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初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2

初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2
初一英语语法_时态专题复习 2

初一英语语法,时态专题复习

数词:基数词和序数词

(一). 基数词.

1.基数词的读法.

1)1---12 : one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve

2)13---19: 词尾加-teen :thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen

3)20,30,40,50,60,70,80,90 : 逢十词尾加-ty :twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety

4)21----99: 在十位与个位之间加连字符构成.

5)101---999 :先说几百, 再加and ,再加末尾两位数或个位数.

101---one hundred and one 238----two hundred and thirty-eight

(二). 序数词

基数词变序数词,基数词变序数词口诀

一二三,特殊记,结尾字母t,d,d; (first second third )八减t(eighth),九减e(ninth),f来把v e替(twelfth);ty变y为i e,然后再加th(twentieth);如果遇到遇到几十几,只变个位就可以(twenty-one---- twenty first)。

(三). 数词的应用.

1.序数词前一般加定冠词the

2. hundred / thousand /million /billion

1).若hundred / thousand /million /billion 前有基数词时,其后不加s,也不加of .若没有时,既加s 也要带of .

Every year _______ visitors come to China.

There are two _______ students in our school.

A. thousand

B.thousands

C.thousands of

D.thousand of

2).日月年(the +序数词+of +月, 年)

2007年3月21日---the twenty-first of March ,two thousand and seven.

情态动词:1、任何主语+can/may/must等+动词原形2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t等+动词原形

3、Can/May/Must等+ 主语+ 动词原形?

4、疑问词+can/may/must等+主语+动词原形?

练习:you swim?Y es,but I’m not a good swimmer. A.Can B.May C.Need D.Must

Tom,you play computer games too much. It’s bad for your eyes.A.mustn’tB.didn’tC.needn’t D.wouldn’t

非谓语动词(是固定搭配)

1. like+ to do不定式/doing动名词

2.want to do sth.

3. love to do

4. would like to do sth.

5. enjoy doing sth.

6. thanks for doing

7. stop doing sth

8. let sb. do sth.

She wants _____(have) a party. Does he like _______(swim)?

Thanks for _______(enjoy) CCTV show. She never stops ____(talk).

祈使句:无人称、动词开头,带命令色彩的句子。

Go straight and turn left/ right. 否定→Don’t go straight and turn left/ right.

Go through Fifth A venue. 否定→Don’t go through Fifth A venue.

Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)否定→Don’t Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)

No parking. 禁止停车。例_____ in the street. It’s dangerous.A. Not play B. Not to playC. Don’t play D. Don’t to play

感叹句

感叹句的结构:

○1what + a / an + 形容词+ 名词+ 主谓What a clever boy he is! 他是多么聪明的孩子啊

What an interesting book you have!你的书多么有趣啊!

○2what + 形容词+ 名词复数:What clever boys you are! 你们是多么聪明的孩子啊!

○3what + 形容词+ 不可数名词:What difficult work it is! 那是多么困难的工作啊!

④How + 形容词/副词+主语+谓语!How nice she is! How fast he runs!

练习:1. It is quite a nice present.→_____ _____ nice present(it is)! →_____ nice the present is!

2. We have fine weather today.→ _____ _____ weather we have today!

3. The children are working hard.→_____ _____ the children are working!

4. She played basketball wonderfully.→_____ _____ she played basketball!

There be(b e单复数由be后名词决定)句型表示某地有,have/has,主要表示某人有

句型转换

1)There is a bank on the street. 2) There are some cars in front of the park.

否定句:There _______a bank on the street. 否定句:There ______ _______cars in front of the bank. 一般疑问句:_______ ______ a bank on the street? 一般疑问句:____ ______ ______cars in front of the bank? 就划线部分提问:________ on the street? 就划线部分提问:_____ _____ in front of the bank? There’s a bank on the street. There are some cars in front of the bank.

同上:____ ______ ______are there on the street? 同上:____ ____ ____ are there in front of the bank There’s only one. There’re some.

3)He two sons. 他有两个儿子。There two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

4)There _____ a basketball match tomorrow. A.is going to have B.are going to have

人称代词

人称代词讲解:我你他她它我们你们他/她/它们主格:I you he she it we you they

宾格:me you him her it us you them

形容词性物主代词:我的你的他的她的它的我们的你们的他/她/它们的

my your his her its our your their

名词性物主代词:mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs

练习:1.________(我) am a worker. _________(你) are a doctor. ______(她) is a teacher.

2.This is (他的)shirt.

3. This is __________(我的)pen.

4._________(他们的) trousers are there.

5. I like this picture. Please give ________(它) to ________(我).

6. People get ________(他们的) money from _________(我).

7._____(他们) are new students. _____(他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.

8. These are _____(我们的) shoes. Can ____(我们) wear ______(它们).

9.Thank _______ for _______(你的) help.

10. _______(他) loves _______(她), and _______(她) loves _______(他),too.

_______(我) love _________(你), and ________(你) love _______(我),too.

一、用适当的人称代词填空:

1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________.

2. China is a developing country. _________ lies in the east of Asia.

3. Professor Wang sets ________ a good example. We must learn from ________.

4. What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday.

5. How far is the thunder ? — __________ is three kilometers away.

6. I own a blue bike. The red one doesn’t belong to __________.

7. These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.

8. __________ say that those old houses will be rebuilt.

9. Is __________ the milkman at the door? — Yes, that’s __________.

10. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________?

11. Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. Her brother lives with ____ and helps ____ to prepare the lessons.

12. The ship is lying at anchor (停泊) . ____ comes from Shanghai

13. This photo of your mother is very much like her. I like ____.

14. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at physics .

15. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ?

16. What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy.

二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空

1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday. Can I have one of ____ ?

2. Tell Tom not to forget ____ book. And you mustn’t forget ____ .

3. George has lost ____ pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ .

4.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ dog and ____ had a fight (打架).

5. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____

6. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us.

7. Mary wants to know if(是否)you’ve seen a pair of gloves of ____ .

8. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____

三、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空

A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空

1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away.

2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like _________(she,her,hers).

3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can’t get my kite. Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)?

4. Tom can’t get down from the tree. Can you help _________(he,him,his)?

5. Her kite is broken. Can _________(you,your,yours) mend it?

6. We can’t find our bikes. Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)?

7. These are _________(he,him,his) planes. The white ones are _________(I,me,mine).

五、根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空:

1. Mary works in a book store. likes work very much.

2. John and I are in the same school. go to school together.

3. Everybody likes that sport, do ?

4. She is a friend of . We got to know each other two years ago.

5. Her sister makes all own dresses.

6. I have many friends. Some of are good at English.

7. May I use bike? is broken.

8. Everybody is here except Ann and ________ friend Jane. ________ are in the library now.

冠词的练习

.冠词:英语中冠词分为定冠词(the)、不定冠词(a/an)和零冠词(不用冠词)

1.a用于辅音音素(不是辅音字母)前;an用于元音音素(不是元音字母)前。如,An hour ago, an honest man accepted

an honorable task In a university, a European and a one-eyed man walk along a one-way road with a usual tool. This is a usual thing.

2.定冠词the的用法: 定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有―那(这)个‖的意思,但较弱,可以和一个名词连用,来表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。(上文提到过的人或事;指世界上独一无二的事物;用在序数词和形容词最高级,形容词等前面;乐器的名词前;用在惯用语中;姓氏的复数名词之前表示一家人专有名词前等等)例如the sun,the rich 富人,on the second floor,the United States 美国play the piano,the Greens 格林一家人(或格林夫妇)in the day,在白天

3.通常我们在三类名词前不带冠词:复数可数名词、不可数名词和专有名词。但是,用来指特定的事物时,the可以出现在复数名词和不可数名词前面。Girls like shopping when they are free. 女孩总是喜欢在空闲的时候购物

Rice is very important to our country. China is a big country.

1. He has already worked for ______ hour. A. the B. an C. a D. 不填

2. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano. A. the B. an C. a D. 不填

Choose the best answer (选择最佳答案):

1. There is _______ house in the picture. There is ________old woman near_________house.

A. an; a; the

B. a; an ; the

C. the ; a; an

D. a; the; an

2. He has already worked for ______ hour.

A. the

B. an

C. a

D. 不填

3. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano.

A. the

B. an

C. a

D. 不填

4. Beyond ____ stars, the astronaut saw nothing but _____space.

A. 不填;the

B. the ; the

C. 不填,不填

D. the; 不填

5. ______ terrible weather we`ve been having these days!

A. How a

B. What a

C. How

D. What

6.------ Where is Jack? ------ I think he is still in ______ bed, but he might just be in ______bathroom. A. 不填;

不填 B. the; the C. the;不填 D. 不填; the

7.When do you have _____breakfast every day? A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

8. Many people are still in _____ habit of writing silly things in ______public places.

A. the ; 不填

B. 不填; the

C. the ; the

D. 不填; 不填

介词讲解:

一、早、下午、晚要用in 例in the morning/ afternoon/ evening /day 在早上/下午/白天

二、at黎明、午、夜、点与分,例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候at noon 在中午at night 在夜间at midnight 在午夜at six o’clock 在6点钟

三、年、月、年月、季节、周,即在"某年","某月",在"某年某月" (具体日则用on),在四季,在第几周等都要用in。in 1986 在1986年in April 在四月in December 1986 1986年12月in spring 在春季in summer 在夏季on May 1st

练习:1.We begin classes _______ about 8:00.2. We all like working ______ China. 3.What do you like doing________the evening?4.Our school has an Art Festival ________ December 31st every year. 5.What can you see ________the picture?. 6.The speech contest is _____ January.

介词专项练习55题

in,on,under,at,of,about,for,from,to,with,after,before

At:1.We begin classes _______ about 8:00. 2. We all like working ______ China.

3. Her mother usually gets up _____ six thirty.

4.The store has shirts________ a great price.

5.Look _______ the picture.

6.Please call Jim ______ 9876543.

After:7. The student often showers ________ dinner. 8.The girl likes running _____class.

9._______ that, the old man begins to run. 10.He likes to play soccer ______ school.

before,to: 11. The kid usually does his homework ________ going ________ bed.

For:12.Thanks ________ your letter.13. ______ kids, the movie is too scary.

14. We have vegetables and fruit _____ lunch. 15.They sell the sweaters ____ $40 each.

16. She plays the piano ________ an hour every day. 17.The kid buys a cake _____ his uncle.

About:18.Can you tell me ________ your day?

About,from:19.Don’t you think we can learn much ____ Chinese history ____ the documentaries?

At,from,to:20.We are ________ school ________ Monday ________ Friday.

In,with,in:21.Fill ________the blanks ________ the words ________ the box.

With:22.Can you help me ________ my math?

23.Her cousin likes to play ________ his dog best.

24.Their daughter often goes to see Beijing Opera ________ her grandpa.

On:25.The old woman usually watches comedies ________ TV.

26.Our school has an Art Festival ________ December 31st every year.

27.We don’t have any classes ________ weekends.

28.Do you get up early ________ Wednesday?

29.Tom’s computer game’s ________ the floor. 30.Are your clothes ________ the dresser?

31.A birthday cake’s ________ the table. 32.Some socks are ________ sale.

In:33. What’s ________ your backpack?

34.What do you like doing ________ the evening?35.Can you say it ________ French?

36.The American _______ white is his friend.

37.Y ou can be ________ our club if you can play the piano,the trumpet,the guitar or the drums.

38.Our history teacher isn’t ________ the classroom. 39.They like to work ________ China.

40. What can you see ________the picture?. 41.The speech contest is _____ January.

Under: 42.Oh,my pencil’s ________ your chair.So I can’t find it.

To:43.When does he get ________ school?

44.Her aunt goes _______ work early every Thursday. https://www.doczj.com/doc/438222800.html,e ________ our English party!

46.They say ―Hello‖ ______ the American teacher every morning.

47.Please take the case ________ their parents. 48.Please write _______ her soon.

49. What time does your brother go _______ school?

To,in:50.The students listen ________ the teacher ________ class.

To,at:51.The early bus usually takes Scott ________ work ________ eight thirty.

Of:52.Those are the parents _____ my cousin. 53.That’s a photo _____ Dick’s family.

54.What kind ______ movies do you like best?

55.They eat lots ________ healthy food every day.

一般现在时用法专练

一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时的用法一般现在时:1、、、、定义:A)表示现阶段经常发生的、反复的发生的、习惯性的动作或存在的状态。如:He usually goes to school at 7:oo o’clock. The students often get up at 6:30 in the morning. B)表示主语具有的特征、性格、能力和客观真理。如:I’m 14 years old . Mike likes swimming. 2、时间词: often usually always sometimes every day/night/week on Sunday on weekends

3、、、、结构:A)当句子表状态说明主语是什么或怎么样时,其句型:主+BE动词(am, is, are)+表语,否定式是在BE动词后加not,一般疑问句是将BE动词提前到句首(即在主语之前) e.g. He is her father . He is not her father . Is he her father? Yes,he is . No ,he is not. B) 当谓语由实义动词充当,主语不是第三人称单数时,句子结构为:主语+动词原形+其它否定式为:主语+don't+动词原形+其它疑问句为:Do+主语+动词原形+其它?

e.g. We speak Chinese. We don't speak Chinese. Do you speak Chinese? Yes,we do. No, we don’t. 当主语是第三人称单数时:句子结构为主语+动词(词尾加s或es)+其它。否定式为:主语+doesn't+动词原形+其它。疑问句式:Does+主语+动词原形+其它?He likes pandas. He doesn’t like pandas. Does he like pandas? Yes,he does. No, he doesn’t. 4、、、、动词三单形式的构成: 动词加s的方法与名词变复数的方法基本一样(1)在原形动词结尾直接加s:works , runs , likes.plays (2)以s , x , ch , sh , o 结尾的动词,加es:teaches , goes , washes does watches discusses (3)以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,把y变i再加es:studies , , carries . cries.

Ⅰ.用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often (have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy (be) members of the Reading Club.

3. She and I (take)a walk together every evening.

4. There (be) some water in the bottle.

5. We (not watch) TV on weekdays.

6. Nick (not do) his homework on Sundays.

7. they (like) the World Cup?

8. What they usually (do) on holidays?

9. your parents (read) newspapers every day?

10. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.

Ⅱ.按照要求改写句子。

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

Daniel TV every evening.

2. I do my homework every day .(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

——you homework every day?

——No,I .

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

——she milk?

——Yes.,she .

4. Simon is from Beijing.(同义句改写)

Simon Beijing.

5. Millie is clever at Maths.(同义句改写)

Millie Maths .

Ⅲ.改错。

1. Is you brother speak English?

A B C ( )

2. Does he looks like his father?

A B C ( )

3. He likes play games after class.

A B C ( )

4. Mr Wu teachs us English.

A B C ( )

5….She doesn’t her homework on Sundays.

A B C ( )

Ⅳ.将下列句子译成英文。

1._桑迪放学后打羽毛球吗?

不.她学习很用功.放学后她总是看书..

_ Sandy badminton after school?

No.She hard.She always books after school.

2.他在第三中学上学.他每天早上七点上学.

He in No .3 Middle School. He to school at 7a.m.every day .

3.父亲早晨送我到学校.

My father me to school in the morning.

4. 我女儿喜欢看电视和听音乐..

My daughter TV and to music.

5. 西蒙朋友的姐姐长大后想当一位歌手.

Simon’s friend’s sister to a singer when she up.

现在进行时专练

现在进行时:表示说话瞬间或现阶段正在进行的动作。

1、标志: now(现在)listen(看)look(听)at the moment(此刻)

2、结构:主语+助动词be(am/is/are)+行为动词的现在分词(doing)

现在分词的构成:1.-ing: eat-eating,sing-singing 2.辅音字母+e: take-taking

3. sit, put, begin, run, swim, stop, get, shop,get(双写最后一个辅音字母,再加ing.)4、特殊变化:lie-lying,die-dying

练习:1. Jim __________________(take) photos in the park now. 2. Jim_________(not take) in the park now. 3.

_______________Jim____________(take) photos in the park now? Y es, he _____. No, he _______.

4. Where _________Jim ____________ photos now? In the park.

1.我们正在吃晚餐。2、我们每天6点起床。

We __________________________. We __________________ at six every day.

3.你们在聊天吗?是的。4、他们常常聊天吗?不是。

_______ they _______? Y es, they _____. ______ they often ______ ? No, they ________.

5、他在做什么?他在做作业。

6、他晚上常干什么?他常做作业。

What ____he ___? He_______. What ___he usually ___ in the evening? He usually______.

答案: 1.are having dinner 2. get up 3. Are , talking , are 4. Do , talk, don’t

5. is doing, is doing homework

6. does, do, does , homework

综合练习:1.Mr Green _____(be) a worker. Now he ____(work) in the field. 2.Listen! Who_______(sing)?

3.What time ____ your brother usually _____(do) his homework?

4.Y ou can_______(come) here by bus.

5. Who ____(have) a ruler?

6.Are they_____(clean) the room?

7.-____ you____(eat) dinner? – Y es, we are.

8.Jack ____(have) a soccer ball, but he ____(not have) a basketball. 9._______Jim _______(like)______(run)?

10.They _____(be) from Canada. They______(not speak) Chinese. 11. He wants _________________(be) tall.

一. 将下列各词变成相应的现在分词形式read have clean wacth get begin make

swim wash play write sing dance ride eat give visit see put sit cook

二.选择

( )1. Look. Lucy is_____ a new bike today.

A. jumping

B. running

C. riding D takeing

( )2. The children _____ football.

A. is playing

B. are playing

C. play the

D. play a

( )3. They ______TV in the evening. They do their homework.

A. are watching

B. can’t watching

C. don’t watch

D. don’t watching

( )4. Listen! She____ in the classroom.

A. is singing

B. sing C .to sing D. is sing

( )5. Look! The children_______ basketball on the playground.

A. plays

B. played

C. is playing

D. are playing

( )6. Who _____ over there now?

A. singing

B. are sing

C. is singing

D. sing

( )7. It’s eight o’clock. The students _____ an English class.

A. have

B. having

C. is having

D. are having

( )8. Listen! The baby _____ in the next room.

A. crying

B. cried

C. is crying

D. cries

( )9. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters.

A. are wearing

B. wearing

C. are wear

D. is wearing

( )10. Don’t talk here. Grandparen ts _____.

A. is sleeping

B. are sleeping

C. sleeping

D. Sleep

( )11. We _____ music and often _____ to music.

A. like/ listen

B. likes/ listens

C. like/ are listening

( )12.Look!The twins_____their mother do the housework.

Aare wanting B help Care helping Dare looking

( )13._____are the birds doing? They are singing in a tree.

AWho BWhat CHow DWhere

( )14Jane ___ swimming every Sunday. But she ___ computer games now.

A goes; plays

B is going; is playong

C goes; is playing

( )15--Look! Maria ___ now.

--Well,she usually ___ after class.

A is singing; sings

B is singing; is singsing

C sings; is singing

三.按要求改写句子

1. The boy is playing basketball.

否定句:____________________________

一般疑问句:_________________________

肯定回答:____________否定回答:_________________

对― playing basketball‖提问:__________________________

对―The boy‖提问:_________________________

2. They are singing in the classroom.

否定句:___________________________

一般疑问句:_________________________

肯定回答:__________否定回答:_____________

对―singing‖提问:__________________________

对―in the classroom‖提问:__________________________

3. The birds are singing in the tree.(就划线部分提问)

4. The children are playing games near the house.(就划线部分提问)

5. She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)

6.The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)

四.用括号中动词的适当形式填空:

1. My parents _______(watch)TV now.

2. Look. Three boys _______(run).

3. What _______ your mother _______(do)now?

4. _______ your dog _______ now?(sleep)

5. _______ you _______(listen)to music? Yes, I am.

6. Listen, someone _______(sing)in the classroom.

7. ——Where is Zhang Yan?

——She _______(talk)with her teacher in the teacher’s office.

8.Her parents can _______. They are ___________now. (swim)

9.Listen! Joan is ______(sing) in the classroom. She often _______ (sing) there.

10. Where _____ you ______ (have) lunch every day?

一般过去时复习题

一般过去时态:英语中表示过去某时发生的动作或情况的时态是一般过去时。

1、标志: yesterday(昨天)、two days ago…(两天前…… )、last year…(去年…)、the other day(前几天)、once upon a time(很久以前)、just now(刚才)、in the old days(过去的日子里)、before liberation(解放前…)、When I was 8 years old(当我八岁时…)、at+一个时间点

2.、表现形式:动词过去式(规则变化和不规则变化两种)

3、规则变化:(1)一般情况+ed ,如pulled visit ed(2)以不发音e字母结尾的单词+d,如liked, dance d(3)以辅音字母+y结尾去y变i+ed,worried,studied(4)重读闭音节结尾的单词,末尾只有一个辅音字母双写词尾字母+ed,stopped,shopped

4.不规则变化参考不规则动词表

5、练习:

He a student.他曾是一名学生。否定句He a student.一般疑问句he a student?

肯定回答, .否定回答, .

They had a meeting last night.他们昨晚开了一个会。

否定句They a meeting last night. 一般疑问句they a meeting last night?

肯定回答, .否定回答, .

提问: they last night?

一、将下列动词变为过去式(规则动词和不规则动词)

1.look

2.live

3.stop

4.carry

5.hope

6.trip

7.call

8.finish

9.want 10.are 11.go 12.have 13.do 14.get https://www.doczj.com/doc/438222800.html,e 16.say 17.see 18.put 19.eat

20.take 21.read 22.catch 23.listen 24.arrive 25.plan

二、句型转换

1. The children had a good time in the park. (改为反意疑问句)

The children had a good time in the park, ___________ ___________ ?

2. There were about nine hundred people at the concert. ( 音乐会)

否定句:_______ __________about nine hundred people at the concert.

一般疑问句:________ __________ about nine hundred people at the concert?

对划线部分提问:______ ________ people_______ there at the concert?

3. There was only one problem.

否定句:______ _________ only one problem

一般疑问句:______ ______ only one problem?

4. Ann did her homework yesterday evening.

否定句:Ann ________ _______ her homework yesterday evening.

一般疑问句:______ Ann _______ her homework yesterday evening?

对划线部分提问:_______ _________ Ann do yesterday evening?

5. Last week I read an English book. (改为否定句)

Last week I _______ _________ an English book.

6. My brother was in the park just now.

否定句:My brother ______ in the park just now.

一般疑问句:______ _______ brother in the park just now?

对划线部分提问:_______ ________ your brother just now?

7. She had some bread( 面包) for lunch today.

否定句:She______ _______ ______ bread for lunch today.

一般疑问句:_______ she _______ any bread for lunch today?

对划线部分提问:_____ _____ she _______ for lunch today?

8. They read English last night. (改为否定句)They ______ _______ English last night.

三、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1.Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month.

2.Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night. So I _______ (get ) up late.

3.Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning.

4.There _________ (be) no one here a moment ago.

5.I ___________ (call) Mike this morning.

6.I listened but ___________ (hear) nothing.

7.Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year.

8.Last week we _________ (pick) many apples on the farm.

9.My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday.

10.She watches TV every evening. But she _______________ (not watch) TV last night.

11.________ your father ________ ( go ) to work every day last year?

12.-What time _____ you _____ (get) to Beijing yesterday?- We _____ (get) to Beijing at 9:00 in the evening.

13. What __________ (make) him cry (哭) just now?

14. Last year the teacher ___________ (tell) us that the earth moves around the sun.

15. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be)

16. There __________ not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)

17. There _____________ any hospitals (医院) in my hometown (家乡) in 1940. ( be not)

18. There ____________ en ough milk at home last week, wasn’t there?

19. Eli ____________ to Japan last week. ( move)

20. –When _______ you _________ (come) to china? - Last year.

21. Did she ________ (have) supper at home?

22. Jack ____________ (not clean) the room just now.

23. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?

24. How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?

25. It ________ (be) hot yesterday and most children _______ (be) outside.

26. There _____ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I ______ (have) no time to watch it.

27.. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

28. ______ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she ________.

29. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? He ______(watch) TV and _____(read) an interesting book.

30. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

31. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

32. When ______ you _______(write) this song? I _______(write) it last year.

33. My friend, Carol, ___________(study) for the math test and __________ (practice) English last night.

34. _____ Mr. Li _______(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _______.

35. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

36. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

37.、____you________(remember) to buy the oranges?

38.、Who_______(invent) the computer?

39.、We___(go) to the cinema last night. The film___(be) very good.

40、What time _____you___(get) to school this morning ?

41、Jim_____(do) a lot yesterday. He____(go) shopping and ___(cook) supper .

四、默写下列不规则动词的过去式

am,is are begin bring draw drink feel find buy can come do/does give eat get go have/has know let lose make meet pay put read run say see sell sing sit sleep speak spend swim take teach tell think wear will write

have/has与there be句型

1.I ____ (have) a cat.

2.He ____ (have) a dog.

3.She ____ (have) long hair.

4.We ____ (have) a big house.

5.They ____ (have) a happy family.

6.It ____ (have) a short tail.

7.Y ou ____ (have) a good teacher.

8.Elva ____ (have) two big eyes.

9.Tom ____ (have) a red pen. 10.My mother ____ (have) a beautiful nose.

11.Cats ____ (have) four legs. 12.Dogs ____ (have) two ears.

1. There isn’t _____water in the glass. Let’s go and get some.A. many B. lots C. any D. some

2. There ___a lot of news about Zhang Ziyi on TV last night.A. was B. had C. is D. were

3. There ____ many changes in the village recently. A. is B. are C. have been D. to be

4. ---There _______a lot of meat on the plate. Would you like some?

---Just a little, please. A. is B. are C. am D. be

5. There _______ some books, a ballpen and a ruler on the desk.

A. is

B. are

C. have

D. has

6. There _______ a ballpen, a ruler and some books on the desk.

A. is

B. are

C. have

D. has

7. There is a boy _______at the door.

A. stand

B. standing

C. stood

D. is standing

8. ---_______is in the house?

--- There is an old women in the house.

A. What

B. Whose

C. Who

D.Which

9. There used to be a tower here, _____?

A. usedn’t it

B. used there

C. didn’t it

D. didn’t there

10. There ____a meeting tonight.

A. is going be

B. is going to have

C. is going to

D. is going to be

名词单数变复数口诀

(一) 规则变化

名词单数变复数,直接加 -s 占多数;

s, x, z, ch, sh 来结尾,直接加上 -es;

词尾是 f 或 fe,加 -s 之前先变 ve;

辅母 + y 在词尾,把 y 变 i 再加 -es;

词尾字母若是 o,常用三个已足够,

要加 -es 请记好,hero, tomato, potato。

(二) 不规则变化

男人女人 a 变 e,鹅足牙 oo 变 ee;

老鼠虱婆也好记,ous 变 ic;

孩子加上 ren,鱼鹿绵羊不用变。

【解说】

1.英语名词有单数和复数的区别,单数表示“一”,复数表示“多于一。”名词由单数变复数,多数是规则的变,直接加-s,例如:book → books, girl → girls。

但以 -s, -ss, -z, -x,-ch, -sh 结尾的名词,变成复数时加 -es, 例如:bus → buses, class→classes buzz →buzzes, box → boxes, watch → watches, brush →brushes

以o结尾的名词,是加s构成的复数:kilo→kilos, piano→pianos, radio→radios, photo→photos, zoo→zoos

2. -f(e) 结尾的名词单数变复数歌诀:

①树叶半数自已黄,妻子拿刀去割粮,架后窜出一只狼,就像强盗逃命忙。

②妻子持刀去宰狼,小偷吓得发了慌,躲在架后保己命,半片树叶遮目光。

例如:leaf(树叶,叶子),half (一半),self (自已),wife (妻子),knife (刀子),shelf (架子),wolf (狼), thief (窃贼,强盗) 和 life(生命),这些名词变成复数时,都要改 -f (e) 为 v,再加 -es。

3. -f 结尾的名词直接加 -s

变复数歌诀:海湾边、屋顶上,首领奴仆两相望;谁说他们无信仰,证据写在手帕上。例如:gulf,roof, chief, serf, belief, proof,handkerchief,这些名词变复数直接加 -s。

注:scarf(围巾;披风) 可以先改 f 为 ve 再加-s,也可直接加 -s。

4. 辅音字母 + y 结尾的名词,把 y 变 i 加 -es。例如:baby →babies, country → countries, family →families;

而-y 前是元音时,-y 不变,直接加 -s。例如:day → days, boy → boys

5. 以 -o 结尾的名词变复数时,多数直接加 -s。例如:radio → radios,

piano → pianos, kangaroo → kangaroos;有的须加-es,可以通过一句口诀来记忆:黑人英雄爱吃西红柿和土豆。即:Negro→ Negroes, hero → heroes, tomato → tomatoes, potato → potatoes;

有的以 o 结尾的名词既可加 -s 也可加-es。例如:volcano (火山) → volcanos / volcanoes 等。

6. 名词复数的不规则变化需要特别记忆。例如:man → men, woman →women, goose → geese, foot → feet, tooth → teeth ,mouse → mice, louse (虱子) → lice, child → children, fish → fish, deer (鹿) → deer, sheep → sheep 等。

7. 表示“某国人”的名词复数形式变化可通过歌诀记忆:

中日不变英法变,其余 -s加后面。

例如:1)Chinese → Chinese, Japanese →Japanese;

2)Englishman → Englishmen, Englishwoman →Englishwomen,

Frenchman → Frenchmen, Frenchwoman →Frenchwomen;

3)American → Americans, Russian →Russians, Arab → Arabs, German → Germans 等。

8.不可数名词一般只有单数形式,没有复数形式。有些不可数名词可借助单位词表示一定的数量。例如:a cupof tea 一杯茶, two pieces of paper 两张纸, an item of news 一则新闻

9.复合名词的复数形式: editor-in-chief→editors-in-chief, Daughter-in-law→daughters-in-law, grown-up→grown-ups

Woman teacher→women teachers, man driver→men drivers

10.注意一下几个名词单复数问题

1)物质名词一般不用复数形式,但有些物质名词要用复数形式来表示不同的类别,如fish(鱼肉)→fishes(各种鱼),fruit(水果)→fruits(各种水果)

Steel(钢铁/材)→steels(各种钢材)

2)有些抽象名词的复数形式表示不同的含义:

Arm(手臂)→arms(军火), glass(玻璃)→glasses(眼镜),

Cloth(布)→clothes(衣服), water(水)→waters(水域,海洋等)

Force(力量)→forces(军队), game(游戏)→games(运动会),

paper(纸张)→papers(报纸), people(人,人们)→peoples(民族),manner(方式)→manners(礼貌),time(时间)→times(时代),

spirit(精神)→spirits(心情), sand(沙)→sands(沙漠),

interest(兴趣) →interests(利益), Work(工作)→works(著作),

coffee(咖啡)→coffees(几杯咖啡)

名词单复数练习

1)选择填空

1. They come from different ______

A. country

B. countries

C. a country

D. countrys

2. How many ______ do you see in the picture?

A. tomatos

B. tomatoes

C. tomato

D. the tomato

3. They are______.

A . woman teachers B. women teachers

C. women teacher

D. woman teacher

4. Would you like _______ ,please?

A. two glass of water

B. two glasses of water

C. two glass of waters

D. two glasses of waters

5. Most of ______ live in _______.

A. Germans, German

B. German, Germen

C. Germen, Germany

D. Germans, Germany

6. There are some ______ in these _______.

A.knifes…pencil-boxes

B.knives…pencils-box

C.knives…pencil-box

D.knives…pencils-boxes

7. ______ like ______ by air.

A. Greens, travelling

B. The Green, traveling

C. The Greens, travel

D. The Greens, traveling

8. I wonder why ______ are interested in action films(武打片).

A. the people

B. people

C. peoples

D. the peoples

9. There is no ______ in the plate.

A. apples

B. oranges

C. rice

D. eggs

2).填入所给名词的正确形式

1. I have two_____ (knife)

2. There are many _____ here. (box)

3. There are many _____ on the road. (bus)

4. A few _____ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The _____ are playing football now. (child)

句型转换

一.含有be动词的肯定句变一般疑问句和否定句,以及一般疑问句的回答。二.含有情态动词的肯定句变一般疑问句和否定句,以及一般疑问句的回答。

练习:把下列句子变成一般疑问句和否定句

1. I am listening to music.

2. Mike is a student.

3. Mary can clean the classroom.

4. They are in the zoo.

5. There are some flowers in the vase.

6. This is my sister.

7. We are sweeping the floor.

练习:把下列句子改为一般疑问句和否定句。

1. We need some masks.[mɑ:sk]面具, 面罩

2. They like making the puppet. [/p?pit]木偶, 玩偶

3. Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house.

4. I put a book on my head.

5. They sing “In the classroom” together.

6. We play basketball on Sundays.

7. Tom likes listening to music.

8. I have a telescope. [/telisk?up]望远镜

9. Mike has(have 的第三人称单数现在式)a pot[p?t]罐, 锅, 壶

10. She has some blankets[/bl??kit]毛毯.

句型转换。(12分)

1. We have some oranges.(改为否定句)

2. They are teachers.[/ti:t??]教师(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

3. I go to school at six thirty. (改为一般疑问句)

4. Mr Black comes from Australia[?s/treilj?]澳大利亚. (改为一般疑问句)

5. There are some reading rooms(阅览室)in our school. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

5. The boy can make a puppet[/p?pit]木偶. (改为否定句)

6. He often reads English in the morning. (改为否定句)

7. I play basketball[/bɑ:skitb?:l]篮球 with my friends after school. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

8. My brother went to the park last Saturday. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

9. People usually dress up in costumes[/k?stju:m]服装at Halloween.[/h?l?u/i:n] (改为否定句)

初中英语语法大全知识点总结

英语语法大全 初中英语语法 学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.):表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.):主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(num.):表示数目或事物的顺序。如:one, two, three, first, second, third, fourth. 5、动词(v.):表示动作或状态。如:am, is,are,have,see . 6、副词(adv.):修饰动词、形容词或其他副词,说明时间、地点、程度等。如:now, very, here, often, quietly, slowly. 7、冠词(art..):用在名词前,帮助说明名词。如:a, an, the. 8、介词(prep.):表示它后面的名词或代词与其他句子成分的关系。如in, on, from, above, behind. 9、连词(conj.):用来连接词、短语或句子。如and, but, before . 10、感叹词(interj..)表示喜、怒、哀、乐等感情。如:oh, well, hi, hello. 2、句子成分:英语句子成分分为七种:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、表语、宾语补足语。 1、主语是句子所要说的人或事物,回答是“谁”或者“什么”。通常用名词或代词担任。如:I’m Miss Green.(我是格林小姐) 2、谓语动词说明主语的动作或状态,回答“做(什么)”。主要由动词担任。如:Jack cleans the room every day. (杰克每天打扫房间) 3、表语在系动词之后,说明主语的身份或特征,回答是“什么”或者“怎么样”。通常由名词、代词 或形容词担任。如:My name is Ping ping .(我的名字叫萍萍) 4、宾语表示及物动词的对象或结果,回答做的是“什么”。通常由名词或代词担任。如:He can spell the word.(他能拼这个词) 有些及物动词带有两个宾语,一个指物,一个指人。指物的叫直接宾语,指人的叫间接宾语。间 接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面。如:He wrote me a letter . (他给我写了一封信) 有时可把介词to或for加在间接宾语前构成短语,放在直接宾语后面,来强调间接宾语。如: He wrote a letter to me . (他给我写了一封信) 5、定语修饰名词或代词,通常由形容词、代词、数词等担任。如:

初一英语语法及主要知识点归纳总结

初一英语语法及主要知 识点归纳总结 Pleasure Group Office【T985AB-B866SYT-B182C-BS682T-STT18】

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