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最新人教版英语中考英语阅读理解经典

最新人教版英语中考英语阅读理解经典

一、初三英语阅读理解(含答案详细解析)

1.根据短文内容理解选择正确答案。

C

What is your favorite color? Ask famous persons like Cate Blanchett, Scarlett Johnson, and Bono (singer for the band U2), and maybe they will say “green.” That’s not because these artists like the color green best. Instead, they are interested in green fashion.

Green fashion is about making (and wearing) clothes that are good for humans, animals, and the Earth. In the past, green fashion made people think of ugly clothes. But today, green fashion is different. It is about looking good and caring about the Earth and other people. You can have interesting clothes and be green.

Around the world, green fashion is becoming popular. For example, the U.K. company People Tree sells men’s and women’s clothing and accessories(配搭物). They are made from natural fabrics(织物)like cotton and wool. Workers who make the clothes are from countries like Kenya(肯尼亚), and Bangladesh(孟加拉国). People Tree pays the men and women good money for the clothes they make.

Singer Bono and his wife also started a clothing company called EDUN. When the clothes are sold, EDUN uses most of the money to help people around the world.

(1)From this passage, we know that “green fashion” means________.

A. putting green color on your face

B. making clothes from green trees

C. wearing the color green all the time

D. wearing clothes that are good for the Earth (2)Today, green fashion is ___________.

A. the same as it was in the past

B. making people work harder

C. more popular and interesting

D. mostly popular with famous persons

(3)Which sentence about green clothing companies is true?

A. They are all in Africa.

B. They do not pay their workers well.

C. They make clothes only for women.

D. They use natural fabrics to make clothes.

(4)What does EDUN do?

A. It teaches people to make clothes.

B. It makes interesting clothes for teenagers.

C. It sells clothes and uses the money to help people.

D. It pays people good money for the clothes they make.

【答案】(1)D

(2)C

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】

⑴细节理解。根据第二段Green fashion is about making (and wearing)clothes that are good for humans, animals, and the Earth可知绿色时尚是做或者穿对人、动物和地球有益的衣服。故选D。

⑵细节理解。根据第二段But today, green fashion is different.和第三段Around the world, green fashion is becoming popular可知当今绿色时尚更受欢迎。故选C。

⑶细节理解。根据第三段可知he U.K. company People Tree sells men's and women's clothing and accessories(配搭物). They are made from natural fabrics(织物) like cotton and wool. Workers who make the clothes are from countries like Kenya(肯尼亚), and Bangladesh(孟加拉国). People Tree pays the men and women good money for the clothes they make. 可知他们用天然纤维制作衣服。ABC错误,故选D。

⑷细节理解。跟最后一句When the clothes are sold, EDUN uses most of the money to help people around the world. 可知他们用钱帮助全世界的人们。故选C

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

2.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

B

最新人教版英语中考英语阅读理解经典

Shu Pulong has helped at least 1000 people bitten by snakes. “It was seeing p eople with snake bites that led me to this career,” he said.

In 1963, after his army service, Shu entered a medical school and later became a doctor of Chinese medicine. As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains. There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives.

“I was greatly upset when they told me the story of an old farmer I met. It was a very hot afternoon. The old man was pulling grass in his fields when he felt a pain in his left hand. He at once realized he had been bitten by a poisonous snake. In no time he wrapped(缠绕)a cloth tightly around his arm to stop the poison(毒)getting to his heart. Running home he shouted, `Bring me the knife' Minutes later the man lo st his arm forever.”

“The heartbroken story touched me so much that I decided to devote myself to helping people bitten by snakes.” Shu added, “I worked very hard and tried my best to make a good snake doctor.” And at last he made it.

(1)The best headline(标题)for this newspaper article is .

A. Amazing Medicine

B. Farmer Loses Arm

C. Dangerous Bites

D. Snake Doctor (2)Shu decided to devote himself to snake medicine because .

A. he wanted to save people's arms and legs

B. he had studied it at a medical school

C. he had seen snakes biting people

D. his army service had finished

(3)Why did Shu go into the mountains?

A. He wanted to study snake bites.

B. He wanted to help the farmers.

C. He was being trained to be a doctor.

D. He was expected to serve in the army.

(4)Which of the following can explain the word upset in the third paragraph?

A. sad

B. surprised

C. interested

D. frightened

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】这篇文章主要介绍了著名蛇医苏普隆的故事,文中介绍了他从医的经历和原因,1963年他服完兵役以后,上医学院,稍后成为一名中医,无意中他听说当地很多农民被蛇袭击,为了保全性命,切断胳膊或大腿,因此他决定研究蛇药,取得了巨大成就。

(1)考查主旨大意题。短文主要介绍了著名蛇医苏普隆的故事。故选D。

(2)考查细节理解题。句意为什么决定从事研发蛇药的事业。根据文中There he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives.描述可知。故选A。

(3)考查细节理解题。句意他为什么进山?根据文中As part of his studies he had to work in the mountains.描述可知。作为学习的一项内容他不得不进山。故选C。

(4)词义猜测。句意:当他们跟我讲了老农的故事后我非常的不安。sad伤心的;surprised吃惊的;interested感兴趣的;frightened害怕的。故选A。

【点评】阅读理解考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

3.根据短文内容选择正确答案。

A

Shirley Temple, the once-famous child movie star, died at the age of 85 on February 10, 2014. She was born on April 23, 1928. She was good at acting and dancing. In 1934, she starred(主

演) in the movie Bright Eyes. From then on she became famous around the world. Later she starred in other movies and won a Juvenile Oscar in February, 1935.

For many Americans born in the 1930s and 1940s, Temple was not just an on-screen star but also a close friend in their childhood. She was remembered by the world as “little angle” for all time. An American movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole c ountry during the Great Depression(大萧条).”

Shi Li and Cui Jiping are husband and wife. They are disabled. They completed the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的) dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.

The dictionary includes words on medicine, education, psychology, law, history and culture about deaf people's life. This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.

They spent six years and over 1,000,000 yuan on the book. They first collected material for the book by themselves, then they invited a lot of experts across the country to write.

The book is warmly welcomed by the deaf. One of the readers said, “The book shows that we're not alone. We can have our own way to co mmunicate with the world. ”

(1)From the passage we know that Temple .

A. won a Juvenile Oscar for Bright Eyes

B. began to star in her first movie when she was ten

C. was not an on-screen star

D. was encouraging during the Great Depression

(2)According to the passage, Shi Li and Cui Jiping .

A. are disabled people full of love

B. wrote many famous books

C. finished the book by themselves

D. live a very hard and poor life

(3)Which of the following is TRUE about the book?

A. It is the first world encyclopedic dictionary.

B. Deaf people can know about the world more easily with the help of it.

C. It took them sixteen years to finish the book.

D. It includes medicine and art about the life of deaf people.

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)B

【解析】【分析】本文报道了名人Shirley Temple、Shi Li and Cui Jiping的事迹。Temple曾经著名的儿童电影明星,在1935年2月获得了少年奥斯卡奖,在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple鼓励着整个国家。Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。

(1)细节理解题。根据An American movie star said, “Little Shirley Temple encouraged the whole country during the Great Depression(大萧条).”可知在美国经济大萧条时期,Temple 鼓励着整个国家,故选D。

(2)推理判断题。根据They are disabled. They complete the first Chinese encyclopedic(百科知识的)dictionary for deaf people and people with hearing problems.可知Shi Li and Cui Jiping是残疾人,他们为聋人和听力有障碍的人编写了中国第一本为聋人和听力有障碍的人的百科全书。故推断他么那是在帮助这些残疾人,是有爱心的,故选A。

(3)细节理解题。根据This book provides a learning tool for this special group of people and it helps them know about the world more easily.可知这本书为这群特殊人群提供了一个学习工具,并且帮助他们更容易地了解世界。故选B。

4.阅读理解

Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members don't know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers or sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas.

It is important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking to each other on the phone. The communication is very important in children's growth, because friends can discuss some things that are difficult to say to their family members.

However, parents often try to choose their children's friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends.

Have you ever thought of the following questions?

Who chooses your friends? Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you? Have you got a good friend your parents don't like? Your answers are welcome.

(1)Many teenagers think that can understand them better.

A. friends

B. brothers

C. sisters

D. parents

(2) is very important to teenagers.

A. To make children choose friends

B. Communicating with their friends

C. To stop making friends

D. Making phone calls

(3)When teenagers have something difficult to say to their parents, they usually .

A. stay alone at home

B. fight with their parents

C. discuss with their friends

D. go to their brothers or sisters for help

(4)The underlined sentence "Your answers are welcome." means" ".

A. You are welcome to discuss the questions with us.

B. Your answers are always right.

C. We've got no idea, so your answers are welcome.

D. You can give us all the right answers.【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:许多青少年认为他们生活中最重要的人是他们的朋友。他们相信他们的家人不像他们的朋友那样了解他们。在大家庭里,兄弟姐妹经常互相打架,然后他们只能去朋友那里寻求一些想法。对青少年来说,有一个好朋友或一群朋友是很重要的。即使他们没有和朋友在一起,他们也经常花很多时间打电话。交流他们的感受。然而,父母往往会为孩子选择朋友。有些父母甚至可能阻止他们的孩子去见他们的好朋友。你想过下列问题吗?谁选择你的朋友?你选择你的朋友还是你的朋友选择你?你有父母不喜欢的好朋友吗?欢迎回答。

(1)细节理解题,根据They believe that their family members don't know them as well as their friends do.可知,年轻人认为朋友们能更好的理解他们,故答案是A。

(2)细节理解题,根据The communication is very important in children's growth,可知,对于年轻人来说,与朋友交流时很重要的,故答案是B。

(3)细节理解题,根据friends can discuss some things that are difficult to say to their family members.可知,年轻人跟自己的朋友谈一些难以对父母讨论的问题,故答案是C。(4)句意猜测题,根据短文内容可知,本句话的意思是我们欢迎你的回答来讨论这些问题,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题和句意猜测提。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;句意猜测题则需要结合前后文来理解句子深层次的意思。

5.阅读理解

Students at a primary school in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits.

But some parents are strongly against the idea. They can't see the advantages of students doing such chores(杂事). They think that the school should provide students with a proper education, not the chance to be school cleaners.

In fact, parents, schools and society play an equally(同等地)important role in developing the character of students. It is good for schools to give students such tasks, because few of the students will do them at home. Their parents want them to do homework only. In recent years, some parents will make mountains out of molehills when students are asked to do some chores in schools. Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools' teaching methods and management. As a result, many primary schools, especially those in big cities, do not let students join in outdoor activities during breaks, fearing that they might get hurt. This is bad for the development of students' best qualities.

What the primary school in Fuzhou is doing is worth praising. Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students' minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork. Also, it can make students' in-school experiences more meaningful.

(1)A primary school in Fuzhou required the students to .

A. do homework only

B. finish homework at school

C. clean the playground

D. clean the school toilets

(2)Some parents don't think that the school should provide students with .

A. a proper education

B. a chance to be cleaners

C. a chance to be teachers

D. more housework

(3)The underlined phrase "make mountains out of molehills" means" ".

A. 愚公移山

B. 山穷水尽

C. 小题大做

D. 眉飞色舞(4)What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Students shouldn't do any chores in school.

B. Parents require students to do some chores in school.

C. Some parents think doing some chores is harmful to students.

D. Doing some chores can develop students' good qualities.

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了福州一所小学让学生们打扫厕所来朋友学生的好习惯,对此一些父母的意见及其好处。

(1)细节题。根据Students at a primary school in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits可知福州一所小学让学生们打扫厕所来朋友学生的好习惯,故选D。

(2)细节题。根据They think that the school should provide students with a proper education, not the chance to be school cleaners.可知一些父母认为不应该让学生成为学习清洁工,故选B。

(3)推断题。根据后句Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools' teaching methods and management.一些家长抱怨老师是否孩子在学校受伤,甚至挑战老师的教学方法和管理,所以一些家长容易小题大做,故选C。

(4)主旨题,根据Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students' minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork. Also, it can make students' in-school experiences more meaningful.可知做家务可以培养学生的责任心、团队精神、让学生的在校经历更有意义,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

6.阅读理解

At my primary school, I was one of the smartest kids there. I never studied, but always got perfect scores. I thought I was born clever. At least I believed so. I was also a prodigy in music according to myself. I could sing better than almost everyone else in my school. I was pretty sure that once I got to the sixth grade, everyone would be surprised by me.

But actually, they weren't.

When I arrived at my new class, I couldn't wait to show everyone what I could do. However, there was always someone else who could do better than me. My grades began to suffer. More talented(有天资的)girls often sang solos(独唱). I believed I wasn't smart. I believed I wasn't talented. I believed I was a failure.

Over the next two years, I had to work very hard. Every prize for the best singer was given to me for hard work and effort. Grades were still very poor but they improved little by little. I worked really hard. However, I was never the best at everything.

I haven't realized until recently that I really don't have to be the best at everything. I was too hard on myself. In fact, when I did badly in a test, my classmates never laughed at me.

No one is perfect. There will probably always be someone better than me at something. Anyway, there are about seven billion people in this world. I will never be the No.1 at everything, and that's really okay.

(1)What does the underlined part "a prodigy" probably mean in English?

A. A smart kid.

B. A crazy fan.

C. A common child.

D. A lazy girl.

(2)When the writer was at the new class, ___________.

A. she lost her interest in music

B. she had difficulty in learning

C. she surprised everyone in the class

D. she got separated from her friends

(3)What has the writer realized recently?

A. There is no success without effort.

B. Being talented is the key to success.

C. Don't expect too much of yourself.

D. It's not necessary to care about the result.

(4)Which would be the best title for this passage?

A. When I wasn't perfect

B. My past life as a young girl

C. Hard work doesn't work

D. What to do when you're not perfect

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)C

(4)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:作者通过对自己学习经历的叙述,阐述了"人无完人"的人生道理。

(1)词义猜测题。根据文中句子I could sing better than almost everyone else in my school.可以推断出作者在音乐方面也是一个聪明的孩子,选A。

(2)理解推断题。根据文中的语句When I arrived at my new class, I couldn't wait to show everyone what I could do. However, there was always someone else who could do better than me. My grades began to suffer. 理解可知,作者在新学校,在学习上遇到了困难,故选B。(3)细节理解题。根据文章的第五段I really don't have to be the best at everything.可推断出,作者意识到不要对自己期望太高,故选C。

(4)归纳概括题。本文主要叙述了作者尽力使自己在各方面都很突出,力求完美,结果失败的故事.故选A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题,推理判断题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题,词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

7.阅读理解

最新人教版英语中考英语阅读理解经典

A small robot may help children who are ill in hospital or at home. These children may feel

lonely without their friends or classmates. The robot takes their places at school. Through the robot, the children can hear their teachers and friends.

The robot is called AV1. A Norwegian company called No Isolation created the robot. Dolva explains how the robot AV1 works. She says from home, children use a tablet or phone to start the robot. Then they use the same device to control the robot's movements. At school, the robot becomes their eyes, ears and voice.

"So, it sits at the child's desk in the classroom and the child uses a tablet or a phone to start it and control its movements and talks through it. So it's the eyes, the ears and the voice at school." The robot is equipped with speakers, microphones and cameras that make communication easy. AV1 is large and looks like a human for a reason. Dolva says this is important because the robot is supposed to be a friend of the children. "It can't be just a tiny camera because the other kids can't pick it up and take it with them. This is supposed to be their friend." And robots are, quite simply, cool. Hopefully AV1 will help some children feel less lonely while they are not in class.(1)The children can do the following things EXCEPT __________ through the robot.

A. hearing the teachers

B. talking with their friends

C. doing their homework

D. listening to music

(2)The underlined phrase "is equipped with" in Paragraph 3 has the same meaning as"__________".

A. repairs

B. has

C. enjoys

D. plays

(3)What's the best title for the passage?

A. A new robot helps children feel less lonely

B. How to make yourself feel less lonely

C. A Norwegian company

D. How to use a robot

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)A

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章介绍了挪威一家名为“无隔离”的公司发明的叫AV1机器人。他它可以帮助医院里生病的孩子,免除孩子们的孤独。

(1)细节理解题,根据文章内容可知,孩子们可以用这个机器人听音乐,跟朋友谈话,听老师说话,但是不能做作业,故答案是C。

(2)词义猜测题, is equipped with 是被用……装备的意思,因此它就具有了这些东西,因此是拥有的意思,,故答案是B。

(3)标题判断题,根据文章内容可知,本文介绍了一种帮孩子们减少孤独的机器人,故答案是A。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节理解题、词义猜测题和标题判断题。细节理解题可以直接从文中寻找答案;词义猜测题需要结合具体语境,推出未知单词的意思;标题判断题需要在充分理解文章的基础上归纳文章中心,凝练句式得出结论。

8.阅读理解

A gentleman once advertised (登广告) for a boy to help him in his office, and nearly fifty persons asked for the place. Out of the whole number he chose one in a short time, and sent all the other boys away.

"I would like to know," said a friend, "on what ground you chose that boy. He didn't even have a recommendation (推荐信) with him."

"You are mistaken," said the gentleman, "he had a great many."

"He made his shoes clean when he came in, and closed the door after him, showing that he was orderly (井然有序的)."

"He gave his seat to the disabled old man, showing that he was."

"He took off his cap when he came in. and answered my questions quickly and respectfully (恭敬地), showing that he was polite."

"He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside, showing that he was careful."

"And he waited quietly for his turn, instead of pushing the others aside, showing that he was modest (谦逊的)."

"When I talked with him, I noticed that his clothes were carefully brushed, his hair in nice order, and his teeth as white as milk. When he wrote his name, I noticed that his fingernails were clean, instead of having some untidy personal habits."

"Don't you call these things letters of recommendation? I do, and the things that I can discover about a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, are worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring."

(1)Choose the RIGHT word to complete the sentence in Paragraph 5 according to the context (上下文).

A. kind

B. smart

C. lovely

D. healthy

(2)How did the gentleman know the boy was polite?

A. He made his shoes clean when he came in.

B. He took off his cap when he came in.

C. He waited quietly for his turn.

D. His teeth and fingernails were clean.

(3)The gentleman laid the book on the floor because.

A. he used to be like this

B. he wanted to know who was orderly

C. he tried to know who had tidy personal habits

D. he wanted to test the people who asked for the job

(4)What can you learn from this passage?

A. The gentleman was a foolish man.

B. All gentlemen can choose the right person by using their eyes.

C. Good behavior (行为) and good habits are important to a person.

D. One should pay more attention to his recommendation than to his behavior.

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)D

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文讲述的是一个男孩找工作,在众多的求职者中脱颖而出,这是因为他有着良好的行为习惯和良好的品质。

(1)词义猜测题。根据上一句 He gave his seat to the disabled old man他把座位让给了那位残疾老人,可知他是一个善良的人,故选A。

(2)细节理解题。根据He took off his cap when he came in,and answered my questions quickly and respectfully; showing that he was polite可知,男孩进来时脱下帽子,很快地恭敬地回答了我的问题。所以显示出他很有礼貌,故选B。

(3)细节理解题。根据He lifted up the book which I had purposely (故意地) laid on the floor, and put it on the table, while all the others stepped over it or pushed it aside; showing that he was careful可知,把书放在地上的原因是要测试找工作的人们是否捡起来,故选D。

(4)理解推断题。根据and the things that I can discover a boy by using my eyes for ten minutes, is worth more than all the fine letters that he can bring. 可知从文章中我们可以了解到一个人的良好的行为习惯和良好的品质是重要的,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题,词义推断题和推理判断题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;词义推断题以及判断题都需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出正确选项。

9.阅读理解

A few days ago, I ran into a stranger as he passed by. I said sorry to him. And we were very polite. Then we went on our way after saying goodbye.

Later in the kitchen at home, as I cooked our meal, my daughter Betty walked up to me. When I turned around, I nearly knocked her down. "Get out of the way!" I shouted angrily. She ran away, crying.

That night, when I lay in bed, my husband said to me, "You were so rude to Betty. Go and look around on the kitchen floor, and you'll find some flowers there. Betty brought those for you. She picked them herself—pink, yellow, and your favorite blue."

When I heard this, I thought deeply, "While meeting with a stranger, I was calm and polite, but with my daughter, I was not patient." I felt sad and tears began to fall.

I quietly went to Betty's bed, "Wake up, my dear!" I said. "Are these the flowers you picked for me?" She smiled, "I found them by the tree. I know you like them, especially the blue ones." I said, "I am so sorry that I treated you that way today." And she whispered (悄声说), "Mommy, that's okay. I still love you anyway." I kissed her and said, "I love you, too and 1 do love the flowers."

That day Betty gave me a lesson on how to get along with each other in the family. I spent much time on work and didn't realize how important family life was. I decided to do better in the

future.

(1)What did the writer do when she ran into a man?

A. She got mad at him.

B. She didn't say sorry to him.

C. She said sorry to him politely.

D. She left without saying anything.

(2)Why did the writer feel sorry for what she had done?

A. Because her husband didn't love her.

B. Because her daughter brought her some flowers.

C. Because she used to be friendly to others.

D. Because she spent less time on her family life.

(3)According to the passage, which do you think is I he best title?

A. How to get along with a stranger

B. I love my daughter

C. My daughter gave me a good lesson

D. How to be a polite person

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:主要讲述了发生在自己和女儿之间的一个故事,通过这个故事,让作者决定在将来要更好地对待他人。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中语句A few days ago, I ran into a stranger as he passed by. I said sorry to him. And we were very polite. 几天前,当陌生人走过的时候,我撞到了他,我对他说了对不起,我们非常有礼貌,可知当作者撞到一个陌生人有礼貌地道歉,故选C。(2)推理判断题。阅读第三段可知:可知作者的丈夫告诉她,玛丽为她采了一些花.第四段作者开始对发生的事进行反思,并向女儿道歉,第五段作者下决心要多花点时间与家人相处,I spent much time on work before and didn't realize how important family life was. 可知作者对她所做的事感到难过,因为她花在家庭生活上的时间很少,故选D。

(3)主旨归纳题。文章主要讲作者对陌生人很有礼貌,而对自己的女儿态度非常糟糕,缺乏耐心。而女儿看到漂亮的花时,依然摘来送给她,孩子的一些话深深触动作者的心灵,决定未来要多花些时间陪伴家人,会做得更好。由此可以推断出文章标题:女儿给了我一个很好的教训。故选C。

【点评】查阅读理解。本题主要考查了细节理解题,归纳题以及判断题,做题的时候,先从题目中找到一个关键词,它可以帮助我们很快地定位原文,找到答案。

10.阅读理解

最新人教版英语中考英语阅读理解经典

Sad for his toy, then cried with joy

As his young friend Joe said:

Did you think I would leave you crying When there's room on my horse for two? Climb up here, Jack, and don't be crying I can go just as fast with two

When we grow up we'll both be soldiers And our horses will not be toys

And I wonder if we'll remember

When we were two little boys.mad crowd

Wounded and dying lie

Up goes a shout, a horse rushes out

Out from the crowd, to where Joe lay

Then came a voice he knew: Did you think I would leave you dying

When there's room on my horse for two?

Climb up here, Joe, we'll soon be flying

I can go just as fast with two. Now we are both real soldiers

And our horses are not toys And I remember

When we were two little boys.

(1)What happened to Jack's toy horse?

A. Its head was broken off.

B. It was taken by soldiers.

C. It was broken by Joe.

D. It was lost in the war.

(2)The best word for the blank is .

A. slow

B. hard

C. fast

D. quick

(3)What is the song mainly about ?

A. Dangerous war.

B. Interesting games.

C. Pleasant summer.

D. Valuable friendship.【答案】(1)A

(2)C

(3)D

【解析】【分析】本文是一首诗歌,讲述了两个从小一起玩的小男孩,他们小时候一起玩木头马,Jack的马坏了,Joe就让他一起玩他的玩具马;长大了他们当了士兵去打仗,Jack 受伤了,Joe骑着马把Jack带走了。

(1)细节题。根据短文中Then Jack broke off his horse's head可知Jack的玩具马的头断了,故选A。

(2)推理题。根据诗歌的第二节Long years past很多年过去了,战争来了,这个空与上句话在词尾是押韵的,past的结尾是/st/,因此这个空应填fast,它的结尾音也是/st/,故选C。

(3)主旨题。这篇短文讲述了两个从小一起玩的小男孩,他们小时候一起玩木头马,Jack 的马坏了,Joe就让他一起玩他的玩具马;长大了他们当了士兵去打仗,Jack受伤了,Joe

骑着马来把Jack带走了。从这首诗歌中,我们可以看到两个人珍贵的友谊,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,和主旨题3种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

11.阅读理解

It's a cold, grey Sunday afternoon in March. The British are all working in their gardens. They're digging, cutting leaves and planting new seeds(种子). By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colors.

The British love their gardens. A British newspaper recently asked people for their opinions about them. Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden, and over 50% of these described gardening as the most enjoyable thing they ever did.

Only one in ten houses in Britain do not have a garden. People who live in houses without gardens often rent(租用) land from the government.

At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House or Castle Howard. In the early twentieth century, however, gardening became a hobby. People bought different kinds of seeds and plants for their gardens. Although roses, sunflowers and tomatoes are often grown in British gardens, they originally(起初) grew wild in other countries.

Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win:Britain's biggest carrot is almost six metres long.

(1)In summer, British gardens are often .

A. covered with grey leaves and plants

B. colorful with different plants

C. too hot for people to work there

D. full of people digging there

(2)A recent survey showed that of the British felt it important to do some gardening.

A. around 70%

B. over 50%

C. only 20%

D. about 10%

(3)We can infer from Paragraph 4 that .

A. seeds were provided for free

B. roses were first grown in Britain

C. gardening is a hobby in the world

D. the owner of Chatsworth House was rich

(4)What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence?

A. It is common to grow carrots.

B. It is hard to win the competition.

C. The carrot is much easier to grow.

D. The carrot is their favorite vegetable.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)D

(4)B

【解析】【分析】本文是讲述了英国人喜欢种花园的事情。

(1)细节题。根据By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colours.可知是五颜六色的植物,故选B。

(2)细节题。根据Around 70% of the people felt it was important to spend time in the garden,可知大概70%人们觉得花时间在花园里很重要,故选A。

(3)推理题。根据At first, only very rich people had gardens. You can still see the gardens around houses with a long history, such as Chatsworth House,可知Chatsworth House得主人是富有的,故选D。

(4)词义猜测题。根据Every year, there are competitions for the largest vegetables, but don't expect to win: Britain's biggest carrot is almost six metres long. 可知想要超过6米长的胡萝卜很难,所以赢比赛很难,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意。

12.阅读理解

We often hear stories of animals rescuing people. But now someone has managed to return the favor.

The event took place on a snowy January morning. Thomas Smith was walking his dog, Jack, in the park. "As I was walking, I just saw Jack running into the ice towards the ducks in the middle, and then he fell into the water and couldn't climb out," said Smith. He realized he had no choice but to try and save his dog. "Someone else told me the lake was only one meter deep, but it was at least twice that. I had to break my way through the 6-cm ice. Finally, I got Jack by the neck and pulled him out. I didn't think I had ever felt so cold by the time we got back to dry land. And when we got there, everyone was asking if Jack was okay—no one was particularly worried about me!"

A neighbor, Julie Brown, saw it all happen. "The dog went onto an icy lake. All of a sudden, it started to go under. There were crowds of people around, and they were all shouting and screaming. Before I knew it, the owner (Smith) was in the water forcing his way through the ice, I couldn't imagine how cold it was. Everyone was very nervous, but he was as cool as a cucumber-he just crawled back out, put the dog on its lead, and went home.

Many regard him as a hero, but Mr. Smith is quite laid—back about it, "Most dog owners are the same as me. They would do what I did without a second thought. But in the future, I'm going to make sure he's on a lead near any icy pond.

Pets are members of our family. Would you do the same for them?

(1)What happened on a cold January morning?

A. Mr. Smith met Jack in the park.

B. Mr. Smith ran after Jack on the ice,

C. Jack fell from the ice into the water.

D. Jack played with the ducks in the water.

(2)How did Mr. Smith save Jack?

A. He asked a neighbor for help,

B. He broke the ice and shouted to Jack.

C. He got Jack by the leg and pulled him out.

D. He pulled Jack out of the icy water by the neck.

(3)The underlined phrase "as cool as a cucumber" in Paragraph 3 means "_________".

A. relaxed

B. proud

C. shy

D. brave

(4)In the last paragraph, the writer asks a question to .

A. suggest keeping pets for fun

B. remind people to put their dogs on the leads

C. encourage people to take good care of their pets

D. advise people not to leave their dogs near icy ponds

(5)What is the best title for the passage?

A. A man's pet dog

B. A dog's best friend

C. The danger on the icy lake

D. Suggestions for pets' owners

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)A

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】大意:文章主要讲述了动物与人相互帮助的故事,来鼓励人们好好对待动物。

(1)细节理解题。根据第二段I just saw Jack running into the ice towards the ducks in the middle, and then he fell into the water and couldn't climb out .可知,Jack掉进冰水里了。故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据第二段 Finally, I got Jack by the neck and pulled him out. 可知,他最终通过抓住Jack的脖子把他救出来。故选D。

(3)词义猜测题。根据前文Everyone was very nervous 每个人都很紧张,和转折连词but,可知 as cool as a cucumber 与形容词nervous“紧张的”相反,是放松的意思。故选A。(4)推理判断题。根据前文 Pets are members of our family. 宠物是我们家庭的成员,可知作者提问是为了鼓励人们好好照顾他们的宠物。故选C。

(5)最佳标题题。通读全文可知,文章主要讲述了主人Thomas解救了宠物狗Jack的故事,以此来强调人应该好好对待动物,做动物的朋友,故“一只狗的最好的朋友”为最佳标题。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先快速浏览、分析问题,抓住关键词;其次带着问题通读全文,了解文章大意,找到依据,确定答案;最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

13.阅读理解

Anna was excited about starting her first day in the new school. However, when she first walked past the students in the school, her excitement turned to fear, and then to loneliness(孤

独) over the next few days. "Why didn't anyone say 'hi' to me or invite me to his or her lunch table? Is it because of my clothes or my hair?" she wondered. Almost every day during the first week, Anna stayed alone, thinking that there must have been something wrong with her or that nobody saw her at all!

What caused Anna's problem? The reason was that nobody knew her. Most people don't like talking with strangers. So it's your job to volunteer to make contact with people who you want to know. The easiest way to catch their attention is to notice them first. Make eye contact with them, and smile at them. When you smile at them, you are doing your best to show your kindness to them, and they are sure to understand that you are saying, "Hey, how's everything going?" In this way, you are taking the first step towards the road to friendship.

When Anna realized this, she started talking to her classmates. Guess what happened? It really worked. She had made two friends by the end of the month.

In fact, saying "hi" or making friends with strangers is not hard. And the joy it brings you is really great. So try to open your heart to strangers!

(1)Which of the following shows the change in Anna's feelings?

A. excited→afraid→lonely→happy

B. happy→lonely→sad→proud

C. afraid→relaxed→nervous→happy

D. nervous→angry→happy→sad

(2)The underlined word "contact" in Paragraph 2 means .

A. agree

B. greet

C. praise

D. communicate

(3)According to the writer's opinion, which is the easiest way to catch others' attention?

A. Doing something for them.

B. Making yourself cool.

C. Noticing them first.

D. Talking to them.

(4)What can we learn from the passage?

A. Loneliness is a common problem these days.

B. Teenagers can't get along well with each other.

C. Opening our heart to strangers can help us get friends.

D. It's hard to take the first step towards the road to friendship.

【答案】(1)A

(2)D

(3)C

(4)C

【解析】【分析】文章大意:实例告诉我们在新环境下,怎样改变我们的孤独感。

(1)细节理解题。根据文中的语句Anna was excited about starting her first day in the new school. However, when she first walked past the students in the school, her excitement turned to fear, and then to loneliness(孤独) over the next few days.以及When Anna realized this, she started talking to her classmates. Guess what happened? It really worked. She had made two friends by the end of the month.可知,Anna的心情变化是激动,担心,孤独与开心,故选

A。

(2)词义推断题。根据文中的语句So it's your job to volunteer to make contact with people who you want to know. 可知,contact的含义是联系,故选D。

(3)细节理解题。根据文中的语句The easiest way to catch their attention is to notice them first. 理解可知,最容易引起他们注意的方法是先注意他们。故选C。

(4)理解归纳题。根据文中的语句In fact, saying "hi" or making friends with strangers is not hard. And the joy it brings you is really great. So try to open your heart to strangers!理解可知,敞开心扉,面对陌生人,可以让我们成为好朋友,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文考查细节题和主旨题等常考题型,细节题要注意从文中抓住关键词寻找答案;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出主题句。

14.阅读理解

On Miriam's 9th birthday two years ago, her aunt, who lives in Kenya(肯尼亚), gave money to a group that cares for elephants to celebrate Miriam's birthday. Then Miriam and her mother visited Africa to learn how the group was helping elephants. Later, Miriam fell in love with the animals and wanted to help save them.

A few months after visiting Africa, Miriam watched How I Became an Elephant, a film about the mistreatment of elephants in Thailand, and a young girl's effort to save them. Miriam decided she wanted to raise money to save elephants.

Last year, Miriam created a program called They Deserve(应得) to Be Free after seeing how young elephants are abused in Thailand. She learned how people take a baby elephant, don't give it food or water for days and beat it hard. "It made me really sad. I need to do something useful." Miriam said.

Miriam is working to make money for Elephant Nature Park in Thailand. She asked her friends to give money to the park rather than giving her birthday gifts.

She recently joined about 12 other students in an art center. They made elephants from clay and decorated(装饰) them. Then she created a plan to sell clay elephants.

Kate, Miriam's art teacher, opened her art studio(工作室)to Miriam and her friends on weekends so they could make clay elephants. She even gave them the clay." It's great to see a young student wanting to spend her time on something meaningful. This is what we should all work towards," Kate said.

Miriam says she has sold 180 clay elephants worth 2, 000 dollars, and all of that money has been sent to Elephant Nature Park in Thailand.

(1)Miriam went to Africa to ________.

A. join a group

B. visit her aunt

C. help save elephants

D. learn about the group (2)The underlined word "abused" in Paragraph 3 means .

A. 虐待

B. 杀害

C. 训练

D. 饲养(3)Which of the following is TRUE about Kate from the passage?

A. She was probably very proud of Miriam.

B. She taught Miriam to make clay elephants.

C. She spent time selling clay elephants with Miriam.

D. She was worried that Miriam's plan wouldn't work.

(4)The best title for the passage is probably .

A. Elephants Are in Great Danger

B. Care for Animals, Care for Earth

C. 11-year-old Fights to Save Elephants

D. Protect Animals-Duty of Everyone

【答案】(1)D

(2)A

(3)A

(4)C

【解析】【分析】本文介绍了一个有爱心,为了大象做了很多事情的女孩。

(1)细节题。根据 Then Miriam and her mother visited Africa to learn how the group was helping elephants 可知米里亚姆访问了非洲,为了了解该组织,故选D。

(2)词义猜测题。根据 Miriam created a program called They Deserve(应得) to Be Free after seeing how young elephants are abused in Thailand. She learned how people take a baby elephant, don't give it food or water for days and beat it hard 可知abused,虐待,故选A。(3)推理题。根据 She even gave them the clay." It's great to see a young student wanting to spend her time on something meaningful. This is what we should all work towards," Kate said 可知Kate为,Miriam感到骄傲,故选A。

(4)主旨题。根据本文介绍了一个有爱心,为了大象做了很多事情的女孩,可知标题适合是11-year-old Fights to Save Elephants 11岁的孩子为了拯救大象而战斗,故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题,词义猜测题和主旨题四种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息,词义猜测题需要根据上下文提炼相关信息锁定词意,主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

15.阅读理解

Improve Your Learning Skills!

Want higher marks?

Have an important exam soon?

Come to the workshop and learn how to:

?Read faster

?Take better notes

?Improve yo ur spelling

Wednesday, March 13, 3 pm-5 pm, Room 314

Bring a notebook, a dictionary, and a pencil.

See you there.

A. reading

B. grammar

C. speaking

D. pronunciation

(2)People need to stay in the workshop for ______.

A. one hour

B. two hours

C. three hours

D. four hours