当前位置:文档之家› (完整版)江西省2015年中考英语试题(解析版)





1.Our teacher was very happy because _____failed the examination.

A.somebody B.nobody

C.anybody D.everybody.

2.There will be less pollution ___more people use public transportation .

A.but B.though C.unless D.if

3.Fresh food is good for you .But you have to _______it first because sometimes it a little dirty.

A.taste B.smell C.wash D.plant

4.There are lots of _____that students have to follow in school.

A.exercises B.problems

C.skills D.rules

5.—Ben and Sue aren’t home, are they?

—No. They _____to London on business.

A.have gone B.go

C.have been D.will go

6.—The scarves are all beautiful. I can’t decide which one to choose.

—Oh, look at this red one .I think it’s______.

A.beautiful B.more beautiful


C.the most beautiful D.less beautiful

7.—Nathan likes his job because he ______enjoy the beauty of nature.

A.can B.must

C.should D.is supposed to

8.—I lost my ticket, but ______the travel agent gave me another one.

A.actually B.firstly

C.luckily D.exactly

9.—Do you have any plans for tonight?

—Yes ,I ____at the new Italian restaurant in town.

A.eat B.have eaten

C.ate D.am going to eat

10.You can’t wear shoes inside this place .It_____.

A.doesn’t allow B.isn’t allowed

C.hasn’t allowed D.wasn’t allowed




Most of us have three meals a day .We take food for granted(想当然)。And we don’t think about it. 1 experts argue a food crisis(危机)is coming. This crisis is going to make us 2 the way we think about food.

Food is in great need 3 a growing of world population. By 1960,the population was three billion. It doubled to six billion by 1999.By 2050,this planet will need to 4 at least nine billion people. As a result,

the food prices get higher and higher.

So, what can a 5 ,crowed world do? One suggestion is to eat 6 meat. Meat uses more natural resources(资源)than grains(谷物) .It requires more 7 to produce one pound of meat than to produce one pound of grain.It also requires between 5 and 10 times more 8 than vegetables.So ,eating less meat will 9 more land for farming, and it will save water.

To eats less meat, people will need to change their eating habits.That will not be 10 .Americans, for example, have 11 loved meat.In general, They eat twice as much meat as people in other countries. At the same time, in developing countries like China and Brazil, sales of meat have doubled in the last 20 years. 12 will double again by 2050.Growing need of meat will 13 to put pressure on natural resources.

World population is increasing, resources are becoming fewer, and food prices are rising. Therefore, we need to rethink 14 we eat every day.For meat lovers, we don’t need to give up meat 15 .But we

need to eat more grains and less meat.

1.A.And B.But C.Or D.Until

2.A.change B.find C.get D.tell

3.A.instead of B.thanks to C.because of D.as for

4.A.help B.have C.feed D.meet

5.A.busy B.tired C.thirsty D.hungry

6.A.less B.more C.much D.little

7.A.time B.land C.people D.place

8.A.air B.meat C.money D.water

9.A.provide B.produce C.waste D.need

10.A.important B.hard C.easy D.necessary

11.A.never B.seldom C.hardly D.always

12.A.It B.They C.We D.That

13.A.continue B.stop C.have D.start

14.A.how B.when C.what D.where

15.A.quickly B.completely C.finally D.especially



Animals are important in Indian culture and are treaded in a special way.For example, a lot of elephants aren’t 1 .they are domesticated(驯养).They aren’t kept as pets, but a s working animals.Every working elephant 2 its own keeper.An elephant and its keep meet for the first time when they are both young, and they grow up together.In fact, their relationship continues for the rest of the elephant’s 3 perhaps 40 years.Lots of elephants work in the forest, moving heavy 4 when they are cut down.Some give rides to tourists, or 5 people during celebrations and festivals.Keepers take excellent care of their elephants , feeding them 6 and giving them a bath at the end of the working day.

7 special animal in India is the cow.Cows are protected animals, 8 they aren’t ke pt on farms or killed for food, although people do use their milk.So in India you can often see cows walking around towns and cities, and nobody tries 9 them.If they sit down in the middle of the road, people 10 drive

around them! Do you think it’s interesting?




1.Where can we get funny cards when we visit English?

A.In the Cartoon Museum.

B.On Stratford Butterfly Farm.

C.At Cox’s Hotel.

D.At Cox’s pub.

2.Which is the proper time to go to the pub at Cox’s Hotel?

A.9:00-18:00 on Friday.

B.10:30-17:30 on Tuesday.

C.12:00-1:30 on Saturday

D.10:00-16:30 on Monday.

3.How much should four college students pay for a visit to Startford Butterfly Farm?

A.£ 16.

B.£ 32.

C.£ 18.

D.£ 22.



Have you ever wanted to achieve something really amazing in life? Well, Greg Morten son wanted to climb a mountain, but he ended up helping thousands of people to have a better life.

Greg’s story began with failure.In 1993, he set out to climb K2, the world’s second high est mountain.But Greg never made it to the top.After five days, he stumbled(踉跄)into the village of

Korphe in northern Pakistan, injured(受伤)and hungry.The kind villagers there looked after him for several days.

Greg saw that the villagers were very poor and hungry, and some of them were ill.Also, the village school didn’t have a roof(屋顶)and the children wrote on the ground with sticks.Greg knew he wanted to do something to help.“ I’ll build you a school,” he told the villagers.“ I promise.”

Greg went back home to the USA to raise money for the school.He even lived in the car to save money! Finally he went back to Korphe and built the school.But this was just the beginning of something bigger! Since th en, Greg’s organization has built around 80 schools an d runs many others in Pakistan and other countries, too.

Greg hasn’t finished yet.He does many other things to help people in poor c ountries.He has got many prizes, but it’s the smiles of the children he has helped that makes him happy!

Greg has just written a best-selling book about his story called Three Cups of Tea.It’s an interesting and exciting book which tells us what ordinary(普通的)people can do with courage and determination(决


1.What was wrong with Greg when he got to the village for the first time?

A.He fell ill.

B.He was badly hurt and hungry.

C.He lost his way.

D.He failed in his business.

2.How did Greg keep his promise to build a school?

A.He raised and saved money.

B.He did business to make money.

C.He wrote a book to sell for money.

D.He borrowed money from his friends.

3.What does the underlined word “this” refer to?

A.Saving money.

B.Living in the car.

C.Raising money.

D.Building the school.

4.What’s the main idea of this passage?

A.Building schools can help people to have a better life.

B.We have to do something in return to those who help us.

C.Ordinary people can make a difference to people’s lives.

D.Climbing mountains is a good start to help poor people.



Today there are many fires than in the past.Over 100,000 wildfires burn each year in America.Russia has 20,000 to 35,000 wildfires every year.Australia has on average 60,000 each year.These fires destroy(损害)huge areas of forests and burn hundreds of homes.

Many experts believe there are several reasons for this sudden increase in fires.The first reason is climate(气候)change.Recent weather has been warmer and drier.This leads to dangerous fire conditions.When lightening strikes(发生雷电),dry grass easily catches fire.Hot winds add to the problem.The wind spreads a fire quickly.In 2010, Russia had the hottest and driest summer in a century.In just one month, 500 fires destroyed over 2,000 homes.Some people lost their lives.

Traditional fire-fighting practices are another reason for the increase in fires.In America, firefighters used to quickly put out every fire.They didn’t allow the grass and trees to burn.As a result, today many forests have thicker vegetation(植被).Thicker vegetation means more fuel(燃料)for fires.Also, without fires from time to time, forests become overcrowded and unhealthy.Some trees are dead.The dead wood then easily catches fire.So surprisingly, America has many more fires today partly because of its past fire-fighting practices.

Scientists now understand that a fire can be a natural part of a healthy forest.As a result, countries like Australia allow more fires to burn naturally.Sometimes, fire fighters even start fires to get rid of(去除)dead wood.Of course, they carefully control the fires.The fire thins out old trees.This allows sunlight to reach the ground.As a result, fires help new trees to grow.Therefore, if a fire is not a serious threat(威胁)to people, firefighters may let it burn naturally.

1.Why did Russia have so many fires in one month in 2010?

A.Because lightening spread the fire.

B.Because there was much fuel for fires.

C.Because there were not enough firefighters.

D.Because it was unusually hot, dry and windy.

2.What happens because of the traditional fire-fighting practices in the USA?

A.There are fewer wildfires.

B.Trees and grass become thicker.

C.The weather becomes warmer and drier.

D.Sunlight reaches the ground to help forests.

3.What is the main idea of Paragraph 4?

A.Fires are serious threats to human beings.

B.Australian f irefighters don’t put out fires.

C.Fires can play an important role I forests.

D.It’s difficult for firefighters to control the fires.

4.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A.Not all the fires in the forests must be put out.

B.People’s carelessness leads to dangerous fires.

C.Australia allows all the fires to burn naturally.

D.There are more fires in Russia than in the USA.



The first part of a new science-fiction series (系列剧)was shown on NBC last night.Star Trek is about a spacecraft(宇宙飞船)which travels faster than the speed of light.The show is developed from three ideas about the 22nd century.First, we’ll find other life forms great tools which will make amazing things possible.

Let’s think about these pred ictions.If we find life forms on other planets, will they be intelligent? I hope so.But we human beings might not be friendly –I don’t think we’ll believe in the idea of peace one hundred years from now.But this is science fiction, so we can be optimistic! And Star Trek’s idea of life in the future is ‘communicators’.And we will be able to have conversations with people who are on because you’ll have an electronic notebook.And if you get ill, the doctor won’t have to examine you – a machine will ‘read’ you r body.The strangest manchine includes a ‘teleport’ which will take people to a different place in a second!

The ideas are interesting, and in my opinion there’s only one problem with star trek: the acting.The TV company (公司)will have to get better actors.If they do that, the show might be a success.If the acting doesn’t improve, Star Trek won’t last for more than one series.Of course, my prediction may be

wrong.I can’t see into the future!

1.What is Star Trek?

A.A TV play.

B.A popular song.

C.A spacecraft.

D.An alien.

2.What does the underlined word “optimistic” mean?

A.Lucky and happy.

B.Hopeful and confident.

C.Helpful and creative.

D.Thankful and popular.

3.What’s the writer’s opinion about Star Trek?

A.The life forms on other planets are stupid.

B.Interesting ideas make a new series popular.

C.The new series might not be successful without better actors.

D.Our life in the future might be different with the help of aliens.

4.Which would be the best title for the passage?

A.Aliens on Other Planets.

B.The Idea of Human Life.

C.A Science Fiction.

D.A New Series about Future.



Hip-hop Planet

1 Countries like France, Brazil and even Japan have their own hip-hop culture.But where did this strange speaking-singing style come from? Many centuries ago, in West Africa, traditional storytellers played musical instruments while they were telling stories.When this tradition travelled from West Africa to the USA, it developed into different musical styles.For example, blues and jazz.

2 And in the 1970s, there were many poor areas in New York.There wasn’t any money for music lessons in schools, so kids made their own music.Teenagers Afrika and DJ Here played their records outside in the streets.Everybody joined in.MCs had rapping(说唱) competitions.Every week, there were talented new dancers, new DJs and new MCs.Hip-hop culture was born.

3 It was 1980.I was at a party in New York.There was a young DJ at the party.He was playing records.While he was putting a record on, a kid picked up a microphone(话筒)and began

tapping.Some other kids were break-dancing to the music.It was loud and boring, and I hated it.I preferred jazz.

4 Today’s successful American artists like Missy and her friend Tim heard it on the radio when they were growing up.

The last time I heard hip-hop, I was in West Africa. 5 I was going to interview a traditional storyteller when I met a young hip-hop artist, He told me there are hundreds of rap groups in Africa today.We live on a hip-hop




(D=Darren, C= Carol)

D: Hi, Caro! 1

C: Oh, hi, Darren.I’m just getting ready for the Red Nose Day concert tomorrow.

D: Oh really? Well, I’m free this afternoon. 2

C:Actually, I’ve nearly finished.Jim and I are going to put up some ads later, though.Could you please help us with that?

D: 3

C: That’s wonderful! Oh, there’s one more thing.Would you mind coming early tomorrow to help sell tickets at the door?

D: Not at all, 4

C: Around six would be great.

D: OK. 5

C: Great.Thanks, Darren.



英文有句谚语“East, wast, home’s best.” 某英文报以此为标题,向广大中学生征文。请根据下面图表信息写一篇短文,介绍你家的情况。内容包括:你家的居室及居住环境、家庭成员及家庭成员之间的关系,并谈谈如何让你的家更美好。

提示: 1.短文应包括图表中的全部信息,条理清楚,行文连贯;



East, wast, home’s best

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Taste:品尝; smell: 闻;wash: 洗;plant:种植;根据句意:新鲜的食物对你有好处。但是你必须洗一下。因为有时有点脏。故选C.




句意:学校里有许多学生必须遵守的规则。A.exercises:练习B.problems:问题 C.skills:技能;技巧;D.rules:规则。Follow the rules:遵守规定。




have gone to:去了某地;句意:-本和苏不在家,是不是?-是的,他们去伦敦出差了。




句意:所有的围巾都很漂亮。我不能决定选那一条。-我看这条红色的。我认为它是A.beautiful:漂亮的;B.more beautiful :更漂亮的C.the most beautiful最漂亮的D.less beautiful:更不漂亮的。故选C.




A.can:可以;B.must:必须;C.should:应该;D.is supposed to:被要求,被期待;又根据句意得知选A.
















试题解析:1. 考查连词及语境理解。句意:我们大多数人一天吃三餐。我们认为一天我们当然该吃三餐。我们没有去思考。但是专家们说食品危机要来了。A.And并且,表示递进;B.But但是,表示转折;C.Or或者,表示选择;D.Until直到,在……之前,表示时间。根据语境可知,这里表示含义转折,故用but,选B。

2. 考查动词及语境理解。句意:这个危机将会使我们改变我们对食品的态度。A.change改变;


C.get 得到;


3.C考查短语介词及语境理解。句意:食品大量需要,因为世界人口在增长。A.instead of代替,而不;B.thanks to幸亏;C.because of因为;D.as for至于,对于。因为人口的增长,所以世界上食品需要在增加,表示原因,选C。

4.句意:在2050年前,地球上至少需要养活90亿人。A.help:帮助 B.have:拥

有 C.feed:喂养 D.meet:认识。前后文都在谈论食品,可以推测出这里是食品养活这么多的人。故选C.

5.句意:那么,一个饥饿的、拥挤的世界要做些什么呢?A.busy:忙碌的 B.tired :疲倦的 C.thirsty:口渴的 D.hungry:饥饿的。从前段意思,两个问题:人口众多,食物短缺。故选D.

6. 考查副词及语境理解。句意:一条建议是少吃肉。A.less更少的,修饰不可数名词; B.more 更多的,修饰可数或不可数名词;C.much许多,修饰不可数名词;D.little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词,表示否定含义。从后面的句子:肉比谷物需要更多的自然资源。可知这里是“少吃肉”,与现在的水平相比,用比较级,故选A。

7. 考查名词及语境理解。句意:生产一磅肉比生产一磅谷物需要更多的土地。A.time时间;http://www.doczj.com/doc/9d16260921.html,nd 土地;C.people人;D.place地点。根据上文,生产肉需要比生产谷物更多的资源,谷物转换成肉,而谷物在土地上生长,故生产更多的肉需要更多的土地。故选B。

8. 考查名词及语境理解。句意:也比蔬菜多5到10倍的水。A.air空气;B.meat肉;C.money钱;

D.water水。从后句,“and it will save water.(而且会节约水)可知,这里选D。”


供 B.produce:生产 C.waste 浪费 D.need 需要。根据本文观点,少吃肉,可以少用土地来生产透视动物,也就是可以为农业生产提供一些土地。故选A.

10. 考查形容词及语境理解。句意:少吃肉,人们需要以改变饮食习惯,那不容易啊。A. important 重要;B. hard困难;C. easy容易;D. necessary必需。改变多年的习惯不是一件容易的事。故选C。

11. 考查副词及语境理解。句意:比如说,美国人一直喜欢肉。A. never从不,绝不;B. seldom很少,不常;C. hardly几乎不;D. always总是,一直。这里举的是一个改变吃肉习惯不易的例子,可以推测出是“一直喜欢吃肉”。故选D。

12. 考查代词及语境理解。句意:同时,在发展中国家,像中国和巴西,过去二十年肉类的销售量翻了一番。到2050年前,还要翻一番。两个句子的主语是sales of meat,肉的销售,是个复数名词短语,用they来指代。故选B。

13. 考查动词及语境理解。句意:肉量需求的增长将会持续给自然资源施加压力。A. continue 继续;B. stop停止。C. have有,必须;D. start开始。肉量需求持续增长,对自然资源持续施压。故选A。

14. 考查疑问词及语境理解。句意:然而,我们需要重新考虑我们每天吃什么。A. how 怎样,用how问时,后面的动词要带宾语;B. when何时,问时间;C. what什么,what作后面动词的逻辑宾语,后动词不需带宾语;D. where在哪儿,问地点。Eat未带宾语,故选what,“吃什么”。选C。

15.句意:对于食肉爱好者,我们不需要完全放弃吃肉,但是我们需要多吃谷物,少吃肉。A.quickly:快随地 B.completely:完全地 C.finally:最终地 D.especially:特别地。从后句的“少吃肉,多吃谷物”可以推测出这里的意思是“不完全放弃”,故选B.





2.句意:每一头干活的大象都有自己的主人。从句意可以推测出这里“有”,every elephant是第三人成单数。故填has


4.句意:许多大象在森林劳动,搬运砍到的树木。从后句的“cut down”砍到可以推测出用trees。


6. 句意:饲养者在精心照顾大象,喂养的好,并且没工作日后给他们洗澡,从前后的句意可以推测出用well.



9.句意:在印度你经常可以看到奶牛在城市里走来走去,但是没有人想去控制他们,由前一句奶牛作为印度的保护动物,在城市里可以看到他们四处走动。故用to contol


答案:1.wild2.has3.life4.trees5.carry6.well7.Another8.so9.to http://www.doczj.com/doc/9d16260921.html,ually









1.根据After five days, he stumbled(踉跄)into the village of Korphe in northern Pakistan, injured(受伤)and hungry.得知。

2.根据Greg went back home to the USA to raise money for the school.He even lived in the car to save money!得知。

3.根据Finally he went back to Korphe and built the school.得知。




试题解析:1.根据Hot winds add to the problem.The wind spreads a fire quickly.In 2010, Russia had the hottest and driest summer in a century.得知。

2.根据Traditional fire-fighting practices are another reason for the increase in fires.In America, firefighters used to quickly put out every fire.They didn’t allow the grass and trees to burn.As a result, today many forests have thicker vegetation(植被).Thicker vegetation means more fuel(燃料)for fires.得知。

3.根据Scientists now understand that a fire can be a natural part of a healthy forest.得知。

4.根据Therefore, if a fire is not a serious threat(威胁)to people, firefighters may let it burn naturally.得知。




1.句意:Star Trek是什么?A.A TV play.:一个电视剧;B.A popular song:一首流行歌曲;C.A spacecraft:一个宇宙飞船;D.An alien:一个外星人;

2. 词义猜测题。题意:有下划线的“optimistic” 是什么意思?A. Lucky and happy. 幸运与快乐;B. Hopeful and confident.希望与自信;C. Helpful and creative.帮助与创新;D. Thankful and popular.感激与欢迎。句意:但是这是一个科幻电影,所以我们可以乐观。从前句的含义,“人类不会对外星生命友好”,从后句“星际迷航的理念是作为未来交流者”。由此可以推测出,在电视节目上我们可以乐观。故选B。

3. 推理判断题。题意:关于星际迷航,作者的观点是什么?A. The life forms on other planets are stupid.其它星球上的生命是愚蠢的;B. Interesting ideas make a new series popular.有趣的想法使得一个新的系列受欢迎;C. The new series might not be successful without better actors.没有更好的演员这个新的系列可能不会成功。由短文最后一自然段中的“The TV company will have to get better actors. If they do that, the show might be a success.”(公司必须有更好的演员,如果有,节目可能成功)可知作者的观点是C。

4. 题目推断题。题意;短文最好的标题将是什么?A. Aliens on Other Planets.其它星球上的生物;B. The Idea of Human Life.人类生活的想法;C. A Science Fiction. 一部科幻电影;D. A New Series about Future.关于未来的新系列剧。本文主要介绍的是一新系列剧的内容及作者的观点,故选D。




1.根据Countries like France, Brazil and even Japan have their own hip-hop culture.得知。

2. 前句:当“说唱”方式的传统从西非传到美国时,发展成了不同有音乐款式,比如说布鲁斯和爵士乐;后句:而且在20世纪70年代,纽约有许多贫穷的地区。可以推测从这里讲述的是嘻哈文化传播的途径及方式,故选E:These styles all started in poor African-American areas.(这些艺术形式都起源于非洲与美国人的贫困地区。)

3. 后句:那是在1980年,我在纽约的一个晚会上。这里讲述了第一次嘻哈经历。故选A:I remember the first time I heard hip-hop.我还记得我第一次听到嘻哈的事。

4. 后句:像Missy和她的朋友Tim等今天成功的美国艺术家在成长过程中都在电台听过嘻哈。从这里的含义上可以推测前句讲述的是嘻哈的流行度,故选F:During the 1980s, hip-hop became popular all over the USA.(在20世纪80年代,嘻哈在全美国流行。)




试题解析:1. What are you doing? 句意:后句:哦,你好,我正在为明天的红鼻子音乐会做准备。可以推测出前句问:你在干什么?故填:What are you doing?

2. Can I help you? 句意:前句:哦,真的吗?今天下午我有空。自然跟出主动提供帮助的句子:Can I help you?(也可以填与其含义相当的句子)

3. Sure. 句意:前句:请问你可以帮我们做那件事吗?从上文知道Darren有空,而且愿意帮助,故这里填表示欣然接受的句子即可:Sure/Certainly等等。

4. What time shall we meet 前句:你介意明天早些来帮忙在门口卖票吗?后句:大约六点。可以推测是问明天相见的时间。故填:What time shall we meet?

5. See you then 从语境看,时间都确定下来了,故填:See you then.到时见。

答案:1.What are you doing?2.Can I help you?/What can I do for you?/ Can I give you a hand?/Is there anything I can do for you?/Do you need help?/ Can I do something for you?3.Of course./OK/All right/I’d love to./Sure./Certainly./No problem./With pleasure.4.What time? /When?/ What time shall I be there?/ When shall I come?/ What time shall we meet?5.See you then./ I’ll be there on time./Let’s meet at 6./See you at 6 tomorrow.



答案:There is an old saying, ”East, west, home’s best.” I live in a house in the countryside.There’s a big living room, three bedrooms, a kitchen and a washroom in it.There’re some trees and flowers arou nd my house.The air is really clean.And I often hear birds singing.There’re four people in my family.They’re my parents, my sister and I.We’re helpful and friendly.And we always get on well with each other.I’m happy I have a good family.I will do what I can to help do more housework and farm work.I’ll study harder so that I can make more money in the future.With our effort.I’m sure my home will be better and better.

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