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健步走对中老年女性机能和血脂的影响

第31卷第4期

2011年7月广州体育学院学报Journal of Guangzhou Sport University Vol. 31No. 4July. 2011

健步走对中老年女性机能和血脂的影响

李翠琴

(湖南物流技术学院,湖南长沙410000)

摘要:观察健步走中中老年女性机能和血脂的变化,探讨长期有规律的健步走运动对中老年女性机能和血脂的影

——脉率、响。运用试验法对50 65岁的中老年女性参加为期16周健步走运动前后之机能指标—血压、肺活量、台阶

——总胆固醇TC 、指数和血脂四项指标—甘油三脂TG 、高密度脂蛋白HDL —C 、低密度脂蛋白LDL —C 进行自身对照,

结果为:脉率、收缩压、舒张压降低,肺活量、台阶指数增高;总胆固醇TC 、甘油三脂TG 、低密度脂蛋白LDL —C 指标值

高密度脂蛋白HDL —C 指标值升高,其均值差异均具显著意义(P <0. 05)或高度显著意义(P <0. 01)。适宜下降,

强度健步走是改善中老年女性心血管系统机能水平和防治高血脂症的一项安全有效的有氧健身运动。

关键词:健步走;中老年;女性;机能;血脂;试验

中图分类号:G804. 7文献标识码:A 文章编号:1007-323X (2011)04-0108-03

The Influences of Vigorously Walking Exercise on the Physical Functions

and Lipids of Middle -aged and Elder Women

Li Cui -qin

(Hunan Vocational College of Modern Logistics Hunan Changsha 410131)

Abstract :This experiment to observe the physical functions and blood lipids changes of the middle -aged and elder women who engaged in the long term regular vigorously walking exercise ,is for the purpose of seeking the influences of the exercise on these women. Methods :the females ,aged 50to 65years old ,were selected to perform 16weeks regular vigorously walking exercise. The indexes including pulse rate ,blood pressure ,vital capacity ,step index ,blood lipids and the indexes of total

triglyceride (TG ),high density lipoprotein (HDL -C ),low density lipoprotein (LDL -C )were measured cholesterol (TC ),

and compared before and after the experiment. Results :the pulse rate ,systolic blood pressure ,diastolic blood pressure were decreased ,the vital capacity ,step index were increased ,total cholesterol (TC ),triglyceride (TG ),low -density lipoprotein (LDL -C )were decreased ,high density lipoprotein HDL -C index increased ,with the mean differences were significant (P <0. 05)or highly significant (P <0. 01). The findings showed the following :The most suitable intensity vigorously walking is a safe and effective aerobic exercise for improving cardiovascular funct
ion level and prevention of hyperlipidemia to the mid-dle -aged and elder women.

and compared before and after the experiment. Results :the pulse rate ,systolic blood pressure ,diastolic blood pressure were decreased ,the vital capacity ,step index were increased ,total cholesterol (TC ),triglyceride (TG ),low -density lipoprotein (LDL -C )were decreased ,high density lipoprotein HDL -C index increased ,with the mean differences were significant (P <0. 05)or highly significant (P <0. 01). The findings showed the following :The most suitable intensity vigorously walking is a safe and effective aerobic exercise for improving cardiovascular function level and prevention of hyperlipidemia to the mid-dle -aged and elder women.

Key words :Vigorously Walking Exercise ;Middle -aged and Elder Women ;Female ;Functions ;Lipids ;Experiment 人随着年龄的增大,身体各器官系统会逐渐老

化,特别是心血管系统在形态和功能上会发生一系列

衰老退行性的变化,患心血管疾病的几率上升,本研究旨在探讨健步走对中老年女性心血管机能和血脂的影响,为健步走运动处方的制定提供参考依据。

收稿日期:2011-06-18

作者简介:李翠琴(1968-),女,湖南长沙人,副教授

研究方向:体育教育与训练、社区体育108

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