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【英语】中考英语阅读理解经典题型带答案

【英语】中考英语阅读理解经典题型带答案

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文内容理解选择正确答案。

C

What is your favorite color? Ask famous persons like Cate Blanchett, Scarlett Johnson, and Bono (singer for the band U2), and maybe they will say “green.” That’s not because these artists like the color green best. Instead, they are interested in green fashion.

Green fashion is about making (and wearing) clothes that are good for humans, animals, and the Earth. In the past, green fashion made people think of ugly clothes. But today, green fashion is different. It is about looking good and caring about the Earth and other people. You can have interesting clothes and be green.

Around the world, green fashion is becoming popular. For example, the U.K. company People Tree sells me n’s and women’s clothing and accessories(配搭物). They are made from natural fabrics(织物)like cotton and wool. Workers who make the clothes are from countries like Kenya(肯尼亚), and Bangladesh(孟加拉国). People Tree pays the men and women good money for the clothes they make.

Singer Bono and his wife also started a clothing company called EDUN. When the clothes are sold, EDUN uses most of the money to help people around the world.

(1)From this passage, we know that “green fashion” means________.

A. putting green color on your face

B. making clothes from green trees

C. wearing the color green all the time

D. wearing clothes that are good for the Earth (2)Today, green fashion is ___________.

A. the same as it was in the past

B. making people work harder

C. more popular and interesting

D. mostly popular with famous persons

(3)Which sentence about green clothing companies is true?

A. They are all in Africa.

B. They do not pay their workers well.

C. They make clothes only for women.

D. They use natural fabrics to make clothes.

(4)What does EDUN do?

A. It teaches people to make clothes.

B. It makes interesting clothes for teenagers.

C. It sells clothes and uses the money to help people.

D. It pays people good money for the clothes they make.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】

⑴细节理解。根据第二段Green fashion is about making (and wearing)clothes that are good for humans, animals, and the Earth可知绿色时尚是做或者穿对人、动物和地球有益的衣服。故选D。

⑵细节理解。根据第二段But today, green fashion is different.和第三段Around the world, green fashion is becoming popular可知当今绿色时尚更受欢迎。故选C。

⑶细节理解。根据第三段可知he U.K. company People Tree sells men's and women's clothing and accessories(配搭物). They are made from natural fabrics(织物) like cotton and wool. Workers who make the clothes are from countries like Kenya(肯尼亚), and Bangladesh(孟加拉国). People Tree pays the men and women good money for the clothes they make. 可知他们用天然纤维制作衣服。ABC错误,故选D。

⑷细节理解。跟最后一句When the clothes are sold, EDUN uses most of the money to help people around the world. 可知他们用钱帮助全世界的人们。故选C

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.阅读理解

When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.

At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived poorly in the countryside while his stepmother was from a wealthy family.

His father introduced Hill to his stepmother as he said, "Dear, I hope you notice in the entire shire this is the worst boy, who has made me have no other way. Maybe before tomorrow morning he will throw a stone at you, or do a bad thing you will never imagine."

To Hill's surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a smile, held up his head and looked at him carefully. She then turned around to tell her husband, "You're wrong. He is not the worst boy in the entire shire, but the cleverest and most creative boy. Only he doesn't find a place to show himself."

His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother. And this became the drive of his life, making him create 28 successful golden rules, which helped tens of thousands of ordinary people walk on the road to success.

Before his stepmother came, no one praised him smart, and his father and neighbours considered him as a bad boy. However, his stepmother's words changed his life.

When Hill was 14 years old, his stepmother bought him a used typewriter and said to him, "I believe you will become a writer." Hill accepted his stepmother's gift and expectation, and started writing things to a local newspaper. He understood his stepmother's strong feeling of interest in his family while he saw with his own eyes she had changed his family. Therefore, he would do as

well as she expected him to.

The strength from his stepmother made him a rich man and famous writer in the United States and one of the most important persons in the 20th century.

Praise will never be unnecessary, especially for children. A sincere(真诚的)praise may be better than 10, 000 bad words.

(1)What did people think of Hill before the age of nine?

A. Clever.

B. Creative.

C. Unfriendly.

D. Foolish.

(2)Hill started making friends with his stepmother after she .

A. smiled at him

B. looked at him carefully

C. said good words about him

D. said bad words about him

(3)Which of the following is WRONG about Hill?

A. He accepted his stepmother's typewriter.

B. He failed to do as he was expected.

C. He started writing to a local newspaper.

D. He understood his stepmother.

(4)The passage was written mainly to tell us that .

A. children should be praised

B. Hill's father married again

C. Hill's stepmother was kind to him

D. Hill's father was cruel to him

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:小时候,希尔是一个坏孩子,当他九岁时,父亲娶了继母,父亲告诉吉姆他是个坏孩子,但是继母说他不会,而是个聪明的孩子,从此他跟继母的关系变的越来越好。在继母的关爱下成为美国著名的作家。

(1)细节理解题,根据When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.可知,希尔九岁前是个出了名的坏孩子,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother.可知,在继母说了他的好话后,他开始跟继母交朋友,故答案是C。

(3)正误判断题,根据Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.可知他跟继母期盼的做的一样好,因此B的陈述是错误的,故答案是B。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章内容可知,继母的表扬让他发生了很大的变化,因此可知,孩子们是需要表扬的,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、正误判断题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

3.阅读理解

My family has had a great influence on me. When I was a kid, I learnt how to work from my family. My mum would never let me get away when there was something to be done. I learnt the importance of education. My parents would give me 50 dollars if I got As in school. They taught

me how to use and save money. My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own. My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect, and how to put other people's needs above my own. My brothers and sisters taught me how to make a decision in conflict(矛盾). I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year. I learn things from my parents' marriage by examples. For example, I've never seen my parents really fight. They had disagreements, but they were always in control and never let anger get the best of them. I think that's great, and I'm going to work towards that in my marriage.

I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.

(1)Who taught the writer to do some housework?

A. The mother.

B. The father.

C. The sisters.

D. The brothers.(2)When will the writer have a new family?

A. At the age of 22.

B. At the age of 24.

C. At the age of 23.

D. At the age of 21.(3)Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The writer's family influence the writer a lot.

B. The writer learns to save money.

C. The writer is a girl in the family.

D. The writer's parents never fight with each other.

(4)How will the writer's new family be according to the passage?

A. It will be a large family.

B. It will be a great family.

C. The family members will be different.

D. The family members will never get angry.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了作者的家庭对作者有很大的影响。

(1)推理题。根据My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own.我妈妈教我如何做饭,如何打扫卫生,以及基本上我需要知道的独立生活所需的一切可知,作者的妈妈教他做家务,故选A。(2)推理题。根据I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year可知,作者23岁时会有一个新家庭,故选C。

(3)推理题。根据My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect,我爸爸教我如何园艺,如何改善家庭,如何尊重妇女和女孩可知作者是男孩,作者是家里的一个女孩是错的,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.我有一个大家庭。我很感激我的父母选择让它成为一个伟大的家庭可知,作者的新家庭会是一个伟大的家庭故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

4.阅读理解

The village of Hengly was going to have the Bean Olympics. It was a competition to see which kind of bean would grow the fastest and the tallest. Everybody was excited. They couldn't wait to show their best plants.

Cassie knew clearly which bean she would choose for the competition, for her family had planted a special "family bean" .It was a flat bean that her great-grandparents had brought from Sicily. Her grandmother planted the beans every year and served them at many meals. Cassie was sure they would be unbeatable beans.

However, the plan did not work out that way. Although Cassie's bean plants looked healthy with beautiful purple flowers, they did not grow as fast or climb as high as any of her neighbours. These people chose beans from seed(种子)shops. Their beans had wonderful names like "Rocket "or" Top Crop". One type was even named "King's Bean". That was the bean Ivan planted, and his plants climbed almost to the top of the fence. Cassie's plants were just near the middle of the fence.

On the day of the competition, Cassie was disappointed that her beans were in last place. Ivan laughed at her beans and said she could win a prize for the slowest, shortest bean.

The organizer, Mr Williams, handed out medals for the fastest-growing and the tallest bean plants." Now there remains only one final test, and it is just as important: the taste test."

Mr Williams cooked the beans from each competitor and chose five experienced villagers as judges(裁判).

Cassie was nervous. Would her family beans lose another time?

After the judges tasted the beans, Mr Williams counted the results.

"We have a winner, "Mr Williams announced." The judges all agree that Cassie's beans are the winner."

Cassie grinned at this unexpected result. Many of her neighbours, even Ivan asked for her seeds. They were all in favour of the good-tasting beans even though they didn't grow fast or very tall.(1)Cassie's beans were from .

A. the organizer

B. seed shops

C. her neighbours

D. her family

(2)Cassie won the prize for.

A. the tallest beans

B. the most delicious beans

C. the most beautiful beans

D. the fastest-growing beans

(3)What does the underlined word "grinned" probably mean in the passage?

A. smiled widely.

B. left silently.

C. nodded quickly.

D. sang sadly.

(4)What is the topic of the passage?

A. The experience of growing beans.

B. The tallest bean in the competition.

C. The history of a special family bean.

D. The bean competition in Hengly Village.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了利村要举办豆豆奥运会。这是一场竞赛,看哪种豆子长得最

快、最高。大家都很兴奋。他们迫不及待地要展示他们最好的植物。

(1)细节题。根据for her family had planted a special "family bean"科学Cassie的豆子是家人种的,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据They were all in favour of the good-tasting beans even though they didn't grow fast or very tall.他们都喜欢味道好的豆子,尽管它们长得不快也不高,可知豆子是美味的,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据The judges all agree that Cassie's beans are the winner.可知Cassie的豆子是获胜者,所以Cassie是高兴的,即咧嘴笑,smiled widely,故选A。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了利村要举办豆豆奥运会。这是一场竞赛,看哪种豆子长得最快、最高。大家都很兴奋。他们迫不及待地要展示他们最好的植物。故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

Black is at City Art Center

A Trip into a Young Farmer's Mind

Chickens that can talk? Cows that can dance? They are all in Louis Black's comic books(漫画书).

Louis Black was born on a farm. The quiet young man spent most of his life helping his parents on the farm. When he was nine, he started to draw the animals on the farm. Later, he put them into his comic books in his own funny way. They were enjoyed by his family but never shown to people outside the farm.

The shy farmer's comic books became famous only after he died. He passed on in a fire three years ago, when he was only 35.In order to remember him, his family showed his comic books in the town museum, and people liked them very much. Now the original(原始的)pictures of Louis Black's farm animals can be seen at the City Art Centre for one month.

Come and visit the beautiful world of Louis Black!

(1)At what age did Louis begin to draw the animals on the farm?

A. At9.

B. At 13.

C. At23.

D. At 35.

(2)The underlined part "passed on" is the closest in meaning to " ".

A. sat

B. rose

C. died

D. stood

(3)Which is the RIGHT order of what happened?

a. His books became popular.

b. His family enjoyed his books.

c. He passed on in a fire.

d. He started to draw animals.

e. He was born on a farm.

A. a-b-c-d-e

B. e-b-d-a-c

C. e-d-b-c-a

D. b-d-c-e-a

(4)What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To plan a trip to visit a farm.

B. To tell people about an art show.

C. To attract people to the farm.

D. To share ideas of drawing comic books.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了一个城市艺术节目。

(1)细节题。根据When he was nine, he started to draw the animals on the farm.可知Louis9岁时开始在农场里画动物,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据The shy farmer's comic books became famous only after he died.可知这位腼腆的农民死后,他的漫画书才出名,所以passed on意思是死亡,即died,故选C。(3)细节题。根据第三段第一句Louis Black was born on a farm.可知e是第一个;根据第三段第三句When he was nine, he started to draw the animals on the farm.可知d是第二个;根据第三段第五句They were enjoyed by his family but never shown to people outside the farm.可知b是第三个;根据第四段第二句He passed on in a fire three years ago, when he was only 35.可知c是第四个;根据第四段第一句The shy farmer's comic books became famous only after he died.可知去世后农民的书变得著名的,所以a是第五个,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据全文可知主要讲了一个城市艺术节目,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

Abdul Sadiq, an Afghanistan's only professional cyclist, began by training his daughter. And when she competed successfully abroad, he set up the team. It is the world's most unlikely sporting team, because the sport breaks taboos in a country where in many traditional communities, women are not allowed out of the house.

The head coach faces frequent threats and the girls' families do not always approve "If it's not their fathers trying to stop them, it's a brother or uncle."

Two members of the team, Massouma, 18, and Zarab, 17, are sisters. Their father and their brothers approve, but they know that their uncles complain to their father. "They will never come in front of us to say ‘Why are you cycling?', but they say bad words to our father," she said. His team have, however, competed and won regionally against Bangladesh and Pakistan.

"We want to go cycling because we want to be heroes one day," said 16-year-old Jella, one of the latest riders. In one of the mildest and driest winters for many years, training has gone on without stopping. And next spring, the girls will go up into the mountains. "We say that women should not sit at home, they need to come out and do sports," said Abdul Sadiq, And 18- year-old Zainab said she wished that she could just go cycling alone on the street one day. "It's my ambition, and I hope that one day girls will be allowed to go cycling on the streets, not having a coach, or anyone with them, and they will not have problems," she said.

(1)What does Abdul Sadiq do?

A. A teacher.

B. A cyclist.

C. A reporter.

D. A driver.(2)What does the underlined word "taboos" mean in Chinese?

A. 禁忌

B. 警告

C. 符号

D. 风俗(3)From the third paragraph, we can know

A. Massouma and Zarab's parents approve of their joining the team

B. Massouma and Zarab's uncles are against their cycling

C. Massouma and Zarab don't want to join the team

D. Massouma and Zarab are both very old

(4)What was Zainab's dream?

A. Her mother approving her cycling.

B. Going cycling alone on the street.

C. Joining the team.

D. Winning against Bangladesh and Pakistan.

(5)Where may you see the passage?

A. In a storybook.

B. In a fashion magazine.

C. In a travel guide book.

D. In a sports newspaper.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了阿卜杜勒·萨迪克是阿富汗唯一的职业自行车手,他从训练女儿开始。当她在国外比赛成功时,他组建了这个队。这是世界上最不可能的运动队,因为这项运动打破了许多传统社区禁止妇女出门的禁忌。

(1)细节题。根据Abdul Sadiq, an Afghanistan's only professional cyclist可知阿卜杜勒·萨迪克是阿富汗唯一的职业自行车手,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据where in many traditional communities, women are not allowed out of the house.可知许多传统社区禁止妇女出门,所以是打破了禁忌,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Two members of the team, Massouma, 18, and Zarab, 17, are sisters. Their father and their brothers approve, but they know that their uncles complain to their father.可知Massouma和Zarab的叔叔反对他们骑自行车,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据And 18- year-old Zainab said she wished that she could just go cycling alone on the street one day.可知Zainab希望一天独自在街上骑自行车,故选B。

(5)细节题。根据全文可知与骑自行车有关,所以在体育报纸上看到,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

Want to enjoy some extreme sports(极限运动)? Here are a small number of the extreme sport clubs across universities in the UK.

Octopush(水中曲棍球)

Oxford, York. Aberdeen and Warwick are only some of the

universities that offer this rather unusual sport. Anyone who is

able to swim can play. It is played by two teams of six players.

Everyone wears a mask and carries a small wooden stick.

Skiing and snowboarding

Nearly every university in the UK has a skiing and snowboarding

club. For example, Brumski 8. Board Club of Birmingham

University has run for 30 years and has about 500 members.

They hold Christmas and Easter ski trips every year and take

part in competitions.

Skateboarding

Warwick University is home to the Longboarding Club. A

longboard is two or three feet longer than a usual skateboard

and has a wider wheel base. Instead of offering club T-shirts, the

Longboarding Club lets members have their personal socks.

BASE jumping

The University of Lincoln offers BASE jumping. In BASE jumping,

players jump from fixed objects and use a parachute(降落

伞)to break their fall. They go on weekly trips to Skydive

Hibaldstow.

_________________.

A. ski

B. swim

C. skate

D. skydive

(2)How many members are there in Brumski &. Board Club?

A. About 30.

B. About 300.

C. About 50.

D. About 500.(3)A usual skateboard is _________________than a longboard.

A. shorter

B. longer

C. wider

D. bigger

(4)Which university offers BASE jumping?

A. Oxford.

B. York.

C. Lincoln.

D. Warwick.

(5)According to the passage, which of the following is the most common sport in UK universities?

A. Octopush.

B. Snowboarding.

C. Skateboarding.

D. BASE jumping.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了英国各大学的少数极限运动俱乐部。

(1)细节题。根据水中曲棍球的介绍 Anyone who is able to swim can play可知如果一个学生想参加水中曲棍球,他或她应该会游泳,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据 Brumski 8. Board Club of Birmingham University has run for 30 years and has about 500 members 布鲁姆斯基8和伯明翰大学董事会俱乐部已经运作了30年,可知

大约有500名成员,故选D。

(3)推理题。根据 A longboard is two or three feet longer than a usual skateboard 长板比普通滑板长两到三英尺可知普通的滑板比长板短,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据The University of Lincoln offers BASE jumping 可知Lincoln 提供基础跳跃,故选C。

(5)推理题。根据They hold Christmas and Easter ski trips every year and take part in competitions他们每年都举行圣诞节和复活节滑雪旅行,并参加比赛可知滑雪板运动是英国大学最常见的运动,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

8.阅读理解

【英语】中考英语阅读理解经典题型带答案

Cross- country skier Man Dandan won the women's 1.4 km individual sprint here on Monday, earning China's first gold at the eighth Asian Winter Games in 2017.

"I was in good form today," said the 28 year-old girl after winning the title in the final round with 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds. "I didn't think much, but just focused on the games. As an old member, I want to set a good example to my younger teammates by doing my best no matter what the result is."

Mikko Olavi Virtanen, the head coach of the Chinese cross-country skiing team, said after the game he was satisfied with Man Dandan's performance. "She is a super talented sprint skier. Her biggest problem before was to maintain the speed for four rounds of the competition. We have been working on that for the past seven months. I have been giving her advice, such as how to save the energy till the final round," he said, adding that Man is a good learner.

He also said that the Chinese cross-country skiing team had a huge potential. "We have quite a young team. We still have five more years to Beijing Winter Olympics. I hope we can continue this good work for a long term," he said.

Yelena Kolomina from Kazakhstan took the sliver and Ju Hyeri from South Korea got the bronze. Australia's Casey Wright finished the third in the final round but did not get a medal as a guest athlete.

(1)How long did it take Man Dandan to finish the sking?

A. 2 minutes and 11.31 seconds.

B. 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds.

C. 8 minutes and 29 seconds.

D. 48 minutes and 29 seconds.

(2)What did the coach think of Man's performance?

A. Exciting.

B. Terrible.

C. Satisfying.

D. Bad.

(3)What was Man Dandan's biggest problem?

A. Maintaining the speed.

B. Saving enough energy.

C. Keeping a good form.

D. Going to the final round.

(4)When will the Beiing Winter Olympics be held?

A. In 2018.

B. In 2019.

C. In 2020.

D. In 2022.

(5)What was Ju Hyeri's rank in the competition?

A. First.

B. Second.

C. Third.

D. Fourth.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了星期一,越野滑雪运动员满丹丹赢得了女子1.4公里个人短跑冠军,在2017的第八届亚洲冬季运动会上赢得了中国的第一枚金牌。

(1)细节题。根据"I was in good form today," said the 28 year-old girl after winning the title in the final round with 3 minutes and 48. 29 seconds.可知用时是3分钟48.29秒,故选B。(2)细节题。根据Mikko Olavi Virtanen, the head coach of the Chinese cross-country skiing team, said after the game he was satisfied with Man Dandan's performance.可知教练对丹丹的表演感到满意,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Her biggest problem before was to maintain the speed for four rounds of the competition.可知她以前最大的问题是保持四轮比赛的速度。故选A。

(4)细节题。根据Cross- country skier Man Dandan won the women's 1.4 km individual sprint here on Monday, earning China's first gold at the eighth Asian Winter Games in 2017. We still have five more years to Beijing Winter Olympics.可知2017年再过5年是2022年,故选D。

(5)细节题。根据Ju Hyeri from South Korea got the bronze.可知Ju Hyeri得到了一个铜奖,即第三名,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

9.阅读理解

Aged between 18 and 40 years?

Can you work 8 hours a day to help sort parcels (分拣包裹)from late

January to the end of February?

Pay rates

7:00 am---6:00 pm ¥12/ hour

6:00 pm---7:00 am ¥15/ hour

If you are careful and can work well with others, please join us.

For more information, call 400-889-5543.

A. ¥60

B. ¥75

C. ¥96

D. ¥120(2)Which of the following is TRUE?

A. People working at night get more money.

B. Any person under 45 can apply for the job.

C. People have to start to work at the end of February.

D. The job is to get parcels to Sto Express.

(3)The material may be from a _____________.

A. book

B. notice

C. maganize

D. newspaper

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:这是申通快递招聘广告,年龄,工作时间及报酬。

(1)细节理解题,根据广告中7:00 am---6:00 pm ¥12/ hour可知从上午9点到下午5点,共八个小时,每小时12美元,一天能挣96美元,故选C。

(2)细节理解题,根据7:00 am---6:00 pm ¥12/ hour从上午7点到下午6点每小时12美元; 6:00 pm---7:00 am ¥15/ hour从下午6点到早晨7点每小时15美元,通过对比可知晚上工作挣钱更多,故选A。

(3)推理判断题,这是一则广告,所以这个材料可能登在报纸上,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文是一则广告,主要涉及细节理解题,在文中找到答案的依据。

10.阅读理解

For Schultz, a 77-year-old man, this is a chance of a lifetime. Schultz is part of a group of around 50 Germans who are on a bus journey along the ancient Silk Road.

Speaking of his journey, he says, "I have been deeply interested in the Silk Road since I was a child, but now I finally have a chance to experience it."

The two-month bus journey will take the group through Germany, Russia, and other 4 European countries. They will then enter China from the country's western part. It will be an unforgettable memory for them.

Nearly half of the 13,000-kilometer trip will be inside China. From Xinjiang in the west to Shanghai in the east, the German visitors will see more than 20 Chinese cities. "We have managed the trip of the Silk Road for around 10 years. An increasing number of people, not only from German-speaking countries, have been joining us," says Liu Guoqiang from China Tours.

Almost 26 million foreigners traveled to China in 2015, and about 5 million of them were from Europe. Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and the Yangtze River are traditional Chinese travel destinations for European tourists. Speaking of where he wants to go, Schultz says, "Compared with modern cities, the culture in western China attracts(吸引)me more."

As Shi Xiang, head of the China Tours, says, "Being a new brand to attract foreign visitors, the Silk Road is good for people to know more about China, especially the northwestern part of the country."

(China Daily)

(1)How will the group of around 50 Germans take the tour?

A. By car.

B. By train.

C. By bus.

D. By subway.

(2)According to Liu Guoqiang, how long has China Tours managed the trip?

A. For 26 months.

B. For around 10 years.

C. For 2 months.

D. For about 20 years.(3)What does the underlined word "destinations" mean in Chinese?

A. 标志

B. 道路

C. 品牌

D. 目的地(4)Which is the best title for this passage?

A. Silk Road: A fashionable way to buy silk

B. Silk Road: An old brand to attract Chinese

C. Silk Road: A new way to learn about China

D. Silk Road: A better chance to see modern cities

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍一群德国人通过乘坐巴士沿着古老的丝绸之路到中国旅行,历经两个月,行程13,000公里,途径20多个中国的城市,增进了对中国文化了解。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Schultz is part of a group of around 50 Germans who are on a bus journey along the ancient Silk Road.理解可知,这个旅游团乘坐巴士沿着中国的丝绸之路旅行,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句We have managed the trip of the Silk Road for around 10 years. 理解可知,这次巴士旅行已经计划了十年,故选B。

(3)词义推测题。根据文中的语句Beijing, Xi'an, Shanghai and the Yangtze River are traditional Chinese travel destinations for European tourists. 以及Speaking of where he wants to go, 可知,他们在谈论想要去的地方,由此推测北京,西安,上海以及长江都是中国传统的旅行目的地,故选D。

(4)标题归纳题。通读全文可知,文章主要讲述了人们通过丝绸之路了解中国。故选C。【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

11.阅读理解

The Big Wheel

New ride opens on May at Adventure Park

See all the city from it

Tickets on said at the par k entrance Future World

The amazing new computer game

On sale from next week in computer shops and supermarkets

For 2~4 players

Adults: $ 3.50

Under 16 s: 2.50

Only $ 35!

Jeep Rides

In the desert

Tuesday and Saturday

2:00 p. m till 6:00 p. m.

$17.50 per person

Children must be ever 12 years old Tel: 321703

Competition Young singer of the Year York Concert Hall

May 29

Win a guitar!

Singers must be under 16

Want to know more? Call or text 998456

Teen Voice

The new magazine for teenagers $ 2 Interesting stories and pages of fashion and music

On sale every week

Go to www.teenvoice. com Top Two Books this Month

Forest Street by Alan Banks and Best Bike Ride by

Kim Jams

Order before April 10 for a special price for both

books — $ 20

www. booksalot. com

A. go to www.teenvoice. com

B. go to www.booksalot. com

C. call them at 321703

D. call or text 998456

(2)Tom wants to play computer games with his friends, what wilt he choose?

A. Then Voice.

B. Future World.

C. Best Bike Ride

D. Forest Street.(3)Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Best Bike Ride is written by Kim Jams.

B. The new magazine for teenagers is on sale every week.

C. Eleven-year-old David is allowed to drive a jeep in the desert on Tuesday.

D. Paul and Tina are going to the Big Wheel with theirs 4-year-old son, they should pay $ 9.50 for the tickets.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍了六则广告的一些信息。

(1)细节理解题。根据表格四句子Competition Young singer of the Year,York Concert Hall,May 29,Win a guitar!,Singers must be under 16,Want to know more?Call or text 998456.年轻歌手比赛,纽约音乐厅,5月29日,赢得一个吉他,歌手必须在16岁以下,想知道更多?打电话或者发短信998456。可知可以打电话或者发短信998456。故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据表格二句子Future World,The amazing new computer game未来的世界,神奇的新电脑游戏。可知汤姆想和他的朋友们玩电脑游戏。应该买未来的世界。故选B。

(3)细节判断题。根据表格三句子Children must be over 12 years old.儿童必须超过12岁。可知11岁的大卫被允许驾驶一辆吉普车在沙漠中行驶是错误的。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文主要考查细节理解题,首先仔细阅读文后的问题,弄清问题的大意;然后带着问题阅读短文,抓住关键信息,选择正确答案。

12.阅读理解

When our son Bradley was ten, the new bicycle he had received earlier that year was stolen. Owning a bicycle was a big deal to our children when they were little. They spent hours and hours, day after day, on their bicycles, riding up and down the footpath, and at the front of the house. We also rode together as a family a lot. Bicycling was a great way to get the kids out of the house and into the fresh air without spending any money.

Bradley had discovered that his bicycle had been stolen from our backyard in Campbell town, South Australia, when he and his sister went outside for a morning ride. He couldn't believe that someone would do this.

He got a large piece of cardboard, painted a sign begging for the bicycle to be returned, and tied the sign to the letterbox. The following morning, when I went out to collect the mail, I found a white envelope with the magical words," Buy yourself a new bicycle". There was a $100 banknote inside.

We were very touched that someone had the heart to do this. We've never been able to thank the person but we suspect(猜想)that it may have been one of our wonderful neighbors. Bradley painted a big" !" on the sign and we left it outside for a couple of weeks afterwards, hoping the kind stranger would drive down our street.

A delighted Bradley was able to buy a new bicycle. As the years went on, the bicycles became bigger and more expensive but remained just as important for those family bicycle rides. Now Bradley is 25. Sometimes I miss the days when receiving a bicycle was the best thing in the world to them.

All these years later we are still thankful for the stranger's kindness. We were a young family with three little children and it meant a lot to us. We still talk about it and, even now, wonder who the kind stranger was.

(1)According to the passage, Bradley often when he was a child.

A. made signs

B. rode a bike

C. took a walk

D. collected mails

(2)Which of the following is the best to fill in the blank in Paragraph 4?

A. Thank you

B. Come back

C. A new bicycle

D. A good boy

(3)From the action of the stranger, we can learn that .

A. love builds a warm family

B. a special memory lasts long

C. a kindness helps others a lot

D. happiness makes a better life

(4)The best title for the passage can be .

A. A Rich Stranger

B. A Bicycle for Bradley

C. A Thankful Mother

D. A Banknote for the Family

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章讲述了作者的小儿子的自行车被偷了,小男孩期待它能回来,于是写了一个牌子,第二天他们在信箱发现100元钱,让他自己买个新自行车,我们一直不知道这个好心的陌生人是谁,我们一直很感恩。

(1)推理题。根据They spent hours and hours, day after day, on their bicycles, riding up and down the footpath, and at the front of the house. We also rode together as a family a lot.可知Bradley小时候经常骑自行车,故选B。

(2)推理题。根据We've never been able to thank the person but we suspect(猜想)that it may have been one of our wonderful neighbors,和hoping the kind stranger would drive down our street.可知应是“谢谢您”,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据All these years later we are still thankful for the strangers kindness. We were a young family with three little children and it meant a lot to us.可知善举能帮助其他人很多,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据文章讲述了作者的小儿子的自行车被偷了,小男孩期待它能回来,于是写了一个牌子,第二天他们在信箱发现100元钱,让他自己买个新自行车,我们一直不知道这个好心的陌生人是谁,我们一直很感恩,故表示应是A Bicycle for Bradley 布拉德利的自行车,故选B 。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文推断题主旨题,推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

I'm sure most people like music. Music can not only bring us wonderful enjoyment, but also bring us happiness when we are tired or sad. And many people have the habit of enjoying music when they are free. But to our surprise, one English school allows children to listen to music or even to have the TV on while they are studying, and they find it is helpful to improve the students' grades.

According to a research at Millfield School in the UK, around 20% of teenagers work better with background music, and 10% excel when allowed to finish their work with short walks around the room while up to 80% can concentrate (集中注意)better if allowed to play with a small object.

The research has made the school use a very new way, encouraging students to discover which learning styles suit them best, and then do their homework listening to music or even lying down. Some parents don't believe, .but many are now accepting it at home where children are allowed to do their homework with the television on.

"I prefer to work on the floor with music on," said Sam, a 13-year-old boy." At first my parent thought I didn't study hard, but my teacher asked them to look at my homework and when they saw it was OK, they agreed at last."

(1)What advantage of music hasn't been mentioned in the passage?

A. Music can bring us enjoyment.

B. Music can bring us happiness.

C. Music can make people excited.

D. Music can help to improve students' grades.(2)What does the underlined word "excel" probably mean?

A. It means "be good at doing something".

B. It means "do badly in doing something".

C. It means "give up doing something".

D. It means "play with something".

(3)Which of the following is true?

A. The research was done in the USA

B. One fifth of the students can work better with background music.

C. 20% can concentrate better if allowed to play with a small object.

D. No parents accept the idea.

(4)What can you infer form the passage?

A. The students at Millfield School are against the new idea of allowing children to listen to music.

B. More and more parents will allow children to listen to music while doing homework.

C. The new idea will spread all over the world.

D. More and more children will realize the importance of working hard.

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文主要讲了研究发现音乐有助于提高学生成绩。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段Music can not only bring us wonderful enjoyment, but also bring us happiness when we are tired or sad.及they find it is helpful to improve the students' grades,可知文章提到的音乐的优点有给我们带来美妙的享受、欢乐及提高学生成绩,没有提到Music can make people excited音乐可以让人兴奋,故选C。

(2)推理判断题。根据下文while up to 80% can concentrate better if allowed to play with a small object,而80%的青少年在玩小东西的时候可以更好地集中精力,可知上文是10%的青少年被允许完成工作时在房间里散散步表现突出,excel表现突出,擅长,故选A。(3)细节理解题。根据According to a research at Millfield School in the UK,可知研究是在英国,A错误;根据around 20% of teenagers work better with background music,大约20%的青少年伴随着背景音乐学习更好,20%即五分之一,B正确;根据80% can concentrate better if allowed to play with a small object,可知是80%不是20%,C错误;根据Some parents don't believe, .but many are now accepting it at home where children are allowed to do their homework with the television on,可知一些家长接受了这个观点,D错误,故选B。(4)推理判断题。根据Some parents don't believe, but many are now accepting it at home where children are allowed to do their homework with the television on,可知越来越多的父母会允许孩子边听音乐边做作业,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,可以根据题目要求,去文章找到关键信息,并进行理解判断。14.阅读理解

Many people thought a computer wasn't supposed to be able to beat a top master at the ancient Chinese game, Weiqi, for at least another 10 years. But AlphaGo, an artificially intelligent system (人工智能系统) designed by Google, made it. It easily beat Lee Sedol last year, one of the best players in the world. It challenged the world's top players to show how much progress it had made over the past few years.

In late May, 2017, AlphaGo appeared in China and played against 19-year-old Ke Jie in Wuzhen, China. He is No. 1 player now in the world. However, the result wasn't out of people's expectation. He lost the match. Though Ke Jie tried his best and he once saw the victory just a step away, he lost his best chance when he became excited.

At the press conference (新闻发布会)after the match, Ke Jie was interviewed by the reporters. He said he had realized how powerful AlphaGo was, and it was getting perfect. When a Chinese reporter asked him in English, the reporter spoke so fast that the interpreter (口译员)couldn't catch him. Ke Jie got kind of angry and told him that it was unnecessary for two Chinese to speak in English. The reporter apologized to him and offered to ask him for a coffee.

The cat and mouse game is over, but the challenge between man and robots will still go on. (1)Which was the most probable date when Ke Jie played against AlphaGo?

A. May 5.

B. May 23.

C. May 18.

D. May Day.

(2)Why did Ke jie get angry at the press conference?

A. Because he lost the game.

B. Because the reporter couldn't catch the interpreter.

C. Because the reporter asked him in English.

D. Because the reporter wasn't able to speak Chinese well.

(3)According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. People thought a computer could beat humans many years ago.

B. Ke Jie was expected to lose the match.

C. Ke Jie asked the reporter for a coffee.

D. AlphaGo had great trouble winning the game last year.

(4)AlphaGo is ______.

A. Ke Jie

B. Lee Sedol

C. a Weiqi match

D. an artificially intelligent system

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章详细地介绍了在中国选手柯洁和alphago之间的比赛,详细的说了比赛后的一些事情和人工智能取得的发展。

(1)细节题。答案定位在第二段第一句In the late of May, 2017, AlphaGo appeared in China and played against 19-year-old Ke Jie in Wuzhen,可知在2017年5月末,故选B。

(2)细节题。答案定位在第三段第二行句子When a Chinese reporter asked him in English,the reporter spoke so fast that the interpreter(口译员) couldn't catch him. Ke Jie got kind of angry. 当一位中国记者用英语问他时,记者说得太快了,翻译无法理解他,柯洁有些生

气,可知因为记者用英语问他,故选C。

(3)推理题。答案定位在第二段第一行句子He is No. 1 player now in the world. However,the result wasn't out of people's expectation. He lost the matches. 他现在是世界上排名第一的选手,但是,结果不出乎人们的预料,他输了比赛,可知柯洁正如人们所预料的那样输掉了比赛,故选B。

(4)细节题。答案定位在第一段第一行句子But AlphaGo,an artificially intelligent system (人工智能系统) designed by Google,可知AlphaGo是一个人工智能系统,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

15.阅读理解

On Miriam's 9th birthday two years ago, her aunt, who lives in Kenya(肯尼亚), gave money to a group that cares for elephants to celebrate Miriam's birthday. Then Miriam and her mother visited Africa to learn how the group was helping elephants. Later, Miriam fell in love with the animals and wanted to help save them.

A few months after visiting Africa, Miriam watched How I Became an Elephant, a film about the mistreatment of elephants in Thailand, and a young girl's effort to save them. Miriam decided she wanted to raise money to save elephants.

Last year, Miriam created a program called They Deserve(应得) to Be Free after seeing how young elephants are abused in Thailand. She learned how people take a baby elephant, don't give it food or water for days and beat it hard. "It made me really sad. I need to do something useful." Miriam said.

Miriam is working to make money for Elephant Nature Park in Thailand. She asked her friends to give money to the park rather than giving her birthday gifts.

She recently joined about 12 other students in an art center. They made elephants from clay and decorated(装饰) them. Then she created a plan to sell clay elephants.

Kate, Miriam's art teacher, opened her art studio(工作室)to Miriam and her friends on weekends so they could make clay elephants. She even gave them the clay." It's great to see a young student wanting to spend her time on something meaningful. This is what we should all work towards," Kate said.

Miriam says she has sold 180 clay elephants worth 2, 000 dollars, and all of that money has been sent to Elephant Nature Park in Thailand.

(1)Miriam went to Africa to ________.

A. join a group

B. visit her aunt

C. help save elephants

D. learn about the group (2)The underlined word "abused" in Paragraph 3 means .

A. 虐待

B. 杀害

C. 训练

D. 饲养(3)Which of the following is TRUE about Kate from the passage?

A. She was probably very proud of Miriam.

B. She taught Miriam to make clay elephants.

C. She spent time selling clay elephants with Miriam.

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