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江苏省盐城市2018届高三第三次模拟考试_英语附答案解析

盐城市2018 届高三年级第三次模拟考试

英语试题

第一部分听力(共两节,满分20 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到

答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 1 0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the woman probably doing?

A. Watching a movie.

B. Reading a newspaper.

C. Making an advertisement.

2. What are the speakers talking about in general?

A. Their best memories of a relaxing holiday.

B. Their travelling plans for the summer holiday.

C. Their favorite ways of travelling around the world.

3. When will the meeting begin?

A. At 3:20.

B. At 3:40.

C. At 4:00.

4. Where are the speakers?

A. In a shop.

B. In a restaurant.

C. In the man ’s house.

5. What does the woman mean?

A . She doesn ’t need the man ’s help.

B. She expects the man to move the desk.

C. She wants to remove the books from the desk.

第二节(共15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分15 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第6、7 题。

6. What does the man say about his job?

A. The boss is really nice.

B. Workmates look friendly.

C. Workplace is small and noisy.

7. What can we learn from the conversation?

A. The boss told the man all the rules.

B. Mark will become the boss this year.

C. The man will cooperate with Mark.

听第7 段材料,回答第8、9 题。

8. Why does the woman talk to the man?

A. He lost his student visa.

B. He often makes trouble.

C. He is often absent from class.

9. What i s the worst result of the man ’s behaviour?

A. He ’ll be sent back home.

C. He ’sl l t ay in the police station.

听第8 段材料,回答第10 至12 题。

10. What does the man mainly mention about Helen?

A. Changes in her character.

B. Problems with teachers.

C. Relationships with parents.

11. What does the man decide to do in the end?

A. Have a talk with Helen.

B. Talk with Helen ’s f a C t h.e Sr.p e nd more time with Helen.

12. What can we learn about Helen?

A. Her parents are very busy.

B. Classmates dislike her.

C. Teachers worry about her.

听第9 段材料,回答第13 至16 题。

13. What did Nick and Mel do when they were young?

A. They learned to act at school.

B. They went to live concerts with their father.

C. They were encouraged to play music by their mother.

14. When was the band Krispy started?

A. After Nick and Mel played together.

B. After Nick began studying at a music school.

C. After two musicians saw Nick and Mel playing.

15. What do we know about the band in the first year?

A. They recorded two albums.

B. They joined a music company.

C. They were welcome in the concert.

16. What has disappointed the man?

A. Parents forbade them to join a company.

B. His illness delayed a new album recording.

C. The first album has sold under a million copies.

听第10 段材料,回答第17 至20 题。

17. What can be clearly affected if teenagers lack sleep?

A. Their spirits.

B. Their long-term health.

C. Their academic performance.

18. What is to blame for teenagers not getting enough sleep according to the speaker?

A. Poor diet.

B. Lack of exercise.

C. Too much entertainment.

19. What advice does the speaker give to teenagers who have trouble getting to sleep?

A. Listen to music.

B. Read a book.

C. Drink hot chocolate.

20. What does the speaker suggest schools should do?

A. Start lessons later.

B. Shorten the school day.

C. Offer classes in the evenings.

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35 分)

第一节单项填空(共15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分15 分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A 、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Thomas made ______ his concerns about the changes that had been introduced at work.

A. plain

B. perfect

C. easy

D. ambiguous

22. Over the last four decades, the Chinese people have ______ enhanced productivity through

hard work with a firm spirit.

A. roughly

B. merely

C. significantly

D. equally

23. —Can you give me some advice on how to deal with that tough customer?

—I ______ to her instead of trying to explain over the phone if in your shoes.

A. will write

B. would write

C. were to write

D. would have written

24. My printer is fiv e years old, so I ’d like to ______ it and purchase a new one online.

A. delete

B. retire

C. refresh

D. declare

25. —You should have heard Tom yesterday?

—Sure. He’s charged with taking the car without the owner ’s ______.

A. enquiry

B. privilege

C. command

D. consent

26. In terms of the urban effects of the technology, our cities are ______ for self-driving cars.

A. nowhere near ready

B. near nowhere ready

C. anywhere near ready

D. near anywhere ready

27. I sent in my application three weeks ago and they ’re probably not going to call me back. I

still ______ hope, though.

A. holding out

B. working out

C. figuring out

D. setting out

28. Many graduates aren ’t prepared for what the future has ______t h w e h y e c n o m e out of school.

A. in demand

B. at ease

C. at length

D. in store

29. ______ to finding ways to make music accessible to all children is Ms. Thompson with a touring

company of professional musicians.

A. Devoting

B. Devoted

C. Being devoted

D. Having been devoted

30. By December 2017, the number of Chinese netizens reached 772 million, ______ 753 million

surf the Internet via mobile phones.

A. which

B. whose

C. of which

D. for whom

31. Many of life ’s failures are experienced by people who did not realize how close they were to

success ______ they gave up.

A. once

B. while

C. when

D. unless

32. Never throughout history has a man who ______ a life of ease left a name worth remembering.

A. lives

B. lived

C. would live

D. had lived

33. If we worked on the assumption ______ what is accepted as true really is true, then there

would be little hope for advance.

A. where

B. if

C. whether

D. that

34. It had been many years since my last visit, but I found the house by ______.

A. losing my head

B. catching my eye

C. biting my tongue

D. following my nose

35. —Wall Street English just launched a new WeChat learning platform and we can take free

classes!

—______ ! Let me have a look!

A. You don ’t say

B. You have got it

C. You have me there

D. You can say that again

第二节完形填空(共20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分20 分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A 、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Stephen Hawking dies at 76 today, the day coinciding with the birthday of another legend of science,

Albert Einstein.

His 36 are in a state of deep shock and have tweeted that the death of the greatest scientist is

37 for they believed the man to be immortal. There ’s one thing that death’,s c3e8r t a i n h a o n w d it ’

and when it comes is something that can ’bt e in one’hsands. Or can it be? Looking at how Hawking

survived over half a century of being 39 the death sentence, the scales are tipping toward a yes.

And he indeed just didn 4’0t it; h e succeeded. “However difficult life may seem, there is always

something you can do and 41 at ”, he said. During the course of his rare disease, his 42 to the

field of physics stands out miraculously.

Now, what made the man a genius of mind? Was it his willpower or his 43 misfortune that

strengthened his mind? He was 44 with a crippling disease at the age of 21, which progressively

disables the individual. In the 45 of his genius, however, fortune 46 him since then. His

scientific work got 47 and better. The man, whose body was so fragile and seemed to 48 his

genius, never gave up.

Some experts say perhaps Hawking was 49 diagnosed and this is the reason of his surviving over

half a century. Also, doctors say the disease spread 50 than it does in most of the patients, giving him

more time. Hawking himself said, “I have been lucky that my condition h5a1s more slowly. But it

shows that one need not lose 52 . ”

Hawking seemed unaffected by the drawbacks life 53 at him. He calls all his accomplishments

that followed his disease a 54 . He indeed is a unique example of two mind powers 55 —an

astonishing willpower and a strong sense of determination. These two helped him fight against all odds.

36. A. ancestors B. doctors C. opponents D. followers

37. A. unavoidable B. unreasonable C. unbelievable D. unpredictable

38. A. or B. but C. so D. for

39. A. handed over B. turned over C. taken over D. run over

40. A. share B. control C. change D. survive

41. A. succeed B. wonder C. point D. laugh

42. A. explanation B. distribution C. contribution D. attention

43. A. mental B. emotional C. financial D. physical

44. A. infected B. occupied C. diagnosed D. concerned

45. A. respect B. event C. face D. name

46. A. tricked B. favored C. rejected D. abandoned

47. A. thicker B. tougher C. simpler D. lighter

48. A. corrupt B. fail C. spot D. strike

49. A. precisely B. entirely C. luckily D. wrongly

50. A. easier B. harder C. slower D. quicker

51. A. evolved B. progressed C. recovered D. improved

52. A. fate B. hope C. health D. fortune

53. A. screamed B. barked C. threw D. shot

54. A. bonus B. deposit C. reward D. gain

55. A. multiplied B. combined C. exploited D. separated

第三部分阅读理解(共15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分30 分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A 、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A Yale education emphasizes the importance of learning for public service. Founded in 1886, Dwight

Hall at Yale is a student-run, staff-supported public service and social action organization. Below is a list of

some active programs, which can be searched by name, cause, or type of service.

Logo Overview Mission

NEW HA VEN A IDS Walk New Haven

Cause(s):

Health & Medicine

Types of service:

Fundraising and Financial

Support

Application:

Join anytime!

A 5K off-campus walk to raise money to

provide support services to individuals and

families infected and affected by HIV/AIDS in

the greater New Haven community.

Our goals are to raise money, increase

public awareness, promote prevention through

advocacy.

American Red Cross at Yale We are an undergraduate organization

Cause(s): working to bring national American Red Cross

Health & Medicine projects to the Yale campus. Working with our

Types of service: local New Haven chapter to organize projects

Direct Service such as first aid and CPR training.

Advocacy and Education We use Yale University ’s significant people Application: resources to provide essential blood supplies to

Join anytime! hospitals and patients.

Best Buddies International

Cause(s):

Children & Youth The mission of Best Buddies International is to

People with Disabilities establisha global volunteermovementthat creates

Types of service: opportunitiesfor one-to-onefriendships,integrated

Direct Service employment and leadership development for people

Advocacy and Education with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Application:

Join anytime!

Bridges ESL provides free English language

Bridges ESL lessons to individuals in the Yale and New Haven

Cause(s): community who want or need to improve their

Education & Literacy communication skills and bridge their language

Types of service: gap. These individuals will acquire the English

Direct Service skills needed to be effective in the family, the

Application: university, the workplace, and the community.

Join anytime! Volunteer tutors are at the heart of our program.

Become a volunteer today!

56. Which of the following is TRUE in terms of health and medicine causes?

A. V olunteers will provide direct support services to AIDS victims.

B. AIDS Walk New Haven is targeted at Yale HIV-infected students.

C. American Red Cross at Yale encourages Yale students to donate blood.

D. Those joining American Red Cross at Yale should be medical experts.

57. As a new foreign university freshman, he/she is likely to benefit from ______.

A. AIDS Walk New Haven

B. American Red Cross at Yale

C. Best Buddies

D. Bridges ESL

B

Personally, I love writing reviews of any kind mostly because that way I can put all my thoughts about

the subject on the paper. Before we go on, I have to mention it is different when you write a review for

yourself i.e. your blog or website and for your professor in college.

To an untrained eye, reviews may seem pointless. What ’s the point of writing about something when

other people and your professor have already read the book? Isn ’t it enough to talk about it in the c Just as movie reviews develop your critical thinking, book reviews do the same. It is not enough to

read a book and call it a day; you have to establish your opinion, your likes, and dislikes. When a professor

gives you this assignment, he/she wants to see your abilities to analyze the book and use vocabulary skills to

discuss different parts of the plot.

Since we are accustomed to writing book reports at a very young age, it comes as no surprise we don

think book reviews are different than a book report. Contrary to the popular belief, book reviews and book

reports are two different types of writing. Knowing how they differ is essential for writing a high-quality

paper that will guarantee a good grade.

Book reports usually centre around topical details about the author and the plot of the story. On the

other hand, a book review is a more complicated approach to understanding and discussing a book. It

doesn ’t centre around a summary of each section, but you have to carry out a thorough analysis. As you

grow and develop as a student, so does your ability to think critically. You don ’t just sum just read but analyze every piece of the puzzle in order to show the ability not only to pay attention to detail

but also engage thinking critically. Here, you have to be careful that you aren ’t, actually, j story.

While book reviews may contain some elements of book reports e.g. author, characters, plot, the

emphasis is to provide a more detailed insight, go deeper and elaborate strengths and weaknesses of the

book, and discuss the elements of the story.

You know the difference between book reports and book reviews, now what? Now you ’reready to

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