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中考英语 英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

中考英语英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

Last weekend, I took Lucy to a park, where she discovered a track with large bumps(凸块)and sharp tums. At first, I thought Lucy was able to ride her bike along the track, but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump.

Lucy looked at me with fear because she was still a biking newbie. I tried to encourage her too, but really, I was thinking﹣this is going to be a disaster. Not because I thought she would get hurt. More because I thought she wouldn't be able to pick up enough speed to balance, then get really discouraged, and give up quickly. I imagined her throwing her bicycle to the ground and then crying all the way home.

But I was only half right. Lucy did have a lot of trouble riding the bike. She couldn't find her balance. She fell many times. At one point, she almost started crying because younger kids were getting angry that she was slowing everyone else down. But she did not give up. She kept picking herself up and trying again. She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground. When she felt more confident, she came back. Then she did it over and over again until she finally reached her goal of going around the whole track without falling once. Then she didn't want to leave and everyone was cheering her on.

This was not a day that ended in a disaster. It was a day when Lucy learned that perseverance pays off.

(1)Why was Lucy taken to the park last weekend?

A. TO play other kids.

B. To discover a track for fun.

C. To find her speed was too slow.

D. To ride her bike along the track.

(2)What does the underlined sentence probably mean in Paragraph 2?

A. Lucy would get hurt and cry all the way home.

B. Lucy would fear to ride the bike and get discouraged.

C. Lucy would lose balance and slow the younger kids down.

D. Lucy would have trouble riding the bike and give up soon.

(3)What did Lucy take the bike into the main park for ?

A. Being cheered on by everyone.

B. Getting practice in an easier way.

C. Feeling more confident and coming back.

D. Reaching her goal of riding the bike at once.

(4)Which one is the right order of the events?

a. Lucy fell and got up lots of times.

b. Lucy picked up speed on a flat ground.

C. Lucy found her bike was too low for the bumps.

d. Lucy rode her bike around the whole track without falling onc

e.

A. a﹣b﹣c﹣d.

B. c﹣b﹣a﹣d.

C. c﹣a﹣b﹣d.

D. a﹣C﹣b﹣d.

(5)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Playing in the Park Is Fun

B. Perseverance Pays off

C. Don't Be Afraid of Fall in

D. Riding Bikes Is Art

【答案】(1)D

(2)D

(3)B

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:上周末,我带露西去了一个公园,起初,我以为露西能沿着跑道骑自行车,但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在颠簸的路面上。因为她还是个骑自行车的新手,我认为她很快就放弃了。但我只对了一半。露西骑自行车确实有很多困难。她找不到平衡。她摔倒了很多次。有一次,她几乎哭了起来,但她没有放弃。她不断地振作起来,再试一次。这不是以灾难告终的一天。有一天,露西知道坚持是有回报的。

(1)细节理解题。根据At first, I thought Lucy was able to ride her bike along the track, but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump. 可知,起初,我以为露西可以沿着赛道骑车,但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在隆起的路面上。可知是去骑自行车,故答案是D。

(2)句意猜测题。根据 I imagined her throwing her bicycle to the ground and then crying all the way home.可知我想象着她把自行车扔到地上,然后一路哭回家,可知意思是露西骑自行车有困难,很快就放弃了,故答案是D。

(3)细节理解题。根据 She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground. 可知她甚至把自行车从跑道上带到主公园练习在平坦的地面上推开和加速。可知是为了以更简单的方式进行练习,故答案是B。(4)细节排序题。根据第一段but she quickly found that her bike was too low to the ground and kept getting stuck on top of the bump但她很快发现她的自行车离地太低,一直卡在颠簸的顶部。第三段第二行She fell many times她摔了很多次;第三段中间She even took the bike off the track and into the main park to practice pushing off and picking up speed on a flat ground。她甚至把自行车从跑道上带到主公园练习在平坦的地面上推开和加速。第三段最后and over again until she finally reached her goal of going around the whole track without falling once,又一次,直到她最终达到了自己的目标,在整个赛道上不摔倒一次,故答案是C。

(5)标题判断题。根据:It was a day when Lucy learned that perseverance pays off. 这一天露西知道坚持是有回报的,可知答案是B.

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、句意猜测题,细节排序题和标题判断题。细节理解题要可以直接从文中寻找答案;句义猜测题,需要根据单词所在的语境,进行合理想象,确定句子的意思;标题判断题需要在充分理解文章的基础上,总结中心思想,凝练句式,最终确定答案。

2.阅读理解

The human body is a machine that can raise lots of interesting questions. Why, for example, are yawns (呵欠) contagious (传染的)? What's up with ice-cream headaches? Here are answers to these and other questions about our bodies.

Why do I get a headache when I eat ice cream too quickly?

Scientists aren't exactly sure what causes the brain freeze when we eat ice cream or other super cold foods too quickly, though some believe it's the result of changed blood .flow in the nervous system. Blood vessels in the head tighten to stop the loss of body heat and then relax to let blood flow rise; that sudden rush of blood is what causes the headache. You can improve an ice-cream headache by rapidly rubbing your tongue across the roof of your mouth to help warm up things.

What causes my stomach to make a low continuous noise when I'm hungry?

Actually, your stomach makes noise whether you're hungry or full; you just hear it more clearly when you're hungry. Think of your digestive tract(消化道)as a really long tube lined with smooth muscle tissue. These muscles move food, fluids and gas through your digestive tract. ___________. It can make you feel embarrassed(尴尬的)but is nothing to worry about.

Why do I blush when I'm embarrassed?

When you're embarrassed, your brain releases a shot of adrenaline(肾上腺素), which makes your heart race and blood vessels become larger in size. All this happens to increase blood flow and oxygen delivery throughout the body in a fight-or-flight reaction(对抗反应). There are a lot of tiny blood vessels in your face, which turn noticeably redder from this sudden rush of blood. As for the actual function of blushing, researchers are still trying to find that one out.

Why are yawns contagious?

Have you ever yawned in front of someone, only to have them yawn right back? It's a common thing, but researchers don't have a good explanation for it. They do, however, know this happens only with humans and chimpanzees(黑猩猩). A bigger question puzzling scientists is why we yawn at all. It used to be thought that yawning showed that oxygen to the brain was not enough, but that's just a myth. A growing body of research now shows that yawning is nature's way of keeping our brains cool.

(1)What is the meaning of the underlined word tighten?

A. 变松

B. 变紧

C. 变短

D. 变长(2)Which of the following sentences can be filled in the blank?

A. And that's what you're hearing when your stomach makes noise.

B. And that's why you're so hungry when your stomach is empty

C. And that's what makes you feel uncomfortable when you're full.

D. And that's how it makes a difference to your digestive tract.

(3)Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. There is no way for you to improve an ice-cream headache.

B. Researchers have found out the actual function of blushing.

C. Your stomach makes noise only when you are hungry.

D. Researchers don't have a good explanation for why yawns are contagious.

(4)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Some Interesting Facts

B. Our Strange Body

C. Some Useful Discoveries

D. Our Amazing Feelings

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍提供一些问题和答案来说明人体是一台能提出许多有趣问题的机器。

(1)词义猜测题。根据Blood vessels in the head tighten to stop the loss of body heat and then relax to let blood flow rise; that sudden rush of blood is what causes the headache然后放松,让血液流动起来;这种突然的血液流动是导致头痛的原因。你可以通过快速地将舌头摩擦到口腔顶部来帮助热身来改善冰淇淋头痛。由relax,放松,动词,可知放松让血液流动,推知阻止血液流动的应该是变紧,因此tighten的意思是变紧,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。根据上文These muscles move food, fluids and gas through your digestive tract. 把你的消化道想象成一条很长的管道,内衬着平滑肌组织。这些肌肉通过消化道输送食物、液体和气体。可已推知这些肌肉通过消化道输送食物、液体和气体。就会在胃里产生声音。故选A。

(3)判断正误题。根据You can improve an ice-cream headache by rapidly rubbing your tongue across the roof of your mouth to help warm up things.你可以通过快速地将舌头摩擦到口腔顶部来帮助热身来改善冰淇淋头痛。可知选项A不符合文章内容,故排除A;As for the actual function of blushing, researchers are still trying to find that one out.至于脸红的实际作用,研究人员仍在努力找出其中之一。可知选项B不符合文章内容,故排除B;you just hear it more clearly when you're hungry. 当你饿了的时候,你只会更清楚地听到声音。可知选项C不符合文章内容,故排除C;It's a common thing, but researchers don't have a good explanation for it. 这是一件很平常的事情,但研究人员对此没有很好的解释。可知选项D符合文章内容,故选D。

(4)标题判断题。根据文章大意本文主要介绍提供一些问题和答案来说明人体是一台能提出许多有趣问题的机器。只有选项B,才能揭示文章的大意,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先通读全文,了解全文大意,其次分析问题,抓住关键词,在文中寻找相关信息,确定答案,最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

3.阅读下面短文,从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Many people like to watch TV. Watching TV is one of the most important activities of the day. TV brings the outside world closer to people's homes. Some people say the world is smaller than before because of TV. What's going on in other countries? How do people live in places far away? Is there a good sports game somewhere? What's life like in the deepest part of the sea?

If you want to answer these and other kinds of questions, just turn on the TV. Turn it on and

watch. You can see a lot and learn a lot. Of course, people can also learn through reading or listening to the radio. But with TV they can learn better and more easily. Why? Because they can hear and see too.

TV helps to open our eyes. TV also helps to open our minds. TV often gives us new ideas. We learn newer and better ways of doing something.

(1)Some people say the world is smaller than before because ________.

A. TV makes the Earth smaller and smaller

B. all people like to watch TV

C. watching TV is one of the most important activities of the day

D. TV brings the outside world closer to people

(2)We can ________ when we watch TV.

A. go to live in other countries

B. answer TV many questions

C. get a lot of information

D. ask TV some questions

(3)People learn better through TV than through radio because ________.

A. TV sets are bigger than radios

B. people can't only hear but also see

C. without TV people can't open their eyes

D. it's easier to turn on the TV than to turn on the radio

(4)The sentence "TV also helps to open our minds." means "________".

A. our minds can only be opened by TV

B. something is wrong with our minds

C. we can learn more with TV than without TV

D. TV is new to us

(5)This passage tells us ________.

A. it's good to watch TV

B. not to watch TV any more

C. students should not watch TV at any time

D. to stop reading to watch TV

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)C

(5)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍了看电视的优点。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句TV brings the outside world closer to people's homes.理解可知,电视使外面的世界更靠近人们的家。故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句What's going on in other countries? How do people live in places far away? Is there a good sports game somewhere? What's life like in the deepest part of the sea?理解可知,看电视我们可以得到很多信息,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句But with TV they can learn better and more easily. Why? Because they can hear and see too.理解可知,看电视学习既可以看,也可以听,故选B。(4)句意理解题。根据文中的语句TV often gives us new ideas. We learn newer and better ways of doing something.理解可知,电视让我们开阔了视野,有了更好更新的做事的方法,故选C。

(5)理解归纳题。通读全文的语句可知,此文主要介绍了看电视的优点,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

4.阅读理解

Then Alice saw a small glass table. There was a little golden key on it. She picked it and put it in all the locks on the doors but it didn't open any of them. She moved a curtain on one of the walls and discovered another door, a very small one. She put the key in the lock. It was exactly the right size! She opened the door and looked through it. At the end of a low passage she saw a beautiful garden. It was full of brightly coloured flowers and fountains.

"Oh, how beautiful!" she said. "I'd love to go there but I'm too big to get through the door."

She walked back to the table. There was a bottle on it now.

"I'm sure that bottle wasn't there before," she said, a little confused.

She put down the key and picked up the bottle. She read the words "DRINK ME" on it. Alice wasn't a stupid girl. She didn't drink it immediately. First she looked at the bottle carefully. There wasn't a label on it that said "POISON".

So she put the bottle to her lips and drank.

"Mmm, ifs nice," she said. It tasted like cherry tart, pineapple, roast turkey and toast-all the things that she liked to eat-so she drank some more. And some more. Soon the bottle was empty. "What a curious feeling," she said. "I'm getting smaller and smaller.'" It was true! She was now as small as her cat Dinah.

"Good! I can go through the door into the garden," she said. But, poor Alice! When she got to the door, she didn't have the key! It was on the table. She couldn't reach it because she was too small now. She sat down and cried.

After a while she said, "Alice! Stop crying! Crying doesn't help! Dry your tears immediately!"

When she looked at the table again, she saw a small glass box under it. She picked it up and opened it. There was a small cake inside. It had the words "EAT ME" on it. She put a small piece of it in her mouth.

"If I grow bigger I can reach the key," she thought. "And if I grow smaller I can go under the door."

But nothing happened so she finished it.

(1)From the passage we can know that _______________________.

A. at first Alice could go through the door into the garden easily

B. then Alice found there was a little golden key on a small wooden table

C. Alice was as small as her rabbit Dinah after she drank something in the bottle

D. Alice saw a small glass box with a small cake in it under the table

(2)Alice did the following things in the order of ___________________.

a. She saw a beautiful garden at the end of a low passage.

b. She moved a curtain and discovered another door.

c. She put a small piece of the cake in her mouth.

d. She put the bottle to her lips and drank.

e. She cried because she couldn't reach the key.

A. a- b- c- d- e

B. b- a- d- e- c

C. d- a- b- e- c

D. b- d- e- a- c

(3)The underlined word "it" in the last paragraph refers to ______________.

A. the small box

B. the glass table

C. the small cake

D. the golden key

(4)According to the passage, the best words to describe Alice are ___________________.

A. careful and brave

B. curious and helpful

C. clever and friendly

D. organized and strange

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要讲爱丽丝被关到一座房子里,但出不去,里面有一些东西可以使她变小。

(1)细节理解题。由第一段中"Then she saw a little glass table with three legs, and on the top of it was a very small gold key."爱丽丝看见一张小玻璃桌。上面有一把金钥匙可知她是在玻璃桌上发现钥匙的。选项B不符合文章内容,故排除B;"Oh, how beautiful!" she said. "I'd love to go there but I'm too big to get through the door."我很想去那里,但是我太大了,不能从门进去。”可知选项A不符合文章内容,故排除A;"I'm getting smaller and smaller.'" It was true! She was now as small as her cat Dinah.我越来越小了。”“是真的!她现在和她的猫黛娜一样小。可知选项C符合文章内容,故排除C; When she looked at the table again, she saw a small glass box under it. She picked it up and opened it. There was a small cake inside. 她看到桌子下面有一个小玻璃盒。她把它捡起来打开了。里面有一个小蛋糕,可知选项D符合文章内容,故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据通读全文,找出在文中的位置。b:She moved a curtain and discovered another door. ; a:She saw a beautiful garden at the end of a low passage. ;d:She put the bottle to her lips and drank. e: She cried because she couldn't reach the key. ; c:She put a small piece of the cake in her mouth. 找出在文中的位置,故选B。

(3)代词指代题。根据全文,可能小蛋糕的作用与液体的作用一样,她可能变得太小了或变大,都与小蛋糕有关系,故选C。

(4)推理判断题。根据Alice wasn't a stupid girl. She didn't drink it immediately. First she looked at the bottle carefully. There wasn't a label on it that said "POISON".爱丽丝不是个傻女孩。她没有马上喝。她先仔细地看了看瓶子。上面没有写着“毒药”的标签。可以推知她是

一个谨慎并勇敢的女孩。A: careful and brave谨慎和勇敢; B: curious and helpful好奇和乐于助人; C: clever and friendly聪明和友好; D: organized and strange有条理和奇怪。故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题两种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

5.阅读材料,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

Every year, more than 26,000 children arrive in Britain. We ask some new arrivals what they

中考英语 英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

中考英语 英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

中考英语 英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

like best about their new lives and what's different from home.

Jarek, Poland

I don't know anybody from Poland here, but

I'm lucky because the English boy next door is

very friendly and kind. We are in the same class!

I like teachers here. At home, the teachers seem a

bit strict and serious. There are a lot of rules,

too. Here, teachers are patient and don't give

much homework. We students go out of school

and buy pizza or burgers at lunchtime. We can't

do that in Poland.

Daisy & Luck, the USA

My sister and I like living here. It's cool! My

sister loves the British accent (口音).

Everybody here is very polite. But we don't

understand all your strange words-we say

"yard" not garden, and "apartment" not flat.

The food is better here. There's Chinese,

Indian and Thai. At home we eat too much

fast food.

Zinah, India

It's too cold here! I hate doing sports, especially

outside in winter. The teacher here is very

serious about sports. I prefer science and maths.

I love the maths class because the teacher is

really funny, just like my maths teacher in India.

The school is so big and some students seem

unfriendly. I'm from a small village school. I think

it's hard to communicate with them.

A. Luck

B. Zinah

C. Jarck

D. Daisy

(2)In Zinah's eyes, her maths teacher in India might be ________.

A. cold

B. strict

C. patient

D. humorous

(3)The passage is probably taken from ________.

A. a travel magazine

B. an education website

C. a geography textbook

D. a business newspaper

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:介绍了Jarek,Daisy,Lucy和Zinah来到英国以后自己的学习生活体验。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中第一个方框中的语句 I like teachers here. 可知,Jarek喜欢这里的学校生活,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句I love the maths class because the teacher is really funny, just like my maths teacher in India. 理解可知,Zinah认为他的数学老师比较滑稽,幽默,故选D。

(3)理解归纳题。通读全文可知,这篇文章主要介绍了四个到英国学习的学生自己的学习体会,应该与教育有关,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出主题句。

6.阅读理解

Edinburgh is the world's "festival city". The city holds 12 festivals throughout the year, half of which are celebrated during the months of July and August. Hundreds of thousands of people visit the Scottish capital during the summer. Here are some of the events they can enjoy.

中考英语 英语阅读理解专题练习(附答案)

A. Edinburgh is famous for its festivals.

B. Edinburgh is the capital of Wales.

C. Six of Edinburgh's festivals are held in July.

D. Summer is not the best time to visit Edinburgh.

(2)Which of the following is the largest art festival in the world?

A. The Edinburgh International Festival.

B. The Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

C. The Edinburgh International Book Festival.

D. The Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival.

(3)Where is the Edinburgh International Book Festival held?

A. At theaters around the city.

B. In the Royal Mile.

C. In Charlotte Square Gardens.

D. On Edinburgh's main streets.

(4)What is the purpose of the story?

A. To describe the city of Edinburgh.

B. To describe some festivals in Edinburgh.

C. To prove that Edinburgh is the world's art center.

D. To encourage more artists to perform in Edinburgh.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Edinburgh的四个节日。

(1)细节题。根据Edinburgh is the world's "festival city".可知Edinburgh是世界的节日城市,即以它的节日闻名,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据第二个表格This is the largest art festival in the world可知the Edinburgh Festival Fringe是世界上最大的艺术节,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据第三个表格The largest book festival in the world began in 1983 and takes place every year in Charlotte Square Gardens in the center of Edinburgh.可知在Charlotte Square Gardens举行,故选C。

(4)细节题。根据全文可知主要讲了Edinburgh的四个节日,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员)at a high school camp. On the first day, when we were dancing and playing games, I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin. His shyness made him appear weak. I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people. He quietly replied, "No, I really don't want to do this." I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn't be right to force him either. Actually, the boy didn't need a close talk but a friend.

At lunch the next day, I was leading camp songs when I saw the boy under the tree sitting alone.

I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again. That evening I was told the

boy's name was Tommy. Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.

The days went by and the time came when we had to leave. We held a big, warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp. All the campers shared their wonderful moments. To my surprise, I found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls. I couldn't believe it was the same person.

In October of my second year, I received a phone call from Tommy's mother. She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and died. I offered my deep sadness. The mother said, "Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference to Tommy during his last months."

At that moment, I realized how easy it was to give a bit of yourself every day. You may never know how much each gesture may mean to someone else. I hope that everyone can pay attention to his own "boy under the tree".

(1)Before the writer came to the high school summer camp, he was a(n) .

A. instructor

B. camper

C. student

D. reporter

(2)How many times did the writer invite the boy to join in the activities?

A. Once.

B. Twice.

C. Three times.

D. Many times.(3)Which is the CORRECT order about the story?

①The boy danced joyfully with two girls.

② The boy went back to school and made new friends.

③ The boy refused to join in the activities.

④The boy's mother made a phone call to the writer.

A. ①②③④

B. ②③①④

C. ③①②④

D.

④③②①

(4)From Paragraph 4, we can infer that Tommy's mother was very to the writer. A. thankful B. helpful C. faithful D. harmful

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了作者曾给一个男孩精神上的帮助,让大家指代每天给自己一点自信是多么容易。

(1)推理题。根据 In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor(辅导员)at a high school camp 在大学一年级和二年级之间的那个夏天,我被邀请去当一名教师(辅导员)在一个高中营地可知,在作家来到高中夏令营之前,他是名学生,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据 invited him to join in the activities和 I tried again with the same invitation 可知,作者邀请这个男孩参加了2次活动,故选B。

(3)细节题。根据全文描述可知最初男孩拒绝参加活动,后来男孩和两个女孩快乐地跳舞,这个男孩回到学校,交了新朋友,男孩的母亲给作家打了一个电话,故是C选项的排

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