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2017云南昆明中考英语试题及解析

2017云南昆明中考英语试题

第二部分语法知识(共二节,满分25分)

第一节单项选择

从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出能填入空白处或替换划线部分的最佳答案。(共15分)(2017?云南昆明)21. —Hello, may I speak ____ Mike?

—This is Mike, speaking.

A. at

B. to

C. in

D. on

21.B【解析】考查介词的固定搭配。句意:—你好,我可以和Mike通电话吗?—我就是,请说。speak to和……讲话。故选B。

(2017?云南昆明)22. —Could you please clean your room?

—_____!

A. Me, too

B. What a pity

C. See you

D. No problem

22.D【解析】考查交际用语。Could you please do sth,请你(做)……好吗?此句型用于提出请求。通常肯定的回答有:Sure/Of course/Certainly/No problem。否定的回答:Sorry,I can?t。句意:—请你清理一下房间,好吗?—没问题。故选D.

(2017?云南昆明)23. —Excuse me, what's your name?

—_____name is Betty.

A. My

B. His

C. Her

D. Your

23.A【解析】考查形容词性代词的辨析。句意:—打扰一下,请问你叫什么名字?—我的名字是Betty。在英语中,如果问句中用了第二人称,那么答语中应当用第一人称回答。故选A。

(2017?云南昆明)24. —Did you do anything interesting last Sunday?

—Not really. I just ____ at home.

A. stay

B. stayed

C. will stay

D. am staying

24.B【解析】考查时态的辨析。句意:—你上个星期天做了什么有趣的事情吗?—没有什么有趣的,就是待在家里。根据时间状语last Sunday, 可知“我上周呆在家里”。故选B。(2017?云南昆明)25. Nowadays, it's convenient and cheap for us ____ a shared-bicycle.

A. ride

B. to ride

C. flying

D. to fly

25. B【解析】考查的是动词不定式的用法。句意:现在,骑共享自行车是一件方便而便宜的事情。动词不定式作主语。根据题意,故选B。

(2017?云南昆明)26. Many ____ are playing an active part in making Kunming a civilized city(文明城市)。

A. man

B. woman

C. volunteer

D. volunteers

26. D【解析】考查名词的单复数。句意:许多志愿者主动参与建设昆明,让其成为文明城市。Many意为许多,后面加可数名词复数,man,woman和volunteer均为单数,所以只有D项符合题意,故选D.

(2017?云南昆明)27. —Alan, _____?

—I'm sorry. I'm mot available.

A. did you like my housewarming party

B. when is your housewarming party

C. can you come to my party tomorrow

D. who will go to the party with you

27. C【解析】考查疑问句的用法。句意:—艾伦,你明天能来参加我的派对吗?—很抱歉,我没空。根据答语“I?m sorry. I?m not available ”可判断出,横线上是表示邀请的句子。故选C。

(2017?云南昆明)28. —Have you watched TV program named Chinese Poetry Competition?

—Yes. It's meaningful and _____.

A. I love it very much

B. I don't like it

C. she can't stand it

D. he doesn't mind it

28. A【解析】考查交际用语。句意:—你昨晚有看中国诗词大会这个节目吗?—看了,很有意义,我很喜欢。根据“It?s meaningful…”可知选项 A为正确答案。

(2017?云南昆明)29. —_______?

—Twice a week.

A. How old are you

B. How far is it from your home to school

C. How do you get to school

D. How often do you exercise

29. D【解析】考查特殊疑问句。句意:—你多久锻炼一次?—一周两次。根据答语中“twice

a week”回答,可知询问的是频率。故选D。

(2017?云南昆明)30. As we ____ on our new journey,we shouldn't forget where we came from.

A. take out

B. set out

C. cut out

D. blow out

30. B【解析】考查动词短语的辨析。句意:当我们开始新的旅程时,我们不应该忘记我们是从哪里来的。take out意为“取出,除去”;set out意为“动身;出发”;着手;安排”;cut out 意为“裁剪,剪下”;blow out意为“吹熄”。故选B。

(2017?云南昆明)31. All the students in our class are over fifteen except Nick. He is ____ in our school.

A. younger

B. older

C. the youngest

D. the oldest

31. C【解析】考查的是形容词的级。句意:除了Nick,我们班其余的学生都超过15岁了,他是我们班最年轻的。根据“All the students in our class are over fifteen except Nick”可推断出“他是我们班最年轻的”。故选C。

(2017?云南昆明)32. The Bell and Road initiative(一带一路)is ____ a good chance to let more and more foreign students study in our country.

A. unluckily

B. never

C. really

D. hardly

32.C【解析】考查副词词义辨析。句意:一带一路确实是向越来越多的外国学生提供了来我国学习的机会。really意为“确实,实际上;事实上”。故选C。

(2017?云南昆明)33. —Could you please tell me ____?

—The people and the food.

A. how does Tom like China

B. if Tom likes China

C. what does Tom like about China

D. what Tom likes about China

33. D【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:—你能告诉我Tom喜欢中国什么东西吗?—中国人和中国的食物。宾语从句中用陈述语序,可排除选项A和B;根据答语,可知问句中是特殊疑问句作宾语从句。故选D。

(2017?云南昆明)34. He was down in the mouth because he missed his plan.

A. unhappy

B. happy

C. glad

D. relaxed

34. A【解析】考查词组的词义。句意:他很_____,因为他错过了他的飞机。根据“他错过了飞机”,可推知,他不开心。故选A。

(2017?云南昆明)35. Tell me your story, please. I'll all ears.

A. I have many ears.

B. I like all kinds of ears.

C. I'm listening to you carefully

D. I don't want to listen to you.

35.C【解析】考查交际用语。句意:请告诉我你的故事,_____。根据“Tell me your story, please”可知“我正在很认真听你讲”。故选C。

(2017?云南昆明)第二节完形填空

从A、B、C三个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

A teacher decided to let her class play a game. She told each child in the class to bring along a bag with 36 tomatoes. Each tomato would 37 a name of a person that the child hated. So the number of tomatoes in his or her bag would depend on the number of people the child hated.

When the day came, every child brought some tomatoes with the names of the people he or she hated. Some had two tomatoes. 38 had three tomatoes. Some even had five tomatoes. The teacher then told the children to carry the tomatoes with them wherever they went for a week. Days passed, and the children started to complain(抱怨)39 the rotten(腐烂的)tomatoes let out terrible smell. Besides, those having five tomatoes also had to carry 40 bags. After one week, the children were very happy because the game 41 ended.

The teacher asked, "How did you feel?" The children started complaining of the trouble that they had to go through when carrying the heavy and smelly tomatoes.

Then the teacher told them the 42 behind the game.

The teacher said, "This is the same situation when you carry your hatred(憎恨)for somebody 43 your heart. The terrible smell of hatred will 44 your heart, and you will carry it with you wherever you go. If you cannot stand the smell of the rotten tomatoes for just 45 week, can you imagine what it is like to have the smell of hatred in your heart for your lifetime?"

36. A. much B. a little C. a few

37. A. call B. be given C. have written

38. A. Any B. Some C. Every

39. A. because B. but C. so

40. A. lower B. lighter C. heavier

41. A. often B. finally C. always

42. A. meaning B. time C. way

43. A. outside B. inside C. beside

44. A. clean B. wash C. pollute

45. A. one B. two C. five

题材:日常生活

[主旨大意] 本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述了一位老师通过一个游戏让他的学生们懂得了扔掉心中的仇恨你将会活的更快乐的故事。

36.C 【解析】考查形容词的用法辨析。句意:她告诉班里学生带一个有_____番茄的包。a few修饰可数名词的复数形式,"tomatoes"是可数名词的复数形式,故选C。

37.B 【解析】考查动词辨析。句意为:每一个西红柿都___孩子讨厌的人的名字。根据句意以及下文知应是每一个西红柿上被赋予孩子讨厌的人的名字。故应选B。

38.B 【解析】考查代词辨析。句意:____有三个番茄。根据前句和后句的意思及形式可知,这句话也应是一些人有三个西红柿。故应选B。

39.A 【解析】考查连词的辨析。句意为:一天天过去了,孩子们开始抱怨___西红柿开始发出难闻的味道。孩子们开始抱怨是因为西红柿开始发出难闻的味道。故应选A。

40.C 【解析】考查形容词的辨析。句意为:此外,那些有5个西红柿的孩子还必须拿着___包。有5个西红柿的孩子,他们的包应该更重一些。故应选C。

41.B 【解析】考查副词的辨析。句意为:一周后,这些孩子们都非常高兴,因为这个游戏___要结束了。孩子们都非常高兴的原因是因为这个游戏终于要结束了。故选B。

42.A 【解析】考查名词词意的辨析。句意为:然后这个老师告诉他们这个游戏背后的___。老师是通过这个游戏让他们明白一个道理。故应选A。

43.B 【解析】考查介词的辨析。句意为:这个游戏和当你把你对一个人的憎恨放在你的心___的情况是一样的。根据本句句意是放在心里面。故应选B。

44. C. 【解析】考查动词的辨析。句意为:这个难闻的气味将会___你的心。难闻的气味将会污染你的心。故应选C。

45. A.【解析】考查数词的辨析。句意为:如果你连仅仅___周都不能忍受这个烂西红柿的气味,你可以想象如果仇恨的气味在你的心中存在一生会怎么样。根据第二段第三句"The teacher then told … for a week."可知应该是一周。故应选A。

第三部分阅读理解(共20小题,满分35分)

A(2017?云南昆明)

Are you still doing the "V" for victory sign? It's out. The latest popular hand gesture(手势)is putting both hands together to make a heart shape. It's called a "hand heart".

Many young pop stars in the USA do this in their photos." The hand Heart gesture means something between 'I love you' and 'thank you'," said Taylor Swift, the country singer, "You can send a sweet and simple message without saying a word." Swift often does it at her concerts. And some people think she makes this gesture popular.

Justin Bieber and his superstar friends did the "hand heart" and put the photos online. They did it to help out three children, whose parents died from a car accident.

In some Asian countries, the "hand heart" is popular too, but in a different way. People there put their hands above their heads and make a bigger heart shape with their arms. It means "I love you."

根据短文内容,判断句子正(T)误(F)。(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

46. It's out to do the "V" for victory sign.

47. The "hand heart" gesture means "I don't love you".

48. No one can express one's love without saying a word.

49. In this passage, some superstars did the "hand heart" to help out three children.

50. "Hand heart" is popular not only in the USA but also in some Asian countries.

题材:风俗文化

【文章大意】本文是篇说明文。代表胜利的V形手势已经过时,现在在亚洲和美国流行“心形手势”来表示爱和谢谢,一些明星更喜欢用这种手势来鼓励需要帮助的孩子。

46. T 【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:用…V?手势表示胜利是过时的。根据第一段第一句话“Are you still doing the V for victory? It?s out”可知,用V手势表示胜利已经过时。故题干表示正确。

47.F.【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:心形手势意为着…我不爱你?。根据第二段第第二句“the hand heart gesture means something between I love and thank you”,可知,心形手意味着我爱你和谢谢你。故题干表示错误。

48.F【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:没有人可以不用语音表达爱。根据第二段第二句话“you can send a sweet and simple message without saying a word”可知你可以不用语音去表达一个甜蜜且简单的信息。故题干表示错误。

49.T【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:在这篇文章中,一些明星用做心形手去帮助三个孩子。根据第三段“JB and his superstar friends did the heart...They did it to help out three children”可知一些明星用做手势去帮助那三个孩子。故题干表示正确。

50.T【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:心形手在美国和亚洲都很流行。根据最后一段“In some Asian countries, the hand heart is popular, too”可知一些亚洲国家也喜欢做心形手手势。故题干表示正确。

B(2017?云南昆明)

A 12-year-old boy named Tim Brown got lost in the mountains. However, he survive at last thanks to his amazing survival(生存,幸存)skills.

One day in October 2016,Tim went hiking with his group in the Magaliesberg Mountains, South Africa. At first, everything went well. But at about one o'clock in the afternoon, he lost his way and couldn't find any other people. He got scared at first, but then he tired to calm down. He knew what to do in such a situation." I should follow the river, follow the light, follow the sun and finally there will be buildings, roads and people and I could call home." he told himself.

Tim kept walking. Suddenly he heard some sounds and ran towards them. But to his surprise, he saw some baboons(猩猩).Unluckily, one baboon scratched(抓伤)his arm. He found some water to wash the blood off the scratches and continued to walk. Tim just wore a pair of swimming trunks(游泳裤),so he felt very cold. He tried to keep warm by covering his body with leaves. About 22 hours later, he finally met a farmer and was able to call his mom.

After he came back, his mom asked why he carried on walking when it got dark. The little boy said if he did that, he would see her again. Nothing could beat his love for his mom!

根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

51. Where did Tim get lost?

A. In a zoo.

B. In the swimming pool

C. In a building

D. In the mountains

52. How long was Tim lost?

A. About 22 hours.

B. About 22 days

C. About 12 hours.

D. About 12 days

53. When he found he was lost, Tim felt scared at first and then ____.

A. he cried over and over again

B. he shouted for help

C. he stayed and waited

D. he tried to clam down

54. What did Tim do first when he heard some sounds?

A. He saw some baboons.

B. He scratched a baboon

C. He ran towards the sounds

D. He washed the blood off

55. Which is NOT the reason for Tim's survival?

A. He met a farmer.

B. He was too scared to carry on walking

C. The love for his mom encouraged him.

D. His abilities to solve problems helped him. 题材:日常生活

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述的是独自迷路的男孩Tim Brown通过生存技巧与努力最终获救的故事。

51.D【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一句话“A 12-year-old boy named Tom Brown got lost in the mountain”可知Tom是在山里迷路的。故选D项。

52.A【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句“About 22 hours later,he finally met a farmer”可知Tom在迷路22小时之后才遇到人。故选A项。

53.D【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段第三句话"He got scared at first, but then he tired to calm down"可知他试着在害怕之后冷静下来。故选D项。

54.C【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段第二句话“Suddenly he heard some sounds and ran towards them”可知他听到声音后就跑了过去。故选C项。

55.B【解析】推理判断题。根据文章最后一段可知因为他的农民妈妈的鼓励及他的生存技艺使他活了下来。可知B项不是他生存下来的原因。

C(2017?云南昆明)

In the 19th century, trains were the best way to travel long distances(距离)over land. Trains were fast and convenient. In the 20th century, airplane replaced trains for long-distance travel. Today, however, high-speed trains are attracting(吸引)passengers again.

France has a train called the TGV.TGV is "Train a Grain a Grande Vitesse" in French, which means "high-speed train". A GTV train operates at speed up to 300 km/h. The passengers can travel from Pair to Marseilles in only four hours.

The first country to have a high-speed train is Japan. The Bullet train offers a fast, smooth ride between Tokyo and other major cities in Japan. This train operates at speed up to 210km/h and can travel between Tokyo and Osaka in just three hours.

China has the world's longest high-speed rail network with over 193698 km of track(轨道)in service from December 2014.China's high-speed rail system also includes the world's longest line, the 2298km Beijing-Guangzhou High-speed Railway. China's high-speed trains are marked with "CRH"(China Railway High-speed).They are also called Hexie Hao. The fastest trainsets,CRH380BL,reached the highest test speed of 4873km/h.

根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

56. What does the underlined phrase" at speed" in the second paragraph mean?

A. fast

B. late

C. slowly

D. deeply

57. The first country to have a high-speed train is _____.

A. China

B. Japan

C. France

D. America

58. Which is the world's longest high-speed railway line?

A. The line from Beijing to Shanghai.

B. The line from Pair to Marseilles.

C. The line from Beijing to Guangzhou.

D. The line from Tokyo to Osaka.

59. The highest test speed of CRH380BL was ____.

A. 210km/h

B. over double the speed of the Japanese Bullet train

C. 300km/h

D. more than double the speed of the French TGV train

60. What's the main idea of this passage?

A. The development of the French TGV train.

B. The history of the Japanese Bullet train.

C. The tests of the Chinese CRH380BL train sets.

D. The introduction of high-speed trains. 题材:教育科技

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。本文主要介绍高速列车,包括法国的TGV,日本的高速列车及中国高铁的发展。

56.A【解析】词句猜测题。根据up to 300km/h及The passenger can travel from Pair to Marseilles in only four hours.可推知,TGV列车的运行速度高达300公里。此处“at speed=fast”意为“快速地”。故选A。

57.B【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段第一句The first country to have a high train is Japan.可知,第一个拥有高铁的国家是日本。故选B。

58.C【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段第二句China's high-speed rail system also includes the world's longest line, the 2998km Beijing-Guangzhou-speed Railway.可知,世界上的最长的高铁线是从北京到广州的线路。故选C。

59.B【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段最后一句The fastest train sets CRH380L,reduced the highest of 487.3km/h.及倒数第二段This train operates at speed up to 210km/h.可知,487.3km/h >2X210km/h,故选B。

60.D【解析】主旨大意题。本文主要介绍世界高铁的发展。故选D。

D(2017?云南昆明)

Many people are trying to save the earth with special days like "Meat out Day", "Earth Day" and "Buy Nothing Day".

Meat out Day

"Meat out Day" is on March 20th. 61 Join this day, and you'll get healthier. Also, you can reduce greenhouse gases(减少温室气体)and save the earth.

Earth Day

62 Many people all over the world try to do something green on this day. In Italy, people don't use plastic bags. In Canada and Norway, people ride bicycles and don't use their cars. In the USA, people dress up like plants and animals and dance in Times Square, New York.

Buy Nothing Day

"Buy Nothing Day" is usually on the fourth Friday in November. 63 “Buy Nothing" means "make no rubbish". 64 .

Do you want to join them? 66 .

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

A. This is Children's Day.

B. When you make less rubbish, you can make a cleaner earth.

C. Many people around the world don't eat any meat foe one day.

D. Then you can remember these special days and do something green.

E. We have a national holiday.

F. "Earth Day" is on April 22nd.

G. On this day, many people don't buy anything.

题材:环境保护

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍“Meatout Day”,“Earth Day”及“Buy Nothing Day”的一些信息。

61.C【解析】根据本段标题Meatout Day可知,主要讲有关Meatout Day的内容。故选C,

62.F【解析】根据本段标题Earth Day及下文Many people all…on this day可知,横线上的内容应该为“地球日在四月二十二日。”故选F。

63.G【解析】根据上文“Buy Nothing Day”通常在11月的第四个星期五。可知,选项G“在这一天,许多人不买任何东西”符合该语境。

64.B【解析】句中“Buy Nothing”means“make no rubbish”中“make no rubbish”与选项B中的“less rubbish”相对应。故选B。

65.D【解析】你想加入我们吗?然后你能够记住这些日子,做一些环保的事情。故选D。第四部写作(共三节,满分30分)

(2017?云南昆明)第一节单词填空

用括号中所给词的适当形式填空,使语篇意思完整,必要时请用否定式。(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

In November 1979,pupils in England 66(be) able to watch a new TV program called Monkey.Most of them were hearing this story for the 67(one) time.However,this story is not new to Chinese children.The Monkey King or Sun Wukong is the man character in the traditional Chinese book Journey to the West.

The Monkey King is not just any 68(normall). In fact,he sometimes does not even look like a monkey!This is because he can make seventy-two69to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.But unless he can hide his tail,he70 (can) turn himself into a man.To 71 (fight) bad people,the Monkey King uses a magic stick.Sometimes 72(him) can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his car.73 (at) other times,he is able to make it big and long.

The Monkey King 75 (excite) the children of China for many years. And as soon as the TV program came out more than 30 years ago. Western children became interested in 75(read) this story because the clever Monkey King keeps fighting to help the weak and never give up.

题材:风俗文化

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍西游记里猴王孙悟空的人物特点及受小朋友喜爱的原因。

66.were 【解析】句意:在1979年11月,英国的学生能够看叫作猴子的电视新节目。根据时间状语In November 1979可知,要用一般过去时;固定搭配:be able to能够…;主语pupils,要用be复数一般过去式形式were。

67.first 【解析】句意:他们当中的大多数人第一次听这个故事。固定搭配:for the first time 第一次,用one的序数词first。

68.normal 【解析】句意:猴子王不只是普通的猴子。形容词修饰名词,要用normally的形容词形式normal。

69.changes 【解析】句意:这是因为他可以对自己的形状和大小做出72个改变,把自己变成不同的动物和物体。change意为“变化,改变”,是可数名词;根据数词seventy-two可知要用change的复数形式changes。

70.can't/cannot 【解析】句意:但是除非他能隐藏自己的尾巴,否则他不能变成人身。根据句意分析可知,要用can的否定形式can't/cannot。

71.fight 【解析】句意:为了打败坏人,猴王用一个神奇的棍子。动词不定式表目的,用fight 的原形,故填fight。

72.he 【解析】句意:有时他能使棍子变得如此小以至于他能把他放进耳朵里。分析句子结构可知,缺少主语,要用him的主格he。

73.At 【解析】句意:平时,他能让棍子变大变长。固定搭配:at other times在其它时候,平时;句首大写,故填At。

74.has excited 【解析】句意:猴王已经让中国的孩子兴奋了这么多年。根据时间状语for many years可知,要用现在完成时;主语The Monkey King是单数,故填has excited。

75.reading 【解析】句意:西方孩子变得对这个故事感兴趣,因为聪明的猴王一直为帮助弱者而战斗,从不放弃。固定搭配:be interested in doing sth.对做某事感兴趣。要用read的动名词形式reading。

(2017?云南昆明)第二节补全对话

根据对话内容,在空白处写出恰当的句子,使对话意思连贯完整。所写句子应与所给的标点符号一致。(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

A: Sarah, you don't look well, 76 ?

B: I have a headache and my head feels very hot.

A: Maybe 77 .

B: Oh, maybe. 78 .

A: You should take your temperature, lie down and rest.

B: That sounds like a good idea.

A: If you still have a fever tomorrow, you'd better go to a doctor. 79 .

B: I hope so. 80 .

A: You are welcome.

76.What's wrong/the matter with you 【解析】根据Sarah,you don't look well.及答语可知,A 是在问B,你怎么了。

77.you got/have got/ have a fever 【解析】根据下文If you still have a fever可知,A可能发热。

78.What should I do 【解析】根据答语You should take your temperature ,lie down and rest.可推知,A在问B,我应该做些什么。

79.I think/hope you will be/feel better soon 【解析】根据If you still have a fever,you'd better go to a doctor.可知,看过医生后,你可能会感觉好些。

80.Thank you 【解析】“You are welcome”常用于对感谢的回答,可知答案应为Thank you。(2017?云南昆明)第三节书面表达(满分15分)

A. One day in my children

B. My _____

要求:

1.请从所给的A、B两个题目中任选其一作答,分值相同。如选B题,请把题目补充完整再作答,例如:你可以写"My dream", "My hometown", "My pet dog"等;

2.注意紧扣主题,意思连贯,语言通顺,书写规范;

3.文中不得出现真实姓名和校名,如需使用名字,请用Mike,Gina等英文名字,小明统一用Guangming Middle School;

4.词数不少于60个。

题材:日常生活

One possible version:

My dream

Different people have different dreams. Some people dream of making a lot of money,living a happy life,being famous,and so on. But my dream is different.

I have a wonderful dream in my heart. It's to speak English very well. Since English is everything for me. Without English, I'm nothing at all. Now, I can think in English, speak in English, and write in English. But if I could speak English as good as an American, my future would be brilliant. So I work very hard.

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