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中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案经典

中考英语阅读理解测试题及答案经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.阅读理解

As far back as he could remember, Larry had wanted to go to Hollywood and become a film star. The young man's hopes for success were broken again and again. However, Hollywood was just everything to him. When he first came to California? Larry had decided never to give up and return home without success. Therefore, he kept on trying. "Some day," he told himself, "my big chance would come."

Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurants. His pay was low, but since the guests were kind enough to give him more money, he managed to make a living. One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture.

Larry got into the car and prepared to drive it on into the lot and park it. Then he stopped, jumped out, and ran over to the director. "Excuse me, sir, but I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me." Instead of pushing away the boy, the director laughed, then wrote something on a card and handed it to the young man. "Come and see me tomorrow."

Larry got a small part in the director's next film. He was on his way!

(1)It's clear that Larry's job—parking cars ________.

A. helped him make a lot of money

B. brought him the hope to be a film star

C. made him fail again and again in getting into Hollywood

D. gave him few chances to meet stars

(2)The film director asked Larry to meet him the next day because _______.

A. he needed a driver very much

B. Larry would become a star

C. some big companies would give him a job

D. Larry expressed his hope in a wise way

(3)We can learn from the story that _______.

A. the film director knew Larry's hard experience before

B. Larry managed to be a part in the new film

C. the job parking cars could bring young people everything

D. the new film was not so important for the director

(4)"He was on his Way" refers to the fact that _______.

A. he gave up and returned home

B. he began to work towards success

C. he drove the director's car to Hollywood

D. he had a long way to go to be in the film

(5)The story mainly wants to tell us _______.

A. it was hard for Larry, to find a job in a restaurant in Hollywood

B. Larry was so lucky to meet the director in the parking lot

C. why Larry could remember many things before

D. how Larry succeeded- in his new life in Hollywood

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)B

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事。

(1)推理题。根据Larry found a job—parking cars at one of Hollywood's big restaurant 拉里找到了一份工作——在好莱坞的一家大餐馆停车One day he recognized an important film director driving into the parking lot and getting out of his car. Larry had recently heard that the man was ready to make a new picture一天,他认出了一位重要的电影导演,他开车进了停车场,下了车。拉里最近听说这个人准备拍一张新照片可知,很明显拉里停车的工作是给他带来了成为电影明星的希望,故选B。

(2)推理题。根据I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture. A lot of big companies are after me."我想告诉你现在或者永远都不会是你想让我出现在你的下一张照片里才是公平的。许多大公司都在追我可知,电影导演让拉里第二天见他,因为拉里以明智的方式表达了他的希望,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据Larry got a small part in the director's next film可知,拉里设法在这部新电影中扮演了一个角色,故选B。

(4)推理题。根据拉里在导演的下一部电影中扮演了一个小角色可知,He was on his Way是他开始走向成功,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据本文介绍了Larry在好莱坞寻求机会的故事可知本文讲述拉里是如何成功的——在好莱坞的新生活中,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

2.阅读理解

Denies Walme in Texas, USA, now 14 years old, published his best-seller Unbending Gisula eight years ago. The book is about a little whale named Gisul.

One day, Gisula did not take his mother's words and went up the beach. Then he got lost and had to learn to live by himself. The colour pictures were drawn by Denies himself. Denies published the books at the age of six He is said to be the youngest writer and picture artist.

Another surprising thing about the book is that it became a best seller immediately after it was published and brought him a lot of money. Because he spent much time writing the books, his study was not very good and he had to learn the year's work again but his gift of writing is highly praised by the teachers and student. And he was even invited to give talks on writing.

But Denies does not want to be a writer. He said, 'I like planes most. I dream of becoming a pilot someday.'

(1)From the story we can learn that Denies__________.

A. published his Unbending Gisula at the age of 14

B. wants to be a writer when he grows up

C. drew the pictures for his own book

D. does not go to school anymore

(2)What Denies liked most is________.

A. writing stories

B. drawing pictures

C. whales

D. planes (3)When did Denies publish the books?

A. At the age of six

B. At the age of eight

C. At the age of sixteen

D. I don't know.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

【解析】【分析】大意:本文主要介绍作者丹尼斯个人的一些基本情况以及他的最畅销的书,他虽然学习怎么好,但是他善于写作,他梦想将来能成为一名飞行员,他的书主要介绍一只小鲸鱼,有一天小鲸鱼Gisula不听妈妈的话,爬上了海滩。然后迷路不得不独自生活的故事。

(1)细节题。根据The colour pictures were drawn by Denies himself.可知,通过这个故事我们知道丹尼斯为自己的书画画,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据I like planes most.可知,丹尼斯最喜欢飞机,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据now 14 years old, published his best-seller Unbending Gisula eight years ago. 丹尼斯现在14岁,他的最畅销的书是8年前出版的,可知,他那是才6岁,故选A。【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案。

3.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

A

Some people think only school children do not agree with their parents, however, it is not true. Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages. If it's hard for you to communicate with your parents, don't worry about it. Here are some suggestions for you to bridge generation gap(代沟).

Don't argue with your parents. Don't get to your parents when you are angry. Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you are shouting at them You can't express(表达)yourself well if you are angry. Go to some place to cool off. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents. If you don't think you can speak to them at the moment, try writing a letter.

Try to reach a compromise (和解). Perhaps you and your parents disagree(有分歧) on something. You can keep your disagreement and try your best to accept each other. Michael's mother didn't agree with him about buying a car. They argued over it, but finally they came to a compromise. Michael bought the car, but only drove it on certain days.

Of course your parents might refuse to compromise on something. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect (尊敬) to them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong.

Talk about your values. The values of your parents are probably different from those of your

own. Tell your parents what you care about, and why. Understanding your values might help them see your purposes in life.

A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. It is worth having a try.

(1)From the passage we know_______ have a communication problem.

A. parents and children of all ages

B. children and other people

C. parents and their school children

D. teachers and their students

(2)How many pieces of advice does the writer give us to bridge the generation gap?

A. 5

B. 4

C. 3

D. 2

(3)The underlined phrase "cool off" in the passage means_______.

A. make yourself happy

B. make yourself quiet and relaxed

C. become angry

D. go away

(4)If the values of your parents are different from those of yours, you'd better_______.

A. argue with them

B. keep away from them

C. agree with them all the time

D. tell your parents what you care about

(5)The best title for the passage is_______.

A. How to Bridge the Generation Gap

B. How to Deal with Family Problems

C. How to Be Good Parents

D. How to Be a Good Child

【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】父子之间有代沟,主要原因就是缺少沟通,当我们彼此了解了对方的观点和想法以后,就能很容易的理解对方,从而消除代沟。

(1)细节理解,根据文中语句“Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages.”理解可知。父母和孩子之间的沟通问题在任何年龄段都存在,故选A。

(2)理解归纳,通读文中语句理解可知,作者给我们提了三条建议,故选C。

(3)词义理解,根据You can't express(表达)yourself well if you are angry. Go to some place to cool off. Make sure you understand why you are unhappy.可知生气的时候不能表达你自己,找个地方冷静冷静,让自己明白为什么不开心。所以cool off意思是“冷静下来”故选B。

(4)细节理解,根据文中语句“The values of your parents are probably different from those of

your own. Tell your parents what you care about, and why.”理解可知。让父母了解你的价值观,可以帮助父母更加的了解你,故选D。

(5)主旨大意,通读全文中的语句理解可知,本文主要介绍怎样消除代沟的建议,第一段最后一句Here are some suggestions for you to bridge generation gap(代沟).是本文的中心句,故选A。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

B

People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. So how do we deal with our problems? There are many ways and here is one of them

Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. Perhaps they said something you didn't like, or you felt they were unfair. Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost.

When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together. Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other. However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us to learn.(1)What is the writer?

A. A shopkeeper.

B. A doctor.

C. A student.

D. A dentist.

(2)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. How to deal with problems.

B. How to do at school.

C. How to behave with families.

D. How to talk to each other.

(3)What will happen if people stay angry for long according to the text?

A. They feel unfair.

B. They may get sick.

C. Good friendship may be lost.

D. They may miss each other.

(4)Children decide not to talk to each other probably because_______.

A. they become unhappy

B. they have different ideas

C. they worry about a small problem

D. they want disagreements

(5)From the passage, we know an important lesson for us is

A. playing together

B. learning to forget

C. staying angry

D. feeling unfair

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】人与人之间难免会有磕磕碰碰,相处的时候出现了问题怎么办?本文告诉我们怎样处理与人相处时的问题。

⑴推理判断l.根据第一段Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school. 可知作者是一个学生。不是店主、医生或牙医。故选C。

⑵主旨大意。根据文章第一段People all have problems. If we don't deal with these problems, we can easily become unhappy. 可知问题讨论如何处理问题,故选A。

⑶根据Sometimes people can stay angry for years about a small problem. Time goes by, and good friendship may be lost可知为小事长时间生气会失去好朋友。故选C。

⑷根据 Sometimes they have disagreements, and decide not to talk to each other.可知小孩不说话是因为他们有分歧。故选B。

⑸归纳总结。根据最后一句话This is an important lesson for us to learn. 可知长时间生气不好,所以要学会遗忘。故选B。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

It's hard to turn down a tasty banana. They taste good and you don't have to wash them before eating them. However, British scientists say that the fruit may disappear by 2050.

One reason for this is climate(气候) change. Scientists at the University of Exeter collected data(数据)from 27 countries and regions that produce 86 percent of the world's bananas. They found that climate change has improved growing conditions in 21 of these countries. In the past 60 years, the average yield(平均产量) has reached 1.37 tons of bananas per hectare(公顷).

However, if temperatures keep rising, this advantage will disappear. Ten of the countries, including India, the world's biggest producer of bananas, will produce fewer bananas. By 2050, the fruit may die out.

Shouldn't bananas grow more easily if it's hotter outside? In fact, the perfect temperature range for growing bananas is between 24 and 32 C. If temperatures get too high, they will stop growing.

Diseases are another danger to bananas. Unlike other crops, the bananas we grow come from shoot cuttings(茎段)rather than seeds. This means that all banana plants have the same genotype(基因型). In other words, if a disease is able to kill one plant, it could kill them all.

One serious disease is called Panama. Caused by fungus(真菌) in the soil, it spreads easily. It has spread across South Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Australia. If one banana plantation(种植园)suffers from the disease, it will take 30 years until it is able to grow bananas again.

Scientists have yet to find a cure for this disease.

(1)What does the underlined word "this" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. People's love for bananas.

B. The taste of bananas.

C. The convenience of eating bananas.

D. The future disappearance of bananas.

(2)What might happen if temperatures keep going higher?

A. More countries will start to grow bananas.

B. Bananas will grow better in most countries.

C. Bananas will not be able to grow any more.

D. Bananas won't be as tasty as before.

(3)What does Paragraph 5 tell us?

A. What diseases bananas may suffer from.

B. How bananas are grown.

C. How diseases can easily kill bananas.

D. Which diseases can kill bananas.

(4)The passage is written to ________.

A. offer tips for growing bananas

B. explain why bananas may die out

C. show the difficulties of growing bananas

D. describe bananas' growing conditions

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了香蕉可能消失的原因。

(1)推断题。根据前句However, British scientists say that the fruit may disappear by 2050.可知介绍了香蕉可能消失的原因,所以this代指香蕉消失,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据However, if temperatures keep rising, this advantage will disappear. Ten of the countries, including India, the world's biggest producer of bananas, will produce fewer bananas. By 2050, the fruit may die out可知温度持续上升,香蕉将更少,最终可能消失,即不能生长,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Diseases are another danger to bananas.可知疾病是香蕉的另一个危险,即疾病是怎样杀死香蕉的,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了香蕉可能消失的原因,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

What problems do the teenagers probably have?Here is a survey showing their main problems:

Problems Causes Advice

Feeling stressed Too much homework. Don't

have enough time for their

hobbies.

Make a plan for study and hobbies. Find time

to relax as possible as you can.

Getting shortsighted Too much homework. Bad reading and writing habits. Do homework and read in a correct way. Fights Don't know how to get on well with classmates. Make more friends and understand each

other. Share your problems with them.

Feeling tired of study

Computer games' bad influence. Don't be crazy about computer games. Play

them just for a short time when you want to

relax. Getting fat Have a lot of pocket money to buy snacks. Dislike doing exercise.

Use your pocket money to do something

meaningful. Spend some time doing exercise

every day. (1)What problems are caused by too much homework?

A. Feeling stressed and fights.

B. Feeling tired of study and getting fat.

C. Feeling stressed and getting short-sighted.

D. Getting short-sighted and feeling tired of study.

(2)If Simon is feeling stressed, he should .

A. do much more homework

B. make a plan to spend time on study and hobbies

C. donate his pocket money to Project Hope

D. buy some snacks

(3)Peter is tired of study, maybe because he .

A. has no close friends

B. has no pocket money

C. plays too many computer games

D. gets fatter and fatter

(4) is a good way for teenagers to stop fights.

A. Doing less homework

B. Playing computer games

C. Learning how to make friends

D. Paying no attention to each other

【答案】 (1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)C

【解析】【分析】主要讲了关于青少年可能有的问题的一项调查结果。

(1)细节题。根据Feeling stressed Too much homework.Don't have enough time for their hobbies.Getting shortsighted Too much homework. Bad reading and writing habits.可知太多的作业会导致感觉有压力和变近视,故选C 。

(2)细节题。根据第一行Advice Make a plan for study and hobbies.可知制定学习和爱好计划,故选B 。

(3)细节题。根据Feeling tired of study Computer games' bad influence.可知厌恶学习的原因是电脑的坏的影响,故选C 。

(4)细节题。根据Fights Make more friends and understand each other.可知交更多的朋友和相互理解可以阻止打架,故选C 。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

Great changes have taken place in family life because of science and industry(工业). In the past, when most Americans lived on farms, the typical family had many children. In a farm family, parents and their children often lived with grandparents. Usually, uncles and aunts lived nearby. But when industry became more important than agriculture in American life, families became smaller because industry requires workers who are ready and able to move off the land and move again whenever necessary. And large families cannot move from place to place as smaller families. So, at present people tend to have smaller families.

In the future, because of industrialization, a typical family will be required to move even more often than now, so families will be even smaller. The typical family may remain childless and consist only of a man and a woman. A small number of families may take raising children as their chief work. At the same time they may also raise other people's children, leaving those families free to move from job to job.

(1)Which of the following topics is discussed in the passage?

A. The development of science and industry in America.

B. The influence of science and industry on American families.

C. Harmful effect of industrialization.

D. Social problems resulting from the highly-developed science and industry in America.

(2)What kinds of families are described in the passage?

A. Families of the past and the present.

B. Families of the present and the future.

C. Families of the past and the future.

D. Families of the past, the present and the future.(3)What is one of the reasons that families are getting smaller in America?

A. Children tend to leave their parents and grandparents when they grow up.

B. People stop caring for children.

C. The need for workers who are able to move at any time has been increasing.

D. Both old and young people prefer to live by themselves.

(4)What can you infer from the passage?

A. Science and industry have caused thousands of families to split(破裂).

B. Children do not live with their parents or grandparents.

C. Large families can hardly survive in modern society.

D. Americans are very choosy about their jobs.

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:由于工业的发展,家庭也受到了影响,原来的家庭孩子多,而现在的家庭孩子少,由于工业的发展家庭会总是搬动,有的家庭只有一个孩子或者没有孩子。

(1)细节理解题,根据Great changes have taken place in family life because of

science and industry(工业).可知家庭受到了科学和工业发展的影响,故答案是B。(2)细节理解题,根据文章内容可知,短文涉及到了过去的家庭,现在的家庭和将来的家庭,故答案是D。

(3)细节理解题,根据In the future, because of industrialization, a typical family will be required to move even more often than now, so families will be even smaller. 可知对于工人们能够随时搬动的需求,所以家庭变得原来越小,故答案是C。

(4)逻辑推理题,根据文章内容可知,工人们可能会随时要搬家,大的家庭就没有这样的便捷,所以大家庭就不适于生存在现代的社会,故答案是C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,由已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

8.阅读理解

Many years ago, there lived an old man with his three sons, Dharma, Harrison and Keith, in a village. The man worked hard when he was young, so he had the largest farmyard and the most beautiful house in the village. However, his sons were all born to be lazy, which made him disappointed. He was worried that his sons would use up his money and starve to death.

One day, the old man came up with a plan. He called his sons and said to them, "Look, my dear sons. There is lots of hidden gold in the land at the farmyard. If you work together, you may find it."

In a wish to find out the gold, his sons worked hard from the morning to the evening digging and digging all through the land. Three days had passed, but they didn't find what they were looking for. They got frustrated and angry. They decided to give up and returned to ask their father.

"There is no gold in the land. We are cheated."

"Since the land has been dug soft, why don't you plant some crops there?" was the reply of the father to the sons.

Off went the sons. Soon the whole once useless land was rich crops.

"This is the real gold, my sons," said the proud father.

(1)What do we know about the old man?

A. He was the richest in his village.

B. He was unable to feed his family.

C. He loved daughters more than sons.

D. He was quite successful as a farmer.

(2)Why did the old man ask his sons to dig the land?

A. He was too old to do it himself.

B. He didn't have money.

C. He decided to teach his sons an important lesson.

D. He didn't want other people to set foot on his land.

(3)Why did his sons agree to dig the land?

A. They wanted to help their father.

B. They wanted to grow their own crops.

C. They didn't want to be lazy any more.

D. They wanted to find the hidden gold.

(4)What can we learn from the end of the story?

A. The old man had achieved his goal.

B. The three sons were still as lazy as before.

C. The sons were quite angry with their father.

D. The old man was still worried about his sons.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意;从前有一个老人,有三个儿子,但是三个儿子都很懒惰,于是老人想了一个办法,告诉他的儿子,他们地里埋藏着财宝,于是儿子们就翻遍了左右的地,但是啥也没有找到。老人在翻过的地上种上庄稼,说这才是真正的珍宝。

(1)细节理解题,根据文章内容The man worked hard when he was young, so he had the largest farmyard and the most beautiful house in the village.可知老人是一个成功的农民,故答案是D。

(2)逻辑推理题,根据This is the real gold, my sons,"可知,老人这样做的目的是为了给孩子们上一课,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据In a wish to find out the gold, his sons worked hard from the morning to the evening digging and digging all through the land.可知,儿子们为了找到金子而使劲地挖地,故答案是D。

(4)逻辑推理题,根据文章内容可知,儿子们把地翻好了,他能种庄稼了,所以他的目的也就达到了,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和逻辑推理题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;逻辑推理题需要结合具体语境,有已知内容推出未知的可能的事实。

9.阅读理解

Will it matter if you don't take your breakfast?A short time ago, a test was given in the United States. People of different ages, from 12 to 83, were asked to have a test. During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Scientists wanted to see how. Well their bodies worked when they had eaten different kinds of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast. If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.

The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose weight. This is because people become so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch. They will gain weight instead of losing it. You will lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.(1)During the test, the people were given .

A. no breakfast at all

B. different foods or nothing

C. too much food

D. little food for breakfast

(2)The results show that .

A. breakfast has a great effect on work and studies

B. breakfast has little to do with a person's work

C. a person will work better if he or she only has fruit and milk

D. girl students should have little for breakfast

(3)According to the passage, some people think that if you don't have breakfast you will .

A. be healthier

B. work better

C. lose weight

D. lose your way (4)The underlined word "reduce" in the last sentence means" "in Chinese.

A. 增加

B. 减少

C. 放弃

D. 享用

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文中通过一个调查,讲述了吃早饭对人们工作、身体状况的影响,以及合理吃早饭的好处。

(1)细节理解题。根据During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all.可知参加测试的人有时吃丰富的早饭,有时不吃早饭。故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中第二段The results show that if a person eats right breakfasts, he or she will work better than the person who has no breakfast.If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.可知吃不吃早餐对人们的学习和工作影响很大,对身体状况影响也非常大,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据第三段The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help you lose weight.可知一些人认为不吃早饭能减肥,故选C。(4)词意猜测题。根据lose more weight ,可知是减重,根据常识可知减重需要减少饭量,因此reduce的意思是减少,故选B。

【点评】本题考查阅读理解,考查了细节理解题和词意猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想,并根据上下文的逻辑关系,进行推理,归纳,从而选出正确答案。

10.阅读理解

A young man with a large bag on his back came far away for a master (大师). He said "Master, I'm so lonely and so painful that the long trip makes me tired out, my shoes worn-out, my feet cut, and my hands also injured an bleeding .... Why can't I find the sun in the heart?"

The master asked, "What do you put in you large bag?"

The young man said, "It is very important to me, inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... Depending on it, I can come to you here."

So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat. On the other side of the river, the master said, "Hurry on your journey carrying the boat!"

"What, carrying the boat?" the young man was surprised, "it is so heavy. How can I carry it?"

"Yes, my son, you can't carry it," the master just smiled and said, "when you cross the river, the boat is useful. But after crossing it, you will put down the boat and hurry on, If not, it will become a burden (负担). Pain, loneliness and tears—all these are useful to life. They can improve life, but if you don't forget them all the time, they will become the burden in life. Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden," The young man put down his bag and hurried on. He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.

(1)What do the underlined words "the sun" probably mean?

A. Health.

B. Wealth.

C. Success.

D. Happiness.

(2)What's in his large bag?

A. Clothes, tears and food.

B. Pain, tears and trouble.

C. Clothes, food and water.

D. Pain, water and trouble.

(3)How did they cross the river?

A. By boat.

B. On foot.

C. By swimming.

D. Across the bridge.

(4)Why did the master ask him to carry the boat?

A. To teach him to improve his life.

B. To tell him the boat is very useful.

C. To tell him the boat is very important.

D. To teach him to put down his burden.

(5)How did the young man feel after he put down his bag at last?

A. Awful.

B. Painful.

C. Relaxed.

D. Surprised.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述疼痛,孤独和泪水都对我们很有用,它们可以改善我们的生活,但是如果一直不能忘记,它们就会成为我们生活中的负担,因此要学会适当的放弃负担的故事。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Why can't I find the sun in the heart?" inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,为什么我心中不能发现太阳,在它里面是我每次摔跤的痛苦,受伤的泪水孤独时的忧愁,可推出the sun在此处的意思是“不开心”,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据inside it including the pain each time I fall, the tears each time I'm hurt, the trouble each time I feel lonely ... 可知,他袋子里装了痛苦,眼泪和忧愁,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据So the master took the young man to the river which they crossed in a boat.可知,他们坐船过河,故选A。

(4)细节题。根据Put it down! My son, life can't bear(承受) a heavy burden,可知,通过背着船过河是为了教他放弃负担。故选D。

(5)推断题。根据He walked easily and happily, and much faster than before.可知,他放下包后感到轻松。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、推断题和词义猜测题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;词句猜测题需要联系

上下文,推出词句的意思。

11.阅读理解

Willow Shields is an American film and television actress. She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. She has a twin sister and an elder brother. Willow is a very beautiful girl. She has golden hair, big eyes and sweet smiles.

Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister. In the film, she played the role of a little girl watching a gun fight. Her most famous role is Prim in the movie The Hunger Games. She worked hard for the movie and she read the book carefully before acting. Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her." Shields continued in her role until November, 2015, when the final of four movies of The Hunger Games series came out.

Because Willow is always busy, she is home schooled. She makes use of every chance to enrich herself. She especially loves reading. Besides, she is warm-hearted. In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.

(1)Willow Shields is ______________ years old now.

A. 6

B. 10

C. 12

D. 18

(2)Willow Shields acted in her first film with ______________.

A. her twin sister

B. her director

C. her brother

D. her best friend (3)From the director's words, we know that ______________.

A. Willow Shields is a lucky girl

B. the director is pleased with Willow

C. Willow Shields is a television actress

D. Willow Shields is a girl from New Mexico

(4)Willow Shields often ______________ in her free time.

A. goes to an amusement park

B. goes abroad with her friends

C. helps some homeless families

D. hangs out in a shopping mall

(5)Which of the following is TRUE about Willow Shields?

A. She has a brother and two sisters.

B. She gets to school every weekday.

C. She played a role in Harry Potter in 2008.

D. She acted in a film for the first time when she was 8.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了美国电影和电视女演员——Willow Shields。

(1)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque可知出生在2000年6月1日,所以现在18岁了,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据She has a twin sister.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister.可知她有一个双胞胎姐妹,并且在第一个电影中和双胞胎姐

妹表演,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据Willow did so well that the director said, "It's so exciting to find an amazing young actress like her. We're very lucky to have her."可知Willow说:“找到一个像她一样的年轻女演员是令人兴奋的,我们非常幸运有她”,可知导演对她感到满意,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据In her free time, she often volunteers to send out food to homeless families.可知在空闲时间她经常志愿给无家可归的人发放食物,即帮助无家可归的人,故选C。

(5)细节题。根据She was born on June 1st, 2000 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.Willow got her first job in 2008 and she acted in a 7-minute short film with her sister可知出生在2000年,在2008年得到第一份工作,即和双胞胎姐妹表演7分钟英语短片,当时是8岁,故选D。【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

12.阅读理解

It's 10 am on a school day morning in Shanghai and students are standing in lines on the playground, doing their morning exercises. As a teacher at the front calls out, "Yi, er, san, si..." the students extend their arms, then bring them to their chests; bend their knees, then straighten up. Many of the students seem bored.

Meanwhile, in a primary school in Xiangyang, Hubei Province, students are dancing to pop music. Which would you rather do?

Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操)have been a part of Chinese life. The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)! These "aunties" dance on public squares each evening, often driving neighbours crazy with their loud music. But it is good exercise and they are having fun. So, why shouldn't students be allowed to follow their example?

Well, on the Internet, most posters said dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang looked funny. One poster said that calisthenics were old-fashioned and that "the organized movements leave no room for personal freedom".

Fitness is essential for young people. Too much study and too much computer time are making many young Chinese fat and unfit, so it's important that they become more active. And being active is the key, even if that means doing away with calisthenics and, instead, dancing like damas.(1)The first paragraph mainly tells us that ______________.

A. students' school life is colourful in Shanghai

B. morning exercises are helpful to students' health

C. many students feel bored about morning exercises

D. PE is important to school students

(2)The underlined word "Meanwhile" means" ______________"in Chinese.

A. 反之

B. 同时

C. 总之

D. 幸运的是(3)How long have morning calisthenics been in Chinese schools?

A. For 20 years.

B. For over 60 years.

C. Since last year.

D. Since 1951 years ago.(4)What do most people think of dancing in the primary school in Xiangyang?

A. Funny.

B. Helpful.

C. Boring.

D. Hard.

(5)What is the best title for the passage?

A. After-class activities

B. Colourful school life

C. A history of morning exercises

D. Dancing like damas

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。(1)细节题。根据Many of the students seem bored.可知许多学生对早晨已经厌倦了,故选C。

(2)推断题。根据前后句可知一所学校在做早操,而另一所学校在和着流行音乐跳舞,所以meanwhile意思是同时,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据Since 1951, morning calisthenics(健身操) have been a part of Chinese life.可知自从1951年,健身操已经成为中国人生活的一部分,所以已经有60多年的历史了,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据The school in Xiangyang wanted to make morning exercises more fun, so it looked to a group of people who seemed to really enjoy exercising damas(大妈)!可知大部分人认为跳舞是有趣的,故选A。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了学生们应该像大妈一样跳舞锻炼,而不是仅仅做健身操。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

13.阅读理解

Fiona likes to listen to music. She likes to listen to classical music. Now she is listening to Beethoven's Symphony(交响曲) No. 5. The music is about fate knocking on the door. Fate is the unseen power of life. Fate changes our lives. Fate designs our lives. Fiona likes this music. She feels the power of music.

Suddenly, somebody knocks on her door. She goes to the door and opens it. There is a man at the door. The man is old. He has grey hair and a grey beard (胡须). She doesn't know who the person is. The man says he is her father. She closes the door in front of the man. She stays at the door and thinks. She has a father. But he is dead. She doesn't know the man at the door. She doesn't understand why he says he is her father. She wants to call the police. Just then she can see a photo under the door. The man is giving her a photo. She looks at the photo. She can see herself with a man she doesn't know. It is her because she took many photos when she was a young girl. Is the man who is standing in front of her door her father? She must find the answer. She opens the door. She asks the man whether he is lying or not. The man tells her he is telling

the truth. She invites him for a cup of coffee. They sit down and drink coffee. They start talking about life. He tells her everything that he knows. She listens. Sometimes she is surprised. Sometimes she cries. Sometimes she laughs. They are listening to Beethoven. This time it is not fate, but her father who is knocking on the door.

(1)What kind of music does Fiona like?

A. Folk music.

B. Pop music.

C. Rock and roll.

D. Classical music.(2)Why does Fiona open the door again?

A. Because the man gives her a photo of her and her father.

B. Because she realizes the man standing outside is her father.

C. Because she wants to know whether the man is her father.

D. Because she wants to listen to the man's stories.

(3)How does Fiona feel during the talk with the man?

A. Surprised.

B. Sad.

C. Happy.

D. A, B&C

(4)Where can you find this passage?

A. In a music book.

B. In a storybook.

C. In a sports book.

D. In a science book.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述主人公菲奥娜在听贝多芬的第五首歌的时候,她听到门外有敲门声,她打开门却意外地有人叫她为女儿,她感到很吃惊,爸爸明明已故,但是此时的这个所谓“爸爸”的男人又似曾相识,打开门后两人谈了许多往事,往事让菲奥娜有时吃惊,有时哭泣,有时微笑,最后他们一起听贝多芬的歌曲,最好父女相认。

(1)细节题。根据She likes to listen to classical music.可知,她喜欢听古典音乐,故选D。(2)细节题。根据Is the man who is standing in front of her door her father? She must find the answer.可知,因为她想知道是否这个男人是她爸爸,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据Sometimes she is surprised. Sometimes she cries. Sometimes she laughs.可知,她有时开心有时伤心有时吃惊,故选D。

(4)推断题。本文讲述菲奥娜和父亲相认的故事,可知这篇文章应来自故事书,故选B。【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题和推断题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要根据上下文,推断出需要的信息。

14.阅读理解

What can we learn from the special, very successful people in the world who make the impossible possible?

Lesson 1: Ways of creative thinking are needed

Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg both dropped out of college. They prefer to teach themselves because they like to develop their own ways of thinking. They think standard ways of teaching might stop people from being creative and having new ideas.

Lesson 2: The answer might not be what you expect

Find your answers from facts-not start with an expectation of what you will find. Stephen Jacobsen believed what he was taught: that water on Earth came from icy comets(封星) or planets which hit into Earth.

However, by studying a special rock, he discovered that it acted like a sponge(海绵). This suggested that Earth's water might have come from inside, driven to the surface to form the oceans, by geological activity.

"I had a pretty hard time making others believe it, "he said. "But thinking about the fact that you may be the first person to see something for the first time doesn't happen very often. When it does, it's amazing."

Lesson 3: A little luck goes a long way

Years of planning went into a recent achievement in space travel. The European Space Agency's "Philae", a robot landing craft, met up with Comet 67P, which was 480 million kilometres away. The trip from Earth by "Philae" had taken ten years!

The scientists had no idea what the surface of the comet would be like. If the landing failed, it would be impossible to get information from the spacecraft. Twenty years of work would have been wasted.

When "Philae" tried to land, it bounced(弹起)away from the comet's icy surface twice. Luckily, however, "Philae" landed successfully and began sending information back to Earth. (1)Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg left college because____________.

A. they preferred to learn by themselves

B. they needed standard ways of teaching

C. their teachers didn't like their new ideas

D. their teachers weren't able to teach them

(2)In Lesson 2, the writer mainly wants to tell us that___________.

A. we should get answers from facts

B. we can believe what we are taught

C. it's hard to make others believe something

D. an expectation can help get an answer in research

(3)The example of "Philae" in Lesson 3 shows that________.

A. Comet 67P was not far away from Earth

B. it took "Philae"2o years to reach Comet 67P

C. "Philae" landed on Comet 67P with a little luck

D. scientists know nothing about the surface of Comet 67P

(4)The best title for this passage is_____.

A. Ways of learning

B. Lessons for success

C. Ways of being special

D. Lessons for experiments

【答案】(1)A

(2)A

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了我们能从世界上那些让不可能成为可能的特别的、非常成功的人身上学到很多。

(1)细节题。根据 Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg both dropped out of college. They prefer

to teach themselves because they like to develop their own ways of thinking 可知,比尔·盖茨和马克·扎克伯格离开大学是因为他们更喜欢自学,故选A。

(2)主旨题。根据 Find your answers from facts 可知,作者主要想告诉我们应该从事实中得到答案,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据 The European Space Agency's "Philae", a robot landing craft, met up with Comet 67P 欧洲航天局的“菲莱”号机器人登陆艇遇到了彗星67p和When "Philae" tried to land, it bounced(弹起)away from the comet's icy surface twice. Luckily, however, "Philae" landed successfully and began sending information back to Earth 当“菲莱”试图着陆时,它反弹(弹起)远离彗星冰冷的表面两次。然而幸运的是,“菲莱”号成功着陆,并开始向地球发回信息,可知例子表明菲莱幸运地降落在彗星67p上,故选C。

(4)主旨题。根据本文介绍了我们能从世界上那些让不可能成为可能的特别的、非常成功的人身上学到很多,可知 Lessons for success适合做标题,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题四种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

In Australia, international students have to study at a language center for two terms. Everyone will have a test before entering school. The degree of the test is from easy to difficult, just like a game. Then students will get into a classroom which is suitable for them.

The classes in a language center are free. There are no specific(具体的)subjects. Each teacher can teach anything they want. Some of them allow students to use computers to search for information online. Some like to hold activities to make students exchange their opinions freely in class. Some introduce Australian history through films.

As one of the students in the learning center, I find all of them are friendly. They welcome all of our questions. One of my teachers, Don, is kind. I used to have problems. "Do you need help?" he asked me after class. I was not familiar with him so I was too shy to share my real feelings." Don't hesitate(犹豫)to ask me if you have any questions, "he said. He looked at me and smiled. I told him my trouble in a small voice. I couldn't understand the vocabulary. To my surprise, he gave me a sheet of words and asked me to remember them. Then I found his class simple and interesting.

Don has a great sense of humor, too. When we learned about probability(可能性), he let us give him some examples like, "What is the chance of...?" Someone joked, "What is the chance of Don becoming angry?" He pretended(假装) to be angry at once. But soon he laughed with us.(1)________should study at a language center for two terms in Australia.

A. Australian students

B. International students

C. Chinese students

D. American students

(2)From the passage, we know that ________________.

A. it is really expensive to have classes at a language center

B. students will have the same classes at a language center

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