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新理念网络学习大厅综合测试第四册 Unit 3

全新版第二版综合B4U3-A

Part I Listening Comprehension ( 15 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear ten statements. Numbers 1 to 6 are based on Text A while the rest are based on Text B. Each statement will be read ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and decide whether each statement is true or false.

1.

A) T

B) F

Script: According to Text A, the college graduate, who came into the author’s office not too long ago looking for a sales job, hadn’t made a good preparation for the interview.

正确答案:A

2.

A) T

B) F

Script: Gift is the secret to success for the best basketball players like Michael Jordan.

正确答案:B

3.

A) T

B) F

Script: Although they didn’t win the tennis match, the author was impressed by his 90-year-old partner who liked to challenge his weak points.

正确答案:B

4.

A) T

B) F

Script: As the saying goes that “never too old to learn”, keep le arning is also one of the keys to being employed.

正确答案:A

5.

A) T

B) F

Script: Don’t try to do what the experts have predicted impossible to realize.

正确答案:B

6.

A) T

B) F

Script: To be self-confident is also critical for people to realize their own dreams.

正确答案:A

7.

A) T

B) F

Script: According to Text B, the author’s parents approved that she made a crack at applying for the position in the Rockefeller Foundation.

正确答案:B

8.

A) T

B) F

Script: With a good education background, it was not difficult for her to enter the university to study medicine.

正确答案:B

9.

A) T

B) F

Script: We can infer that there exists great difference between China and western countries in counting the age.

正确答案:A

10.

A) T

B) F

Script: The author was employed at last because she had done a good job in typewriting.

正确答案:A

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

In America, people are faced with more and more decisions every day, whether it’s picking one of thirty-one ice cream (11)_________________ or deciding whether and when to get married. That sounds like a great thing, but as a recent study has shown, too many choices can make us (12)_________________ , unhappy, even paralyzed with (13)_________________ . “That’s (14)_________________ true when it comes to the work place”, says Barry Schwartz, an author of six books about human (15)_________________ . Students are graduating with a variety of skills and interests, but often find themselves (16)_________________ when it comes to choosing an (17)_________________ career goal. In a study, Schwartz observed decision-making among college students during their senior year. Based on answers to questions regarding their (18)_________________ and career decisions, he divided the students into two groups: maximizers, who consider every possible option, and satisfiers, who look until they find an option that is good enough. You might expect that the student who had undertaken the most exhausted search would be the most satisfied with their final decision, but it turns out that’s not true. Schwartz found that while maximizers ended up with better-paying jobs than satisfiers on average, they weren’t as happy with their decision. The reason why these people (19)_________________ is that a world of possibilities may also be a world of missed opportunities. When you look at every possible option, you tend to focus more on what was given up than what was gained. After surveying every option, a person is more (20)_________________ the opportunities they had to turn down to pursue just one career.

Script: In America, people are faced with more and more decisions every day, whether it’s picking one of thirty-one ice cream flavors or deciding whether and when to get married. That sounds like a great thing, but as a recent study has shown, too many choices can make us confused, unhappy, even paralyzed with indec ision. “That’s particularly true when it comes to the work place”, says Barry Schwartz, an author of six books about human behavior. Students are graduating with a variety of skills and interests, but often find themselves overwhelmed when it comes to choosing an ultimate career goal. In a study, Schwartz observed decision-making among college students during their senior year. Based on answers to questions regarding their job hunting strategies and career decisions, he divided the students into two groups: maximizers, who consider every possible option, and satisfiers, who look until they find an option that is good enough. You might expect that the student who had undertaken the most exhausted search would be the most satisfied with their final decision, b ut it turns out that’s not true. Schwartz found that while maximizers ended up with better-paying jobs than satisfiers on

average, they weren’t as happy with their decision. The reason why these people feel less satisfied is that a world of possibilities may also be a world of missed opportunities. When you look at every possible option, you tend to focus more on what was given up than what was gained. After surveying every option, a person is more acutely aware of the opportunities they had to turn down to pursue just one career.

正确答案:flavors

正确答案:confused

正确答案:indecision

正确答案:particularly

正确答案:behavior

正确答案:overwhelmed

正确答案:ultimate

正确答案:job hunting strategies

正确答案:feel less satisfied

正确答案:acutely aware of

Part II Reading Comprehension ( 25 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with several blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

The job market is becoming increasingly competitive, and your application package should show that you are aware of employers' needs.

Your application letter must make a good first 21 so use appropriate letter 22 and salutations. Don't write too much but make sure you emphasize what you can 23

to the organization. State some of your abilities and experience, 24 these up with examples, and refer the reader to your 25 for more information.

Your CV should be 26 to read, with clear sections and 27 , bullet or numbered points, and plenty of space. Check some books or 28 for acceptable formats. List your most 29 experience or achievements first and work backwards in time, and don't send an identical CV every time —30 it to reflect the specific job opportunity.

A) entries B) contribute C) format D) related

E) back F) impression G) headings H) recent

I) easy J) résumé/CV K) update L) specifications

M) websites N) blur O) application

21. ______________________

正确答案:F

22. ______________________

正确答案:C

23. ______________________

正确答案:B

24. ______________________

正确答案:E

25. ______________________

正确答案:J

26. ______________________

正确答案:I

27. ______________________

正确答案:G

28. ______________________

正确答案:M

29. ______________________

正确答案:H

30. ______________________

正确答案:K

Section B

Directions: There are several passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

Job sharing refers to the situation in which two people divide the responsibility of one full-time job. The two people willingly act as part-time workers, enough hours between them to fulfill the duties of a full-time worker. If they each work half the job, for example, they each receive 50 percent of the job’s wages, its holidays and its other benefits. Of course, some job sharers take a smaller or larger share of the responsibilities of the position, receiving a lesser or greater share of the benefits.

Job sharing differs from conventional part-time work in that it occurs mainly in the more highly skilled and professional areas, which require higher levels of responsibility and employee commitment. Job sharing should not be confused with the term work sharing, which refers to increasing the number of jobs by reducing the number of hours of each existing job, thus offering more positions to the growing number of unemployed people. Job sharing, by contrast, is not designed to address unemployment problems; its focus, rather, is to provide well-paid work for skilled workers and professionals who want more free time for other activities.

As would be expected, women constitute the bulk of job sharers. A survey carded out in 1988 by Britain’s Equal Opportunities Commission revealed that 78 per cent of sharers were female, the majority of whom were between 20 and 40 years of age. Subsequent studies have come up with similar results. Many of these women were re-entering the job market after having had children, but they chose not to seek part-time work because it would have meant lower status.

Job sharing also offered an acceptable shift back into full-time work after a long absence. The necessity of close cooperation when sharing a job with another person makes the actual work quite different from conventional one-position jobs. However, to ensure a greater chance that the partnership will succeed, each person needs to know the strengths, weaknesses and preferences of his or her partner before applying for a position. Moreover, there must be a

fair division of both routine tasks and interesting ones. In sum, for a position to be job-shared well, the two individuals must be well matched and must treat each other as equals.

31.

“Employee commitment” in Paragraph 2 refers to the employee’s ________.

A) loyalty

B) qualification

C) devotion

D) technique

正确答案:A

32.

Work sharing is different from job sharing in that __________.

A) it requires more working hours

B) it doesn’t matter with the unemployment problems

C) it creates more job opportunities for the unemployed

D) it offers a more satisfactory salary

正确答案:C

33.

Job sharing is popular with young mothers mainly because _________.

A) they can take care of both work and family

B) they are over ideal working ages

C) they seek equal opportunities with men

D) they have difficulty finding full-time jobs

正确答案:A

34.

In job sharing the partners should __________.

A) be social equals

B) know each other very well

C) be intimate friends

D) have similar working experience

正确答案:B

35.

The main purpose of the passage is to ___________.

A) distinguish between job sharing and work sharing

B) describe job sharing in general

C) criticize job sharing as inefficient

D) discuss a way to tackle unemployment

正确答案:B

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

Taking charge of yourself involves putting to rest some very prevalent myths. At the top of the list is the notion that intelligence is measured by your ability to solve complex problems; to read, write and compute at certain levels; and to resolve abstract equations quickly. This vision of intelligence asserts formal education and bookish excellence as the true measures of self fulfillment. It encourages a kind of intellectual prejudice that has brought with it some discouraging results. We have come to believe that someone who has more educational merit badges, who is very good at some form of school discipline is “intelligent.” Yet mental hospitals are filled with patients who have all of the properly lettered certificates. A truer indicator of intelligence is an effective, happy life lived each day and each present moment of every day.

If you are happy, if you live each moment for everything it’s worth, then you are an intelligent person. Problem solving is a useful help to your happiness, but if you know that given your inability to resolve a particular concern you can still choose happiness for yourself, or at a minimum refuse to choose unhappiness, then you are intelligent. You are intelligent because you have the ultimate weapon against the big N.B.D. — Nervous Break Down.

Intelligent people do not have N.B.D.s because they are in charge of themselves. They know how to choose happiness over depression, because they know how to deal with the problems of their lives.

You can begin to think of yourself as truly intelligent on the basis of how you choose to feel in the face of trying circumstances. The life struggles are pretty much the same for each of us. Everyone who is involved with other human beings in any social context has similar difficulties. Disagreements, conflicts and compromises are a part of what it means to be human. Similarly, money, growing old, sickness, deaths, natural disasters and accidents are all events which present problems to virtually all human beings. But some people are able to make it, to avoid immobilizing depression and unhappiness despite such occurrences, while others collapse or have an N.B.D. Those who recognize problems as a human condition and don’t measure happiness by an absence of problems are the most intelligent kind of humans we know; also, the most rare.

36.

According to the author, the conventional notion of intelligence measured in terms of one’s ability to read, write and compute ________.

A) is a widely accepted but wrong concept

B) will help erase intellectual prejudice

C) derives from all mental distress

D) will contribute to one’s self accomplishment

正确答案:A

37.

We can infer from the passage that holding a university degree ________.

A) may result in one’s inability to solve complex real life problems

B) does not indicate one’s ability to write properly worded documents

C) may make one mentally sick and physically weak

D) does not mean that one is highly intelligent

正确答案:D

38.

The author thinks that an intelligent person knows ________.

A) how to put up with some prevalent myths

B) how to find the best way to achieve success

C) how to obtain happiness and reject unhappiness

D) how to persuade others to compromise

正确答案:C

39.

In the last paragraph, the author tells us that ________.

A) difficulties are but a part of everyone’s life

B) difficulties in life are the root causes of depression and unhappiness

C) everybody should learn to avoid trying circumstances

D) good feelings can contribute to eventual academic excellence

正确答案:A

40.

According to the passage, what kind of people are scarce?

A) Those who don’t emphasize bookish excellence in their pursuit of happiness.

B) Those who are aware of difficulties in life but know how to avoid unhappiness.

C) Those who measure happiness by an absence of problems but seldom suffer from N.B.Ds.

D) Those who are able to secure happiness though having to struggle against trying circumstances.

正确答案:B

Part III Vocabulary and Structure ( 10 minutes )

Directions: There are a number of incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.

41.

I got a/an ________ with the company.

A) interviewing

B) interviewer

C) interview

D) interviewee

正确答案:C

42.

He was healthy ________ and mentally.

A) physically

B) bodily

C) spiritually

D) physical

正确答案:A

43.

When his ______ employers learned that he smoked, they said they wouldn’t hire him.

A) respective

B) retrospective

C) prospective

D) executive

正确答案:C

44.

Learning to do routine car maintenance oneself is often easier ________ competent people to do it.

A) than finding

B) as finding

D) than to find

正确答案:A

45.

Her diamond necklace ________ in the light.

A) flashes

B) sparkled

C) beamed

D) sparked

正确答案:B

46.

My friend _________ the bad news before I could stop him.

A) blew out

B) blurted to

C) blurted out

D) blew to

正确答案:C

47.

Teachers and students should __________ roles with each other occasionally to help students overcome the passive status in classroom activities.

A) move

B) vary

C) switch

D) play

正确答案:C

48.

The police ______ the man they thought was the murderer.

A) pried

B) shot at

C) ground

D) grilled

正确答案:D

49.

You can ______ the application with a phone call.

B) follow through

C) follow up

D) follow on

正确答案:C

50.

He ______ in vain to make his wife happy.

A) endeavored

B) made endeavor

C) tried the endeavor

D) all of the above

正确答案:A

51.

He was quite ______ his money when he was rich and young.

A) generous of

B) general with

C) generous with

D) genial with

正确答案:C

52.

Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely ______ to the outside world.

A) being lost

B) having lost

C) losing

D) lost

正确答案:D

53.

I will not _____ the game of tennis unless John is invited.

A) take home to myself

B) behave myself in

C) enjoy myself in

D) engage myself in

正确答案:D

54.

How long will they be able to _____ without further supplies reaching them?

A) hold out

B) hold on

C) hold up

D) hold down

正确答案:A

55.

The air forces of the United States were _____ in winning the war in Iraq.

A) decisive

B) determined

C) decided

D) favourable

正确答案:A

56.

Gradually the balloon _____ out and rose into the air.

A) burst

B) stretched

C) enlarged

D) expanded

正确答案:D

57.

Eat carefully or a fishbone will _____ in your throat.

A) block

B) exist

C) hold

D) stick

正确答案:D

58.

The soldiers are requested to remain _____ for instant call.

A) balanced

B) poised

C) well

D) alert

正确答案:D

59.

The workers have called off their strike in ______ of a pay offer.

A) participation

B) aspiration

C) anticipation

D) preparation

正确答案:C

60.

New computing technology dealt a ________blow to the power of the old printing unions.

A) moral

B) abnormal

C) immoral

D) mortal

正确答案:D

Part IV Translation ( 10 minutes )

Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

61. His computer technology is good, but he needs to ____________________ (加强与人沟通的技能) to set him apart from his competitors in the job market.

正确答案:work on his communication skills

62. Regular exercise can ____________________ (大大改善你的健康状况).

正确答案:make a big difference to your state of health

63. The weatherman said that ____________________ (今晚气温会降到零下8度).

正确答案:temperatures could fall to minus eight tonight

64. Englishmen themselves, ____________________ (更别说那些还是初学者的中国学生), are often uncertain what is slang and what isn't.

正确答案:let alone those Chinese students who are new comers

65. She persisted in carrying out the project, ____________________ (全然不顾我的反对意见).

正确答案:sweeping aside my objections

全新版第二版综合B4U3-B

Part I Listening Comprehension ( 15 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear ten statements. Numbers 1 to 6 are based on Text A while the rest are based on Text B. Each statement will be read ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and decide whether each statement is true or false.

1.

A) T

B) F

Script: How to prepare for an interview should become a compulsory course for today’s graduates.

正确答案:A

2.

A) T

B) F

Script: To be competitive, you must learn to overcome your weak points and promote your strong points.

正确答案:A

3.

A) T

B) F

Script: In the New York Marathon, the author and his daughter were encouraged to reach the deadline by a handicapped veteran.

正确答案:A

4.

A) T

B) F

Script: The taxi driver was so courteous and generous that he offered his customer a free

call.

正确答案:B

5.

A) T

B) F

Script: To make a difference can always help people to obtain some favorable opportunities.

正确答案:A

6.

A) T

B) F

Script: The author’s mentor, Curt Carlson is always very generous and has passion for being first.

正确答案:A

7.

A) T

B) F

Script: According to Text B, the author applied for a typist in a hospital for the only reason of making money.

正确答案:B

8.

A) T

B) F

Script: The author’s family thought that no one would marry her because of her ordinary looking, and therefore she had to work and live on her own.

正确答案:A

9.

A) T

B) F

Script: The author was so worried and frightened that she couldn’t finish the typing test.

正确答案:B

10.

A) T

B) F

Script: She was lucky to get the opportunity of being interviewed because of her good English in the application letter.

正确答案:A

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Work can be (11)_________________ to your health. Each year, more than two million people die from work-related accidents or diseases. Labor-related deaths (12)_________________ four percent of all deaths around the world.

And here are some other (13)_________________ in a recent report from the International Labor Organization, a United Nations agency: About two hundred seventy million workplace accidents happen each year. In addition, there are about one hundred sixty million cases of work-related (14)_________________ . The most common include cancers, muscle and bone diseases, lung diseases, hearing loss and blood-flow (15)_________________ .

Dangerous (16)_________________ are blamed for more than four hundred thousand deaths each year. Asbestos alone is (17)_________________ for an estimated one hundred thousand deaths. Asbestos is a material that can lead to lung cancer and other diseases.

Diseases cause most of the deaths among workers. But deadly accidents at work also appear to be increasing in (18)_________________ as their economies expand quickly. This is true especially in Latin America and Asia.

About seventeen percent of all deadly workplace accidents happen in the building industry. Each year at least sixty thousand people die in such accidents. Many workers come from (19)_________________ . They have little experience with heavy machinery and little training in safety.

The farming industry employs half of all workers in the world. In most developing countries, farming is the biggest employer. The risks from agricultural work include the use of pesticides. These chemicals cause an estimated seventy thousand (20)_________________ each year. In addition, the most recent estimates show that at least seven million people get very sick but survive.

Script: Work can be harmful to your health. Each year, more than two million people die from work-related accidents or diseases. Labor-related deaths represent four percent of all deaths around the world.

And here are some other estimates in a recent report from the International Labor Organization, a United Nations agency: About two hundred seventy million workplace accidents

happen each year. In addition, there are about one hundred sixty million cases of work-related sickness. The most common include cancers, muscle and bone diseases, lung diseases, hearing loss and blood-flow disorders.

Dangerous substances are blamed for more than four hundred thousand deaths each year. Asbestos alone is responsible for an estimated one hundred thousand deaths. Asbestos is a material that can lead to lung cancer and other diseases.

Diseases cause most of the deaths among workers. But deadly accidents at work also appear to be increasing in some developing countries as their economies expand quickly. This is true especially in Latin America and Asia.

About seventeen percent of all deadly workplace accidents happen in the building industry. Each year at least sixty thousand people die in such accidents. Many workers come from poor areas. They have little experience with heavy machinery and little training in safety.

The farming industry employs half of all workers in the world. In most developing countries, farming is the biggest employer. The risks from agricultural work include the use of pesticides. These chemicals cause an estimated seventy thousand poisoning deaths each year. In addition, the most recent estimates show that at least seven million people get very sick but survive.

正确答案:harmful

正确答案:represent

正确答案:estimates

正确答案:sicknesses

正确答案:disorders

正确答案:substances

正确答案:responsible

正确答案:some developing countries

正确答案:poor areas

正确答案:poisoning deaths

Part II Reading Comprehension ( 25 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with several blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Prepare to win. “If you miss one day of practice, you notice the difference,” the saying goes among musicians. “If you miss two days of practice, the 21 notice the difference. If you miss three days of practice, the 22 notices the dif ference.”

When we watch a world-class musician or a 23 athlete, we don’t see the years of preparation that 24 him or her to become great. The Michael Jordans of the world have 25 , yes, but they’re also the first ones on and the last ones off the basketball court. The same preparation applies in every form of human 26 . If you want the job, you have to prepare to win it.

When I graduated from college, the 27 were good that I would have the same job for the re st of my life. And that’s how it 28 . But getting hired is no longer a once-in-a-lifetime experience. 29 experts believe that today’s graduates could face as many as ten job changes during their 30 .

A) worked out B) talent C) chances D) effort

E) high F) careers G) Development H) endeavor

I) critics J) audience K) odds L) top

M) enabled N) Employment O) figured out

21. ______________________

正确答案:I

22. ______________________

正确答案:J

23. ______________________

正确答案:L

24. ______________________

正确答案:M

25. ______________________

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新理念网络学习大厅综合测试第四册 Unit 3下载

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