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中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

一、中考英语阅读理解汇编

1.阅读表格,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

On sale!

Girl's Pink Tent(帐篷)

It has light weight and is easy to carry.

There are small holes in the windows. These holes let the air in and keep the bugs (小虫) out. Price: $230

Tel:768-3647

Peng Lai Chun Restaurant

Yuxi Road

A Chinese restaurant.

Delicious and great value!

Price: $18 for each adult (成年人); half price for each kid under 8

Book (预定) early because it gets busy! Tel: 623-2972

Bookshop assistant (助理)

Dicken's Books

Lincoln Road

Monday-Friday, and one Saturday every month Price: $80 an hour, 8 a. m. -4 p. m.

Telephone 879-6634 and speak to the shop manager, John Hunter

Summer Fashion Show

Golden Shopping Plaza

2: 00 p. m. Saturday

Men's and women's swimming clothes See 26 pretty and cool models in the latest fashions.

Price: All clothing on sale after the show for under $60.

For more information: goldenplaza@sina. com

(1)What color is the tent?

A. pink

B. yellow

C. red

D. blue

(2)How much should a couple (一对夫妻) with a kid at 5 pay at Peng Lai Chun Restaurant?

A. $18

B. $9

C. $36

D. $45

(3)If Susan wants to work as an assistant at Dicken's Books, she should call at ________.

A. 768-3647

B. 623-2972

C. 879-6634

D. 768-6634

(4)We can ________ in Golden Shopping Plaza.

A. buy a girl's pink tent

B. see 26 pretty and cool models in the latest fashions

C. telephone 879-6634 and speak to the shop manager, John Hunter

D. eat delicious food

(5)According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

A. The assistant at Dicken's Books has to work for 8 hours a day.

B. The holes in the windows of the tent can let the air and bugs in.

C. The Summer Fashion Show starts at 2: 00 in the afternoon on Saturday.

D. People who want to eat at Peng Lai Chun Restaurant should book early.

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

(5)B

【解析】【分析】大意:这是一篇四则广告,分别介绍价格,和联系方式。

(1)细节题。根据 Girl's Pink Tent(帐篷)可知帐篷是粉红色,故选A。

(2)细节题。根据price: $18 for each adult (成年人); half price for each kid under 8 可知,一个成年人8美元,8岁以下小孩半价18+18+9=45,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据 Telephone 879-6634 and speak to the shop manager, John Hunter可知,她想在Dicken的书店当助理,可知拨打电话879-6634。故选C。

(4)细节题。根据See 26 pretty and cool models in the latest fashions.可知,可在Golden Shopping Plaza看见26个又漂亮又酷穿着最新服装的模特,故选B。

(5)判断正误题。根据 These holes let the air in and keep the bugs (小虫) out. ,可知这些小洞可以透气,并且阻挡小虫,因此B错误,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,细节题是阅读理解题常考题型,细节题需要从文中寻找答案。

2.阅读理解

Everybody hates rats. But rats may soon be man's new good friends. What happens after an earthquake? We send in rescue dogs. Why? Because they can smell people. Dogs save lives. They help rescuers to find living people. But dogs are big and they can't get into small spaces. So now a new research project is using a smaller animal to save lives: the rat.

How does it work? First, the rat is trained to smell people. When this happens, the rat's brain gives a signal. This is sent to a small radio on its back, and then the rescuers follow the radio signals. When the rat's brain activity jumps, the rescuers know that someone is alive. The rat has smelled that person.

Although there are already robots which can do this job, rats are better. Robots' noses don't work well when there are other smells around. Rats are good at that. Rats can also see in the dark, they are cheaper and quicker to train than dogs, and unlike robots, they don't need electricity!

The "rat project" is not finished. But a scientist says, "It would be great. A rat could get into any place we couldn't get to, and a rat would get out if it wasn't safe." Perhaps for the first time in history, people will be happy to see a rat in a building (but only after an earthquake, of course).

(1)Where do you think you can find this passage?

A. In a magazine about toys.

B. In a history book.

C. In a newspaper about science.

D. In an advertisement.

(2)Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A. Rats don't need electricity.

B. Rats are better than robots when smelling.

C. Rats are as clever as radios.

D. Rats can see things in the dark when doing rescues.(3)Why does the "rat project" sound great according to the passage?

A. Because rats can get into very small spaces.

B. Because rats have better noses than dogs.

C. Because rats don't like robots.

D. Because rats are brave.

(4)Which is the best title of this passage?

A. Ways of saving people

B. Rats

C. Earthquakes

D. Rats for rescue

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了老鼠是怎样营救人的。

(1)推断题。根据全文可知主要讲了老鼠救人,所以可以在关于科学的报纸上发现,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据This is sent to a small radio on its back, and then the rescuers follow the radio signals.可知信号被发送给收音机,而没有说老鼠和收音机一样聪明,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据"It would be great. A rat could get into any place we couldn't get to, and a rat would get out if it wasn't safe."可知是因为老鼠可以去非常小的地方,故选A。

(4)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了老鼠是怎样营救人的。故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

3.根据短文内容,判断正误。

Dear Alan,

Guess what? I have a chance to choose my new place to live in. I am excited and a little nervous. Could you please give me some help?

I am not sure whether I will live in a house or in an apartment. On the one hand, a house will be too big for just one person, so maybe I should rent an apartment, On the other hand, if I rent a house, I could find someone else to share with me. The only problem is that a house full of people might be too noisy for me. I prefer to have my own space. The city has some nice apartments, but they are also too expensive. However, if I could find a two-bedroom apartment and get a roommate, that would make it more affordable. I just need to search for a roommate who is neat and quiet. You know I can not live with someone who is loud and messy. I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location. I probably need to look for somewhere near a bus stop or an underground station. That way I will have more time to study and spend less time travelling.

I'm looking forward to your reply.

Love,

Victor (1)Victor feels excited because he can decide where to live.

(2)Victor wants to share the house with a(an)neat and quiet person.

(3)If Victor finds a roommate, he will waste money.

(4)Victor doesn't have a car, so he wants a two-bed-room apartment

(5)Victor also needs to think carefully about the location.

【答案】(1)1

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

(5)1

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Victor写信向Alan询问怎样选择新居住地。

(1)细节题。根据I have a chance to choose my new place to live in. I am excited and a little nervous.可知Victor是兴奋的,因为他有机会选择新住址,故选正确。

(2)细节题。根据I just need to search for a roommate who is neat and quiet.可知Victor希望舍友是干净和文静的,故选正确。

(3)细节题。根据However, if I could find a two-bedroom apartment and get a roommate, that would make it more affordable. 可知Victor找到舍友后会平分房租,所以不是浪费钱,故选错误。

(4)细节题。根据I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location.可知Victor没有车,所以也需要仔细考虑位置,而不是想要一个两间卧室的公寓,故选错误。(5)细节题。根据I do not have a car, so I also need to think carefully about the location.可知Victor没有车,所以也需要仔细考虑位置,故选正确。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

4.阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

Texting while driving is against the law in 47 states. But what about texting while walking? A 2018 study reported that more than 2, 500 people in the US ended up in hospitals resulting from using a mobile device (设备) while walking.

Hawaii passed a law making it illegal (违法的) to text or look down at a mobile device while crossing the street, it is the first state with a law like this. Do people think more places should accept such a law? The LA Times did a survey. Here are some replies they received.

Rena Jose, 26, New York

Which is more important, texting or safety? If you are looking at your phone while walking, you might not see a car come or traffic lights turn red. It can be very dangerous. For example, in Japan, one person fell into a lake and another got her leg stuck in a hole, because both had their

mind on their phone. We should make texting while crossing the street illegal in more cities. Andy Selvam, 55, California

People do many things that cause injury to themselves but are not illegal, such as climbing mountains, driving cars, swimming and so on. People might get hurt from texting and walking if they're not paying attention. But 1 still think they should have a choice.

Bob Madigan, 45, Oregon

As humans, we can make our own decisions. I'm not saying it's safe, but we don't need the government to babysit us. If we want to learn to make smart decisions, the government needs to stop telling us what to do. After all, this is a free country.

Andrew Black, 34, Alaska

This law is a good idea—compare this protection with seat belts. If this law is passed all over the USA, people will be worried. But is there really a way to please everyone? This would not be for fun. It would be safe and good for all Americans.

street.

A. Alaska

B. California

C. Hawaii

D. New York

(2)The LA Times did the survey most probably to ________.

A. win the hearts of more readers

B. encourage more states to pass the law

C. ask readers if they agree with texting while driving

D. learn about people's opinions on texting while walking

(3)In Rena's reply, she showed the danger of texting while walking by ________.

A. using numbers

B. giving examples

C. asking questions

D. telling stories

(4)Which of the following is Andrew Black's opinion?

A. Texting is more important than safety.

B. The law would help to keep Americans safe.

C. It's easy to please everyone when passing a law.

D. Whether to text or not while walking is people's own choice.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)B

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍在美国的47个州,开车时发短信是违法的。而在夏威夷,通过了一项法律,规定过马路时发短信或看手机是违法的,这是第一个有类似法律的州。与此同时洛杉矶报对一些人对这项法律的看法做了一次调查。

(1)细节理解题。由Hawaii passed a law making it illegal (违法的) to text or look down at a mobile device while crossing the street, it is the first state with a law like this. 可知在夏威夷过马路时发短信或看手机是违法的,故选C。

(2)逻辑推理题。由Do people think more places should accept such a law?可以推知想通过调查过马路时发短信或看手机是违法的看法,故选D。

(3)论证的方法题。由Which is more important, texting or safety? If you are looking at your phone while walking, you might not see a car come or traffic lights turn red. It can be very dangerous.可知想通过实例来说明走路看手机的危害,故选B。

(4)细节理解题。由 If this law is passed all over the USA, people will be worried. But is there really a way to please everyone? This would not be for fun. It would be safe and good for all Americans.可知这条法律对所有美国人都是安全和有益的,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先通读全文,了解全文大意,其次分析问题,抓住关键词,在文中寻找相关信息,确定答案,最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

5.阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

(1)Totally Wild Hotel is special because of ________.

A. its high price

B. its good breakfast

C. the lovely giraffes

D. the old buildings

(2)According to the text, people can ________ in Kenya.

A. cheer on camels in Lamu Old Town

B. have breakfast with zebras in Totally Wild Hotel

C. see lions. Zebras. elephants in East National Park

D. watch the bright pink birds near Lake Nakuru

(3)________ will most probably be interested in the text above.

A. People who enjoy travelling

B. Scientists who study birds

C. Players who are good at running

D. People who have a pain in the neck

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要介绍非洲肯尼亚全野生旅馆包括地点、一夜的价格、特点、最酷的事情和能做的事情。

(1)细节理解题。由The feeling you're being watched that's because a giraffe might be at your hotel wndows! The hotel is home to about 10 Ronschids giraffes that walk around the house. And they're surely not shy. Some of thegiraffes may stick their heads into your second-story bedroom wingows...可知到处都有可爱的长颈鹿,故选C。

(2)细节理解题。由bird-watch on the banks of Lake Nakuru, where hundreds of thousands of the bright pink birds get together each year.可知看那库鲁湖附近的粉红色小鸟,故选D。(3)推理判断题。根据本文主要介绍非洲肯尼亚全野生旅馆的特色,可知只有喜欢旅游的人才会感兴趣,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先通读全文,了解全文大意,其次分析问题,抓住关键词,在文中寻找相关信息,确定答案,最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

6.阅读理解

Do stars only appear at night? The answer is no .Venus (金星) is the one and only star that can be seen in the daytime. It shone at its brightest in the night sky on February 17th, 2017.

Venus is the second planet from the sun in our solar system. It is the second brightest natural object, behind Earth's moon, in the night sky. Why is it so bright?

First of all, Venus is the closest planet to Earth. It is also covered by highly reflective (反射的)clouds, which can reflect about 70 percent of the sunlight striking(照射) it, almost twice as much as Earth does.

Some called 2017 the year of Venus, because the planet is at its brightest when it goes further away from the sun, and nearer to Earth. The brightest moment happened once in February, and happened again, during daylight, on April 30th.

If Venus is so bright and close to us, isn't it a better choice for human exploration than Mars? It is closer to Earth than Mars and it's closer to Earth in size. The closer distance to the sun means solar power would be easier to generate (产生) as well.

However, with a temperature of about 465℃on the surface, Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system!

But scientists never give up. Recently, a team of NASA and Russian scientists created new computer equipment that can stand the temperature of 480℃. It can work under Venus-like conditions for almost 22 days.

The next step, according to the scientists, is to send a probe(探测器)to Venus by 2025.(1)Which of the following about Venus is NOT true?

A. It's the only star that can be seen in the daytime.

B. It's the second planet from the sun.

C. It's the brightest natural object in the night sky.

D. It's the closest planet to Earth.

(2)Venus is at its brightest when .

A. it can reflect about 35 percent of the sunlight

B. it goes further away from the sun and nearer to Earth

C. it is closest to the sun and furthest from Earth

D. the dates are February 17th and April 30th every year

(3)What makes Venus a worse place for human exploration than Mars?

A. The closer distance to Earth.

B. The similar size to Earth.

C. Too much solar power to use.

D. The extremely high temperature.

(4)According to the last two paragraphs, the new computer equipment .

a. was created by some UK scientists

b. can stand the temperature of 480℃

c. can work for about 22 days under Venus-like conditions

d. will be sent to Venus by 2025

A. ab

B. bc

C. cd

D. ad

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文讲的是金星是唯一一颗在白天可以看到的星星。今年2月17日,它在夜空中最亮。金星是太阳的第二颗行星。在夜空中,它是地球月亮后面第二亮的自然物体。为什么这么亮?首先,金星是离地球最近的行星。它也被高度反射的云层覆盖,这些云层可以反射大约70%的阳光,几乎是地球的两倍。它比火星里地球近。金星是太阳系最热的行星。科学家从未放弃研究金星。到2025年科学家将发射探测器到金星。

(1)细节理解题。根据 It is the second brightest natural object, behind Earth's moon, in the night sky. 在夜空中,它是第二最亮的自然体,可知选项C叙述和文章不符,故选C。(2)细节理解题。根据Some called 2017 the year of Venus, because the planet is at its brightest when it goes further away from the sun, and nearer to Earth. 一些人称2017年是金星年,因为这个行星最亮了当它远离太阳,离地球较近时。故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据 However, with a temperature of about 465℃on the surface, Venus is

the hottest planet in our solar system! 然而,它表面的温度是465度,金星是太阳系最热的行星。可知是它的高温使得它比火星更难探索。故选D。

(4)细节理解题。根据Recently, a team of NASA and Russian scientists created new computer equipment that can stand the temperature of 480℃. It can work under Venus-like conditions for almost 22 days.和according to the scientists, is to send a probe(探测器)to Venus by 2025.可知b,c,d三点的叙述是正确的,故选B。

【点评】此题考查阅读理解。这个题是细节理解题。我们先分析问题,弄清问题所在,然后带着问题阅读短文,从短文的细节中找到和问题相关的句子,然后选择正确选项,最后再次阅读短文,进行核查,确定正确答案。

7.阅读理解

It is true that people with better education are usually able to get better paying jobs. In other words, they have more chances to choose a good job while people with little or no education don't. It seems that the purpose of education is to make people get jobs. But this isn't accepted by all people.

Some people may think that a person should spend the best years of his life to get education only for a way of living. This was probably one of the earliest reasons of education. In fact, if education is just a way of making a living, people don't need to spend so much time in school. People can get education for a living in a short time. Subjects like history and geography need not be taught to everyone. Even language and mathematics need not be taught in detail(详细地), either. Here it is clear that education is much more than teaching a man to get a way of living.

Education is well-rounded and it is mainly for improving a man. It is not only to teach him to speak, read and write, but also to develop his creative thinking and other abilities. After that, it is to make him a wise man and thankfully enjoy the achievements of human. Education is to make a man lead a better life. Educated people are expected to be able to listen to good music, read good books, watch plays and most of all take an interest in the world.

I would agree that making a living is an important reason for education, but certainly not the most important or the main reason.

(1)People with little education usually .

A. spend a long time in school

B. have a good chance to get a job

C. spend the best years to choose jobs

D. have fewer chances to get a good job

(2)The earliest education was probably to .

A. make a man lead a better life

B. teach a man to write and think

C. make people get a way of living

D. teach people to read good books

(3)It is expected that educated people will be able to .

A. accept education as a way of living

B. take an interest in the whole world

C. develop their abilities to make plays

D. learn subjects like language and math

(4)The writer thinks that .

A. education should make a man improve

B. people can get education in a short time

C. making a living is the most important reason for education

D. all subjects are so important for a way of living

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)B

(4)A

【解析】【分析】短文大意:这篇短文中作者主要论述了教育的由来,人们要接受教育的原因以及接受教育对于人们工作生活的意义。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段In other words, they have more chances to choose a good job while people with little or no education don't.描述,可知接受教育很少的人,获得好工作的机会很少。故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据第二段Some people may think that a person should spend the best years of his life to get education only for a way of living. This was probably one of the earliest reasons of education.描述,可知早期的教育只是为了一种生活方式,故选C。

(3)细节理解题。根据Educated people are expected to be able to listen to good music, read good books, watch plays and most of all take an interest in the world.受过教育的人应该能够听好音乐,读好书,看戏剧,而且最重要的是对世界感兴趣。可知受过教育的人最重要的是对世界感兴趣。故选B。

(4)细节理解题。根据短文第三段描述Education is well-rounded and it is mainly for improving a man.可知教育是全面的,主要是为了提高人的素质。教育有助于一个人提高自身水平。故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先通读全文,了解全文大意,其次分析问题,抓住关键词,在文中寻找相关信息,确定答案,最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

8.阅读理解

The story of how the song Happy Birthday to You came to be, began as a sweet one that later sourced. Two sisters, Mildred Hill, a teacher at the Louisville, Kentucky Experimental Kindergarten, and Dr. Patty Hill, the headmaster of the same school, together wrote a song for the children, called Good Morning to All. As the local expert on spiritual songs, and as the organist(风琴师)for her church, Mildred combined her musical talents with her sister's knowledge in the area of Kindergarten Education, Good Morning to All was sure to be a success.

The sisters published the song in a collection named "Song Stories of the Kindergarten" in 1893.Thirty-one years later, after Dr. Patty Hill became the head of the Department of Kindergarten Education at Columbia University's Teacher College, a gentleman by the name of Robert H. Coleman published the song, without the sisters'permission. What was worse, he added a second verse(歌词)Happy Birthday to You.

Mr. Coleman's addition of the second verse made the song become well known and, gradually, the sisters' original first verse disappeared. Happy Birthday to You, the one and only birthday song, had altogether replaced the sisters' original title Good Morning to All.

After Mildred died in 1916, Patty, together with a third sister, Jessica, discussed the issue together and took Mr. Coleman to court(法庭), they proved that they, indeed, owned the

melody(曲调). The court finally decided that the family legally(合法地)owns the song, whenever it is sung for commercial purposes(商业目的).

(1)The underlined words "that later sourced" in the first paragraph means .

A. the song later had an unhappy story

B. the song was later used for commercial purposes

C. the words of the song were totally changed by others

D. the song didn't become popular after years of its birth

(2)What made the song Good Morning to All a success?

A. Mr. Coleman's addition of the second verse.

B. Mildred's passion and Patty's years of hard work.

C. Mildred and Patty's love and patience for children.

D. Mildred's musical talents and Patty's educational experiences.

(3)Which is the right order of the following events?

a. Good Morning to All was published.

b. Mr. Coleman was taken to court.

c. A second verse was added to Good Morning to All.

d. Happy Birthday to You became very popular.

e. Mr. Coleman published the song.

A. adceb

B. aecdb

C. acedb

D. acebd

(4)What is the passage mainly about?

A. The addition of a famous song.

B. The origin of a famous song.

C. The life of Mr. Coleman.

D. The life of the Hill sisters.

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意: Happy Birthday to You 这首歌的由来。

(1)词义推断题。根据文中的语句The story of how the song Happy Birthday to You came to be, began as a sweet one that later sourced.可知,一开始是件令人愉快的事,到后来就变了味,令人很扫兴。故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句As the local expert on spiritual songs, and as the organist (风琴师) for her church, Mildred combined her musical talents with her sister's knowledge in the area of Kindergarten Education, Good Morning to All was sure to be a success.可知,米尔德里德将她的音乐天赋与她姐姐在幼儿园教育领域的知识结合起来,使Good Morning to All 这首歌变得非常成功,故选D。

(3)理解归纳题。根据The sisters published the song in a collection named "Song Stories of the Kindergarten" in 1893.可知,第一是a;根据语句 What was worse, he added a second verse(歌词)Happy Birthday to You.可知,第二个是c;根据a gentleman by the name of Robert H. Coleman published the song可知,第三个是e;根据文中的语句Mr. Coleman's addition of the second verse made the song become well known and, gradually, the sisters'

original first verse disappeared.可知,第四个是d;根据文中的语句After Mildred died in 1916, Patty, together with a third sister, Jessica, discussed the issue together and took Mr. Coleman to court可知,第五个是B,因此顺序为acedb,故选C。

(4)理解归纳题。通读全文语句可知,此文主要介绍了Happy Birthday to You的由来,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出主题句。

9.阅读理解

SAFETY RULES ON THE MTR TRAINS

中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

At the station:

?Be patient. Line up on the platform(站台) and wait for the train.

?Be polite. Let passengers get off first.

?Do not rush onto the train. It is dangerous.

?When you hear a "beep" sound, do not get on the train. The door is closing. Wait for another train.

On the train:

?Do not eat or drink on the train. It makes the train dirty.

?Do not run on the train.

?Give your seat to old men or women, the disabled or women carrying babies.

A. be a careful driver

B. buy MTR tickets

C. be a good passenger

D. keep safe at home

(2)People who will get on the train should __________.

A. wait in line

B. open the door

C. ask for help

D. leave the seats

(3)When you hear a "beep" sound, ____________.

A. close the door

B. rush onto the train

C. get off the train at once

D. stop and wait for the next train

(4)The text is probably a __________.

A. report

B. notice

C. diary

D. poem

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】文章介绍了地铁站的一些应遵守的规则。

(1)细节理解题。根据SAFETY RULES ON THE MTR TRAINS可知,本文主要告诉读者如何成为一名乘客,故答案是C。

(2)细节理解题。根据Be patient. Line up on the platform(站台)and wait for the train.可知,上火车应该排队等候,故答案是A。

(3)细节理解题。根据When you hear a "beep" sound, do not get on the train.The door is closing. Wait for another train.可知,当你听到了警示声音,不能上车,要等下一趟车,故答案是D。

(4)主旨大意题。根据文章内容可知,这是一则通告或者告示,告诉乘客有关乘车安全事宜,故答案是B。

【点评】考查阅读理解题,本文涉及到了细节理解题和和主旨大意题。细节理解题比较简单,可知直接从文章中找到答案,主旨大意题则需要根据结合文章的主要内容确定中心意思。

10.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

A. Its head was broken off.

B. It was taken by soldiers.

C. It was broken by Joe.

D. It was lost in the war.

(2)The best word for the blank is .

A. slow

B. hard

C. fast

D. quick

(3)What is the song mainly about ?

A. Dangerous war.

B. Interesting games.

C. Pleasant summer.

D. Valuable friendship.【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)D

【解析】【分析】本文是一首诗歌,讲述了两个从小一起玩的小男孩,他们小时候一起玩木头马,Jack的马坏了,Joe就让他一起玩他的玩具马;长大了他们当了士兵去打仗,Jack 受伤了,Joe骑着马把Jack带走了。

(1)细节题。根据短文中Then Jack broke off his horse's head可知Jack的玩具马的头断了,故选A。

(2)推理题。根据诗歌的第二节Long years past很多年过去了,战争来了,这个空与上句话在词尾是押韵的,past的结尾是/st/,因此这个空应填fast,它的结尾音也是/st/,故选C。

(3)主旨题。这篇短文讲述了两个从小一起玩的小男孩,他们小时候一起玩木头马,Jack 的马坏了,Joe就让他一起玩他的玩具马;长大了他们当了士兵去打仗,Jack受伤了,Joe 骑着马来把Jack带走了。从这首诗歌中,我们可以看到两个人珍贵的友谊,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题3种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

中考英语阅读理解(含答案)

Bike-sharing has swept across China, with an increasing number of people choosing bike riding instead of driving. The bike that the service company provides has GPS or Bluetooth on it, and those bikes can be easily unlocked with a smartphone and left anywhere in public. Bike-sharing allows people to borrow a bike from one place and return it at another place easily.

In some cities, we can see more and more people riding this kind of sharing-bikes. It's very convenient to use the bikes if you have a smartphone. First, you have to download such an app on your smartphone. Then what you need to do is find a nearest hike through the app, scan the QR code on the bike or connect your phone with the bike over a Bluetooth wireless connection. You will find the bike can be unlocked itself. Then you can enjoy your trip. What's more, the

greatest advantage of hike- sharing is that you can easily find one and never worry about where to park it. The cost of riding depends on the time that you spend. Normally, every hour you ride, you need to pay one yuan. It doesn't cost so much, does it?

At the same time, some people park the hikes in their own homes. Besides, some people don't value the bikes. Now service companies are trying to solve the problems like being stolen.

Technology and science have changed our social lifestyles. We have to say bike- sharing brings us more convenience without doubt. And we also hope that people can not only enjoy it but also put it to good use.

(1)From the first paragraph, we know ______.

A. bike-sharing is invented in China

B. sharing-bikes are used by some people

C. most people in cities don t drive

D. sharing-bikes can be borrowed anywhere

(2)II you want to use a sharing-bike, you must _________ first.

A. have a smartphone and download an app

B. download an app and pay for the trip

C. unlock the bike and download an app

D. find a nearest bike and borrow it from anyone

(3)Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage?

A. Bike-sharing is very cheap.

B. Sharing-bikes may be stolen.

C. Sharing-bikes are easy to unlock.

D. Bike-sharing is a kind of green transport.

(4)The passage probably comes from a ________.

A. science textbook

B. tourist guide

C. website news report

D. restaurant menu

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述了共享单车在中国越来越受欢迎。如果想使用共享单车,必须要有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序。它使用起来非常方便,而且价格也很便宜。但是现在有的人不爱惜自行车,到处乱放,还有自行车被偷盗现象,服务公司正试图解决这个问题。毫无疑问自行车共享给我们的出行带来了更多的便利,我们要很好地利用它。(1)推理题。根据Bike-sharing allows people to borrow a bike from one place and return it at another place easily自行车共享让人们可以很容易地从一个地方借自行车,然后在另一个地方归还,可知一些人使用共享自行车,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据文中句子“It's very convenient to use the bikes if you have a smart phone. First, you have to download such an APP on your smart phone.”(如果你有智能手机,使用自行车非常方便。首先,你必须在智能手机上下载这样的应用程序。)可知,如果你想使用共享单车,你必须先有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序,故选A。

(3)细节题。根据文中句子“The bike that the s ervice company provides has GPS or Bluetooth on it. And those bikes can be easily unlocked with a smart phone and left anywhere in public.”可知,共享单车很容易解锁;根据“Now service companies are trying to solve the problem like being stolen.”可知,共享自行车可能会被盗;根据“The cost of riding depends on the time that you spend. Normally, every hour you ride, you need to pay one yuan. It doesn't cost so much, does it?”可知,使用共享单车比较便宜;Bike-sharing is a kind of green transport ,自行车共享是一种绿色交通工具,文章没有提及,故选D。

(4)推理题。A 科学教科,B旅游指南,C网站新闻报道,D餐馆菜单,根据本文是讲述了共享单车在中国越来越受欢迎。如果想使用共享单车,必须要有一个智能手机并下载一个应用程序,可知短文来自网站新闻报道,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息。

12.阅读理解

Please Take my Children to Work Day(PTCW Day) first began as a holiday for hard-working and tired stay-at-home mothers to take a day off. Now, this day is fit for any parent. It was created in 2003 and is celebrated each year on June 25, but it isn't a public holiday. It encourages friends and family to take care of the children so that the stay-at-home parent can have some time to relax.

Kamehameha Day is held on June 11 each year. Kamehameha the Great was the monarch(君主) of Hawaii. He is famous and respected for establishing(建立) the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1810.Kamehameha Day is a public holiday in Hawaii, and this is a day off for people School and most businesses are closed.

D-Day is celebrated in the U.S. to memorize the Normandy landings in France on June 6, 1944. On the day, American army and other Allied forces(盟军) fought hard and the World War Ⅱ(WWⅡ) in Europe was over soon. It is not a public holiday. Businesses have normal opening hours.

Flag Day is celebrated on June 14 each year to honor the United States flag. On the same day, the United States Army celebrates its birthday. Although Flag Day is a great celebration across the country, it is not a public holiday.

(1)If you are a stay﹣at﹣home parent, what can you do to relax on PTCW Day?

A. Take a day off.

B. Go to work earlier.

C. Look after children.

D. Do some housework.(2)Which is a public holiday?

A. PTCW Day.

B. Kamehameha Day.

C. D﹣Day.

D. Flag Day.(3)When is the United States Amy's birthday?

A. On June 6.

B. On June 11.

C. On June 14.

D. On June 25.

(4)What can we know about D﹣Day?

A. It is celebrated in France.

B. The WWⅡ ended before 1944.

C. Businesses are closed for it.

D. The Normandy landings happened in 1944.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】大意:本文分别讲述了Work Day, Kamehameha Day, D﹣Day和Flag Day 等节日时间,以及它们的意义。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一句Please Take my Children to Work Day(PTCW Day)first began as a holiday for hard﹣working and tired stay-at-home mothers to take a day off. "带孩子工作日"(PTCW日)最初是作为一个在家里劳累的妈妈们休息一天的节日。可知,这一天妈妈们可以休息一天,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据第二段Kamehameha Day is held on June 11 each year. Kamehameha Day is a public holiday in Hawaii,and this is a day off for people School.卡美哈美哈日每年6月11日举行。卡美哈美哈日是夏威夷的公共假日,这是人民学校的休息日。可知,卡美哈美哈日是个公共假期,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据最后一段Flag Day is celebrated on June 14 each year to honor the United States flag On the same day,the United States Army celebrates its birthday,国旗日是每年6月14日庆祝美国国旗的同一天,美国陆军庆祝其生日,可知,美国陆军是6月14日,故选C。

(4)细节理解题。根据第三段D-Day is celebrated in the U. S. to memorize the Normandy landings in France on June 6,1944.1944年6月6日,在美国庆祝诺曼底登陆日,纪念诺曼底登陆法国。可知,诺曼底登陆是在1944年,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解能力,细节题、是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题要从文中寻找答案。

13.阅读理解

Sitting among the cheering fans of the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team in Rio de Janeiro, a Polish fan caught a lot of attention. It is not because he is not Chinese, but because he has followed the team closely from the very beginning

The 60-year-old Jozef fell in love with the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team at the first sight when he watched the girls at the London Olympics on TV in 2012. The Polish man was crazy about the performances of the young team, especially by its core player Hui Ruoqi. Before that Jozef was a loyal fan of his home team﹣ the Polish men's volleyball.

Since then, Jozef has become crazy about the team and has kept track of almost all their international competitions. Back in the 2013 Montreux Volley Masters of Switzerland, the Polishman, for the first time, came to cheer up for the team on site. He also drove all the way from Polandto Italy to lend support for the girls during the 2014 Women's World Volleyball Championship.

The hardcore fan traveled hundreds of miles from Poland to Brazil, and booked tickets for allmatches of the Chinese Women's Volleyball. This time, Jozef was interviewed by TV and has

been recognized by not just fans, but millions of Chinese TV audience.

The" Polish grandpa" was a nickname given by Chinese volleyball fans. He has 18,000 followers on Sina Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, where Jozef has been sharing his obsession with Chinese internet users since 2013.

(1)Why did Jozef get much attention?

A. He was interviewed by Chinese TV.

B. He is a famous and loyal Polish fan.

C. He has supported the Chinese team from the start.

D. He was sitting among the fans of the Chinese team.

(2)When did Jozef first become interested in the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team?

A. In 2012.

B. In 2013.

C. In 2014.

D. In 2015.

(3)How did Jozef come to Italy to support the Chinese Woomen's Volleyball Team?

A. By car

B. By bus

C. By bike

D. By plane

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. Jozef has already had millions of fans in Poland.

B. Jozef has been a fan of his home team since 2012.

C. Jozef first cheered up for the Chinese team on site in 2014.

D. Jozef has followed most of the international matches of the Chinese team.

(5)What has Jozef been doing on Sina Weibo?

A. Giving support to the Polish team

B. Sharing his love for the Chinese team

C. Answering questions about playing volleyball

D. Booking tickets for matches of the Chinese team

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)A

(4)D

(5)B

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了中国女排的铁杆球迷“波兰爷爷”。他从一开始就密切关注球队现年60岁的乔泽夫在2012年伦敦奥运会的电视上看到这些女孩时,第一眼就爱上了中国女排。波兰人对青年队的表现非常着迷,尤其是对其核心球员惠若奇的表现。在2014年世界女子排球锦标赛上,他还从意大利的波兰多驱车前往支持这些女孩。这位铁杆球迷从波兰到巴西旅行了数百英里,并预订了中国女排所有比赛的门票。不仅得到了电视迷的认可,也得到了数以百万计的中国电视观众的认可。他在新浪微博上有18000名粉丝,这是中国对Twitter的回应。

(1)细节理解题。根据 It is not because he is not Chinese, but because he has followed the team closely from the very beginning这不是因为他不是中国人,而是因为他从一开始就密切关注球队。可只是因为他从一开始就支持中国队,故答案选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据The 60-year-old Jozef fell in love with the Chinese Women's Volleyball Team at the first sight when he watched the girls at the London Olympics on TV in 2012. 现年60

岁的乔泽夫在2012年伦敦奥运会的电视上看到这些女孩时,第一眼就爱上了中国女排。可知是从2012年开始,故答案选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据He also drove all the way from Polandto Italy to lend support for the girls during the 2014 Women's World Volleyball Championship在2014年世界女子排球锦标赛上,他还从意大利的波兰多驱车前往支持这些女孩,可知是开车。故答案选A。

(4)细节理解题。根据and booked tickets for all matches of the Chinese Women's Volleyball. 并预定了中国女排所有比赛的门票。可知乔泽夫跟踪了中国队的大部分国际比赛,故答案选D。

(5)细节理解题。根据He has 18, 000 followers on Sina Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, where Jozef has been sharing his obsession with Chinese internet users since 2013. 他在新浪微博上有18000名粉丝,这是中国对Twitter的回应, 自2013年以来,Jozef一直在与中国网民分享他对Twitter的痴迷。可知他在微博上分享他对中国队的爱,故答案选B。【点评】考查阅读理解题,本文涉及到了细节理解题,细节理解体比较简单,可知直接从文章中找到答案。

14.阅读理解

"Without music, life would be a mistake, "famous German philosopher(哲学家)Friedrich Nietzsche said over a century ago. Music is a big part of our lives. But in recent years, some American schools have cut music classes to control budgets(预算).

For example, Chicago public schools hurt arts education when it fired over 1, 000 teachers. Among them, 10 percent of the teachers taught art or music, according to The Washington Times. In fact, this is not just a problem in the US. In other countries, such as China and the UK, music classes are not thought to be as important as ones like science, math and history. That's partly because music is not seen as a very important life skill, and it isn't tested. Many students are busy with schoolwork, so parents and students choose to focus on subjects that are tested more often. However, learning music is beneficial(有益的)in many ways.

When playing music, you need different abilities to work together. It is not as simple as it looks, according to Kenneth K. Guilmartin of Music Together, an early childhood music development program. For example, when playing the piano, people see music notes and decode(解码)them in their brains. They also use their fingers to make sounds. You need to deal with all these things at the same time.

Music has a special connection with science as well. You can see that many scientists are good at playing music:Einstein played the violin and German physicist Max Planck was talented in playing the piano.

(1)Some schools in the US cut music classes, because ____.

A. they were too difficult to learn

B. students in the US weren't interested in music

C. the schools wanted to control budgets

D. there weren't enough music teachers in the US (2)In Paragraph 2, what does the underlined word "them" refer to(指代)?

A. Students in Chicago.

B. Public schools.

C. Parents in Chicago.

D. Fired teachers.(3)How many scientists who are good at playing music are mentioned in this passage?

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