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2014英语练习题

Test One

Part I Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: Choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B,

C and D.

1. The old man left home with his __D_____-looking hat that seemed as old as its owner.

A. funny

B. new

C. modern

D. ancient

2. His ___C____ deeds were almost unbelievable! I have never heard of someone as brave.

A. fearful

B. loving

C. heroic

D. shy

3. Students ___B_____ to the hall for a lecture given by a famous professor.

A. blocked

B. flocked

C. staggered

D. drifted

4. Thousands of people, dead or seriously injured, were buried underneath the ___A___ of the city after the bombing.

A. wreckage

B. foundation

C. base

D. destruction

5. The queen’s daughter felt a little unhappy abou t the rules that a(n) ____B___ member must obey.

A. loyal

B. royal

C. ordinary

D. luxury

6. Why are you getting so angry with her? She is a ____D___ child.

A. merely

B. more

C. just

D. mere

7. I only caught a ____B____ of the wom an, so I couldn’t remember what she looked like.

A. sight

B. glimpse

C. stare

D. look

8. The branches ___A______ when the wind gently blew.

A. swayed

B. shook

C. staggered

D. trembled

9. Looking down from the top of the hill, she felt slightly ___B____ and closed her eyes.

A. confused

B. dizzy

C. firm

D. steady

10. The train was just leaving as they ____C___ to catch it.

A. flamed

B. walked

C. dashed

D. blew

11. The people in this country have _____A_____ almost a decade of economic hardship.

A. endured

B. got

C. gone

D. wailed

12. New ___C______ of communication have opened up between the two governments.

A. methods

B. resolutions

C. channels

D. agreements

13. A virus has ___B______ most of their computers.

A. reached

B. invaded

C. smashed

D. rescued

14. He lost control of his car at the first bend and ____A______ into a tree.

A. crashed

B. drove

C. smashed

D. swayed

15. She was ____B______ from her poor factory job by a movie director searching for new talent.

A. employed

B. rescued

C. healed

D. exposed

16. Could you ___D_______ the lamp in the bedroom, please?

A. get out

B. put in

C. get in

D. put out

17. I’m afraid to ____C______ my thoughts and feelings to anyone.

A. explode

B. endure

C. expose

D. cast

18. We can’t afford such ___A_______ as piano lessons any more.

A. luxuries

B. allies

C. comforts

D. decencies

19. I was obviously ____D______ in his company, b ut I couldn’t explain why.

A. easy

B. difficult

C. indifferent

D. uneasy

20. The climate has changed too much and too quickly: this is why the wild animal ___B_______ is becoming more and more difficult every year.

A. rescue

B. survival

C. surrender

D. living

21. The burglar must have heard me, and he rushed out of the window ______A_______ he came in.

A. the way

B. in the way

C. through the way

D. by the way

22. I’ll fly there of course. It’s ______B_______ to swim.

A. too much far

B. much too far

C. far too much

D. far much too

23. With my team’s software, the plane was unlikely to taxi to the runway, _______C______ take off.

A. leave alone

B. let away

C. let alone

D. let along

24. Sue, I haven’t seen y ou for a while. Where have you been ______B_______?

A. hidden

B. hiding

C. concealed

D. concealing

25. I fear heights. At the mountain top I’d _____B________ all the time.

A. get my eye shut tight

B. have my eyes shut tight

C. tight shut my eyes.

D. closed my eyes tightly

26. From now on I will __A___ my seatbelt.

A. hook up

B. hook with

C. fasten with

D. tie up

27. A policeman ___A____ a driver and says, “Sir, you were speeding.”

A. pulls over

B. pulls on

C. pulls down

D. pulls up

28. “Well,” said the driver, “my mom might be coming _____A_____.

A. the other way

B. in the other way

C. through the other way.

D. at the other way.

29. The suspect claimed ___D_______ the house, though he did step out onto a second-story balcony.

A. never to leave

B. never to had left

C. to never have left

D. never to have left

30. I was walking home from work when this woman __B____ me right ____ my feet.

A. knocked ... away

B. knocked ... off

C. hit ... away

D. struck ... of

31. The border guard asked the young man, “Just ____B________, what were you smuggling?”

A. between me and you

B. between you and me

C. to tell me

D. from you to me

32. The captain could see that K enny’s yard __D___ the victim’s.

A. commanded

B. commanded over

C. looked over

D. overlooked

33. The robbers ___B___ the customers, including the lawyer, ____ against a wall.

A. lined ... down

B. lined ... up

C. queued ... down

D. queued ... up

34. Hey, you gave the beggar some of your ___C____ cash?

A. hardly-earned

B. hardly-earning

C. hard-earned

D. hard-earning

35. Hey, Mike, where are you ___B______?

A. of to

B. off to

C. away to

D. away for

36. What is the ___D____ a recession, a time of little economic activity?

A. solving method to

B. solving method towards

C. solve to

D. solution to

37. Everyone else will be wearing the latest Levis, and I will look stupid __A___ the same old skirts.

A. wearing

B. to wear

C. to be wearing

D. having worn

38. The middle-aged woman is ___C___. That style went out last year.

A. after the times

B. after time

C. behind the times

D. behind time

39. You’re right. I’m out of style. __A____?

A. So what

B. What so

C. What then

D. Then what

40. It is in those sewing rooms that fashionable clothes are copied and made up __C_____.

A. with a large number

B. with large numbers

C. in large numbers

D. in a large quantity

Part III Cloze

Directions: Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer from the choices.

There are many superstitions in Britain, but one of the most 51 held is that it is unlucky to walk under a ladder even if it means 52 the pavement into a busy street! 53 you must pass under a ladder you can 54 bad luck by crossing your fingers and 55 them crossed until you have seen a dog. 56 , you may lick your finger and 57 a cross on the toe of your shoe, and not look again at the shoe until the 58 has dried.

Another common 59 is that it is unlucky to open an umbrella in the house-it will either bring 60 to the person who opened it or to the whole 61. Anyone opening an umbrella in fine weather is 62, as it inevitably brings rain!

The number 13 is said to be unlucky for some, and when the 13th day of the month 63 on a Friday, anyone wishing to avoid a bad event had better stay 64. the worst misfortune that can happen to a person is caused by breaking a mirror, 65 it brings seven years of bad luck! The

superstition is supposed to 66 in ancient times, when mirrors were considered to be tools of the gods.

Black cats are generally considered lucky in Britain, even though they are 67 witchcraft…… it is 68 lucky if a black cat crosses your path-although in America the exact opposite belief prevails.

Finally, a commonly held superstition is that of touching wood 69 luck. This measure is most often taken if you think you have said something that is tempting fate, such as “my car has never 70 , touch wood?”

51. A broadly B widely C quickly D speedily

52. A running from B jumping off C stepping off D keeping from

53. A If B As C Though D Unless

54. A erase B remove C avoid D ease

55. A keep B keeping C kept D to keep

56. A Consequently B However C Comparatively D Alternatively

57. A make B print C perform D produce

58. A label B symbol C mark D cut

59. A argument B superstition C opinion D idea

60. A loss B difficulty C tragedy D misfortune

61. A house B household C home D circle

62. A unwise B unintelligent C unpopular D unfortunate

63. A falls B arrives C drops D happens

64. A away B outdoors C indoors D far

65. A when B as C if D though

66. A have originated B be originating C be originated D originate

67. A concerned about B related with C associated with D connected in

68. A especially B specially C frequently D rarely

69. A as B for C in D of

70. A broken up B broken off C broken away D broken down

Part IV Reading Comprehension

Directions: Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.

Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage.

Earthquakes (地震) can be really terrible. The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 caused over $200-million worth of damage, destroyed almost 30,000 buildings, and killed about 450 persons. In Japan, the cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were leveled by the earthquakes of 1923 in which more than 140,000 persons were killed by falling buildings and fires, and over a million persons

were left homeless―all in 30 seconds.

Hundreds of earthquakes occur every year throughout the world. Fortunately, few are as destructive as those described above. The development of an accurate system for predicting earthquakes would reduce the loss of life and property. But at present scientists can only study the phenomenon.

The study of earthquakes is called seismology. Seismographs (地震仪) are instruments sensitive to ground movement, and are used to record each motion. The Richter Scale is used to grade each earthquake’s strength on a 1-to-10 scale.

76. What is seismology?

A. Study of the humankind.

B. Study of the earth’s surface.

C. Study of the earth’s history.

D. Study of earthquakes.

77. How long did the earthquake last in Japan in 1923?

A. A minute.

B. Half a minute.

C. Thirty minutes.

D. No record.

78. About how many earthquakes occur every year?

A. Several hundred.

B. Around a few dozen.

C. Several thousand.

D. About one hundred.

79. How often do earthquakes occur that are as destructive as those described in Paragraph 1?

A. Quite often.

B. Once in a while.

C. Yearly.

D. Never.

80. How can people suffer less from earthquakes?

A. Move to safe areas where there are none.

B. Pay more attention to environmental protection.

C. Buy more insurance against earthquakes.

D. Predict earthquakes more accurately.

Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage.

Oxford University once claimed to have been founded by Alfred the Great in the 9th Century, but in fact, it began to take shape in the 12th Century when English scholars were forced to leave from Paris University and began to gather at Oxford’s Abbeys (修道院) and Priories (寺院), which were by then already established centers of learning.

Today, 39 independent colleges are related to the University in a type of federal system. Each is governed by a Head of House and a number of Fellows, who are scholars specializing in a wide variety of subjects, most of whom also hold University posts.

Across both the Arts and the Sciences, Oxford research consistently ranks top both nationally and internationally. As well as being in the front of scientific, medical, and technological achievement, the University has strong links with research organizations and industrial concerns both in the UK and overseas. Its income from offers for research in 1996 totaled over £107 million. The University’s great age also allows its teaching staff and research students to draw on a tradition of great library and museum collections.

Students working for higher degrees are an important and valued part. They currently make up over a quarter of the total student body of 15,641, drawn by the excellent facilities for research which the University can offer, therefore the number of graduate students is increasing.

In all these fields, Oxford attracts scholars from many parts of the world to join its teaching and research staff, and also values the important role of overseas graduate students in providing intellectual drive and creating and keeping links with colleges abroad.

To get into the University, students must first win a place by competitive examination at one of the colleges, which have their own policies. And the process of acceptance by both the professor and college can take some time; early application is therefore strongly advised.

81. In truth Oxford University was developed by _________________.

A. Alfred the Great in the 9th century

B. scholars that had to leave France

C. 9th century students from Paris

D. 39 independent federal houses

82. The heads of the 39 independent colleges are most often _______________.

A. government officials

B. overseas scholars

C. scholars of the University

D. students of the University

83. Oxford research consistently ranks ________________________.

A. the first in Sciences and the second in Arts

B. the first in Arts and the second in Sciences

C. the first in Arts and Sciences only in Britain

D. the first in Arts and Sciences everywhere

84. Every year, Oxford University attracts many __________________________.

A. national and international financial aids for research

B. international scholars and overseas graduate students

C. scholars to join its teaching and research staff from Britain

D. facilities for research such as libraries and museums

85. If one wants to study at Oxford, he/she ________________________.

A. should apply early and do well on the test

B. should be familiar with the professors there

C. has to win a prize for his / her speech first

D. must win the first place in the examination

Questions 86 to 90 are based on the following passage.

Dramatic changes in higher education are giving more people than ever the chance of studying for a degree. But they may find many difficulties when it comes to new graduates’ job prospects (前景).

According to a report from the Institute of Manpower Studies (人力研究所), the output of graduates in Britain has almost doubled in the past five years and seems set to rise by a further 57 per cent by 2005. At the same time, economic recession (萧条) has cut the number of graduate

jobs such that one in seven (14 per cent) of 2002 university graduates in England, Scotland and Wales failed to find work within six months of graduating. So is it surprising that many graduates have turned to post-graduate studies as an escape route? In the 10 years to 2001, the number of students on master’s courses grew by 97 per cent. But while such courses in mathematics and computer sciences rose by 149 per cent, science courses increased by only 31 per cent.

The growth in the number of science students has not been evenly spread out, and in some subjects numbers are actually falling. “What is disturbing,” says Richard Pearson, the director of the Institute of Manpower Studies, “is that the output of physics graduates will go down by 6 per cent and mathematicians by 4 per cent by 1995.” Students are now more attracted to business studies and combined non-technical degree courses than to single honors degrees in science and technology. The day when there are no physics teachers to be found may yet return.

86. What’s the main focus of the above passage?

A. There are more chances for students to get degrees.

B. The students’ job future remains bleak.

C. Many students turn to postgraduate studies.

D. More graduates meet with less job offers.

87. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Graduates in Britain have almost doubled in the past five years and will rise to 57 per cent by 2005.

B. One out of seven graduates from universities in England, Scotland and Wales was jobless within six months after graduation.

C. From 1991 to 2001, the number of students on master’s degree courses rose by 97 per cent.

D. Mathematics and computer courses grew by 149 per cent and science courses by only 31 per cent.

88. What concerned Richard Pearson, the director of the Institute of Manpower Studies?

A. He’s worried about the lack of combined non-technical degree courses.

B. He’s worried about the job prospects of science students.

C. He’s concerned about the uneven spread of science student s.

D. He’s concerned about the drop in the number of technical courses.

89. What’s the overall tendency when it comes to course preference among students?

A. They tend to choose business courses.

B. They prefer mathematics to physics.

C. They are more attracted to science courses.

D. They prefer courses with better job prospects.

90. What’s the possible solution of the problem in question?

A. Increase students’ social responsibilities.

B. Assist students in their career choices.

C. Develop their interest in physics teaching.

D. Encourage their passion for science research.

Test Two

Part I Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: Choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B,

C and D.

1. In the United States, the foreign policy is decided by the ___A_____ government, not by each state.

A. federal

B. figure

C. scientific

D. service

2. He works in our university as a visiting __B_____, not as a formal faculty member.

A. traditional

B. scholar

C. nurse

D. pilot

3. When you fill in the application form, please use your ____C___ address so that we can contact you easily later.

A. policy

B.plain

C.permanent

D.principal

4. John ___A____ to be a polite man. But in fact he is very rude.

A. pretends

B. assures

C. affords

D. melts

5. We can not trust him any more because he often ____D____ his duty.

A. owes

B. spoils

C. deserts

D. neglects

6. In order to increase our output, we need to import more production ____A___.

A. facilities

B. hens

C. votes

D. artists

7. When a spacecraft travels, one of the major problems is reentry into the Earth’s ___B____.

A. surface

B. atmosphere

C. attitude

D. bent

8. This river forms a natural ___A____ between China and Korea.

A. boundary

B. string

C. spot

D. zone

9. She is already 16years old. But she ___D____as if she were still a little girl.

A. believes

B. absorbs

C. accrses

D. behaves

10. We are __C_____ at the rapid progress Mark has made in this semester.

A. distinguished

B. annoyed

C. astonished

D. scored

11. The doctors ____A___ the medicines to the people in the flood area.

A. distributed

B. packed

C. prayed

D. undertook

12. Much of the news provided by this newspaper is ___A____, not foreign.

A. domestic

B. strain

C. purchase

D. murder

13. He tried to ___B____relations with his former wife but he failed.

A. measure

B. maintain

C. shelter

D. reply

14. He ___A____ to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job.

A. resolved

B. resorted

C. requested

D. reserved

15. The ___B____ work continued for more than a week but there was still no sign of the missing boy.

A. research

B. rescue

C. vessel

D. vast

16. Many kinds of animals are believed to have _____B____ from the earth

A. withdrawn

B. vanished

C. found

D. hung

17. The engineers in this lab spent several weeks __C_____ their plans for the new bicycle.

A. counting

B. stripping

C. elaborating

D. casting

18. Pine trees are usually believed to ___D____ cold weather.

A. guard

B. accomplish

C. roar

D. endure

19. Free medical service is __B_____ to nearly all the college students in China.

A. favorite

B. available

C.convenient

D.average

20. After working for twenty hours without any rest, the doctors were ___A____.

A. exhausted

B. mounted

C. wrapped

D. restored

21. When traveling, you are advised to take travelers checks, which provide a secure ___D____to carrying your money in cash.

A. substitute

B. selection

C. preference

D. alternative

22. I never trusted him because I always thought of him as such a __B______character.

A. gracious

B. suspicious

C. unique

D. particular

23. Changing from solid to liquid, water takes in heat from all substances near it, and this ____A____ produces artificial cold surrounding it.

A. absorption

B. transition

C. consumption

D. interaction

24. I didn’t say anything like that at all. You are purposely my ideas to prove your point. C

A. revising

B. contradicting

C. distorting

D. distracting

25. Language, culture, and personality may be considered ____D___of each other in thought, but they are inseparable in fact.

A. indistinctly

B. separately

C. irrelevantly

D. independently

26. Watching me pulling the calf awkwardly to the barn, the Irish milkmaid fought hard to ____A___her laughter.

A. hold back

B. hold on

C. hold out

D. holds up

27. The manger gave one of the salesgirls an accusing look for her ___C_____attitude toward customers.

A. impartial

B. mild

C. hostile

D. opposing

28. I____D____ with thanks the help of my colleagues in the preparation of this new column.

A. express

B. confess

C. verify

D. acknowledge

29. It is strictly ___C____that access to confidential documents is denied to all but a few.

A. secured

B. forbidden

C. regulated

D. determined

30. ___B___ quantities of water are being used nowadays with the rapid development of industry

and agriculture.

A. Excessive

B. Extensive

C. Extreme

D. exclusive

31. John cannot afford to go to university, ___C___ going abroad.

A. nothing but

B. anything but

C. not to speak of

D. nothing to speak of

32. Most laboratory and field studies of human behavior ___A___ taking a situational photograph at a given time and in a given place.

A. involve

B. compose

C. enclose

D. attach

33. There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country. B

A. a steady

B. a plentiful

C. an extra

D. a stable

34. The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources. D

A. puzzling

B. difficult

C. terrifying

D. urgent

35. The room was furnished with the simplest essentials, a bed, a chair, and a table A

A. supplied

B. gathered

C. grasped

D. made

36. __B____ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research.

A. So curious the couple was

B. So curious were the couple

C. How curious the couple were

D. The couple was such curious

37. Judging from his manners at the party, he doesn’t seem __C____ much education.

A. to receive

B. to be receiving

C. to have received

D. to have been received

38. They all returned to the village ____B__ that the danger was over.

A. convincing

B. convinced

C. to convince

D. having convinced

39. Exercise really can help you _____B_______stresses and strains more easily.

A. harness

B. endure

C. minimize D .avoid

40. Nearly two thousand years have passed since our _____A_______ invented the compass.

A. ancestors

B. successors

C. processors

D. professors

Part III Cloze

Directions: Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer from the choices.

The United States is well-known for its network of major highways designed to help a driver get from one place to another in the shortest possible time. __51__ these wide modern Roads are generally __52__ and well maintained, with __53__ sharp curves and many straight __54__, a direct route is not always the most __55__ one. Large highways often pass __56__ scenic areas and interesting small towns. Furthermore, these highways generally __57__ large urban centres which means that they become crowded with __58__ traffic during rush hours, __59__ the “fast, direct” way becomes a very slow route.

However, there is __60__ always another route to take __61__ you are not in a hurry. Not far

from the __62__ new “superhighways”, there are often older, __63__ heavily traveled roads which go through the countryside. __64__ of these are good two-lane (双车道) roads; others are uneven roads __65__ through the country. These secondary routes may go up steep slopes, along high __66__, or down frightening hillsides to towns __67__ in deep valleys. Through these less direct routes, longer and slower, they generally go to places __68__ the air is clean and the scenery (风景) is beautiful, and the driver may have a __69__ to get a fresh, clean __70__ of the world.

51. A Although B Because C Since D Therefore

52. A stable B splendid C smooth D complicated

53. A little B few C much D many

54. A selections B separations C series D sections

55. A terrible B possible C enjoyable D profitable

56. A to B into C over D by

57. A lead B connect C collect D communicate

58. A large B fast C light D heavy

59. A when B for C but D that

60. A yet B still C almost D quite

61. A unless B if C as D since

62. A relatively B regularly C respectively D reasonably

63. A and B less C more D or

64. A All B Several C Lots D or

65. A driving B crossing C curving D traveling

66. A rocks B cliffs C roads D paths

67. A lying B laying C laid D lied

68. A there B when C which D where

69. A space B period C chance D spot

70. A view B variety C visit D virtue

Part IV Reading Comprehension

Directions: Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.

Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage.

In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving speeches.

In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of t esting candidates for the doctor’s degree.

Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all

students are tested on the same question, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Generally, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.

One type of test is sometimes called an “objective” test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of questions, each of which has only one correct answer. Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like correct answers to students who have not learned the material properly.

71. In the Middle Ages students ______.

A. took objective tests

B. specialized in one subject

C. were timed by electric clocks

D. never wrote exams

72. The main idea of paragraph 3 is that ______.

A. workers now take examinations

B. the population has grown

C. there are only written exams

D. examinations are now written and timed

73. The kind of exams where students must select answers are ______.

A. personal

B. spoken

C. objective

D. written

74. Modern industry must have developed ______.

A. before the Middle Ages

B. around the 19th century

C. in Greece or Rome

D. machines to take tests

75. It may be concluded that testing ______.

A. should test only opinions

B. should always be written

C. has changed since the Middle Ages

D. is given only in factories

Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage.

The market investigation is indispensable to sales promotion. They are as closely related as the lips and teeth, so to speak. What you produce is for sale on the market. It would be impossible to succeed in selling a product without first investigating the market.

In the international market, goods on sale coming from different countries and suppliers are always facing keen competition. Under such circumstances, they will try everything possible to familiarize themselves with the market conditions. In making investigations, we ought to get information about what similar items the competitors are offering on the market, what prices they are quoting(报价), what features their products have, who are their regular customers, etc. Then, how can we obtain such information? There are many channels that we can make use of in doing this sort of work. The commercial counselor’s offices of our embassies stationed abroad can help us in making market investigations. Nowadays, our import and export corporations send their trade groups abroad every now and then. One of their purposes is to make market surveys on the

spot.

Certainly, face-to-face talks with foreign businessmen are also important channels to get market information. The Chinese Export Commodities Fairs and some other fairs of similar nature as well as visits of foreign businessmen provide us with such opportunities. Of course, there are some other ways of making market investigations.

76. In making market investigation, one should ______.

A. get enough information concerned

B. advertise his products

C. produce high quality goods

D. none of the above

77. The word “indispensable” in the first line means ______.

A. impossible

B. essential

C. advisable

D. available

78. Which of the following statements is not true?

A. The relationship between market investigation and sales promotion is just as that of the lips and teeth.

B. It is impossible to succeed in selling a product without market investigation.

C. There are various ways of making market investigation.

D. Production goes before market investigation.

79. Making market investigation is very important because ______.

A. in market, goods on sale are numerous

B. every producer is facing keen competition

C. it can greatly promote sales

D. all of the above

80. All the following are channels to get market information except ______.

A. to have commercial counsellor’s office of our embassies stationed abroad

B. to promote the quality of our own products

C. to send trade groups abroad every now and then

D. to have face-to-face talks with foreign businessmen

Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage.

When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new or upsetting situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do.

For instance, when in a new situation, an intelligent person thinks about the situation, not about himself or what might happen to him. He tries to find out all he can, and then he acts immediately and tries to do something about it. He probably isn’t sure how it will all work out, but at least he t ries. And, if he can’t make things work out right, he doesn’t feel ashamed that he failed; he just tries to learn from his mistakes. An intelligent person, even if he is very young, has a special outlook on life, a special feeling about life, and knows how he fits into it.

If you look at children, you’ll see great difference between what we call “bright” children and “not-bright” children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life -- he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But, the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream-world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general.

81. According to this passage, intelligence is ____.

A. the ability to know what to do

B. the ability to do well in school

C. the ability to deal with life

D. the ability to get high scores on some tests

82. In a new situation, an intelligent person ____.

A. knows more about what might happen to him

B. is sure of the result he will get

C. concentrates on what to do about the situation

D. cares more about himself

83. If an intelligent person failed, he would ____.

A. try not to feel ashamed

B. learn from his experiences

C. try to find all he could

D. make sure what result he would get

84. Bright children and not-bright children ____.

A. are two different types of children

B. are different mainly in their degree of cleverness

C. have difference only in their way of thinking

D. have different knowledge about the world

85. The author of this passage will probably continue to talk about ____.

A. how to determine what intelligence is

B. how education should be conducted

C. how to solve practical problems

D. how an unintelligent person should be taught

Questions 86 to 90 are based on the following passage.

To paraphrase 18th-century statesman Edmund Burke, “all that is needed for the triumph of a misguided cause is that good people do nothing.” One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals have rights ruling out their use in research. Scientists need to respond forcefully to animal rights advocates, whose arguments are confusing the public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care. Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding, and few people understand the process of health care research. Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings, many are perplexed that anyone would deliberately harm an animal.

For example, a grandmotherly woman staffing an animal rights booth at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure that encouraged readers not to use anything that opposed immunizations, she wanted to know if vaccines come from animal research. When assured that they do, she replied, “Then 1 would have to say yes.” Asked what will happen when epidemics

return, she said, “Don’t worry, scientists will find some way of using computers.” Such well-meaning people just don’t understand.

Scientists must communicate their message to the public in a compassionate, understandable wayin human terms, not in the language of molecular biology. We need to make clear the connection between animal research and a grandmother’s hip replacement, a fa ther’s bypass operation, a baby’s vaccinations, and even a pet’s shots. To those who are unaware that animal research was needed to produce these treatments, as well as new treatments and vaccines, animal research seems wasteful at best and cruel at worst.

Much can be done. Scientists could “adopt”middle school classes and present their own research. They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor, lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth. Research institutions could be opened to tours, to show that laboratory animals receive humane care.

Finally, because the ultimate stakeholders are patients, the health research community should actively recruit to its cause not only well-known personalities such as Stephen Cooper, who has made courageous statements about the value of animal research, but all who receive medical treatment. If good people do nothing there is a real possibility that an uninformed citizenry will extinguish the precious embers of medical progress.

86. The author begins his article with Edmund Burke’s words to_________.

A. call on scientists to take some actions

B. criticize the misguided cause of animal rights

C. warn of the doom of biomedical research

D. show the triumph of the animal rights movement

87. Misled people tend to think that using an animal in research is _________.

A. cruel but natural

B. inhuman and unacceptable

C. inevitable but vicious

D. pointless and wasteful

88. The example of the grandmotherly woman is used to show the public’s ________.

A. discontent with animal research

B. ignorance about medical science

C. indifference to epidemics

D. anxiety about animal rights

89. The author believes that, in face of the challenge from animal rights advocates, scientists should _________.

A. communicate more with the public

B. employ hi-tech means in research

C. feel no shame for their cause

D. strive to develop new cures

90. From the text we learn that Stephen Cooper is ________

A. a well-known humanist

B. a medical practitioner

C. an enthusiast in animal rights

D. a supporter of animal research

Test One

1-20DCBAB DBABC ACBAB DCADB 21-40ABCBB AAADB BDBCB DACAC 41-50 BBAAA CABAB

51-70 BCACB DACBD BDACB ACABD 71-90 AACDA DBABD BCDBA DACDD

Test Two

1-20 ABCAD ABADC AABAB BCDBA 21-40 DBACD ACDCB CABDA BCBBA 41-50 ACAAC BCBAA

51-70 ACBDC DBDAC BABDC BADCC 71-90 DDCBC ABDDB CCBAB ABBAD

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