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Comparison of American and English Bill of Rights

Similarities

Both Bills of Rights limit the power of the King/President, protects the people from unjust imprisonment, and guarantees the right to a fair trial. difference

American Bill of Rights English Bill of Rights

Amendment(修正案)I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting(禁止) the free exercise thereof, or abridging(剥夺) the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition申诉the government for a redress of grievances.伸冤Whereas the late King James the Second, by the assistance of divers evil counsellors, judges and ministers employed by him, did endeavour 尽力to subvert and extirpate颠覆和毁灭

the protestant religion and the laws and liberties of this kingdom;

That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king, and all commitments and prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal;

That the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament议会

By causing several good subjects being Protestants新教徒to be disarmed裁军at the same time when papists,天主教徒were both armed and employed contrary to law;

Amendment II

A well regulated militia,民兵being necessary

to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. 违反That the subjects which are Protestants may have arms for their defence suitable to their conditions and as allowed by law;

Amendment III

No sol
dier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. By raising and keeping a standing army within this kingdom in time of peace without consent of Parliament, and quartering soldiers contrary to law;

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. By raising and keeping a standing army within this kingdom in time of peace without consent of Parliament, and quartering soldiers contrary to law;

Amendment VI By prosecutions in the court of King's bench, for

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