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看图短文填空专练

看图填词解题技巧

按2012广东中考大纲,看图填词只有一幅图,必须掌握以下解题技巧:

1. 看图了解大背景

2. 通读全文

3. 这类试题中改写后的句子或短文基本上是通过缩写,以变换词语和句子结构

的方式来达到同种意思的不同表达。所填的词以实词为主,有些要填的词可以从原短文中直接找到答案。

4. 所填的词必须首先符合语义适用原则,所以不能看一空就填一空,必需符合

全文的大意。因此要纵观全文,围绕中心意思,全盘综合考虑来确定词义。

5. 所填的词还必须符合语法正确的原则,必须从词语搭配、句型结构以及人称、

时态、语态上来判定所填词的正确形式。

6. 寻读有关的段落或词句时应仔细对照留有空格的句子,精确理解并找出充足的依据来确定该空格应填的词义。

7. 要把握原短文中心意思必须注重对短文第一段与最后一段的阅读和理解。学

会在段落中找准主题句,这样才有助于把握全文的中心意思。

一、A Figure Back-to-front

It was morning. The children were

having a (1) lessen in the

classroom. The classroom was on the (2)

floor. Peter, a boy of Grade One, was

doing a sum (算术题) on the

(3) . He was not (4)

at sums and did not know the

(5) . He turned around and (6)

Dick, his best friend, standing behind

the window. Dick saw that Peter had (7)

doing the sum. He (8)

the answer on the window gl
ass. Dick

the answer on the window glass. Dick

did it for Peter to copy, but Peter was

a silly boy. He wrote the figure 5 back-to-front. Miss White, the teacher, was very much (9)_ _. She turned around and saw Dick and the figure on the window (10) _ _.

答案:1. __________2. __________3. __________4. __________5. ___________

6.__________

7.___________

8.__________

9.___________10.__________

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