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最新人教版八上英语知识点期末复习材料

八年级上英语期末复习

要求:每天复习两个单元,每天复习3至5遍!好的英语成绩从现在开始。

第一单元Where did you go on vacation?

重点短语:

go on vacation去度假stay at home待在家里go to the mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩visit museums 参观博物馆go out出去

go to summer camp去参观夏令营quite a few相当多study for为……而学习most of the time大部分时间taste good尝起来很好吃have a good time玩得高兴of course当然feel like给……的感觉;感受到go shopping去购物in the past在过去walk around四处走走because of因为go on继续

one bowl of…一碗……the next day第二天drink tea喝茶find out找出;查明take photos照相something important重要的事up and down上上下下

重点句型:

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

taste + adj. 尝起来……look+adj. 看起来……

nothing…but+动词原形除了……之外什么都没有

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

arrive in+大地点/ arrive at+小地点到达某地

decide to do sth.决定去做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事/ try to do sth.尽力去做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事want to do sth.想去做某Why not do. sth.?为什么不

start doing sth.开始做某事stop doing sth. 停止做某事dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事keep doing sth.继续做某事so+adj.+that+从句如此……以至于……

tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

第二单元How often do you exercise?

重点短语:

help with housework帮助做家务on weekends在周末how often多久一次

hardly ever几乎从不once a week每周一次twice a month每月两次

every day每天be free有空go to the movies去看电影use the Internet用互联网swing dance摇摆舞play tennis打网球stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚at least至少have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early早点睡觉play sports进行体育活动be good for对……有好处go camping去野营not…at all一点儿也不……

in one’s free time在某人的业余时间the most popular最受欢迎的

such as比如;诸如old habits die hard积习难改go to the dentist去看牙医

morn than多于;超过less than少于

重点句型:

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事How about…? .....怎么样?/ ……好不好?

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?……有多少……?

主语+find+that从句. ……发现……spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么?

the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

第三单元I’m more outgoing t han my sister.

重点短语:

more outgoing更外向as…as…与……一样…… the singing competition唱歌比赛be similar to与……相像的/类似的the same as和……相同;与……一致

be different from与……不同get better grades取得更好的成绩

care about关心;介意be like a mirror像一面镜子the most important最重要的

as long as只要;既然bring out使显现;使表现出reach for伸手取in fact事实上;实际上make friends交朋友the other其他的

重点句型:

touch one’s heart感动某人be talented in music有音乐天赋

be good at擅长…… be good with善于与……相处want to do sth.想要做某事

have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣be good at doing sth擅长做某事

make sb. do sth.让某人做某事as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

核心语法:

形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级规则变化:

构成方法原级比较级最高级

单音

节词

和部

分双

音节

一般在词尾加-er或

-est

high

short

higher

shorter

highest

shortest

以字母e词尾的词,加

-r或-st

late

fine

later

finest

latest

finest

重读闭音节词词尾只

有一个辅音字母时,先

双写辅音字母,再加-er

或-est

hot

big

thin

fat

hotter

bigger

thinner

fatter

hottest

biggest

thinnest

fattest

以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”

改为“i”,再加

-er或-est funny

easy

early

funnier

easier

earlier

funniest

easiest

earliest

多音节

词和部分双音节词在词前加more或most

beautiful

athletic

outgoing

more beautiful

more athletic

more outgoing

most beautiful

most athletic

most outgoing

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:

原级比较级最高级

good/well better best

bad/badly worse worst

many/much more most

little less least

far farther(更远)

further(更深远)

farthest(最远) furthest(最深远)

as…(原级)as与……一样…… not as/so…as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom.

Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than

第四单元What’s the best movie theater?

重点短语:

movie theater电影院close to…离……近clothes store服装店in town在镇上

so far到目前为止10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程talent show才艺表演

in common共同;共有around the world世界各地;全世界

M ore and more……越来越……and so on等等all kinds of……各种各样的be up to是……的职责;由……决定not everybody并不是每个人

make up编造(故事、谎言等)play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

for example例如take…seriously认真对待

give sb. sth.给某人某物come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

重点句型:

Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?

How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样? much+ adj./adv.的比较级……得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

one of+可数名词的复数……之一

第五单元Do you want to watch a game show?

重点短语:think of认为learn from从……获得;向……学习find out查明;弄清楚talk show 谈话节目game show游戏节目soap opera肥皂剧go on发生

watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对

try one’s best尽某人最大努力as famous as与……一样有名

have a discussion about就……讨论one day有一天such as例如

dress up打扮;梳理take sb.’s place代替;替换look like看起来像

do a good job干得好something enjoyable令人愉快的东西

interesting information有趣的资料one of……之一

around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征

重点句型:

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事

hope to do sth.希望做某事happen to do sth.碰巧做某事

expect to do sth.盼望做某事How about doing…?做……怎么样?

be ready to do sth.乐于做某事try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

第六单元I’m going to study computer science.

重点短语:

grow up成长;长大every day每天be sure about对……有把握

make sure确信;务必send…to…把……送到……be able to能干某事

the meaning of……的意思different kinds of不同种类的

write down写下;记下have to do with关于;与……有关系

take up开始做;学着做hardly ever几乎不;很少

too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能

重点句型:

be going to+动词原形打算做某事practice doing练习做某事

keep on doing sth.不断地做某事learn to do sth.学会做某事

finish doing sth.做完某事promise to do sth.许诺去做某事

help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事remember to do sth.记住做某事

agree to do sth.同意做某事love to do sth.喜爱做某事want to do sth.想要做某事

第七单元Will people have robots?

重点短语:

on computer在电脑上on paper在纸上live to do 200 years old活动200岁free time空闲时间in danger处于危险之中on the earth在地球上play a part in sth.参与某事space station太空站look for寻找

computer programmer电脑编程员in the future在未来hundreds of许多;成百上千

the same…as…与……一样over and over again多次;反复地get bored感到厌烦

wake up醒来fall down倒塌will+动词原形将要做……

fewer/more+可数名词复数更少/更多……less/more+不可数名词更少/更多……

have to do sth.不得不做某事agree with sb.同意某人的意见

such+名词(词组)如此……

重点句型:

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他将会有……

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事try to do sth. 尽力做某事

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

第八单元How do you make a banana milk shake?

重点短语:

milk shake奶昔turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开pour…into…把……倒入…

a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 a good idea好主意on Saturday在星期六

cut up切碎put…into…把……放入……one more thing还有一件事 a piece of一片/张/段/首……at this time在这时 a few一些;几个fill…with…用……把……装满cover…with…用……覆盖……

one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 a long time很长时间

重点句型:

how many+可数名词复数多少……how much+不可数名词多少……

It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

want + to do sth.想要做某事forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事

how + to do sth.如何做某事need+to do sth.需要做某事

make+宾语+形容词使……怎样let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

第九单元Can you come to my party?

重点短语:

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午prepare for为……做准备go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒help my parents帮助我的父母come to the party来参加聚会another time其他时间last fall去年秋天go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处the day after tomorrow后天

the day before yesterday前天have a piano lesson上钢琴课look after照看;照顾accept an invitaton接受邀请turn down an invitation拒绝邀请take a trip去旅行at the end of this month这个月末look forward to盼望;期待

the opening of………的开幕式/落成典礼reply in writing书面回复

go to the concert去听音乐会not…until直到……才meet my friend会见我的朋友visit grandparents拜访祖父母study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不too much homework太多作业do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影after school放学后on the weekend在周末

重点句型:

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤see sb. do sth./ see sb.doing sth.看见某人做某事the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子?What’s the date today? What day is it today?

第十单元If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

重点短语:

stay at home待在家里take the bus乘公共汽车tomorrow night明天晚上

have a class party进行班级聚会half the class一半的同学make some food做些食物order food订购食物have a class meeting开班会at the party在聚会上potato chips 炸土豆片,炸薯条in the end最后make mistakes犯错误

go to the party去参加聚会have a great/good 玩得开心go to college上大学

give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱

travel around the world环游世界get an education得到教育work hard努力工作

a soccer player一名足球运动员keep…to oneself保守秘密in life 在生活中

talk with sb.与某人交be angry at/about sth.因某事生气be angry with sb.生某人的气

in the future在将来run away逃避;逃跑the first step第一步in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题school clean-up学校大扫除

重点句型:

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事need to do sth.需要做某事

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