当前位置:文档之家› 初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2

初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2

初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2
初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2



(一). 基数词.


1)1---12 : one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve

2)13---19: 词尾加-teen :thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen

3)20,30,40,50,60,70,80,90 : 逢十词尾加-ty :twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety

4)21----99: 在十位与个位之间加连字符构成.

5)101---999 :先说几百, 再加and ,再加末尾两位数或个位数.

101---one hundred and one 238----two hundred and thirty-eight

(二). 序数词


一二三,特殊记,结尾字母t,d,d; (first second third )八减t(eighth),九减e(ninth),f来把v e替(twelfth);ty变y为i e,然后再加th(twentieth);如果遇到遇到几十几,只变个位就可以(twenty-one---- twenty first)。

(三). 数词的应用.


2. hundred / thousand /million /billion

1).若hundred / thousand /million /billion 前有基数词时,其后不加s,也不加of .若没有时,既加s 也要带of .

Every year _______ visitors come to China.

There are two _______ students in our school.

A. thousand


C.thousands of

D.thousand of

2).日月年(the +序数词+of +月, 年)

2007年3月21日---the twenty-first of March ,two thousand and seven.

情态动词:1、任何主语+can/may/must等+动词原形2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t等+动词原形

3、Can/May/Must等+ 主语+ 动词原形?


练习:you swim?Y es,but I’m not a good swimmer. A.Can B.May C.Need D.Must

Tom,you play computer games too much. It’s bad for your eyes.A.mustn’tB.didn’tC.needn’t D.wouldn’t


1. like+ to do不定式/doing动名词

2.want to do sth.

3. love to do

4. would like to do sth.

5. enjoy doing sth.

6. thanks for doing

7. stop doing sth

8. let sb. do sth.

She wants _____(have) a party. Does he like _______(swim)?

Thanks for _______(enjoy) CCTV show. She never stops ____(talk).


Go straight and turn left/ right. 否定→Don’t go straight and turn left/ right.

Go through Fifth A venue. 否定→Don’t go through Fifth A venue.

Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)否定→Don’t Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)

No parking. 禁止停车。例_____ in the street. It’s dangerous.A. Not play B. Not to playC. Don’t play D. Don’t to play



○1what + a / an + 形容词+ 名词+ 主谓What a clever boy he is! 他是多么聪明的孩子啊

What an interesting book you have!你的书多么有趣啊!

○2what + 形容词+ 名词复数:What clever boys you are! 你们是多么聪明的孩子啊!

○3what + 形容词+ 不可数名词:What difficult work it is! 那是多么困难的工作啊!

④How + 形容词/副词+主语+谓语!How nice she is! How fast he runs!

练习:1. It is quite a nice present.→_____ _____ nice present(it is)! →_____ nice the present is!

2. We have fine weather today.→ _____ _____ weather we have today!

3. The children are working hard.→_____ _____ the children are working!

4. She played basketball wonderfully.→_____ _____ she played basketball!

There be(b e单复数由be后名词决定)句型表示某地有,have/has,主要表示某人有


1)There is a bank on the street. 2) There are some cars in front of the park.

否定句:There _______a bank on the street. 否定句:There ______ _______cars in front of the bank. 一般疑问句:_______ ______ a bank on the street? 一般疑问句:____ ______ ______cars in front of the bank? 就划线部分提问:________ on the street? 就划线部分提问:_____ _____ in front of the bank? There’s a bank on the street. There are some cars in front of the bank.

同上:____ ______ ______are there on the street? 同上:____ ____ ____ are there in front of the bank There’s only one. There’re some.

3)He two sons. 他有两个儿子。There two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

4)There _____ a basketball match tomorrow. A.is going to have B.are going to have


人称代词讲解:我你他她它我们你们他/她/它们主格:I you he she it we you they

宾格:me you him her it us you them


my your his her its our your their

名词性物主代词:mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs

练习:1.________(我) am a worker. _________(你) are a doctor. ______(她) is a teacher.

2.This is (他的)shirt.

3. This is __________(我的)pen.

4._________(他们的) trousers are there.

5. I like this picture. Please give ________(它) to ________(我).

6. People get ________(他们的) money from _________(我).

7._____(他们) are new students. _____(他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.

8. These are _____(我们的) shoes. Can ____(我们) wear ______(它们).

9.Thank _______ for _______(你的) help.

10. _______(他) loves _______(她), and _______(她) loves _______(他),too.

_______(我) love _________(你), and ________(你) love _______(我),too.


1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________.

2. China is a developing country. _________ lies in the east of Asia.

3. Professor Wang sets ________ a good example. We must learn from ________.

4. What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday.

5. How far is the thunder ? — __________ is three kilometers away.

6. I own a blue bike. The red one doesn’t belong to __________.

7. These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.

8. __________ say that those old houses will be rebuilt.

9. Is __________ the milkman at the door? — Yes, that’s __________.

10. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________?

11. Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. Her brother lives with ____ and helps ____ to prepare the lessons.

12. The ship is lying at anchor (停泊) . ____ comes from Shanghai

13. This photo of your mother is very much like her. I like ____.

14. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at physics .

15. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ?

16. What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy.


1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday. Can I have one of ____ ?

2. Tell Tom not to forget ____ book. And you mustn’t forget ____ .

3. George has lost ____ pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ .

4.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ dog and ____ had a fight (打架).

5. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____

6. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us.

7. Mary wants to know if(是否)you’ve seen a pair of gloves of ____ .

8. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____


A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空

1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away.

2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like _________(she,her,hers).

3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can’t get my kite. Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)?

4. Tom can’t get down from the tree. Can you help _________(he,him,his)?

5. Her kite is broken. Can _________(you,your,yours) mend it?

6. We can’t find our bikes. Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)?

7. These are _________(he,him,his) planes. The white ones are _________(I,me,mine).


1. Mary works in a book store. likes work very much.

2. John and I are in the same school. go to school together.

3. Everybody likes that sport, do ?

4. She is a friend of . We got to know each other two years ago.

5. Her sister makes all own dresses.

6. I have many friends. Some of are good at English.

7. May I use bike? is broken.

8. Everybody is here except Ann and ________ friend Jane. ________ are in the library now.



1.a用于辅音音素(不是辅音字母)前;an用于元音音素(不是元音字母)前。如,An hour ago, an honest man accepted

an honorable task In a university, a European and a one-eyed man walk along a one-way road with a usual tool. This is a usual thing.

2.定冠词the的用法: 定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有―那(这)个‖的意思,但较弱,可以和一个名词连用,来表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。(上文提到过的人或事;指世界上独一无二的事物;用在序数词和形容词最高级,形容词等前面;乐器的名词前;用在惯用语中;姓氏的复数名词之前表示一家人专有名词前等等)例如the sun,the rich 富人,on the second floor,the United States 美国play the piano,the Greens 格林一家人(或格林夫妇)in the day,在白天

3.通常我们在三类名词前不带冠词:复数可数名词、不可数名词和专有名词。但是,用来指特定的事物时,the可以出现在复数名词和不可数名词前面。Girls like shopping when they are free. 女孩总是喜欢在空闲的时候购物

Rice is very important to our country. China is a big country.

1. He has already worked for ______ hour. A. the B. an C. a D. 不填

2. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano. A. the B. an C. a D. 不填

Choose the best answer (选择最佳答案):

1. There is _______ house in the picture. There is ________old woman near_________house.

A. an; a; the

B. a; an ; the

C. the ; a; an

D. a; the; an

2. He has already worked for ______ hour.

A. the

B. an

C. a

D. 不填

3. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano.

A. the

B. an

C. a

D. 不填

4. Beyond ____ stars, the astronaut saw nothing but _____space.

A. 不填;the

B. the ; the

C. 不填,不填

D. the; 不填

5. ______ terrible weather we`ve been having these days!

A. How a

B. What a

C. How

D. What

6.------ Where is Jack? ------ I think he is still in ______ bed, but he might just be in ______bathroom. A. 不填;

不填 B. the; the C. the;不填 D. 不填; the

7.When do you have _____breakfast every day? A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

8. Many people are still in _____ habit of writing silly things in ______public places.

A. the ; 不填

B. 不填; the

C. the ; the

D. 不填; 不填


一、早、下午、晚要用in 例in the morning/ afternoon/ evening /day 在早上/下午/白天

二、at黎明、午、夜、点与分,例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候at noon 在中午at night 在夜间at midnight 在午夜at six o’clock 在6点钟

三、年、月、年月、季节、周,即在"某年","某月",在"某年某月" (具体日则用on),在四季,在第几周等都要用in。in 1986 在1986年in April 在四月in December 1986 1986年12月in spring 在春季in summer 在夏季on May 1st

练习:1.We begin classes _______ about 8:00.2. We all like working ______ China. 3.What do you like doing________the evening?4.Our school has an Art Festival ________ December 31st every year. 5.What can you see ________the picture?. 6.The speech contest is _____ January.



At:1.We begin classes _______ about 8:00. 2. We all like working ______ China.

3. Her mother usually gets up _____ six thirty.

4.The store has shirts________ a great price.

5.Look _______ the picture.

6.Please call Jim ______ 9876543.

After:7. The student often showers ________ dinner. 8.The girl likes running _____class.

9._______ that, the old man begins to run. 10.He likes to play soccer ______ school.

before,to: 11. The kid usually does his homework ________ going ________ bed.

For:12.Thanks ________ your letter.13. ______ kids, the movie is too scary.

14. We have vegetables and fruit _____ lunch. 15.They sell the sweaters ____ $40 each.

16. She plays the piano ________ an hour every day. 17.The kid buys a cake _____ his uncle.

About:18.Can you tell me ________ your day?

About,from:19.Don’t you think we can learn much ____ Chinese history ____ the documentaries?

At,from,to:20.We are ________ school ________ Monday ________ Friday.

In,with,in:21.Fill ________the blanks ________ the words ________ the box.

With:22.Can you help me ________ my math?

23.Her cousin likes to play ________ his dog best.

24.Their daughter often goes to see Beijing Opera ________ her grandpa.

On:25.The old woman usually watches comedies ________ TV.

26.Our school has an Art Festival ________ December 31st every year.

27.We don’t have any classes ________ weekends.

28.Do you get up early ________ Wednesday?

29.Tom’s computer game’s ________ the floor. 30.Are your clothes ________ the dresser?

31.A birthday cake’s ________ the table. 32.Some socks are ________ sale.

In:33. What’s ________ your backpack?

34.What do you like doing ________ the evening?35.Can you say it ________ French?

36.The American _______ white is his friend.

37.Y ou can be ________ our club if you can play the piano,the trumpet,the guitar or the drums.

38.Our history teacher isn’t ________ the classroom. 39.They like to work ________ China.

40. What can you see ________the picture?. 41.The speech contest is _____ January.

Under: 42.Oh,my pencil’s ________ your chair.So I can’t find it.

To:43.When does he get ________ school?

44.Her aunt goes _______ work early every Thursday. https://www.doczj.com/doc/438222800.html,e ________ our English party!

46.They say ―Hello‖ ______ the American teacher every morning.

47.Please take the case ________ their parents. 48.Please write _______ her soon.

49. What time does your brother go _______ school?

To,in:50.The students listen ________ the teacher ________ class.

To,at:51.The early bus usually takes Scott ________ work ________ eight thirty.

Of:52.Those are the parents _____ my cousin. 53.That’s a photo _____ Dick’s family.

54.What kind ______ movies do you like best?

55.They eat lots ________ healthy food every day.


一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时:1、、、、定义:A)表示现阶段经常发生的、反复的发生的、习惯性的动作或存在的状态。如:He usually goes to school at 7:oo o’clock. The students often get up at 6:30 in the morning. B)表示主语具有的特征、性格、能力和客观真理。如:I’m 14 years old . Mike likes swimming. 2、时间词: often usually always sometimes every day/night/week on Sunday on weekends

3、、、、结构:A)当句子表状态说明主语是什么或怎么样时,其句型:主+BE动词(am, is, are)+表语,否定式是在BE动词后加not,一般疑问句是将BE动词提前到句首(即在主语之前) e.g. He is her father . He is not her father . Is he her father? Yes,he is . No ,he is not. B) 当谓语由实义动词充当,主语不是第三人称单数时,句子结构为:主语+动词原形+其它否定式为:主语+don't+动词原形+其它疑问句为:Do+主语+动词原形+其它?

e.g. We speak Chinese. We don't speak Chinese. Do you speak Chinese? Yes,we do. No, we don’t. 当主语是第三人称单数时:句子结构为主语+动词(词尾加s或es)+其它。否定式为:主语+doesn't+动词原形+其它。疑问句式:Does+主语+动词原形+其它?He likes pandas. He doesn’t like pandas. Does he like pandas? Yes,he does. No, he doesn’t. 4、、、、动词三单形式的构成: 动词加s的方法与名词变复数的方法基本一样(1)在原形动词结尾直接加s:works , runs , likes.plays (2)以s , x , ch , sh , o 结尾的动词,加es:teaches , goes , washes does watches discusses (3)以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,把y变i再加es:studies , , carries . cries.


1. He often (have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy (be) members of the Reading Club.

3. She and I (take)a walk together every evening.

4. There (be) some water in the bottle.

5. We (not watch) TV on weekdays.

6. Nick (not do) his homework on Sundays.

7. they (like) the World Cup?

8. What they usually (do) on holidays?

9. your parents (read) newspapers every day?

10. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.


1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

Daniel TV every evening.

2. I do my homework every day .(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

——you homework every day?

——No,I .

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

——she milk?

——Yes.,she .

4. Simon is from Beijing.(同义句改写)

Simon Beijing.

5. Millie is clever at Maths.(同义句改写)

Millie Maths .


1. Is you brother speak English?

A B C ( )

2. Does he looks like his father?

A B C ( )

3. He likes play games after class.

A B C ( )

4. Mr Wu teachs us English.

A B C ( )

5….She doesn’t her homework on Sundays.

A B C ( )




_ Sandy badminton after school?

No.She hard.She always books after school.


He in No .3 Middle School. He to school at 7a.m.every day .


My father me to school in the morning.

4. 我女儿喜欢看电视和听音乐..

My daughter TV and to music.

5. 西蒙朋友的姐姐长大后想当一位歌手.

Simon’s friend’s sister to a singer when she up.



1、标志: now(现在)listen(看)look(听)at the moment(此刻)


现在分词的构成:1.-ing: eat-eating,sing-singing 2.辅音字母+e: take-taking

3. sit, put, begin, run, swim, stop, get, shop,get(双写最后一个辅音字母,再加ing.)4、特殊变化:lie-lying,die-dying

练习:1. Jim __________________(take) photos in the park now. 2. Jim_________(not take) in the park now. 3.

_______________Jim____________(take) photos in the park now? Y es, he _____. No, he _______.

4. Where _________Jim ____________ photos now? In the park.


We __________________________. We __________________ at six every day.


_______ they _______? Y es, they _____. ______ they often ______ ? No, they ________.



What ____he ___? He_______. What ___he usually ___ in the evening? He usually______.

答案: 1.are having dinner 2. get up 3. Are , talking , are 4. Do , talk, don’t

5. is doing, is doing homework

6. does, do, does , homework

综合练习:1.Mr Green _____(be) a worker. Now he ____(work) in the field. 2.Listen! Who_______(sing)?

3.What time ____ your brother usually _____(do) his homework?

4.Y ou can_______(come) here by bus.

5. Who ____(have) a ruler?

6.Are they_____(clean) the room?

7.-____ you____(eat) dinner? – Y es, we are.

8.Jack ____(have) a soccer ball, but he ____(not have) a basketball. 9._______Jim _______(like)______(run)?

10.They _____(be) from Canada. They______(not speak) Chinese. 11. He wants _________________(be) tall.

一. 将下列各词变成相应的现在分词形式read have clean wacth get begin make

swim wash play write sing dance ride eat give visit see put sit cook


( )1. Look. Lucy is_____ a new bike today.

A. jumping

B. running

C. riding D takeing

( )2. The children _____ football.

A. is playing

B. are playing

C. play the

D. play a

( )3. They ______TV in the evening. They do their homework.

A. are watching

B. can’t watching

C. don’t watch

D. don’t watching

( )4. Listen! She____ in the classroom.

A. is singing

B. sing C .to sing D. is sing

( )5. Look! The children_______ basketball on the playground.

A. plays

B. played

C. is playing

D. are playing

( )6. Who _____ over there now?

A. singing

B. are sing

C. is singing

D. sing

( )7. It’s eight o’clock. The students _____ an English class.

A. have

B. having

C. is having

D. are having

( )8. Listen! The baby _____ in the next room.

A. crying

B. cried

C. is crying

D. cries

( )9. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters.

A. are wearing

B. wearing

C. are wear

D. is wearing

( )10. Don’t talk here. Grandparen ts _____.

A. is sleeping

B. are sleeping

C. sleeping

D. Sleep

( )11. We _____ music and often _____ to music.

A. like/ listen

B. likes/ listens

C. like/ are listening

( )12.Look!The twins_____their mother do the housework.

Aare wanting B help Care helping Dare looking

( )13._____are the birds doing? They are singing in a tree.

AWho BWhat CHow DWhere

( )14Jane ___ swimming every Sunday. But she ___ computer games now.

A goes; plays

B is going; is playong

C goes; is playing

( )15--Look! Maria ___ now.

--Well,she usually ___ after class.

A is singing; sings

B is singing; is singsing

C sings; is singing


1. The boy is playing basketball.




对― playing basketball‖提问:__________________________

对―The boy‖提问:_________________________

2. They are singing in the classroom.





对―in the classroom‖提问:__________________________

3. The birds are singing in the tree.(就划线部分提问)

4. The children are playing games near the house.(就划线部分提问)

5. She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)

6.The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)


1. My parents _______(watch)TV now.

2. Look. Three boys _______(run).

3. What _______ your mother _______(do)now?

4. _______ your dog _______ now?(sleep)

5. _______ you _______(listen)to music? Yes, I am.

6. Listen, someone _______(sing)in the classroom.

7. ——Where is Zhang Yan?

——She _______(talk)with her teacher in the teacher’s office.

8.Her parents can _______. They are ___________now. (swim)

9.Listen! Joan is ______(sing) in the classroom. She often _______ (sing) there.

10. Where _____ you ______ (have) lunch every day?



1、标志: yesterday(昨天)、two days ago…(两天前…… )、last year…(去年…)、the other day(前几天)、once upon a time(很久以前)、just now(刚才)、in the old days(过去的日子里)、before liberation(解放前…)、When I was 8 years old(当我八岁时…)、at+一个时间点


3、规则变化:(1)一般情况+ed ,如pulled visit ed(2)以不发音e字母结尾的单词+d,如liked, dance d(3)以辅音字母+y结尾去y变i+ed,worried,studied(4)重读闭音节结尾的单词,末尾只有一个辅音字母双写词尾字母+ed,stopped,shopped



He a student.他曾是一名学生。否定句He a student.一般疑问句he a student?

肯定回答, .否定回答, .

They had a meeting last night.他们昨晚开了一个会。

否定句They a meeting last night. 一般疑问句they a meeting last night?

肯定回答, .否定回答, .

提问: they last night?










9.want 10.are 11.go 12.have 13.do 14.get https://www.doczj.com/doc/438222800.html,e 16.say 17.see 18.put 19.eat

20.take 21.read 22.catch 23.listen 24.arrive 25.plan


1. The children had a good time in the park. (改为反意疑问句)

The children had a good time in the park, ___________ ___________ ?

2. There were about nine hundred people at the concert. ( 音乐会)

否定句:_______ __________about nine hundred people at the concert.

一般疑问句:________ __________ about nine hundred people at the concert?

对划线部分提问:______ ________ people_______ there at the concert?

3. There was only one problem.

否定句:______ _________ only one problem

一般疑问句:______ ______ only one problem?

4. Ann did her homework yesterday evening.

否定句:Ann ________ _______ her homework yesterday evening.

一般疑问句:______ Ann _______ her homework yesterday evening?

对划线部分提问:_______ _________ Ann do yesterday evening?

5. Last week I read an English book. (改为否定句)

Last week I _______ _________ an English book.

6. My brother was in the park just now.

否定句:My brother ______ in the park just now.

一般疑问句:______ _______ brother in the park just now?

对划线部分提问:_______ ________ your brother just now?

7. She had some bread( 面包) for lunch today.

否定句:She______ _______ ______ bread for lunch today.

一般疑问句:_______ she _______ any bread for lunch today?

对划线部分提问:_____ _____ she _______ for lunch today?

8. They read English last night. (改为否定句)They ______ _______ English last night.


1.Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month.

2.Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night. So I _______ (get ) up late.

3.Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning.

4.There _________ (be) no one here a moment ago.

5.I ___________ (call) Mike this morning.

6.I listened but ___________ (hear) nothing.

7.Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year.

8.Last week we _________ (pick) many apples on the farm.

9.My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday.

10.She watches TV every evening. But she _______________ (not watch) TV last night.

11.________ your father ________ ( go ) to work every day last year?

12.-What time _____ you _____ (get) to Beijing yesterday?- We _____ (get) to Beijing at 9:00 in the evening.

13. What __________ (make) him cry (哭) just now?

14. Last year the teacher ___________ (tell) us that the earth moves around the sun.

15. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be)

16. There __________ not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)

17. There _____________ any hospitals (医院) in my hometown (家乡) in 1940. ( be not)

18. There ____________ en ough milk at home last week, wasn’t there?

19. Eli ____________ to Japan last week. ( move)

20. –When _______ you _________ (come) to china? - Last year.

21. Did she ________ (have) supper at home?

22. Jack ____________ (not clean) the room just now.

23. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?

24. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?

25. It ________ (be) hot yesterday and most children _______ (be) outside.

26. There _____ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I ______ (have) no time to watch it.

27.. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

28. ______ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she ________.

29. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? He ______(watch) TV and _____(read) an interesting book.

30. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

31. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

32. When ______ you _______(write) this song? I _______(write) it last year.

33. My friend, Carol, ___________(study) for the math test and __________ (practice) English last night.

34. _____ Mr. Li _______(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _______.

35. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

36. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

37.、____you________(remember) to buy the oranges?

38.、Who_______(invent) the computer?

39.、We___(go) to the cinema last night. The film___(be) very good.

40、What time _____you___(get) to school this morning ?

41、Jim_____(do) a lot yesterday. He____(go) shopping and ___(cook) supper .


am,is are begin bring draw drink feel find buy can come do/does give eat get go have/has know let lose make meet pay put read run say see sell sing sit sleep speak spend swim take teach tell think wear will write

have/has与there be句型

1.I ____ (have) a cat.

2.He ____ (have) a dog.

3.She ____ (have) long hair.

4.We ____ (have) a big house.

5.They ____ (have) a happy family.

6.It ____ (have) a short tail.

7.Y ou ____ (have) a good teacher.

8.Elva ____ (have) two big eyes.

9.Tom ____ (have) a red pen. 10.My mother ____ (have) a beautiful nose.

11.Cats ____ (have) four legs. 12.Dogs ____ (have) two ears.

1. There isn’t _____water in the glass. Let’s go and get some.A. many B. lots C. any D. some

2. There ___a lot of news about Zhang Ziyi on TV last night.A. was B. had C. is D. were

3. There ____ many changes in the village recently. A. is B. are C. have been D. to be

4. ---There _______a lot of meat on the plate. Would you like some?

---Just a little, please. A. is B. are C. am D. be

5. There _______ some books, a ballpen and a ruler on the desk.

A. is

B. are

C. have

D. has

6. There _______ a ballpen, a ruler and some books on the desk.

A. is

B. are

C. have

D. has

7. There is a boy _______at the door.

A. stand

B. standing

C. stood

D. is standing

8. ---_______is in the house?

--- There is an old women in the house.

A. What

B. Whose

C. Who


9. There used to be a tower here, _____?

A. usedn’t it

B. used there

C. didn’t it

D. didn’t there

10. There ____a meeting tonight.

A. is going be

B. is going to have

C. is going to

D. is going to be


(一) 规则变化

名词单数变复数,直接加 -s 占多数;

s, x, z, ch, sh 来结尾,直接加上 -es;

词尾是 f 或 fe,加 -s 之前先变 ve;

辅母 + y 在词尾,把 y 变 i 再加 -es;

词尾字母若是 o,常用三个已足够,

要加 -es 请记好,hero, tomato, potato。

(二) 不规则变化

男人女人 a 变 e,鹅足牙 oo 变 ee;

老鼠虱婆也好记,ous 变 ic;

孩子加上 ren,鱼鹿绵羊不用变。


1.英语名词有单数和复数的区别,单数表示“一”,复数表示“多于一。”名词由单数变复数,多数是规则的变,直接加-s,例如:book → books, girl → girls。

但以 -s, -ss, -z, -x,-ch, -sh 结尾的名词,变成复数时加 -es, 例如:bus → buses, class→classes buzz →buzzes, box → boxes, watch → watches, brush →brushes

以o结尾的名词,是加s构成的复数:kilo→kilos, piano→pianos, radio→radios, photo→photos, zoo→zoos

2. -f(e) 结尾的名词单数变复数歌诀:



例如:leaf(树叶,叶子),half (一半),self (自已),wife (妻子),knife (刀子),shelf (架子),wolf (狼), thief (窃贼,强盗) 和 life(生命),这些名词变成复数时,都要改 -f (e) 为 v,再加 -es。

3. -f 结尾的名词直接加 -s

变复数歌诀:海湾边、屋顶上,首领奴仆两相望;谁说他们无信仰,证据写在手帕上。例如:gulf,roof, chief, serf, belief, proof,handkerchief,这些名词变复数直接加 -s。

注:scarf(围巾;披风) 可以先改 f 为 ve 再加-s,也可直接加 -s。

4. 辅音字母 + y 结尾的名词,把 y 变 i 加 -es。例如:baby →babies, country → countries, family →families;

而-y 前是元音时,-y 不变,直接加 -s。例如:day → days, boy → boys

5. 以 -o 结尾的名词变复数时,多数直接加 -s。例如:radio → radios,

piano → pianos, kangaroo → kangaroos;有的须加-es,可以通过一句口诀来记忆:黑人英雄爱吃西红柿和土豆。即:Negro→ Negroes, hero → heroes, tomato → tomatoes, potato → potatoes;

有的以 o 结尾的名词既可加 -s 也可加-es。例如:volcano (火山) → volcanos / volcanoes 等。

6. 名词复数的不规则变化需要特别记忆。例如:man → men, woman →women, goose → geese, foot → feet, tooth → teeth ,mouse → mice, louse (虱子) → lice, child → children, fish → fish, deer (鹿) → deer, sheep → sheep 等。

7. 表示“某国人”的名词复数形式变化可通过歌诀记忆:

中日不变英法变,其余 -s加后面。

例如:1)Chinese → Chinese, Japanese →Japanese;

2)Englishman → Englishmen, Englishwoman →Englishwomen,

Frenchman → Frenchmen, Frenchwoman →Frenchwomen;

3)American → Americans, Russian →Russians, Arab → Arabs, German → Germans 等。

8.不可数名词一般只有单数形式,没有复数形式。有些不可数名词可借助单位词表示一定的数量。例如:a cupof tea 一杯茶, two pieces of paper 两张纸, an item of news 一则新闻

9.复合名词的复数形式: editor-in-chief→editors-in-chief, Daughter-in-law→daughters-in-law, grown-up→grown-ups

Woman teacher→women teachers, man driver→men drivers





Arm(手臂)→arms(军火), glass(玻璃)→glasses(眼镜),

Cloth(布)→clothes(衣服), water(水)→waters(水域,海洋等)

Force(力量)→forces(军队), game(游戏)→games(运动会),

paper(纸张)→papers(报纸), people(人,人们)→peoples(民族),manner(方式)→manners(礼貌),time(时间)→times(时代),

spirit(精神)→spirits(心情), sand(沙)→sands(沙漠),

interest(兴趣) →interests(利益), Work(工作)→works(著作),




1. They come from different ______

A. country

B. countries

C. a country

D. countrys

2. How many ______ do you see in the picture?

A. tomatos

B. tomatoes

C. tomato

D. the tomato

3. They are______.

A . woman teachers B. women teachers

C. women teacher

D. woman teacher

4. Would you like _______ ,please?

A. two glass of water

B. two glasses of water

C. two glass of waters

D. two glasses of waters

5. Most of ______ live in _______.

A. Germans, German

B. German, Germen

C. Germen, Germany

D. Germans, Germany

6. There are some ______ in these _______.





7. ______ like ______ by air.

A. Greens, travelling

B. The Green, traveling

C. The Greens, travel

D. The Greens, traveling

8. I wonder why ______ are interested in action films(武打片).

A. the people

B. people

C. peoples

D. the peoples

9. There is no ______ in the plate.

A. apples

B. oranges

C. rice

D. eggs


1. I have two_____ (knife)

2. There are many _____ here. (box)

3. There are many _____ on the road. (bus)

4. A few _____ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The _____ are playing football now. (child)




1. I am listening to music.

2. Mike is a student.

3. Mary can clean the classroom.

4. They are in the zoo.

5. There are some flowers in the vase.

6. This is my sister.

7. We are sweeping the floor.


1. We need some masks.[mɑ:sk]面具, 面罩

2. They like making the puppet. [/p?pit]木偶, 玩偶

3. Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house.

4. I put a book on my head.

5. They sing “In the classroom” together.

6. We play basketball on Sundays.

7. Tom likes listening to music.

8. I have a telescope. [/telisk?up]望远镜

9. Mike has(have 的第三人称单数现在式)a pot[p?t]罐, 锅, 壶

10. She has some blankets[/bl??kit]毛毯.


1. We have some oranges.(改为否定句)

2. They are teachers.[/ti:t??]教师(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

3. I go to school at six thirty. (改为一般疑问句)

4. Mr Black comes from Australia[?s/treilj?]澳大利亚. (改为一般疑问句)

5. There are some reading rooms(阅览室)in our school. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

5. The boy can make a puppet[/p?pit]木偶. (改为否定句)

6. He often reads English in the morning. (改为否定句)

7. I play basketball[/bɑ:skitb?:l]篮球 with my friends after school. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

8. My brother went to the park last Saturday. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

9. People usually dress up in costumes[/k?stju:m]服装at Halloween.[/h?l?u/i:n] (改为否定句)


英语语法大全 初中英语语法 学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.):表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.):主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(num.):表示数目或事物的顺序。如:one, two, three, first, second, third, fourth. 5、动词(v.):表示动作或状态。如:am, is,are,have,see . 6、副词(adv.):修饰动词、形容词或其他副词,说明时间、地点、程度等。如:now, very, here, often, quietly, slowly. 7、冠词(art..):用在名词前,帮助说明名词。如:a, an, the. 8、介词(prep.):表示它后面的名词或代词与其他句子成分的关系。如in, on, from, above, behind. 9、连词(conj.):用来连接词、短语或句子。如and, but, before . 10、感叹词(interj..)表示喜、怒、哀、乐等感情。如:oh, well, hi, hello. 2、句子成分:英语句子成分分为七种:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、表语、宾语补足语。 1、主语是句子所要说的人或事物,回答是“谁”或者“什么”。通常用名词或代词担任。如:I’m Miss Green.(我是格林小姐) 2、谓语动词说明主语的动作或状态,回答“做(什么)”。主要由动词担任。如:Jack cleans the room every day. (杰克每天打扫房间) 3、表语在系动词之后,说明主语的身份或特征,回答是“什么”或者“怎么样”。通常由名词、代词 或形容词担任。如:My name is Ping ping .(我的名字叫萍萍) 4、宾语表示及物动词的对象或结果,回答做的是“什么”。通常由名词或代词担任。如:He can spell the word.(他能拼这个词) 有些及物动词带有两个宾语,一个指物,一个指人。指物的叫直接宾语,指人的叫间接宾语。间 接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面。如:He wrote me a letter . (他给我写了一封信) 有时可把介词to或for加在间接宾语前构成短语,放在直接宾语后面,来强调间接宾语。如: He wrote a letter to me . (他给我写了一封信) 5、定语修饰名词或代词,通常由形容词、代词、数词等担任。如:


初一英语语法及主要知 识点归纳总结 Pleasure Group Office【T985AB-B866SYT-B182C-BS682T-STT18】

初一英语知识点归纳总结 分类:英语学习 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from 一.短语: 1 .be from = come from 来自于---- 2. live in 居住在--- 3. on weekends 在周末 4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人 5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国 6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目 7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约 8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎 9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动 二.重点句式: 1 Where’s your pen pal from = Where does your pen pal from/ 2 Where does he live 3 What language(s) does he speak 4 I want a pen pal in China. 5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself. 7 Can you write to me soon 8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports. 三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。 1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French 2 France------ French------French 3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese 4 Australia----Australian----- English 5 the United States------ American---- English 6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish Unit 2 Where’s the post office 一. Asking ways: (问路) 1.Where is (the nearest) …… (最近的)……在哪里 2.Can you tell me the way to …… 你能告诉我去……的路吗 3.How can I get to …… 我怎样到达……呢 4.Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood 附近有……吗 5.Which is the way to …… 哪条是去……的路 二.Showing the ways: (指路) 1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。 2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。 3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。 4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。 5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)


英语七年级语法知识总结 1.动词be(is,am,are)的用法 我(I)用am, 你(you)用are,is跟着他(he),她(she),它(it)。单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。变否定,更容易,be后not加上去。变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。还有一条须注意,句首大写莫忘记。 2.this,that和it用法 (1)this和that是指示代词,it是人称代词。 (2)距离说话人近的人或物用this, 距离说话人远的人或物用that。如: This is a flower. 这是一朵花。(近处) That is a tree. 那是一棵树。(远处) (3)放在一起的两样东西,先说this, 后说that。如: This is a pen. That is a pencil. 这是一支钢笔。那是一支铅笔。 (4)向别人介绍某人时说This is…, 不说That is…。如: This is Helen. Helen, this is Tom. 这是海伦,海伦,这是汤姆。 (5)This is 不能缩写, 而That is可以缩写。如: This is a bike. That’s a car. 这是一辆自行车。那是一辆轿车。 (6)打电话时,介绍自己用this, 询问对方用that。如: —Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是格林小姐吗? —Yes, this is. Who’s that? 是的,我是,你是谁? 注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…, Are you…?/Who are you? (7)在回答this或that作主语的疑问句时, 要用it代替this或that。如: ①—Is this a notebook? 这是笔记本吗?—Yes, it is. 是的,它是。 ②—What’s that? 那是什么?—It’s a kite. 是只风筝。 3.these和those用法 this, that, these和those是指示代词,these是this的复数形式,指时间,距离较近的或下面要提到的人或事;those是that的复数形式,指时间、距离较远或前面已经提到过的人或事物。 ①This is my bed. That is Lily’s bed. 这是我的床。那是莉莉的床。 ②These pictures are good. 那些画很好。 ③ Are those apple trees? 那些是苹果树吗? 在回答主语是these或those的疑问句时,通常用they代替these或those以避免重复。如:④Are these/those your apples? 这些(那些)是你的苹果吗? Yes, they are. 是的,他们是。 4.名词+’s所有格


1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend. 2.It ( rain) a lot in Shanghai every year. 3. I _____ (sing) an English song. 4._____she____(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _____. 5. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 6. She is _____ (shop). 7. What ____ Tom ____ (do) on Saturday evening? 8. Daniel and Tommy _____(be) in Class One. 9. ____ you ______ (fly) a kite now? Yes, _____. 10.she (take) a walk erey day. 11. she (sit) and had an apple. 12. What are you _____(do) now? I ______(eat) bread. 13. She _____(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ____ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning. 14. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 15. It’s nine o’clock. My fa ther______(work) in the office. 16. Nick _____(not go) to the zoo on Sundays. 17.When ___ you___(write)this song? I___(write) it last year. 18. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 19.My friend, Carol, _____(study) for the math test last night. 20. _____ your parents _____(read) newspapers every day? 21. Look, the boy________(put) the rubbish into the bin. 22. ___he___(clean) the classroom? No,he isn’t.He____(play). 23. The girl _____(teach) us English on Sundays. 24. How ______(be) Jim's weekend? It _____(be not) bad. 25. She and I _____(take) a walk together every evening. 26.. ____ (be) your mother an assistant last year? No. she ____. 27. There _____(be) some water in the bottle. 28. Where is Max? He______(run) on the grass. 29. Tom and Mary _______(come) to China last month. 30. Mike _______(like) cooking. 31. Mike _____(not go) to bed until 12 o'clock last night.So he _____ (get) up late. 32. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully 33.What are you ___ _(do) now? I ____ (eat) bread. 34. Mary ____(read) English yesterday morning. 35. She ______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 36. Tom ______(begin) to learn Chinese last year. 37. The child often _____(watch) TV in the evening. 38.It’s nine o’clock. My father ____ (work) in the office 39. My mother ____(not do) housework yesterday. 40. He _____ (get) up at six o'clock. 41. There _____ a telephone call for you just now. (be) 42. The fish is _____ (swim) in the river. 43. What ____(do) he usually ______(do) after school? 44. -When _____you ______(come) to china? -Last year. 45. Danny _______ (study) English, Chinese, and art at school. 46. ______ (be) it cold in your city yesterday? 47. She _____ (walk) now. 48. Mike sometimes _____ (go) to the park with his sister. 49. They _____ (sit) on the chair 50. How many people _____ (be) there in your class last term? 51. _____ Mike ______ (read) English every day? 52. There ____ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _______ (have) no time to watch it. 53.The cat is _____ (lie ) on the rug. 54.What time ______ his mother ____ (do) the housework? 55.We ___ (have) a good time in the park yesterday.


人教版七年级(上册)英语知识点 第一块国际音标 国际音标是一种工具,其作用是标记英语字母和单词的读音。 1、20个元音 单元音: /i:/Ee、/з:/her /u:/do /I/it /?/about /u/book /ɑ:/are //or /?/any //us //off /e/at 双元音: //Ii //out //ear //Aa,//Oo //air //boy //sure 2、28辅音: 成对的清浊辅音: /p/map /t/it /k/book /f/off /θ/math /s/yes /b/club /d/dad /g/big /v/have /e/this /z/zoo //fish //watch /tr/tree /ts/its //usually //orange /dr/dress /dz/beds 其他辅音: /m/am /n/and //English /l/like /h/hello /r/red /w/what /j/yes 3、国际音标拼读规则: 辅见元,碰一碰。/l/在前,发本音;音节后面卷下舌。 /p/、/t/、/k/、/tr /清辅音,/s/后读成浊辅音。 本块词汇: speak说讲start开始school学校 s trict严格的out外面club俱乐部usually通常 dress化妆about关于大约us我们her她的ear耳朵English英语sure当然可以air空气or或者any一些boy男孩orange橙子,桔子map地图tree树math数学 off离开watch观看手表do做 like喜欢 beds床what什么hello喂是的red红色的yes是的 book书its它的 zoo动物园fish鱼dad爸爸big大的have有this这it它 Starter unit1-3 一、文化常识 1、英语文化区域,熟人之间见面,常要互相问好。早上用语Good morning ! 下午用语Good afternoon ! 晚上用语Good evening ! 例如:


英语语法大全 初中英语语法学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.):表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.):主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(num.):表示数目或事物的顺序。如:one, two, three, first, second, third, fourth. 5、动词(v.):表示动作或状态。如:am, is,are,have,see . 6、副词(adv.):修饰动词、形容词或其他副词,说明时间、地点、程度等如:now, very, here, often, quietly, slowly. 7、冠词(art..):用在名词前,帮助说明名词。如:a, an, the. 8、介词(prep.):表示它后面的名词或代词与其他句子成分的关系。如in, on, from, above, behind. 9、连词(conj.):用来连接词、短语或句子。如and, but, before .

10、感叹词(interj..)表示喜、怒、哀、乐等感情。如:oh, well, hi, hello. 2、句子成分:英语句子成分分为七种:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、表语、宾语补足语。 1、主语是句子所要说的人或事物,回答是“谁”或者“什么”。通常用名词或代词担任。如:I’m Miss Green.(我是格林小姐) 2、谓语动词说明主语的动作或状态,回答“做(什么)”。主要由动词担任。如:Jack cleans the room every day. (杰克每天打扫房间) 3、表语在系动词之后,说明主语的身份或特征,回答是“什么”或者“怎么样”。通常由名词、代词或形容词担任。如:My name is Ping ping .(我的名字叫萍萍) 4、宾语表示及物动词的对象或结果,回答做的是“什么”。通常由名词或代词担任。 如:He can spell the word.(他能拼这个词) 有些及物动词带有两个宾语,一个指物,一个指人。指物的叫直接宾语,指人的叫间接宾语。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面。如:He wrote me a letter . (他给我写了一封信) 有时可把介词to或for加在间接宾语前构成短语,放在直接宾语后面,来强调间接宾语。如:He wrote a letter to me . (他给我写了一封信) 5、定语修饰名词或代词,通常由形容词、代词、数词等担任。如: Shanghai is a big city .(上海是个大城市)


一教学任 一、重点法 1.be( am,is,are)的用法: be 包括“ am” ,“ is”三,种“形式are。” ①第一人称数(I) 配合 am 来用。句型解析析:I am+ ? ②第二人称 (You)配合 are 使用。句型解析:You are+ ? ③第三人称数(He or She or It) 配合 is 使用。句型解析:She(He, It) is + ④人称复数(we /you/they) 配合 are 使用。句型解析:We (You, They) are +例句We are in Class 5,Grade 7.They are my friends.You are good students.用法口:???? 我 (I) 用 am, 你 (you) 用 are, is 跟着他 (he),她 (she),它 (it) 。数名用is,复数名全用 are。否定,更容易, be 后 not 加上去。疑,往前提,句末号莫弃。有一条注意,句首大 写莫忘。 一.用括号中适当的填空。 1.I ________(am, are, is) from Australia. 2.She _______ (am, are, is) a student. 3.Jane and Tom _________(am, is, are) my friends. 4.My parents _______ (am, is, are) very busy every day. 5._______ (Are, Is, Do, Does) there a Chinese school in New York? 6._______ (Be, Are, Were, Was) they excited when he heard the news? 7.There _____ (be) some glasses on it. 8.If he _____ (be) free tomorrow, he will go with us. 一、用 be 的适当形式填空 1.I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2.The girl______ Jack's sister. 3.The dog _______ tall and fat. 4.The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5.______ your brother in the classroom? 6.Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7.How _______ your father? 8.Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9.Whose dress ______ this? 10.Whose socks ______ they? 11.That ______ my red skirt. 12.Who ______ I? 13.The jeans ______ on the desk. 14.Here ______ a scarf for you. 15.Here ______ some sweaters for you. 16.The black gloves ______ for Su Yang. 17.This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling. 18.The two cups of milk _____ for me. 19.Some tea ______ in the glass. 20.Gao shan's shirt _______ over there. 第二( 1)英人称代和物主代 一、人称代 表示“我”、“你”、“他”、“她”、“它”、“我”、“你”、“他”的,叫做人称代。人称代有人称、数和格的化,下表: 人称 数复数 主格格主格格 第一人称I me we us 第二人称you you you you 第三人称he him she her they them it it 人称代主格:作主,表示怎么了、干什么了。 I am a teacher. You are student. He is a student, too.


初一英语语法知识点总结归纳 【导语】学习是一架保持平衡的天平,一边是付出,一边是收获,少付出少收获,多付出多收获,不劳必定无获!要想取得理想的成绩,勤奋至关重要!只有勤奋学习,才能成就美好人生!勤奋出天才,这是一面永不褪色的旗帜,它永远激励我们不断追求、不断探索。有书好好读,有书赶快读,读书的时间不多。只要我们刻苦拼搏、一心向上,就一定能取得令人满意的成绩。下面是无忧考网为您整理的《初一英语语法知识点总结归纳》,仅供大家参考。【陈述句】 1、概念:说明一个事实或是陈述说话人的看法的句子,句末用句号。 2、分类:陈述句根据其语法结构,可大体分为―主语+谓语‖和―主语+连系动词+表语‖两种;而从语气的角度分,又可分为肯定陈述句和否定陈述句(1)“主语+谓语”结构① 肯定陈述句I like that book.我喜欢那本书。(陈述一个事实) I really agree.我确实同意。(陈述一个观点) ② 否定陈述句I did not buy the TV.我没有买那个电视。(陈述一个事实) (2)主语+连系动词+表语结构① 肯定陈述名The film is boring . 这部电影没意思。(陈述观点) ② 否定陈述句Smoking is not good for your health.抽烟对你的健康没有好处。(陈述一个事实) 3、陈述句的否定结构:陈述句的否定式主要用两种结构来表达:(1)句子的谓语动词为be , have 或者谓语动词有助动词、情态动词时,其否定结构为:主语+谓语动词/助动词/情态动词+ not + 其他成分I am not a teacher. 我不是老师。We have not (haven`t) any books on animals. 我们没有任何有关动物方面


专题五时态复习 (一)一般现在时 复习要点:1.用法 2.时间 3.句型转换 一、用词的适当形式填空。 1. Miss Guo ______ (teach) us Chinese this term. She ______ (be) a very good teacher. She often ______ (talk) with us after class. Many of us like ______ (talk) with her. 2. Where ______ their father______ (work)? He ______ (work) on a farm. 3. What time ______ the shop ______ (close)? It _____ (close) at nine o'clock in the evening. 4. He ______ (go) to school by bus every day. 5. Tom can not walk fast because he ______ (carry) a heavy box. 6. She often ______ (read) English in the evening. 7. She ____ (go) to school at eight o’clock. 8. He usually _____ up at 17:00. (get) 9. She ____ (live) in Beijing. 二、句型转换: 1. I like the red sofa. (变否定句) 2. She has a nice cap. (变一般疑问句,并做肯定及否定回答) 3. I am a bus driver. (变一般疑问句并做肯定回答) 4. They play football in the garden everyday. (变成否定句) 5. There is an egg in the basket.(变成复数形式的句子) (二)一般过去时


初一英语语法复习大全-CAL-FENGHAI.-(YICAI)-Company One1 -CAL-本页仅作为文档封面,使用请直接删除

初一英语语法用法复习大全 1. 形容词的用法: 形容词用以修饰名词,表示人或事物的特征。在句中可以作定语、表语,用于限定被修饰语的特征,如长短、大小、重量、颜色、高矮、胖瘦、新旧等,。,“限定词”包括:冠词、物主代词、指示代词、或数词,它位于各类形容词前。它本身分为三位,即:前、中、后。前位限定词有all、half、both、分数和倍数;中位限定词有冠词、指示代词、物主代词等;后位限定词有基数词和序数词,但序数词位于基数词前。如:both my hands、all half his income 等。“描绘”性形容词如:beautiful、bad、cold、great等。“大长高”表示大小、长短、高低等一些词。表示“形状”的词如:round square等。“国籍”指一个国家或地区的词。“材料”的词如:wooden, woolen, stone,silk 等。“作用类别”的词如:medical, college,writing desk,police car 等。 The little girl is very pretty. 这个小女孩很好看。 --I want that one. 我想要那个。 --Which one 哪一个 --The new blue one. 那个蓝色新的。 Can I have a look at the big nice one 我能看一看那个大的漂亮的吗 2、人称代词: 是用来表示人的代词,有单数和负数之分,有主格和宾格之分。人称代词的主格在句中作主语;人称代词的宾格在句中作宾语,是作动词或介词的宾语。主格:I, we, you, he, she, it, they在句子中作主语 宾格:me, us, you, him, her, it, them在句子中作宾语 He and I are in the same class. 我和他在同一个班级。 Can you see them in the street 你能看见他们在街上吗 3、可数名词和不可数名词 英语中名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。凡是可数计数的名词叫做可数名词;凡是不可以计数的名词叫做不可数名词。 (1)可数名词分为单数和复数两种形式。可数名词前可以用不定冠词、数词或some many等修饰。如:a man a desk an apple an orange some books some children tow pens (2)不可数名词没有复数形式,前面不能用不定冠词、数词或many等词语修饰,但可以用some a little much等词语来修饰。有时可以与一些量词短语搭配,这些量词短语中的名词一般是可数的,有单数形式,也可以有复数形式。如:some water a little milk much food a piece of bread tow bottles of ink some glasses of water 4、祈使句 祈使句用来表示请求、命令等,句中没有主语,肯定形式由谓语或者谓语+宾语(+宾语补足语)构成,否定形式则在句前加Don’t. Stand up, please. 请起立。Don’t worry. 别担心。 can的用法:can是情态动词,表示“能,会,可以,被允许等”,其后接动词原形,否定形式为cannot,可缩写为can’t.


初中英语常考的7个语法知识点 一、介词by的用法 1、意为“在……旁”,“靠近”。 Some are singing and dancing under a big t ree。 Some are drawing by the lake。 有的在大树下唱歌跳舞。有的在湖边画画儿。 2、意为“不迟于”,“到……时为止”。 Your son will be all right by supper time。你的儿子在晚饭前会好的。 How many English songs had you learned b y the end of last term? 到上个学期末你们已经学了多少首英语歌曲? 3、表示方法、手段,可译作“靠”、“用”、“凭借”、“通过”、“乘坐”等。

The monkey was hanging from the tree by h is tail and laughing。 猴子用尾巴吊在树上哈哈大笑。 The boy’s father was so thankful that he taught Edison how to send messages by railway tele graph。 孩子的父亲是那么的感激,于是他教爱迪生怎样通过铁路电报来传达信息。 4、表示“逐个”,“逐批”的意思。 One by one they went past the table in the dark。 他们一个一个的在黑暗中经过这张桌子。 5、表示“根据”,“按照”的意思。 What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点了?


遵义市十六中学英语时态练习题 一、一般现在时 概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。 时间状语:always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays, etc. 基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词 否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①把be动词放于句首;②用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。 三单数的加法: 1. 一般直接加s. work---works 2. 以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾的加es. go-goes watch—watches guess—guesses 3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加es. study—studies worry—worries 用所给动词适当形式填空。 1. I__________ (go) to school on foot every day. 2. My parents__________(get) up at seven thirty every Sunday.. 3. The teachers__________(like) going to work on foot. 4. Tom always__________(play) basketball on the playground. 5. Those workers__________ (be) at work on the farm.. 6. Julie__________ (not walk) to the countryside every Sunday. 7. She__________ (do) her homework on Saturday. 8. John__________ (eat) fruit four times a week. 9. His mother__________ (want) to listen to the radio. 10. We__________ (speak) English every day. 11. A lot of vegetables__________ (make) us keep healthy. 12. The old man__________ (go) for a walk in the park three times a week. 13. She__________ (have) long curly blonde hair. 14. Our teacher often__________ (give) us some advice on how to learn English. 15. Peter__________ (go) to school every day. He__________ (study)very hard. 16. __________you often__________ (water) these flowers? 17. __________you__________ (like) swimming? 18. __________Tom__________ (walk) to school every day? 19. What time __________your brother__________ (get) up every day? 20. __________ (be) this your pencil? 21. __________you__________ (have) a soccer ball? 22. How much__________ (be) these pants? 23. When__________ (be) your birthday? 24. __________you__________ (want) to go to a movie? 25. What time__________you__________ (go) to school every day? 26. My favorite subject__________ (be) science. 27. Where__________ (be) your pen pals from? 28. Why__________you__________ (like) koalas? 29. What_______he__________ (look) like? 30. What_______he__________ (think) of talk shows? 31. How______you__________ (get) to school every day? 二、一般过去时 概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc. 基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词 否定形式:①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。


初中英语语法常考知识点汇总 一、介词by的用法 1、意为“在……旁”,“靠近”。 Some are singing and dancing under a big tree。Some are drawing by the lake。 有的在大树下唱歌跳舞。有的在湖边画画儿。 2、意为“不迟于”,“到……时为止”。 Your son will be all right by supper time。 你的儿子在晚饭前会好的。 How many English songs had you learned by the end of last term? 到上个学期末你们已经学了多少首英语歌曲? 3、表示方法、手段,可译作“靠”、“用”、“凭借”、“通过”、“乘坐”等。 The monkey was hanging from the tree by his tail and laughing。 猴子用尾巴吊在树上哈哈大笑。 The boy’s father was so thankful that he taught Edison how to send messages by railway telegraph。 孩子的父亲是那么的感激,于是他教爱迪生怎样通过铁路电报来传达信息。

4、表示“逐个”,“逐批”的意思。 One by one they went past the table in the dark。 他们一个一个得在黑暗中经过这张桌子。 5、表示“根据”,“按照”的意思。 What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点了? 6、和take ,hold等动词连用,说明接触身体的某一部分。 I took him by the hand。 我拉住了他的手。 7、用于被动句中,表示行为主体,常译作“被”、“由”等。 English is spoken by many people。 英语被许多人说。(即“许多人讲英语。”) 二、动名词doing 动名词相当于名词,在句子中可以做主语、宾语、表语、定语等。 1、作主语


代词: 英语中代词有人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、关系代词、不定代词。 一).人称代词: 1、主格用来做句子的主语、表语。 如:I often go shopping on Sundays.(星期天我常去购物) Are they from Brazil?(他们是巴西人吗?) That’s it.(就那么回事) / It’s he!(是他!) 2、宾格用来做及物动词或者介词的宾语 如:Who teaches you English this year?(今年谁教你们的英语?) Help me!(救救我!) / We often write letters to her.(我们常给他写信) 3、人称代词作表语或者放在比较状语从句连词than或as之后时,可以用主格形式,也可以用宾格形式,口语中大多用宾格。如:–It’s I/me.(是我。) 三个不同人称同时出现,或者主语中包含“我”时,按照“you→he→I”的顺序表达。 如:Both he and I are working at that computer company.(我和他都在那家电脑公司上班) –Who will go there?(谁要去那儿?) –You and me.(你和我) 4、人称代词it除了可以指人指物之外,还可以表示“时间、天气、温度、距离、情况”等含义,此外还可以作“非人称代词”使用,替代作主语或者宾语的不定式、动名词或者名词性

从句。 如:--What’s the weather like today?(今天天气怎样?)—It’s fine.(天气晴好) / --What’s the time?(几点啦?) –It’s 12:00.(12点) It’s a long way to go.(那可要走好长的路) / It took him three days to clean his house. It is very clear that the public want to know when these men can go into space.(很显然,公众想知道这些人什么时候能进入太空) We found it very difficult to learn a foreign language well.(我们发觉要学好一门外语是非常困难的) 二).物主代词: 1、形容词性物主代词只能作句子中名词的修饰语,后面要跟名词。 如:Is that your umbrella?(那是你的伞吗?) / I often go to see my aunt on Sundays. 2、名词性物主代词相当于名词,既代替事物又表明所属关系,在句子中往往独立地作主语、宾语或者表语,后面千万不可以跟名词。 如:This is your cup, but where is mine?(这是你的杯子,可我的在哪儿?) Your classroom is very big, but ours is rather small.(你们教室很大,我们的相当小) 3、“of + 名词性物主代词”称为双重所有格,作定语时放在名词的后面。如: A friend of mine came to see me yesterday.(我的一个朋友昨天来看我了) (指若干朋友中有一个。) [试比较] My friend came to see me yesterday.(我的朋友昨天来看我了)(指我的那个特定的朋友)

相关文档 最新文档