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初中英语中考英语阅读理解题速成与提高

初中英语阅读理解题(12篇)

阅读理解 1

Mr. Lee was in bed and was trying to go to sleep when he heard the bell ring. He turned on the light and looked at his clock. It was twelve o'clock. "Who can it be at this time of night?" He thought. He decided to go and find out. So he got of bed, put on his dressing gown (浴袍) and went to the door. When he opened the door, there was nobody there. "That is very strange." Then he went back to his bedroom, took off his dressing gown, got back into bed ,turned off the light and tried to go to sleep.

A few minutes later he heard the bell again. Mr. Lee jumped out of bed very quickly and rushed to the door. He opened it, but again he found no one there. He closed the door and tried not to feel angry. Then he saw a piece of paper on the floor. He picked it up. There were some words on it : "It is now after midnight(午夜), so it is April Fool's Day (禺人节) . April fool to you!"

"Oh , it was the English boy next door!" Mr. Lee exclaimed (惊叫) and almost smiled. He went back to bed and feel asleep at once. The bell did not ring again.

1. When did Mr. Lee go to bed?

He went to bed _______.

A. before twelve o'clock

B. after twelve o'clock

C. when the bell rang

D. when he saw the boy

2. Why did he rush to the door when he heard the bell ring the second

time?

A. He wanted to open the door for the visitor

B. He wanted to find out who the visitor was.

C. He was afraid of the ring

D. He was waiting for someone.

3. From this passage, we learn that we can _______ on April Fool's Day.

A. say "Hello" to each other

B. dance and sing at night

C. play jokes on each other

D. send pressents to children

4. What did Mr. Lee think about the English boy?

He thought he _________.

A. was a good boy

B. was friendly with him

C. shouldn't ring the bell at midnight

D. did a dangerous thing

just now

参考答案:答案及解析:

1.A.此题是一道细节题,文章第一自然段的前三个句子就告

诉了此题的答案。

,此2.B.文中有这样的句子“Who can it be at this time of night?”句说明Mr. Lee 很想知道是谁在午夜时来敲门。

3.C.此题是一道常识题,因为大家都知道在愚人节这天,人们

可相互开玩笑。

4.B.英国男孩和Mr. Lee开玩笑,说明他把Mr. Lee看成朋友,

所以答案是B。

阅读理解 2

Babies love chocolate and sometimes they also eat the paper around

it. My cat enjoys a meal of good, thick paper, old letters, for example. She

does not like newspapers very much

Of course, the best paper comes from wood. Wood comes from trees, and

trees are plants. Vegetables and fruit are plants, too, and we eat a lot of

them. So can we also eat wood and paper?

Scientists say, "All food comes in some way from plants." Well, is

that true? Animals eat grass and grow fat. Then we eat their meat. Little

fish eat little sea-plants, then bigger fish swim along and eat

the ……Chickens eat bits of grass and give us…… Think for a minute. What food does not come from plants in some way?

Scientists can do wonderful things with plants. They can make food

just like meat and cheese. And they can make it without the help of

animals. It is very good food, too. Now they have begun to say, "We

make our paper from wood. We can also make food from wood. The next

thing is not very difficult." What is the next thing? Perhaps i t is—food

from paper. Scientists say, "We can turn paper into food. It will be good, cheap food, too, cheaper than meat or fish or eggs."

So please keep your old books and letters. (Don't feed [喂] your cat.) One day, they will be on your plate, if what scientists say may come true.

1. The writer asks us to keep our old books and letters because _______.

A. they are useful for reading

B. They may be used to feed cats

C. We can make food from them soon

D. we can read them at breakfast

2. From the passage (段落),we can infer(推断) that _______ do not come from plants in some way.

A. few kinds of food

B. meat and fish

C. cheese and chicken

D. wood and paper

参考答案答案及解析:

1.C.本题是细节题,答案可在倒数第一自然段找到。

2.A.文中有这样的句子“What food does not come from plants in some way?”。说明作者认为,不管是什么样的食物,几乎都来自,所以答案是A。

“plants”

阅读理解 3

In England recently three foreign gentlemen came to a bus stop and waited . About five minutes later, the bus they wanted came along.

They were just going to get on when suddenly there was a loud noise behind them. People rushed onto the bus and tried to push them out of the way . Someone shouted at them. The bus conductor came rushing down the stairs to see what all the trouble was about. The three foreigners seem all at sea and looked embarrassed (窘迫的. No one had told them about the British custom (习惯)of lining up for a bus that the first person who arrives at the bus stop is the first person to get on the bus .

Learning the language of a country isn't enough. If you want to have a pleasant visit, find out as much as possible about the manners and customs of your host country. You will probably be surprised just how different they can be from your own. A visitor to India would do well to remember that people there consider it impolite to use the left hand for passing food at table. The left hand is supposed to be used for washing yourself. Also in India, you might see a man shaking his head at another to show that he doesn't agree. But in many parts of India a shake of the head means agreement. Nodding (点头) your head when you are given a drink in Bulgaria will most probably leave you thirsty .

In that country, you shake your head to mean 'yes'— a nod means 'no' . At a meal in countries on the Arabic Peninsula, you will find that

your glass is repeated refilled as soon as you drink up . If you think that you have had enough , you should take the cup or glasses in your hand and give it a little shake from side to side or place your hand over the top.

In Europe it quite usual to cross your legs when you are sitting talking to someone even at an important meeting. Doing this in Thailand, however, could bring about trouble . Also, you should try to avoid (避免)touching the head of an adult (成人) ——it's just not done in Thailand .

1. The British people tried to push the three gentlemen out of the way, because the gentlemen _________ .

A. were foreigners

B. didn't have tickets

C. made a loud noise

D. didn't line up for the bus

2. According to the article, if you want to have a pleasant journey in

a foreign country, you should _________.

A. learn the language of the country

B. understand the manners and customs of the country

C. have enough time and money

D. make friends with the people there

3. In India it is considered impolite ___________.

A. to use the right hand for passing food at table.

B. to pass food with the left hand.

C. to eat food with your hands.

D. to help yourself at table.

4. To cross one's legs at an important meeting in Europe is _______.

A. a common (平常的) habit

B. an important manner

C. a serious (严重的) trouble

D. a bad manner

5. The best title (题目) for this article is ________.

A. People's Everyday Life

B. Mind Your Manners

C. Shaking and Nodding Head

D. Taking a Bus in England

参考答案答案及解析:

1.D。这是一道句子理解题,也可以看成细节题。在第一自然

段的最后,有这样的句子:No one had told them about the British custom of lining up for a bus that the first person who arrives at a bus stop is the first person to get on the bus.从此句可知那三位先生并不知

道在英国乘车的习惯,所以答案是D。

2. B。这是一道细节题。答案在第二自然段的第二个句子。

3.B。同第二题一样,此题也是细节题。可在第二自然段直接找到答案。

4.A。单句理解题。最后一个自然段中有说:In Europe it is quite usual to cross your legs When you are sitting talking to someone even at an important meeting.这个句子的意思是:在欧洲,开会时翘二郎腿

是很常见的。这说明许多人有这样的习惯,所以答案应该是A。

5.B。通读全文就会发现,只学习一门外语是不够的,还要多了

解该国的风俗习惯,否则就会遇到麻烦,所以答案是B。

阅读理解 4

Tom walked into a shop . It bad a sign outside : "Second-hand (旧的) clothes bought and sold . "He was carrying an old pair of trousers and asked the owner of the shop, "How much will you give me for these?" The man looked at them and then said: "Two dollars."

"What !" said Tom. "I had guessed t hey were worth at least five dollars."

"No," said the man, "they aren't worth a cent more than two dollars."

"Well," said Tom, taking two dollars out of his pocket. "Here's your money. These trousers were hanging outside your shop. The list price (标价)of them was six dollars and a half. But I thought that was too much money, so I wanted to find out how much they were really worth."

Then he walked out of the shop with the pair of trousers and disappeared before the shop owner could think of anything to say .

1. At first the owner of the shop thought that Tom __________ .

A. wanted to steal the trousers

B. wanted to sell the trousers

C. wanted to fool him

D. wanted to buy the trousers

2. The owner of the shop_______ for the old trousers .

A. would give Tom two dollars

B. would pay three dollars

C. would pay five dollars

D. would give Tom six dollars and a half

3. The shop owner insisted that the trousers were worth only two dollars because ____ .

A. he wanted to sell them cheaply (廉价地)

B. he wanted to buy them cheaply

C. he didn't like the trousers

D. they were old and dirty

4. In fact, the trousers _________.

A. were hanging inside the shop

B. were stolen by Tom from the shop

C. had been the shop owner's

D. had been Tom's

5. From the story we know that _________ cheaper than the list price.

A. the owner sold the trousers two dollars

B. Tom sold the trousers one dollar and a half

C. the owner bought the trousers three dollars

D. Tom bought the trousers four dollars and a half

参考答案答案及解析:

1.B.Tom拿着一条裤子并且问:“How much will you give me for

店主所以认为Tom是来卖裤子的,故答案是B。

these?”

2.A.此题是细节题,可在第一自然段的末尾找到答案。

3.B.店主当然想便宜地把裤子买下来。

4.C.从短文的倒数第二段可以了解到,裤子不是Tom的而是

店主的。

5.D.裤子的标价是 6.5美元,而Tom只给了店主2美元,所

以答案应该是D。

阅读理解 5

Big Ben

Big Ben is not the name of a man. It is the name of a huge(庞大的)

clock in London. London is the capital of England. This clock has four

faces. So,no matter where you stand,you can read the time on the face of

Big Ben. Each face is the size of a double decker(层)bus. The hands are

about four metres long. It is about the size of two people standing on top

of each other. If you go to London,you may want to visit the Houses of

Parliament(国会大厦). There you will find Big Ben sits at the top of the

clock tower(塔)in the Houses of Parliament. Maybe you will hear it as

,ding

well as see it. The huge clock makes such a loud noise. “Ding dong dong,”it goes every quarter of an hour.

The clock was named after a big man. He was Sir Benjamin Hall.

This man did much building work in London many years ago.

1. Big Ben is ______________.

A. a double decker bus

B. a huge clock

C. the name of Ben

D. a building

2. The clock strikes every _______ of an hour.

A. ten minutes

B. fifteen minutes

C. thirty minutes

D. forty-five minutes

3. You can read the time of Big Ben _________.

A. at the top of the clock tower

B. in the Houses of parliament

C. on the hands of the huge clock

D. on the four faces of the clock

参考答案

1.选B,根据第一行Big Ben is not the name of a man. It is the name of a huge(庞大的)clock in London.可以判断Big Ben是一个大

钟的名字。

2.选B,根据文中“Ding dong,ding dong,” it goes every quarter of an hour. 即可得知大钟每15分钟敲一次。

3.选D,This clock has four faces. So,no matter where you stand,you can read the time on the face of Big Ben.其他三项均不符合题意。

阅读理解 6

The police do many things for us. They help keep our things and us safe. They help keep cars moving safely. They take care of people who are hurt. Then they see these people get to a doctor.

The police go around town to see that everything is all right. They get around town in many ways. Some of them walk or go by car. In some big cities,some of the police ride on horses. It is strange to see these animals in the street.

As they go around town,the police help people. Sometimes they find lost children. They take the children home. If the police see a fight,they put an end to it right away. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell the people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well.

Some police stand at crossings. They tell the cars when to go and when to stop. They make sure that the cars do not go too fast. They help children cross the street. They also help people who can't walk too well.

Without the police,our streets would not be safe. Cars might go too fast and hurt people. Lost people might never be found. The police do a good job. We need them. And we should thank them for a job well done.

根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

1. The police do many things for us. They help keep our things and

us _____.

A. warm

B. clean

C. quiet

D. safe

2. How do some of the police get around in some big cities?

A. By taxi.

B. On horses.

C. By bus.

D. On bikes.

3. In the text,“put an end to” means “____”.

A. stop

B. cut

C. kill

D. fly

4. The text is mainly talking about the _____ of the police.

A. life

B. road

C. job

D. day

参考答案

警1.选D,根据第一段,They help keep our things and us safe.“察可以保障我们安全”,因此选safe。

2.选B,Some of them walk or go by car. In some big cities,some

of the police ride on horses.在一些大城市里面,警察是骑马的,因此选

B。

3.选A,文中划线部分If the police see a fight,they put an end to

it right away.根据句意可以理解为stop。

4.选C,本题是总结全文的main idea,总揽全文,可以知道是

在说警察的职责,因此选job。

阅读理解7

Gadgets for Work and Play

It's 7: 45 in the morning,and 26-year-old Steve Clarkson is going to work. He puts on his jacket,and picks up his mobile phone and laptop. As he leaves the house,he turns on his MP3 player and puts on his headphone. He is ready to go.

Today,for millions of people,gadgets like Clarkson's are a normal part of life. “I'm a reporter for a magazine,and I'm usually not in the office. My mobile phone and laptop help me to do my work both on the

-mails, road and at home,”says Clarkson. Today many people can check e send messages,or surf the Web,using their mobile phones.

Tina Fang is studying photography in New York City. “Some of these gadgets are expensive,but they can save your money in the long run.

I have a digital camera. I can use it to take eighty pictures and shoot video (record an image onto video) at the same time. I listen to music on my MP3 player,and I can download and read books on it,too. I use the camera and MP3 for both learning and fun.”

It's now 9: 45. Steve Clarkson gets an e-mails from his 17-year-old sister. She has a gadget that lets her send e-mails,play games,and take notes.She is in class right now. “I e-mailed her back. I told her to stop

,but playing,and pay attention,” laughs Clarkson. “These gadgets are fun

sometimes they can distract(分散注意力) people,too.” 

1. What is Steve Clarkson?

A. A student.

B. A reporter.

C. A businessman.

D. A computer programmer.

2. Which of the following things is not a gadget?

A. A picture.

B. A laptop.

C. An MP3 player.

D. A mobile phone.

3. When his sister had lessons,Steve told her _____.

A. to pay no attention

B. to e-mail him back right away

C. to stop playing games

D. to listen to music on the MP3 player

参考答案

1.选B,根据第二段中I'm a reporter for a magazine,and I'm usually not in the office.可知Steve Clarkson是个reporter.

2.选A,选项A: a picture不属于gadget,其他三项均在文中提到过,属于gadget。

3.选C,根据文中“I e-mailed her back. I told her to stop playing,and pay attention,”可知选C。

阅读理解8

Have you ever been ill? When you are ill,you must be unhappy because your body becomes hot,and there are pains all over your body. You don't want to work,you stay in bed,feeling very sad.

What makes us ill? It is germs(细菌). Germs are everywhere. They are very small and you can't find them with your eyes,but you can see them with a microscope. They are very small and there could be hundreds of them on a very small thing.

Germs are always found in dirty water. When we look at dirty water under the microscope,we shall see them in it. So your father and mother will not let you drink dirty water.

Germs aren't found only in water. They are found in air and dust. If you cut your finger,if some of the dust from the floor goes into the cut(割开处),some of the germs would go into your finger. Your finger would become big and red,and you will have much pain in it. Sometimes the germs would go into all of your body,and you would have pain everywhere.

根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

1. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. If things are very small,they are germs.

B. If things can't be seen,they must be germs.

C. Germs are only in dirty water.

D. Germs are everywhere around us.

2. What is a microscope used for?

A. Making very small things look much bigger.

B. Making very big things look much smaller.

C. Helping you read some newspapers.

D. Helping you if you can't see things clearly.

3. Why don't your parents let you drink dirty water?

A. You haven't looked at it carefully.

B. Water can't be drunk in this way.

C. There must be lots of germs in it.

D. Water will make you ill.

4. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Germs can be found both in water and in the air.

B. Germs can go into your finger if it is cut.

C. If your temperature is not OK,there must be germs in your body.

D. If your finger isn't cut,there aren't any germs on it.

5. What's the main idea of the passage?

A. Germs may make us ill.

B. Germs are in dirty water.

C. Don't drink dirty water.

D. Take care of your fingers.

参考答案

1.选D,根据第四段中Germs aren't found only in water. They are found in air and dust.可以排除C选项。A,B选项明显不符合题意,

只有选D,并且根据第二段It is germs(细菌). Germs are everywhere.可以确定正确答案。

2.选A,根据文中They are very small and you can't find them with your eyes,but you can see them with a microscope.可以知道microscope 是显微镜。确定选A。

3.选C,文中说到Germs are always found in dirty water.因此父母不让喝脏水。

4.选D,根据文章可以判断A,B,C均为正确答案,而D项不正确,即使手不被割破,也会有细菌的。

5.选A,总揽全文,可以确定答案为A,Germs may make us ill。阅读理解9

Hundreds of years ago,a Roman army came north from England to make war on Scotland. The Scots,a brave people,loved their country very much. They fought hard to drive the enemy out of Scotland,but there were too many Romans. It looked as if the Romans would win.

One night,the leader of Scots marched his soldiers to the top of a hill. “We will rest here tonight,my men,”he said.“Tomorrow we will

fight one more battle. We must win or we will die.”

They were all very tired,so they ate their supper quickly and fell asleep. There were four guards on duty,but they,too,were very tired,and one by one,also fell asleep.

The Romans were not asleep. Quickly they gathered at the foot of the hill. Slowly they climbed up the hillside,taking care not to make a sound. Closer and closer they came to the sleeping Scots. They were almost at the top. A few minutes more,the war would be over. Suddenly,one of them put his foot on a thistle(蓟). He cried out and his sudden cry woke the Scots. In a moment,they were on their feet and ready for battle. The fighting was hard but it did not last long. The Scots wiped out the Romans and saved their country.

The thistle is not a beautiful plant. It has sharp needles all over it. Few people like it. But the people of Scotland liked it so much that they made it their national flower.

根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

1. Hundreds of years ago there was a war between ________.

A. Roman army and North England

B. Roman army and the Scots

C. England and Scots

D. a brave people and the Scots

2. At first it looked as if the Romans would win because ________.