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大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二大学英语6级考试专家预测密卷二

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay entitled On College Students’ Establishing Their Own Business. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes) Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1. A) The man doesn’t want to pay for the room. B) The man likes smoking.

C) The man wants to have a non-smoking room. D) There are no more room in the hotel.

2. A) Jane should come with her instead. B) She will go along with Jane’s idea.

C) She is the decision-maker. D) She will find what Jane prefers.

3. A) Looking for an apartment. B) Taking a suburban excursion.

C) Looking for a job. D) Asking the man for his opinions.

4. A) Watch television. B) Go for a swim.

C) Make better use of time. D) Follow the official procedure.

5. A) Customer and salesperson. B) Boss and secretary.

C) Teacher and student. D) Guest and waitress.

6. A) Her husband was teaching English there. B) She was born there.

C) Her children were born there. D) She has lived there since 1970.

7. A) He was talking in a newspaper advertisement. B) He was talking to a newspaper salesman.

C) He was talking at a newspaper office. D) He w as talking at a car dealer’s.

8. A) Keep better track of the time. B) Try to make up the lost time.

C) Treasure the good time at the University. D) Concentrate on the purpose of University. Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) Last week. B) Last month. C) Last night. D) Two weeks ago.

10. A) They are too complicated. B) They are incomplete.

C) They are really bad. D) They are out of date.

11. A) Buy some new books. B) Change the librarians there.

C) Check all the cards and reprint them where necessary. D) Change the library management system.

12. A) Three books. B) Five books. C) Six books. D) At most ten books. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13. A) She’s impressed with the ticket sellers. B) She’s pleased about the man’s purchase.

C) She’s uncertain about the change in plans. D) She’s resigned to the situation.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

14. A) By writing a personal check. B) By charging them to their personal account.

C) By paying in cash. D) By using a store credit card.

15. A) Stay where he is. B) Go home to telephone the order.

C) Try to get the tickets elsewhere. D) Return after lunch.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) He received a letter. B) He received a gift.

C) He received an invitation. D) He received an urgent telephone call.

17. A) The strongest-looking man. B) The smallest man.

C) A smart man. D) The smallest and weakest-looking man.

18. A) Which One Would You Attack. B) A Petty Officer.

C) A Naval Police. D) How to Fight the Sailor Who Is Drunk. Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) There will be a test on Thursday. B) There will be a quiz on Thursday.

C) The class will read the story on Thursday. D) The class will write a composition.

20. A) Four. B) Twelve. C) Six. D) Eight.

21. A) On Thursdays and Saturdays. B) On Tuesdays and Thursdays.

C) On Mondays and Thursdays. D) On Tuesdays and Fridays.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) They believed that the resources would decline.

B) They knew that the resources would soon be exhausted.

C) They argued that the resources were limited.

D) They assumed that the resources were unlimited.

23. A) They are important food resources. B) The great fisheries are to be exhausted.

C) Noted biologists insist on their maintenance. D) Fishes are fewer than American eagles.

24. A) They are endangered on land or in the air. B) They are important species for conservation.

C) They are symbols of different countries. D) They are examples of zoo animals.

25. A) The resources of the sea are unlimited. B) There are threats to animals and birds.

C) Sea resources have to be protected. D) We must love fish.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

The UK has become a nation of foodies, with increasingly sophisticated tastes and an appetite for world cuisines. Witness all the TV food programs and cookery books, the celebrity status of many chefs, the 26 of farmers’ markets and regional food fairs, the trend in food related travel and the money we spend on doing up kitchens. Jamie Oliver won 27 support for his campaign for improved standards in school dinners and Gillian McKeith had 28 success from her “you are what you eat” approach to eating. And yet, we are also 29 a bad food nation.

The UK eats the most ready meals in Europe. Pizza, pasta, oven chips all quickly re-heated and no messing. Supermarkets and 30 stores display a dazzling range — the more exotic the better. Julia Michna, head of “meal solutions” at Marks and Spencer observes that “Britain’s multiculturalism ethnic cuisines, which people are often 31 cooking from scratch, are far more popular. One quarter of 32 meals are Indian, and nearly one in five is Chinese.” Only 18% of sales are for traditional British food.

Why do ready meals 33 us? Convenience certainly; people commonly say they are too busy; they don’t have enough time to cook. Other relevant trends in the ready meal boom are social; as more people live alone they 34 cook from scratch. Families often eat apart, and ready-meals allow them more flexibility.

Culturally of course, some people would say that the main problem is the average British person has no talent for cooking; our passion for ready meals is all a 35 our basic incompetence and confusion in the kitchen. Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

A United Nations panel on climate change says global warming is causing extreme weather all over the world and the situation is getting urgent. The specialists are 36 on governments to come up with new ideas to 37 gas emissions. Since much of the air pollution comes from coal-fired power plants, scientists in Denmark are trying to lower their nation’s energy needs with new types of smart streetlights.

Our 38 industrialized world needs huge amounts of electrical energy, but our power plants still rely mostly on technology 39 as early as the 19th century — coal-powered plants, hydroelectric dams or somewhat newer nuclear energy, all of which have their own 40 .

Renewable sources, such as solar plants and wind turbines, have just started making inroads (侵袭) in lowering harmful emissions, while safer fusion-based nuclear plants are believed to be many decades off.

But scientists say we can slow down global warming by lowering energy demands for street lights.

These common features of the world’s urban areas require a lot of electricity.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that in 2012, lighting for buildings, streets and highways in the U.S. used about 274 billion kilowatt hours.

In a bid to make Copenhagen the world’s first carbon-neutral city by 2025, scientists in the Danish capital are testing a variety of new street lighting technologies. With these technologies, we can 41 the run time, the efficacy, the lumen output or the power consumption, and then we do real time measurements on the lux levels on the street level.

The main goal is to lower energy 42 when the light is not needed. So the lamp brightens up only

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

when it senses an approaching pedestrian, cyclist or vehicle. Some of them even have a 43 wind generator or a solar cell.

Scientists say 44 the smart lights city-wide could save up to 85 percent of the current budget for 45 the Copenhagen streets.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Five Problems Financial Reform Doesn’t Fix

[A] T he legislation concerning financial reform focuses on helping regulators detect and defuse (减少……的危

险性) the next crisis. But it doesn’t address many of the underlying conditions that can cause problems. [B] T he legislation gives regulators the power to oversee shadow banks and take failing firms apart, convenes a

council of super regulators to watch the mega firms that pose a risk to the full financial system, and much else.

[C] B ut the bill does more to help regulators detect the next financial crisis than to actually stop it from

happening. In that way, it’s like the difference between improving public health and improving medicine: The bill focuses on helping the doctors who figure out when you’re sick and how to get you better rather than on the conditions (sewer systems and air quality and hygiene standards and so on) that contribute to whether you get sick in the first place.

[D] T hat is to say, many of the weaknesses and imbalances that led to the financial crisis will survive our

regulatory response, and it’s important to keep that in mind. So here are five we still have to watch out for:

1. The Global Glut(供过于求) of Savings

[E] “One of the leading indicators of a financial crisis is when you have a sustained surge in money flowing

into the country which makes borrowing cheaper and easier,” says Harvard economist Kenneth Rogoff.

Our crisis was no different: Between 1987 and 1999, our current account deficit — the measure of how much money is coming in versus going out — fluctuated between 1 and 2 percent of gross domestic product. By 2006, it had hit 6 percent.

[F] T he sharp rise was driven by emerging economies with lots of growth and few investment opportunities

— think China — funneling their money to developed economies with less growth and lots of investment opportunities. But we’ve gotten out of the crisis without fixing it. China is still growing fast, exporting faster, and sending the money over to US.

2. Household Debt—and Why We Need It

[G] T he fact that money is available to borrow doesn’t explain why Americans borrowed so much of it.

Household debt as a percentage of GDP went from a bit less than 60 percent at the beginning of the 1990s to a bit less than 100 percent in 2006. “This is where I come to income inequality,” says Raghuram Rajan, an economist at the University of Chicago. “A large part of the population saw relatively stagnant incomes over the 1980s and 1990s. Credit was so welcome because it kept people who were falling behind reasonably happy. You were keeping up, even if your income wasn’t.”

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二[H] I ncomes, of course, are even more stagnant now that unemployment is at 9 percent. And that pain isn’t

being shared equally: inequality has actually risen since before the recession, as joblessness is proving sticky among the poor, but recovery has been swift for the rich. Household borrowing is still more than

90 percent of GDP, and the conditions that drove it up there are, if anything, worse.

3. The “Shadow Banking” Market

[I] T he financial crisis started out similarly severe, but it wasn’t, at first, a crisis of consumers. It was a

crisis of banks. It never became a crisis of consumers because consumer deposits are insured. But large investors — pension funds, banks, corporations, and others — aren’t insured. But when they hear that their collateral (附属担保品)is dropping in value, they demand their money back. And when everyone does that at once, it’s like an old-fashioned bank run: The banks can’t pay everyone off at once, so they unload all their assets to get capital, the assets become worthless because everyone is trying to unload them, and the banks collapse.

[J] “This is an inherent problem of privately created money,” says Gary Gorton, an economist at Princeton University, “It is vulnerable to these kinds of runs.” This year, we’re bringing this shadow banking system under the control of regulators and giving them all sorts of information on it and power over it, but we’re not doing anything like deposit insurance, where we simply make the deposits safe so runs become an anachronism.

4. Rich Banks

[K] I n the 1980s, the financial sector’s share of total corporate profits ranged from about 10 to 20 percent.

By 2004, it was about 35 percent. Simon Johnson, an economist at MIT, recalls a conversation he had with a fund manager. “The guy said to me, ‘Simon, it’s so little money! You can sway senators for $10 million!?’ ” Johnson laughs ruefully (后悔地). “These guys [big investors] don’t even think in millions.

They think in billions.”

[L] W hat you get for that money is favors. The last financial crisis fades from memory and the public begins to focus on other things. Then the finance guys begin nudging (游说).They hold some fundraisers for politicians, make some friends, explain how the regulations they’re under are onerous and unfair. And slowly, surely, those regulations come undone. This financial crisis will stick in our minds for a while, but not forever. And after briefly dropping to less than 15 percent of corporate profits, the financial sector has rebounded to more than 30 percent. They’ll have plenty of money with which to help their friends forget this whole nasty affair.

5. Lax(不严格的)Regulators

[M] T he most troubling prospect is the chance that this bill, if we’d passed it in 2000, wouldn’t even have prevented this financial crisis. That’s not to undersell it: It would’ve given regulators more information with which to predict the crisis. But they had enough information, and they ignored it. They get caught up in boom times just like everyone else. A bubble, almost by definition, affects the regulators with the power to pop it.

[N] I n 2005, with housing prices running far, far ahead of the historical trend, Bernanke said a housing bubble was “a pretty unlikely possibility”. In 2007, he said Fed officials “do not expect significant spillovers from the subprime market to the rest of the economy.” Alan Greenspan, looking back at the financial crisis, admitted in April that regulators “have had a woeful record of chronic failure. History tells us they cannot identify the timing of a crisis, or anticipate exactly where it will be located or how large the losses and spillovers will be.”

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

46. T he financial crisis will not engrave on people’s minds forever, and after briefly dropping of corporate

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

profits, the financial sector has restored soon.

47. A financial crisis never became a crisis of consumers because consumer deposits are insured, but large

investors are not, and this eventually let bank go bankruptcy.

48. E conomist admitted that regulators have a sad record of continuous failure.

49. A ccording to economist, credit cards were popular because it kept people who were hanging behind

happy.

50. T he financial sector’s portion of total corporate profits increased 15 to 20 percent from the 1980s to 2004.

51. E conomist believed that one of the main indicators of a financial crisis is to have a continuous inflow of

capital into the country.

52. T he bill can’t stop a financial crisis from happening, it only does more to help regulators perceive the

next financial crisis.

53. R egulators who have the power to pop the economic bubble get caught up in it just like everyone else.

54. T his year, the shadow banking system is being brought under the supervision of regulators, but owing to

the lack of deposit insurance, runs become inappropriate.

55. U nemployment rate is not being shared equally between the rich and the poor.

Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

Mathematical ability and musical ability may not seem on the surface to be connected, but people who have researched the subject — and studied the brain — say that they are. Research for my book “Talking Children” drove home the point to me. Three quarters of the bright but speech delayed children in the group I studied had a close relative who was an engineer, mathematician or scientist, and four fifths had a close relative who played a musical instrument. The children themselves usually took readily to math and other analytical subject and to music.

Black, white and Asian children in this group show the same patterns. However, looking at the larger world around us, it is clear that blacks have been greatly overrepresented in the development of American popular music, especially in the history of jazz, and greatly underrepresented in such field as mathematics, science and engineering.

If the abilities required in analytical fields and in music are so closely related, how can there be this great discrepancy? One reason is that the development of mathematical and other such abilities require years of formal schooling, while certain musical talents can be developed with little or no formal training, as has happened with a number of well-known black musicians.

It is precisely in those kinds of music where one can acquire great skill without formal training that blacks have excelled popular music rather than classical music, piano rather than violin, blues rather than opera. This is readily understandable, given that most blacks, for most of American history, have not had either the money or the leisure for long years of formal study in music.

Blacks have not merely held their own in American popular music. They have played a disproportionately large role in the development of jazz, both traditional and modern. A long string of names comes to mind — Duke Ellington, Scott Joplin, W. C. Handy, Louis Armstrong, Charlie Parker…and so on.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二None of this presupposes any special innate ability of blacks in music. On the contrary, it is perfectly consisted with blacks having no more such inborn ability than anyone else, but being limited to being able to express such ability in narrower channels than others who have had the money, the time and the formal education to spread out over a wider range of music, as well as into mathematics, science and engineering.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

56. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

A) Mathematical ability and musical ability are connected.

B) Mathematical ability has more to do with the brain than musical ability.

C) More people are good at music than math.

D) M ore research should be done into the relationship between the mathematical ability and musical ability.

57. The passage mainly answers which of the following questions?

A) Are musical ability and mathematical ability connected?

B) Why have blacks been greatly overrepresented in the development of American popular music?

C) What kinds of music require formal training? D) What are the contributions made by black musicians?

58. The word “discrepancy” (Para. 3) most probably means ______.

A) difference B) excellence C) inborn ability D) inability

59. What can be inferred about opera?

A) It requires formal training. B) It is often enjoyed by those with strong analytical ability.

C) It is disliked by blacks. D) It is more difficult to learn than classical music.

60. Which of the following statements is true according to the last paragraph?

A) Blacks hav e special innate ability in music.

B) Unlike others, blacks do not have innate ability in music.

C) Jazz is one of the narrow channels through which blacks express their ability in music.

D) Those who have money and time choose mathematics over music.

Passage Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

AOL Time Warner is ramping up its bid for digital domination at a dicey moment. For one thing, the company’s mammoth competitors are hardly ceding the field and some of them are backing rival technologies. Last week News Corp’s Rupert Murdock reportedly moved closer to adding Hughes Electronics and its Direct TV service to his global satellite-television operation — a development that, if successful, will represent a formidable challenge to AOL Time Warner.

Also, as the economy weakens, consumers may not be willing to take on a jumbo cable bill. And the demand for the sexy new entertainment offerings is uncertain. Chatting and e-mail — not watching film clips or online shopping — remain the killer for most wired warriors. Finally, after countless false starts by the media industry, consumers are skeptical about yet one more promise of a seamless interactive service. In fact, Time Warner lost tens of millions in 1994 by launching its much-hyped “full service network” in Orlando.

But AOL Time Warner argues that the world is vastly different from what it once was. The technology gets continuously proven, with the rebuilt cable system being able to easily handle rivers of data. Also, the price of the computer chips that power the set-top boxes has plunged. (In Orlando, Time Warner had to pay thousands of dollars for each set-top box; now the cost is $300.) The company’s early results are encouraging. Since the spring 1999, more than 1.7 million customers have signed up for its digital-cable, without which Time Warner can’t market video on demand. Road Runner, meanwhile, has attracted about more than 1 million customers since 1996 and now the signing up is more than 20,000 a week.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

Now the company is plotting to use the cable pipes to storm the multibillion-dollar phone business. Time Warner Cable has tapped the Portland operation for a test of its so-called internet telephone services. As a user surfs the Net over Road Runner and watches digital television, he may call a buddy across town, all over a single cable line.

After waiting a whole year for the mega merger to be approved, AOL Time Warner executives are exhilarated to finally implement their grand plans. “This is the fun part,” says Joe Collins, the chief of Time Warner Cable, of the forthcoming blizzard of digital offerings. With a $116 billion merger on the line, this cable guy had better hope that the fun will last out.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

61. The word “dicey” in Paragraph One means _____.

A) just the right and thrilling B) rather awkward and bewildering

C) slightly dangerous and uncertain D) fairly dramatic and critical

62. From the text, we can tell that Time Warner _____.

A) has been successful all along in launching its digital domination

B) was about to add its TV service to the global television operation

C) has backed the media industry and rival technologies

D) suffered nasty setback with its interactive “full service network”

63. What is the result of Time Warner’s “full service network”?

A) It is very successful. B) It continues smoothly.

C) It cost a lot of money at the beginning. D) It is hard to say.

64. It is implied in the second paragraph that _____.

A) a larger part of population go shopping online and watch film-clips than those who do otherwise

B) although the demand for the sexy new entertainment offerings is uncertain, Rupert Murdoch is sure to win

C) consumers are confident of a seamless interactive service

D) those who go to the Internet for chatting and e-mail service still form the vast majority

65. By arguing “that the world is vastly different now”, AOL Time Warner intends to _____.

A) inform people of the new technology B) argue a belief that AOL Time Warner will lose.

C) give customers a piece of advice D) differentiate the present from the past

Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

唐装(Tang suit)广义上是指西式裁剪的满族(Manchu)服饰,而不是唐朝的服装。它吸取了满清服饰的款式和面料,同时采用了西方服装的立体式剪裁(three-dimensional cutting)。国内所称的“唐装”,基本上是晚清的中式着装。唐装其实是中式服装的统称,这主要是因为国外都称华人居住的地方为“唐人街”(Chinatown),那“唐人”穿的衣服自然就应该叫“唐装”了。另外,国外的一些华人也称中式服装为“唐装”,所以唐装的取名颇有国际化的味道。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

答案详解与译文划线点评

Part I Writing

【写作提示】

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

这是一篇命题作文。话题是关于大学生自主创业。作文可分为三段:第一段简单叙述政府颁布了一些

优惠政策鼓励大学生创业的原因;第二段指出大学生自主创业有何好处,以及可能出现的问题;第三段指出除了优惠政策外,政府应该采取更多行动来帮助学生创业。

【写作范文】

On College Students’ Establishing Their Own

Recently the government has issued some to encourage college students to establish their own business. One main part of the reason is that the current economical crisis breaks the normal economical activities. The other main reason is that the job supply can not meet the need of more and more students.

Due to these reasons, the government encourages students to establish their own business. On the one hand, it can the employment pressure students’ capability of independence and creativity. However, it also brings about of life experience, the success rate is very low. For another, few of the students can establish their own business because of various external As far as I am concerned but the realistic conditions should be Apart from the preferential policies, the government should action to help the students establish their own business.

【范文翻译】

【范文亮点词汇】1. preferential policies 3. employment pressure 5. not to mention 7. external 9. take into consideration

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

Conversation One

W: G ood morning, Peter.

M: G ood morning, Julia.

W: D o come in. You’ve brought the results with you, I see.

M: Y es, in fact, (9) I completed the survey last week.

W: S o, I can hear the criticisms now, then? M: T hat’s right. And perhaps you’ll be able to tell me what can be done about them.

W: I’ll certainly do my best. Well, what would you like to start with?

M: T he catalogues. (10) I’m afraid many of the science students complain that they’re incomplete and out of date. They think they’re really bad. Is there anything you can do to improve things there?

W: O h, yes. (11) We can check all the cards and reprint them where necessary...or we can change to a computer system.

M: H ow much would it cost to do the first? W: A bout six thousand pounds.

M: A nd how long would it take?

W: O h, maybe three months.

M: A nd how much would it cost to do the second?

W: C hange to a computer system? Yes, oh, about sixty thousand pounds.

M: A nd how long would that take?

W: E r, nine months, I’d say. About nine months. M: T hank you. Now...next I’d like to move on to the Borrowing facilities. The social science students described these as rather disappointing. They complained that they were only allowed to borrow three books.

(12) Most of them felt they ought to be

able to borrow more books, perhaps five or six for undergraduates and up to ten for graduates.

W: T hat may be possible.

M: A lso, they’d like to be able to keep the books for a longer period, say three weeks instead of the present two.

W: T hat also sounds reasonable. I’ll see what I can do.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. When did the man finish his survey?

A) Last week. B) Last month.

C) Last night. D) Two weeks ago.

A)上周。B)上个月。

C)昨晚。 D)两周前。

【解析】A。细节题。对话中,男士说“I completed the survey last week”,也就是说他上周完成了调查。

10. W hat do students NOT complain about the library

catalogues?

A) They are too complicated. B) They are incomplete.

C) They are really bad. D) They are out of date.

A)太复杂了。B)不完全。

C)很不好。 D)过时了。

【解析】A。细节题。学生们抱怨图书馆的目录不完全(incomplete),过时了(out of date),认为它们很糟糕(really bad)。由此可以排除选项B、C和D。

11. W hat does the woman say about the first possibility of

the library work?

A) Buy some new books.

B) Change the librarians there.

C) Check all the cards and reprint them where

necessary.

D) Change the library management system.

A)买些新书。

B)换掉那儿的图书管理员。

C)检查所有的卡片,必要的话重新印刷。

D)改变图书馆的管理系统。

【解析】C。细节题。针对图书馆目录存在的问题,男士问“你有什么改善的方法吗?”,女士回答道首先可以检查所有的卡片,必要的地方可以重新打印。

12. H ow many books are requested by graduates to

borrow?

A) Three books. B) Five books.

C) Six books. D) At most ten books.

A)三本。 B)五本。

C)六本。D)最多十本。

【解析】D。细节题。学生们报怨说他们只能借3本书,并要求可以多借几本书,本科生要求可以借5到6本书,而研究生可以借10本书(up to ten)。

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

Conversation Two

M: E xcuse me. Are you going to buy concert

tickets?

W: Y es, I am. So are all these people in front

of me.

M: H ave you been here long?

W: A bout 45 minutes. I’ve moved forward a total of about 3 feet in that time.M: Y ou are kidding.W: (13) Not at all. There was a couple up ahead of me who got so disgusted that they finally gave up and left. They said they’d been waiting for more than an

hour.

M: T errific. Does anyone know what’s

causing the delay?W: I f so, no one has let us know. It could be that there aren’t enough people selling

tickets this afternoon. Or maybe their computer is down. I’m sure the concert hasn’t been cancelled.M: I just hope they don’t run out of tickets before I get up there.W: T hat really would be annoying, wouldn’t

it?

M: I guess I should have come before lunch.

Or has it been like this all day?W: A pparently it has. In fact, before I came I tried calling to charge my tickets over

the phone, just to avoid this long wait.

But they are not taking phone orders, or checks, or credit cards. (14) It’s cash or nothing, and you have to come in person.M: W ell, there are two more hours before the tickets office closes. (15) Tickets for a good concert are worth waiting for. So I think I’ll just make myself comfortable.

Section

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

Passage One

When the sailors are allowed ashore after a long time at sea, they sometimes get drunk and cause trouble. For this reason, the navy always has naval police in big ports. When sailors cause trouble, the naval police come

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just

heard.

13. W hat do you learn about the woman’s opinion about what’s happening?A) She’s impressed with the ticket sellers.B) She’s pleased about the man’s purchase.C) She’s uncertain about the change in plans.

D) She’s resigned to the situation.A )她对售票员的印象很深刻。B )她对于男士的购买表示很高兴。

C )她对计划中的变数不确定。

D )她顺从于现在的情况了。【解析】D 。推理题。从上面的对话可知女士在等候买票,

她已经等了45分钟了,她前面的一对夫妇已经放弃等了,

而她还情愿等候。所以她顺从了这种情况。

14. How people are required to purchase their tickets?

A) By writing a personal check.B) By charging them to their personal account.C) By paying in cash.D) By using a store credit card.A )通过开个人支票。 B )通过向个人账户赊账。

C )通过付现金。

D )通过使用商场信用卡。【解析】 C 。细节题。女士说她在来排队前尝试过其他方法

买票,如电话订购、支票和信用卡付款,但是除了现金其他

方式都不行,所以人们只能亲自来买票。

15. What will the man probably do next?

A) Stay where he is.B) Go home to telephone the order.C) Try to get the tickets elsewhere.D) Return after lunch.A )待在他在的地方。 B )回家打电话订购。C )去别的地方买票。 D )午饭后再回来。

【解析】 A 。推理题。在对话结束时男士说,好票是值得等

候的,所以可以推断男士会呆在那儿等候。Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. What did the naval police receive from a bar in the town?

A) He received a letter. B) He received a gift.C) He received an invitation.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

and deal with them.

(16) One day, the naval police in a big seaport received an urgent telephone call from a bar in the town. The barman said that a big sailor had got drunk and was breaking the furniture in the bar. The petty officer who was in charge of the naval police guard that evening said that he would come immediately.

Now, petty officers who had to go and deal with sailors who were heavily drunk usually chose the biggest naval policeman they could find to go with them. But this particular petty officer did not do this. (17) Instead, he chose the smallest and weakest-looking man he could find to go to the bar with him and arrested the sailor who was breaking the furniture.

Another petty officer who happened to be there was surprised when he saw the petty officer of the guard choose this small man, so he said to him, “Why don’t you take a big man with you? You may have to fight the sailor who is drunk.”

“Yes, you are quite right.” Answered the petty officer of the guard. “That is exactly why I am taking this small man. If you saw two policemen coming to arrest you, and one of them was much smaller than the other, (18) which one would you attack?”

Passage Two

I am certain that any of you who have been on campus very long may have already heard about this course. As you may know, last semester almost half the students in my class failed. Before you get scared and conclude that I don’t like my students, let me explain how that came about. This class is a composition class. In composition there are certain rules of formality that must be followed in order to clearly communicate. It is unfortunate that these days many students feel that formal rules are not necessary. When I grade a paper and I see that you have misspelled a word, you’ve lost 10 points.

D) He received an urgent telephone call.

A)他收到一封信。 B)他收到一个礼物。

C)他收到一个邀请。D)他收到一个紧急电话。【解析】D。细节题。原文中提到海军警察收到了来自一家酒吧的紧急电话(received an urgent telephone call from a bar in the town),考查对原文信息的捕捉。

17. W hom did the particular petty officer choose to go to the bar

with him?

A) The strongest-looking man. B) The smallest man.

C) A smart man.

D) The smallest and weakest-looking man.

A)看起来最强壮的男人。 B)最小的男人。

C)聪明的男人。D)最小最弱的男人。【解析】D。细节题。文中提到这次这名海军士官没有像以往一样找一个最强壮的海军警察,而是找了一个个头小且虚弱的警察“smallest and weakest-looking man”陪他一起去,这样可以避免被攻击。

18. What is the best title for this passage?

A) Which One Would You Attack.

B) A Petty Officer. C) A Naval Police.

D) How to Fight the Sailor Who Is Drunk.

A)你会攻击哪一个。 B)一位海军军士。

C)一位海军警察。

D)如何与喝醉酒的海员搏斗。

【解析】A。主旨题。本文是一个幽默故事,讲述一位海军警察为了避免被攻击而选择一个最弱小的警察陪他一起去办案。而幽默之处就在于结尾的最后一句话,因此它是最合适的主题。

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. What will the class do on Thursday?

A) There will be a test on Thursday.

B) There will be a quiz on Thursday.

C) The class will read the story on Thursday.

D) The class will write a composition.

A)星期四有一场考试。 B)星期四有一个小测试。

C)星期四学生要读故事。D)学生要写作文。

【解析】D。细节题。文章的后半部分提到在周四全班需要写一篇关于所读的小故事的文章。

20. How many themes will the class write?

A) Four. B) Twelve. C) Six. D) Eight.

A)四个。 B)十二个。C)六个。 D)八个。

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

If you’ve used inadequate punctuation, that can cost you up to 15 points. Additionally, any paper that you cannot finish on time will not be accepted. Any theme that is not submitted on time will not be graded. You will have to read all the assignments. I will give quizzes on the reading assignments in order to make sure that you are keeping up on your readings. (21)The class meets on Tuesdays and Thursdays. (20) Your final grade is based on the total scores of the four tests, several quizzes and six theme papers. Any time you have a problem I would seriously recommend that you come to see me in my office. My office is located on the fourth floor of the building directly in front of the building we are in now. (21) The hours are 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. on the same days as class. (19) For Thursday you will write an essay about your readings from the short story on page 74 of the textbook. If there are no questions that will be all for today, I will see you on Thursday. Passage Three

(22) During the nineteenth century, when little was known about environmentalism and conservation, it was common to hear people in Europe and America say that the resources of the sea were unlimited. They believe the world and nature would continuously reproduce all the resources they would need. For example, a noted biologist writing in the mid-nineteenth century commented that none of the great sea fisheries were to be exhausted. Today, though, there is evidence that the resources of the sea are seriously endangered.

Previously, environmentalists have focused their attention on the land and air. Recently, however, they are beginning to discover that the resources of the sea are in as much danger. (24) The list of endangered species now includes the African elephant, the Indian tiger and the 【解析】 C。推理题。文章谈到作文课最后的分数基于四次考试,几次小测验和六篇主题论文。因此可以得知学生们要写六个主题论文。

21. When can the students consult the professor in his office?

A) On Thursdays and Saturdays.

B) On Tuesdays and Thursdays.

C) On Mondays and Thursdays.

D) On Tuesdays and Fridays.

A)周四和周六。B)周二和周四。

C)周一和周四。 D)周二和周五。

【解析】B。细节题。从文中得知写作课是在每周二和周四,而老师的接待时间也在同天下午两点到四点。

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A ccording to the speaker, what attitude did many people in the

nineteenth century have towards sea resources?

A) They believed that the resources would decline.

B) They knew that the resources would soon be exhausted.

C) They argued that the resources were limited.

D) They assumed that the resources were unlimited.

A)他们认为资源会下降。

B)他们知道资源很快会被耗尽。

C)他们认为资源是有限的。

D)他们假设资源是无限的。

【解析】D。细节题。文中提到在19世纪,经常会听到欧洲和美国的人们说海洋资源是无限的。

23. W hat does the speaker believe is the main reason for

maintaining sea resources?

A) They are important food resources.

B) The great fisheries are to be exhausted.

C) Noted biologists insist on their maintenance.

D) Fishes are fewer than American eagles.

A)它们是重要的食品来源。

B)重要的鱼类资源要被耗尽。

C)著名的生物学家坚持他们的观点。

D)鱼类的数量比秃鹰要少。

【解析】A。细节题。文中作者提到人们开始重视海洋资源更重要的原因是他们发现鱼类面临危险,而鱼类是人们的重要食物资源。

24. W hy does the speaker mention the African elephant, Indian

tiger, and American eagle?

A) They are endangered on land or in the air.

B) They are important species for conservation.

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

American eagle.

Furthermore, the threats to fish are more alarming in some ways than the threats to animals and birds. (23) This is because fish are a much more needed food source, and people throughout the world depend on fish as an important part of their diet. Hence, a decline in the fish supply could have extensive effects on hunger and population. Fishermen in the North Atlantic alone annually harvest 20 billion pounds of fish to satisfy food demand, but the world needs to recognize that these practices cannot continue without exhausting fish reserves within the next few years. Rapidly declining sea resources in many parts of the world are problems that cannot be ignored any longer. Unlike the scholars in the nineteenth century, we now know that food supplies in the sea cannot last forever.

Section

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

The UK has become a nation of foodies, with increasingly sophisticated tastes and an appetite for world cuisines. Witness all the TV food programs and cookery books, the celebrity status of many chefs, the (26) popularity of farmers’ markets and regional food fairs, the trend in food related travel and the money we spend on doing up kitchens. Jamie Oliver won (27) massive support for his campaign for improved standards in school dinners and Gillian McKeith had (28) phenomenal success from her “you are what you eat” approach to eating. And yet, we are also (29) labeled a bad food nation.

The UK eats the most ready meals in Europe. Pizza, pasta, oven chips all quickly re-heated and no messing. Supermarkets and (30) convenience stores display a dazzling range —the more exotic the better. Julia Michna, head of “meal solutions” at Marks and Spencer observes that “Britain’s multiculturalism ethnic cuisines, which people are often (31) scared of cooking from scratch, are far more popular. One quarter of (32) chilled meals are Indian, and nearly one in five is Chinese.” Only 18% of sales are for traditional British food.

Why do ready meals (33) seduce us? Convenience certainly; people commonly say they are too busy; they don’t have enough time to cook. Other relevant trends in the ready meal boom are social; as more people live alone they (34) are less motivated to cook from scratch. Families often eat apart, and ready-meals allow them more flexibility.

Culturally of course, some people would say that the main problem is the average British person has no talent for cooking; our passion for ready meals is all a (35) disguise of our basic incompetence and confusion in the kitchen.

C) They are symbols of different countries.D) They are examples of zoo animals.A )它们在陆地上或者空中濒临灭绝。B )它们是需要保护的重要物种。C )它们是不同国家的标志。

D )它们是动物园里动物的典型。

【解析】B 。细节题。文中提到非洲象、印度虎和美洲鹰都是濒临灭绝的稀有物种,而作者之所以要提到这些物种,是想强调它们需要保护。

25. Which of the following is this lecture intended to explain?

A) The resources of the sea are unlimited.B) There are threats to animals and birds.C) Sea resources have to be protected.D) We must love fish.

A )海洋资源是无限的。

B )动物和鸟类都存在威胁。

C )海洋资源需要被保护。

D )我们应该热爱鱼类。【解析】C 。主旨题。文章一直围绕海洋资源的匮乏和有限性在展开,也谈到了鱼类受到的生存威胁,因此主题应当是保护海洋资源。

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二Part III Reading Comprehension

Section

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

warming is causing extreme weather all over the world and the

situation is getting urgent. The specialists are (36) calling on

governments to come up with new ideas to (37) curb gas emis-

sions. Since much of the air pollution comes from coal-fired

nation’s energy needs with new types of smart streetlights.

Our (38) increasingly industrialized world needs huge

amounts of electrical energy, but our power plants still rely mostly

on technology (39) introduced as early as the 19th century—coal-

powered plants, hydroelectric dams or somewhat newer nuclear

energy, all of which have their own (40) shortcomings.

Renewable sources, such as solar plants and wind tur-

bines, have just started making inroads (侵袭) in lowering

harmful emissions, while safer fusion-based nuclear plants

are believed to be many decades off. But scientists say we can

street lights.

These common features of the world’s urban areas require

a lot of electricity. The U.S. Energy Information Administra-

tion estimates that in 2012, lighting for buildings, streets and

highways in the U.S. used about 274 billion kilowatt hours.

In a bid to make Copenhagen the world’s first carbonneutral

city by 2025, scientists in the Danish capital are testing a va-

riety of new street lighting technologies. With these technolo-

gies, we can (41) monitor the run time, the efficacy, the lumen

measurements on the lux levels on the street level.

The main goal is to lower energy (42) consumption when

the light is not needed. So the lamp brightens up only when

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

of them even have a (43) backup wind generator or a solar

cell.

Scientists say (44) installing the smart lights city-wide

could save up to 85 percent of the current budget for (45) il-

luminating the Copenhagen streets.

36. 【解析】 M。空格前是系动词is,空格后是介词on,且根据句意“全球气候变暖正在致使全球范围内出

现极端天气,形势严峻。专家们______各国政府寻找新思路……”,可判断此处需要填入动词-ing形式。

选项中有illuminating照明;telling告诉,讲述;installing安装,安置;calling呼吁。只有calling on“呼吁”

符合句意,故本题选M。

37. 【解析】 I。空格前是不定式to,空格后是名词短语gas emissions,可判断此处需填入动词原形。选项中有E)

monitor监控;H) check检验,核对;I) curb控制,勒住;J) cost花费;N) backup做备份,根据句意“……

各国政府寻找新思路,______气体排放量”,故只有curb符合本句意思,故本题选I。

38. 【解析】 B。空格前是物主代词our,空格后是形容词加名词industrialized world,分析句子结构,本句

句子结构完整,Our industrialized world是本句的主语,所以此处需填入一个副词。选项中的副词有B)

increasingly越来越多地,渐增地;K) immediately立即,立刻,直接地,根据句意“随着世界工业化程

度______提高,我们需要大量的电能”,increasingly符合本句的意思,故本题选B。

39. 【解析】 O。空格前是but our power plants still rely mostly on technology,是一个完整的句子结构,空格

后是as early as the 19th century,本句的意思是:全世界大部分的发电站仍在______早在19世纪就在

应用的技术。根据句子结构,此处需要填入一个表示被动关系的动词,引导时间短语作宾语补足语,

选项中有conducted管理,引导;introduced采用,因此只有introduced符合句意,故本题选O。

40. 【解析】 G。空格前是their own,可以判断此处需要填入一个名词。根据句意“燃煤发电站、水力发电

站或者某些新型核能——所有这些都有各自的______”,结合上文,这些技术都是早在19世纪就在应

用的,可以判断文中想要表达的是这些技术都有其自身的缺点,因此shortcomings符合句意,故本题选G。

41. 【解析】 E。空格前是情态动词can,判断此处应填动词原形,选项中有E) monitor监控;H) check检验,

核对;I) curb控制,勒住;J) cost花费;N) backup做备份,根据句意“有了这些技术,就可以对亮灯时间、

发光效率、光强度以及耗电量进行______”,只有monitor监控符合句意,故本题选E。

42. 【解析】 A。空格前lower energy ,空格后从句when the light is not needed,可以判断此处应填入名词与

energy一起做宾语。根据句意“主要目的是不需要灯光时,降低能源______”,只有consumption符合

句意,energy consumption意为“能源消耗,能耗”,故本题选A。

43. 【解析】 N。空格前是冠词a,空格后是名词wind,可以判断此处需填入一个形容词,选项中有D)

illuminating照亮的;照明的;N) backup预备的,后备的;O) introduced引进的,引种的,根据句意“一

些街灯甚至还______有风力发电机或者太阳能电池等设备”,只有backup符合句意,故本题选N。

44. 【解析】 L。空格前是Scientists say,空格后是一个完整的句子结构,可以判断say之后是一个宾语从句,

the smart lights city-wide作从句主语,并且填入的动词和其后的名词短语是主动关系,因此此处需要

填入一个动词-ing形式,选项中有illuminating照明;telling告诉,讲述;installing安装,安置,calling

呼吁,根据句意“科学家称,如果整个城市都______智能街灯,可以节约高达85%的预算”,只有

installing“安装;安置”符合句意,故本题选L。

45. 【解析】 D。空格前是介词for,此处是save up...for...结构,因此for后需要一个主动关系的动词+名词

短语。根据句意“可以节约高达85%的街道______流动预算”,判断这里要表示是街道照明,因此只

有illuminating“照明”符合句意,故本题选D。

振宇英语/6级预测密卷二

Section

大学英语6级预测卷 第2套

金融改革解决不了的五个问题

[A] 关于金融改革的立法着力帮助监管部门发现

下一次危机以及减少危机的危害。但是并没有解决导致危机出现的根本因素。

[B] 立法给予监管部门监管影子银行的权力,把

濒临破产的银行拆分开来;召开超级监管机构委员会监察对整个金融体系具有危险影响的大银行,等等。

[C] 【52】但是法案更有助于监管部门发现下次

金融危机,而不是真正阻止金融危机发生。这样看来,就像是改善公众健康和改善医药的区别:法案着重于帮助医生鉴别你是什么

时候生病的,怎样让你从疾病中恢复,而不

是关注最初导致你生病的因素(排污系统、

空气质量、卫生标准,等等)。

[D] 也就是说,很多导致金融危机的缺陷和不均衡因素都将逃过我们的监管,记住这点很重要。所以以下五点是我们仍然要小心提防的:1. 全球储蓄过剩[E] 【51】 “金融危机的主要指标之一就是一个国家有持续的资金流入激增使得借贷更便宜、 更容易,”哈佛大学经济学家肯尼斯?罗格夫说。我们的危机也是一样的:在1987年到

1999年间,我们用以衡量资金出入情况的

经常帐户赤字在国内生产总值的1%和2%

之间徘徊;到2006年,达到了6%。[F] 这一急剧上升是由于新兴经济体快速增长但投资机会却寥寥无几。想想中国。中国把资金投入到具有大量投资机会但增长缓慢的发达经济体。我们走出了危机,却没有解决危机。中国仍然在快速增长,出口更快,正在

把钱投到美国。

2. 家庭债务——我们为什么需要家庭债务

[G] 有钱可借这是事实,但这并不能解释为什么

美国人借了这么多钱。家庭债务相对于国内

生产总值的占比从20世纪90年代初的不足

60%上升到2006年的几乎100%。【49】 “这就是为什么我会提出‘收入不平等’,” 芝加哥大学的经济学家拉古拉迈?拉加恩说。“大部分人在20世纪80年代到90年代间经历了收入相对停滞的阶段。信用卡之所以大受欢迎是因为它让收入落后的人可以名正言顺46. T he financial crisis will not engrave on people’s minds

forever, and after briefly dropping of corporate profits, the financial sector has restored soon. 金融危机不会被人们永远铭记,金融部门在企业利润率短暂下滑后又得到了恢复。【解析】[L]。细节题。依据题干中的关键词financial crisis 可以将本题定位至[L]段。[L]段第6、7句提到,金融危机会在我们的记忆中逗留一阵子,但是不会是永远。金融部门在企业利润占有率短暂地下降到15%以下之后,便又回升到30%以上。题干中engrave on people ’s minds 是原文stick in our minds 的同义表达。

47. A financial crisis never became a crisis of consumers

because consumer deposits are insured, but large

investors are not, and this eventually let bank go

bankruptcy. 金融危机不会转变为客户危机是因为

客户的存款是有保险的,但是大的投资者却不是这

样,这最终导致了银行破产。【解析】[I]。细节题。依据题干中的关键词consumer deposits 和large investors 可将本题定位至[I]段。[I]段提到,金融危机从未变成消费者危机

是因为消费者的存款是投保的。但是较大的投资者是没有投保的……而由于大家都想倾销资产,这些

资产也就变得不值钱了,随之而来的就是银行破产。题干中and this eventually let bank go bankruptcy 是原文and the banks collapse 的同义表达。48. E conomist admitted that regulators have a sad record of continuous failure.经济学家承认监管部门一直败

绩屡屡很是可悲。【解析】[N]。细节题。依据题干中的关键词failures 可将本题定位至[N]段。[N]段3、4句提到,艾

伦?格林斯潘在四月份回顾那次金融危机时承认说监管部门“很遗憾,向来都是屡屡败绩。历史告诉我们他们并不能预测什么时间、在哪里发生危机,也不能预测损失和溢出效应会有多大。”题干中的continuous failure 是原文中chronic failure 的同意表达。49. A ccording to economist, credit cards were popular because it kept people who were hanging behind happy. 经济学家认为信用卡之所以受欢迎是由于它能让落在后面的人感到幸福。【解析】[G]。细节题。依据题干中的关键词credit cards 可将本题定位至[G]段。[G]段3、4、5 句提到,