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最新中考英语阅读理解练习题 (word)

最新中考英语阅读理解练习题(word)

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文理解选择正确答案。

D

In Paris, one freezing winter evening, I was having dinner with my friend, Mr. Dupin, the famous detective. We had just finished our meal, when there was a loud knocking at the door. Dupin opened it. There stood Mr. Germain, the chief警长)of the Paris Police.

We welcomed him warmly, for he was an old acquaintance(熟人)whom we hadn't seen for a great time.

"I need your assistance," said Germain. "I met a case(案件)that has been giving me a great deal of trouble. It is very simple but very strange."

“Also, please keep this secret. If anyone found out that I told you this. I would certainly lose my job.”

“Well, then,” said the Chief,” I have learned that a very important letter has been stolen from the king. We are sure who stole it and that the letter is in his house."

"But who would dare do such a thing" I cried.

"The thief," said Germain softly, "He's a man who darers do many dangerous things. He is one of the mos t powerful and important ministers in the government. He is Minister Danton.”

"A lot of times, while Minister Danton was out, a lot of well-trained police officers carefully searched the entire house, room by room. In fact, we examined everything in the house but found nothing."…

A month later, Dupin asked Germain and me to his house. There he took out a letter and handed it to the Chief. We were both very surprised.

Dupin explained, "I know Minister Danton very well. He could not hide the letter in any of the usual hiding places. I realized that he might have left the letter out in the open, right under everyone's nose, where no one would search for it."

"Then I visited him with my dark glasses on to help me observe(观察)better. While we were chatting, a dirty, torn letter in the letter holder suddenly caught my eyes-unusual for the Minister, who is careful and neat."

"I was sure it was the letter."

"Then I purposely left my gloves behind so I could come back again."

"The next morning, I hired a man to fire a gun on the street, while the Minister went to see what happened, I stole the letter by replacing it with a similar one, On it Dupin wrote these words:

Your plan was good, but mine was better

As you can see, I took the letter.

----Based on a story by Edgar Allan Poe

(1)The underlined word "assistance" in the third paragraph probably meanshere.

A. hobby

B. help

C. habit

D. holiday

(2)Who is the best at solving difficult cases according to the passage?

A. The writer.

B. Mr. Germain.

C. Mr. Dupin.

D. Minister Danton.(3)Dupin did all the following things to help get the letter back EXCEPT .

A. wearing his dark glasses when visiting Danton's house

B. leaving his gloves purposely behind in Danton's house

C. hiring a man to fire a gun on the street the next morning

D. writing some words on the letter he put into the letter holder

(4)From the passage we can infer that .

A. Dupin and Danton are also acquaintances

B. Dupin and the writer are both detectives

C. Danton and the writer are new friends

D. Germain and Danton are dangerous enemies

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文讲述法国巴黎的著名侦探杜宾先生的故事。警长因为一个棘手的案子请杜宾帮忙找回国王丢失的一封信,他知道信在部长那里,但是就是找不到。杜宾先生去了部长家里,凭着敏锐的眼睛发现了那封信的所在,然后巧妙的将信调包,帮助了警长。

(1)词义猜测。根据I met a case(案件)that has been giving me a great deal of trouble可知警长遇到了很麻烦的案子请杜宾先生帮忙。hobby爱好;help帮助;habit习惯;holiday 假期。故选B。

(2)推理判断。根据文章内容 In fact, we examined everything in the house but found nothing.和A month later, Dupin asked Germain and me to his house. There he took out a letter and handed it to the Chief. 可知没人找到那封信在哪里,但是一个月后杜宾先生找到了,故选C。

(3)细节理解。注意题目:为了得到那封信,杜宾先生做了以下事情,除了哪一个。根据 "Then I visited him with my dark glasses on to help me observe(观察)better.可知A项正确;根据Then I purposely left my gloves behind so I could come back again可知B项正确;根据The next morning, I hired a man to fire a gun on the street可知C正确;根据I stole the letter by replacing it with a similar one, On it Dupin wrote these words……可知D项虽然也是文章内容,但是并不是杜宾为了取得信而做的事情。所以选D。

(4)推理判断。根据I know Minister Danton very well. 和 I visited him with my dark glasses

on以及While we were chatting,可知杜宾与丹顿部长是熟人。故选A。

【点评】故事类阅读要紧扣故事的时间线索,人物间的关系,故事的发展和结局,点明的主旨等信息。答题时注意问题中的关键词在文章中的准确定位,根据关键词查找信息,切忌主观臆断,凭感觉做题

2.阅读理解

Some people think only school children do not agree with their parents.

However, it is not true.

Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages. If it's hard for you to communicate with your parents, don't worry about it. Here is some advice for you to bridge the generation gap(消除代沟).

Don't argue with your parents. Don't get to your parents when you are angry. Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them. And you can't express yourself well if you are angry. Go to some-place to calm down. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents. If you don't think you can speak to them at the moment, try writing a letter.

Try to reach a compromise(和解).Perhaps you and your parents disagree on something. You can keep your disagreement and try your best to accept each other. Michael's mother didn't agree with him about buying a motorcycle. They argued over it. But they finally came to a compromise. Michael bought the motorcycle, but only drove it on certain days. Of course, your parents might refuse to compromise on something. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect to them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong.

Talk about your values. The values of your parents are probably different from those of your own. Tell your parents what you care about and why. Understanding your values might help them see your purposes in life.

A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. Please have a try!

(1)The passage tells us have a communication problem.

A. parents and other people

B. school kids and their parents

C. teachers and their students

D. parents and their children of all ages

(2)Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you .

A. don't often get to them

B. write a letter to them

C. don't speak to them politely

D. express yourself well

(3)The underlined phrase "calm down" in the passage means " ".

A. make yourself happy

B. get yourself quiet and relaxed

C. have a good rest

D. hide yourself quickly

(4)From the passage we can learn that .

A. parents and children should not have a generation gap

B. parents should show love and respect to their children

C. there are some good ways to bridge the generation gap

D. there are so many serious problems in families today

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:有些人认为只有学校的孩子不同意他们的父母。但事实并非如此。沟通对所有年龄段的父母和孩子都是一个问题。如果你很难与父母沟通,不要担心。短文为我们提供了一些见建议,告诉我们如何弥合代购,同时告诉我们,只有与父母和好相处的人才会更有出息。

(1)细节理解题,根据Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages.可知短文谈论的是孩子和父母所面临的最为平常的问题,故答案是D。

(2)细节理解题,根据Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them.可知,如果喊叫着跟父母说,父母是不会同意你的想法的,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据And you can't express yourself well if you are angry. Go to some-place to calm down. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents.可知,calm down是冷静,镇静的意思,故答案是B。

(4)逻辑推理题,根据文章内容可知,本文主要讲述如何弥补代沟的建议,所以代沟是有好多办法来弥补的,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

3.阅读理解

Students at a primary school in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits.

But some parents are strongly against the idea. They can't see the advantages of students doing such chores(杂事). They think that the school should provide students with a proper education, not the chance to be school cleaners.

In fact, parents, schools and society play an equally(同等地)important role in developing the character of students. It is good for schools to give students such tasks, because few of the students will do them at home. Their parents want them to do homework only. In recent years, some parents will make mountains out of molehills when students are asked to do some chores in schools. Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools' teaching methods and management. As a result, many primary schools, especially those in big cities, do not let students join in outdoor activities during breaks, fearing that they might get hurt. This is bad for the development of students' best qualities.

What the primary school in Fuzhou is doing is worth praising. Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students' minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork. Also, it can make students' in-school experiences more meaningful.

(1)A primary school in Fuzhou required the students to .

A. do homework only

B. finish homework at school

C. clean the playground

D. clean the school toilets

(2)Some parents don't think that the school should provide students with .

A. a proper education

B. a chance to be cleaners

C. a chance to be teachers

D. more housework

(3)The underlined phrase "make mountains out of molehills" means" ".

A. 愚公移山

B. 山穷水尽

C. 小题大做

D. 眉飞色舞(4)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Students shouldn't do any chores in school.

B. Parents require students to do some chores in school.

C. Some parents think doing some chores is harmful to students.

D. Doing some chores can develop students' good qualities.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了福州一所小学让学生们打扫厕所来朋友学生的好习惯,对此一些父母的意见及其好处。

(1)细节题。根据Students at a primary school in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits可知福州一所小学让学生们打扫厕所来朋友学生的好习惯,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据They think that the school should provide students with a proper education, not the chance to be school cleaners.可知一些父母认为不应该让学生成为学习清洁工,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据后句Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools' teaching methods and management.一些家长抱怨老师是否孩子在学校受伤,甚至挑战老师的教学方法和管理,所以一些家长容易小题大做,故选C。

(4)主旨题,根据Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students' minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork. Also, it can make students' in-school experiences more meaningful.可知做家务可以培养学生的责任心、团队精神、让学生的在校经历更有意义,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

4.阅读理解

The word, "photography", was first used in 1839. It comes from the Greek words that mean "to write with light". But photography could only give people static pictures. So scientists were trying hard to find ways to make pictures that can move. They made lots of experiments, but failed

again and again. It was Eadweard Muybridge who finally succeeded. He was the first photographer to try this successfully. But how did he make it? It was an interesting story.

Back in 1872, people didn't know exactly(确切地)whether all four of a horse's hooves (蹄)left the ground at the same time when it was running. A gentleman called Leland Stanford made a bet with his friend about it. Most people believed that a horse always had one hoof on the ground, or it would fall over. But Stanford didn't think so.

At that time, it was hard to know who could win the bet, because a horse's legs move so fast that it is impossible to tell just by looking. So they needed a way to record the movement of a running horse. Then Stanford offered $ 25,000 to the famous photographer, Muybridge, to help find the answer. In the beginning, Muybridge failed to get clear images, but he didn't give up. He continued to improve his cameras. In 1878, after many experiments, he managed to get a sequence(连续) of 12 photos. One of them clearly showed that all four of the horse's hooves were off the ground at the same time. And when the photos moved fast, people could see a horse running.

Though Edison is usually considered as the person who created the first movie in 1889, it was the work of Eadweard Muybridge and the bet that led to Edison's invention.

(1)The underlined word "static" in Paragraph 1 most probably means .

A. pretty

B. dark

C. moving

D. still

(2)What did Leland Stanford make a bet with his friend about?

A. Whose horse ran faster.

B. Whether a horse would fall over while running.

C. Whether it was possible for scientists to make moving pictures.

D. Whether a horse's hooves all left the ground at the same time while running.

(3)Muybridge finally found the exact answer to the bet in .

A. 1839

B. 1872

C. 1878

D. 1889

(4)The passage mainly tells us .

A. that Thomas Edison created the first movie

B. that Eadweard Muybridge created the first static pictures

C. how photography helped people know more about animals

D. how Eadweard Muybridge got pictures of motion(移动) successfully

【答案】(1)D

(2)D

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】大意:文章主要介绍了 Eadweard Muybridge拍到移动的照片的故事。(1)词义猜测题。根据下文 So scientists were trying hard to find ways to make pictures that can move. 所以科学家很努力地尝试找到让照片动起来的方法,可知以前的照片是静止的,static意为still“静止的”。故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据第二段 Back in 1872, people didn't know exactly(确切地) whether all four of a horse's hooves(蹄) left the ground at the same time when it was running. 可知,

Leland Stanford和朋友打赌马在奔跑的时候是不是四只马蹄都离地。故选D。

(3)细节理解题。根据第三段In 1878, after many experiments, he managed to get a sequence(连续)of 12 photos. 可知,直到1878年,Muybridge ,才设法拍到连续的12张照片。故选C。

(4)主旨大意题。通读全文可知,文章主要介绍了Eadweard Muybridge拍到移动的照片的故事。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先快速浏览、分析问题,抓住关键词;其次带着问题通读全文,了解文章大意,找到依据,确定答案;最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

5.阅读理解

International Museum Day is coming. Here are some special museums that you must see.

最新中考英语阅读理解练习题 (word)

(1)If you're interested in art under the sea, you may go to ______.

A. Sweet Museum

B. Cancun Underwater Museum

C. Museum of Failure

D. Museum of Broken Relationships

(2)According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. People can taste the candies on show in Sweet Museum.

B. People learn about success stories in Museum of Failure.

C. Objects in Museum of Broken Relationships have their stories.

D. The material of sculptures in Cancun Underwater Museum is harmful.

(3)The passage is probably from the column (栏目) of ______ in a magazine.

A. Culture

B. Health

C. Sports

D. Food

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了国际博物馆日即将到来,这里有一些你必须参观的特殊博物馆。

(1)推理题。根据第三个描述水下有石膏雕塑和秘密花园,可知如果你对海底艺术感兴趣,你可以去坎昆水下博物馆,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第四个描述中最后一句,可知失恋博物馆里的物品都有它们的故事是对的,故选C。

(3)推理题。根据本文介绍了国际博物馆日即将到来,这里有一些你必须参观的特殊博物馆,博物馆是体验文化的地方,可知这篇文章可能来自杂志上的文化专栏,故选A。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

6.阅读理解

We all know that many inventions have changed our life a lot. They play important roles in our daily life. Here are some interesting inventions.

Morpher

People refuse to wear helmets because they're thick and heavy. Morpher is a bike helmet made of plastic. It is just as strong as traditional helmets, but it can be folded almost completely flat, making it easier to carry. Morpher may be available for sale in stores in the near future. HyperAdapt

Have you ever seen the movie Back to the Future? Maybe everyone wants the pair of shoes in the movie that can tighten or loosen by themselves. Now, thanks to the shoe factory, the dream is realized. When you push a button on the shoe, HyperAdapt can tighten or loosen around the feet.

Flyte

Flyte is a light bulb that can float and turn. Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in January, The company also introduced a lot of similar products, including a planter, Lyfe, which came out in June.

Little Printer

It looks lovely and is called Little Printer, This machine can print news headlines(摘要), riddles and other things on a roll(卷)of paper, If you want to make your own little newspaper, don't forget to use it.

A. steel

B. plastic

C. gold

D. wood

(2)What's the main use of the Little Printer?

A. To protect our heads more safely.

B. To tighten or loosen by themselves around the feet.

C. To float and turn in the water.

D. To print news headlines, riddles and other things.

(3)The underlined word "button" means "_________" in Chinese.

A. 按钮

B. 门铃

C. 电梯

D. 键盘(4)What kind of invention can float in the passage?

A. Morpher.

B. Little Printer.

C. Flyte.

D. HyperAdapt.(5)Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage?

A. Maybe everyone wants the pair of shoes in the movie Back to the Future.

B. You can make your own little newspaper with the Little Printer.

C. Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in February.

D. Morpher can be folded almost completely flat, making it easier to carry.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:发明改变了我们的生活,在日常生活中起到了重要作用。文章介绍了四种有趣的发明:可以变形的自行车头盔,超适应的鞋,漂浮和转动的灯泡和小型打印机。

(1)细节理解题,根据Morpher is a bike helmet made of plastic.可知Morphe是塑料制成的,故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据This machine can print news headlines(摘要), riddles and other things,可知小型打印机可以打印文章的标题,谜语还有其他的东西,故答案是D。(3)细节理解题,根据When you push a | button on the shoe,可知是要按鞋上的按钮因此button的意思是按钮,故答案是A。

(4)细节理解题,根据Flyte is a light bulb that can float and turn.可知Flyte可以漂浮,故答案是C。

(5)正误判断题,根据Flyte has been popular with most people since it came out in January,可知Flyte是二月份发明的,而不是一月份,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和正误判断题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定。

7.阅读理解

Different countries have different customs. When you are in different countries, you should follow their customs.

In China, it's impolite to talk when eating dinner. And you're not supposed to start eating first if there are older people at the table.

Very often people who travel to the United States forget to tip(付小费). It is usual to tip waiters, taxi drivers and porters who help carry your bags. Waiters expect to get a 15% tip on the cost of your meal. Taxi drivers expect about the same amount.

In England, make sure to stand in line even if there are only two of you. It's important to respect(尊重)lines there. It's a good idea to talk about the weather. It's a favorite subject of conversation with the British.

In Spain(西班牙), it's a good idea to have a light meal in the afternoon if someone invites you for dinner. People have dinner very late, and restaurants do not generally open until after 9:00 p. m.

In Saudi Arabia(沙特阿拉伯), men kiss one another on the cheek. Your host may welcome you with a kiss on both cheeks. It is polite of you to do the same.

In Japan, people usually give personal or business cards to each other when they meet for the first time. When a person gives you a card, don't put it into your pocket(口袋)as soon as you get it. The person expects you to read it.

Don't forget to be careful about your body language to express something in conversations. A kind of body language that is acceptable in one culture may be impolite in another.

(1)What does the underlined word "porters" mean in Chinese?

A. 搬运工

B. 水电工

C. 建筑工

D. 环卫工(2)If you travel to the US, and you spend $ 200 on a taxi ride and $ 320 on a meal, you are supposed to tip in total.

A. $520

B. $78

C. $156

D. $60

(3)Which of the following is TRUE?

A. You are expected to kiss your host on the cheek in Japan.

B. Generally, restaurants don't offer dinner after 9:00 p. m. in Spain.

C. It's impolite to eat first if there are older people at the table in China.

D. You don't need to stand in line if there are two people waiting for a bus in England.

(4)What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. Where to travel.

B. How to tip in different countries.

C. When to use body language.

D. Customs in different countries.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍不同的国家有不同的习俗。当你在不同的国家时,你应该遵循他们的习俗。

(1)词义猜测题。根据who help carry your bags帮你搬东西的人可知,porters是搬运工的意思,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据服务员希望得到15%的餐费小费。出租车司机期望大约相同的数额服

务员希望得到15%的餐费小费。出租车司机期望大约相同的数额可知,如果你去美国旅行,坐出租车花200美元,吃饭花320美元,你应该总共付小费是(200+320)*20%=78

美元,故选B。

(3)推理题。根据you're not supposed to start eating first if there are older people at the table如果餐桌上有老年人,你不应该先吃饭可知,如果中国的餐桌上有老年人,先吃

饭是不礼貌的正确,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据本文介绍不同的国家有不同的习俗。当你在不同的国家时,你应该遵

循他们的习俗可知,文章主要讲述不同国家的风俗,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题和主旨题四种常考题型,

细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题

需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

8.阅读理解

In your school, are you allowed to choose the subjects you want to learn? Of course, the answer is "No" here in China.

In America there is a school trying something new. At a high school in Florida, students will be able to choose their own classes. We all know that some students are better at some subjects than others. Some students plan to go on to college, while others do not. At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).

Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future, and the school helps to give them the knowledge and skills needed to get there. They say that giving the students the chance to choose their own classes makes high school more interesting. Others disagree. They think it will make it difficult for students to discover different possibilities(潜力).They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know what they want to do in the future.

What do you think? Would you like to be able to choose your own classes? Many useful changes have been made in education, but seeing the differences in each student is also important. How can we help each student become a better student?

(1)Some people think allowing students to choose their own classes helps them _________.

A. show how smart they are

B. know differences between them

C. prepare for their futures

D. know their duties in life

(2)Some people don't agree students should choose their own classes because they think

_________.

A. some students are too nervous to make a right decision

B. some students shouldn't be workers in the future

C. some students care little about their own futures

D. some students aren't old enough to know what they want to do in the future

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. All the high schools in Florida give the students the chance to choose their own classes.

B. All the people think allowing students to choose their classes can help them find their own possibilities.

C. The school in Florida helps students by giving the knowledge and skills they will need.

D. In the writer's opinion, it's not important to see the differences in each student in school education.

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. Chinese education

B. A new way of education

C. To change our education

D. To improve learning skills

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了美国的教育现象,学生可以自己选择学习科目,而在中国不能,有人认为这种制度好也有人认为不好。

(1)细节理解题,根据Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future,可知允许学生选课可以帮着孩子们为未来做准备,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know what they want to do in the future可知,不同意的人认为,孩子们太小不知道他们未来想做什么,故答案是D。

(3)正误判断题,根据At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).可知,佛罗里达的这所学校既让学生们学习知识,也让学生们学到技能,故答案是C。

(4)标题判断题,根据文章内容可知,文章介绍了美国的教育方式,B选项最接近短文中心思想,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、正误判断题和标题判断题几种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;正误判断题也属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容进行正误判定;标题判断题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,最后凝练句式获取答案。

9.阅读理解

When we think of paper, we think of newspapers and books. But there are many other uses. Only half of the world's paper is used for books and newspapers.

Paper is very good for keeping you warm. You have perhaps seen homeless men sleep on a large number of newspapers. In Finland, it is sometimes-40℃ in winter. The farmers wear paper boots(靴子)in the snow. Nothing could be warmer.

Each year, more and more things are made of paper. We have had paper cups and plates for a long time. But now we hear that chairs, tables, and even beds can be made of paper. Besides paper boots and shoes, you can wear paper hats, paper dresses, and paper raincoats. When you have used them once, you may throw them away and buy new ones.

The latest use of paper seems to be paper houses. These are not small houses for children to play in, but real, big houses for people to live in. You can buy a house with three rooms for about 500 dollars. You can put it up by yourself in a few hours, and you can use it for about five years.(1)Only half of the world's paper is used to _________.

A. build houses

B. help the homeless people

C. make chairs, tables and beds

D. print(印刷)newspapers and books

(2)The farmers in Finland wear paper boots in winter _________.

A. to feel much cooler

B. to be cool

C. to keep their feet warm

D. to save a lot of money

(3)The latest use of paper seems to be paper houses. These houses are _________.

A. big and strong enough to live in for many years

B. made for children to play in or for homeless men to live in

C. made only for the rich people

D. not expensive and easy to build up

(4)After you use a paper raincoat, you may _________.

A. use it for a long time

B. sell it to others

C. lend it to others

D. throw it away

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了纸的新用途,可以用来做靴子,做帽子、做纸裙、做纸雨衣还能建造房子,这样的房子可以使用五年。

(1)细节理解题,根据Only half of the world's paper is used for books and newspapers.可知,世界上只有一半的纸用来印刷报纸和书,故答案是D。

(2)逻辑推理题,根据The farmers wear paper boots(靴子)in the snow. Nothing could be warmer.可知芬兰的农民穿纸靴子保暖,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据You can buy a house with three rooms for about 500 dollars. You can put it up by yourself in a few hours, and you can use it for about five years.可知纸房子不贵也很容易搭建,故答案是D。

(4)细节理解题,根据When you have used them once, you may throw them away and buy new ones.可知纸雨衣用过之后会扔掉,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

10.阅读理解

A British company has made a new product to help us save money. The product is a wristband that gives us an electric shock if we spend too much money. The wristband is called Pavlok. It is linked to our bank account. It knows how much money we have in the bank. If we go shopping and there is not enough money in our bank account, the wristband makes an electric shock on our wrists. This warns us not to overspend. The company is called Intelligent Environments. It wants to work with banks to help customers with their money. So far, no banks in Britain have said they would ask their customers to wear Pavlok. They could start doing this in the future.

The Pavlok wristband is part of the Internet of Things. This is the idea that everything in our life will be connected to the Internet. The CEO of Intelligent Environments, David Webber, said people liked the idea of the Pavlok. Shoppers would rather get a small electric shock in the store from the wristband than get a big shock later when they see their bank account. Mr. Webber said the Pavlok would be great for people who cannot stop spending because they have no power or their power is weak. He added that many young people have the "ostrich effect". This is when people put their heads in the sand and buy things rather than look at how much money they have in their bank accounts.

(1)The company made the product to help itself _________.

A. make money

B. save money

C. spend money

D. rob money

(2)The wristband has to work with _________.

A. shops

B. doctors

C. banks

D. Intelligent Environments

(3)Mr. Webber thinks the wristband is _________.

A. helpless

B. great

C. a big surprise

D. cheap

(4)You can read this passage in a _________.

A. health magazine

B. science magazine

C. sports magazine

D. weather report

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了英国生产的帮助人们省钱的工具——腕带,如果你花钱多了,它会电击你,它是互联网的一部分。

(1)逻辑推理题,公司的目的是赚钱,他生产这种东西就为为了赚钱,故答案是A。(2)细节理解题,根据It is linked to our bank account.可知它跟银行账户关联,故答案是C。

(3)逻辑推理题,根据最后一段的陈述可知,韦伯认为这种产品很棒,故答案是B。(4)文章出处题,这是一篇科普性的文章,应出现在科学杂志上,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、逻辑推理题和文章出处题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实;文章出处题需要根据文章内容来判断文章的来源。

11.阅读理解

It seems that more and more Americans want schools to teach foreign languages to children under five years old. The most popular way to teach young children another language is called immersion (沉浸式语言教学法). Children in the immersion program hear only the new language in the classroom. The children play games, sing songs and talk to one another in the new language. Some experts (家)say the immersion program is the most effective (有效的) for young children to learn a language. But there can be a problem when children in the United States begin to learn another language at such an early age. Not many elementary schools continue to teach a foreign language. Only seven of the fifty states require (要求) schools to teach a foreign language to students between the ages of six and twelve. Language experts say it is easier for younger children to learn a language. Still, American schools generally do not begin to teach foreign languages until secondary school. By then, students are about thirteen years old.

American schools face difficult choices about the cost of educational programs. The government has increased support for foreign language study in its Education Law called "No Child Left Behind".

At college, the Modern Language Association says more students than ever are studying foreign languages and more languages are being studied now. Spanish is the most widely taught at American colleges and universities. French, German, Chinese and Italian are also popular.(1)Where is Spanish the most widely taught?

A. At American colleges and universities.

B. At American secondary schools. C At American high schools. D. At American elementary schools.

(2)Students in the immersion program can do the following things EXCEPT ____.

A. hearing the new language

B. hearing their native language C playing games in the new language D. talking to one another in the new language?

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The government doesn't support this program.

B. All schools will take part in the immersion program.

C. It's not good for children to learn a foreign language at an early age.

D. Not many elementary schools continue to teach a foreign language.

(4)What is the passage mainly about?

A. Foreign language teaching in American families.

B. A foreign language teaching method in America.

C. Foreign language teaching at American universities.

D. Foreign language teaching at American high schools.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了美国最受欢迎的教孩子们外国语言的方法——沉浸式语言教学法。

(1)细节题。根据Spanish is the most widely taught at American colleges and universities.可知西班牙语是美国学院和大学最被广泛教的语言,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据Children in the immersion program hear only the new language in the classroom. The children play games, sing songs and talk to one another in the new language.可知孩子们在沉浸式语言教学法中听见新语言、用新语言玩游戏、唱歌和相互谈论,故选B。(3)细节题。根据Not many elementary schools continue to teach a foreign language.没有多少小学继续教授外语。故选D。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了美国最受欢迎的教孩子们外国语言的方法——沉浸式语言教学法。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题和主旨题常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

12.阅读理解

Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mother was one of those people.

My father died when I was one year-old. While I was growing up, we led a very hard life, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Bach night, she seated me on her lap and, spoke the words that would change my life," Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."

At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said that I would never walk again. Every might my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me whatever those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I walked on my own to school!

When the Great Depression broke out, my mother lost her job. Then I left school to support the two of us. At that moment I decided never to be poor again.

Over the years, I experienced a lot of business success. But the real turning point happened on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for an ordinary American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel (汽车旅馆) for families that would never charge extra money for children. Many people did not believe me at that time.

Not surprisingly, mom was my strongest supporter. As in any business, I experienced a lot of difficulties. But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed. Fifteen years later, I had the largest hotel system in the world- Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $I billion a year.

You may not have started out life in the best situations. But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

(1)What Kemmons's mom often told him during his childhood was .

A. boring

B. tiring

C. encouraging

D. interesting

(2)What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself?

A. His mom's support.

B. His wife's suggestion.

C. The poor condition of his family.

D. His terrible experience in the hotel.

(3)Which of the following best describes Kemmons's mother?

A. Serious and hard- working.

B. Loving and supportive.

C. Strict and humorous.

D. Careful and strong-willed.

(4)What led to Kemmons's success according to the passage? Why?(请用约40词回答). 【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

(4)His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【解析】【分析】本文主要介绍了作者的母亲是如何对自己进行教导和鼓励的。

(1)细节理解题。根据第二段"Kemmons, you are sure to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it."Kemmons,你一定会成为一个伟大的人,如果你努力工作,你可以做到任何事情,可知妈妈的话是鼓舞人的,encouraging鼓舞人的,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据第五段I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was very angry, that they charged an extra $2 for each child.I told my wife that I was going to open a motel for families that would never charge extra money for children,我对家庭可住的二级旅馆不满意,而且很生气,因为一个孩子多收两美元,我告诉我妻子,我要开一家不给孩子额外收费的家庭住的汽车旅馆,可知是由于在旅馆的糟糕的经历导致他决定自己开汽车旅馆,故选D。

(3)推理判断题。通过通读全文可知作者的妈妈是深爱孩子的,并且根据第六段mom was my strongest supporter,妈妈是我最强大的支持者,可知作者的妈妈一直都在鼓励、支持他,故选B。

(4)综合分析题。通过通读全文可知作者讲述了妈妈的鼓励对自己成功的影响;根据文章第四段At that moment I decided never to be poor again,在那时我就决定绝不要再贫穷了,可知他是有明确目标的人;最后一句话But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you,可知作者的成功也有自己的自信和努力;原因是第六段But with my mom's words in my heart, I never doubted I would succeed但我心里有妈妈的话,我从不怀疑我会成功,和第七段But if you find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you但如果你在生活中找到了一个值得为之工作的任务,并相信自己,没有什么能阻止你,故答案为His mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. Because his mom's encouragement made him believe in himself. And if you find a

task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you.

【点评】考查阅读理解,注意理解文章大意,读懂题目,去文章寻找关键词。

13.阅读理解

Big data(数据) is lot of sets of information that are put together so they can be used by a computer program. The computer program looks for different kinds of answers or patterns in the data. Big data can have different kinds of information from many sources, such as information that comes from schools, social media sites(社交媒体网站), companies and governments. One set of data can have people's names and addresses. Another set can have what they like, where they go to school, and how much time they spend on the computer.

Big data can be used in many ways. The government uses it to understand how many people travel on buses or trains. This information is then used to make bus or train systems better. Some schools use big data to understand which children may need more help in class. The teacher can then give certain students more help or support so those students can succeed in school. Companies use big data, too. It helps them understand who buys their products. For example, one company uses weather data to see when people eat the most ice cream.

Big data can be used for good reasons. Some hospitals use big data to predict if a baby who is born too early will get sick. The hospital can then take extra steps to take care of that baby so he, she does not get sick. Big data can also be used for bad reasons. It can be used to predict which kinds of people are likely to break the law or hurt others, even if they have not done anything wrong.

How can big data be used for good and bad things? It is because the computer programs used to look at big data and understand it are written by people. People think a certain way. Because they think a certain way, they build a model of those ideas. These ideas are then used to look at the data. Sometimes, these ideas are helpful for people or businesses. Other times, bad ideas can cause problems for certain groups of people.

(1)This reading is about ______.

A. what big data is and how it is used

B. what schools and hospitals people like

C. where important data is collected and stored

D. how big data is controlled by governments and companies

(2)One company uses weather information to ______.

A. help children in need

B. know when people will visit the hospital

C. find out who tides the bus or train

D. understand when people will need ice cream (3)The main idea of Paragraph 3 is ____.

A. big data can be used for good reasons

B. we can use big data in a number of ways

C. big data can be used for both good and bad reasons

D. we can use big data to stop babies from getting sick

(4)The overall tone (总基调) of this reading is _________.

A. sad and personal

B. personal and scientific

C. informative but silly

D. scientific and informative

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。

(1)主旨大意题,根据文章第一段第一句Big data (数据)is a lot of sets of information that are put together so they can be used by a computer program. 和第二段第一句Big data can be used in many ways.可知,大数据是将许多信息集合在一起,以便计算机程序使用,而且大数据可以以多种方式使用。由此可知,这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。故选A。

(2)细节理解题,根据文章第二段最后一句For example, one company uses weather data to see when people eat the most ice cream.可知,一家公司使用天气数据来查看人们什么时候吃的冰激凌最多。故选D。

(3)段落大意题,根据文章第三段第一句Big data can be used for good reasons.和第四句Big data can also be used for bad reasons.可知,大数据既可以用于良性的改善救助,也可以用于预防恶性的行为。故选C。

(4)推理判断题,这篇文章主要讲的是什么是大数据以及如何使用它。而且文章使用了很多例子,让读者更容易理解。整篇文章具有科学性且信息丰富,具有教育意义。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及细节题、推断题、段落大意题和主旨题常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;段落大意题是通读整段,找出主题句;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.阅读理解

By Anna Matteo

28 January, 2019

A 3-year-old boy who was lost in the woods for two days is now safe at home with his family. But Casey Hathaway told his rescuers(救援者) that he was not alone in the rainy, freezing cold woods. He said he was with a friend — a bear.

The child went missing on January 22 while playing with friends near his grandmother's house in North Carolina. When the other children returned but Casey did not, the family searched the area for almost an hour before calling the police.

Police formed a search team to look for the young boy in the nearby woods. But two days went by and — no Casey.

Then on January 24, someone called the police saying he heard a child crying in the woods. Police followed up on the information and found Casey at about 9:30 that night. He was in good health.

Casey told the rescuers he had hung out with a black bear for two days, a bear he called his "friend".

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