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最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练(word)1

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练(word)1

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

As far back as he could remember, Larry had wanted to go to Hollywood and become a film star. The young man's hopes for success were broken again and again. However, Hollywood was just everything to him. When he first came to California? Larry had decided never to give up and return home without success. Therefore, he kept on trying. "Some day," he told himself, "my big chance would come."

Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurants. His pay was low, but since the guests were kind enough to give him more money, he managed to make a living. One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture.

Larry got into the car and prepared to drive it on into the lot and park it. Then he stopped, jumped out, and ran over to the director. "Excuse me, sir, but I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me." Instead of pushing away the boy, the director laughed, then wrote something on a card and handed it to the young man. "Come and see me tomorrow."

Larry got a small part in the director's next film. He was on his way!

(1)It's clear that Larry's job—parking cars ________.

A. helped him make a lot of money

B. brought him the hope to be a film star

C. made him fail again and again in getting into Hollywood

D. gave him few chances to meet stars

(2)The film director asked Larry to meet him the next day because _______.

A. he needed a driver very much

B. Larry would become a star

C. some big companies would give him a job

D. Larry expressed his hope in a wise way

(3)We can learn from the story that _______.

A. the film director knew Larry's hard experience before

B. Larry managed to be a part in the new film

C. the job parking cars could bring young people everything

D. the new film was not so important for the director

(4)"He was on his Way" refers to the fact that _______.

A. he gave up and returned home

B. he began to work towards success

C. he drove the director's car to Hollywood

D. he had a long way to go to be in the film

(5)The story mainly wants to tell us _______.

A. it was hard for Larry, to find a job in a restaurant in Hollywood

B. Larry was so lucky to meet the director in the parking lot

C. why Larry could remember many things before

D. how Larry succeeded- in his new life in Hollywood

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)B

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事。

(1)推理题。根据Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurant 拉里找到了一份工作——在好莱坞的一家大餐馆停车One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture一天,他认出了一位重要的电影导演,他开车进了停车场,下了车。拉里最近听说这个人准备拍一张新照片可知,很明显拉里停车的工作是给他带来了成为电影明星的希望,故选B。

(2)推理题。根据I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me."我想告诉你现在或者永远都不会是你想让我出现在你的下一张照片里才是公平的。许多大公司都在追我可知,电影导演让拉里第二天见他,因为拉里以明智的方式表达了他的希望,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据Larry got a small part in the director's next film可知,拉里设法在这部新电影中扮演了一个角色,故选B。

(4)推理题。根据拉里在导演的下一部电影中扮演了一个小角色可知,He was on his Way是他开始走向成功,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事可知本文讲述拉里是如何成功的——在好莱坞的新生活中,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

2.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

A

The 2014 FI FA World Cup, the twentieth World Cup football match, was

held in Brazil from June 12th, 2014 to July 13th, 2014. Thirty-two teams

from different countries brought us sixty-four wonderful games during the

World Cup. This is the second time the World Cup is held in this country

and the fifth in South America. Thousands of football fans watched the

games.

A Bite of China(舌尖上的中国), a mouth-watering documentary TV

program featuring delicious Chinese food, has interested a large number of

people. The program has become very popular since it was shown on TV.

The documentary provides not only Chinese delicious food but also the

relationships between people and food. “We made this documentary with

our respect and love for food. I hope it will help people learn more about

Chinese food as well as Chinese culture.” said the director Mr. Chen.

Lu Jialei, a school girl from Hangzhou, China, won the championship of the

first Chinese Character Dictation Contest, which made her become famous

overnight. Lu is a hard-working girl and always comes top at school. “I like

reading and I’m crazy about learning Chinese characters. I enjoy the contest

and hope more and more people become interested in learning Chinese

char acters.” said Lu Jialei after winning the contest.

A. About a week.

B. About two weeks

C. About a month.

D. About two months.(2)Which is NOT true according to the articles?

A. Lu Jialei always gets good grades at school.

B. The World Cup has been held in South America twice.

C. Many people like watching the TV program A Bite of China.

D. Lu Jialei hopes more people ca n take much interest in Chinese characters.

(3)Where may the articles probably come from?

A. A story book.

B. A science report.

C. A sports magazine.

D. The Internet.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

【解析】【分析】这篇短文给我们介绍了三段不同内容的短文。第一段是关于今年夏天将在巴西举行的足球世界杯;第二段是关于《舌尖上的中国》这个电视节目;第三段是关于第一届汉字听写大赛的冠军卢佳磊。

(1)细节理解题。根据短文的第一段中the twentieth World Cup football match, will be held in Brazil from June 12th, 2014 to July 13th, 2014.可知,第20届世界杯足球赛将于2014年6月12号到7月13号在巴西举行,时间是持续一个月。故选C。

(2)推理判断题。根据Lu is a hard-working girl and always comes top at school.可知A的说法是对的;根据 A Bite of China(舌尖上的中国), a mouth-watering documentary TV program featuring delicious Chinese food, has interested a large number of people.可知C的说法也符合文意;根据enjoy the contest and hope more and more people become interested in learning Chinese characters可知D也是符合文意的;根据This is the second time the World Cup is held in this country and the fifth in South America.可知,这是世界杯足球赛第五次在南

美洲国家举行,故B不对。选B。

(3)主旨大意题。这篇短文中给我们介绍了三个不同的内容,第一段是关于今年的世界杯足球比赛将在巴西举行;第二个是关于《舌尖上的中国》这个节目;第三个是关于汉字听写大赛的冠军卢佳磊。这样的一篇短文应该来源于网上。故选D。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.阅读与回答问题。

CCTV reported that every year Chinese people throw away a lot of food which can feed 200 million people for a year.

Do we have too much food? Of course not. According to the UN World Food Programme, there were 900million hungry people all over the world in 2013. About six million children die of hunger every year.

So think about it. We should say no to people who waste food every day. An old saying goes, “Every grain on the plate comes from hard work.” It tells us everybody must save food.

Luckily, a number of people have realized the importance of saving food. Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover(剩余的) food home for her son. But many people were by her side and criticized (批评) the waste of food.

What should we do in our daily life to stop wasting food? We can do many things to prevent it from happening. Here are some tips:

Don't order too much food in a restaurant. Only order as much as you can eat. If you can't eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.

Don't be too picky(挑剔的) about food. Some food may not be tasty, but put body need it. Don't keep too much food at home, especially for fruit and vegetables.

(1)How many hungry people were there over the world in 2013?

(2)Why did Li Hong lose her job?

(3)What should you do if you can’t eat all the food you ask for?

(4)Can you keep too much food at home?

(5)What's the main idea of the passage?

【答案】(1)About 900 million

(2)Because she took some leftover food home for her son.

(3)I/We can take the rest of it home.

(4)No, I/We can't.

(5)The reasons we can't waste food and the ways to stop wasting food.

【解析】【分析】据联合会世界粮食计划署的报告,2013年世界上仍然有9亿人在挨饿。因此我们不要再浪费粮食了。文中给了一些关于节约粮食的建议。

⑴细节理解。根据第二段第二句there were 900million hungry people all over the world in 2013.可知答案是About 900 million

⑵细节理解。根据第三段第二句Li Hong, a waitress in a restaurant in Jiangsu, once lost her job because she took some leftover(剩余的)food home for her son. 可知答案是Because she took some leftover food home for her son.

⑶细节理解。根据第第六段If you can’t eat all the food you order, take the rest of it home.所以答案是:I/We can take the rest of it home.

⑷细节理解。根据最后一段Don’t keep too much food at home, especially for fruit and vegetables. 可知回答应该是:No, I/We can't.

⑸主旨大意。本文讲述了世界上有很多人在挨饿,我们不要浪费粮食以及节约粮食的具体做法。故答案是:The reasons we can't waste food and the ways to stop wasting food.

【点评】任务型阅读的关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言填写答案。在文章中找不到答案时,要完全理解句子,根据同义词,句型转换的方式找到可以替换文章中的单词,短语或者句子的词。

4.阅读理解

Some parents are always comparing their children with themselves when they were young, or with other people when they were children.

"When I was your age," a father said to his sixteen-year-old son one day, "I was at the top of my class every year. And I knew what I wanted to do when I left school. I had goals. You are always at the bottom of your class, and you have no goals."

The man's son said nothing. He had heard this from his father many times.

"And when your mother was your age," the boy's father went on, "she had a good job and she was earning money. You don't even have a part-time job. You earn nothing."

The man's son still said nothing. He had heard this before, too.

"And when your older brother was your age," the boy's father went on, "he studied hard. You just waste your time."

And the man's son still said nothing.

Finally, the boy's father said, "And when Abraham Lincoln was your age, he worked all day and studied at night."

This time the son could not stay silent.

"And when Abraham Lincoln was your age, Father," he said, "he was the President of the United States. What are you?"

His father had no answer to this.

(1)The father compared his son with the following people EXCEPT ________.

A. himself

B. the boy's brother

C. Abraham Lincoln

D. the boy's classmates (2)How did the boy probably feel?

A. Happy.

B. Afraid.

C. Angry.

D. Surprised.

(3)What can we infer from the passage?

A. Some parents like comparing their children with other children.

B. The boy's father studied very well when he was young.

C. The boy was the youngest child in his family.

D. The father wanted his son to become President of the USA

(4)What is the passage mainly about?

A. A happy family on vacation.

B. A father complaining about his son.

C. A son lying to his father.

D. Abraham Lincoln as a child.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了一个抱怨自己儿子的爸爸。

(1)细节题。根据"When I was your age," a father said to his sixteen-year-old son one day, "I was at the top of my class every year.可知爸爸把儿子和自己比较;根据"And when your older brother was your age," the boy's father went on, "he studied hard. You just waste your time."可知爸爸把儿子和男孩的哥哥比较;根据Finally, the boy's father said, "And when Abraham Lincoln was your age, he worked all day and studied at night."可知爸爸把儿子和Abraham Lincoln比较,没有把儿子和同学比较,故选D。

(2)推断题。根据全文可知爸爸一直抱怨儿子,把儿子和他人比较,所以儿子是生气的,即angry,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据"When I was your age," a father said to his sixteen-year-old son one day, "I was at the top of my class every year.可知爸爸小时候在班级里是好学生,即学习好,故选B。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了一个抱怨儿子的爸爸,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了

解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读理解

Confidence is very important in daily life. It is helpful to develop a healthy attitude.

If people are more confident, they are much happier. And they can have more chances to be successful. Here are some suggestions to be more confident.

Speak loudly! When you are not confident, you can't do what you want to do well. You speak in a voice so low that other people can hardly hear you. Try to speak loudly in order that people can hear you clearly. The high voice can help you become more confident.

Play sports! Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed. A strong body helps you full of confidence.

Encourage yourself! Write down a list of things you did during the day to see how many things you have done well. Give yourself praise for the good things you've done.

Keep a hobby! If you like drawing, draw as much as you can. In some ways, a hobby can make you perfect. And it will make you happy and confident.

(1)What does "It" mean in the first paragraph?

A. Attitude.

B. Confidence.

C. Happiness.

D. Sadness.

(2) can make you perfect, happy and confident.

A. A hobby

B. Sports

C. Encouragement

D. Labour

(3)What can make you tired but strong according to the passage?

A. Travel.

B. Exercise.

C. Hobbies.

D. Reading.

(4)Which suggestion is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Speak loudly.

B. Encourage yourself.

C. Make progress.

D. Keep a hobby.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述信心的重要性,就如何提高信心给出了一些建议。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Confidence is very important in daily life. It is helpful to develop a healthy attitude.可知,信心在日常生活中很重要,它对发展健康的态度很有益。it在此处指代confidence,信心,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据a hobby can make you perfect. And it will make you happy and confident.可知,爱好可以是你完美,it会使你开心自信,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Physical exercise makes you tired but completely relaxed.A strong body helps you full of confidence.可知,体育锻炼使你累但是强壮,故选B。

(4)细节题。文章提到了Speak loudly!Play sports! Encourage yourself!Keep a hobby!但是没提到Make progress,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;词句猜测题需要联系上下文,推出词句的意思。

6.阅读理解

When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.

At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived poorly in the countryside while his stepmother was from a wealthy family.

His father introduced Hill to his stepmother as he said, "Dear, I hope you notice in the entire shire this is the worst boy, who has made me have no other way. Maybe before tomorrow morning he will throw a stone at you, or do a bad thing you will never imagine."

To Hill's surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a smile, held up his head and looked at him carefully. She then turned around to tell her husband, "You're wrong. He is not the worst boy in the entire shire, but the cleverest and most creative boy. Only he doesn't find a place to show himself."

His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother. And this became the drive of his life, making him create 28 successful golden rules, which helped tens of thousands of ordinary people walk on the road to success.

Before his stepmother came, no one praised him smart, and his father and neighbours considered him as a bad boy. However, his stepmother's words changed his life.

When Hill was 14 years old, his stepmother bought him a used typewriter and said to him, "I believe you will become a writer." Hill accepted his stepmother's gift and expectation, and started writing things to a local newspaper. He understood his stepmother's strong feeling of interest in his family while he saw with his own eyes she had changed his family. Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.

The strength from his stepmother made him a rich man and famous writer in the United States and one of the most important persons in the 20th century.

Praise will never be unnecessary, especially for children. A sincere(真诚的)praise may be better than 10, 000 bad words.

(1)What did people think of Hill before the age of nine?

A. Clever.

B. Creative.

C. Unfriendly.

D. Foolish.

(2)Hill started making friends with his stepmother after she .

A. smiled at him

B. looked at him carefully

C. said good words about him

D. said bad words about him

(3)Which of the following is WRONG about Hill?

A. He accepted his stepmother's typewriter.

B. He failed to do as he was expected.

C. He started writing to a local newspaper.

D. He understood his stepmother.

(4)The passage was written mainly to tell us that .

A. children should be praised

B. Hill's father married again

C. Hill's stepmother was kind to him

D. Hill's father was cruel to him

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:小时候,希尔是一个坏孩子,当他九岁时,父亲娶了继母,父亲告诉吉姆他是个坏孩子,但是继母说他不会,而是个聪明的孩子,从此他跟继母的关系变的越来越好。在继母的关爱下成为美国著名的作家。

(1)细节理解题,根据When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.可知,希尔九岁前是个出了名的坏孩子,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据His stepmother's words warmed his heart, his eyes full of tears. With this, he started building friendship with his stepmother.可知,在继母说了他的好话后,他开始跟继母交朋友,故答案是C。

(3)正误判断题,根据Therefore, he would do as well as she expected him to.可知他跟继母期盼的做的一样好,因此B的陈述是错误的,故答案是B。

(4)主旨大意题,根据文章内容可知,继母的表扬让他发生了很大的变化,因此可知,孩子们是需要表扬的,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、正误判断题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;正误判断题同属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容做出正误判定;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

7.阅读理解

In ancient China, a woman told the best stories. She married an emperor(皇帝).Sadly, one day, this woman became ill and died. Everyone thought the emperor would soon find another favourite among his wives, but the emperor was very sad. He spent more and more time in his garden, and less and less time caring for the needs of his people. Everyone in the kingdom was worried.

One day, a priest(牧师)passed when some children were playing with their dolls. The dolls made dancing shadows on the wall. This gave the priest an idea. He knew the stories the emperor's wife used to tell. What if he could bring those stories to life?

The priest made a puppet(木偶)out of bits of clay(黏土).He painted the puppet to look somewhat like the emperor's wife. When the puppet was finished, the priest silently walked into the emperor's garden, carrying his puppet, a candle and a curtain. He placed the curtain near the emperor's chair. He placed his candle, his puppet and himself behind the curtain. He waited for the emperor to appear.

The emperor did not even notice the curtain at first. The dancing shadow drew his eyes. As the priest moved the puppet behind the curtain, he told wonderful stories as the emperor's wife. It seemed as if his wife had been spending time with him. The emperor was no longer sad. At the end of each busy day, the emperor went into his garden to visit his shadow wife and hear her stories once again. That is how shadow puppets first began.

(1)Why did everyone in the kingdom feel worried?

A. Because the emperor was too sad to care about his country.

B. Because the emperor couldn't hear the stories any more.

C. Because the emperor's wife died.

D. Because the emperor always stayed in his garden.

(2)How did the priest get a good idea?

A. From the curtain.

B. From the wall.

C. From the shadow of dolls.

D. From the dance.(3)What did the priest do to make the emperor NOT sad?

A. He played the puppet to draw the emperor's attention.

B. He told the stories that the emperor's wife had told by playing the puppet.

C. He could tell wonderful stories like the emperor's wife.

D. He could tell more wonderful stories than the emperor's wife.

(4)Which of the following is NOT needed to play a shadow puppet?

A. The priest.

B. The candle.

C. The curtain.

D. The clay.

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了皮影戏的来历。

(1)推理题。根据He spent more and more time in his garden, and less and less time caring for the needs of his people. Everyone in the kingdom was worried.他花越来越多的时间在他的花园里,越来越少的时间照顾他的人民的需要。王国里的每个人都很担心可知,王国里的每个人都感到担心因为皇帝太悲伤了,不关心他的国家,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据One day, a priest(牧师)passed when some children were playing with their dolls. The dolls made dancing shadows on the wall. This gave the priest an idea一天,一个牧师过去时,一些孩子正在玩他们的洋娃娃。洋娃娃在墙上画了跳舞的影子。这给了牧师一个主意可知,从玩偶的阴影中神父得到一个好主意,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据he told wonderful stories as the emperor's wife. The emperor was no longer sad他作为皇帝的妻子讲了一些精彩的故事,皇帝不再悲伤可知,牧师通过扮演木偶而讲述了皇帝的妻子让皇帝不难过,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据When the puppet was finished, the priest silently walked into the emperor's garden, carrying his puppet, a candle and a curtain木偶完成后,牧师带着木偶、蜡烛和窗帘默默地走进皇帝的花园可知,玩皮影戏不需要黏土,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

8.阅读理解

Will it matter if you don't take your breakfast?A short time ago, a test was given in the United States. People of different ages, from 12 to 83, were asked to have a test. During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Scientists wanted to see how. Well their bodies worked when they had eaten different kinds of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast. If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.

The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose

weight. This is because people become so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch. They will gain weight instead of losing it. You will lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.(1)During the test, the people were given .

A. no breakfast at all

B. different foods or nothing

C. too much food

D. little food for breakfast

(2)The results show that .

A. breakfast has a great effect on work and studies

B. breakfast has little to do with a person's work

C. a person will work better if he or she only has fruit and milk

D. girl students should have little for breakfast

(3)According to the passage, some people think that if you don't have breakfast you will .

A. be healthier

B. work better

C. lose weight

D. lose your way (4)The underlined word "reduce" in the last sentence means" "in Chinese.

A. 增加

B. 减少

C. 放弃

D. 享用

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文中通过一个调查,讲述了吃早饭对人们工作、身体状况的影响,以及合理吃早饭的好处。

(1)细节理解题。根据During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all.可知参加测试的人有时吃丰富的早饭,有时不吃早饭。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中第二段The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast.If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.可知吃不吃早餐对人们的学习和工作影响很大,对身体状况影响也非常大,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据第三段The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose weight.可知一些人认为不吃早饭能减肥,故选C。(4)词意猜测题。根据lose more weight ,可知是减重,根据常识可知减重需要减少饭量,因此reduce的意思是减少,故选B。

【点评】本题考查阅读理解,考查了细节理解题和词意猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,并根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行推理,归纳,从而选出正确答案。

9.阅读理解

Bill: My favourite book is The Chronicles of Narnia : The Lion, the Witch(女巫)and the

Wardrobe(魔衣柜) by C.S, Lewis. It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever, The children help save the magical land from the witch with the help of Aslan, a great talking lion. The children become leaders. But then they come back to our world ... until their next journey in Narnia.

Eric: I like reading The Magic School Bus written by Joanna Cole best. The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the human body. I like Arnold, a boy in Ms. Frizzle's class. He's really funny and he's always afraid.

Grace: One of my all-time favourite books is Ugly by Donna Jo Napoli. It's the story of an ugly young duck. It's a little sad, but after you finish reading it, you'll want to read it again and again. The way Donna Jo Napoli writes is special, and you can really get inside the characters' heads. It sounds like music when it's being read to you.

Sally: My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech. It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move. Then she is suddenly taken to Switzerland by her aunt and uncle, away from her family. Interested? Then read this book!

Jane: My favourite book is Nancy Drew Mystery(疑案) Stories by Carolyn Keene. I have read it about four times! It is about a girl who loves solving mysteries, and she finds a statue that whispers. Well, I'm not going to tell you the story. I'll let you read it by yourself.

A. a lion

B. a witch

C. a wardrobe

D. a duck

(2)When finishing reading Ugly, readers may feel a little ________________.

A. afraid

B. sad

C. excited

D. nervous

(3)Sally's favourite book is written by ________________.

A. C.S. Lewis

B. Joanna Cole

C. Donna Jo Napoli

D. Sharon Creech

(4)Tina is interested in special journeys, so she may like to read ________________.

A. Ugly

B. Bloomability

C. The Magic School Bus

D. Nancy Drew Mystery Stories

(5)Bloomability and Nancy Drew Mystery Stories both tell stories about ________________.

A. a girl

B. a magical land

C. a young duck

D. a school

【答案】(1)B

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Bill、Eric、Grace、Sally和Jane最喜爱的书。

(1)细节题。根据第一个表格It's about four children who find a magical(神奇的)land inside a wardrobe. A witch makes the land winter forever可知主要讲了四个孩子对抗女巫的故事,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据第三个表格It's a little sad可知读完后读者感到有点难过,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据第四个表格My favourite book is Bloomability by Sharon Creech.可知由Sharon Creech所写,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据第二个表格The magic school bus can go everywhere, even inside the

human body.可知魔法公交车可以去任何地方,甚至人类身体,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据第四个表格It's about a girl whose parents are always on the move.可知主要讲了一个小女孩的故事,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

10.阅读理解

For most people in the West, Valentine's Day(情人节)ends on February 15, but here in Japan it's not quite over until March 15. March 14-exactly one month after Valentine's Day--is White Day in Japan.

To really understand what White Day is all about, you have to understand what Valentine's Day in Japan is like. Japanese Valentine's Day is all about men getting presents. Japanese women are usually too shy to show their love, though it might not be true today. Valentine's Day is a great chance to let women show their feelings. Men should return gifts to women on White Day.

On both days, chocolate is the gift of choice. More often, the colour of the chocolate is white because of the name of the day. You can also buy flowers, candy or cookies.

Does it sound good to you? Don't get too excited when you get chocolate from Japanese girls! They give chocolate not only to their loved ones, but also to men such as bosses(老板) and male(男性的) friends.

The Japanese first celebrated White Day in 1978. Now it is also celebrated in South Korea and Taiwan, China.

(1)In Japan, Valentine's Day ends on ________________.

A. February 14

B. February 15

C. March 14

D. March 15(2)What's the most common White Day gift?

A. White chocolate.

B. Flowers.

C. Candy.

D. Cookies.(3)What can we learn from the passage?

A. White Day has a history of 100 years.

B. White Day is all about women getting gifts.

C. People all over the world celebrate White Day.

D. On White Day girls only give gifts to their boyfriends.

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. The history of Valentine's Day

B. Valentine's Day

C. How to celebrate White Day

D. White Day in Japan

(5)The writer of this passage may be from ________________.

A. Japan

B. China

C. America

D. South Korea

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了日本的白色情人节。

(1)细节题。根据but here in Japan it's not quite over until March 15.可知日本情人节直到3月15日结束,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据On both days, chocolate is the gift of choice.可知巧克力是礼物的选择,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Japanese Valentine's Day is all about men getting presents. Valentine's Day is a great chance to let women show their feelings.Men should return gifts to women on White Day.可知日本的白色情人节是关于男士得到礼物,并且男士把礼物归还给女士,故选B。(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了日本的白色情人节,故选D。

(5)推断题。根据全文可知主要讲了主要讲了日本的白色情人节,所以作者可能来自日本,即Japan,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

Good food photography(摄影) makes the food look fresh, so many dishes have stand-ins (替身), just as movie stars do. "When I get my lights and camera set up, I remove the stand-in and put in the real thing," explains Ray Webber, who photographs food for magazine advertisements. "Sometimes I have to brush the food with its juices because it may have dried out a bit. And when I'm shooting(拍摄) something like tomatoes, I always carry an atomizer (喷雾器) of water to spray(喷洒) them with dew(水珠) just before I shoot."

Shooting food outdoors has special problems. "I'm always worrying about flies or worms (虫) coming up the glass," Webber explains. "I am also worried that someday a dog will come up from behind and run off with the food." Once Webber was shooting a piece of cheese outdoors and needed something to add to its colour. Finally he found a plant with lovely blue flowers. When the photo appeared, several people were horrified (惊骇的), because the plant was Deadly NightShade(颠茄,有毒).

(1)According to the article, both movie stars and some food to be photographed .

A. appear on sets(舞台)

B. need stand-ins

C. look better in soft light

D. all of the above

(2)Food probably looks best in photographs if it has been .

A. sprayed some water

B. kept warm

C. salted properly

D. cooked thoroughly (3)As for outdoor photography, Webber mentions .

A. lighting

B. worms

C. wind

D. both A and B

(4)Webber is afraid that dogs might .

A. bark while he is shooting

B. get into his pictures

C. steal the food

D. upset (打翻) his camera

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

【解析】【分析】大意:文章主要介绍了摄影师 Ray Webber拍照的一些方法。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段 Good food photography(摄影) makes the food look fresh, so many dishes have stand-ins(替身), just as movie stars do. 可知,电影明星和一些食物摄影都需要替身。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据第一段And when I'm shooting(拍摄)something like tomatoes, I always carry an atomizer(喷雾器)of water to spray(喷洒)them with dew(水珠)just before I shoot. 可知,食物在拍摄之前喷洒上一些水,可能看起来最好。故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据第二段I'm always worrying about flies or worms(虫)coming up the glass .可知,在提到户外摄影的时候, Webber 提到他担心虫子从草那上来。故选B。(4)细节理解题。根据第二段I am also worried that someday a dog will come up from behind and run off with the food. 我同样也担心某天一只狗会从后面出现,带着食物跑了,可知他担心狗偷走食物。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题要注意从文中寻找答案。

12.阅读理解

Different countries have different greeting customs. Read this article to know more about the greeting customs in different cultures, and make sure you greet people in the right way next time.

最新英语中考英语阅读理解训练(word)1

A. meet for the first time

B. be close friends

C. be in a social situation

D. be in a formal situation

(2)In Brazil, it is very common to _____ between good friends.

A. shake hands

B. kiss on the cheek

C. bow to each other

D. give a light hug (3)Which of the following is about Ghana?

A. Friends can give a light hug to each other.

B. People can give a nod or handshake.

C. It's impolite to touch the back of the hand.

D. Family members can greet each other with a kiss.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了不同的国家有不同的问候习俗,了解更多不同文化中的问候习俗,确保下次你用正确的方式问候别人。

(1)推理题。根据close friends kiss each other on both cheeks when they meet亲密的朋友见面时会亲吻对方的双颊可知,迈克亲吻一个法国男孩吉姆的脸颊,他们可能是亲密的朋友,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据a light hug is often given to each other可知,在巴西,好朋友之间轻轻拥抱一下很常见,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据It's considered disrespectful to touch the back of the hand可知,在加纳触摸手背是不礼貌的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

13.阅读理解

In your school, are you allowed to choose the subjects you want to learn? Of course, the answer is "No" here in China.

In America there is a school trying something new. At a high school in Florida, students will be able to choose their own classes. We all know that some students are better at some subjects than others. Some students plan to go on to college, while others do not. At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).

Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future, and the school helps to give them the knowledge and skills needed to get there. They say that giving the students the chance to choose their own classes makes high school more interesting. Others disagree. They think it will make it difficult for students to discover different possibilities(潜力).They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know

what they want to do in the future.

What do you think? Would you like to be able to choose your own classes? Many useful changes have been made in education, but seeing the differences in each student is also important. How can we help each student become a better student?

(1)Some people think allowing students to choose their own classes helps them _________.

A. show how smart they are

B. know differences between them

C. prepare for their futures

D. know their duties in life

(2)Some people don't agree students should choose their own classes because they think

_________.

A. some students are too nervous to make a right decision

B. some students shouldn't be workers in the future

C. some students care little about their own futures

D. some students aren't old enough to know what they want to do in the future

(3)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. All the high schools in Florida give the students the chance to choose their own classes.

B. All the people think allowing students to choose their classes can help them find their own possibilities.

C. The school in Florida helps students by giving the knowledge and skills they will need.

D. In the writer's opinion, it's not important to see the differences in each student in school education.

(4)What's the best title for the passage?

A. Chinese education

B. A new way of education

C. To change our education

D. To improve learning skills

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了美国的教育现象,学生可以自己选择学习科目,

而在中国不能,有人认为这种制度好也有人认为不好。

(1)细节理解题,根据Some people think this is a good idea, because it helps students think about what they want to do in the future,可知允许学生选课可以帮着孩子们为未来做准备,

故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题,根据They point out that fourteen-year-old teenagers are too young to know what they want to do in the future可知,不同意的人认为,孩子们太小不知道他们

未来想做什么,故答案是D。

(3)正误判断题,根据At this school students are able to find subjects they are interested in, and possibly even find the field(领域)they would like to go into after

finishing school. They are allowed to choose a subject like biology, math, a foreign language, or study skills like car repair(修理).可知,佛罗里达的这所学校既让学生们学习知识,也让学生们学到技能,故答案是C。

(4)标题判断题,根据文章内容可知,文章介绍了美国的教育方式,B选项最接近短文中心思想,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、正误判断题和标题判断题几种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;正误判断题也属于细节理解题,需要根据文章内容进行正误判定;标题判断题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,最后凝练句式获取答案。

14.阅读理解

Who is the greatest teacher in Chinese history? Many people would say: Confucius(孔子). September 28is his birthday. He was born over 2, 000 years ago, but people still remember him on this day. Confucius lived in the Kingdom of Lu, part of today's Shandong Province. He lived during the Spring and Autumn Period. His childhood was sad. His father died when he was only 3 and he had to work to help his mother. But young Confucius didn't give up studying. He visited many famous teachers and learned music, history, poetry and sports.

Later, he became a teacher and started the first public school in Chinese history. At that time only children from rich families could go to school, but Confucius believed everyone should go to school if they wanted to learn. He had about 3, 000 students in his lifetime.

Today, people still follow Confucius' lessons. He told us that everyone has something worthy to be learned. "When I am with three people, one of them must be better than me in some areas. I select their good qualities and follow them. I take their bad qualities and change them in myself. "He also taught us, "All study but no thinking makes people puzzled(困惑的). All thinking but no study makes people lazy."

Confucius is not only a great teacher, but also a famous thinker with wise thoughts about the world and society. His most important teachings are about kindness and good manners. "A kind person should care for others. Be strict with yourself, but he kind to others," he said.

(1)Confucius started the first public school so that.

A. he could find himself a job as a teacher

B. children could learn at school rather than at home

C. he could be the first teacher in Chinese history

D. children from poor families could go to school as well

(2)Confucius not only gave lessons but also.

A. encouraged people to be strict

B. provided students with puzzles

C. advised people to behave well

D. taught students how to make friends

(3)What can we learn from Confucius according to the passage?

A. Thinking is very important in study.

B. We can learn everything from others.

C. We should always care for ourselves.

D. Learning music and sports is popular.

(4)Which of the following is the best title for this passage?

A. Confucius' teaching methods

B. A great man with a hard childhood

C. A person who changed Chinese history

D. Confucius-a great teacher and thinker

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了孔子,他不仅是一位伟大的老师,也是一位著名的思想家,他对世界和社会有着明智的思考。

(1)推理题。根据he became a teacher and started the first public school in Chinese history. At that time only children from rich families could go to school, but Confucius believed everyone should go to school if they wanted to learn. He had about 3, 000 students in his lifetime.他成为一名教师,并开办了中国历史上第一所公立学校。那时只有富裕家庭的孩子才能上学,但是孔子认为如果每个人都想学习,就应该去上学。他一生大约有3000名学生可知孔子开办了第一所公立学校使得贫困家庭的孩子也可以上学,故选D。

(2)推理题。根据 Confucius is not only a great teacher, but also a famous thinker with wise thoughts about the world and society. His most important teachings are about kindness and good manners. "A kind person should care for others. Be strict with yourself, but he kind to others," he said. 孔子不仅是一位伟大的老师,也是一位著名的思想家,他对世界和社会有着明智的思考。他最重要的教导是关于善良和礼貌。“一个善良的人应该关心别人。对自己要求严格,但他对别人很好,”他说。可知孔子不仅上课,而且建议人们表现良好,故选C。

(3)推理题。根据He also taught us, "All study but no thinking makes people puzzled (困惑的). All thinking but no study makes people lazy."他还教导我们,“只学习不思考让人迷惑(困惑的)。只思考不学习会让人变懒。”可知思考在学习中非常重要,故选A。

(4)主旨题。根据本文介绍了孔子,他不仅是一位伟大的老师,也是一位著名的思想家,他对世界和社会有着明智的思考可知Confucius-a great teacher and thinker 适合做标题,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及推断题和主旨,推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

This August, we'll welcome guests from all over the world. Some of them follow their own special cultural traditions. It's important for us to know about them.

In many countries, such as Thailand, India and Malaysia, people believe that the left hand is unclean. So, it's not proper to use one's left hand to hold food, touch others or pass objects.

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