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高级英语考试题

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河南农业大学2004~2005学年第二学期 《高级英语》期末试题(A 卷)150分钟

(Grade 2002, July 2005)

高级英语考试题

I. Reading Comprehension (30 points 1×2)

In this section, there are 3 passages followed by 15 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer.

Passage A

Among Bloomberg’s web pages on April 7th appeared a story that looked ordinary enough: pair gain, an American telecom equipment manufacturer, was to be bought by an Israeli company for about twice its market value. The company’s stock price, predictably, rocked from s 8/50 to s 11/3. All fine and normal, except that the story wasn’t true. Somebody had copied Bloomsburg’s logo and layout and posted a bogus report on the Bloomsburg site. When pair gain queried the report, it was taken off, and the share price crashed again. Bloomsburg is now suing unnamed parties who posted the page.

As more and more of life moves on the internet, so the difficulty of distinguishing fact from fiction on it becomes more and more of a worry. This problem springs from the internet’s central virtue: Low barriers to entry. In the real world, being a publisher cost a great deal of money. You have to have manufacturing facilities and distribution networks. So real world publishers have a great deal invested in their reputations and consequently need to be careful about what they print.

On the internet, being a publisher costs next to nothing. Many internet publishers, therefore, have little to lose from printing untruths and plenty of gain in notoriety if the story they put out is sensational enough. What’s more, faking the real world newspaper, which has to be both manufactured and distributed, would be next to impossible; faking an internet page is deadly easy.

Not all the efforts of the lowering of the barriers to entry are bad. Traditional news organizations can be too cautious and too protective of their more powerful sources. Many scandals have been unearthed first by outsiders with scrappy news sheets and little to lose by way of influential contacts. The internet is a golden age for what used to be the newsletter. The downside is the ease with which error spreads.

Rarely, though, falsehood takes the form of international fraud, more
often it appears as malicious gossip, slovenly reporting and Chinese whispers. Last year everybody on the internet knew that Tommy Hilfiger , a fashion designer, had made racist comments on the Operah Winfrey show, except th at he didn’t, Pierre Salinger, former television newsman,

Rarely, though, falsehood takes the form of international fraud, more often it appears as malicious gossip, slovenly reporting and Chinese whispers. Last year everybody on the internet knew that Tommy Hilfiger , a fashion designer, had made racist comments on the Operah Winfrey show, except th at he didn’t, Pierre Salinger, former television newsman,

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