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2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

山东青岛市2017年初中学业水平考试英语(有解析)

第Ⅰ卷(共30分)

Ⅰ. 单项选择从每小题所给的四个选项中选出能够完成或回答这一小题的最佳答案。(共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

(2017·山东青岛) 1. Look! There is _________ bottle on the table.

A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

1. A 【解析】考查冠词。句意:看!有一个瓶子在桌子上。此处表示“泛指一个”且bottle以辅音音素/b/开头,不定冠词应用a。故选A。

(2017·山东青岛) 2. My father gave me a bike on my __________ birthday.

A. ten

B. a tenth

C. the tenth

D. tenth

2. D 【解析】考查数词。句意:在我十岁生日时,爸爸给我买了一辆自行车。表示某人的第几个生日时,应用序数词;因有物主代词修饰,此处不加定冠词the。故选D。

(2017·山东青岛) 3. —Which is your new English teacher?

—The young lady _________ red over there.

A. with

B. in

C. on

D. for

3. B 【解析】考查介词。句意:——哪一个是你的新英语老师?——那边那个穿红色衣服的年轻的女子。介词in+颜色,表示“穿……颜色的衣服”。故选B。

(2017·山东青岛) 4. Fruit is good for health, so I often have breakfast with one _________.

A. candy

B. cake

C. banana

D. hamburger

4. C 【解析】考查名词辨析。句意:水果对健康有好处,因此我经常早餐时吃一根香蕉。candy糖果;cake 蛋糕;banana香蕉;hamburger汉堡包。根据前一分句关键词“Fruit(水果)”可定位答案为C。

(2017·山东青岛) 5. Jack’s mother was so tired. She felt asleep __________ she lay down on the bed.

A. until

B. as soon as

C. unless

D. although

5. B 【解析】考查连词辨析。句意:杰克的妈妈十分的劳累。她一躺到床上的时候就睡着了。until直到……才;as soon as一……就;unless除非;although尽管。根据语境可知选B。

(2017·山东青岛) 6. Jenny is afraid to travel by plane. She always feels __________ when getting on it.

A. nervous

B. interested

C. relaxed

D. happy

6. A 【解析】考查形容词辨析。句意:珍妮害怕坐飞机旅行。当上飞机的时候,她总是感到紧张。nervous 紧张的;interested感兴趣的;relaxed放松的;happy开心的。根据可空前珍妮害怕坐飞机,那么她坐飞机时自然地就感到紧张。故选A。

(2017·山东青岛) 7. —Can I come today or tomorrow?

—__________ is OK. I’m busy today and tomorrow.

A. Either

B. Neither

C. Each

D. None

7. B 【解析】考查代词用法。句意:——我是今天还是明天来呢?——_________可以。我今明两天都忙。Either两者中的任一;Neither两者都不;Each每一个;None没有人,没有任何东西。根据答语可知,我今、明两天都忙,故哪天都不行。故选B。

(2017·山东青岛) 8. __________ we work at English, the better grades we will get.

A. Harder

B. The hardest

C. Hardest

D. The harder

8. D 【解析】考查形容词或副词的比较等级的用法。句意:我们越努力学习英语,我们就会获得越高的分数。本题考查固定句型“the+形容词比较级, the+形容词比较级”,意为“越……,越……”。故选D。

(2017·山东青岛) 9. Teenagers have to be 18 years old before they __________ to drive a car.

A. are allowed

B. allowed

C. will be allowed

D. allow

9. A 【解析】考查动词的语态。句意:青少年应在18岁之后被允许开车。根据语境可知,此处表示“被动”;又before意为“在……以前”,引导时间状语从句,遵循“主将从现”,因此此处应用are allowed。故选A。

(2017·山东青岛) 10. —__________ do you go to a movie?

—Twice a week.

A. How long

B. How soon

C. How often

D. How far

10. C 【解析】考查特殊疑问词。句意:——你多久看一次电影。——一周两次。How long“……多长”;How soon“多久”;How often“多久一次”;How far“离(……有多远)”。根据答语Twice a week可知,问句是对频率提问。故选C。

(2017·山东青岛) 11. These oranges look nice, but __________ very sour.

A. feel

B. taste

C. sound

D. look

11. B 【解析】考查名词辨析。句意:这些橙子看起来不错,但是尝起来非常酸。feel感觉;taste尝起来;sound听起来;look看起来。从空格后sour(酸的)可知,空格处应是“尝起来”。故选B。

(2017·山东青岛) 12. We should keep quiet in the cinema. We __________ speak loudly.

A. can

B. must

C. needn’t

D. mustn’t

12. D 【解析】考查情态动词。句意:我们应当在电影院保持安静。我们不可以大声说话。can可以,能;must必须;needn’t没必要;mustn’t禁止,不允许,不可以。故选D。

(2017·山东青岛) 13. As a volunteer, the girl wants to visit sick kids in the hospital __________ them up.

A. to cheer

B. cheer

C. cheering

D. cheered

13. A 【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:作为一名志愿者,(这个)女孩儿想去看望医院里生病的孩子,让他们开心。此处考查动词不定式作目的状语,to cheer them up(来让他们开心)。故选A。

(2017·山东青岛) 14. You can __________ the word in the dictionary if you don’t know it.

A. give away

B. cut off

C. take after

D. look up

14. D 【解析】考查动词短语辨析。句意:如果你不认识这个单词就在字典里查找一下。give away赠送,泄露;cut off砍下,切除;take after长得像,性格类似于;look up查阅。故选D。

(2017·山东青岛) 15. —Excuse me, do you know __________?

—On foot.

A. what Alice came to do

B. where Alice came from

C. how Alice came here

D. who Alice came with

15. C 【解析】考查宾语从句语序问题。句意:——打扰一下,你知道Alice怎么来这儿的吗?——步行。根据答语on foot(步行)可知,问句应问方式“怎么,怎样”。故选C。

Ⅱ. 阅读理解阅读下列短文,做出正误判断或选出最佳答案。A篇为判断正(A)误(B)题,B、C篇为选择题。(共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

(2017·山东青岛)A

Our ski is like a bag that we live in. Inside the bag our bodies are mostly water. Our water is like the water in

the sea. It is very salty. Also, like the ocean, we can lose our water. The wind and the sun could take it away. Our bag of ski keeps our body’s ocean from drying up.

Our skin keeps out sunshine. Too much sunshine can hurt us. Skin also keeps out dirt. That’s important because some kinds of dirt can make us sick. Our skin feels things. It feels warm things, cold things, things it touches, and things that hurt it. A campfire feels warm. A snowball thrown in our face feels cold and hurts us. A hug is the touch of another person’s skin on our own.

Our hair is a special kind of covering. It helps us keep things out of our eyes, ears and nose. Hair is also good for keeping us warm. When we get goose bumps (鸡皮疙瘩), our body hairs stand up. Then the hairs hold air close to our skin like a thick blanket (毯子). Hair keeps animals warm, too. Some animals have more hair than others, so they have a better blanket for cold weather.

Our nails (指甲) are another special skin which are very hard. They help keep our fingers from getting hurt. Our nails aren’t as strong as the nails that animals have. But they are good for picking up coins.

16. Our skin is like a bag full of salt.

17. Our skin keeps out dirt and sunshine.

18. Our shine helps us feel things, touch or hurt others.

19. Our hair helps protect our eyes, ears and nose.

20. Our nails are weaker than the nails that animals have but can keep our fingers safe.

题材:科普常识

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。本文主要描述各身体器官在保护个人身体健康中所承担的作用与重要意义。

16. B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段第二句Inside the bag our bodies are mostly water.可知,原题表述错误。故选B。

17. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第一句Our skin keeps out sunshine.和第三句Skin also keeps out dirt.可知,原题表述正确。故选A。

18. B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第六句It feels warm things, cold things, things it touches, and things that hurt it.可知,我们的皮肤可以感知到伤害它的东西,而不是皮肤帮助我们伤害其他(人或事物)。故选B。

19. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段第二句It helps us keep things out of our eyes, ears and nose.可知,原题表述正确。故选A。

20. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段第二、三句They help keep our fingers from getting hurt. Our nails aren’t as strong as the nails that animals have.可知,原题表述正确。故选A。

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

21. You probably eat Chinese, Italian and Indian food at __________.

A. City Hall

B. Central Park

C. the City Theatre

D. City College

22. We can see movies at ___________.

A. 10:00 a.m.

B. 9:30 a.m.

C. 3:45 p.m.

D. 8:00 p.m.

23. The Zoo here is a ___________.

A. music group

B. US concert

C. popular park

D. museum theatre

24. From the passage, we can know ___________.

A. if you are 8 years old, you have to pay to learn exciting dances

B. you can call 4987898 to get a ticket to go to Rose Hall

C. you can learn local history on a walking tour on Sunday morning

D. the Redbirds’ last match this year will be held outside

25. The passage is manly about __________.

A. city news

B. weekend activities

C. music work

D. food festival

题材:周末活动

【文章大意】本文以图表的形式呈现学生不同时间,不同目的可供选择的周末活动。

21. B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第四个表格中的信息Are you tired of eating the same food every day? Come to Central Park on Saturday and enjoy food from all over the world.可知,Central Park这里有来自世界各地的美食。故选B。

22. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三个表格中的信息Kung Fu Panda will be at 3:45.可知,我们可以在下午3:45看电影。故选C。

23. A 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一个表格中的信息The Zoo, a popular rock group from Australia, will give their first US concert this Saturday night at 8:00 at Rose Hall, City College.可知,这里的Zoo是一个音乐组合。故选A。

24. D 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第二个表格中的信息It’s October, and this Saturday night is your last chance to see the Redbirds this year. Get your ticket at the gate. It might be cold.可知,Redbirds今年最后的比赛可能在外面举行。故选D。

25. B 【解析】推理判断题。通读表格信息可知,这篇文章是有关周末活动的。故选B。

(2017·山东青岛)C

Ray Charles, a black singer and pianist of the USA. He had won 12 Grammy Awards (格莱美奖) and performed at 10,000 concerts around the world. Many musicians called him simply “the Genius” (天才).

Ray Charles was born into a poor family, without a father. When he was 5 years old, his younger brother died, and around the same time, Charles started to lose his sight. By the age of 7 he was completely blind. He had already been learning the piano for a year, and when he went blind, his mother knew this would be the only way he would make any money in the future. All his life, Charles remembered her saying: “Do it right, or don’t do it at all.”

Later he went to a school for blind and deaf children. There the teachers also encouraged him to study music. Sadly, while he was still at school, his mother died. He left school and in the early 1950s Charles organized a group of players. He sang, played the piano and wrote music.

He made many classical CDs with famous artists such as Elton John and the Beatles.

In 2003 a film of his life Ray was made. The part of Charles was played by a younger actor and musician

called Jamie Foxx. The film director brought Foxx to meet Charles. After they had been playing together for two hour, Charles, then aged 73, jumped up and said: “He’s the one ... he can do it.” A year later Charles died aged 74. The film of his life has been as popular as his songs and means that the memory of Charles’ music will live on.

26. What can we learn from Ray’s childhood story?

A. His father died when he was 5 years old.

B. He started to go blind at the age of 7.

C. He was born in a rich musician family.

D. He started to learn the piano at the age of 6.

27. Ray Charles’ mother encouraged him to play music because _________.

A. his father was a musician as well

B. because it would help him get used to being blind

C. it was a good way for a blind person to get money

D. his teacher thought he was genius

28. Ray Charles went to a school for __________.

A. normal children

B. deaf and blind children

C. talented children only

D. children without parents

29. Ray Charles thought that Jamie Foxx __________.

A. was the right person to play him in the film

B. was a good film maker

C. was the wrong person to play him in the film

D. was a good director

30. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?

A. Becoming a musician.

B. Childhood story.

C. The film of Ray’s life.

D. Master of many styles

题材:人物故事

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。本文以名人传记的形式体现盲人歌手的一生,通过克服困难,最终实现人生理想,以激励中学生积极向上。

26. D【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第二句When he was 5 years old, his younger brother died, ...可知,A 项错在:当Ray五岁的时候,他的小弟去世了,而不是他的爸爸。根据第二段第二句..., Charles started to lose his sight.可知,B项错在:Ray是在五岁的时候开始失明的,而不是七岁。根据第二段第一句Ray Charles was born into a poor family, ...可知,C项错在:Ray出生在一个贫困家庭,而不是一个富有的音乐之家。故选D。

27. C【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段中的..., and when he went blind, his mother knew this would be the only way he would make any money in the future.可知,Ray的妈妈鼓励他演奏(音乐)是因为这对于盲人来说是一个赚钱的好方法。故选C。

28. B【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段第一句Later he went to a school for blind and deaf children.可知答案。故选B。

29. A【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的He’s the one ... he can do it.可知答案。故选C。

30. C【解析】段落大意题。仔细阅读最后一段内容可知,最后一段主要讲述了以Ray的人生为题材的一部电影Ray。故选C。

第Ⅱ卷(共60分)

Ⅲ. 综合填空(共20小题,A每小题2分,B、C每小题1分,共25分)

A.

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

(2017·山东青岛) 1. Don’t make any noise. Your grandfather ___________ in bed.

(2017·山东青岛) 2. My sister likes making friends. She often _____________ her ideas with them.

(2017·山东青岛) 3. Next week the students in our class _____________ into different teams to play basketball. (2017·山东青岛) 4. It snowed heavily last night, so a car _______________ a tree by accident a moment ago. (2017·山东青岛) 5. People in this city ________________ lots of trees in the last few years.

Ⅲ. A. 1. is sleeping 2. shares 3. will be divided 4. hit 5. have planted

B. 根据句意和所给汉语,完成句子,每空一词。(5分)

(2017·山东青岛) 1. Her ways of solving problems are different from _________________ (我的).

(2017·山东青岛) 2. The hotel is _____________________ (在……的后面) the police station.

(2017·山东青岛) 3. People in some countries eat many ____________________ (土豆) as their main food. (2017·山东青岛) 4. The exam is very important to us, so we must take it ___________________ (严肃地). (2017·山东青岛) 5. After doing sports for a long time, Tina is ____________________ (瘦的) than before.

B. 1. mine 2. behind 3. potatoes 4. seriously 5. thinner

(10分)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

What will our world be like in 2050? We asked a group of experts to make their predictions about our future.

By 2050 we will have “clever” 1 . We won’t have so many accidents. 2 they will be able to communicate with each other. Cars will slow down by themselves or stop in 3 situations. Also, our cars will 4 on electricity water.

By 2050 our homes will be more eco-friendly (环保). We will use solor (太阳的) energy, and we will clean and 5 our water. There will be many more people in the world 6 our houses will be smaller. Many houses will be underground and we will have 7 to help clean, cook and do 8 home shopping.

We won’t die! We will put our brains onto computers and live 9 . The computers of the future won’t look like machines. They’ll look like humans.

By 2050 there will be too many people on the earth and 10 100 million people will be living on the moon and other planets. We will be able to travel to Mars and back in just three days.

题材:未来生活

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。本文主要是对2015年未来生活的一些预测。

1. cars

2. because

3. dangerous

4. run

5. recycle

6. and

7. robots

8. our

9. forever 10. over

Ⅳ. 阅读表达(共20分)

(2017·山东青岛) A

阅读下面短文,按要求完成各项任务。(共6分)

(2017·山东青岛) Everywhere in the world there are different ways of behaving. When we meet someone, everything we say and do expresses our cultural background. So if you want to get on with someone from another culture, it helps to understand something about these differences.

Even how we stand depends on our culture. English people talk to each other at an average (平均) distance of 130 cm, while Italians chat at an average distance of 80 cm. So Italians can think that English people are unfriendly because they stand too far away! And English people can think that Italians are too close.

Touching is also cultural. The French touch much more than Americans. A French couple may touch 100 times in half an hour while an American couple may only touch twice! And French teenagers touch each other much American teens.

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

翻译成汉语。(2分)

_______________________________________________________

任务二请将短文内容回答问题。(2分)

1. In which country should you arrive on time for a meal?

_______________________________________________________

2. What do French people do when they eat out?

_______________________________________________________

任务三请根据短文内容,完成下面的的句子。(2分)

According to the passage, Italians stand 1 than English people. American teens touch 2 than French teenagers.

题材:风俗文化

A【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。本文讲述的是不同国家关于不同礼仪习俗的对待态度,旨在通过阅读丰富学生的知识面。

任务一:当我们遇到其他人时,我们所说和所做的一切都表达我们的文化背景。

任务二:1. Canada.

2. When eating out, keep both hands on or above the table.

任务三:1. closer 2. less

(2017·山东青岛) B

阅读下面短文,按要求完成各项任务。(共7分)

(2017·山东青岛) A survey of young people around the world looked at their ideas of today’s teenagers. It shows how study different they are to those of their parents and grandparents. The survey wanted to try and understand the next generation (一代人) of adults better and these are some of the results. They show that there are many more (A) similarities between young people around the world than differences.

1 ____________________

Gap years (间隔年) between school and university are becoming more and more common. Today’s teenagers want to travel to different countries and experience different cultures. They regard this as an important part of their character development.

2 ____________________

For most teenagers, family and friends are the most important side of life. According to the survey, 60 percent of British young people said their relationship with their family was of the highest importance to (B) them.

3_____________________

75 percent of teenagers in Western Europe expect to have enough money to live when they are adults. They are a happy generation. Eight out of ten believe they will have a good profession with a job they enjoy. They also expect that they will be happy and healthy.

4 _____________________

Young people now are hungry for all kinds of information on mass media. 57 percent of teenagers in the UK read at least one magazine every week, which is one of the highest totals in the world.

任务一根据文章内容,把相关的信息匹配。将答案的字母代号填入对应的横线上。(每小题1分,共4分)A. Hope in the future B. Crazy for information

C. Discovering the world

D. Family and friends

1. ______________

2. _______________

3. ______________

4. _____________

任务二根据上下文,猜测文中(A)处划线单词similarities的中文意思。_____________(1分)

任务三找出(B)处划线单词them所指代的内容。_______________(1分)

任务四请从文中找出与They have strong interest in learning about all kinds of information from radio, television, Internet and so on. 意思相近的句子。(1分)

______________________________________________________________________

题材:研究调查

B【文章大意】主要讲述的是现在的学生都有一些相同点,分别列举了大家的相似之处。

任务一:C D A B

任务二:相同处,相同点

任务三:British young people

任务四:Young people now are hungry for all kinds of information on mass media.

(2017·山东青岛) C

阅读下面短文,按要求完成各项任务。(共7分)

Every year animals all around the world take part in some wonderful journeys. Here are the stories of two amazing animal travelers.

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

Humpback whales (座头鲸) prefer a slow journey. The humpbacks, which travel over 10,000 kilometers on their journey from Alaska to Hawaii, swim at a relaxing speed of about 1.6 kilometers an

hour. Although they don’t swim fast, humpback whales travel farther than any other kinds of whale.

Every August a fantastic sight can be seen in the skies above Ontario and Montreal—millions of amazing Monarch butterflies (帝王蝶) beginning their 4,000-kilometer journey from Canada to Mexico. In fact, the journey, which takes about 3 moths, is longer than the average (平均的) life of the butterfly. Finally many of the butterflies reaching their final place are the great grandchildren or even the great great grandchildren of the butterflies who began the journey in Mexico the year before.

任务一根据文章内容,完成下列句子。(5分,每空不超过3个单词)

Humpback whales swim at a speed of 1 an hour from Alaska to 2 . They travel slowly but 3 among all whales. Monarch butterflies spend 4 flying from Canada to Central Mexico. It lasts longer than their average life. The ones which arrive at the final place are 5 or even the great great grandchildren.

任务二请用英语简要概括出本文的主旨大意,不超过10个单词。(2分)

The passage is manly about ______________________________________.

题材:科普知识

C【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。介绍了座头鲸和帝王蝶的迁徙情况。

任务一:1. 1.6 kilometers 2. Hawaii 3. farthest 4. 3 month 5. the great grandchildren

任务二:two amazing animal travelers

(2017·山东青岛)Ⅴ. 书面表达(共15分)

某英语杂志社对部分中学生的周末活动做出了问卷调查(结果如图),请你写一篇英语短文参加征文活动。

2017山东省青岛市中考英语试题(Word 版,有解析)

内容包括:1. 简要描述调查结果。

2. 谈一谈中学生应该如何度过一个有意义的周末(至少两条)。

要求: 1. 词数:80~100。开头已给出,不计入总词数。

2. 文中不得出现真实的校名和人名。

We did a survey about middle school students’ weekend activities. Here are the results. _____

_______________________________________________________________________________

(略)

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