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Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are知识点整理

Unit 3 Could you tell me where the restrooms are?

语法

宾语从句的用法:

1.定义:动词后的句子叫宾语从句。

I think我认为I wonder我想知道He said他说或He said to me 他对我说He asked他问或He asked me他问我He told me他告诉我

2.语序:宾语从句用陈述语序(陈述语序=引导词+肯定句的构成)

①一般现在时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+ is/are/are +其他。或引导词+主

语+ 动词原形/三单+其他

②一般过去时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+was/were+其他。或引导词+主语

+动词的过去式+其他。

③现在进行时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+ is/am/are+ 动词-ing +其他。

④过去进行时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+ was/were+ 动词-ing +其他。

⑤一般将来时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+is/am/are going to+动词原形+其

他。或引导词+主语+will+动词原形+其他。

⑥过去将来时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+was/were going to+动词原形+其

他。或引导词+主语+would+动词原形+其他。

⑦现在完成时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+have/has+动词过去分词+其他。

⑧过去完成时的陈述语序是:引导词+主语+had+动词过去分词+其他。

3.引导词:宾语从句的引导词有三类:

①th
at可省略,不翻译。He says (that) he will study hard next term.

①that可省略,不翻译。He says (that) he will study hard next term.

②if/whether是否I wondered if/whether he would come here.

③特殊疑问词:如what,where,how,when等。

My teacher asked me where I lived.

4.时态:当主句是一般过去时时,宾语从句必须用过去的某种时态(如一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时)

①He does his homework every day.→His mother said that he did his homework

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