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2020级(一年级)词汇语法复习100题(4-1)精讲+翻译

2020级(一年级)词汇语法复习100题(4-1)精讲+翻译
2020级(一年级)词汇语法复习100题(4-1)精讲+翻译

2020级(一年级)

词汇语法复习100题(4-1)精讲+翻译

1. During the lecture, the speaker occasionally ____A____ his point by relating his own experiences.

在演讲中,演讲者不时地通过讲述自己的经历来阐述他的观点。

A. illustrated

B. hinted

C. cited

D. displayed

说明,解释暗示,示意引用展示,显露

2. The doctors ____C___ the medicines to the people in the flood area.

医生们把药品分发给了洪水地区的人们。

A. prayed

B. packed

C. distributed

D. undertook

请求充满分散,分发承担

3. Young people are not ____B____ to stand and look at works of art; they want art they can participate in

年轻人不满足于站着看艺术品;他们想要他们可以参与的艺术

A. conservative

B. content

C. confident

D. generous

保守的满足的,满意的自信的慷慨的

4. He tried to ____B___ relations with his former wife but he failed.

他试图与前妻维持关系,但失败了。

A. measure

B. maintain

C. shelter

D. reply

测量维持保护回答

5. He _____A__ to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job.

他决心将来更加努力学习,这样他就能有更多的机会找到更好的工作。

A. resolved

B. resorted

C. requested

D. reserved

下定决心的凭借要求的保留的

6. The ____B___ work continued for more than a week but there was still no sign of the missing boy.

营救工作持续了一个多星期,但是仍然没有失踪男孩的迹象。

A. research

B. rescue

C. vessel

D. vast

研究营救容器广阔的

7. ____A___ energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.

地下积聚的能量必须以一种或另一种形式释放出来,例如地震。

A. Accumulated

B. Gathered

C. Assembled

D. Collected

积累聚集组合的收集

8. However, at times this balance in nature is ___B____, resulting in a number of possibly unforeseen effects. 然而,自然界的这种平衡有时会被打破,导致一些可能无法预见的影响。

A. troubled

B. disturbed

C. confused

D. puzzled

动乱的扰乱的困惑的茫然的

9. She is a very ____D____ secretary: she never forgets anything or makes a mistake.

她是一个非常有效率的秘书:她从不忘记任何事情或犯任何错误。

A.anxious

B. effective

C. adequate

D. efficient

焦虑的有效的充足的有效率的

10. Nancy is only a sort of ____C____ of her husband’s opinion and has no ideas of her own.

南希只是在某种程度上附和她丈夫的意见,没有自己的见解。

A. sample

B. reproduction

C. echo

D. shadow

样品复制附和尾随

11. There are certain ____C____ when you must interrupt people who are in the middle of doing something.

在某些情况下,你必须打断正在做某事的人。

A. Conditions

B. situations

C. occasions

D. environments

条件情境场合环境

12. The boy is eager to __B___ knowledge in different fields.

这个男孩渴望吸收不同领域的知识。

A. insert

B. absorb

C. arrange

D. approach

插入吸收安排处理

13. If I _____C_____ harder at school, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now.

如果我在学校时用功一点,我现在就会坐在舒适的办公室里了。

A. worked

B. were to work

C. had worked

D. were working

从事于是去工作已经工作了工作

14. Chemical changes can ___A___ energy.

化学变化能释放能量。

A. give off

B. give up

C. give of

D. give in

发出放弃奉献屈服

15. He ______A____ another career but, at the time, he didn’t have enough money to attend graduate school.他本可以选择另一种职业,但当时他没有足够的钱读研究生。

A. might have chosen

B. might choose

C. had to choose

D. must have chosen

可能会选择可能会选择必须选择必须有选择

16.I was speaking to Jane on the phone when suddenly we were ___A__.

我正在和简通电话,突然电话断了。

A. cut off

B. cut down

C. cut back

D. cut out

切断砍倒消减停止

17. Peter complained to the owner of the bookstore that there were some pages___B___ in the dictionary.

彼得向书店老板抱怨字典少了几页。

A. losing

B. missing

C. dropping

D. falling

损失丢失掉落减少

18. What she told me about the affair simply doesn’t make any____C___.

她告诉我的那件事根本没有任何意义。

A. idea

B. meaning

C. sense

D. significance

想法意义感觉重要性

19. There’s little chance that mankind would ____D____ a nuclear war.

人类几乎不可能在核战争中幸存下来。

A. relieve

B. endure

C. maintain

D. survive

减除忍耐维持幸存

20. Why can’t you do this small __C__ for me? I’ve helped you often enough in the past.

你为什么不能帮我一个小忙呢?过去我帮助你已经够多了。

A. demand

B. request

C. favor

D. requirement

要求请求帮助需求

21. People are A for peace.

人们渴望和平。

A. longing

B. shorting

C. lacking

D. wishing

渴望,热望短路,缩减缺乏,不足希望,盼望

22.In my bedroom, there is a pair of scissors, a stack of books and ___D___ flowers on my desk.

在我的卧室里,桌子上有一把剪刀,一摞书和一束花。

A. a piece of

B. a pocket of

C. a slice of

D. a bunch of

一块,一只一口袋一片,一份一束,一堆

23. Ryan was late for conference yesterday D traffic jam.

Ryan昨天开会迟到,是因为交通堵塞了。

A. because

B. since

C. for

D. because of

因为从…以后,自…以后,由于给,为了,因为因为

24. The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been ____A____ only to the very rich.

技术的进步使中产阶级能够享受曾经只有富人可负担得起的东西。

A. affordable

B. measurable

C. acceptable

D. manageable

负担得起,价格合理可度量的认同的,可接受的可操纵的,可处理的

25. Mike had prepared carefully for his math exam so that he could be sure of passing it on his first ___B___. Mike为他的数学考试做了认真的准备,这样他第一次考试就一定能及格。

A. purpose

B. attempt

C. intention

D. struggle

意图,目的企图,尝试打算,意图奋斗,努力

26. I have two boys but ___D____ of them likes sweets.

我有两个男孩,但是他们中没有一个喜欢吃甜食。

A. both

B. neither

C. either

D. none

两个都两者都不任何一个没有一个,毫无

27. Some stores set__B____special areas where customers can relax.

一些商店设立了顾客可以放松的特别区域。

A.set down

B.set up

C.set off

D.set on

制定,规定建立,安排出发,动身使…攻击

28. Parents have the duty to __A____ their children into the adventure of life.

父母有责任引导他们的孩子去冒险。

https://www.doczj.com/doc/2b8887750.html,unch

B.decide

C. relieve

D. set

发起,发动,引导决定,选定解除,减轻放置,使处于

29. She needs someone to___C___ in about a very personal problem.

她需要找人倾诉一个非常私人的问题。

A.speak

B. decide

C. confide

D. talk

谈话,讲话决定,选定吐露,倾诉讲话,谈话

30. You really shouldn’t carry so much money ___B___with you.

你真不该随身带那么多钱。

A. of

B. around

C. on

D. along

属于.关于(某人) 周围,环绕在…上沿着,顺着

31. He’s tried many things with no particular success, but he is __B___ an incapable person.

他做过许多事都没成功,但他绝不是个无能的人

A. in term of

B. by no means

C. in addition to

D. by means of

在…方面绝不是除了通过

32.He went ahead ___C___ all warnings about the danger of his mission.

他不管所有关于他任务的危险性的警告继续前进

A. in case of

B. because of

C. regardless of

D. prior to

万一因为不管之前

33. However, at times this balance in nature is ____A____, resulting in a number of possibly unforeseen effects.

然而,有时这种自然的平衡受到干扰,导致一些可能无法预料的影响。

A. troubled

B. disturbed

C. confused

D. puzzled

扰乱的,不安的有精神病的,不安的迷惑的,使迷惑困惑的,迷惑不解的

34. During the lecture, the speaker occasionally __A__ his point by relating his own experiences.

在演讲中,演讲者偶尔通过讲述自己的经历来说明自己的观点。

A. illustrated

B. hinted

C. cited

D. displayed

说明,解释暗示,示意引用展示,显露

35. The government is trying to do something to ____B____ better understanding between the two countries.

政府正在努力做一些事情来增进两国之间的相互了解。

A. raise

B. promote

C. heighten

D. increase

提升,提高促进,推动加高,提高增长,增加

36.After a long and exhausting journey, they arrived __C____.

经过漫长而疲惫的旅行,他们终于到达了。

A. till the last

B. at last

C. by the end

D. at the end

直到最后最后到最后最后,终于

37. We object ____B____ punishing a whole group for one person’s fault.

我们反对因为一个人的过错而惩罚整个团队。

A. against

B. about

C. to

D. or

反对,违反大约,关于向,朝,往或,还是

38.I can’t ___C___ what that object is.

我无法辨认出这个目标是什么。

A. make up

B. make over

C. make out

D. make for

和解,和好转让,让与辨认出,看出走向,导致

39. I’m ___C___ for New York tomorrow to attend a business meeting.

我明天出发去纽约参加一个商务会议。

A. setting

B. setting in

C. setting about

D. setting out

设置开始出发放线

40. Finding a job in such an international company has always been ___D_____ his wildest dreams.

在这样一家跨国公司找到一份工作一直是他做梦也想不到的。

A. under

B. over

C. beyond

D. above

在…下面结束超过,晚于在上面,胜过

41. At drama school, there is ____D_____ attention to a student’s control of both voice and movement, and the different departments work at developing a student’s overall acting technique.

在戏剧学校,学生对声音和动作的控制一直受到关注,不同的系致力于培养学生的整体表演技巧。

A. current现在的

B. worldwide 世界范围

C. primary初级的

D. constant一直的,连续发生的

42. The kitchen __B___ fresh baked bread, which carried her back to her childhood.

厨房里弥漫着新鲜出炉面包的味道,这让她想起了童年。

A. emerged出现

B. smelled of闻到

C. displayed陈列

D. pervaded渗透

43. If your child is spending too much time on computer games, think carefully about how you are going to ______C_ the situation.

如果你的孩子在电脑游戏上花了太多时间,仔细考虑你将如何处理这种情况。

A. accomplish完成

B. arrange安排

C. handle处理

D. decrease减少

44. If you drive very fast every day, the ____B__ are that you’ll have an accident one day.

如果你每天开车很快,总有一天你会出发生事故的。

A. probabilities概率

B. odds不幸的可能性

C. likelihoods可能性

D. misfortunes 灾厄

45. Music, for both of us, is a part of life we treasure, and Michael has found his records and tapes a constant ____A___ of happiness during the long hours of inactivity forced upon him.

音乐,对我们两个人来说,都是我们珍视的生活的一部分,迈克尔发现他的唱片和录音带是他在长时间的无所事事中不断获得快乐的源泉。

A. source来源

B. illustration图表

C. addition加

D. package包

46. Shelly had prepared carefully for her biology examination so that she could be sure of passing it on her first ____B____.

雪莉为她的生物考试做了仔细的准备,这样她第一次考试就可以通过了

A. intention打算

B. attempt企图

C. purpose目的

D. desire欲望

47. The only way to __D_____ a fear is to face it, and to do so as frequently as possible.

战胜恐惧的唯一方法就是面对它,并尽可能频繁地这样做。

A. commit 承诺

B. enlarge扩大

C. communicate沟通

D. conquer战胜

48.Our teacher is someone ____C___ we must show a lot of respect.

我们的老师是我们必须非常尊敬的人。

A. for whom为谁

B. in which在哪

C. to whom对谁

D. under whom在谁之下

49. He isn’t ___B____ the habit of saying much when he comes to see us.

他来看望我们时没有多说的习惯。

A. on在..上

B. in在...里

C. to到

D. for为...

50. I want to speak to the manager, but the line’s busy and I can’t get ___D____.

我想和经理通话,但电话占线,我打不通

A. in在..里

B. on 在..上

C. off关闭

D. through通过

51. People who buy sports clothes are often loyal ____A___ a particular brand.

购买运动服的人往往忠于某一品牌。

A. to到

B. with和

C. over结束

D. by通过

52. I’m afraid I bought the shoes __C_____ impulse without looking at the price.

恐怕我没有看价钱就冲动地买了这双鞋。

A. at在

B. for为了

C. on在..上

D. off关闭

53. It can be argued, for example, that teaching can be ___C____ more effectively if teacher and student take their appropriate roles.

可以说,如果教师和学生各司其职,教学可以更有效地完成。

A. disciplined纪律严明的

B. confessed坦白

C. accomplished完成的

D. proposed提出

54. You should make sure you know where the parents can be ____D__, and that they have given you all the information you are likely to need about the child.

你应该确保你知道在哪里可以联系到父母,他们已经给了你所有可能需要的关于孩子的信息。

A. connected有联系的

B. communicated交流

C. committed尽心尽力的

D. contacted联系了

55. The “unsinkable” passenger liner Titanic sank on her maiden ___C___ when she struck an iceberg in the Atlantic.

“永不沉没”的客轮泰坦尼克号在处女航中撞上大西洋的一座冰山而沉没。

A. trip出行

B. tour观光

C. voyage航行

D. journey行程

56. The result of every accident, however __D_____, is a rise in the cost of insurance.

每一次事故的结果,无论多么轻微,都会增加保险费用。

A. radical根本的

B. rare稀少的

C. reluctant不情愿的

D. minor微小的

57. Jane is very ____B____ -- if she says she’ll do something she’ll do it.

简很有信心——如果她说她要做什么事,她就会做。

A. reliance信任

B.reliable可信赖的

C. reliant依赖性的

D. relies依赖(第三人称单数)

58. We’ll do our best to help those ___A_____ people after the disaster.

灾后我们将尽力帮助那些不幸的人。

A. unfortunate不幸的

B.fortunate幸运的

C. misfortune厄运

D.fortune机会

59. This knife of yours needs __D______.

你的这把刀需要磨一磨

A. widen变宽

B. widening变宽

C. sharpen变得锋利

D. sharpening变得锋利

60. Sometimes it is an advantage to be __C_____, for example in court.

有时冷静是有利的,例如在法庭上。

A. emotionally感情上

B. emotional 感情的

C. unemotional不露感情的

D. emotion感情

61.Iron has an important role to play in the __A___ working of the human body and is vital to healthy living.

铁在人体的有效工作中起着重要的作用,对健康的生活至关重要。

A.efficient

B. favorite

C. primary

D. current

有效率的(同类中)最受喜爱的主要的,初级的现在的,通用的

62.His wife is ___D____ finding fault with him, which makes him very angry.

他的妻子不断地挑着他的错误,这弄得他非常的生气。

A.consistently

B. continuously

C. considerately

D. constantly

一致的连续不断的体贴的不断地

63.He could see her lips ____B____ and hoped she would not cry in public again.

他看到她的嘴唇在颤抖,希望她不要当众哭泣。

A.swallowing

B. trembling

C. shaking

D. stooping

吞下(因害怕)颤抖抖动弯腰

64.I started to read newspapers and magazines more, and, for just about the first time in my life, I began to take an interest in ___B____ affairs.

我开始读更多的报纸和杂志,并且,这是我人生中第一次,我开始对当前的事物感兴趣。

A.personal

B. current

C. ancient

D. social

个人的当前的古代的社会的

65.I’d like to ___A____ that students should be allowed more time for independent study.

我想建议学生应该被允许更多的时间独立学习。

A.propose

B. command

C. arrange

D. steer

建议命令安排引导

66.Although this law does not actually ___A____ the possession of weapons whose use is illegal, it is clearly moving in that direction.

虽然这项法律实际上并不禁止拥有非法使用的武器,但它显然正在朝着这个方向发展。

A.prohibit

B. allow

C. stop

D. promote

禁止允许停止促进

67.Is there anything in your personal life which would ___A___ the party if it became public?

在你的私人生活中,有没有什么事情会让聚会公开化而尴尬呢?

A.embarrass

B. appreciate

C. waken

D. involve

尴尬欣赏唤醒涉及

68.Learning ___C____ help make the difficult task of studying English easier.

学习策略的帮助是学习英语的困难任务变得容易。

A.opportunities

B. process

C. strategies

D. materials

机会过程策略材料

69.After resting in Sydney for a few weeks, Chichester set off once more ___C___ his friends attempt to dissuade him.

Chichester在悉尼休息了几个星期后,不顾朋友们的劝阻,又一次出发了

A.round the corner

B. by no means

C. in spite of

D. in addition to

拐角处绝不尽管除...之外

70.Groups of children sometimes can ___C____ games of their own, or maybe entertain themselves in their own way if they are free of adult interference.

一群孩子有时可以自己发明游戏,如果不受大人的干扰,他们也可以用自己的方式娱乐自己

A.solve

B. arrange

C. invent

D. challenge

解决安排发明挑战

71.If you ___B___ all your efforts on the learning of English, you will eventually learn the language well.

如果你最终把所有的努力都集中在学习英语上,你最终会学好这门语言的。

A. increase

B. concentrate

C. prepare

D. hold

增加集中准备持有

72.After fruits are cut and___D___to the air, they can turn brown and lose nutrients.

水果被切开后暴露在空气中,会变成褐色并失去营养。

A.revealed

B. displayed

C. shown

D. exposed

显示展示所示暴露

73.The writer would rather live in his native country, and not be allowed to ___A___, than go elsewhere and be free to do so.

作家宁愿住在自己的祖国,不被允许写作,也不愿意去其他地方自由写作。

A.write

B. escape

C. publish

D. retire

写逃跑发布退休

https://www.doczj.com/doc/2b8887750.html,st year the advertising rate ___D___ by 20 percent.

去年的广告费上涨了20%。

A.raised

B. aroused

C. arose

D. rose

提高引起出现上升

75.Though ___B___ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life.

Peter虽然在大城市长大,但总喜欢画乡村生活的原始场景

A.grown

B. raised

C. tended

D. cultivated

成长提高了往往培养

76.If you have worked hard ____D____, you won’t have to sit up all night before the exams.

如果你在其他时间努力工作的话,你就不用在考试前整夜开夜车了。

A.at the same time

B. at a time

C. every time

D. at other times

在同一时间依次无论何时其他时间

77.As a fireman, you must be ready to ____B____ hardships and even suffer death.

作为一名消防员,你必须做好忍受苦难甚至死亡的准备。

A.reject

B. endure

C. refuse

D. select

拒绝忍受拒绝选择

78.The baby’s first step caused great _____A_____ in the family.

婴儿的第一步在家里引起了极大的兴奋。

A.excitement

B. excited

C. exciting

D. excitedly

兴奋感到兴奋的令人兴奋的兴奋地

79.You can’t let your eyes glide across the lines of a book and ___B___ an understanding of what you have read.

你不能让你的眼睛滑过一本书的线条,然后对你所读的内容产生理解。

https://www.doczj.com/doc/2b8887750.html,e up to

B. come up with

C. stand up to

D. put up with

达到想出顶住忍受

80.Although I liked the appearance of the house, what really made me decide to buy it was the beautiful ___D___ through the window.

虽然我喜欢这房子的外观,但真正让我决定买它的是窗外美丽的景色。

A.vision

B. look

C. picture

D. view

愿望看起来图片风景

81. You may never experience an earthquake or a volcanic eruption in your life, but you will___C___ changes in the land.

在你生活中可能从未经历过地震或火山喷发,但是你会看到土地的变化。

A. adapt

B. adopt

C. witness

D. define

适应接受目睹定义

82. Tommy took all the apples, so the teacher told him that he was being___A___.

Tommy拿走了所有的苹果,所以老师告诉他,他很贪婪。

A. greedy

B. grateful

C. generous

D. gloomy

贪婪的感激的慷慨的忧郁的

83. Students sometimes support themselves by ____C__ of evening jobs.

学生们有时靠晚上打工来养活自己。

A. ways

B. efforts

C. means

D. methods

方法努力手段方法

84. Mr. Smith spent the weekend in the country as he ___C___ to the office on Saturday.

史密斯先生周末在乡下度过,因为他周六不用去办公室。

A. was not necessary

B. must not go

C. did not have to go

D. ought not to have gone

没有必要不能走没必要去本不该走的

85. In a sudden ____B____ of anger, the man tore up everything within reach.

在一阵突如其来的愤怒中,那个人撕毁了所有能够到的东西。

A. attack

B. burst

C. split

D. blast

攻击爆发分裂爆炸

86.He made no ___C___ at winning the prize..

他没有试图赢得奖品。

A. decision

B. intention

C. attempt

D. mention

决定意图尝试提到

87.There are plastic and wooden chairs but the ___C__ are more expensive.

有塑料椅子和木头椅子,但木头椅子更贵。

A. later

B. late

C. latter

D. latest

以后迟到后者最新的

88.Once she has set her mind __B___ her goal, there is no stopping her.

一旦她下定决心要达到目标,就没有什么能阻止她了。

A.to achieve

B. to achieving

C. achieve

D. achieving

达到为了实现实现实现

89.It is true that these herbs can be used to ___A___ pain.

这些草药确实可以用来减轻疼痛

A.relieve

B. minus

C. relief

D. plus

减轻减去救济加

90.The lecture was so __B___ that I couldn’t help yawning.

讲座太无聊了,我忍不住打哈欠

A.bored

B. boring

C. bore

D. bores

无聊的无聊的钻孔无聊

91.At three thousand feet, wide plains begin to appear, and there is never a moment when some distant mountain is not ___D___.

在三千英尺高的地方,广阔的平原开始出现,而且任何时候眼前都会出现远处的高山。

A.on view

B. at a glance

C. on the scene

D. in sight

正在查看一瞥在现场看得见

92.During the summer holiday season there are no ___D___ rooms in this seaside hotel.

暑假期间,这家海滨旅馆没有空房。

A.empty

B. blank

C. deserted

D. vacant

空的空白的被遗弃的空闲的

93. With ___A___ exceptions, the former president does not appear in public now.

除了极少数例外,这位前总统现在不公开露面。

A.rare

B. unusual

C. extraordinary

D. unique

稀有的不寻常的非凡的独特的

94.He will have to answer ___B___ his indecent behaviour one day.

总有一天他要为自己的不雅行为负责。

A.to

B. for

C. back

D. about

到对于后面关于

95.The thief tried to open the locked door but ____B____.

小偷试图打开锁着的门,但没有成功。

A.in no way

B. in vain

C. without effect

D. at a loss

没门没用没有效果损失

96. In those days the Portuguese were trying to reach India by sailing around Africa, but Columbus was ___B___ to prove that India could be reached by sailing west.

当时葡萄牙人试图通过绕非洲航行到达印度,但哥伦布决心证明向西航行可以到达印度。

A.decided

B. determined

C. considered

D. regarded

果断的决心考虑过的视为

97.Very few plants and animals can ____D___ heat or cold for a long time.

一些动物或植物能忍受很长时间的寒冷和炎热。

A.suffer

B. hold

C. accept

D. endure

遭受持有接受忍受

98.I am afraid that the ____B___ between rich and poor is still widening in our country.

恐怕我们国家的贫富差距还在拉大。

A.ditch

B. gap

C. channel

D. distance

沟缺口通道距离

https://www.doczj.com/doc/2b8887750.html,mittee advice can be biased if a committee is only ___C___ persons with similar backgrounds and experiences.

如果一个委员会只由具有相似背景和经验的人组成,委员会的建议可能有失偏颇。

A.taken from

B. made of

C. composed of

D. developed from

取自制成包括从……发展而来

100.The relationship between employers and employees has been studied ___D_____.

雇主与雇员之间的关系一直是研究的焦点。

A.originally

B. extremely

C. violently

D. intensively

原来极其猛烈地密集地

Keys:

1-5. ACBBA 6-10. BABDC 11-15. CBCAA 16-20. ABCDC 21-25. ADDAB26-30. BBACB31-35. BCBAB36-40. BCCDC 41-45. DBCBA 46-50. BDCBD 51-55. ACCDC 56-60. DBADC 61-65. ADBBA 66-70. AACCC 71-75. BDADB 76-80. DBABD 81-85. CACCB 86-90. CCBAB 91-95. DDABB 96-100. BDBCD

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