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2021高考英语一轮复习Module2TrafficJam课后提能练外研版必修4

Module 2 Traffic Jam

Ⅰ.阅读理解

[2020·桂林市、贺州市调研]

Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them

Holding a mysterious leather suitcase in his hand, Newt Scamander, a young man with magical powers from England, visits New York while he is on his way to Arizona. Inside his expanding suitcase hides a group of diverse and magical creatures that exist among us, ranging from tiny ones to huge ones.

Director:David Yates

Running time:133 min.

Moana

Moana Waialiki is a sea voyaging enthusiast and the only daughter of a chief in a long line of navigators. When her island's fishermen can't catch any fish and the crops fail, she learns that Maui caused them by stealing the heart of Te Fiti. The only way to heal the island is to persuade Maui to return Te Fiti's heart, so Moana sets off on a journey across the Pacific.

Director:Ron Clements

Running time:107 min.

Arrival

When a mysterious spacecraft touches down across the globe, a team led by Louise Banks is brought together to investigate. As mankind is close to global conflict, Banks and the team race against time for answers. To find them, she will take a chance that could threaten her life and quite possibly humanity.

Director:Denis Villeneuve

Running time:116 min.

Finding Dory

Dory is a wide-eyed, blue tang fish who suffers from memory loss every 10 seconds or so. The one thing she can remember is that she somehow became separated from her parents as a child. With help from her friends Nemo and Marlin, Dory starts an adventure to find them. Her journey brings her to the Marine Life Institute, a room that houses diverse ocean species.

Director:Andrew Stanton

Running time:97 min.

1.Which movie lasts the longest time?

A.Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them

B.Moana

C.Arrival

D.Finding Dory

2.What type of the movie Arrival is?

A.Action movie. B.Cartoon.

C.Science Fiction. D.Comedy.

3.Who directs a film about a family reunion?

A.David Yates. B.Ron Clements.

C.Denis Villeneuve. D.Andrew Stanton.

4.What can we learn from the text?

A.Newt Scamander is a magician from New York.

B.Moana Waialiki is interested in going on a journey by sea.

C.Louise Banks leads a team to look into an ordinary spacecraft.

D.Dory was separated from her parents 10 seconds ago.

Ⅱ.完形填空

[2020·湖南六校联考] An evening in October, I landed in Kuching, the capital city of Sarawak in Malaysia. I was an 18-year-old Dubai-raised kid away from home for the first time to start my undergraduate studies.

I had never travelled alone before. I pushed my __1__ and headed for the airport __2__ to find a grey car with the name of my university on it.

As we left the airport, the __3__ began talking to me. As I am a driving __4__ myself, we started talking about cars and driving.

“Never make a Sarawakian __5__,” he warned. “No road rage(路怒). Very dangerous!” Not long into our __6__, the lights of the car behind flashed at us. This continued more aggressively and my driver started to __7__. We pulled over to the roadside. My heart was pounding but I tried to put on a(n) __8__ face as the man from the car came up and made his way to my side of the car. As he reached my window, I __9__ it down and tried to __10__ a smile.

I looked down at his hands to see that he was __11__ my travel bag. It __12__ my passport, a return ticket, as well as cash and letters for the university. I had left it behind on the trolley at the __13__ and this man had been trying to __14__

it to me ever since we had left the airport.

Breathing a huge sigh of __15__, I took my bag and showed __16__ to this stranger. The man welcomed me to Kuching, wished me luck with my university studies and drove away.

This act of kindness __17__ cheered me up and thanks to this honest __18__,the initial self-doubt I had about my decision to __19__ so far away from home was __20__ with hope and excitement.

1.A.presents B.baggage

C.books D.bike

2.A.entrance B.building

C.exit D.hotel

3.A.driver B.teacher

C.tourist D.classmate

4.A.expert B.athlete

C.enthusiast D.coach

5.A.nervous B.curious

C.angry D.excited

6.A.journey B.category

C.adventure D.practice

7.A.shout B.cry

C.laugh D.panic

8.A.serious B.brave

C.honest D.kind

9.A.rolled B.broke

C.closed D.knocked

10.A.draw B.hide

C.imagine D.force

11.A.unfastening B.holding

C.searching D.emptying

12.A.protected B.displayed

C.collected D.contained

13.A.airport B.station

C.supermarket D.harbor

14.A.pass B.deliver

C.offer D.return

15.A.doubt B.regret

C.relief D.sadness

16.A.appreciation B.satisfaction

C.praise D.excitement

17.A.regularly B.normally

C.immediately D.occasionally

18.A.stranger B.student

C.policeman D.attendant

19.A.live B.work

C.play D.study

20.A.filled B.replaced

C.covered D.crowded

Ⅲ.语法填空

[2020·安徽五校联盟第二次检测]Dragon Heads-raising Day, 1.________ falls each year on the second day of the second lunar month, is one of the Chinese traditional festivals. As the proverb goes, “The dragon is awake, 2.________ (raise) its head.” On this day, dragons, a prominent totem(图腾) in Chinese culture, raise

3.________(they) heads with the sound of thunder. Around this time, the earth

4.________ (burst) with life. Grass and trees are beginning to shoot up. In ancient China, people

5.________(pray) beside a river or a lake for the precious spring rain to breed their crops.

6.________ (tradition), food eaten on this day was renamed after parts of the dragon. For instance, wontons were called “dragon's eyes”. The special 7.________ (food) usually eaten on this day include dragon's scales, popcorn and pig's heads.

In Shanxi, people get their hair 8.________ (cut) in a symbolic move to remove the old and embrace the new. In 9.________ countryside in Hebei Province, people would fetch water from a well at dawn. It was believed 10.________ on this day the well was full of dragon eggs which would bring the collector a good harvest.

Ⅳ.短文改错

[2020·辽宁五校协作体高三上学期联考] Last term our class hold a meaningful activity which required us to form the good habit in 100 days. I paired up with my deskmate. First, we discussed what habit that we should develop. All of us agreed to read for half an hour each day. Then we made a list of the books we were

interested. From then on, we managed to spare half an hour every day to reading books, however busy we were. Beside, we took a lot of notes and often exchanged idea. In the end, we accomplished our goal of reading for 100 days. How proudly we were! More importantly, due to the activity, reading books have become an essential part of our life.

课后提能练(二十)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

【语篇解读】本文是一篇应用文,主要介绍了四部电影,包括其主要剧情、导演和时长。

【难句分析】To find them, she will take a chance that could threaten her life and quite possibly humanity.

分析:句中“To find them”为目的状语;“that could threaten her life and quite possibly humanity”为that引导的定语从句,修饰a chance。

译文:为了找到它们,她将冒险前往,这可能会威胁她的生命,甚至很有可能威胁人类。

1.A 考查细节理解。根据这四部电影介绍中的Running time部分可知,持续时间最长的是第一部电影。故选A。

2.C 考查细节理解。根据Arrival部分的内容,尤其是“When a mysterious spacecraft touches down across the globe...to investigate”可知,该电影讲述的是一艘神秘飞船降临地球,从而引发人们一系列的调查。由此可知,该电影属于科幻电影。故选C。

3.D 考查推理判断。根据Finding Dory部分中的“became separated from her parents as a child. With help from her friends Nemo and Marlin, Dory starts an adventure to

find them”可推知,该电影是有关家人团聚的;根据该部分中的“Director:Andrew stanton”可知应选D。

4.B 考查细节理解。根据Moana部分中的“Moana Waialiki is a sea voyaging enthusiast”可知,Moana Waialiki是一位航海爱好者。故选B。

Ⅱ.完形填空

【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。“我”是在迪拜长大的十八岁青年,计划去马来西亚古晋完成大学学业。在古晋机场,“我”的旅行包遗失,没想到一位陌生人驾车追赶我们将“我”的旅行包还给“我”。陌生人的帮助让“我”对未来的学习和生活充满了希望。

【高频词回顾】away from离开undergraduate n.大学生head for朝……行进come up走近make one's way to到……地方去trolley n.手推车thanks to幸亏,由于initial adj.开始的,最初的

1.B 根据上文中的“travelled”和该句中的“the airport”,并结合常识可知,这是“我”的第一次独自远行,“我”推着行李朝着机场出口(exit)走去;B项意为“行李”,故B项正确。

2.C 参见上题解析。C项意为“出口”,故C项正确。

3.A 根据上文可知,前来接“我”的是有“我”大学名字的一辆灰色的车;结合下文中的“we started talking about cars and driving”可知,司机开始和“我”交谈起来。

4.C 根据该句中的“we started talking about cars and driving”可知,我们开始谈论汽车和驾驶;据此可推知,“我”是一名驾驶爱好者;C项意为“爱好者”,故C项正确。A项意为“专家”,B项意为“运动员”,D项意为“教练”,都与语境不符。

5.C 根据下文中的“No road rage(路怒).Very dangerous!”可知,司机警告“我”,不要惹怒这里的人。

6.A 根据上文可知,一辆灰色的车来机场接“我”;结合该句可推知,在我们进入行程不久后,我们后面的一辆汽车向我们闪车灯。A项意为“行程,旅行”,故A项正确;B项意为“种类”;C项意为“冒险”;D项意为“实践”。

7.D 根据该句中的“This continued more aggressively”可知,后面的车继续更猛烈地向我们闪车灯;据此可推知,司机开始“惊慌(panic)”起来。

8.B 结合该句中的“My heart was pounding but”可知,“我”内心虽然害怕,但当那个人走近我们时,“我”还是一副无畏的样子。B项意为“无畏的”,故B项正确。

9.A 当他走近“我”这边时,“我”摇下车窗。roll sth.down/roll down sth.为固定搭配,意为“摇开,旋开”,故A项正确。

10.D 根据上文的内容,并结合该句中的“a smile”可推知,“我”摇下车窗,强装欢笑。D项意为“强装(欢笑)”,故选D。

11.B 根据语境可知,“我”看到他的手里提着“我”的旅行包;B项意为“抓住,

拿着”,故B项正确。A项意为“解开,松开”;C项意为“寻找”;D项意为“倒空”。

12.D 根据语境并结合常识可知,旅行包里装着“我”的护照、一张返程票和现金以及给大学的信件;D项意为“包含,含有,容纳”,故D项正确。A项意为“保护”;B项意为“展示”;C项意为“收集”。

13.A 根据上文内容并结合语境可知,“我”将旅行包忘在机场的手推车里了。

14.D 根据语境可知,自从我们离开机场后,这位男子就驾车追赶我们,要将旅行包还给“我”;D项意为“归还”,故D项正确。A项意为“通过”;B项意为“递送,传送”;C项意为“提供”。

15.C“我”大大地松了一口气,接过旅行包,向这位陌生人表示“感谢(appreciation)”。C项意为“放松”,符合语境。

16.A 参见上题解析。

17.C 根据语境以及该句中的“cheered me up”可知,这一善举立即(immediately)让“我”振奋起来,故C项正确;A项意为“经常”,B项意为“正常地”,D项意为“偶然”,都与文意不符。

18.A 根据上文中的“stranger”,并结合语境可知,由于这位诚实的陌生人的帮助,“我”对于远离家乡来这里“学习(study)”的决定,由最初的自我怀疑到被希望和兴奋“取代(replaced)”了。

19.D 参见上题解析。

20.B 参见第18题解析。replace sth. with sth.为固定搭配,意为“用……替换……”,故B项正确。

Ⅲ.语法填空

【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了农历二月二时中国的传统风俗。

1.which 考查定语从句。分析该句结构可知,空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为“Dragon Heads-raising Day”,空处在从句中作主语,故用which引导该定语从句。

2.raising 考查非谓语动词。该句主语“The dragon”和动词raise为逻辑上的主谓关系,此处作伴随状语,故用其现在分词形式。

3.their 考查代词。空处修饰后面的名词“heads”,故用形容词性物主代词their,表示“他们的头”。

4.is bursting 考查动词的时态。根据常识并结合语境可知,大概就是这个时候,大地生机勃勃。此处考查固定用法be bursting with sth.,表示“充满某物”;且该句主语为“the earth”,为第三人称单数,且此处叙述的为客观情况,故谓语动词用is。故填is bursting。

5.would pray/prayed 考查动词的时态。该处可以看成在古代人们在二月二将要做的动作,故用过去将来时;根据该句的时间状语“In ancient China”可知,该处陈述的是发

生在中国古代的事情,故也可用一般过去时。

6.Traditionally 考查副词。空处修饰整个句子,故用其副词形式。

7.foods 考查名词的数。根据该句中的“include dragon's scales, popcorn and pig's heads”可知,这一天人们吃多种食物,且谓语动词“include”为复数,故空处用food 的复数形式。

8.cut 考查固定句式。分析该句结构可知,get sth. done ,表示“使某事被做”。

9.the 考查冠词。根据语境可知,该处特指“河北的乡下”,故用定冠词the 。

10.that 考查主语从句。分析该句结构可知,该句中的“It”为形式主语,真正主语是空处引导的主语从句;且该从句为陈述句,故用that 引导该主语从句。

Ⅳ.短文改错

Last term our class hold ①held a meaningful activity which required us to form the ②a

good habit in 100 days. I paired up with my deskmate. First, we discussed what habit that we should develop. All ④Both

of us agreed to read for half an hour each day. Then we

made a list of the books we were interested ∧⑤in

. From then on, we managed to spare half

an hour every day to reading ⑥read books, however busy we were. Beside ⑦Besides

, we took a lot of

notes and often exchanged idea ⑧ideas

. In the end, we accomplished our goal of reading for

100 days. How proudly ⑨proud

we were! More importantly, due to the activity, reading books

have ⑩has

become an essential part of our life.

①hold 改为held 。考查动词的时态。根据时间状语“Last term”可知,此处叙述的是过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时。

②the 改为a 。考查冠词。此处表示“养成一个好习惯”,表泛指,且good 的发音以辅音音素开头,故用不定冠词a 。

③删除habit 后的that 。考查宾语从句。分析句子结构可知,discussed 后的宾语从句的引导词为what ,且“what habit”在从句中作宾语,故that 多余,应删除。

④All 改为Both 。考查代词。根据上文提到的“I paired up with my deskmate”可知,此处表示我们俩,故把All 改为Both 。

⑤interested 后加in 。考查介词。be interested in 意为“对……感兴趣”,为固定搭配。

⑥reading 改为read 。考查固定用法。spare sth.to do sth.意为“抽出……做某事”,

为固定用法。

⑦Beside改为Besides。考查副词。根据语境可知,此处应用Besides此处表示“而且”。beside“在旁边”为介词。

⑧idea改为ideas。考查名词的数。idea此处意为“看法,意见”,为可数名词,且此处表示交换观点,根据常识可知,此处表示不止一种观点,故要用名词的复数形式。

⑨proudly改为proud。考查形容词。此处考查感叹句固定句型“How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!”。又谓语为be动词were,故此处用形容词形式。

⑩have改为has。考查主谓一致。分析句子结构可知,此处为动名词短语“reading books”作主语,故谓语动词要用单数形式。

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