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最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

Radio and television are very popular in the world today. Millions of people watch TV. Perhaps more people listen to the radio.

The TV, of course, is more useful than the radio. On TV you can see and hear what is happening in the world.

Now the radio is not disappearing. It's still with us. And the number of listeners is becoming larger. One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. The transistor radio is sometimes very small. It is very easy to carry. You can put one in your pocket and listen to it on the bus when you go to work. It is better for blind people. Many old people don't have good sight (视力)to watch TV. When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio. What's more,the radio is much cheaper than the TV.

(1)After the television was invented,people ____.

A. think it is unnecessary to use the radio

B. don't want to use the radio any more

C. are still using the radio

D. find the radio is disappearing

(2)One of the reasons for the larger number of listeners of the radio is that ____.

A. the TV was invented

B. the transistor radio was invented

C. people don't like watching TV

D. millions of people watch TV

(3)____ listen to the radio more because their sight isn't good enough.

A. Children

B. Young people

C. Old people

D. Adults

(4)Usually ____ can be used easily while people are moving or working.

A. the radio

B. the TV

C. both the TV and the radio

D. neither the radio nor the TV

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述收音机和电视机在世界上的很受欢迎,电视与收音机比,电视更有用,然而收音机由于体积小便宜,便于携带,听众也越来越多,深受老年人喜爱。

(1)细节题。根据Perhaps more people listen to the radio.可知,电视发明后,人们依然使用收音机,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据One reason for this is the invention of the transistor(晶体管)radio. 可知,收音机听众的数量更多其中一个原因是晶体管收音机被发明,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据 Many old people don't have good sight(视力)to watch TV.可知,老年人由于视力不好听广播的人更多,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据When people are working,they can't watch TV but they can listen to music or news over the radio.可知,通常人们移动或者工作时可以听收音机,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和推断题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻

找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

2.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

B

When you're not at home, many worries may start to crowd your mind. Did I turn the coffee maker off? Did I lock the door? Are the kids doing their homework or watching television? With a smart home, you can quiet all of these worries.

A smart home is a home with a communication network. This network connects devices (装置),such as lights and TV sets, and allows them to be controlled from far away through electrical wiring, mobile phone communication or WiFi over the internet.

More and more people may start to consider owning a smart home, because it makes life much more convenient. It can help keep your room at a certain temperature. It can record what happens inside the home and send the video to your phone. When you are on vacation abroad, you can use a smart home controller to switch on or off the electricity when necessary. Some smart homes can receive a visitor, allowing him to come in and offering him a drink. They can even feed the cat and water the plants.

Besides, smart homes are easy to fix. Most smart home technology and devices are wireless and can be set up with a minimum of tools, using only the guiding information. When a problem appears, you can deal with it yourself without paying a professional.

However, for home-users, the smart home technology is far from perfect. It can be rather expensive to own the technology and the devices. Also, because the smart home system(系统)allow its owner to get home information from anywhere, it leaves the home easy to be attacked by hackers(黑客),who may secretly use or change the information in the system.

Now, many scientists are excited at the future of smart home technology. Imagine being able to get fashion advice from your mirror, or receive food shopping suggestions from your refrigerator. While there are others who worry that those smart devices will make people lazier and lonelier. Whatever it is, one thing is for sure---smart home technology will change the way we live and work.

(1)According to the passage, nowadays a smart home can lock the door through .

A. electric lights

B. mirror technologies

C. mobile phones

D. shopping programs (2)The third paragraph of the passage is mainly about .

A. the steps to use smart systems

B. the prices of smart programs

C. the advantages of a smart home

D. the tools for setting up smart devices

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about a smart home according to the passage?

A. Smart homes can't help feed pets nowadays.

B. Smart homes costs a lot of money at present.

C. You can't control your smart home in other countries.

D. It's hard for hackers to get information from smart homes.

(4)What's the writer's opinion according to the passage?

A. People will become less happy in the future.

B. People's life style will be different in the future.

C. Mobile phones are the most important in smart homes.

D. Smart homes are much better than other smart systems.

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了智能家居的基本功能和新型理念,作者认为智能家居技术将对我们的生活和工作方式带来变革。

(1)推理判断。根据第二段allows them to be controlled from far away through electrical wiring, mobile phone communication or WiFi over the internet.可知智能仪器可以通过电线,手机,无线网络等控制。electric lights电子光线;mirror technologies镜像技术;mobile phones移动电话;shopping programs购物程序。故选C。

(2)段落大意。根据第三段第一句More and more people may start to consider owning a smart home, because it makes life much more convenient. 可知越来越多的人开始考虑拥有一个智能家庭,因为它给生活带来极大的方便,结合下文可知都是在谈论智能家庭的优点。故选C。

(3)细节理解。根据They can even feed the cat and water the plants可知A错误;根据第四段 It can be rather expensive to own the technology and the devices. 可知B正确;根据第三段When you are on vacation abroad, you can use a smart home controller to switch on or off the electricity when necessary.可知C错误;根据第四段 it leaves the home easy to be attacked by hackers(黑客),可知D错误。故选B。

(4)观点态度。根据最后一句话Whatever it is, one thing is for sure---smart home technology will change the way we live and work. 可知智能家庭技术会改变我们生活和工作的方式。故选B。

【点评】读说明文时首先确定文章的中心句,通常在句首,然后快速浏览文章内容。阅读问题,找到问题中的关键词。在文章中定位问题中的关键词,答案就在关键词附近。

3.阅读理解

It's hard to turn down a tasty banana. They taste good and you don't have to wash them before eating them. However, British scientists say that the fruit may disappear by 2050.

One reason for this is climate(气候) change. Scientists at the University of Exeter collected data(数据)from 27 countries and regions that produce 86 percent of the world's bananas. They found that climate change has improved growing conditions in 21 of these countries. In the

past 60 years, the average yield(平均产量) has reached 1.37 tons of bananas per hectare(公顷).

However, if temperatures keep rising, this advantage will disappear. Ten of the countries, including India, the world's biggest producer of bananas, will produce fewer bananas. By 2050, the fruit may die out.

Shouldn't bananas grow more easily if it's hotter outside? In fact, the perfect temperature range for growing bananas is between 24 and 32 C. If temperatures get too high, they will stop growing.

Diseases are another danger to bananas. Unlike other crops, the bananas we grow come from shoot cuttings(茎段)rather than seeds. This means that all banana plants have the same genotype(基因型). In other words, if a disease is able to kill one plant, it could kill them all.

One serious disease is called Panama. Caused by fungus(真菌) in the soil, it spreads easily. It has spread across South Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Australia. If one banana plantation(种植园)suffers from the disease, it will take 30 years until it is able to grow bananas again. Scientists have yet to find a cure for this disease.

(1)What does the underlined word "this" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. People's love for bananas.

B. The taste of bananas.

C. The convenience of eating bananas.

D. The future disappearance of bananas.

(2)What might happen if temperatures keep going higher?

A. More countries will start to grow bananas.

B. Bananas will grow better in most countries.

C. Bananas will not be able to grow any more.

D. Bananas won't be as tasty as before.

(3)What does Paragraph 5 tell us?

A. What diseases bananas may suffer from.

B. How bananas are grown.

C. How diseases can easily kill bananas.

D. Which diseases can kill bananas.

(4)The passage is written to ________.

A. offer tips for growing bananas

B. explain why bananas may die out

C. show the difficulties of growing bananas

D. describe bananas' growing conditions

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了香蕉可能消失的原因。

(1)推断题。根据前句However, British scientists say that the fruit may disappear by 2050.可知介绍了香蕉可能消失的原因,所以this代指香蕉消失,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据However, if temperatures keep rising, this advantage will disappear. Ten of the countries, including India, the world's biggest producer of bananas, will produce fewer bananas. By 2050, the fruit may die out可知温度持续上升,香蕉将更少,最终可能消失,即不能生长,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Diseases are another danger to bananas.可知疾病是香蕉的另一个危险,即疾病是怎样杀死香蕉的,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了香蕉可能消失的原因,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

4.阅读理解

Shirley Temple, the once-famous child film star, died at the age of 85 on February 10, 2014.She was born on April 23, 1928. She was good at acting and dancing. In 1934, she acted (主演)in the film Bright Eyes.

From then on she became famous around the world. Later she starred in other films and won a Juvenile Oscar in February, 1935.

For many Americans born in the 1930s and 1940s, Temple was not just an on-screen star but also a close friend in their childhood. She was remembered by the world as the forever "little angel"!An American film star said, "Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条)."

Shi Li and Cui Jiping are husband and wife. They are disabled. They completed the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的)dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.

The dictionary includes words on medicine, education, psychology, law, history and culture about deaf people's life. This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.

They spent six years and over 1, 000, 000 yuan on the book. They first collected material for the book by themselves, then they invited a lot of experts(专家)across the country to write. The book is warmly welcomed by the deaf. One of the readers said, "The book shows that we're not alone. We can have our own way to communicate with the world."

(1)Temple won the Juvenile Oscar in .

A. 1928

B. 1934

C. 1935

D. 1948

(2)From the passage we know that Temple .

A. was not good at dancing

B. began to star in her first film when she was ten years old

C. was unfriendly to her fans

D. encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression (3)According to the passage, Shi Li and Cui Jiping .

A. are disabled people full of love

B. wrote many famous books

C. finished the book by themselves

D. live a very poor life

(4)Which of the following is TRUE about the book?

A. It is the first world encyclopedic dictionary.

B. It can help deaf people know about the world more easily.

C. It took them sixteen years to finish the book.

D. It introduces medicine and art about the life of people.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了曾经著名的儿童电影明星雪莉·坦普尔和残疾夫妻史丽和崔吉平他们为聋人和听力问题的人完成了第一本中文百科全书。

(1)细节题。根据Later she starred in other films and won a Juvenile Oscar in February, 1935.可知在1935年2月赢得了Juvenile Oscar,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).可知雪莉·坦普尔在经济大萧条期间鼓励全国,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据They are disabled. They completed the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的)dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.可知残疾夫妻史丽和崔吉平他们为聋人和听力问题的人完成了第一本中文百科全书,所以他们是充满爱心的残疾人,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.可知这本书为聋人提供了学习工具,帮助他们更容易了解世界。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

He was an old man who fished alone in a small boat on the sea and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with him. But after forty days without a fish, the boy's parents had told him that the old man was now salao, which was the worst form of unluck, and the boy had gone with another boat which caught three good fish the first week. It made the boy sad to see the old man come in each day with his boat empty. The sail looked like the flag of failure forever.

The old man was thin with deep wrinkles(皱纹)in the back of his neck. His face was terribly brown because of the strong sunlight on the sea every day and his hands had the deep scars(伤疤)from dealing with heavy fish on the lines. But none of these were fresh. Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same colour as the sea and were cheerful.

"Santiago," the boy said to him as they climbed the bank from the sea. "I could go with you again. We've made some money."

The old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him.

"No, "the old man said." You're with a lucky boat. Stay with them."

"But remember how you went eighty-seven days without fish and then we caught big ones every day for three weeks."

"I remember," the old man said.

"It was papa who made me leave. I am a boy and I must follow him."

"I know," the old man said. "It is quite normal."

"He hasn't much faith(信心)."

"No," the old man said." But we have. Haven't we?"

"Yes," the boy said. "Can I offer you a beer on the Terrace?"

"Why not?" the old man said. "Between fishermen."

(1)In the story the old man was the boy's .

A. grandfather

B. friend

C. boss

D. host

(2)The word "they" in Paragraph 2 refers to of the old man.

A. the hands

B. the scars

C. the eyes

D. the wrinkles (3)The old man refused the boy to go fishing with him again because .

A. he wanted to fish by himself

B. he could really understand his parents

C. the boy asked for some money

D. the boy had already learnt how to fish

(4)From the story we can know that .

A. the old man was always full of hope

B. the boy's parents believed in the old man

C. everyone laughed at the old man's bad luck

D. the boy was worried about the old man's health

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了一个老人84天没有捕到鱼了,男孩的父母不让小男孩和老人一起捕鱼,认为老人运气不好,老人比较理解男孩的父母。

(1)细节题。根据全文可知小男孩和老人一起去捕鱼,他们的关系是朋友关系,故选B。(2)细节题。根据Everything about him was old except his eyes除了他的眼睛,他周围的一切都很老,所以they代指眼睛,即eyes,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据"It was papa who made me leave. I am a boy and I must follow him." "I know," the old man said. "It is quite normal."可知老人理解男孩爷爷的想法,所以拒绝小男孩再次和他一起去捕鱼,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据"He hasn't much faith(信心)." "No," the old man said." But we have. Haven't we?"可知男孩爷爷对老人没有信心,但是老人和男孩有信心,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

There are many different kinds of festivals around the world. Here are four of them.

Saint Patrick's Day in Ireland

Ireland is an island country. It's in the west of Europe, There are wide green fields.

Saint Patrick's Day is on 17th March. It's an important holiday in Ireland. This holiday is to remember Saint Patrick. He did good things for the people of Ireland.

During the holiday, there are parades and lots of green. You can see people in green clothes, and you can even see green buildings.

Red Wednesday in Iran

Red Wednesday is a fire jumping festival in Iran. It is on the eve(前夜)of the last Wednesday of the year. People jump over the fire. They hope that it will take all the bad things away.

Quebec Winter Carnival in Canada

When winter comes, it's party time in Quebec City, Canada. The Quebec Winter Carnival is all about outdoor fun. It starts from the end of January and ends in mid February.

One of the most popular activities is the dog sledding race(狗拉雪橇比赛). It has more than 30 teams and the race goes on for 6 kilometres. You can see happiness on every face.

The Desert(沙漠) Festival in Tunisia

Tunisia is a very important country in North Africa. Every year on the last Sunday of December, the Desert Festival is held in Tunisia. As "Ships of the Desert", camels are very important in the festival. There is camel racing and camel wrestling(摔跤).

(1)On Saint Patrick's Day, you can see the following EXCEPT ________________.

A. camels

B. parades

C. people in green

D. green buildings

(2)What do people do on Red Wednesday in Iran?

A. They run in the snow.

B. They wear red clothes.

C. They jump over the fire.

D. They watch the camel racing.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about the dog sledding race according to the passage?

A. The race takes place on 17th March.

B. The race goes on for 6 kilometres.

C. The race has a history of about 10 years.

D. About 30 people go to the race every year.

(4)When is the Desert Festival in Tunisia every year?

A. On the first Sunday of February.

B. On the last Sunday of December.

C. On the eve of the last Friday of the year.

D. On the eve of the last Wednesday of the year.

(5)Where can we probably find the passage?

A. In a storybook.

B. In a cookbook.

C. In a travel magazine.

D. In a sport magazine.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

(5)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了全世界不同的四个节日。

(1)细节题。根据During the holiday, there are parades and lots of green. You can see people in green clothes, and you can even see green buildings.可知节日期间,有游行和大量的绿色。你可以看到人们穿着绿色的衣服,你甚至可以看到绿色的建筑。没有骆驼,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据Red Wednesday in Iran People jump over the fire.可知人们跳火,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据One of the most popular activities is the dog sledding race(狗拉雪橇比赛). It has more than 30 teams and the race goes on for 6 kilometres.最受欢迎的活动之一是狗雪橇比赛。它有超过30支队伍,比赛持续了6公里。故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The Desert(沙漠)Festival in Tunisia Every year on the last Sunday of December, the Desert Festival is held in Tunisia.可知在12月最后一个星期天,故选B。

(5)细节题。根据There are many different kinds of festivals around the world.可知主要讲了全世界不同的四个节日,所以是来自旅行杂志,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

Australia at last! The flight was tiring, but here I am at last, in Sydney! Look! Here we are at last! The Sydney Opera House! It looks like shells!

It's wonderful and amazing! And I'm taking the plane to New Zealand on Tuesday. I'll post again from there.

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

Coffee and Paris! Paris is beautiful! We went on a great city tour. We also took a boat ride on the River Seine. And it's nicer to just sit at a street care and watch the world go by. But, to tell you a secret. Frank's disappointed because no one can understand his French!

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

Don't come here! We're staying at a farm in Utah. There is nearly nothing! It's too quiet. Every morning, we get up really early, and we ride the horses. Then it's breakfast and more riding--not my idea of fun! So, today I walked to a little town near the farm where they actually have Internet! Next week, we're shopping in New York. I can't wait!

(1)Where is Jessy writing from?

A. Sydney.

B. New Zealand.

C. Paris.

D. Utah.

(2)What did Donna and Frank do during their travelling?

A. They visited museums.

B. They took a boat ride.

C. They sat at a street park.

D. They watched movies in the cinema.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to Anna's Moments(朋友圈) ?

A. It is too noisy around the farm.

B. Her idea of fun is horse riding.

C. She is going to London next week.

D. She cannot use Internet at the farm.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文讲的是Jessy,Donna,Anna几个人参观不同的城市的感受。

(1)细节理解题。根据Australia at last! The flight was tiring, but here I am at last, in Sydney! 澳大利亚是最后一站。这次飞行很令人厌烦,但是在悉尼这里是我最后一站。故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据 We also took a boat ride on the River Seine. 我们还乘船游览了塞纳河。故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据So, today I walked to a little town near the farm where they actually have Internet! 因此,今天我步行到农场附近的一个小镇在那里他们实际上是有网络的。可知农场没有网络,她不能在农场使用网络,故选D。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。我们先分析问题,弄清题意,然后带着问题阅读短文,从短文的细节中找出和问题相关的细节,选出正确答案。

8.阅读理解

Mip Mip, a playful robot, was developed by a Canadian toy maker named Wowwee. It stands 19 cm tall. You can control it simply with your gestures or a smartphone. Mip can run, balance and dance on two wheels. It can also bring a bottle of water.

Android Wear Google is developing a smart watch called Android Wear. The watch uses a touch screen and voice control. Simply say "OK, Google" to ask whatever you want to know. For example, say "OK, Google. Where's the nearest toy store?" Your watch will tell you the answer on Google Maps.

Le Pen Do you like listening to music while doing homework? If you do, you will like Le Pen. With a music player planted inside, Le Pen plays music when you write on paper. The music stops when you stop writing. So if you want to enjoy more of your favorite songs, keep on writing.

One Wheel In the near future you may find a new way to escape traffic: a self- balancing skateboard called One Wheel. It can go as fast as 19 km an hour. On a single charge, it can take you as far as 7~10 km.

A. B.

C. D.

(2)According to the passage, Android Wear can_________.

A. go as fast as 19 km an hour

B. run, balance, dance and even serve you

C. tell you how to get to some places

D. play music while you are writing on paper

(3)What's the best title for the passage?

A. Four new cool inventions

B. How to use Le Pen

C. Four useful robots

D. The smart watches

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了四项新的发明都很酷。

(1)推理题。根据Le Pen plays music when you write on paper. The music stops when you stop writing当你在纸上写字时,勒庞会演奏音乐。当你停止写作时,音乐就停止了可知,如果你想边写作边欣赏音乐,你可以选择,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据Where's the nearest toy store?" Your watch will tell you the answer on Google Maps. 最近的玩具店在哪里?你的手表会在谷歌地图上告诉你答案可知,Android Wear可以告诉你怎么去一些地方,故选C。

(3)主旨题。根据本文介绍了四项新的发明都很酷可知,标题应是Four new cool inventions,四项都很酷的新的发明,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找

答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

9.阅读理解

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

A small robot may help children who are ill in hospital or at home. These children may feel lonely without their friends or classmates. The robot takes their places at school. Through the robot, the children can hear their teachers and friends.

The robot is called AV1. A Norwegian company called No Isolation created the robot. Dolva explains how the robot AV1 works. She says from home, children use a tablet or phone to start the robot. Then they use the same device to control the robot's movements. At school, the robot becomes their eyes, ears and voice.

"So, it sits at the child's desk in the classroom and the child uses a tablet or a phone to start it and control its movements and talks through it. So it's the eyes, the ears and the voice at school." The robot is equipped with speakers, microphones and cameras that make communication easy. AV1 is large and looks like a human for a reason. Dolva says this is important because the robot is supposed to be a friend of the children. "It can't be just a tiny camera because the other kids can't pick it up and take it with them. This is supposed to be their friend." And robots are, quite simply, cool. Hopefully AV1 will help some children feel less lonely while they are not in class.(1)The children can do the following things EXCEPT __________ through the robot.

A. hearing the teachers

B. talking with their friends

C. doing their homework

D. listening to music

(2)The underlined phrase "is equipped with" in Paragraph 3 has the same meaning as"__________".

A. repairs

B. has

C. enjoys

D. plays

(3)What's the best title for the passage?

A. A new robot helps children feel less lonely

B. How to make yourself feel less lonely

C. A Norwegian company

D. How to use a robot

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了挪威一家名为“无隔离”的公司发明的叫AV1机器人。他它可以帮助医院里生病的孩子,免除孩子们的孤独。

(1)细节理解题,根据文章内容可知,孩子们可以用这个机器人听音乐,跟朋友谈话,听老师说话,但是不能做作业,故答案是C。

(2)词义猜测题, is equipped with 是被用……装备的意思,因此它就具有了这些东西,因此是拥有的意思,,故答案是B。

(3)标题判断题,根据文章内容可知,本文介绍了一种帮孩子们减少孤独的机器人,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、词义猜测题和标题判断题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题需要结合具体语境,推出未知单词的意思;标题判断题需要在充分理解文章的基础上归纳文章中心,凝练句式得出结论。

10.阅读理解

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

In Britain. Boxing Day is usually celebrated on December 26th, which is the following day after Christmas Day. However, strictly speaking, Boxing Day is the first weekday after Christmas. Like Christmas Day, Boxing Day is a public holiday. This means it's a non-working day in the whole of Britain. When Boxing Day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is the public holiday.

The exact origin(起源)of the holiday is unclear. One of the thoughts is that during the Middle Ages, when great sailing ships were setting off to discover new land, a Christmas Box was placed by a priest(神父)on each ship. Those sailors who wanted to ensure a safe return would drop money into the box. It was sealed up and kept on board until the ship came home safely. Then the box was handed over to the priest in exchange for the saying of a mass of thanks for the success of the sailing. The priest wouldn't open it to share the contents with the poor until Christmas.

One more thought is about the "Alms Box" placed in every church on Christmas Day. Worshippers(做礼拜的人) put gifts for the poor into it. These boxes were always opened the day after Christmas. That is why that day became known as Boxing Day.

Today, many businesses, organizations and families try to keep the traditional spirit of Boxing Day alive by donating(捐赠) their time, services and money to aid Food Banks, providing gifts for the poor, or helping families in need. Besides, spending time with family and shopping are popular Boxing Day activities now.

(1)If Christmas Day is on a Saturday, Boxing Day will be celebrated on____________. A. December 25th B. December 26th C. December 27th D. December 28th (2)Sailors dropped money into the Christmas Box in order to____________.

A. save the poor

B. pay for the priest

C. discover new land

D. pray for sailing safety

(3)What does the underlined phrase“sealed up" mean in Chinese?

A. 密封

B. 悬挂

C. 归还

D. 传递(4)The purpose of the passage is____________.

A. to praise the kindness of priests

B. to introduce the origins of Boxing Day

C. to call on people to help the poor

D. to compare Boxing Day with Christmas Day

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:在英国。节礼日通常在12月26日举行,这是圣诞节后的第二天。但是,严格来说,节礼日是圣诞节后的第一个工作日。像圣诞节一样,节礼日也是一个公共假日。这意味着这是整个英国的非工作日。当节礼日是星期六或星期日时,下一个星期一是公共假日。

(1)细节理解题,根据When Boxing Day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is the public holiday.可知,如果圣诞节在星期六,节礼日就在星期一,也就是十二月二十七日,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据Those sailors who wanted to ensure a safe return would drop money into the box.可知水手往节礼箱里方硬币是为了祈求航行安全,故答案是D。

(3)词义猜测题,根据The priest wouldn't open it to share the contents with the poor until Christmas.可知回来之后让神父打开箱子,可知之前箱子被密封了,故答案是A。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章介绍了节礼日的起源,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、词义猜测题和主旨大意题。细节理解题要可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定单词的意思;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

It's a cold, grey Sunday afternoon in March. The British are all working in their gardens. They're digging, cutting leaves and planting new seeds(种子). By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colors.

The British love their gardens. A British newspaper recently asked people for their opinions about them. Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden, and over 50% of these described gardening as the most enjoyable thing they ever did.

Only one in ten houses in Britain do not have a garden. People who live in houses without gardens often rent(租用) land from the government.

At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House or Castle Howard. In the early twentieth century, however, gardening became a hobby. People bought different kinds of seeds and plants for their gardens. Although roses, sunflowers and tomatoes are often grown in British gardens, they originally(起初) grew wild in other countries.

Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win:Britain's

biggest carrot is almost six metres long.

(1)In summer, British gardens are often .

A. covered with grey leaves and plants

B. colorful with different plants

C. too hot for people to work there

D. full of people digging there

(2)A recent survey showed that of the British felt it important to do some gardening.

A. around 70%

B. over 50%

C. only 20%

D. about 10%

(3)We can infer from Paragraph 4 that .

A. seeds were provided for free

B. roses were first grown in Britain

C. gardening is a hobby in the world

D. the owner of Chatsworth House was rich

(4)What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence?

A. It is common to grow carrots.

B. It is hard to win the competition.

C. The carrot is much easier to grow.

D. The carrot is their favorite vegetable.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述了英国人喜欢种花园的事情。

(1)细节题。根据By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colours.可知是五颜六色的植物,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden,可知大概70%人们觉得花时间在花园里很重要,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House,可知Chatsworth House得主人是富有的,故选D。

(4)词义猜测题。根据Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win: Britain's biggest carrot is almost six metres long. 可知想要超过6米长的胡萝卜很难,所以赢比赛很难,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意。

12.阅读理解

Have you noticed your life becoming a little easier? Now, when you go to a certain shopping mall, you can enjoy its free Wi-Fi there. When you want to take a taxi, you can book one with

your phone. In fact, all these can be seen as the basic parts of a smart city.

The idea of a smart city was brought up by US company IBM in 2010. Generally, a smart city is a city that uses digital technologies such as the Internet to improve city planning, save money and resources, and make our life convenient. How smart can a city be? Here are great examples that we can learn from.

In 2009, Dubuque became the first smart city in the US. The city used smart water meters to take the place of traditional water me tens. They can detect (探测) water waste and leakage (泄漏) and send data to let the house owner know. The same system is used for other city resources like electricity and natural gas. In this way, people know how they use their resources and are glad to help reduce waste.

Santander in Spain also gives us a look at the future. If people point a phone toward a nearby bus stop, the phone immediately shows all bus lines that serve the stop as well as their arrival times. The government organized a research team and provided an App (应用程序)that collects data on almost everything: light, temperature, and the movements of cars and people. Opening the App near a supermarket provides immediate information on special offers.

(1)The underlined word "convenient" is closest in meaning to "______".

A. useful

B. normal

C. suitable

D. easy

(2)Compared with traditional water meters, smart water meters do better in ______. A. cleaning water B. supplying water C. saving water D. producing water (3)The example of Santander shows the use of smart systems in aspects (方面)EXCEPT ______.

A. business

B. health care

C. traffic controlling

D. public transportation (4)What's the main idea of the passage?

A. Digital technologies help improve city planning.

B. Smart cities will make our future life better and smarter.

C. Smart cities are very common in both Dubuque and Santander.

D. Spain and the US take the leading position in building smart cities.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章主要对智能城市进行了基本介绍,又通过迪比克和桑坦德的例子介绍了智能城市为生活所带来的便捷。

(1)猜测词句题。由语句Generally, a small city is a city that uses digital technologies such as the Internet to improve city planning, save money and resources 可知,总的来说,小城市就是使用数码科技例如互联网去提高城市计划,节省金钱和资源。由此可推知,节省金钱、能源,可以使我们的生活更加轻松便捷。easy 意为“轻松的”,符合题意。useful 意为“有用的”,normal 意为“普通的”,suitable 意为“适合的”,均不符合题意。故正确答案为D。(2)细节理解题。由文中语句This way, people know they use their resources and are glad to help reduce waste 可知,通过这种方式,人们就可以知道他们使用的资源并愿意减少资源

的浪费。由此可知,智能水表可以在节约水资源方面做的比传统水表更好。save water 意为“节约水资源”,符合题意。故正确答案为C。

(3)细节理解题。A项,由第四段第四句Opening the App near a supermarket provides immediate information on special offers 可知,在超市旁边打开这个应用程序,可以马上推送特价商品的信息。由此可推知,智能系统在商业(business)中有所应用。B项,health care 意为“健康管理”,文章没有提及。C项,由第四段第二句 If people point a phone toward a nearby bus stop, the phone immediately shows all bus lines that sever the stop as well as their arrival times 可知,如果人们用手机指向一个附近的公交车站,手机就会马上展示出所有的会在这站停的公交车路线。由此可推知,智能系统在交通控制(traffic controlling)方面有所应用。D项,由第四段第二句 If people point a phone toward a nearby bus stop, the phone immediately shows all bus lines that sever the stop as well as their arrival times 可知,如果人们用手机指向一个附近的公交车站,手机就会马上展示出所有的会在这站停的公交车路线。由此可推知,智能系统在公共交通(public transportation)方面有所应用。故正确答案为B。

(4)主旨归纳题。A项,意为“电子科技帮助提升了城市规划”,只在第一段中有所提及。故A项错误。B项,意为“智能城市使我们未来的生活更好更智能”,文章主要对智能城市进行了基本介绍,又通过迪比克和桑坦德的例子介绍了智能城市为生活所带来的便捷。故B项正确。C项,意为“智能城市在迪比克和桑坦德非常普遍”,文章第三段和第四段主要介绍了智能应用在两座城市中的应用,并没有提到普及型。故C项错误。D项,意为“西班牙和美国在建设智能城市方面处于领导地位”,文章提到美国的迪比克是第一个智能城市,西班牙也采用了智能城市,但是并没有提到领导地位。故D项错误。故正确答案为B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

Lots of people are afraid of speaking in public. According to a study, there are 3 of every 4 people having such a problem. The conclusion is a bit surprising and worrying, as most jobs require some speaking ability. The following will help you to make a speech better.

Write note cards. Write main ideas on your cards. You needn't write details. Just put in some fun facts, questions, and other activities on the cards to share with the class. You needn't look at your cards for a long time while speaking. Only have a quick look at the card for information instead of reading every last word if necessary.

Smile at your class. When it's time to speak, a good old-fashioned smile is the best to draw your class into your speech. Be happy, because you're about to teach your class something they don't know before. Studies have shown that smiles are infectious. That means once you smile, it's hard for everyone else not to smile. So if you want your speech to go off well, smile. That will make everyone smile and maybe those smiles will make you actually smile.

Make eyes contact. It's so boring to listen to a speaker who looks at the floor or at note cards. Relax. Your class is made up of your friends and you talk to them all the time. Talk the same way

now. Have a look at every person in the classroom at least once. That way, everyone will feel like you're communicating with them. Also, you'll look like you know what you are talking about.

Use hand motions. Move you hand along as you talk, using them to express your key points and keep the class interested. It will also lead your nervous energy into a better place.

(1)According to the passage, of people are afraid of speaking in public.

A. 25%

B. 50%

C. 100%

D. 75%

(2)The words "smiles are infectious" means .

A. smiles is a kind of illness

B. smiles keep people fit

C. your smiles can make others warm and want to smile too

D. it's hard to make others smile

(3)Which is the right picture to the last paragraph?

A. B. C. D.

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

(4)The passage mainly talks about .

A. a boy's speech in class

B. how to note cards

C. the fear of public speaking

D. how to make a speech better

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了如何使得人们演讲能力很出色。

(1)细节题。根据文章提到的According to a study, there are 3 of every 4 people having such a problem可知,一共有百分之75的人害怕在公众场合说话,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据文章提到的So if you want your speech to go off well, smile. That will make everyone smile and maybe those smiles will make you actually smile.可知,微笑可以给人温暖并且使得他人也笑,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据最后一段描述的是手势,可知所选的图片应该是手的图片,故选B。(4)主旨题。根据本文主要介绍了如何使得演讲更好,可知文章的大意为如何使得演讲更好,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

14.阅读理解

Hundreds of foreigners got together in a small neighborhood in Qingdao on the afternoon of

April 20 because of the Neighbor Day, an 18-day event celebrated across Qingdao. They learned the arts of Chinese handwriting, dumpling making, paper cutting, and discovered the culture of Chinese family trees.

The festival started 12 years ago after a 10-year-old girl called Sun Ruihan was refused when paying a New Year's visit to her neighbor. Upset by this incident, she wrote to the Shibei district government of Qingdao, suggesting that they should introduce a "Neighbor Day" to encourage greater spirit.

As the birthplace of the festival, Shibei hosted the opening ceremony of this year's Neighbor Day on April 19. With the theme of" ▲ ", people from across the city got together to share their homemade food and discuss the family stories. They also set up a mobile neighbors' library to share books.

Sarah from the United States said she had a great time with her neighbors as she experienced the art of Chinese paper cutting for the first time. Masha from Russia, who is studying Chinese at the Ocean University of China, described the event as a great chance to make friends with her Chinese neighbors and learn about the local culture with them. She tried her best at Chinese handwriting and also had great fun learning how to make dumplings. "I love eating dumplings but I never knew how to make them before, "she said." Now I can come to my neighbors' homes and learn in their kitchens."

Neighbor Day grew from the needs of the people. With the big support from the government, it has become another culture symbol of Qingdao.

(1)Neighbor Day in Qingdao is a festival to .

A. welcome foreigners to Qingdao

B. learn different western cultures

C. make friends with neighbors

D. help neighbors out of trouble

(2)The underlined word "incident" in Paragraph 2 probably means in Chinese.

A. 事件

B. 行动

C. 过程

D. 意外(3)Which of the following can be best put into the blank" ▲ "?

A. Foreigners as friends

B. Neighbors as family

C. Living with foreigners

D. Working with neighbors

(4)Which of the following shows the right structure of the passage?(P=Paragraph)

A. B. C. D.

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)B

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