)经典

最新中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

Radio and television are very popular in the world today. Millions of people watch TV. Perhaps more people listen to the radio.

The TV, of course, is more useful than the radio. On TV you can see and hear what is happening in the world.

Now the radio is not disappearing. It's still with us. And the number of listeners is becoming larger. One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. The transistor radio is sometimes very small. It is very easy to carry. You can put one in your pocket and listen to it on the bus when you go to work. It is better for blind people. Many old people don't have good sight (视力)to watch TV. When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio. What's more,the radio is much cheaper than the TV.

(1)After the television was invented,people ____.

A. think it is unnecessary to use the radio

B. don't want to use the radio any more

C. are still using the radio

D. find the radio is disappearing

(2)One of the reasons for the larger number of listeners of the radio is that ____.

A. the TV was invented

B. the transistor radio was invented

C. people don't like watching TV

D. millions of people watch TV

(3)____ listen to the radio more because their sight isn't good enough.

A. Children

B. Young people

C. Old people

D. Adults

(4)Usually ____ can be used easily while people are moving or working.

A. the radio

B. the TV

C. both the TV and the radio

D. neither the radio nor the TV

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述收音机和电视机在世界上的很受欢迎,电视与收音机比,电视更有用,然而收音机由于体积小便宜,便于携带,听众也越来越多,深受老年人喜爱。

(1)细节题。根据Perhaps more people listen to the radio.可知,电视发明后,人们依然使用收音机,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. 可知,收音机听众的数量更多其中一个原因是晶体管收音机被发明,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据 Many old people don't have good sight(视力)to watch TV.可知,老年人由于视力不好听广播的人更多,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio.可知,通常人们移动或者工作时可以听收音机,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和推断题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻

找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

2.根据短文内容出选择正确答案。

B

Do you want to live a happier, less stressful life? Try laughing for no reason at all. That's how thousands of people start their day at Laughter (笑声)Clubs around the world and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy.

The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr. Madan Kataria. "Young children laugh about 300 times a day. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day," says Dr. Kataria. "Everyone is naturally good at laughing-it's the universal language. We want people to feel happy with their lives." There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over l,300 in the world.

Many doctors are also interested in the effects (效果) of laughter on our health. According to a 5-year study at the UCLA School of Medicine in California, with laughing there is less stress in the body. Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%.

So what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest club in South London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest, I wasn't interested in laughing with a group of strangers, and I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap our hands and say “ho ho ho, ha ha ha.” while looking at each other. However, our bodies can't tell the difference between real laughter and unreal laughter, so they still produce the same healthy effects.

Surprisingly, it worked! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real and some people just couldn't stop! At the end of the class I was surprised by how relaxed-and comfortable I felt. So if you're under stress, then start laughing. You might be very pleased with the results!

(1)The first Laughter Club was started in __________.

A. India

B. America

C. Britain

D. China

(2)How many Laughter Clubs are there in the world today?

A. Over 300.

B. Over 500.

C. Over 800.

D. Over l,300. (3)How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class?

A. Surprised.

B. Pleased

C. Nervous.

D. Tired.

(4)When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real?

A. After ten minutes.

B. After ten hours.

C. After ten seconds.

D. After ten days.(5)The article mainly tells us __________.

A. young children laugh much more often than adults in a day

B. laughing is one of the best ways to stay healthy

C. many-doctors are also interested in the effects of laughter on our health

D. real laughter and unreal laughter are both good for health

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】你想过一个快乐的,没有压力的生活?尝试毫无理由的大笑?全世界每天有成千上万的人在笑声俱乐部开始他们的一天。医生认为开怀大笑是最好的保健方式。

(1)细节理解。根据第二段The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr. Madan Kataria. 可知在印度,故选A。

(2)细节理解。根据第二段There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over l,300 in the world. 可知选D。

(3)细节理解。根据第四段 I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class可知作者开始紧张。故选C。

(4)细节理解。根据最后一段Surprisingly, it worked! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real and some people just couldn't stop! 可知10分钟后房间里的人都是在真笑。故选A。

(5)主旨大意。本文讲笑声俱乐部给人们的生活带来的变化,通过大笑来减少压力,过更快乐更健康的生活。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.根据短文内容理解选择正确答案。

B

Everyone worries. But how do you deal with your worries? Whether your worries are big or small, you can take these three steps to deal with your worries:

Try to find out what you're worried about.

Sometimes, you will know what you're worried about. Other times, you might not. Try to find it out first. If you can't, you can ask for help.

Think of ways to make it better

There is always something you can do to help you feel less worried. Sitting there worrying is no fun and it won’t solve your problem.

Grades at school are often a top worry for kids. If you're worried about grades, ask yourself these questions:

☆Why are grades important? What do grades mean to me?

☆How do I get ready for class? Do I go over (复习) my notes even when there isn't a test?

☆Do I have a good place to do my homework?

☆Have I tried different ways of studying?

Ask for help

When you're worried, it can help to find someone to talk to. You can ask your parents, friends, or teachers for help.

(1)How many steps of dealing with your worries are mentioned (提及) in the passage?

A. Two

B. Three

C. Four

D. Seven

(2)When you don't know what you're worried about, _______. A. you should try to find it out B. you can't ask for help C. you don't need to think of ways D. you can sit there worrying

(3)If you're worried about grades, you can ask yourself these questions except “_______”.

A. Why are grades important?

B. What do grades mean to me?

C. How do I get ready for class?

D. Why don't my friends like me?

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

【解析】【分析】这篇短文主要讲述了如何应对烦恼的三种方法,一是找出自己担心的问题,二是想办法让情况变得更好,三是请求帮助。

⑴ 细节理解题。根据Whether your worries are big or small, you can take these three steps to deal with your worries:描述,可知本题主要提到了三步应对烦恼的方法。故选B 。

⑵ 细节理解题。根据Try to find it out first; if you can't, you can’t ask for help.描述,可知当你不知道自己的烦恼是什么时,不要去请求帮助。故选A 。

⑶细节理解题。根据文中列出的几个问题★,可知不包括选项D 。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.阅读理解

Edinburgh is the world's "festival city". The city holds 12 festivals throughout the year, half of which are celebrated during the months of July and August. Hundreds of thousands of people visit the Scottish capital during the summer. Here are some of the events they can enjoy. The Edinburgh International Festival

This is the original (最初的) Edinburgh festival, which began in 1947.

Actors, musicians, dancers and opera singers from all over the world

perform for large audiences. You need tickets for most of the festival's

events, which take place in theaters around the city.

The Edinburgh Festival Fringe This is the largest art festival in the world, with thousands of

performances. Anyone can perform at the festival. Over 20,000 artists can

take part. Go to the Royal Mile, one of Edinburgh's main streets, to watch

performers such as magicians, acrobats (杂技演员) and comedians.

However, it can get very busy, as thousands of tourists and local (当地的)

people fill the city streets to enjoy the shows.

The Edinburgh International Book Festival

The largest book festival in the world began in 1983 and takes place

every year in Charlotte Square Gardens in the center of Edinburgh. There are

over 700 events for children and adults. You can meet many authors, talk to

them, ask them to sign a book or listen to them talk about their stories. The Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival

Music lovers come to this festival to enjoy musical performances all over

the city. Artists perform street theater, dance and circus (马戏) shows in amazing costumes (戏装). Everyone can enjoy the music and dance

performances.

A. Edinburgh is famous for its festivals.

B. Edinburgh is the capital of Wales.

C. Six of Edinburgh's festivals are held in July.

D. Summer is not the best time to visit Edinburgh.

(2)Which of the following is the largest art festival in the world?

A. The Edinburgh International Festival.

B. The Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

C. The Edinburgh International Book Festival.

D. The Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival.

(3)Where is the Edinburgh International Book Festival held?

A. At theaters around the city.

B. In the Royal Mile.

C. In Charlotte Square Gardens.

D. On Edinburgh's main streets.

(4)What is the purpose of the story?

A. To describe the city of Edinburgh.

B. To describe some festivals in Edinburgh.

C. To prove that Edinburgh is the world's art center.

D. To encourage more artists to perform in Edinburgh.

【答案】 (1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Edinburgh 的四个节日。

(1)细节题。根据Edinburgh is the world's "festival city".可知Edinburgh 是世界的节日城市,即以它的节日闻名,故选A 。

(2)细节题。根据第二个表格This is the largest art festival in the world 可知the Edinburgh Festival Fringe 是世界上最大的艺术节,故选B 。

(3)细节题。根据第三个表格The largest book festival in the world began in 1983 and takes place every year in Charlotte Square Gardens in the center of Edinburgh.可知在Charlotte Square Gardens 举行,故选C 。

(4)细节题。根据全文可知主要讲了Edinburgh 的四个节日,故选B 。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

Some people think only school children do not agree with their parents.

However, it is not true.

Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages. If it's hard for you to communicate with your parents, don't worry about it. Here is some advice for you to bridge the generation gap(消除代沟).

Don't argue with your parents. Don't get to your parents when you are angry. Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them. And you can't express yourself well if you are angry. Go to some-place to calm down. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents. If you don't think you can speak to them at the moment, try writing a letter.

Try to reach a compromise(和解).Perhaps you and your parents disagree on something. You can keep your disagreement and try your best to accept each other. Michael's mother didn't agree with him about buying a motorcycle. They argued over it. But they finally came to a compromise. Michael bought the motorcycle, but only drove it on certain days. Of course, your parents might refuse to compromise on something. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect to them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong.

Talk about your values. The values of your parents are probably different from those of your own. Tell your parents what you care about and why. Understanding your values might help them see your purposes in life.

A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. Please have a try!

(1)The passage tells us have a communication problem.

A. parents and other people

B. school kids and their parents

C. teachers and their students

D. parents and their children of all ages

(2)Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you .

A. don't often get to them

B. write a letter to them

C. don't speak to them politely

D. express yourself well

(3)The underlined phrase "calm down" in the passage means " ".

A. make yourself happy

B. get yourself quiet and relaxed

C. have a good rest

D. hide yourself quickly

(4)From the passage we can learn that .

A. parents and children should not have a generation gap

B. parents should show love and respect to their children

C. there are some good ways to bridge the generation gap

D. there are so many serious problems in families today

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:有些人认为只有学校的孩子不同意他们的父母。但事实并非如此。沟通对所有年龄段的父母和孩子都是一个问题。如果你很难与父母沟通,不要担

心。短文为我们提供了一些见建议,告诉我们如何弥合代购,同时告诉我们,只有与父母和好相处的人才会更有出息。

(1)细节理解题,根据Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages.可知短文谈论的是孩子和父母所面临的最为平常的问题,故答案是D。

(2)细节理解题,根据Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them.可知,如果喊叫着跟父母说,父母是不会同意你的想法的,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据And you can't express yourself well if you are angry. Go to some-place to calm down. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents.可知,calm down是冷静,镇静的意思,故答案是B。

(4)逻辑推理题,根据文章内容可知,本文主要讲述如何弥补代沟的建议,所以代沟是有好多办法来弥补的,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

6.阅读理解

When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.

At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived poorly in the countryside while his stepmother was from a wealthy family.

His father introduced Hill to his stepmother as he said, "Dear, I hope you notice in the entire shire this is the worst boy, who has made me have no other way. Maybe before tomorrow morning he will throw a stone at you, or do a bad thing you will never imagine."

To Hill's surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a smile, held up his head and looked at him carefully. She then turned around to tell her husband, "You're wrong. He is not the worst boy in the entire shire, but the cleverest and most creative boy. Only he doesn't find a place to show himself."

His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother. And this became the drive of his life, making him create 28 successful golden rules, which helped tens of thousands of ordinary people walk on the road to success.

Before his stepmother came, no one praised him smart, and his father and neighbours considered him as a bad boy. However, his stepmother's words changed his life.

When Hill was 14 years old, his stepmother bought him a used typewriter and said to him, "I believe you will become a writer." Hill accepted his stepmother's gift and expectation, and started writing things to a local newspaper. He understood his stepmother's strong feeling of interest in his family while he saw with his own eyes she had changed his family. Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.

The strength from his stepmother made him a rich man and famous writer in the United States and one of the most important persons in the 20th century.

Praise will never be unnecessary, especially for children. A sincere(真诚的)praise may be

better than 10, 000 bad words.

(1)What did people think of Hill before the age of nine?

A. Clever.

B. Creative.

C. Unfriendly.

D. Foolish.

(2)Hill started making friends with his stepmother after she .

A. smiled at him

B. looked at him carefully

C. said good words about him

D. said bad words about him

(3)Which of the following is WRONG about Hill?

A. He accepted his stepmother's typewriter.

B. He failed to do as he was expected.

C. He started writing to a local newspaper.

D. He understood his stepmother.

(4)The passage was written mainly to tell us that .

A. children should be praised

B. Hill's father married again

C. Hill's stepmother was kind to him

D. Hill's father was cruel to him

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:小时候,希尔是一个坏孩子,当他九岁时,父亲娶了继母,父亲告诉吉姆他是个坏孩子,但是继母说他不会,而是个聪明的孩子,从此他跟继母的关系变的越来越好。在继母的关爱下成为美国著名的作家。

(1)细节理解题,根据When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.可知,希尔九岁前是个出了名的坏孩子,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother.可知,在继母说了他的好话后,他开始跟继母交朋友,故答案是C。

(3)正误判断题,根据Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.可知他跟继母期盼的做的一样好,因此B的陈述是错误的,故答案是B。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章内容可知,继母的表扬让他发生了很大的变化,因此可知,孩子们是需要表扬的,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、正误判断题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

7.阅读理解

There are few families in the United States that do not have either a radio or a television set. Both of them have become necessary parts of our daily life, keeping us Americans filled with the news of the day, teaching us in many fields of interest, and making us happy with singing, dancing and acting.

Marconi, the Italian inventor, who gave us the radio, probably didn't know how much his great invention would have done for the world in the years to come. Radio had, perhaps done as much as any other communication tool. Things of the world can be reported to people everywhere a

few seconds after they happen. Travellers in out-of-the-way places, ships at sea and even astronauts around the Earth are able to keep in touch with each other by radio.

Television is another important invention. It lets us see as well as hear the actor. Since its appearance, TV has done a great deal in the daily life of people everywhere. Many programmes are now televised in colour.

Perhaps the most modern invention is "Telstar", a "star" moving around the Earth. It makes it possible for people all over the world to be closer than ever before. Now a family in Chicago can watch a motorcar race in Italy, a table tennis competition in Beijing or a volleyball match in Japan on TV as these events are actually happening!

(1)The passage tells us that in the USA have no radios or television sets.

A. a large number of homes

B. all the families

C. a small number of families

D. quite a few homes

(2)Why does the passage say radio and TV have become necessary parts of our daily life?

A. Because they have included nearly everything in our life.

B. Because man would not live happily without them.

C. Because they are the only ways to spread information.

D. Because no communication means no life.

(3)What is the use of a "Telstar" according to the passage?

A. To receive and store information only.

B. To move around the Earth just like the Moon.

C. To give light onto the Earth at night.

D. To help broadcast radio or TV information to the world.

(4)Who do you think the writer of the passage is?

A. An Italian.

B. A Japanese.

C. An American.

D. A Chinese reporter.

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了电视在美国生活中的重要性。

(1)细节题。根据There are few families in the United States that do not have either a radio or a television set,可知在美国少数家庭没有收音机或电视机,故选C。

(2)推理题。根据Both of them have become necessary parts of our daily life可知,因为它们几乎包含了我们生活中的一切所以广播和电视已经成为我们日常生活中不可或缺的一部分,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据It makes it possible for people all over the world to be closer than ever before这使得全世界的人比以往任何时候都更亲近可知T elstar帮助向世界广播电台或电视信息,故选D。

(4)推理题。根据keeping us Americans filled with the news of the day使我们美国人充满了一天中的新闻可知作者是美国人,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断

题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

8.阅读理解

Two men were going through a forest.

"I am afraid," said one, "that we may meet with wild animals." "Fear nothing, friend Quickwit," cried the other, whose name was Braggart, "If they come at us, we shall stand by one another like men. I have a strong arm, a str ong heart, and…"

"Hark!" cried the first in fear, as a low sound was heard from somewhere nearby, Braggart, who was light and nimble, climbed up a tree like a squirrel (松鼠), leaving his friend, who was not so active, to face the danger alone! Quickwit could do nothing but throw himself on the ground and pretended(假装) to be dead; for he had heard that bears would never touch a dead body. In no time the bear camp up to him, sniffed(用鼻子吸气) at him. Quickwit did not dare to move; and the bear, thinking him dead, went off into the wood again, leaving him quite unharmed!

When Braggart saw that the danger was over, he came down from the tree and tried to pass off the matter with a joke. "Well, my friend Quickwit," he said, "what did the bear say to you when he put his mouth dose to your ear?"

"He told me," replied Quickwit, "never again to trust a man who talks big like you!"

(1)The correct order of the following events is .

a. Two men were going through a forest.

b. Quickwit threw himself on the ground.

c. Braggart climbed up a tree like a squirrel.

d. A low sound was heard from somewhere nearby.

A. a-b-d-c

B. a-d-c-b.

C. d-a-c-b

D. d-b-c-a

(2)The bear left Quickwit because it .

A. was hit by Braggart

B. felt pity for him

C. thought he was dead

D. didn't like his smell

(3)We can learn from the passage that .

A. a true friend reaches for your hand

B. a friend to all is a friend to none

C. a good friend is a good listener

D. a real friend never argues with you

(4)The best title for the passage would be .

A. A Fight Between Two Travelers

B. The Travelers and the Bear

C. A Kind-hearted Bear

D. A True Friend in Trouble

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】大意:文章主要讲述了两个男人在森林里遇到熊的故事。

(1)细节理解题。根据 Two men were going through a forest. 两个男人正在穿越森林—— a low sound was heard from somewhere nearby 一个奇怪的声音从附近传来—— Braggart, who

was light and nimble, climbed up a tree like a squirrel (松鼠) Braggart像松鼠一样爬上树——Quickwit could do nothing but throw himself on the ground and pretended(假装)to be dead .Quickwit躺在地上装死,可知事情发生的正确顺序为 a—d—c—b。故选B

(2)细节理解题。根据第三段 and the bear, thinking him dead .可知,熊以为他死了。故选C。

(3)推理判断题。根据文章,熊来了的时候Braggart没有伸出援手而是自己爬上树,说明他不是一个真正的朋友,真正的朋友是会伸出援手的。故选A。

(4)主旨大意题。通读全文可知,文章主要讲了两个男人在森林里遇到熊的故事,因此旅行者和熊是最好的标题。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

9.阅读理解

When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.

At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived poorly in the countryside while his stepmother was from a wealthy family.

His father introduced Hill to his stepmother as he said, "Dear, I hope you notice in the entire shire this is the worst boy, who has made me have no other way. Maybe before tomorrow morning he will throw a stone at you, or do a bad thing you will never imagine."

To Hill's surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a smile, held up his head and looked at him carefully. She then turned around to tell her husband, "You're wrong. He is not the worst boy in the entire shire, but the cleverest and most creative boy. Only he doesn't find a place to show himself."

His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. Then he started building friendship with his stepmother. And this became the drive of his life, making him create 28 successful golden rules, which helped tens of thousands of ordinary people walk on the road to success.

Before his stepmother came, no one praised him smart, and his father and neighbors considered him as a bad boy. However, his stepmother's words changed his life.

When Hill was 14 years old, his stepmother bought him a used typewriter and said to him, "I believe you will become a writer." Hill accepted his stepmother's gift and expectation, and started writing things to a local newspaper. He understood his stepmother's strong feeling of interest in his family while he saw with his own eyes she had changed his family. Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.

The strength from his stepmother made him a rich man and famous writer in the United States and one of the most important persons in the 20th century.

Praise will never be unnecessary, especially for children. Sincere (真诚的) praise may be better than 10,000 bad words.

(1)What did people think of Hill before the age of nine?

A. lever.

B. Creative.

C. Unfriendly.

D. Stupid.

(2)Which of the following is WRONG about Hill?

A. He accepted his stepmother's typewriter.

B. He failed to do as he was expected.

C. He started writing to a local newspaper.

D. He understood his stepmother.

(3)The writer is most probably an expert of _________.

A. house building

B. diet

C. news writing

D. education

(4)The passage was written mainly to tell us that _________.

A. children should be praised

B. Hill's father married again

C. Hill's stepmother was kind to him

D. Hill's father was cruel to him

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】大意:一个在别人眼里是最坏的男孩的Hill,他继母的来临后,继母几句表扬的话改变了聪明的一生,他继母的力量让他成为一名富人作家和美国最重要的人物,作者以Hill事例向我们展示了表扬的重要性。

(1)推断题。根据When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.可知,他九岁之前,人们认为他是一个出了名的坏小孩,可推出坏小孩一般对他人都是不友好的,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据started writing things to a local newspaper.and famous writer in the United States可知,Hill没有辜负继母的期望,B选项与原文不符,故选B。

(3)推断题。作者以Hill事例向我们展示了表扬的重要性,可推出作者应该是教育方面的专家,故选D。

(4)主旨题。作者以Hill事例向我们展示了表扬的重要性,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、推断题和主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要根据上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

10.阅读理解

最新中考英语阅读理解专题(含答案)经典

Hover Camera

Wang Mengqiu, the inventor of Hover Camera, was born in Hangzhou in 1982. He once studied at Stanford University in the United States. He became famous overnight (一夜成名)because of the invention.

Forget selfie sticks(自拍杆)! Compared with other cameras, Hover Camera has many

advantages.

*It can fly and stay in midair, track your face and even follow you to make sure it gets the perfect picture.

*It can be controlled by using a smartphone.

*It records movements with a 13MP camera and takes 4K video.

*It is the best choice for weddings, sports games and holidays.

Mr. Wang also said, "The main design consideration is easy and safe to take for the users. It's .very light and small. It can be folded(折叠) in two, so it can be easily put into a bag. When the power is low, it can land on the ground safely on its own. "

It's reported that the company has raised $ 25 million to produce it. Hover Camera can be bought now. The price is $ 599.

(1)Hover Camera can.

A. swim in the water

B. fly in midair

C. change its weight

D. be used as a phone (2)The underlined word "track" means "___________".

A. pull

B. follow

C. push

D. show

(3)According to the passage, why is Hover Camera easy and safe to take?

A. Because it's light and small.

B. Because it can be folded in three.

C. Because it doesn't need power.

D. Because only a smartphone can make it land.

(4)Which is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How can we control Hover Camera?

B. When can we buy Hover Camera?

C. How much is Hover Camera?

D. How popular will Hover Camera be?

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了一种可以飞到半空中并悬浮在那的相机。

(1)细节题。根据文中列举的好处中的第一条 It can fly and stay in mid-air,可知它可以飞到半空中并悬浮在那,故选B。

(2)词义猜测题。根据文中列举的好处中的第一条track your face and even follow you to make sure it gets the perfect picture,追随着你的脸,甚至会跟随你,以确保它得到了完美的照片,故可知track词义与follow相近,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据倒数第三段Mr. Wang also said,"The main design consideration is easy and safe to take for the users. It's very light and small.王先生说:"这个主要的考虑是使用者携带它的时候很容易也很安全,很轻而且小巧,故选A。

(4)细节题。A选项:根据文中列举的好处中的第二条It can be controlled by using a smartphone,它能被智能手机所控制,故排除A.B选项:根据倒数第二段Hover Camera

can be bought later this year它可以在年底购买,故排除B,C选项:根据倒数第一段But a spokesman says the company hopes to sell it for less than $600,可知价格也有被提到,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题,词义猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

11.阅读理解

When we think of paper, we think of newspapers and books. But there are many other uses. Only half of the world's paper is used for books and newspapers.

Paper is very good for keeping you warm. You have perhaps seen homeless men sleep on a large number of newspapers. In Finland, it is sometimes-40℃ in winter. The farmers wear paper boots(靴子)in the snow. Nothing could be warmer.

Each year, more and more things are made of paper. We have had paper cups and plates for a long time. But now we hear that chairs, tables, and even beds can be made of paper. Besides paper boots and shoes, you can wear paper hats, paper dresses, and paper raincoats. When you have used them once, you may throw them away and buy new ones.

The latest use of paper seems to be paper houses. These are not small houses for children to play in, but real, big houses for people to live in. You can buy a house with three rooms for about 500 dollars. You can put it up by yourself in a few hours, and you can use it for about five years.(1)Only half of the world's paper is used to _________.

A. build houses

B. help the homeless people

C. make chairs, tables and beds

D. print(印刷)newspapers and books

(2)The farmers in Finland wear paper boots in winter _________.

A. to feel much cooler

B. to be cool

C. to keep their feet warm

D. to save a lot of money

(3)The latest use of paper seems to be paper houses. These houses are _________.

A. big and strong enough to live in for many years

B. made for children to play in or for homeless men to live in

C. made only for the rich people

D. not expensive and easy to build up

(4)After you use a paper raincoat, you may _________.

A. use it for a long time

B. sell it to others

C. lend it to others

D. throw it away

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了纸的新用途,可以用来做靴子,做帽子、做纸裙、做纸雨衣还能建造房子,这样的房子可以使用五年。

(1)细节理解题,根据Only half of the world's paper is used for books and newspapers.可知,世界上只有一半的纸用来印刷报纸和书,故答案是D。

(2)逻辑推理题,根据The farmers wear paper boots(靴子)in the snow. Nothing could be warmer.可知芬兰的农民穿纸靴子保暖,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据You can buy a house with three rooms for about 500 dollars. You can put it up by yourself in a few hours, and you can use it for about five years.可知纸房子不贵也很容易搭建,故答案是D。

(4)细节理解题,根据When you have used them once, you may throw them away and buy new ones.可知纸雨衣用过之后会扔掉,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

12.阅读理解

A British company has made a new product to help us save money. The product is a wristband that gives us an electric shock if we spend too much money. The wristband is called Pavlok. It is linked to our bank account. It knows how much money we have in the bank. If we go shopping and there is not enough money in our bank account, the wristband makes an electric shock on our wrists. This warns us not to overspend. The company is called Intelligent Environments. It wants to work with banks to help customers with their money. So far, no banks in Britain have said they would ask their customers to wear Pavlok. They could start doing this in the future.

The Pavlok wristband is part of the Internet of Things. This is the idea that everything in our life will be connected to the Internet. The CEO of Intelligent Environments, David Webber, said people liked the idea of the Pavlok. Shoppers would rather get a small electric shock in the store from the wristband than get a big shock later when they see their bank account. Mr. Webber said the Pavlok would be great for people who cannot stop spending because they have no power or their power is weak. He added that many young people have the "ostrich effect". This is when people put their heads in the sand and buy things rather than look at how much money they have in their bank accounts.

(1)The company made the product to help itself _________.

A. make money

B. save money

C. spend money

D. rob money

(2)The wristband has to work with _________.

A. shops

B. doctors

C. banks

D. Intelligent Environments

(3)Mr. Webber thinks the wristband is _________.

A. helpless

B. great

C. a big surprise

D. cheap

(4)You can read this passage in a _________.

A. health magazine

B. science magazine

C. sports magazine

D. weather report

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了英国生产的帮助人们省钱的工具——腕带,如果你花钱多了,它会电击你,它是互联网的一部分。

(1)逻辑推理题,公司的目的是赚钱,他生产这种东西就为为了赚钱,故答案是A。(2)细节理解题,根据It is linked to our bank account.可知它跟银行账户关联,故答案是C。

(3)逻辑推理题,根据最后一段的陈述可知,韦伯认为这种产品很棒,故答案是B。(4)文章出处题,这是一篇科普性的文章,应出现在科学杂志上,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、逻辑推理题和文章出处题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实;文章出处题需要根据文章内容来判断文章的来源。

13.阅读理解

I opened the door. "Where are you going, Mom?" my elder son asked me. And his little brother asked, "Can we come, too?" "I'm going for a coffee," I answered. "And no, you can't come." Then I ran away before they could say something. But the guilt(内疚的) feelings slowly went away. Being a mom is hard work. There's always something new to do to make my kids happy. Sometimes, I need to do something just for me. It teaches my kids an important lesson: I matter, too.

I know parenting articles often tell us it's OK to take time for ourselves. But it's so much harder to walk the talk. Of course, we should put ourselves first sometimes. And not just when we are sick. I'm talking about putting ourselves first in other ways. For example, tell the baby that after thirty minutes of reading to them, you are going to read your own book or eat at your favorite restaurant. These selfish moments are good ways to teach our children that we are important too. When you ask my kids "What does mom like?" They can answer with some of my interests and favorite things: reading books, watching movies, taking care of animals and them. They often see me do the things I enjoy, so they understand me and would stay with Dad. This understanding is good for our children. "She's a mom" shouldn't be the only way your child describes you. If it is, it's time to be a little selfish, Moms.

(1)Why did the woman leave her children quickly?

A. She had little time left that day.

B. She tried not to change her mind.

C. She didn't want to explain herself.

D. She had many things to do that day.

(2)What does the underlined part in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. It's easier said than done.

B. It's harder to make a start.

C. It's harder to keep our word.

D. It's not easy to take a walk.

(3)Why do the women's kids know her favorites?

A. They have the same interests.

B. They often do things together.

C. They often see what she's doing.

D. Their dad tells them about her interests.

(4)What's the purpose of the passage? To tell Moms______________.

A. How to be a good mother at home.

B. to enjoy staying with their kids.

C. How to become a cool mom to your kids.

D. to stop always putting their kids first.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文介绍了妈妈在日常生活中,在照顾孩子的同时,应该有自己的兴趣和爱好,不应该总是把孩子放在第一位置,这样做对孩子有好处。

(1)推断题。根据 Then I ran away before they could say something. But the guilt(内疚的)feelings slowly went away.可知妈妈怕自己感到不带孩子感到内疚,会改变主意,所以很快离开,故选B。

(2)词句猜测题。根据 I know parenting articles often tell us it's OK to take time for ourselves.可知父母为自己花费些时间是可以的,下文but但是表示转折,可猜出it's so much harder to walk the talk.这句意思应该是说起来容易做起来难,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据 They often see me do the things I enjoy可知孩子知道她最喜欢的事,因为孩子经常看见她做她自己喜欢的事情,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据文章内容,本文介绍了妈妈在日常生活中,在照顾孩子的同时,应该有自己的兴趣和爱好,不应该总是把孩子放在第一位置,这样做对孩子有好处。故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、词句猜测题、推理判断题和主旨题都是常考题型。细节题要注意细节从文中找答案;词句猜测题根据前后文意思,猜测出句意;推理判断题是根据上下文,推断出所需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.阅读理解

Sometimes I really doubt whether there is love between my parents. Every day they are very busy trying to make money for my schooling.

One day, my mother was sewing a quilt(缝被子).I silently sat beside her.

"Mom, is there love between you and Dad? "I asked in a very low voice.

With surprise in her eyes, she stopped her work for a while. Then she said, "Susan, look at this thread(线).It can hardly be seen, but it's really there. It makes the quilt strong. If life is a quilt, love should be a thread. Love is inside."

I couldn't understand her until the next spring. At that time, my father suddenly got sick seriously. My mother had to stay with him in the hospital for a month.

After they were back, my mother helped my father walk slowly on the country road every day. They were so kind to each other and it seemed they were the happiest couple.

After two months my father still couldn't walk by himself.

"Dad, how are you feeling now? "I asked him one day.

"Susan, don't worry about me, "he said. "I just like walking with your mom. I like this kind of life." Reading his eyes, I knew he loves my mother deeply.

Now I understand that love is just a thread in the quilt of our life. Love is inside, making life strong and warm.

(1)Susan's father stayed in hospital for _________.

A. one day

B. one month

C. two months

D. three months

(2)Susan came to understand her mother _________.

A. while her mother was sewing a quilt

B. before her father was in hospital

C. when she was sitting beside her mother

D. after her father was seriously sick

(3)What can we know from the passage?

A. Susan's father is very lazy.

B. Susan's mother is a nurse.

C. Susan's parents love each other.

D. Susan doesn't like her father.

(4)Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

A. How to make a quilt strong

B. Love is just a thread

C. Walking on the country road

D. A seriously sick father

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:作者通过讲述妈妈缝被子的事,明白了爱只是我们生活被子里的一根线。爱是内在的,让生活变得坚强和温暖。

(1)细节理解题,根据My mother had to stay with him in the hospital for a month.可知爸爸在医院待了一个月,故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据I couldn't understand her until the next spring. At that time, my father suddenly got sick seriously.My mother had to stay with him in the hospital for a month.可知,当爸爸生了重病时,作者才理解了她的妈妈,故答案是C。

(3)逻辑推理题,根据I just like walking with your mom. I like this kind of life.可知作者的父母是彼此相爱的,故答案是C。

(4)标题判断题,根据Now I understand that love is just a thread in the quilt of our life.可知文章的标题是:爱就是一条线,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、逻辑推理题和标题判断题几种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要联系上下文,按照一定的逻辑推理方式推断出需要的信息;标题判断题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,最后凝练句式获取答案。

15.阅读理解

Improve Your Learning Skills!

Want higher marks?

Have an important exam soon?

Come to the workshop and learn how to:

?Read faster

?Take better notes

?Improve your spelling

Wednesday, March 13, 3 pm-5 pm, Room 314

Bring a notebook, a dictionary, and a pencil.

See you there.

A. reading

B. grammar

C. speaking

D. pronunciation

(2)People need to stay in the workshop for ______.

A. one hour

B. two hours

C. three hours

D. four hours (3)People should bring ______ if they go to the workshop.

A. a pen

B. a notebook

C. an English book

D. a computer

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文是关于如何提高英语的广告。

(1)细节题。根据 Read faster 可知在研讨会上可以提高阅读,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据 Wednesday, March 13, 3 pm-5 pm可知人们在研讨会上待2个小时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据 Bring a notebook 看着需要带笔记本,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案。

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