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第三讲 M3 Unit 3 Back to the past

Unit 3 Back to the past

一、难点解析

1.We are in Italy now, and tomorrow we are visiting Pompeii.

我们现在到了意大利,明天将参观庞贝。

句中are visiting是现在进行时,表示“将参观”,英语中表示“来”、“去”等意义的动词常可用现在进行时表示将来的动作。

现在进行时表将来的用法表示近期的、事先已经计划安排好的。例如:—How are you getting to the airport?

—By taxi. Bob is coming with me to the airport.

“你准备怎样去机场?”“坐出租车去。鲍勃打算和我一起去机场。”

My uncle is coming to see me tomorrow.

我叔叔明天要来看我。

2. In 89 BC, the Romans took over Pompeii.

公元前89年,罗马人占领了庞贝。

短语take over 的意思是“占领”、“接管”,后可接名词或动名词,也可单独使用。例如:

He‟d like to take over the farm one day.

他想有一天接管这个农场。

He is taking over my job while I am on holiday.

我度假期间,他将接手我的工作。

Not long after the Amer
ican Civil War began, the Northern army took over many of the Southern cities.

Not long after the American Civil War began, the Northern army took over many of the Southern cities.

美国南北战争爆发后不久,北方军队占领了许多南方城市。

After we had stopped for lunch, Sheila took over the driving for a while.

我们停下来用午餐后,希拉接过去开了一会儿车。

3. On 24th August AD 79, the volcano erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside.

公元79年8月24日,该火山突然爆发,熔岩、火山灰和岩石从火山口喷射到周边的乡村。

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