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中考英语英语阅读理解精选附答案50

中考英语英语阅读理解精选附答案50

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

中考英语英语阅读理解精选附答案50

Chinese Farmers' Harvest (收获,收割) Festival is the first festival in China for farmers. The festival starting from 2018, falls on the Autumnal Equinox (秋分) each year. The Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th, during the country's harvest season.

As we all know, China has the largest population all over the world. It was difficult to feed the largest population in the past. After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our government is paying more attention to agriculture and farmers' life. It will greatly encourage farmers to farm and develop further modem agriculture. China has a long history of agriculture. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival, the cultural symbol, helps to show China's long farming culture to the world. It also connects the excellent traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization (文明) and improves the cultural self-confidence and national pride.

Since the festival is especially created for farmers, they are encouraged to think of their own ways to celebrate harvest. Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.

Some people think the festival is the happiest time of a year, even better than the Spring Festival, because food gives people a sense of safety and hope. For other people, the harvest festival is a time to look back at the past and look forward to the future.

(1)We probably celebrate the Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival on ______________. A. September 20th B. September 23rd C. September 25th D. October 1st (2)The main purposes that Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival was created don't include _______.

A. showing the long history of farming culture of China

B. improving Chinese cultural self-confidence and national pride

C. encouraging Chinese farmers to give up local customs

D. connecting the traditional Chinese culture to modem civilization

(3)We can learn from the third paragraph that ______________________.

A. the celebrations will be differently based on local customs

B. western countries also celebrate the Fanners' Harvest Festival

C. the Farmers' Harvest Festival is one of the Chinese traditional festivals

D. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is created for both farmers and workers

(4)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The Farmers' Harvest Festival falls on different days in different areas in China.

B. The Farmers' Harvest Festival is the best time to harvest crops(庄稼)in the world.

C. The Farmers' Harvest Festival has been celebrated twice in our country so far.

D. China's modem agriculture has greatly developed because of reform and opening.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:短文介绍了中国的首届中国农民丰收节。节日定语中国的二十四解气的秋分,这个节日是为农民创建的,鼓励他们用自己的方式庆祝收获。有农民认为这个节日是他们一年中最快乐的时候。

(1)细节理解题,根据he Autumnal Equinox is one of the 24 solar terms(节气) of the Chinese lunar calendar and usually falls between September 22nd and 24th,可知,秋分在月22日-24日的某一天,所以庆祝丰收节应该在这个事件范围内。故答案是B。

(2)细节理解题,根据Some activities are held across the country, but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs. Also, local government usually hosts all kinds of activities for the festival, such as folk culture performances, food tasting and so on.可知C的陈述绝对错误,故答案是C。

(3)细节理解题,根据but most of the celebrations will take place at a local level that comes from local customs.可知,庆祝活动应基于当地的风土人情,故答案是A。

(4)正误判断题,根据After reform and opening (改革开放), with the development of modern agriculture (农业), people's life is getting better and better, and their living conditions have improved a lot. Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival shows that our可知,因为改革开放,中国的现代农业取得了很大的成就,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本文涉及到了细节理解题和正误判断题,细节理解题一般可知直接在文中找到答案,正误判断题也是细节理解题的一种,也是基于短文内容进行判断的。

2.阅读理解

Old age may not sound exciting. But recent findings offer good news for older people and for people worried about getting older. Researchers found that people become happier and experience less worry after they reach the age of 50.In fact, they say by the age of 85, people are happier with their life than they were when they were 18 years old.

The findings came from a survey of more than 340, 000 adults in the United States. The Gallup Organization questioned them by telephone. At that time, the people were between the ages of 18 and 85.The researchers asked questions about emotions, like happiness, sadness and worry. They also asked about mental(气质) or emotional stress.

Arthur Stone in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Stony Brook University in New York led the study. His team found that levels of stress were highest among adults between the ages of 24 and 25.The findings showed that stress levels dropped sharply after people reached their fifties.

The study also showed that men and women have similar feeling patterns as they grow older. However, women at all ages reported more sadness, stress and worry than men.

Researchers say they do not know why happiness increases as people get older. One theory is that, as people grow older, they grow more thankful for what they have and have better control of their feelings. So they spend less time thinking about bad experiences.

Professor Stone says the emotional patterns could be connected with changes in how people see the world, or maybe even changes in brain chemistry.

The researchers also considered possible influences like having young children, being unemployed(被解雇) or being single. But they found that influences like these did not affect (影响) the levels of happiness.

(1)Who would probably show the greatest interest in the passage?

A. Those who are worried about getting old.

B. Those who are single and unemployed.

C. Those who feel unhappy all the time.

D. Those who suffer from mental stress.

(2)When may people have the highest level of stress?

A. At the age of 20.

B. At the age of 25.

C. At the age of 35.

D. At the age of 40.(3)According to Arthur Stone's idea, old people may .

A. control their behaviors better

B. know how to spend money wisely

C. dream about good things every day

D. have a positive attitude towards their life

(4)What would be the best title for this passage?

A. The Younger, the Happier

B. The Young Are Happier than the Old

C. Getting Older Means Getting Happier

D. Women Are Easier to Be Happy in Life

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:重点介绍的是老年人的幸福感问题,作者通过一个调查研究告诉我们随着年龄的增长,人们的幸福感会越来越强。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句 But recent findings offer good news for older people and for people worried about getting older. 理解可知,对于老年人来说,或是担心年龄增长的人来说是个好消息,所以他们会感兴趣,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据文中第三段His team found that levels of stress were highest among

adults between the ages of 24 and 25.描述可知,24与25的年轻人的压力最大,故选B。(3)细节理解题。根据文中语句as people grow older, they grow more thankful for what they have and have better control of their feelings. So they spend less time thinking about bad experiences.可知,随着年龄的增长,人们的幸福感越来越强,对生活的态度越来越积极。故选D。

(4)标题理解归纳题。通读全文可知,这篇短文的中心就是越老生活越满足,幸福指数越高,变老意味着变得更幸福。故选C。

【点评】本文浅显易懂,层次分明,很容易把握文章中心内容。答题中注意带着问题阅读短文,一般就能顺利找出答题依据。对于不能直接找到根据的问题注意联系上下文,根据短文中心总结出正确答案。

3.阅读下列短文,从下面每题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。

During the summer holidays, two classmates, Tom and Peter, were travelling in the desert. As they were walking, they had an argument. Tom was so angry that he beat Peter hard across-the face.

Peter felt hurt, but without saying anything, he wrote down in the sand these words, “Today my best friend Tom beat me in the face.”

It was very hot, but they kept on walking and walking until they found a river, where they decided to take a bath. Suddenly Peter got stuck in the mire (泥潭) and started getting down. Seeing that, Tom rushed over and saved him. After Peter got recovered from the danger, he wrote with a knife on a stone, “Today my best friend Tom saved my life.”

Feeling surprised, Tom, who had slapped (掌掴) and saved his best friend, asked Peter, “After I beat you, you wrote something in the sand but just now you put down what I had done on a stone. Why?”

Peter replied, "When someone hurts us, we should take it down in the sand where winds of forgiveness can blow it away. But when someone does some-thing good for us, we must carve (雕刻) it on a stone where no wind can ever do that.”

Hearing that, Tom was deeply moved. He understood what Peter had said and done.

(1)What happened when Tom and Peter were travelling in the desert?

A. Peter hit Tom in the face.

B. They had an argument.

C. They didn't believe each other.

D. Peter got lost while walking.

(2)Where did Peter write the thank-you words after he was saved?

A. In the sand.

B. In the mire.

C. On his face.

D. On a stone.

(3)What can we learn from the story?

A. We can learn how to write down something.

B. We can learn how to fight back when being hurt.

C. We can learn how to thank or forgive others.

D. We can learn how to move somebody deeply.

(4)What is the best title of the passage?

A. Sand and stone

B. A dangerous travel

C. Someone hurts us

D. Someone is friendly to us

【答案】(1)B

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】短文大意:Tom与Peter是同学,两人在沙漠中旅行时发生了争吵,Tom 生气地打了Peter,Peter很受伤的在沙子上写了:Tom打了我的脸。后面他们遇见了一条河,Peter在河里洗澡时被泥潭陷住了,Tom救了他,这是Peter在石头上写了:Tom救了我。Tom很好奇的问为什么要在沙子上和石头上写这些话?Peter说:当有人伤害你时,要让原谅之风吹走它,但有人帮了你,就要永远怀着感恩之心。

(1)细节理解题。从During the summer holidays, two classmates, Tom and Peter, were travelling in the desert. As they were walking, they had an argument.可知他们有了争吵,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。从After Peter got recovered from the danger, he wrote with a knife on a stone, “Today my best friend Tom saved my life.”可知选D。

(3)主旨概括题。从"When someone hurts us, we should take it down in the sand where winds of forgiveness can blow it away. But when someone does some-thing good for us, we must carve (雕刻) it on a stone where no wind can ever do that.”可知从故事中我们学到的是感谢与原谅,故选C。

(4)主旨概括题。A.石头与沙子; B.一次危险的旅行; C.有人伤害了我们; D.有人对我们好。通读全文后可知选A最合适。

【点评】考查对篇章的把握对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

4.阅读理解

When it comes to helping developing countries, we often think about offering money in order that they can build schools and hospitals, buy food and medicine, or find clean water supplies. These seem to be the most important basic needs in their lives. However, it's far from enough. We have to come up with better ideas.

A man called Nicholas Negroponte invented a cheap laptop computer, which he decided to invent after he visited a school in Cambodia. The laptop which Mr. Negroponte has designed is not the same as the normal one that you can buy in the shops. One difference is that it will be covered in rubber so that it is strong and won't be damaged easily. As an electricity supply can be a problem in developing countries, the computer also has a special handle in order that children

can wind the computer up to give it extra power when needed.

This special laptop computer will cost less than 100 US dollars and Mr. Negroponte wants to produce as many as 15 million laptop computers in the first year. The idea is that these computers will help the children's education as they will be able to access the Internet. These computers might not benefit the people in developing countries immediately, but by improving children's education they should help people to find their own solutions to their problems in the long term.

Another idea to help children in developing countries is to recycle old mobile phones so that they can be used again. In the UK. And probably in many other countries too, millions of mobile phones are thrown away every year. The waste crested by throwing away thee old phones is very bed for the environment, so it seems to be an excellent idea to achieve two important goals at the same time. We will reduce the waste we produce and help others. In other words, we will be able to" kill two birds with one "and that is always a good thing.

(1)The underlined phrase "wind up" in paragraph 2 means .

A. 吹风

B. 给……上发条

C. 摇上

D. 利用空气……使……(2)The laptop computer that Mr. Negroponte has designed .

A. will be damaged much easier than the normal one

B. has a special handle to access the Internet

C. is cheap and can run with extra power

D. can be helpful to find the people's own solutions

(3)According to the passage,what benefit can we get from recycling old mobile phones?

A. We can reduce the waste to protect the environment.

B. We can help children in developing countries reuse the old mobile phones.

C. it is good for the environment and very educative for phone users.

D. It not only reduces the waste produced by developed countries but also helps the children in developing countries.

(4)Mr. Negroponte's cheap computer is mentioned in the passage to .

A. illustrate the kindness of people in the developed countries

B. tell us what high technology can help people

C. show how to find business opportunities in developing countries

D. give an example of how to help developing countries

(5)Which is the best idea the author gives us to help the developing countries?

A. We need to help people in developing countries to help themselves,not just throw money at the problem.

B. We should spend much money helping people in developing countries build more schools and hospitals.

C. We should think about giving help to developing countries more often.

D. We should help the people in developing countries by improving children's education immediately.

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)D

(4)D

(5)A

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Nicholas Negroponte发明了一种便宜的手提电脑和循环使用手机来帮助发展中国家。

(1)细节题。根据give it extra power when needed.当需要的时候给它额外的能量,是通过特殊的把柄来产生能量,即通过上发条,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据A man called Nicholas Negroponte invented a cheap laptop computer和give it extra power when needed.可知手提电脑是便宜的,并且有额外的能量,故选C。(3)细节题。根据We will reduce the waste we produce and help others.可知不仅降低了废弃物污染,而且帮助了发展中国家,故选D。

(4)细节题。根据第一段We have to come up with better ideas.可知是帮助发展中国家更好的主意的例子,故选D。

(5)细节题。根据第一段可知帮助发展中国家时不仅仅是提供给他们金钱,而且要通过更好的方法来让他们自己帮助自己,故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

5.阅读理解

I walked into a stranger as he passed by me.

"Excuse me." I said.

He replied with a smile and said, "Please excuse me, too. I didn't notice you."

We apologized(道歉) and went for our own ways.

Later that day, when I was cooking, my daughter was standing too near. When I turned to reach for some milk, I nearly knocked her over. "Move out of the way!" I shouted.

She walked away sadly. But I didn't feel like I had to apologize to her.

While I was in bed that evening, my husband said to me. "While dealing with a stranger, you were polite. But with a daughter you love, you were unkind. Your daughter brought you some flowers that she picked herself this afternoon. You will find them in the kitchen by the door. Have you seen the tears in her eyes?"

I quietly went and sat down by my daughter's bed.

"Honey, I am so sorry." I said. "Are these the flowers you picked for me?"

She said, "I found them by the tree. I picked them because they're pretty like you. I knew you'd like them, especially the blue ones."

I tearfully replied, "Sweetie, I'm really sorry for the way I acted today. I shouldn't have shouted at you."

"It's OK. I love you anyway." She said as she kissed me on my cheek.

If we can be polite to strangers, why can't we do the same for the ones we love?

(1)The writer was to the stranger who she walked into.

A. mad

B. honest

C. unkind

D. polite

(2)Where were they when the writer shouted at her daughter?

A. In the kitchen.

B. By the tree.

C. In the bedroom.

D. In the garden.(3)What did the writer's husband think when he saw her action?

A. The little girl shouldn't cry.

B. She shouldn't shout at their daughter.

C. She shouldn't say sorry to the stranger.

D. Both he and his wife should apologize to their daughter.

(4)What may be the writer's favorite color according to the passage?

A. Yellow.

B. Pink.

C. Blue.

D. Red.

(5)What do you think is the best title for the passage?

A. Be friendly to strangers.

B. Mothers like flowers.

C. Be kind to loved ones.

D. Love between parents and children.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

(4)C

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:作者走在路上撞到陌生人,相互表示歉意,而在家里因为女儿站地离自己很近,结果取牛奶的时候几乎绊倒女儿却生气对女儿大叫,导致女儿难过流泪,后来因为老公的点醒,让作者意思到对待爱自己的人要好的道理。

(1)细节题。根据"Excuse me." I said.可知,作者对待陌生人很有礼貌,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据when I was cooking, Move out of the way!" I shouted.可知,作者是在厨房对女儿大喊大叫,故选A。

(3)推断题。根据While dealing with a stranger, you were polite. But with a daughter you love, you were unkind.可知,作者的丈夫认为她不应该对女儿大叫,故选B。

(4)推断题。根据I knew you'd like them, especially the blue ones."可知,作者可能最喜欢蓝色,故选C。

(5)主旨题。作者走在路上撞到陌生人,相互表示歉意,而在家里因为女儿站地离自己很近,结果取牛奶的时候几乎绊倒女儿却生气对女儿大叫,导致女儿难过流泪,后来因为老公的点醒,让作者意思到对待爱自己的人要好的道理,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。细节题、推断题和主旨题是阅读理解题中常考题型。细节题需要从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

I am Turere. I come from Kitengela, a farming community on the edge(边缘) of Nairobi National Park of Kenya(肯尼亚). Since the age of nine. I have helped to look after my family's cows. As a child, in my free time. I enjoyed playing with electronics. I made my own inventions, such as electronic toys from car parts and other things. I also built other electronic devices(仪器)

for my neighbors.

At the age of 13, I invented something that changed my life. It also changed the lives of many people in my community. One night, a lion from the park came into my family's farm and killed one of our cows. I was angry. However, killing the lion, I thought, was not the best way to solve the problem. Instead, I decided to invent a solution

The first idea I got was to use fire, because I thought lions were scared of fire. But I came to realize that didn't really help, because it was even helping the lions to see through the cowshed (牛棚). So I didn't give up. I continued.

And a second idea I got was to use a scarecrow(稻草人). I was trying to trick the lions into thinking) that I was standing near the cowshed. But lions are very clever. They will come the first day and they see the scarecrow, and they go back. But the second day, they'll come and they say, this thing is not moving here, it is always here! So he jumps in and kills the animals.

So one night, I was walking around the cowshed with a torch(手电筒), and that day the lions didn't come. And I discovered that lions were afraid of a moving light. So I had an idea.

(1)What was Turere interested in when he was a child?

A. Tricking the neighbors.

B. Looking after cows.

C. Playing with electronics.

D. Making car parts

(2)What does the underlined word "it" in Paragraph 4 refer to?

A. The lion.

B. The scarcer.

C. The cow.

D. The cowshed

(3)What's the solution to driving the lion away?

A. Using a moving light

B. Using a torch

C. Using a scarecrow

(4)What can we get from the passage?

A. The lion killed all the cows.

B. Turere killed the lion at last.

C. The lion no longer lived in the park.

D. Turere's invention made peace with lions.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要叙述来自基腾格拉,一个位于肯尼亚内罗毕国家公园边缘的农业社区的男孩Turere。从九岁开始。帮忙照看我家的奶牛。作为一个孩子,在的空闲时间。喜欢玩电子产品。有自己的发明,比如汽车零件和其他东西做成的电子玩具。还为邻居制造了其他电子设备。13岁时,我发明了改变我生活的东西。它也改变了我社区许多人的生活。

(1)细节理解题。由 As a child, in my free time. I enjoyed playing with electronics.可知他对玩电子产品感兴趣。故选C。

(2)代词的指代题。由上句 But the second day, they'll come and they say, this thing is not moving here 。可知it是指this thing= a scarecrow ,稻草人不会动,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。由And I discovered that lions were afraid of a moving light. 可知赶走狮子的方法就是使用移动光,故选A。

(4)推理判断题。由 So one night, I was walking around the cowshed with a torch , and that

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