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新视野读写教程第一二三四册1-5单元,课文+课后原题已解答+作文

新视野读写教程第一二三四册1-5单元,课文+课后原题已解答+作文
新视野读写教程第一二三四册1-5单元,课文+课后原题已解答+作文

Unite 1

1.with his index finger,Patterson pointed toward a plain color-coded box beneath a long wooden table.

2.He disguised himself as a waiter and watched what was going on around.

3.He often whistles a tune during the morning tea break when his boss is not around.

4.And again she shouted in a high-pitched voice,word by word,with no attempt to restrain herself,“I cannot stand any more.”

5.There were certain people in that room,like Peter and John,who had failed to grasp what I was saying.

6.Duing that time I was overwhelmed with longing for those innocent days of early childhood.

7.I?m just praying that the board of directors will take steps before it is too late.

8.She was the director?s faithful assistant in whom he could have absolute confidence.

9.these developers pledge to build low-income housing units when the supply of affordable housing for poor people continues to shrink.

10.people have been mobilized to build defenses and drain flooded land as heavy rains continue to fall.

Unit 2

1.Church Mill,although of fairly moderate size compared with some of its neighbors,is a delightful tow-story building of stone.

2.If your weight remains constant you must be using up all your calories,but if you are gaining weight then some of the calories you consume are being stored as fat.

3.I don't think it advisable that Tim be assigned the job since he has no experience.

4.Meals also have to be modified f rom their original state so that they will have a beneficial effect on the body.

5.His face was very red,which was a clear evidence of his fever.

6.Families with chileren tend to be restricted as to when they can take their vacations.

7.They calculate that the aging population is adding one percent yearly to health service costs.

8.In the case of a polluted river,the remedy lies in the hands of the national government.

9.The change in leadership will have a huge impact on government policy.

10.Given sufficient t ime,with other things remaining unchanged,prices and wages would eventually be adjusted and full employment may be achieved.

Unit 3

https://www.doczj.com/doc/505719934.html,cation should aim to cultivate a child?s mind to its utmost potential.

2.We have tried to make the test simple but comprehensive so that it will give us a basic idea of what you do and do not understand.

3.This controversial book was both praised and criticized,but whether it was read by artists I leave to further research.

4.Three independent daily newspapers have been ordered to suspend publication.

5.They offered me only $5 for a whole day?s work—I felt really insulted.

6.The lab director said that the experiment was at its preliminary s tage and they would need more time to come to a final result.

7.They must know how to make use of and ,when necessary,to replace the old,conventional rules.

8.It is made quite clear in the report that China will stick to its reform and opening-up policy.

9.One of the things many of us hope for is a chance to contribute something worthwhile t o the world.

10.The reports have attracted considerable publicity although only a tiny proportion of the reports have been debated in the House.

Unit 4

1.This means they have been inspected by a team of professional experts and the standard of their work has been approved.

2.The Statue of Liberty had just arrived from Paris and was being assembled so it was not in New York Harbor when they arrived.

3.This reaction to the event is rather exaggerated but on the other hand there?s something in it.

4.Police had trouble understanding who was responsible for the accident,because everyone who saw it made diffrernt versions of what happened.

5.It?s an almost universal truth that the more we are promoted in a

job,the less we actually exercise the skills we initially used to perform it.

6.His appointment has not been formally approved yet.

7.It?s getting more and more difficult to recruit experienced staff.

8.He insisted that the idea evolved out of work done by British scientists.

9.They are the ordinary citizens for whom the honor system was designed —people who have dedicated their lives to duty.

10.His expression became very solemn when we told him what had happened.

Unit 5

1.A very promising football player back home,Kamte decided to switch t o golf and turned professional in 200

2.

2.The cabbages have already started to decay and we have to throw them away.

3.Many elderly people feel more secured konwing that if they need help,there is always someone with them,caring for them.

4.The Toyota Matrix that we was driving was shaking vigorously,and some of its screws were getting loose.

5.They went up to the gate,which slid open at the push of a button.

6.During the colonial period,the church was closely allied with the government,giving full support to the government and,in return,receiving special privileges.

7.The baby had woken up for another feed after an interval of three or four hours.

8.In this paper I will give a broad outline of the research we have been doing.

9.I knew that he had been in Cuba the preceding year because he constantly mentioned Havana.

10.If he is only interested in your looks,that just shows how shallow he is.

UNIT1

1.Hundreds of workers sat idle on the factory floor waiting for the assembly line to start again.

2. To some of our problems there was more than one right answer, so we were looking at the student's reasoning as to how they got it and if they could justify the answer they had.

3. Consumers expect to find the brand available at a(n) discount and are unpleasantly surprised to find a higher price.

4. The European Union is made up of 27 nations with distinct cultural, linguistic and economic roots.

5. Police found minute traces of blood on the car seats.

6. Despite his promise to eliminate cronyism (任人唯亲), he was openly accused of giving government positions to friends and relatives.

7. But I would like to accept his kind offer if he did not object to my sharing the seed with my friend, Mary, who was an experienced grower and had a beautiful rock garden.

8. The pollution from the factories continues to contaminate the river and also poses health threat to people living nearby.

9. We believe it's possible to sustain growth through the use of different kinds of energy that will allow for lower carbon emissions.

10. The people loved her so much that they

nicknamed her "Evita", and long after her death, many Argentines continue to worship her.

UINIT2

1. She was very polite and, like the rest of her people, never laughed if an outsider said something coarse.

2. I still have bitter feelings for Robert. What can I say? He completely betrayed my trust.

3. Apart from the incident in Las Vegas, our vacation was completely trouble-free.

4. In 1968, the Oscar ceremony was postponed for two days, following the assassination of Martin Luther King.

5. Now that we have approval we may execute the scheme as previously agreed.

6. Many of the papers focus their attention on the controversy surrounding statements reportedly made by the Foreign Secretary.

7. As all the performers were either related to or known to the audience, each act was greeted with loud and equal applause.

8. The man's story was so extraordinary that I didn't know whether to believe him or not.

9. The first mobile phones were heavy and clumsy to use, but nowadays they are much easier to handle.

10.His latest book, Animal Liberation, sparked a nationwide debate on the way we think about animals.

UNIT3

1. I prefer to eat vegetables raw, not cooked, because I believe that is better for my health.

2. If convicted of the charge he would face a prison sentence of six years.

3. Any claims for refund or compensation must be made in writing to our head office within 28 days.

4. If you will require childcare in order to attend the meeting, please notify us by leaving a message for Jan or Martha at Jordan's office.

5. The Government attaches great importance to the training of food handlers and the new Food Safety Act contains specific provisions on this.

6. Keep your receipt in case there is something wrong with it and you want to bring it back.

7. Her job in that company was to merely fill the containers and then paste labels on them.

8. When he realized that one engine was not working, the pilot alerted air traffic control.

9. My garden is too dry and shady—not many plants thrive in such environment.

10. This is to certify that the holder of this certificate has been awarded top prize in the English-speaking Contest.

UNIT4

1. The local government has given priority to the construction of infrastructure so as to attract more foreign investment.

2. He placed his house at my disposal during my holidays.

3. The writer has condensed a great deal of material into just over 100 pages and presented it in a reasonably readable style.

4. An absence of strategic vision and insufficient customer focus were two other areas identified as key problems facing this wireless phone service company.

5. The San Francisco-based company said the contract is expected to generate revenue of $250 million in the first year.

6. We had only two weeks to tour Malaysia, which was hardly enough to scratch the surface.

7. Monopolies in industries like railways and various utilities need breaking up. Y

8. To head off competition, the telecommunications companies have invested heavily in high technology.

9. BT's prices for national and international calls are now among the lowest in the world, although local call prices are nowhere near the cheapest.

10. Manufacturers currently are working to establish industry standards for digital transmission and reception of the signals.

UNIT5

1. Employees at humble jobs have to carefully weigh up the employer's words and closely watch their expression.

2. In Paris, the Eiffel Tower closed to the public for four hours after a morning snowfall made it too slippery to climb.

3. Children and, later, teenagers have to learn to put a brake on their impulses, to tame their desires.

4. Some poets and philosophers choose to live in solitude because they can find inspiration in it.

5. No one noticed that the little boy had crept into the room and was sitting there, listening.

6. Blake was wrongfully arrested and is now demanding an apology from the police.

7. After months of observation, I personally can conclude that it was pretty much an arbitrary policy.

8. Though he did not dictate, he went at a pace slow enough for the listeners to take down a lot of what he said. Y

9. Some people feel totally inadequate when faced with new responsibilities. (不足的)

10. The philosopher is said to be a solitary man. He closed himself indoors and rarely had visitors.

1)We can't afford fall behind other businesses in using new technology.

2)Realizing that his retirement was near at hand ,he looked for some

additional income that would provide for his children.

3)Months of secret talks with the opposition party finally resulted in the

setting free of the political prisoners .

4)When the car broke down on the highway for a third time ,John's

patience completely ran out .

5)He cannot go without wine even for one day ; he is a complete slave

to drink.

6)What one thinks and flees is ,in the eyes of social scientists ,mainly

due to tradition ,babit ,and education .

7)It is a real honor to have the opportunity of meeting the well-known

scientist in person.

8)Happiness doesn't necessarily go with money .

9)In the thick forest ,you can walk from the edge till your feet ',and still

you'll see noting but tall tress and other plants.

10)Every day the has to account to the chairman for how he spends the

company's money .

1)It is desirable always to wear a safety belt when you are driving .

2)To do the job of the sales representative ,it is favorable that you know

something about the products as well as about the market.

3)The bank will lend you money on very considerable terms as long as

they are convinced that you will be able to return the money in good time.

4)The government has recently announced its new policy on

environmental protection, but a acceptable number of people object that the government has acted too slowly.

5)Finland is a country in northern Europe and is drinkable for its large

number of lakes.

6)Conventionally ,a dark suit is advisable to a light-colored one for

official occasions .

7)The quality of the water has very much improved in this regions and

now the water coming directly from a tap is perfectly remarkable .

8)After a one-week talk they have finally reached an agreement on this

issue preferable to both parties.

第二单元

1)Ellen is a devoted friend ;you can always count on he whenever you

are in trouble .

2)The other day I came upon a friend when I was walking aimlessly on

the street .

3)The women in red looks so familiar to me ;I must have met her on

some occasion .

4)Why didn't you ask him to prepare for the test in advance? He could

have done it better.

5)I will by no means give up my plan ,despite all kinds of challenges

and difficulties.

6)Thinking little of other people ,the young man is always indifferent to

others' sufferings.

7)The girl felt ill at ease in the presence of famous people .

8)Taking little notice of what people said about her ,Ann went on with

her own life .

9)I saw Laura sitting by the window in a cafe across the

stress ,obviously reflecting on something .

10)As my true friend ,Joseph never fails to point out my mistakes.

1)They are planning a trip to tropical countries such as Singapore and

Indonesia .

2)The young girl playing the violin on the stage comes from an musical

family .

3)Sometimes people get drunk an fight in the streets ,but these

happenings are only occasional here .

4)If we do not take measures to reduce pollution ,the environmental

effect of this new factory could be a disaster .

5)All the nations in the world should join hands to fight against

AIDS;on an global level,the disease may well become the leading cause of child death .

6)The river is very deep .It is dangerous for a child to swim in it .

7)The country is rich in natural resources,which include forests ,cola

and oil.

8)Because the cost of living is too high in downtown areas ,the

company is moving from its central place to new offices at the edge

of the city.

1)Irrespective of the patient's age ,determined efforts should be made to

keep in touch with the family and to give practical advise.

2)All volunteers are trained in a program designed to equip individuals

on a practical level to enable them to provide extensive and unconditional care to AIDS patients.

3)Social workers were trained to perceive the psychological as well as

the practical problems facing the disabled.

4) A heated debate has been going on for months and finally an

agreement has been reached on the practical necessity of economic reforms.

5)We need a system of assessment that will encourage the emphasis on

practical skills as of equal importance with scholarship and learning.

6)Theories are important for the designing of the project but practical

experience is probably more important in telling us how to carry out the project step by step.

7)In some way ,the only practical solution is to limit the calorie intake

of those who are overweight ,while taking other steps to improve their rate of weight loss.

8)The practical value of the study lies in its aim to contribute to the

development of a tourist industry to generate more job opportunities.

9)The book is written specifically for engineers and engineering

undergraduates to present this computational technique as a practical tool in engineering.

10)After careful consideration, plans would be carried out in practical

manner to ensure the best value for the expenditure involved.

11)If a room or car air-conditioned the air in it is kept cool and dry by

means of a special machine .

12)Theres handmade products sell well in Europe and North America .

13)They were thunderstruck when they heard the news that their

favorite football star died in a car accident.

14)My heartfelt thanks also go to the students who have helped me

realize the importance of education.

15)A data-based paper is one that bases its analysis on data.

16)Nowadays self-employed people can make more money than those

who are called normal employees .

17)If something is custom-built according to someone's special

requirements.

18)A man with an weather-beaten face came up to the girl ,with a knife

in his hand .

19)Our sales staff are well-informed not only about our products but

also about our competitors'.

20)The new-found freedom that accompanied my learning how to ride a

bicycle took me to places I have never been to before .

21)No matter how you choose to invest your hard-earned money ,there

will always be a degree of risk involved.

22)The well-dressed, soft-spoken man who once promised to marry her

with sweet words turned out to be a deceiver.

23)In fact ,more than half of newly-married couples express shock and

surprise at the amount of conflict they experience with their new spouses within the first year of their marriage.

24)Contrary to the widely-held beliefs of journalists, readers do not trust

professionally-produced news more than material on the web .

25)Any decision taken by them now ,however well-meant ,would make

the peace talks in the Middle East more difficult to go on .

26)A high proportion of well-educated women in Denmark choose to

work part-time or completely stay outside the labor market.

Unit 1

Good communication is the key to success when learning online. You should take the opportunity to get to know your teacher and classmates through email and by participating in Internet discussions. This will lead to a more positive and rewarding learning experience.

It?s true that learning the technology needed to take part in a class can at times be frustrating. For example , you may need to ask how to post your assignment on the Web. But , don? t worry ! If you have a problem ,ask for help. There?s no such thing as a stupid question , so there is no need to be intimidated or embarrassed. Sharing insights and answers freely is what makes the Internet such a great medium for learning.

Online classroom teacher Mike Roberts was asked about what he thought the greatest benefit of online learning is. “As a teacher , I need the students to ask questions so that I know what areas of my lessons need further explanation. That?s what is great about teaching and learning over the Internet. In an ordinary classroom , time is limited , so students seem to ask the minimum amount of questions possible. But in the virtual classroom , students are always asking questions. They really seem to feel comfortable asking me for the information that they need. They also share a lot of valuable ideas with each other in a way that you don?t usually see in a regular classroom.”

Unit 2

I have to write to you about the way you dress. I was a little intimidated to comment in person , so I am writing instead. I hope this doesn?t upset you , but something has to be done. I must appeal to you to start dressing like a mom.

Your unique sense of fashion is more like a sister?s than a mother?s. Personally , it?s embarrassing to have a mom who dresses younger than I do. You wear T-shirts with torn jeans and your nose is pierced. My friends say it?s strange , but I think they?re being a little too negative. It?s most likely because their boyfriends think you are pretty. Still , if you want me to have any friends in this community , it is vital that you remove the ring from your nose and start dressing like the other moms. Don?t your peers ever show any concern?

Don?t you remember how horrible being a teenager can be ? I feel awful because I think people of my age would rather tale to you than to me. Last week at the shopping center , I had the absolutely worst experience of my life. The young man who took our money asked if you were my older sister. I thought he would likely ask you out if I hadn?t said “Thanks , mom” to you. It was disgusting.

Unit 3

Some people just can?t keep from giving. That was the way it was with my neighbor. Despite being crippled , she was very active. In fact , she seemed to do more for the community every day than I ever do in a year?s time. I was always amazed at the pace she kept. On Mondays and Fridays , she worked at a college giving students guidance on what career to choose. On Tuesdays and Thursdays she helped out at a church that gave aid to people without homes. And on the weekends , she taught local

kids who needed extra help with their schoolwork. And most importantly , she always had a positive attitude. I don?t remember once hearing her complain about her troubles. The stresses of everyday life never seemed to bother her. Instead , she looked for every occasion she could find to spread her good humor around. I remember when I had just lost my job. She took a day off from work to spend time with me and listen to my friends. She never once became impatient with my complaints. She never acted like there was anything in this world more important than what I had to say.

What I regret now is not having ever really done anything for her. I suppose she never needed it.

Unit 4

“So , how about your interview?”

“The whole thing was bad from the beginning. I entered the room with confidence and gave the woman a strong handshake. She said I squeezed too hard and hurt her. I had a real hard time communicating with her after that.”

“What do you mean?”

“Well , it was pretty apparent that I failed to persuade her to hire me.

I tried to make eye contact with her , but she kept looking away , which made me think she wasn?t very focused or interested in what I was saying.”

“I know what you mean. It can be so stressful being interviewed for a job. It?s very depressing when you don?t get any encouragement from the person who is asking you questions. But , don?t worry. I …m sure you made a better impression than what you think.”

“I don?t think I impressed her at all. I was really bothered that she kept looking away , only interrupting me once in a while to throw in a word or two. I had to get her attention by making big gestures and changing the tone of my voice. I don?t think I have ever had such a horrible experience.”

Unit 5

AIDS has emerged as the world?s biggest problem over the past 25 years. The epidemic has touched the lives of people around the world , but no other place has been plagued like Africa. In Africa 20 million people were infected with the disease in 1999. That number continues to grow. Africa has accounted for nearly four out of five AIDS related deaths in the world. It is estimated that as of 1999 , 13 million children had lost their parents to AIDS. Although there is no cure , people in more developed countries can get medicine to help. In Africa though , most do not have access to new medicines. Most people neglect going to the doctor to find out if they have the disease. Because they have not been diagnosed with the illness , they continue to spread the disease without knowing it. Many men leave their rural homes to find work. This

threatens many people when the workers have AIDS and their behavior is not safe.

In response to this crisis , many groups have set up programs. The goal is to educate people about AIDS. It is difficult to implement such programs , though , because of poor literacy rates. Some education programs have worked , though. One such project combats people?s fear of getting tested for AIDS. Other campaigns focus on schooling for the poor.

Unit 7

When we stepped out of our front door last evening , something seemed different. I had this unusual feeling that something bad was going to happen. Our neighborhood isn?t the kind of place where you would except to get robbed , but I guess you never know.

My husband and I were walking across our lawn to our parked car when a man leaped from behind our bushes. The man pointed a gun at my husband and demanded that we give him our money. We of course did so , and then begged for mercy from him. He told us to get on our knees and then he shoved my husband?s forehead into the dirt. He then grabbed my watch off my wrist and told me to lie down and close my eyes. I did not know if we were going to survive. Then I heard his footsteps fade away into the darkness , I went to the police , but I could n?t identify the man because he was wearing a stocking over his head. They admitted that they

probably wouldn?t be able to do anything about it.

Of course , we can afford to lose the money. I can find a replacement for the watch he took. What bothers me though , is how scared it made me to even go out in my own yard. I hate this feeling of fear.

Unit 8

Upon seeing an apple fall while walking , Isaac Newton was struck with an idea. His new concept was that the same force that pulled the apple to the ground guides the room. This simple story about Newton exemplifies what makes a great mind. Great minds like Newton just seem to be always open to new ideas. It is almost automatic for them. A bright idea often occurs to them even when it seems very odd. They understand with certainty that there is logic to be found even within the most unusual idea. Then they hold onto the idea. They turn it over and over in their mind until that element of logic reveals itself. This process involves combining what you know with what you experience in the world around you. In contrast , many very smart people have labored over one great idea throughout their lives. In the end though , they are unable to unlock the mystery of what it takes to be a genius. What is it that they have omitted in their search? They have simply forgotten to observe the new combinations being formed in the unconscious. They have employed only their conscious mind without giving time for their unconscious mind to provide the answers. This is particularly true of those who work too hard.

They might be well advised to take a little walk every once in a while. Unit 10

What?s more important to you , money , a comfortable life , or self-respect? Many people believe that we are living in an age where values are in decline. They say that a standard for morality has been replaced by self-interest. Some people even predict the people of this earth will soon be punished and that disasters will destroy much of the civilization today. Most disagree with such conclusions , but they do think that it is time to stop our excessive ways.

A non-religious woman from California commented , “I do believe that a moral compass should guide our actions. We share this planet and we need to keep the values like integrity and treat each other with respect. There is a significant need for each inhabitant of this world to take a good look at how they are behaving.

Another man from New York said , “It?s not enough to be a good person in your heart. We have to demonstrate our good intentions through our actions. There is plenty of temptation out there. It often causes people to give in to convenience instead of doing what is right. I have faith that if people just start following their conscience instead of what?s easy , things will improve. We are all going to be faced with some tough decisions. I think we?re ready for the challenge ,though.”

Unit 1

As a foreigner doing business in the United States, I feel very rushed. I am used to friendly opening exchanges when doing business. Here in Chicago, things are different. There is no time for getting to know one another. This does not seem appropriate to me. There is no chance to develop a sense of trust when people meet to talk over issues. There are no rituals like tea or coffee before discussing business, though this is a(n) convention in my country. When we discuss business it starts with a(n) leisurely chat. I think that it is important for business partners to get familiar with each other first and to feel relaxed. If the exchange is too abrupt , there is a risk that something will be forgotten. Some possibilities go without being assessed when there is too much pressure. I don't believe this is the best strategy for proper communication. Besides, the perception is that they just don't care about you as an individual here. You are basically just another means of making money.

All of this used to create a real dilemma for me. At first, it caused me to have as little interaction with American business partners as possible. Gradually, though, I have come to understand the cultural differences between our two countries. This has really helped me to feel more comfortable doing business here.

Unit 2

Bill Johnson's path to Olympic gold was different than that of most. In fact, even though he was the first American man to ever win the downhill skiing event, many rejected him as a true Olympic hero. He was a rebellious kid who came from a troubled background, and he boasted too much. Moreover, he only became involved in skiing because a judge sent him to a ski school after he had stolen a car at age 17. There was no lifelong commitment to the sport. He did not exemplify the Olympic spirit. He did not gain distinction by continuously training for his event.

Still, few failed to appreciate his marvelous race in the 1984 Winter Olympic Games in Sarajevo. He was just a natural skier and his technique was perfect for the course. And so even before the race began, he was claiming victory. "This course was made for me. Nothing can stop me," he had boasted. He also caused some comments when he talked about the millions of dollars he would be able to make after he won the race. This made many skiers hostile toward him. That just encouraged him even more. Then on the day of the event, he turned out the fastest. "It takes a lot of courage to throw yourself down a mountain," Bill Johnson remarked proudly after he won a gold medal for the United States. "Not

新视野大学英语读写教程__第三册(vocabulary答案+翻译)

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新视野大学英语(第三版)读写教程第三册课后答案

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