当前位置:文档之家 > 1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

1991年1月大学英语六级(CET-6)真题试卷

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A

1. A) Excited.

B) Pleased.

C) Moved.

D) Disappointed.

2. A) She hasn’t been well lately.

B) She wants a technician to repair it.

C) She feels unhappy without the TV set.

D) She wants him to fix it at once.

3. A) He often complains about his job.

B) He is not interested in office work.

C) He likes his job very much.

D) He does mind all the overtime.

4. A) Her mother did her hair.

B) She inherited it.

C) Her mother designed.

D) Her hair is modeled.

5. A) Allen does twice as much work as the rest.

B) Allen will do the assignment in two hours.

C) Allen is very careless with his homework.

D) Allen works twice as fast as the rest.

6. A) The man is looking for a book.

B) The woman is a librarian.

C) The book was of little help to the man.

D) The book was of great help to the man.

7. A) 6.

B) 15.

C) 14.

D) 29.

8. A) Maybe the invitation was too late.

B) The man’s wife didn’t invite Margaret.

C) Margaret promised to come, but later she changed her mind.

D) Margaret will come any moment.

9. A) To go to bed.

B) To check her family expenses.

C) To stay upstairs.

D) To rest for a while.

10. A) John is usually late.

B) John will not show up.

C) John will be there at eight-thirty.

D) John is usually on time.

Section B

Passage One

11. A) Some piano pieces.

B) Songs sung by African singers.

C) A new kind of music.

D) Music from different parts of the world.

12. A) Tenderness.

B) Happiness.

C) Love.

D) Sadness.

13. A) How much people like sad music.

B) Why music is an important form of art.

C) How music expresses people’s feelings.

D) In what way classic music differs from pop music.

Passage T wo

14. A) The way you pursue it.

B) The interest you have.

C) The time you can afford.

D) The money you spend on it.

15. A) Playing tennis.

B) Playing cards.

C) Collecting coins.

D) Collecting stamps.

16. A) One can always find time to pursue a hobby.

B) A hobby is of particular importance to a political figure.

C) The correct choice of a hobby depends on one’s racial position.

D) Everyone should learn how to choose a hobby from Winston Churchill.

Passage Three

17. A) To train students to be successful scholars.

B) To teach students to be good citizens.

C) To teach students to work hard.

D) To train students to be social workers.

18. A) To do better in math and science.

B) To compete with each other.

C) To obey the teacher.

D) To help each other.

19. A) Relaxing.

B) Boring.

C) Tense.

D) Serious.

20. A) Low scores of the students.

B) Teachers’ impatience.

C) Bad behavior among children.

D) Heavy course load.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Passage One

Merchant and passenger ships are generally required to have a life preserver for every person aboard and, in many cases, a certain percentage of smaller sizes for children. According to United States Coast Guard requirements, life preservers must be simple in design, reversible, capable of being quickly adjusted to fit the uninitiated individual, and must be so designed as to support the wearer in the water in an upright or slightly backward position.

Sufficient buoyancy (浮力) to support the wearer should be retained by the life preserver after 48 hour in the water, and it should be reliable even after long period of storage. Thus it should be made of materials resistant to sunlight, gasoline, and oils, and it should be not easily set on fire.

The position in which the life preserver will support a person who jumps or falls into the water is most important, as is its tendency to turn the wearer in the water from a face-down position to an upright or slightly backward position, with his face clear of the water, even when the wearer is exhausted or unconscious.

The method of adjustment to the body should be simple, and self-evident to uninitiated persons even in the dark under the confused conditions which follow a disaster. Thus, the life preserver should be reversible, so that it is nearly impossible to set it on wrong. Catches, straps, and ties should be kept to a minimum. In addition, the life preserver must be adjustable to the wide variety of shapes and sizes of wearers, since this greatly affects the position of floating and the self-righting qualities. A suitable life preserver should also be comfortable to wear at all times, in and out of the water, not so heavy as to encourage to take it off on shipboard while the ship is in danger, nor so burdensome that it hinders a person in the water while trying to swim.

21. The passage is mainly about ________.

A) the uses of life preservers

B) the design of life preservers

C) the materials for life preservers

D) the buoyancy of life preservers

22. According to the passage, a life preserver should be first of all, ________.

A) adjustable

B) comfortable

C) self-evident

D) self-righting

23. United States Coast Guard does NOT require the life preserver to the made

________.

A) with as few strings as possible

B) capable of being worn on both sides

C) according to each wearer’s size

D) comfortable and light to wear

24. By “the uninitiated individual” (Para. 1,line 6) the author refers to the person

________.

A) who has not been instructed how to use a life preserver

B) who has a little experience in using a life preserver

C) who uses a life preserver without permission

D) who becomes nervous before a disaster

25. What would happen if a person were supported by the life preserver in a wrong

position?

A) The waves would move him backwards.

B) The water would choke him.

C) He would immediately sink to the bottom.

D) He would be exhausted or unconscious.

Passage T wo

A hundred years ago it was assumed and scientifically “proved” by economists that the laws of society made it necessary to have a vast army of poor and jobless people in order to keep the economy going. Today, hardly anybody would dare to voice this principle. It is generally accepted that nobody should be excluded from the wealth Western industrialized countries, a system of insurance has been introduced which guarantees everyone a minimum of subsistence (生活维持费) in case of unemployment, sickness and old age. I would go one step further and argue that, even if these conditions are not present, everyone has the right to receive the means to subsist (维持生活), in other words, he can claim this subsistence minimum without having to have any “reason”.

I would suggest, however, that it should be limited to a definite period of time, let’s say two years, so as to avoid the encouraging of an abnormal attitude which refused any kind of social obligation.

This may sound like a fantastic proposal, but so, I think, our insurance system would have sounded to people a hundred years ago. The main objection to such a scheme would be that if each person were entitled to receive minimum support, people would not work. This assumption rests on the fallacy of the inherent laziness in human nature, actually, aside from abnormally lazy people, there would be very few who would not want to earn more than the minimum, and who would prefer to do nothing rather than work.

However, the suspicions against a system of guaranteed subsistence minimum are not groundless, from the standpoint of those who want to use ownership of capital for the purpose of forcing others to accept the work conditions they offer. If nobody were forced to accept work in order not to starve, work would have to be sufficiently interesting and

attractive to induce one to accept it. Freedom of contract is possible only if both parties are free to accept and reject it; in the present capitalist system this is not the case.

But such a system would not only be the beginning of real freedom of contract between employers and employees, its principal advantage would be the improvement o f freedom in inter-personal relationships in every sphere of daily life.

26. People used to think that poverty and unemployment were due to ________.

A) the slow development of the economy

B) the poor and jobless people’s own faults

C) the lack of responsibility on the part of society

D) the large number of people who were not well-educated

27. Now it is widely accepted that ________.

A) the present system of social insurance should be improved

B) everybody should be granted a minimum of subsistence without any “reason”

C) everybody has the right to share in the wealth of the country

D) people have to change their attitude towards the poor

28. The writer argues that a system of social insurance should ________.

A) provide benefits for the sick, old and unemployed

B) encourage people to take on more social obligations

C) guarantee everyone the right to be employed

D) provide everyone with the right to a minimum subsistence for a certain period

29. The word “fallacy” (Para. 2. L. 6) means ________.

A) doubt

B) fact

C) strong argument

D) wrong belief

30. According to the writer, a system of guaranteed subsistence minimum ________.

A) demands too much from society

B) makes freedom of contract impossible

C) helps people take interest in their work

D) helps bring about changes in the relationship among people

Passage Three

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

The newborn can see the difference between various shapes and patterns from birth. He prefers patterns to dull or bright solid colors and looks longer at stripes and angles than at circular patterns. Within three weeks, however, his preference shifts dramatically to the human face.

Why should a baby with so little visual experience attend more to a human face than to any other kind of pattern’? Some scientists think this preference represents a built in advantage for the human species. The object of prime importance to the physically helpless infant is a human being. Babies seem to have a natural tendency to the human face as potentially rewarding. Researchers also point out that the newborn wisely relies more on pattern than on outline, size, or color. Pattern remains stable, while outline changes with point of view; size, with distance from an object; and brightness and color, with lighting.

Mothers have always claimed that they could see their newborns looking at them as they held them, despite what they have been told. The experts who thought that perception (知觉) had to await physical development and the consequence of action were wrong for several reasons. Earlier research techniques were less sophisticated than they are today. Physical skills were once used to indicate perception of objects-skills like visual tracking and reaching for an object, both of which the newborn does poorly. Then, too, assumptions that the newborn’s eye and brain were too immature for anything as sophisticated as pattern recognition caused opposing data to be thrown away. Since perception of form was widely believed to follow perception of more “basic” qualities such as color and brightness, the possibility of its presence from birth was rejected.

31. What does a newborn baby like to see most’?

A) Bright colors.

B) Circular patterns.

C) Stripes and angles.

D) V arious shapes.

32. The newborn pays more attention to a human face than any other kind of objects

because ________.

A) he sees a human face more often than any other kind of pattern

B) he has an inherent ability to regard a human being as helpful

C) a human face is the most complex pattern he can see

D) a human face is often accompanied by a pleasant voice

33. Contrary to what they believe, mothers have been told that newborns ________.

A) care little about a human face

B) can’t track their movements

C) can’t see their faces

D) can easily perceive brightness

34. In earlier researches on the newborn’s perception, scientists ________.

A) ignored evidence contrary to their assumptions

B) believed that perception of form comes before perception of color and brightness

C) opposed throwing away effective data

D) proved that physical skills come after visual perception

35. The main idea of the passage is that ________.

A) research techniques are of vital importance scientific investigation

B) the findings of earlier scientific researchers often prove wrong

C) newborns can perceive forms from birth

D) more often than not the claims of mothers are reliable

Passage Four

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

Albert Einstein recalled his learning problems philosophically: “My intellectual (智力的) development was slow, as a result of which I began to wonder about space and time only when I had already grown up. Naturally, I could go deeper into the problem than a child.” And so, 11 years after dismissal from school, young Albert Einstein published the theory of relativity that changed our understanding of the universe.

No one in this century has been more widely recognized as a genius than Einstein. Y et his problems with early intellectual development and his peculiar gifts cast great doubt on all our conventional ideas about genius, intelligence or “I.Q.” (智商). On the one hand, Einstein showed early defects in abilities that our mental tests value; on the other hand, his special intellectual faculties went far beyond most definitions of intelligence. Moreover, their growth appears peculiarly gradual, contradicting the popular conception of intelligence as something inborn and fixed. His resolute persistence and his skills in playing games with ideas were apparently as decisive to his genius as any cutting edge of intellect (智能).

These powerful aspects of intelligence that conventional definitions overlook are getting close attention in a new wave of research. This comes after years of earlier studies which exposed the narrowness of our usual measures of mental ability. Intelligence, it turns out, is multifaceted and marvelous; it includes personal characteristics, creativity skills and intellectual capabilities that show up on no test. What is most exciting is that some of these iii-defined abilities are possessed by many people. Just knowing about such neglected skills will help us discover and develop untapped (未开发的) potential-in ourselves and in our children.

36. This passage is about ________.

A) the development of Einstein’s intellect

B) the wide recognition of Einstein as a genius

C) conventional ideas concerning genius

D) an insight to the complexity of human intelligence

37. According to the passage, when Einstein was at school, he ________.

A) fell behind other pupils

B) was fond of studying philosophical problems

C) was proud of his own diligence

D) thought more deeply about the problems of space and time than his classmates

38. Which of the following led to Einstein’s success?

A) His good skills in game-playing.

B) His diligence and powerful mind.

C) His unusual insight into the conception of intelligence.

D) His decisiveness in taking actions.

39. “Multifaceted” (Para. 3, Line 6) probably means ________.

A) having many aspects

B) having many abilities

C) having many skills

D) having many uses

40. According to the passage which of the following statements is TRUE’?

A) Conventional intelligence tests are not reliable.

B) For ordinary people intelligence is something inborn and fixed.

C) Einstein was apparently a genius in playing games as well as in scientific

research.

D) Einstein’s early defects in abilities contributed to his later mental development.

Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

41. The oil shortage ________ the prices of chemical fertilizers on the world market.

A) drove oil

B) drove up

C) drove in

D) drove off

42. There are five ________ mistakes in this picture. Can you find them and win a

prize?

A) intensive

B) deliberate

C) planned

D) calculated

43. These studies will yield valuable lemons ________.

A) in which to save lives and protect property

B) how to save lives and protect property

C) in how to save lives and protect property

D) about those to save lives and protect property

44. The school offered flexible courses for farmers, ________ more hours of study

when farm work was not heavy.

A) with

B) without

C) in

D) for

45. Part of the cost of many articles is taken as tax by the government ________ the

community.

A) in place of

B) on account of

C) in terms of

D) on behalf of

46. Soldiers act in ________ to the orders of their officers.

A) obligation

B) objection

C) obedience

D) offence

47. ________ after the Second World War that test pilots first attempted to break the

“Sound barrier.”

A) It was shortly

B) Until shortly

C) Shortly was it

D) Shortly

48. ________ in the Atacama Desert.

A) It never virtually rains

B) It virtually never rains

C) Never it rains virtually

D) Never virtually it rains

49. Society now requires the university to be a part of the community. ________,

students themselves expect to play a role in the affairs of society.

A) Hence

B) However

C) Moreover

D) Otherwise

50. Superconductors lose electrical resistance only ________ subjected to intense cold.

A) through

B) when

C) as

D) by

51. Those who lie and cheat will never ________ it.

A) get on with

B) get back to

C) get away with

D) get off with

52. A foreign language like English is difficult to learn, so you ________ work too hard.

A) should

B) mustn’t

C) can’t

D) ought to

53. Cultural life in England takes so many forms that a brief summary can only attempt

to ________ its variety.

A) suggest

B) remind

C) consider

D) propose

54. There are ________ periods in an animal’s life when it is capable of learning a great

deal in a very short time.

A) urgent

B) violent

C) serious

D) critical

55. Do employers in your country ________ workers for in juries suffered at their

work?

A) conform

B) conflict

C) compel

D) compensate

56. Since they betrayed us, they have no hope of convincing ________ their sincerity.

A) with

B) for

C) in

D) of

57. They assured us that ________ was waiting for they were there to share it.

A) what

B) whatever

C) it

D) whoever

58. ________ exposure to dirty air can cause people suffer from some diseases.

A) Raised

B) Prolonged

C) Expanded

D) Enlarged

59. ________ about one of the most rapidly changing countries in a ceaselessly

changing world is not all easy.

A) Being informed

B) To be informing

C) Have in formed

D) Informed

60. Though you stay in the sea for weeks, you will not ________ contact with the

outside world.

A) lose

B) fall

C) miss

D) fail

61. Visitors to England sometimes find the lack of public activities in the evenings

________.

A) depressed

B) depression

C) depressing

D) depressingly

62. Julie is one of those women who always ________ the latest fashions.

A) look after

B) keep up with

C) run for

D) go in for

63. This traditional entertainment for children in America has never, ________ I know,

become popular in China.

A) as far as

B) as much

C) to the extent that

D) so long as

64. Mr. Smith attends to the ________ of important business himself:

A) transmission

B) transformation

C) transaction

D) transition

65. Besides what you have explained, can you think of ________ reason for their

terrible action?

A) any

B) else

C) other

D) another

66. The chairman threatened ________ if his policies were not adopted.

A) to resign

B) resigning

C) to be resigned

D) being resigned

67. She was able to give the police a full account of since she had been ________ to it.

A) an observer

B) an on-looker

C) a watcher

D) a witness

68. V ery few people understood his lecture, the subject of which was very ________.

A) obscure

B) upsetting

C) distant

D) inferior

69. Although the national government has introduced some new laws on this subject, it

is the ________ state governments which are responsible for pollution control.

A) precisely

B) primarily

C) progressively

D) preliminarily

70. He would ________ it that his son took a livelier interest in politics.

A) see into

B) see through

C) see about

D) see to

Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)

Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether

10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word,

add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections

in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the

correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an

insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the

blank. If you delete a word, cross it and put a slash (/) in the blank. Example:

Television is rapidly becoming th e literature of our periods

╱. 1. time/times/period

╱used f or th e stu dy of literatu re as 2. _______\_______ Many of the arguments having

a school subject are valid for ∧study of television. 3. ______the______

By the time of the Civil War, there were many differences between the North and the South.

For instance, the population of the (71) North was far greater than of the South. (72) Twenty-two million people lived in the North; nine million lived in the South. To the nine million people in the South, more than three million were (73) slaves, many of

1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

The Southern leaders hoped to gain war supplies from European countries. They planned to buy their crops (78) to England and France in return for guns and ammunition to fight the war. (79)

Except its industry, the North also had a larger network of railroads to transport supplies. (80) The South, which had few railroads, depended on its waterways to transport men and supplies.

Moreover, the North had an establishing army, navy, and government, while the South had to begin organizing its self military force.

Part V Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about Man Is to Survive. You should base your writing on the following outline:

1. 人类面临的问题(如能源、疾病、污染、人口等)

2. 悲观的看法(如人类将无法生存)

3. 人类的智慧和出路

Y our composition should be no less than 120 words. Be sure to write your composition in readable handwriting.

Man Is to Survive

1991年1月六级参考答案16 / 38 1991年1月六级参考答案

Part I

1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

1991年1月CET6真题,原文,参考答案

1991年6月大学英语六级(CET-6)真题试卷

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A

1. A) She wants to return the skirt her husband bought.

B) She wants to buy another skirt.

C) She wants to change the blue skirt for a yellow one.

D) She wants to change the yellow skirt for a blue one.

2. A) It’s too expensive.

B) It isn’t needed.

C) It should be built.

D) A college would be better.

3. A) Jack’s car was stolen.

B) Jack sold his car.

C) Jack bought a new car.

D) Jack had a car accident.

4. A) Some people pretend to know what they really don’t.

B) What the woman said is true.

C) What the woman said is wrong.

D) He knows more than the woman does.

5. A) The woman’s job is a librarian.

B) Women’s rights in society.

C) An important election.

D) Career planning.

6. A) She thinks it is easier said than done.

B) She totally agrees with him.

C) She feels that what he says is simply nonsense.

D) She thinks that he is rather impolite person.

7. A) To clean the yard.

B) To weed the garden.

C) To hire a gardener.

D) To work in the flower beds.

8. A) On the 6th of June.

B) On the 8th of June.

C) On the 9th of June.

D) On the 19th of June.

9. A) The man thinks the woman is wasting her time.

B) The man thinks the woman should make full use of her time.

C) The man is eager to know the woman’s answer.

D) The man can wait and there is no need for her to hurry.

10. A) To run into each other.

B) To get bargains.

C) To avoid the crowds.

D) To join the crowds.

Section B

Passage One

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) Because of their love for hobbies and pastimes.

B) Because of their enthusiasm for sports.

C) Because of their fear of heart attacks.

D) Because of their strong desire for good health.

12. A) It was decreasing.

B) It was increasing.

C) It remained almost unchanged.

D) It was going up slowly.

13. A) Those who have heart attacks.

B) Those who have the desire to be physically fit.

C) Those who have spare time.

D) Those who have inactive jobs.

Passage T wo

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A) In the white pages.

B) In the blue pages.

C) In the yellow pages.

D) In a special section.

15. A) On the first page of the telephone book.

B) At the end of the telephone book.

C) In the front of the white pages.

D) Right after the white pages.

16. A) Check your number and call again.

B) Tell the operator what has happened.

C) Ask the operator to put you through.

D) Ask the operator what has happened.

Passage Three

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A) Its specialization in transporting small packages.

B) The low cost of its service.

C) Being the first airline to send urgent letters.

D) Its modern sorting facilities.

18. A) 10,000.

B) 35.

C) 130.

D) 30.

19. A) Because of its good airport facilities.

B) Because of its location in the country.

C) Because of its size.

D) Because of its round-the-clock service.

20. A) Its full-time staff.

B) The postmen who work in Memphis.

C) Students who work in their spare time.