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最新中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)(1)

最新中考英语英语阅读理解(附答案)(1)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

Scrub, the pet cat of Jennifer's, was found! It got lost five years ago. Jennifer looked for it everywhere but failed each time. She thought Scrub would never come back. But one day she got a call from an animal shelter(庇护所) and was told they had found Scrub!

How did they know Scrub belonged to Jennifer? How did they know Jennifer's phone number? All the information was available because of the microchip, a very small computer chip(薄片). It was placed under Scrub's skin many years earlier.

The microchip is usually placed under the skin of an animal's shoulder to keep its ID number. Once the chip is in place, the pet does not feel it anymore. When lost pets are brought to animal shelters, people there use a special tool to look for the microchip and read the ID number on it, then they'll call the microchip company to match the number to the information of the pet's owner. This is how the shelter was able to tell Jennifer that they had found Scrub.

Microchips have helped thousands of owners get their lost pets back. In New York, a dog named Roxy was missing for months. Then a woman found her on a busy street in New Jersey. No one knows how the dog got to a different state. However, thanks to her microchip, Roxy was soon returned to her grateful owner.

In 2008, a couple got their cat George back after he had disappeared 13 years earlier! When George got lost, the couple tried everything to find him. They visited animal shelters every day for six months, made posters and even offered a $500 reward(酬金). As years went by, they thought George would never be back till they got the call from an animal shelter. Without the microchip, the cat would never be able to come home again.

Microchips can not only work for a pet's whole life but help lost pets no matter how far they've been away from home. This is why microchips may be just the thing to help bring missing pets back home.

(1)How did Jennifer find her pet cat?

A. By visiting animal shelters.

B. By offering a $500 reward.

C. With the help of the microchip.

D. With the help of a woman in New Jersey.

(2)Which statement about microchips is NOT true according to the passage?

A. They are very small computer chips.

B. They are under an animal's skin of its shoulder.

C. They can help the owners to find the long-lost pets.

D. They can only work for a lost pet that's far away from home.

(3)The right order of how animal shelters help lost pets return home is .

①Get the I D number of the lost pet.

②Call the owner to bring the lost pet home.

③Look for the microchip of the lost pet.

④Call the microchip company to match the number to the information of its owner.

A. ③①②④

B. ③④①②

C. ①③④②

D.

③①④②

(4)According to the passage, we can know that .

A. the couple thought the microchip wasn't helpful at all

B. Scrub didn't feel uncomfortable with the microchip in its body

C. it took a long time to match Roxy's ID number to her owner's information

D. Jennifer herself found her cat according to the ID number on its microchip

(5)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. The reasons why pets got lost.

B. Different ways to find the lost pets.

C. The ways how people care for the lost pets.

D. The introduction of how microchips help the lost pets return home.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)D

(4)B

(5)D

【解析】【分析】大意:本文主要介绍芯片怎样帮助走失的宠物回家,动物收容所通过詹妮弗宠物猫皮肤下的芯片上的身份证号码联系上了失主詹妮弗,芯片帮助了数千名失主找到他们的宠物。

(1)细节题。根据then they'll call the microchip company to match the number to the information of the pet's owner. This is how the shelter was able to tell Jennifer that they had found Scrub.可知,詹妮弗通过芯片的帮助找到他的宠物猫,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据Microchips can not only work for a pet's whole life but help lost pets no matter how far they've been away from home.可知,微芯片不仅能效力宠物的一生而且无论丢失的宠物离家有多远都能帮助。D选项描述跟原文描述不一致,故选D。

(3)细节题。根据 When lost pets are brought to animal shelters, people there use a special tool to look for the microchip and read the ID number on it, then they'll call the microchip company to match the number to the information of the pet's owner. 可知,动物收容所首先寻找丢失宠物的微芯片,其次获取它的身份证号码,然后打电话给芯片公司将号码和它的主人的信息匹配,最后打电话给失主领回丢失的宠物,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据Once the chip is in place, the pet does not feel it anymore.可知,Scrub身上放了芯片没有什么不舒服感,故选B。

(5)主旨题。本文主要介绍芯片怎样帮助走失的宠物回家,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题和主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

2.根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

I grew up in a house where the TV was seldom turned on and with one wall in my bedroom entirely lined with bookshelves, most of my childhood was spent on books I could get hold of. In

fact, I grew up thinking of reading as natural as breathing and books unbelievably powerful in shaping perspectives( 观点 ) by creating worlds we could step into, take part in and live in.

With this belief, I, at fourteen, decided to become a writer. Here too, reading became useful. Every writer starts off knowing that he has something to say, but being unable to find the right ways to say it. He has to find his own voice by reading widely and discovering which parts of the writers he agrees or disagrees with. He cannot write without loving to read, because only through reading other people's writing can one discover what works, what doesn't and, in the end, together with lots of practice, what voice he has.

Now I am in college, and have come to realize how important it is to read books. Reading reminds me that there is life beyond my own. It allows me to travel across the high seas and along the Silk Road, all from the comfort of my own armchair, to experience, though secondhand, exciting experiences that I wouldn't necessarily be able to have in my lifetime.

(1)What can be inferred about the author as a child?

A. He never watched TV.

B. He found reading unbelievable.

C. He considered reading part of his life.

D. He read what he had to.

(2)The underlined word “voice” in the second paragraph most probably means “________”.

A. a belief

B. a way of writing

C. a sound quality

D. a world to write about (3)What effect does reading have on the author?

A. It opens up a wider world for him.

B. It helps him to realize his dream.

C. It makes his college life more interesting.

D. It increases his interest in worldwide travel.(4)Which of the following can be the best title of this text?

A. How do I read?

B. What do I read?

C. Why do I read?

D. When do I read?

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)A

(4)C

【解析】【分析】作者从小的时候就非常喜欢阅读,这个习惯也让他有了成为一名作家的想法。而这一梦想反过来又更加督促他去更多的阅读,因为这样他才能表达自己的思想。作者觉得阅读对于他来说是很重要的。

(1)推理判断题。根据短文第一段中I grew up in a house where the TV was seldom turned on and with one wall in my bedroom entirely lined with bookshelves, most of my childhood was spent on books I could get hold of. In fact, I grew up thinking of reading as natural as breathing可知,作者从小生活在一个很少开电视,却有很多书的家庭里,他童年的大多数时候都是在读书中度过的,他觉得读书就像呼吸一样的自然。由此可知,作者觉得读书是他生活的一部分。故应选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据短文中Every writer starts off knowing that he has something to say, but being unable to find the right ways to say it. He has to find his own voice by reading widely and discovering which parts of the writers he agrees or disagrees with.可知,作者想要成为一名作家,他觉得每个作家都是以阅读开始的,这样他才能找到正确的方式去表达自己的想法。因此这里的voice指的就是一个作家的写作方式。故应选B。

(3)推理判断题。根据短文的最后一段Reading reminds me that there is life beyond my own. It allows me to travel across the high seas and along the Silk Road, all from the comfort of my own armchair, to experience, though secondhand, exciting experiences that I wouldn't necessarily be able to have in my lifetime可知,阅读对于作者来说是非常重要的,它可带着作者穿过海洋,沿着丝绸之路,去体验令人激动的经历,这些经历可能在作者的一生中不会拥有的。因此选项中A选项最符合文意,阅读给作者打开了更广阔的世界。故选A

(4)主旨大意题。这篇短文介绍的是作者从小的时候开始就非常喜欢阅读,这个爱好还让作者想要成为一名作家,而这个梦想反过来又让作者读得更多,到大学的时候,作者意识到了阅读是多么的重要。因此文章的主题是作者为什么阅读,不是怎样读、读什么或什么时候读。故应选C。

【点评】这篇短文介绍了作者为什么喜欢阅读,整篇短文的内容不是很难理解,但是后面的题目需要学生对文章的主题有深层次的理解才能做出来因此理解文章的主题、了解作者的写作意图是做题的关键。例如第2小题,划线的这个单词voice本意是声音,但是在文章里,它肯定不是这个意思。根据这一段的意思可知,作者因为喜欢阅读而有了一个梦想,就是成为作家。而想要成为作家,要去表达自己的思想,就需要更多的去阅读,这样他才能找到自己的写作方式。因此这里的voice不是说出来的声音,而是作家笔下写出来的、能表达自己思想的声音,也就是作家的写作方式,因此应选B。

3.阅读下列短文,从下面每题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。

During the summer holidays, two classmates, Tom and Peter, were travelling in the desert. As they were walking, they had an argument. Tom was so angry that he beat Peter hard across-the face.

Peter felt hurt, but without saying anything, he wrote down in the sand these words, “Today my best friend Tom beat me in the face.”

It was very hot, but they kept on walking and walking until they found a river, where they decided to take a bath. Suddenly Peter got stuck in the mire (泥潭) and started getting down. Seeing that, Tom rushed over and saved him. After Peter got recovered from the danger, he wrote with a knife on a stone, “Today my best friend Tom saved my life.”

Feeling surprised, Tom, who had slapped (掌掴) and saved his best friend, asked Peter, “After I beat you, you wrote something in the sand but just now you put down what I had done on a stone. Why?”

Peter replied, "When someone hurts us, we should take it down in the sand where winds of forgiveness can blow it away. But when someone does some-thing good for us, we must carve (雕刻) it on a stone where no wind can ever do that.”

Hearing that, Tom was deeply moved. He understood what Peter had said and done.

(1)What happened when Tom and Peter were travelling in the desert?

A. Peter hit Tom in the face.

B. They had an argument.

C. They didn't believe each other.

D. Peter got lost while walking.

(2)Where did Peter write the thank-you words after he was saved?

A. In the sand.

B. In the mire.

C. On his face.

D. On a stone.

(3)What can we learn from the story?

A. We can learn how to write down something.

B. We can learn how to fight back when being hurt.

C. We can learn how to thank or forgive others.

D. We can learn how to move somebody deeply.

(4)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Sand and stone

B. A dangerous travel

C. Someone hurts us

D. Someone is friendly to us

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】短文大意:Tom与Peter是同学,两人在沙漠中旅行时发生了争吵,Tom 生气地打了Peter,Peter很受伤的在沙子上写了:Tom打了我的脸。后面他们遇见了一条河,Peter在河里洗澡时被泥潭陷住了,Tom救了他,这是Peter在石头上写了:Tom救了我。Tom很好奇的问为什么要在沙子上和石头上写这些话?Peter说:当有人伤害你时,要让原谅之风吹走它,但有人帮了你,就要永远怀着感恩之心。

(1)细节理解题。从During the summer holidays, two classmates, Tom and Peter, were travelling in the desert. As they were walking, they had an argument.可知他们有了争吵,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。从After Peter got recovered from the danger, he wrote with a knife on a stone, “Today my best friend Tom saved my life.”可知选D。

(3)主旨概括题。从"When someone hurts us, we should take it down in the sand where winds of forgiveness can blow it away. But when someone does some-thing good for us, we must carve (雕刻) it on a stone where no wind can ever do that.”可知从故事中我们学到的是感谢与原谅,故选C。

(4)主旨概括题。A.石头与沙子; B.一次危险的旅行; C.有人伤害了我们; D.有人对我们好。通读全文后可知选A最合适。

【点评】考查对篇章的把握对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

Even in early time, people could realize the importance of dreams and knew that dreams gave meaning to life. Every great achievement has been the result of years of dreaming. If a person has a dream and holds fat to it, he or she will find a way to bring it into reality(现实).

Children do not have much experience or knowledge. However, they are natural dreamers. We should not laugh at them for being naive. Many great men were dreamers when they were children. One such dreamer was Thomas Edison He used to be ostracized(排斥)when he was in primary school, but his achievements were greater than everyone else's in his time.

Teenagers and young people should also be encouraged to dream. The world is full of successful teenagers and young people. They dreamt big and their dreams changed their lives and even the world. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the good examples. They have developed technology and brought great progress to human besides making money for themselves Older people should believe that it is never too late to dream and that human mind is never too old to make dreams tum into reality. Colonel Saunders realized his dreams at the age of 67 and set up the biggest fried chicken company (KFC) in the world. To dream is a wonderful ability which can lead to wonderful results. Olympic records were broken by players who were brave enough to dream. No one is too young or too old to dream and to make dreams come true.

(1)People who ___________ could probably realize their dreams,

A. find a way to dream

B. dream and hold fast to them

C. get the meaning of life

D. have very good school results

(2)Young people should be encouraged to dream because __________.

A. their dreams are natural

B. they are greater than everyone else

C. they have much knowledge

D. their dreams might change the world

(3)What does the example of Colonel Saunders show us?

A. Setting up a big company is a wonderful ability.

B. Developing technology can bring great progress.

C. Even older people can make their dreams come true.

D. People should be brave enough to dream when they are young.

(4)The underlined word "naive" in the passage means" __________ in Chinese.

A. 逆反的

B. 幼稚的

C. 调皮的

D. 冲动的(5)The best title for the passage is __________.

A. From Dream to Reality

B. Good Examples of Dreams

C. Achievements in History

D. A list of Successful Dreamers

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它。

(1)细节题。根据If a person has a dream and holds fat to it, he or she will find a way to bring it into reality(现实).可知如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据They dreamt big and their dreams changed their lives and even the world.可知们梦想远大,梦想改变了他们的生活,甚至改变了世界。故选D。

(3)细节题。根据前句Older people should believe that it is never too late to dream and that human mind is never too old to make dreams tum into reality.可知老年人应该相信,做梦永远不嫌晚,人的心智永远不嫌老,不会让梦想变成现实。故选C。

(4)推断题。根据前句Children do not have much experience or knowledge. However, they are natural dreamers.可知孩子们没有多少经验和知识,然而,他们是天生的梦想家。所以我们不应该嘲笑他们的幼稚,故选B。

(5)主旨题。根据全文可知主要讲了如果一个人有一个梦想,并坚持下去,他或她会找到一种方法来实现它。即从梦想到现实,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。

Cinyee Chiu, an artist from Taiwan, is always happy to try something new. Her amazing works won lots of prizes. Among them, "24 Solar Terms(节气)" is the most popular.

Ancient Chinese divided a year into 24 parts according to the changes of the weather. It's the 24 solar terms. But not everyone knows them well. Cinyee Chiu put the 24 solar terns in pictures to help people understand them better.

Cinyee turned each solar term into an animal. But these animals are not just animals. You can also find seasonal fruits, vegetables or beautiful flowers on them.

When spring comes, water gets warm and fish start to swim around. So Cinyee chose fish as a symbol of Start of Spring. Also, she drew spring vegetables, Chinese chives on the back of the fish. White Dew falls on about Sept. 8. It shows the beginning of the cool autumn. There are colorful leaves and cooler nights at this time of year. As the temperature falls, white dew(露珠) is often seen on the grass and trees at night. For White Dew, Cinyee chose a raccoon—a small animal with thick hair. She drew white spots(小圆点) on the raccoon to show dew. And she used the dragon fruit to show the rich colors in autumn.

The young artist really gave the ancient Chinese culture a new look.

(1)The writer gave ____ examples to show Cinyee's "24 Solar Terms".

A. two

B. three

C. four

D. five

(2)From Paragraph 5, we know that ____.

A. a raccoon likes fish

B. Start of Spring falls on about Dec. 8

C. White Dew shows the end of the autumn

D. Cinyee used white spots to show dew

(3)According to the passage, Picture ____ can't be from Cinyee's "24 Solar Terms".

A.

B.

最新中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)(1)

C.

最新中考英语 英语阅读理解(附答案)(1)

D.

(4)The writer mainly wants to talk about ____.

A. why Cinyee made herself known

B. who divided a year into 24 parts

C. how Cinyee showed the 24 solar terms

D. what Start of Spring and White Dew mean

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:艺术家辛业秋以图片的形式将中国的二十四节气变成24种动物及相应的季节性的水果、蔬菜或美丽的花朵,帮助人们更好地理解它们。

(1)理解归纳题。通读文中的第四、五段可知,本文列举了两个实例来说明了辛业秋二十四节气的表现方式及内容,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中的语句She drew white spots(小圆点) on the raccoon to show dew.理解可知,Cinyee 用白点来显示白露,故选D。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Cinyee turned each solar term into an animal. But these animals are not just animals. You can also find seasonal fruits, vegetables or beautiful flowers on them.理解可知,在每个节气上有动物,水果,蔬菜以及鲜花。分析四副图片可知第四幅不是来自Cinyee的二十四节气,故选D。

(4)理解归纳题。通读全文可知,此文主要介绍了Cinyee是怎样展示中国二十四节气的,故选C。

【点评】考阅读理解。本题主要涉及细节理解题和主旨大意题。细节理解题可以直接从文中找到答案,而主旨大意题需要认真阅读仔细理解,归纳出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

A couple of sparrows(麻雀) lived happily in a huge tree in a jungle. The female sparrow had laid her eggs and they were expecting their babies soon.

One day, an elephant was unable to tolerate the heat of the summer sun. He destroyed all trees, including the tree where the sparrows lived.

The sparrows managed to escape by flying away, but they lost their babies. The eggs fell down to the ground and broke into pieces. They cried loudly and decided to kill the elephant.

They asked their friends, a woodpecker and a fly for help. The fly took them to meet one of his friends, an old frog. The frog was wise and he came up with a good plan soon.

The frog explained, "Fly! Your task is to buzz in the elephant's ears in order to make him sleepy. The woodpeckers task is to hurt his eyes and make him blind. In this hot summer days, he will certainly search for water. I will sit by the nearby pit(深坑) and shout at the top of my voice."

He continued, "When the thirsty elephant hears me, he will think there is a pond or lake nearby and follow my voice. And when he does so, he will fall into the pit and die."

The others agreed to the frog's plan. Everyone did their tasks perfectly. Finally, the elephant fell into the pit and died.

(1)The underlined word "tolerate" means________.

A. protect

B. stand

C. mind

D. encourage

(2)Why did the sparrows want to kill the elephant?

A. Because the elephant destroyed all trees.

B. Because the elephant killed some small animals.

C. Because the elephant's behavior made them lose their babies.

D. Because the elephant wanted to own their tree.

(3)In what order did the following events take place?

a. The frog shouted by the pit.

b. The fly buzzed in the elephant's ears.

C. The elephant fell into the pit and died.

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