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八年级下册英语(苏教版八年级)8BU2 Grammar 语言点

8BU2 Grammar 语言点

1.have / has been (to), have / has gone (to) 和have / has been (in)三者之间的根本区别:

have / has been to 表示当事人曾经去过某地。

have / has been in 强调当事人在某地待了一段时间。

have / has gone to 说话时当事人不在现场,去了某地。

2. 三者的常见用法

have/ has been (to) + 地点+ 次数

have/ has been (in) + 地点+ 段时间/ 句子

have/ has gone (to) + 地点

eg I have been to Beijing twice. My parents and I have been in Hong Kong for two days.

I heard you’ve gone to Thailand.

★短暂性动词变为延续性动词的现在完成时构成举例:

buy ---- have / has had;borrow---have / has kept

arrive --- have / has been in / at;leave ----have / has been away

open----have / has been open;join---have / has been in/ have / has been a member of die ----have / has been dead marry/get married----have / has been married

come / go----have / has been in / at; begin / start ----have / has been on

finish / stop----have / has been over; fall asleep----have / has been asleep

catch a cold ----have/has had a cold fall ill -----have/has been ill

close----be closed; put on----wear

Ex:

一选择:1.The bus ________________for 20 minutes, so he has to wait for the next one.

. A.has left B.had left C. has been away D. had been away

2.I ______ the league for 5 years so far.

A. joined

B. have joined

C. have been in

D. have gone t

3.How long _____ he _____?

A. died

B. has died

C. has ,been dead

D. did, die

4.He ______ the car a week ago.

A. bought

B. has bought

C. has had

D. buy

5.Since 2000, he _______ his hometown.

A. has left

B. has moved

C. has been away from

D. left

二.填空

Tom and Jack are good friends. Tom ____________(结婚)last year, so Jack ___________(买)him a gift. He ___________(保留)it since then. Tom ____________ (去)many countries. He made lots of friends. But Jack is his best friend. Last month, Jack _________(加入the Football Club. He took part in an exciting football match. So Tom came to watch it. He___________ (来)Nantong for three days. They had a good time together.

三. 单项选择。

1. — Where is Bob? — He ______ to Harbin for a meeting.(2011黑龙江绥化)

A. went

B. has been

C. has gone

2. — May I speak to Lin Tao? — Sorry, he is not in. He ______ to Changsha. (2011湖南怀化)

A. has been

B. has gone

C. went

3. "Where's your brother, Jane?" "He's not in Guiyang these days. He ______ Beijing." (2011贵州贵阳)

A. has gone to

B. has been to

C. had been to

4. — Hello, may I speak to Mr. Smith? — Sorry, he isn't in. He ______ the office. (2012福建福州)

A. has been to

B. has gone to

C. has been away

5. They ______ England and they will be back next week. (2011四川雅安)

A. have gone to

B. have been to

C. have gone in

D. has been on

6. — How well do you know the Opera House?

— I know the place very well. I ______ Sydney many times. (2011江苏泰州)

A. have been in

B. have been to

C. have gone to

D. have arrived in

7. A number of tourists ______ Yangzhou many times because it is such a beautiful city. (2013江苏扬州)

A. have been to

B. has been to

C. has gone to

D. have gone to

8. — Excuse me, is Mr. Green in the office?

— No. He ______ Singapore for a meeting. He will be back in a few days. (2013 江苏宿迁)

A. have gone to

B. has gone to

C. have been to

D. has been to

9. — Did you borrow the comic book from the library?

— Yes, I ______ it fo r three days. I’ll return it this afternoon. (2013 贵州安顺)

A. borrowed

B. kept

C. have borrowed

D. have kept

10. — Why are you worried?

—I’m expecting a call from my daughter. She ______ New York for three days. (2013江苏常州)

A. has gone to

B. has been to

C. has been in

D. has come in

四. 用for和since完成句子。

1. We have lived here _______ 1990.

2. — How long have you studied here? — ______ 5 years.

3. The boy has had a bad cold ______ last night.

4. I have waited ____ two hours.

5. Mr. Huang has kept the books ______ last month.

6. I have taught in the school ________ I came here.

7. We have been friends ______ a long time.

8. I have been in Nanjing ________ eight years.

9. Sally has been away from London________ last Saturday.

10. Our school has changed a lot ______ the new building was built.

11. Tommy has had this motorcycle _______ three years.

12. My parents have been married ______20 years.

五. 同义句转换。

1. The class was over ten minutes ago. The class ___________________ for ten minutes.

2. His grandpa died in 2004. His grandpa ___________________for 10 years.

3.The exhibition has been on for three days. The exhibition __________________ three days ago.

4.My parents got married 25 years ago. My parents __________________ for 25 years.

5. I bought the MP3 last week. I __________ the MP3 for a week.

6. Kitty joined the Reading Club last year. Kitty ___________________the Reading Club since last year.

六. 翻译下列句子。

1. 这些日子你去哪里了?

2. 我父亲已经去上海出差了。

3. 他离开家已经10年了。

4. 足球赛已经开始15分钟了。

5. 他从去年加入了篮球俱乐部。

6. 你去过香港迪士尼乐园几次?

7. 她已经到达公司半个小时了。

8. A: Tony曾经去过法国吗?B: 是的。

A: 他去过埃菲尔铁塔吗?B: 没有。

9. A: 我昨天没看见你。你去哪儿了?

B: 我去电影院了。

A: 你什么时候去电影院的?

B: 昨天下午。

10. A: 你爸爸在哪儿?

B: 他去美国了。他下周回来。

11. A: 他们去印度了吗?

B: 不,没有。他们明天离开。

12. A: 我几天没看见你了. 你去哪儿了?

B: 我去苏格兰(Scotland)参观城堡了。

13.我们买这本书三年了。

14.他感冒三天了。

15.自从上星期我借的这本书。

16.我成为一个学生两年多了。

17.Mr Black死了三年了。

18.小名参军半年了。

19. 我们上了8年学了。

20.下课10分钟了

21.电影开始了一小时了。

22.门打开半小时了