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World-famous physicist(物理学家)Stephen Hawking died peacefully at his home in Cambridge on March 14th, 2018.

Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8th, 1942. He went to school in a small city near London. As he himself admitted, he wasn`t very serious about studying. He did very little work; he was never top of his class. However, he still achieved good marks. After leaving school, Hawk-ing first went to Oxford University to study physics. Then he went to Cambridge University to study cosmology(宇宙学).

At the age of 21, Hawking noticed something wrong with him. He had a bad illness that stopped him from moving and talking. He couldn`t communicate except by blinking(眨眼). He sat on a wheelchair with a computer by his side. To communicate with others, he moved two fingers to control the computer`s mouse. He chose his words from the screen, which were then spoken by a voice synthesizer(音响合成器). “I`ve had the disease for most of my life,” Hawking once said. “Yet it has not stopped me from being succe ssful at my work.”

Although Hawking was a disabled man, he made great achievements. He received many awards and prizes for his work, including the Albert Einstein Award—the highest achievement in physics. Hawking worked at Cambridge University as a professor. His story shows that nobody, however bad their situation is, should lose hope. “Life is not fair,” he once said. “You just have to do the best you can in your own situation.”

1.When did Stephen Hawking pass away?

A.On January 8th,1942.

B.On March 14th,2018.

C.On March 24th,2018.

2.During studying in a small city near London, we know that () .

A.Stephen Hawking was the best student of his class

B.Stephen Hawking didn`t work hard at his lessons

C.Stephen Hawking began to study cosmology

3.What happened to Stephen Hawking when he was 21?

A.There was something wrong with his head.

B.He couldn`t even blink to communicate except by moving fingers.

C.He could neither talk nor move.

4.How did Stephen Hawking communicate with others after the bad illness?

A.By mouth.

B.By body languages.

C.By a voice synthesizer.



2.语音朗读并语音翻译:“Life is not fair,You just have to do the best you can in your own situation.”




There is a popular Chinese saying that “Fair skin(皮肤) will make up for three flaws(缺陷)”. This mentions the fact that in Chinese culture, it is believed that people who have fair skin are more beautiful.

In Western culture, however, the opposite is true—many Westerners think tanned skin is prettier. The example shows that different cultures have different ideas of what they think is beautiful. These cultural meanings of beauty, however, are no longer important. As more and more people travel overseas, ideas about beauty are being shared among cultures. The Internet has also made it easier for people to share different types of beauty since people are always posting pictures on social media. The result is an

ever-changing idea of what is considered beautiful.

The cultural practice of ear piercings, for example, has become a part of modern day culture. In Kenya, it is a tradition among the Masai men and women to pierce and then make their ear lobes(耳垂)longer using ivory and wood or stones. They then wear colorful things on their ear lobes. This is a common practice since longer ear lobes are seen as a sign of beauty. This tradition has now found its way into present-day culture. Nowadays, this might still seem unusual to some, but with more and more well-known actors and film stars showing off their longer ear lobes, it will finally become more fashionable.

It is understood that different cultures around the world have different ways of showing beauty. However, since we now live in a worldwide society, people`s views about beauty are always changing. With the help of the Internet, people are now able to easily borrow ideas from other cultures to help them stand out. So what new fashions can we expect to see in the future?

1.What has made it easier for people to share ideas about beauty?

A.The development of technology.

B.The popularity of the latest fashions.

C.The unchanged cultural traditions.

D.The world`s growing population.

2.What can be learned about the Masai people from the passage?

A.Longer ear lobes are their new fashion.

B.Only women make their ear lobes longer.

C.They think longer ear lobes look beautiful.

D.They make actors and film stars famous.

3.The underlined word“them” in the last paragraph refers to ( ) .





4.What is the passage mainly about?

A.People in Asian countries like fair skin better.

B.Beauty is considered important in many cultures.

C.Different cultures have different ideas about beauty.

D.People's ideas about beauty are changing all the time.



2.语音朗读并语音翻译:It is understood that different cultures around the world have different ways of showing beauty.



Passage 3

There‘s much to see under the sea, but you need to remember t hat light behaves differently in wa-ter than in air. The objects appear closer to you than they exactly are. You might find yourself reaching out to touch something and completely missing it.

Objects under water will appear larger than they would on the surface, too. Be careful not to tell any stories about the big fish that got away. That fish might not be so big after all! It’s just because sometimes things can seem to be as much as about 33 percent bigger in water!

What‘s more, in deeper water, colors just don’t seem as bright. In fact, it looks as if some colors are missing. Remember the color of an object results from the wavelengths(波长)of light that are reflected(反射)from its surface. And light is taken in as it moves down through the water.

Swimmers we ar wet suits to keep warm underwater. Let‘s take a bright red, yellow, and blue wet suit as an example. These colors are hard to miss on the surface of water. Watch carefully the changes in color as you descend in the water. The red part now looks almost black because the red light wavelengths, the

longest among these three colors, are missing. As you go down deeper, the same thing will happen to the yellow part and in the end to the blue part. Even at a place of about 6 to 9 meters underwater, you will look terrible, like a ghost(鬼怪)! And you have to wait for your return to the surface to enjoy the bright colors again!

1.You miss the object underwater when you want to touch it because _______. .

A.your eyesight is quite poor

B.you are not quick enough

C.it is not as close as it seems

D.it disappears very quickly

2.The example of the wet suit is used to explain the change of _______ of an object underwater.

A.the size

B.the color

C.the position

D.the weight

3.The underlined word “descend”probably means _______ in Chinese in this passage.





4.Which of the following is true?

A.A four-meter-long fish looks three meters long underwater. .

B.The wavelengths of red light are longer than those of blue light.

C.Much water will be taken in by the swimmer deep in the water.

D.You will see a ghost if you go as deep as 6 to 9 meters into the sea.

5.The best title of this passage is _______ .

A.The Standard of Color Underwater

B.The Direction of Light Underwater

C.The Brightness of Color Underwater

D.The Behavior of Light Underwater

Passage 4

Traveling can be expensive. But there are some ways to save money when traveling. Try

some of the advice below on your next vacation and your wallet will thank you.

Look for city tourism cards. With the card, you can pay less at restaurants and shops. You don't have to wait for a long time at busy attractions. You might even get free tickets to top tourist attrac-tions. City tourism cards can save your money and time without question.

Don't get the best room. How long will you stay in your room?Will you just be sleeping there?Do you really need a bigger room with a good view(景色)?

Find a hotel outside a city. It can help you save some money by choosing a hotel away from big tourist attractions, for you are always doing the same—go to the attractions and then return to your hotel to sleep.

Book(预订)a room with a kitchen. Although some people might not like to cook while on vacation, I don't mind making breakfast in my room. We always eat at a nice restaurant on our last night of the vacation. I'd rather eat breakfast and lunch at the hotel and then spend much money on a deli-cious supper.


1.With _______ , you can pay less at restaurants and shops.

A.ID cards

B.tourism cards

C.bank cards

D.phone cards

2.The underlined words“tourist attractions”in Paragraph 2 mean _______ .





3.To save some money, the writer advises tourists to _______ .

A.get the best room

B.live near big tourist attractions

C.live away from big tourist attractions

D.take a map with them when traveling

4.The writer prefers to make breakfast and lunch in the hotel because _______ .

A.they are healthier and more delicious

B.he likes cookers in the hotel

C.there are not any restaurants in the neighborhood

D.he'd rather spend much money on a delicious supper

5.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A.How to save money when traveling.

B.How to get a tourism card.

C.How to find a hotel outside a city.

D.How to book a room on the Internet.

Passage 5

Buying Is Doing?

How important is shopping to you? How much time do you spend buying things? And how much time do you spend organizing these things in your home? In the future, how much time will you spend in movie theaters, at amusement parks, at shopping malls, or at convenience stores? When you add it all up, you will probably see you spend a lot of your life consuming(消费)things. Con-suming products is not necessarily bad. However, if we spend too much time doing it, we should look at it carefully.

Imagine that you have a week off from school. You don't have to go to class. However, in this week, you cannot spend any money—no shopping, no movies, no eating out. How would you spend your time? What things would bring you happiness? Perhaps you would take a walk with your best friend. Perhaps you would help a child read. Or you might spend time with your family.

When we look back, it is likely that non-consuming experiences like these will be our most impor-tant memories. Why? Non-consuming activities are active, not passive. They don't come in a package. You make the experience yourself. For example, each person who reads to a child will have a different experience. The experience changes with the reader, the child, and the book. Simi-larly, when you have a conversation with a friend, you are actively creating an experience. The conversation that you have with your friend cannot be experienced or recreated by anyone else. However, if you watch a movie with a friend, you will each have a packaged experience. It re-quires no action and little interaction between the two of you.

The environment we live in encourages us to have packaged experiences. We feel that we must consume because we believe that buying is doing. However, we can start a personal revolution(变革)against consumerism. How? By consuming less. We can ask ourselves what experiences bring us the greatest satisfaction. Then we can organize our lives so that we have more of those kinds of experiences.

1.If consuming products takes too much time, we should _______ .

A.spend less money

B.think about it carefully

http://www.doczj.com/doc/7385621.html,anize our things

D.go to convenience stores

2.According to the passage, the writer believes that _______ .

A.we can say no to consumerism by consuming less

B.buying things can bring us the greatest satisfaction

C.the environment seldom influences our shopping choices

D.consuming experiences will be our most important memories

3.What is the writer's main purpose in writing this passage?

A.To introduce some ways of enjoying our spare time.

B.To encourage people to have more active experiences.

C.To explain reasons behind people's shopping behavior.

D.To share his personal experience in consuming products.

Passage 6

On my recent trip to Sydney with my parents, we visited the Wildlife Park.

The Wildlife Park has lots of different animals and birds. Some are native(当地的)to Australia and can only be found there. There are over 600 animals there, including kangaroos, koalas and crocodiles(鳄鱼). They are kept in their natural environment. I like the Wildlife Park better than a zoo where most of the animals are in cages(笼子).

We first spent some time with the kangaroos. We were allowed to touch and feed them. It was very exciting to be so close to them. There were koalas there too. They looked very cuddly(令人想拥抱的). Although we were not allowed to carry them, I got to take a photo with one. It is a wonder-ful souvenir(纪念品)of my holiday in Sydney.

The Wildlife Park has plenty of freshwater and saltwater crocodiles. Some of them are really big and scary(吓人的)with huge teeth!I did not want to get too close to them.

There was also a bird show. The keepers showed us different species(种类)they had. I saw an old parrot which could “talk”. It made a great impression on me.

I enjoyed the trip very much. There was so much to see.

1.Where is the Wildlife Park?

A.In Sydney.

B.In Cairo.

C.In Athens.

D.In Rome.

2.What is a wonderful souvenir of the writer's holiday?

A.A parrot that could talk.

B.A chance to feed a koala.

C.A photo with a koala.

D.Food for the kangaroos.

3.Why didn't the writer want to get very close to the crocodiles?

A.They lived in water.

B.The writer was afraid of them.

C.The writer did not want to feed them.

D.The writer did not like the smell of saltwater.

4.Which of the following is true?

A.The kangaroos are kept in cages in the Wildlife Park.

B.The writer travelled to the Wildlife Park alone.

C.The writer went to see koalas first.

D.The writer watched a bird show.

5.How did the writer feel after visiting the Wildlife Park?





Passage 7

During the 2016 Rio Olympics, people were surprised to see the round, purple marks on the body of the famous American swimmer Michael Phelps. What happened to him?In fact, he just vis-ited a doctor of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)and had“cupping”(拔火罐).

Massage(按摩)and acupuncture(针灸)are two other important kinds of TCM. Chinese massage can make you relaxed and fresh. In acupuncture, doctors put long needles(针)into the patients' heads, faces, arms... It takes away pain, though the look is funny.

TCM is an important part of Chinese culture. The earliest medical classic in China, Huangdi's Classic on Medicine, came out more than 2,000 years ago. The book is about the relationship be-tween man and nature. In Chinese culture, yin and yang are the two parts of nature. Nature keeps balanced(平衡)if yin and yang work well together. The human body needs such a balance, too. TCM helps to do that. Quite specially, for some health problems, a doctor of TCM will not give you medicine. Instead, he may give you just a food plan and right ways to eat.

For example, it is common to eat on the way to school, at our desk, or in front of the TV. But TCM thinks it's wrong. Here are the correct ways:Sit down to eat. While eating, turn off the TV and get away from the work desk. Eat seasonal foods. Do not miss any of the three meals. Also, get your body moving often, just as the saying goes,“Running water is never stale.”

Nowadays, traditional Chinese medicine is becoming more and more popular around the world. A government report says that people in 183 countries and areas are now using TCM.

1.In the first paragraph, the writer mentioned Michael Phelps _______ .

A.to introduce a doctor of TCM

B.to give an example of using cupping

C.to introduce the Rio Olympics

D.to give an example of a good swimmer

2.About Huangdi's Classic on Medicine, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A.It is the earliest medical classic in China.

B.It came out over 2,000 years ago.

C.It is mainly about how to take medicine.

D.It is an important book on TCM.

3.The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means“_______ ”in Chinese.





4.If we put the passage into three parts, which of the following is the best?







Passage 8

Illegal(违法的)driving is really dangerous. It may cause traffic accidents, even deaths. It's report-ed that thousands of people die from illegal driving each year. Many countries are trying their best to control it. France, for example, has made some strict rules and laws to stop it.

People are warned not to eat while driving. Any driver who is caught eating while at the wheel will be stopped by the police. Then he will be fined up to £50 for it.

Drivers are not allowed to read a map, make a phone call or listen to very loud music while driv-ing. Besides, it is against the rules for the motorists to use any kind of earphones. Things change easily on the road. Drivers never know what will happen next.

From July 2 on, it will be illegal to smoke when there is a child aged 12 or under in the car. Smok-ing is also banned(禁止)outdoors at children's play areas, including those at motorway rest areas.

Notices in several languages have been put up at motorway service stations to warn foreign visitors of the rules.

Driving after drinking can put people in danger. All the drivers are asked to carry alcohol breath test equipment(酒精测试仪)in their cars. Anyone who breaks the rule will be punished.

1.The underlined words “be fined” here probably mean “_______ ”.

A.pay money as a punishment

B.get money as a prize

C.find money

D.make money

2.How can foreign visitors know the rules against smoking?

A.By reading the newspaper.

B.By reading the notices.

C.By asking the local people.

D.By listening to the radio.

3.The writer writes the article to _______ in France.

A.introduce the rules and laws against illegal driving

B.discuss the rules against driving after drinking

C.tell drivers not to make a phone call while driving

D.talk about traffic accidents

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