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(完整word版)反义疑问句练习题(附答案)

反意疑问句

一、祈使句后的反意疑问句:

祈使句后加一个反意疑问句,使祈使句变得更加委婉。肯定祈使句的反意疑问句通常用will you, won’t you, would you, can you, can’t you等来表达不同的含义。在否定的祈使句后的反意疑问句通常只用will you。

1、表示“请求”,肯定祈使句的反意疑问句用will you。

如:Give me a hand, will you?

2、表示“邀请”、“劝诱”时,肯定祈使句后的反意疑问句用won’t you。

如:Have another cup of tea, won’t you?

3、表示“催促”、“不耐烦”时,肯定祈使句后的反意疑问句用can’t you。

如:Stop talking, can’t you?

4、用“Let’s…”开头的肯定祈使句表示“提议、建议、主张”,其后的反意疑问句用shall we。如:Let’s have a try, shall we?

但是以Let us…或Let me…开头的祈使句后的反意疑问句则要用will you。

如:Let us go now, will you?

5、否定祈使句的反意疑问句只用will you。如:Don’t take away my dictionary, will you?

以Let’s not…开头的祈使句后的反意疑问句,用all right或OK。

二、复合句的反意疑问句

其反意疑问的主谓语视其主要内容而定,不能一概说以主句为准还是以从句为准。

1、多数复合句后的反意疑问句的主、谓语同主句的主、谓语一致。

如:He said he was a teacher, didn’t he

2、①主句是I think(suppose, consider, believe, guess, expect, imagine, feel, am afraid, hear, say等)+宾语从句时,反意疑问句的主、谓语应与从句的主、谓语一致。

如:I don’t think he will come, will he?

②陈述部分如果是“I don’t think(believe,suppose,expect…)+宾语从句”时,疑问部分中的动词和主语应与宾语从句中的动词和主语保持一致,并且要用肯定形式;由于主句中的否定其实是因后接的宾语从句转移到主句,其从句仍为否定句,故其回答应用肯定式,如:

--We don’t imagine the twins have arrived,have they?

--Yes,they have.(不,他们到了)/No,they haven’t.(是的,他们没到)

③当主句的主语为二、三人称即You/He/She/It thinks(suppose, consider, believe, guess, expect, imagine, feel, am afraid, hear, say等)+宾语从句时,其后的问句应与主句相一致(此时,否定只看主句,与从句无关),如:

Your sister supposes she needs no help,doesn’t she?

3、并列复合句的反意疑问句的主、谓语应与相近的分句的主、谓语相一致。

如:John isn’t a hard-working student, for he has been late for three times, hasn’t he?

三、含有情态动词或助动词的反意疑问句:

1、当陈述部分含有情态动词must,其意义表示“必须、必要”时,其后的反意疑问句用mustn’t或needn’t。如:

①You must do it today, mustn’t you?

②She must look after her sister, needn’t she?

如果must的含义表示“一定是、想必”等推测意义时,其后的反意疑问句则要依据句中的谓语动词的时态结构采用be/have/did/do+not等相应形式。如:

①He must bee ill, isn’t he?

②You must have seen the film before, haven’t you?

2、如果陈述部分用了must have+P.P.(过去分词),但明示或暗示了过去的时间,其反意疑问句用过去时。如:

He must have seen him yesterday, didn’t he?

3、陈述部分含情态动词ought to,其后反意疑问句用oughtn’t或shouldn’t.如:

I ought to come here, oughtn’t I?

4、陈述部分含情态动词used to其后反意疑问句用usedn’t或didn’t均可。如:

Tom used to live here, usedn’t he?

5、陈述部分含有have/has/had to时,其后的反意疑问句用do的相应形式。如:

You have to go, don’t you?

但是在陈述句中用have/has/had got to来代替have/has/had to时,反意疑问句用have 的相应形式。如:

Ann has got to see a doctor, hasn’t she?

6、陈述部分有had better/would rather时,其后的反意疑问句用hadn’t/wouldn’t。如:

①You’d better not stay here, had you?

②They would rather take this one, wouldn’t they?

7、当陈述部分有dare或need时,若dare和need为实义动词疑问部分的谓语用do的适当形式;若dare和need为情态动词,疑问部分用dare和need构成。

Need与Dare 用法区别

一、need的用法

1)need可用作实义动词,意为"需要;必要",后面可接名词、动名词或动词不定式等作宾语。注意"need doing"表示被动意义,相当于need to be done。例如:

I need a dictionary, so I need to go to the bookstore. 我需要一本词典,因此我要去趟书店。How often does your hair need washing(need to be washed)? 你的头发需要多久洗一次?

2)need可用作情态动词,通常用于疑问句和否定句中,后接动词原形。这时need没有人称和数的变化,也没有时态的变化。例如:

It's only eight o'clock. Need you go so early? 才八点。你需要去这么早吗?

You needn't tell him about it as I have told him. 你不必跟他说那件事,我已经告诉他了。

3)needn't do与needn't have done的区别:

两者都表示"不必做......"。但前者表示现在或将来不必做;而后者表示"过去(本来)不必做(而事实上已经做了)"。例如:

You needn't carry the desks out of the classroom when you clean the classroom. 你打扫教室时不必把桌子搬到教室外。

You needn't have bought such a big TV as it takes too much room. 你本来不必买这么大的电视,它占据的空间太大了(而事实上已经买了)。

二、dare的用法

1)dare用作实义动词,此时其后的动词不定式可带to也可不带to,且dare有人称和数以及时态的变化。例如:

I dare to jump down from the top of the wall. 我敢从那墙头上跳下来。

She doesn't dare (to) meet her teacher's eyes. 她不敢与老师对视。

2)dare用作情态动词,后跟动词原形,主要用于疑问句、否定句和条件句中。例如:How dare she do things like that to me? 她怎么敢对我做那种事?

-Dare you catch the mouse? 你敢去抓那只老鼠吗?-I daren't do that. 我不敢抓。

If you dare say that to our teacher, I would vote for you. 如果你敢向我们的老师说那件事,我就投你一票。

四、陈述句主语是某些不定代词的反意疑问句:

1、陈述句部分主语是everything, something, anything, nothing时,其后的反意疑问句主语用it。如:

①Everything seems all right, doesn’t it?

②Nothing is in the box, is it?

2、陈述部分的主语是everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody, everyone, no one, none, either, some one时,其后的反意疑问句用主语they以兼顾所指代的男、女两性。如:Everybody has got the new books, haven’t they?

3、陈述部分主语是不定代词one时,其后的反意疑问句一般用主语one。如:

One can’t be always careful, can one?

五、含有否定词或半否定词的反意疑问句:

1、陈述部分含有no, never, seldom, hardly, rarely, scarely, few, little等否定或半否定意义的词时,都视为否定,故反意疑问句部分用肯定形式。如:

Few people knew the answer, did they?

2、如果陈述部分的否定意义只是由单词加否定前缀构成时,其后的反意疑问句一般要用否定形式。如:

He is unhappy, isn’t he?

六、陈述部分的主语是指示代词的反意疑问句:

1、陈述部分主语是指示代词this, that时,其后的反意疑问句用主语it。如:

This is important, isn’t it?

2、陈述部分主语是指示代词these, those时,其后的反意疑问句用主语they。如:

Those are mine, aren’t they?

七、反意疑问句的其他特殊形式:

1、陈述部分是“I’m…”结构时,其后的反意疑问句用aren’t I?如:

I am a student, aren’t I ?

2、陈述部分是there be或there live, there stand, there used to be等结构时,其后的反意疑问句用主语there。如:

There is something wrong with your bike, isn’t there?

3、陈述部分的主语是动词不定式、动名词短语以及词组或从句时,其后的反意疑问句用主语it。如:

Doing eye exercises is good for your eyes, isn’t it?

4、陈述句谓语部分出现否定词缀时,疑问部分仍用否定结构。如:

He is unfit for his office, isn’t he?

5、感叹句后的反意疑问句,动词用be的现在时,主语根据具体内容而定。

①What a clever girl, isn’t she?

②How beautiful the flowers are, aren’t they?

一、选择

1. Linda ate nothing this morning, ___?

A. didn’t she

B. was she

C. did she

D. wasn’t she

2. There’s hardly___ milk in the b ottle, _____there?

A. no, isn’t

B. some, is

C. little, isn’t

D. any, is

3. He has never ridden a horse before, ___?

A. does he

B. has he

C. hasn’t he

D. doesn’t he

4. — He seldom came here, _____? — Yes sir.

A. didn’t he

B. does he

C. doesn’t he

D. did he

5. Everything seems all right, _____ ?

A. does it

B. don’t they

C. won’t it

D. doesn’t it

7. One can’t be too modest, can _____ ?

A. one

B. he

C. it

D. we

8. No one failed in the exam, _____ ?

A. was he

B. did one

C. did they

D. didn’t he

10. Neither you nor I am a artist, _____ ?

A. am I

B. aren’t we

C. are we

D. am n’t I

11. He can’t be her father, _____ he?

A. is

B. isn’t

C. can

D. can’t

12. They have no time to visit the museum, _____?

A. do they

B. haven’t they

C. don’t they

D. will they

14. You’d better go at once, _____ you?

A. hadn’t

B. did

C. didn’t

D. don’t

15. You’d rather work than play, _____ you?

A. hadn’t

B. wouldn’t

C. didn’t

D. mustn’t

16. You dare not do that, _____ you?

A. don’t

B. do

C. dare

D. daren’t

18. He dislikes the two subjects, _____ he?

A. does

B. doesn’t

C. is

D. isn’t

19. These tools are useless now, _____ ?

A. are they

B. aren’t they

C. is it

D. isn’t it

20. He used to get up at 6:30, _____ he?

A. didn’t he

B. did he

C. used he

D. wouldn’t he

22. He ought to win the first prize, _______ he?

A. mustn’t

B. oughtn’t

C. shouldn’t

D. Both B and C.

23. Let’s go there by bus, ___?

A. will you

B. shall we

C. don’t you

D. will you

24. Let us go to play football, ___?

A. will you

B. shall we

C. do we

D. are we

25. Don’t forget to give Polly some food and change her water, ___?

A. will you

B. shall we

C. won’t you

D. do you

26. —Let’s go sh opping this afternoon, _____? — All right.

A. will we

B. shall we

C. don’t we

D. are we

27. — Pass me the dictionary, _____? — Yes, with pleasure.

A. would you

B. will you

C. won’t you

D. wouldn’t you

30. There is little water in the glass, ____?

A. isn’t there

B. isn’t it

C. is it

D. is there

32. There won’t be any concert this Saturday evening, _____ ?

A. will there not

B. will there

C. is there

D. won’t

33. — I guess she taught herself Japanese, ______? — Yes.

A. don’t I

B. did she

C. do I

D. didn’t she

34. I don’t believe you are right, _____ ?

A. are you

B. do you

C. won’t you

D. do

35. She doesn’t think that Tom sings best in the class, _____ ?

A. does she

B. doesn’t she

C. does he

D. doesn’t he

37. I know you didn’t want to hurt me, _____ ?

A. did you

B. didn’t you

C. do I

D. don’t I

38. If my father were here he would be very happy, _____ ?

A. weren’t he

B. were he

C. wouldn’t he

D. would he

39. I don't think that the necklace is made of diamond, ________?

A. do I

B. do you

C. isn't it

D. is it

40. His wife had the carpets and the curtains cleaned, ________?

A. hadn't

B. had

C. didn't she

D. did she

41.It's my son's wedding next week, and I have to do my best for that,_______ ?

A. haven't I

B. don't I

C. don't he

D. isn't it

42.Harry wouldn't become a teacher if it hadn't been for the holiday, ______ ?

A. would he

B. had it

C. would it

D. had he

43. No one left here yesterday,________?

A. didn't they

B. did they

C. didn't one

D. did one

44. Birds rarely build nests in our garden,________?

A. don't they

B. do they

C. didn't they

D. did they

45. You must have been to the Great Wall,____________?

A. mustn't you

B. haven't you

C. aren't you

D. must you

46. learning how to repair motors takes a long time,________?

A. doesn't it

B. don't they

C. does it

D. do they

47.They must have stayed at home last night,________?

A. mustn't they

B. haven't they

C. didn't they

D. must they

48.I feel like going to the cinema tonight,________?

A. don't I

B. don't you

C. do I

D. do you

49.Let's start out early tomorrow morning,________?

A. shall we

B. will you

C. do you

D. can't you

50.There's not much news in today's newspaper,________?

A. isn't it

B. is it

C. isn't there

D. is there

51.They need our help badly at the moment,________?

A. needn't they

B. need they

C. don't they

D. do they

52.She is unfit for the position,________?

A. is she

B. isn't she

C. doesn't she

D. does she

53.I wish to visit America,________?

A. don't I

B. can I

C. may I

D. may you

54.She's been a worker here for many years,________?

A. isn't she

B. is she

C. hasn't she

D. has she

55.What beautiful flowers,________?

A. aren't they

B. are they

C. isn't it

D. is it

56.Mother used to live in a poor village,____________?

A. used she

B. usedn't she

C. didn't he

D. did he

57.You'd better go at once,________?

A. wouldn't you

B. had you

C. hadn't you

D. should you

58.I am very interested in Mark Twain's novels,________?

A. aren't I

B. am not I

C. aren't you

D. are you

59.You’d rather watch TV this evening, ______?

A. isn’t it

B. hadn’t you

C. wouldn’t you

D. won’t you

60. I suppose you’re not going today, ______?

A. are you

B. do you

C. don’t you

D. aren’t you

61. I wish to shake hands with you, ______?

A. shall

B. may I

C. do I

D. will I

62. Three hours ought to be enough time, ______?

A. oughtn’t three hours

B. didn’t they

C. shouldn’t it

D. shouldn’t three hours

63. They have to study a lot, ______?

a. don’t they

b. haven’t they

c. did they

d. hadn’t they

64. When the car crashed, your brother escaped being hurt, ______ ?

a. didn’t he

b. did he

c. did it

d. didn’t it

65. I'm sure dirty, ______?

a. am I

b. isn’t I

c. aren’t I

d. am not I

66. You seem to be dissatisfied with your present post. I don’t think you judged your ability objectively when you applied for it, ______ you?

a. do

b. did

c. don’t

d. didn’t

67. That’s the sort of the book you w ant, ______?

a. is it d. isn’t that c. is that d. isn’t it

68. All these dictionaries are a great help to you, ______?

a. are they

b. aren’t they

c. are all these dictionaries

d. aren’t all these dictionaries

69.The movie that we saw last week was quite interesting, ______?

a. wasn’t it

b. was it

c. didn’t we

d. weren’t we

70.Tom has been writing letters all afternoon, but he should have finished them by now, ______?

a. hasn’t he

b. has he

c. shouldn’t he

d. didn’t you

71.David told me that you would take a trip to America, ______?

a. would you

b. wouldn’t you

c. did you

d. didn’t you

72.There appeared to be no better way, _______?

a. was there

b. were there

c. did there

d. didn’t there

73. You has some trouble finding where I live, ______?

a. didn’t you

b. hadn’t you

c. do I

d. don’t I

74.He has his hair cut every month, ______?

a. has he

b. hasn’t he

c. does he

d. doesn’t he

75.Your friend needs to come earlier, ______?

a. does he

b. doesn’t he

c. need he

d. needn’t he

76.The little boy dare not go to church, ______?

a. dare he

b. daren’t he

c. does he

d. doesn’t he

77. Susan’d have worked abroad if she’d had the chance, ______?

a. has she

b. hadn’t she

c. would she

d. wouldn’t she

78. Everyone’s having a good time, ______?

a. is he

b. isn’t everyone

c. does he

d. aren’t they

79.Any one can join the club, ______?

a. can any one

b. can’t any one

c. can’t they

d. can they

80.Tell me how to operate the electronic computer, ______?

a. will you

b. shan’t you

c. do you

d. don’t you

81.Magaret scarcely comes to visit you on Christmas Day, ______?

a. doesn’t she

b. does she

c. do you

d. don’t y ou

82. Let’s listen to the radio program that the teacher mentioned, ______?

a. do we

b. don’t we

c. shall we

d. shan’t we

83.You think you’re funny, ______?

a. didn’t you

b. are you

c. don’t you

d. do you

84.Janet used to take part in labor in that village, ______?

a. used she

b. did she

c. didn’t she

d. should she

85.What beautiful weather, ______?

a. is it

b. isn’t it

c. won’t it

d. doesn’t it

86. He ought to go to Kwangchow by plane, ______?

a. should he

b. shouldn’t he

c. would he

d. wouldn’t he

87. We never dared to ask him a question, ______?

a. did we

b. didn’t we

c. dared we

d. daren’t we

88. Nobody will believe how difficult his work has been ______?

a. will he

b. won’t nobody

c. will they

d. won’t they

89.You must have made the mistake, ______?

a. mustn’t you

b. haven’t you

c. didn’t you

d. hadn’t you

90.Learning how to repair computers takes a long time, ______?

a. isn’t it

b. aren’t they

c. doe sn’t it

d. don’t they

91.Jack has coffee with breakfast, ______?

a. hasn’t Jack

b. hasn’t he

c. doesn’t Jack

d. doesn’t he

92.They must have stayed at hotel last night, ______?

a. mustn’t they

b. haven’t they

c. didn’t they

d. hadn’t they

93.There isn’t anything wrong with the radio, ______?

a. is there

b. is it

c. does it

d. does there

94.You must be hungry, ______?

a. must you

b. mustn’t you

c. are you

d. aren’t you

95.Let’s do the exercises by ourselves, ______?

a. shall we

b. shan’t we

c. will you

d. will we

96.Her daughter had the carpets and curtains cleaned, ______?

a. had she

b. hadn’t she

c. didn’t she

d. didn’t her daughter

97.The teacher had a talk with you, ______?

a. has you

b. hadn’t she

c. did she

d. didn’t she

二、填空

1、Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night, ___________ ?

2.--You’ve never seen dinosaur eggs, have you ?

--_______________. How I wish to visit the Dinosaur World.

3、His sister had a bad cough, _________she?

4、Mr. Green went to Shenzhen on business last week, ________?

5. John can hardly understand any Chinese, _________he?

6、Don’t smoke in the meeting-room, _________?

7、Lucy, you clean the blackboard today, _______ ?

8. Miss Cheng will never forget her first visit to Canada ,________?

9、The lady couldn’t say a word when she saw the snake,__________?

10、__________the population of china? 1,300,000,000.

11、---______I go and meet you at the airport?

---No ,thanks, dear . I can take a taxi home.

12、------________is the Confucian Temple(孔庙) from here?

------It’s about 10 minutes’ walk.

13、-----_________may I keep these books? -----two weeks.

14、Tina is unhappy now, ____________?

15、---You won’t follow his example, will you ?

---________________, I don’t thin k he is right.

16、----__________do you go to Hong Kong?

----sorry , I’ve never been there.

17、---The boy has to stay at home to look after his little sister,_________?

---Yes, because his mother has gone shopping.

18、----You lent me some money a few months ago.

-----_________? I don’t remember lending you any money .

19、My uncle has never been to a foreign country,_____________?

20、There is some water in that bottle, ___________?

21、----_____________will the foreign students be back from NanJing?----In two days, I think .

22、---Let’s go and play football,__________? ---That’s wonderful.

23. I don’t think that the necklace is made of diamond, __________?

24. His wife had the carpets and the curtains cleaned, ____________?

25. It’s my son’s wedding next week, and I have to do my best for that,__________?

26. Harry wouldn’t become a teacher if it hadn’t been for the holiday, __________?

27. No one left here yesterday,_____________?

28. Birds rarely build nests in our garden,_____________?

29. You must have been to the Great Wall, ____________?

30. Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, _____________?

31. They must have stayed at home last night,____________?

32. There’s not much news in today’s newspaper, _____________?

33. They need our help badly at the moment, ______________?

34. She is unfit for the position, _____________?

35. I wish to visit America, _____________?

36. She’s been a worker here for many years, ______________?

37. What beautiful flowers, ______________?

38. Mother used to live in a poor village, ____________?

39.You’d better go at once, _____________?

40.I am very interested in Mar k Twain’s novels, ____________?

41. He never gets up late , ?

42. Don’t go out ,?

43. Everything begins to grow in spring, ?

44. He can hardly finish the work, ?

45. Let us go home , ?

46. You think he is a good student, ?

47. Nobody knows where she lives, ?

48. Few students can answer the question, ?

49. You needn’t attend the meeting, ______________________?

50. We need to come on Sunday, ________________?

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