当前位置:文档之家 > 铁路工程英语常用词汇

铁路工程英语常用词汇

铁路工程英语常用词汇

铁路线railway line;railroad line

铁路网railway network;railroad network

铁道科学railway science

铁路技术railway technology

铁路等级railway classification

国有铁路national railway;state railway

地方铁路local railway;regional railway

私有铁路private railway

合资铁路joint investment railway;jointly owned railway

标准轨铁路standard-gage railway

窄轨铁路narrow-gage railway

米轨铁路meter-gage railway

宽轨铁路broad-gage railway

单线铁路single track railway

双线铁路double track railway

多线铁路multiple track railway

重载铁路heavy haul railway

高速铁路high speed railway

电气化铁路;电力铁路electrified railway;electric railway

干线铁路main line railway;trunk railway

市郊铁路suburban railway

地下铁道;地铁subway;metro;underground railway 工业企业铁路industry railway

矿山铁路mine railway

轻轨铁路light railway;light rail

高架铁路elevated railway

单轨铁路;独轨铁路monorail;monorail railway

磁浮铁路magnetic levitation railway;maglev

森林铁路forest railway 山区铁路mountain railway

既有铁路existing railway

新建铁路newly-built railway

改建铁路reconstructed railway

运营铁路railway in operation;operation;operating railway

专用铁路special purpose railway

干线trunk line;main line

支线branch line

铁路专用线railway special line

货运专线railway line for freight traffic;freight special line;freight traffic only line

客运专线railway line for passenger traffic;passenger special line;passenger traffic only line

客货运混合铁路railway line for mixed passenger and freight traffic

铁路运营长度;运营里程operation length of railway;operating distance;revenue length

列车运行图train diagram

铁路建筑长度construction length of railway

区间section

区段district

轨距rail gage;rail gauge

轮重wheel load

轴重axle load

最大轴重maximum allowable axle load

限制轴重axle load limited

限界clearance;gauge

限界图clearance diagram

铁路建筑限界railway construction clearance;structure clearance for railway;railway structure gauge

基本建筑限界fundamental construction clearance;fundamental structure gauge

桥梁建筑限界bridge construction clearance;bridge structure gauge

隧道建筑界限tunnel construction clearance;tunnel structure gauge

铁路机车车辆限界rolling stock clearance for railway;vehicle gauge

机车车辆上部限界clearance limit for upper part of rolling stock

机车车辆下部限界clearance limit for lower part of rolling stock

装载限界loading clearance limit;loading gauge

阔大货物限界clearance limit for freight with exceptional dimension;clearance limit for oversize commodities

接触网限界clearance limit for overhead contract wire

列车与线路相互作用track-train interaction

轮轨关系wheel-rail relation;wheel-rail interaction

粘着系数adhesion coefficient

车轮滑行wheel sliding;wheel skid

车轮空转wheel slipping

牵引种类kinds of traction;category of traction

牵引方式mode of traction

牵引定数tonnage rating;tonnage of traction

装载系数loading coefficient

速度speed

持续速度continuous speed

限制速度limited speed;speed restriction

均衡速度balancing speed

构造速度construction speed;design speed

最高速度maximum speed

临界速度critical speed

重载列车heavy haul train

高速列车high speed train 超长超重列车exceptionally long and heavy train

列车正面冲突train collision

列车尾追train tail collision

列车尾部防护train rear end protection

伸缩运动fore and aft motion

蛇行运动hunting;nosing

列车压缩train running in

列车拉伸train running out

列车分离train separation

列车颠覆train overturning

列车动力学train dynamics

列车空气动力学train acrodynamics

机车车辆振动vibration of rolling stock

纵向振动longitudinal vibration

横向振动lateral vibration

垂向振动vertical vibration

摆滚振动rock-roll vibration

浮沉振动bouncing;vibration

测滚振动rolling ;vibration

测摆振动swaying;vibration

点头振动pitching;nodding

摇头振动yawing;hunting

机车车辆共振resonance of rolling stock

机车车辆冲击impact of rolling

纵向冲击longitudinal impact

横向冲击lateral impact

垂向冲击vertical impact

货运站综合作业自动化automation of synthetic operations at freight station

行车指挥自动化automation of traffic control

编组场综合作业自动化automation of synthetic operations in marshalling yard

铁路运营信息系统railway operation information

system

铁路数据交换系统railway data exchange system

运营系统模拟simulation of operation system

铁路法railway law

铁道法规railway act

铁路条例railway code

铁路技术管理规程regulations of railway technical operation

综合运输comprehensive transport;multi-mode transport;intermode transport

国际铁路联运international railway through traffic

大陆桥;洲际铁路transcontinental railway;intercontinental railway;land-railway

国际联运协定agreement of international through traffic 国际联运议定书protocol of international through traffic 国际铁路联运公约convention of international railway through traffic

铁路新线建设newly-built railway construction

铁路技术改造technical reform of railway;technical renovation of railway;betterment and improvement of railway

铁路主要技术条件main technical standard of railway;main techincal requirement of railway

单位工程unit project

分部工程part project

分项工程item project

预可行性研究pre-feasibility study

项目建议书proposed task of project

可行性研究feasibility study

设计阶段design phase;design stage

三阶段设计three-step design;three-phase design

两阶段设计two-step design;two-phase design

一阶段设计one-step design;one-phase design 初步设计preliminary design

技术设计technical design

扩大初步设计enlarged preliminary design;expanded preliminary design

施工图设计construction detail design;working-drawing design

变更设计altered design

设计概算approximate estimate of design;budgetary estimate of design

个别概算individual approximate estimate

综合概算comprehensive approximate estimate

总概算sum of approximate estimate;total estimate;summary estimate

修正总概算amended sum of approximate estimate;revised general estimate

调整总概算adjusted sum of approximate estimate

投资检算checking of investment

预算定额rating of budget;rating form for budget

概算定额rating of approximate estimate;rating form for estimate

投资估算investment estimate

估算指标index of estimate

机械台班定额rating per machine per team;rating per machine-team

工程直接费direct expense of project;direct cost of project

工程间接费indirect expense of project;indirect cost of project

工程预备费reserve fund of project

设计鉴定certification of design;appraisal of design 竣工决算final accounts of completed project

铁路用地right-of-way

铁路勘测railway reconnaissance

调查测绘survey and drawing of investigation;investigation survey;investigation surveying and sketching

地形调查topographic survey

地貌调查topographic feature survey;geomorphologic survey

地质调查geologic survey

经济调查economic investigation;economic survey

水文地质调查hydrogeologic survey

土石成分调查survey of soil and rock composition

土石物理力学性质physical and mechanical properties of soil and rock

土石分类classification of soil and rock

地基承载力bearing capacity of foundation;bearing capacity of ground;bearing of subgrade

隧道围岩分级classification of tunnel surrounding rock 地质图测绘survey and drawing of geological map;surveying and sketching of geological map

勘探exploration;prospecting

挖探excavation prospecting

钻探boring;exploration drilling

物探geophysical prospecting

室内测试indoor test;laboratory test

原位测试in situ test

静力触探static sounding;static probing;cone penetration test

动力触探试验dynamic penetration test

标准贯入试验standard penetration test

区域地质regional geology

工程地质engineering geology

不良地质unfavorable geology

特殊地质special geology

工程地质条件engineering geologic requirement;engineering geologic condition

气象资料meteorological data

冻结深度freezing depth

地震基本烈度basic intensity of earthquake;seismic basic intensity

工程地质图engineering geological map

地层柱状图column diagram of stratum;graphic logs of strata;drill log of stratum

洪水调查flood survey

河道调查river course survey

冰凌调查ice floe survey;frazil ice survey

汇水区流域特征调查survey of catchment basin characteristics

水文断面hydrologic sectional drawing;hydrologic section;hydrologic cross-section

主河槽main river channel

设计流速design current velocity

设计高程;设计标高design elevation

河流比降slope of river;comparable horizon of river 历史洪水位historic flood level

最高水位highest water level;HWL

通航水位navigation water level;NWL

桥涵水文hydrology of bridge and culvert

水利半径hydraulic radius

桥前壅水高度backwater height in front of bridge;top water level in front of bridge

桥渡勘测设计survey and design of bridge crossing

水面坡度slope of water surface

水文测量hydrological survey

泥石流流域catchment basin of debris flow

分水岭watershed;dividing ridge

汇水面积catchment area;water collecting area;drainage area

洪水频率flood frequency

设计流量design discharge

设计水位design water level

施工水位construction level;construction water level;working water level

设计洪水过程线designed flood hydrograph

容许冲刷allowable scour

一般冲刷general scour

局部冲刷local scour;partial scour

铁路测量railway survey

线路踏勘;草测route reconnaissance

初测preliminary survey

定测location survey;alignment;final location survey 导线测量traversing;traverse survey

光电导线photoelectric traverse

地形测量topographical survey

横断面测量cross leveling;cross-section survey;cross-section leveling

线路测量route survey;profile survey;longitudinal survey

既有线测量;旧线测量survey of existing railway

线路复测repetition survey of existing railway;resurvey of existing railway

测量精度survey precision;precision of survey

均方差;中误差mean square error

最大误差;极限误差maximum error;limiting error 中线测量center line survey

中线桩center line stake

加桩additional stake;plus stake

外移桩shift out stake;stake outward;offset stake

水准点高程测量benchmark leveling

中桩高程测量;中平center stake leveling

曲线控制点curve control point 放线setting-out of route;lay out of route

交点intersection point

副交点auxiliary intersection point

转向角deflection angle

分转向角auxiliary deflection angle

坐标方位角plane-coordinate azimuth

象限角quadrantal angle

经纬距plane rectangular coordinate

断链broken chain

投影断链projection of broken chain

断高broken height

铁路航空摄影测量;铁路航测railway aerial photogrammetry

铁路航空勘测railway aerial surveying

航带设计flight strip design;design of flight strip

铁路工程地质遥感remote sensing of railway engineering geology

测段segment of survey

航测选线aerial surveying alignment

航测外控点field control point of aerophotogrammetry 全球定位系统global positioning system;GPS

像片索引图index of photography

三角测量trigonometric survey;triangulation

精密导线测量precise traverse survey;accurate traverse survey

三角高程测量trigonometric leveling

隧道洞外控制测量ouside tunnel control survey

隧道洞内控制测量in tunnel control survey;through survey

隧道洞口投点horizontal point of tunnel portal;geodetic control point of portal location of adit

桥轴线测量survey of bridge axis

铁路选线railway location;approximate railway

location;location of railway route selection

平原地区选线location in plain region;plain location 越岭选线location of mountain line;location of line in mountain region;location over mountain

山区河谷选线mountain and valley region location;location of line of in mountain and valley region

丘陵地段选线hilly land location;location of line on hilly land

工程地质选线engineering geoligic location of line

线间距distance between centers of tracks;midway between tracks

车站分布distribution of stations

方案比选scheme comparison;route alternative

投资回收期repayment period of capital cost

纸上定线paper location of line

缓坡地段section of easy grade;section of gentle slope 紧坡地段section of sufficient grade

非紧坡地段section of unsufficient grade;section fo insufficient grade

导向线leading line;alignment guiding line

拔起高度;克服高度height of lifting;lifting height;ascent of elevation

横断面选线cross-section method of railway location;location with cross-section method;cross-section method for location of line

展线extension of line;development of line;line development

展线系数coefficient of extension line;coefficient of development line

套线overlapping line

线路平面图track plan;line plan

线路纵断面图track profile;line profile

站坪长度length of station site 站坪坡度grade of station site

控制区间control section;controlling section

最小曲线半径minimum radius of curve

圆曲线circular curve

单曲线simple curve

缓和曲线transition curve;easement curve;spiral transition curve

缓和曲线半截变更率rate of easement curvature;rate of transition curve

复曲线compound curve

同向曲线curves of same sense;adjacent curves in one direction

反向曲线reverse curve;curve of opposite sense

夹直线intermediate straight line;tangent between curves

坡度grade;gradient;slope

人字坡double spur grade

限制坡度ruling grade;limiting grade

加力牵引坡度pusher grade;assisting grade

最大坡度maximum grade

临界坡度critical grade

长大坡度long steep grade;long heavy grade

动力坡度momentum grade

均衡坡度balanced grade

有害地段harmful district

无害地段harmless district

变坡点point of gradient change;breake in grade

坡段grade section

坡段长度length of grade section

坡度差algebraic difference between adjacent gradients 竖曲线vertical curve

分坡平段level stretch between opposite sign gradient

缓和坡度slight grade;flat grade;easy grade

起动缓坡flat gradient for starting

加速缓坡easy gradient for acceleration;accelerating grade

坡度折减compensation of gradient;gradient compensation;grade compensation

曲线折减compensation of curve;curve compesation 隧道坡度折减compensation of gradient in tunnel;compensation grade in tunnel

绕行地段detouring section;round section

换侧;换边change side of double line

容许应力设计法allowable stress design method

破损阶段设计法plastic stage design method

极限状态设计法limit state design method

概率极限状态设计法;可靠度设计法probabilistic limit state design method

地震系数法seismic coefficient method

路基subgrade;road bed;formation subgrade

岩石路基rock subgrade

渗水土路基permeable soil subgrade;pervious embankment

非渗水土路基non-permeable soil subgrade;impervious embankment

特殊土路基subgrade of special soil

软土地区路基subgrade in soft soil zone;subgrade in soft;clay region

泥沼地区路基subgrade in bog zone;subgrade in morass region;subgrade in swampland

膨胀土地区路基;裂土地区路基subgrade in swelling soil zone;subgrade in expansive soil region

盐渍土地区路基subgrade in salty soil zone;subgrade in saline soil region

多年冻土路基subgrade in permafrost soil zone

特殊条件下的路基subgrade under special condition 河滩路堤embankment on plain river beach

滨河路堤embankment on river bank

水库路基subgrade in reservoir;embankment crossing reservoir

崩塌地段路基subgrade in rock fall district;subgrade in collapse zone

岩堆地段路基subgrade in rock deposit zone;subgrade in talus zone;subgrade in scree zone

滑坡地段路基subgrade in slide

岩溶地段路基;喀斯特地段路基subgrade in karst zone 洞穴地段路基subgrade in cavity zone;subgrade in cavern zone

风沙地段路基subgrade in windy and sandy zone;subgrade in desert

雪害地段路基subgrade in snow damage zone;subgrade in snow disaster zone

泥石流地段路基subgrade in debris flow zone

路基横断面subgrade cross-section

路基面subgrade surface;formation

路基面宽度width of the subgrade surface;formation width

路拱road crown;subgrade crown

路肩Road shoulder;subgrade shoulder

路肩高程formation level;shoulder level

路堤embankment;fill

路堑cut;road;cutting

半堤半堑part-cut and part-fill section;cut and fill section

基床subgrade bed;formation

基床表层surface layer of subgrade bed;formation top layer;surface layer of subgrade

基床表层bottom layer of subgrade;formation base layer;bottom layer of subgrade bed

线路工程railway line engineering

铁路勘测;铁道勘测railway reconnaissance

铁路选线;铁道选线railway route selection;railway location;approximate railway location;location of railway route selection

经济勘察economic investigation

地质调查geological survey;geologic survey

方案比较project comparison

铁路勘探;铁道勘探railway exploration

铁路测量;铁道测量railway survey

线路测量route survey;profile survey;longitudinal survey

曲线测量curve survey

既有线测量survey of existing line;survey of existing railway

铁路线路图;铁道线路图railway map

定线location of line

铁路设计;铁道设计railway design

线路设计track design

平面设计plane design

纵断面设计longitudinal section design

横断面设计transverse section design

曲线设计curve design

车站设计station design

站场设计design of stations and yards

标准设计standard design

线路等级line grade

铁路限界;铁道限界railway clearance

建筑限界construction clearance

设计规范code of design

设计标准design standard

铁路线路;铁道线路railway line

铁路曲线;铁道曲线railway curve 缓和曲线transition curve;easement curve;spiral transition curve

小半径曲线small-radius curve

曲线半径curve radius

曲线超高super elevation on curve;cant;elevation of curve

欠超高inadequate super elevation;deficient super elevation

未被平衡加速度unbalanced acceleration

竖曲线vertical curve

坡道gradient

坡度grade;gradient;slope

限制坡度ruling grade;limiting grade

坡度折减grade compensation;compensation of gradient;gradient compensation

避难线refuge siding;catch siding

双线插入段double track interpolation

铁路连接线;铁道连接线railway connecting line

隧道内线路line in tunnel

桥头引线bridge approach

站线siding

站线长度length of station line

铁路标志;铁道标志railway sign

警冲标fouling point indicator;fouling post

线路中心线track center line;central lines of track

线间距离;线间距distance between centers of lines;distance between centers of tracks;midway between tracks 线路试验;线路实验track test;road test;running test 路基subgrade

铁路路基;路基;铁道路基railway subgrade;subgrade 软土路基soft soil subgrade

沙漠路基desert subgrade

冻土路基permafrost subgrade

膨胀土路基subgrade in swelling soil zone

路基基床subgrade bed

路堤embankment;fill

高路堤high-fill embankment

路堑cut;road cutting

深路堑deep cutting

路肩road shoulder;subgrade shoulder

边坡side slope

护坡revetment;slope protection;pitching

路基滑动subgrade slip

滑坡防治landslide preventive treatment

路基排水subgrade drainage

塑料排水板plastic drainage board

路基加固subgrade strengthening

土工织物geotextile

挡土墙;挡墙retaining walls

锚定板anchor plate

锚杆anchor bolt

抗滑桩antiskid pile;anti-slide pile;counter-sliding pile 加筋土reinforced earth

植被vegetation

路基防护subgrade protection

防护工程protective engineering

防护林protection forest

防沙sand proof

固沙stabilization of sand

输导砂sediment transport

路侧建筑物roadside structure

排水沟weeper drain;weep drain;drainage ditch;drain ditch

挡风墙wind-shield wall;wind-break wall

隔声墙sound-proof wall

防雪栅snow fence;snow guard 轨道理论track theory

轨道设计track design

轨道参数track parameter

轨距track gauge;rail gage;rail gauge

轨距加宽track gauge widening

轨底坡cant of rail;rail cant

轨道力学track dynamics;track mechanics

轨道强度track strength

轨道阻力track resistance

道床阻力trackbed resistance;ballast resistance

扣固力fastening force

钢轨应力rail stress

轨道承载力track bearing capacity

轨道稳定性track stability;stability of track

轨道试验;轨道实验track test

轮轨关系wheel-rail interaction;wheel-rail relation

轮轨动力学wheel-rail dynamics

轮轨作用力wheel-rail force

轮轨接触wheel-rail contact

接触应力contact stress

轨道结构track structure

轨道track

铁路轨道;轨道;铁道轨道railway track;track

线路上部建筑;轨道track superstructure;track

重型轨道heavy track

宽轨枕轨道broad sleeper track

板式轨道slab track;slab-track

整体道床轨道monolithic roadbed track

防振轨道anti-vibration track

高架轨道elevated track

无缝线路jointless line;continuously welded rail track;jointless track

桥上轨道结构bridge deck track structure

隧道内轨道结构track structure in tunnel

钢轨steel rail

重型钢轨heavy rail

长钢轨long rail

焊接长钢轨long welded rail

缩短轨shortened rail;standard shortened rail;fabricated short rail used on curves;standard curtailed rail

热处理钢轨heat-treated rail

合金钢轨alloy steels rail

旧钢轨used rail

钢轨钢rail steel

钢轨螺栓孔rail bolt hole

轨缝rail gap;joint gap

钢轨焊缝rail welding seam

钢轨接头rail joint

异型接头compromise joint

伸缩接头expansion joint

焊接接头welding joint;welded joint

绝缘接头track section insulator;insulated joint

胶接接头adhesive joint

鱼尾板fish plate

鱼尾螺栓fish bolt

扣件fastening;rail fastening

弹性扣件elastic fastening;elastic rail fastening

弹条式扣件elastic rod type fastening

分开式扣件separated fastening;separated rail fastening;indirect holding fastening

扣板式扣件clip fastening

刚性扣件rigid fastening

垫圈ring

道钉spike;track spike;rail spike;dog spike

螺纹道钉threading spike;screw spike

垫板tie-plate;tie plate 橡胶垫板rubber tie-plate;rubber tie plate

防爬器anticreeper;anti-creeper;rail anchor

轨距拉杆gauge tie rod

轨下基础underrail foundation;sub-rail foundation;sub-rail track bed

轨枕sleeper;tie;cross tie

木枕wooden sleeper;wooden tie

混凝土枕;砼枕concrete sleeper;concrete tie

轨枕板;宽轨枕sleeper slab;broad sleeper

钢枕steel sleeper;steel tie

合成轨枕composite sleeper

纵向轨枕longitudinal tie

岔枕points sleeper;switch tie;turnout tie

桥枕bridge tie;bridge sleeper

轨排track panel;track skeleton

枕下胶垫rubber pad under sleeper

道床track bed;ballast bed

碎石道床ballast bed

整体道床monolithic track bed;solid bed;integrated ballast bed;monolithic concrete bed

沥青道床bituminous raodbed;asphalt roadbed;asphalt cemented ballast bed

石棉道床asbestos ballast

道碴ballast

道床覆盖ballast cover

轨道附属设备track auxiliary equipment

钢轨涂油器rail lubricator

融雪器snow melter

复轨器replacer;re-railer;rerailing device

脱轨器derailer

车挡bumper;bumper post

道岔switch;point;turnout;switches and crossings

单开道岔single point;simple turnout;lateral turnout

双开道岔double turnout

三开道岔three-throw turnout;symmetrical three throw turnout;three-way turnout

交分道岔slip switch

高速道岔high-speed switch

切线型道岔tangent turnout

道岔设计turnout design

过岔速度switch crossing speed

辙叉frog;crossing

整铸辙叉integrated cast frog

锰钢辙叉manganese steel frog crossing

焊接辙叉welding frog crossing

组合辙叉combined frog;assembled frog

可动心轨辙叉movable point frog;movable-point frog 可动翼轨辙叉movable wing rails;movable-wing frog 核子密度湿度测定determination of nuclear density-moisture

路基承载板测定determination of bearing slab of subgrade

预留沉落量reserve settlement;settlement allowance

反压护道berm with superloading;berm for back pressure;counter swelling berm

石灰砂桩lime sand pile

换土change soil;soil replacement

爆破排淤blasting discharging sedimentation;silt arresting by explosion;discharge of sedimentation by blasting

抛石挤淤throwing stones to packing sedimentation;packing sedimentation by throwing stones;packing up sedimentation by dumping stones

路堑石方爆破rock cutting blasting;rock blasting in cut

定向爆破directional blasting 浅孔爆破shallow hole blasting

深孔爆破deep hole blasting

洞室药包爆破chamber explosive package blasting;chamber blasting

扬弃爆破abandoned blasting;abandonment blasting

抛掷爆破pin-point blasting

松动爆破blasting for loosening rock

药壶爆破pot hole blasting

裸露腰包爆破adobe blasting;contact blasting

路堑边坡cutting slope;side slope of cut

堑顶top of cutting slope;top of cutting

路堑平台platform of cutting;berm in cutting

弃土堆waste bank;bankette;spoil bank

挡土墙retaining wall

重力式挡土墙gravity retaining wall

衡重式挡土墙balance weight retaining wall;gravity retaining wall with relieving platform;balanced type retaining wall

锚定板挡土墙anchored retaining wall by tie rods;anchored bulkhead retaining wall;anchored plate retaining wall

加筋土挡土墙reinforced earth retaining wall;reinforced soil retaining wall

锚杆挡墙anchored bolt retaining wall;anchoraged retaining wall by tie rods

管柱挡墙cylindrical shaft retaining wall

沉井挡墙caisson retaining wall

抗滑桩anti-slide pile;counter-sliding pile

护墙guard wall tielu 铁路施工

护坡slope protection;revertment;pitching

排水沟weep drain;drainage ditch;drain ditch

边沟;侧沟side ditch

天沟gutter;overhead ditch;intercepting ditch

吊沟suspended ditch

跌水hydraulic drop

截水沟intercepting ditch;catch-drain

急流槽chute

排水槽drainage channel

渗水暗沟blind drain

渗水隧洞leak tunnel;permeable tunnel;drainage tunnel

渗井leaching well;seepage well

渗管leaky pipe

平孔排水horizontal hole drainage

反滤层reverse filtration layer;inverted filter;protective filter

检查井inspection well;manhole

砂井;排水砂井sand drain

隔断层insulating course;insulating layer

透水路堤pervious embankment;permeable embankment

渗水路堤immerseable embankment

排水砂垫层sand filled drainage layer;drainage sand blanker

坡面防护slope protection

护岸revetment;shore protection

导流堤diversion dike

拦石墙stone cut off wall;stone falling wall;buttree 落石槽stone falling channel;trough for catching falling rocks

柴排firewood raft;mattress;willow fascine

固沙造林stabilization for sands by afforestation

挡风墙wind-break wall

防风栅栏wind break fence

砂土液化sand liquefaction

中-活载CR-live loading;China railway standard loading

桥梁标准活载standard live load for bridge

桥梁荷载谱bridge load spectrum

换算均布活载equivalent uniform live load

设计荷载design load

主力principal load

恒载dead load

土压力earth load

静水压力hydrostatic pressure

浮力buoyancy

列车活载live load of train

列车离心力centrifugal force of train

列车冲击力;冲击荷载impact force of train

冲击系数coefficient of impact

人行道荷载sidewalk loading

附加力subsidiary load;secondary load

列车制动力braking force of train

列车牵引力tractive force of train

风荷载wind load

列车横向摇摆力lateral swaying force of train

流水压力pressure of water flow

冰压力ice pressure

冻胀力frost heaving force

特殊荷载particular load

船只或排筏的撞击力collision force of ship or raft

地震力seismic force

地震烈度earthquake intensity

地震震级earthquake magnitude

施工荷载constructional loading

荷载组合loading combination

铁路桥railway bridge

公铁两用桥combined bridge;combined highway and railway bridge;combined rail-cum-road bridge

跨线桥;立交桥overpass bridge;grade separation bridge;flyover

高架桥viaduct

旱桥dry bridge

人行桥foot bridge;pedestrian bridge

圬工桥masonry bridge

钢桥steel bridge

铆接钢桥riveted steel bridge

栓焊钢桥bolted and welded steel bridge

全焊钢桥all welded steel bridge

摩擦结合式高强度螺栓high strength friction grip bolt

扭剪式高强度螺栓torshear type high strength blot

螺栓示功扳手bolt wrench with indicator

混凝土桥concrete bridge

钢筋混凝土桥reinforced concrete bridge

预应力混凝土桥prestressed concrete bridge

先张法预应力梁pretensioned prestressed concrete girder 后张法预应力梁post-tensioned prestressed concrete girder

部分预应力混凝土桥partially prestressed concrete bridge

结合梁桥composite beam bridge

低高度梁shallow girder

无碴无枕梁girder without ballast and sleeper

型钢混凝土梁;劲性骨架混凝土梁girder with rolled steel section encased in concrete;skeleton reinforced concrete girder

简支梁桥simply supported beam bridge

连续梁桥continuous beam bridge

悬臂梁桥cantilever beam bridge

板桥slab bridge

空心板桥hollow slab bridge

板梁plate girder 工形梁I-beam

箱形梁box girder

槽形梁trough girder

桁架truss

拆装式桁架demountable truss

刚架桥;刚构桥rigid frame bridge

斜腿刚架桥;斜腿刚构桥strutted beam bridge;slant-legged rigid frame bridge

悬板桥;悬带桥stressed ribbon bridge

悬索桥;吊桥suspension bridge

斜拉桥cable-stayed bridge

浮桥pontoon bridge;floating bridge;bateau bridge 拱桥arch bridge

固端拱;无铰拱fixed-end arch

双铰拱two-hinged arch

三铰拱three-hinged arch

实腹拱spandrel-filled arch;solid-spandrel arch

空腹拱open-spandrel arch

双曲拱two-way curved arch;cross-curved arch

系杆拱;柔性系杆刚性拱tied arch

榔格尔式桥;刚性系杆柔性拱桥Langer bridge;flexible arch bridge with rigid tie

洛泽式桥;直悬杆式刚性拱刚性梁桥Lohse bridge;rigid arch bridge with rigid tie and vertical sespenders

尼尔森桥Nielsen systen bridge

尼尔森式骆泽梁桥;斜悬杆式刚性拱梁桥Nielsen type Lhse bridge;rigid arch bridge with fighd tie and inclined suspenders

活动桥movable bridge

竖旋桥bascule bridge

平旋桥swing bridge

升降桥lift bridge

正交桥right bridge

斜交桥skew bridge

曲线桥curved bridge

曲梁curved beam

特大桥super maior bridge

大桥major bridge

中桥medium bridge

小桥minor bridge

单线桥single track bridge

双线桥double track bridge

多线桥multi-track bridge

正桥;主桥main bridge

引桥approach spans

上承式桥deck bridge

半穿式桥;中承式half through bridge;midheight deck bridge

下承式桥through bridge

双层桥double-deck bridge

永久性桥permanent bridge

临时性桥;便桥temporary bridge

跨径;跨度span

净跨clear spam

桥梁全长overall length of bridge

桥下净空underneath clearance

主梁中心距center to center distance between main girder 节间长度panel length

梁高depth of girder

拱度camber

挠度deflection

节间panel

锚跨;锚孔anchor span

悬跨;吊孔suspended span

桥梁上部结构superstructure

腹板web plate 翼缘flange

翼缘板flange plate

弦杆chord member

腹杆web member

斜杆diagonal member

竖杆vertical member

吊杆suspender hanger

加劲杆stiffener

节点panel point

节点板gusset plate

拼接板splice plate

缀条lacing bar

缀板stay plate;tie plate

侧向水平联结系lateral bracing

横联sway bracing

制动撑架braking bracing

桥门架portal frame

纵梁stringer

横梁floor beam;transverse beam

桥面系floor system

端横梁end floor beam

起重横梁jacking floor beam

梁端缓冲梁auxiliary girder for controlling angle change 应变时效strain ageing

碳当量carbon equivalent

钢丝steel wire

钢丝束bundled steel wires

钢绞线steel strand

钢筋reinforcement;steel bar

箍筋stirrup

纵向钢筋longitudinal reinforcement

弯起钢筋bent-up bar

架立钢筋erection bar

构造钢筋constructional reinforcement

预应力筋tendon

套管sheath

梁腋haunch

拱圈arch ring

拱肋arch rib

拱顶rach crown

拱矢rise of arch

起拱点springing

拱腹soffit

拱腹线intrados

拱背钱extrados

桥塔bridge tower;pylon

索平面cable plane

缆索cable

斜缆stay cable;inclined cable

吊缆suspension cable

索鞍cable saddle

索夹cable band;cable clamp

锚座socket

锚碇anchorage

明桥面open deck;ballastless deck;open floor 桥梁道碴槽ballast trough

道碴桥面ballasted deck;ballasted floor

桥梁护轨guard rall of bridge

桥梁护木guard timber of bridge

桥枕bridge tie;bridge sleeper

桥上人行道sidewalk on bridge

步行板foot plank

避车台refuge platform

伸缩缝expansion joint

正交异性板orthotropic plate

栏杆railing;handrail;handrailing 泻水孔drainage opening

直结轨道track fastened directly to steel girders

抗剪连接件;抗剪结合件shear connector

支座bearing

固定支座fixed bearing

活动支座expension bearing;movable bearing

平板支座plate bearing

摇轴芝座rocker bearing

滚轴支座roller bearing

球面支座spherical bearing

板式橡胶支座laminated rubber bearing

盆式橡胶支座pot rubber bearing

聚四氯乙烯支座poly-tetrafluoroedthylene bearing;PTFE bearing

涡流激振wortex-excited oscillation

弛振galloping

颤振flutter

扰流板spoiler

风嘴wind fairing

桥梁自振周期natural vibration period of bridge

浮运架桥法bridge erection by floating

架桥机架设法erection by bridge girder erecting equipment

顶推式架设法erection by incremental launching

拖拉架设法launching method

赝架式架设法erection with scaffolding

悬臂架设法catilever erection;erection by protrusion

悬臂灌注法cast-in-place cantilever construction;free cantilever segmental concreting with suspended formwork 悬臂拼装法cantilevered assembling constrution;free cantilever erection with segments of precast concrete

预制混凝土构件precast concrete units;precast concrete members

活动模架逐跨施工法segmental span-by-span construction using form traveller

桥梁合龙closure

就地贯注法cast-in-place method;cast-in-situ method 活动吊篮travelling cradle

顶进法jack-in method

旋转法施工;转体施工erection by swing method

液压式张拉千斤顶hydraulic tensioning jack

桥梁下部结构substructure

桥台abutment

重力式桥台gravity abutment

埋置式桥台buried abutment

锚定板式桥台anchor slab abutment

U形桥台U-shaped abutment

耳墙式桥台abutment with cantilevered retaining wall

台身abutment body

前墙front wall

台帽abutment coping

翼墙wing wall

锥体护坡quadrant revetment;truncated cone banking 台后填方filling behind abutment

桥墩pier

空心桥墩hollow pier

实体桥墩solid pier

重力式桥墩gravity pier

柔性桥墩flexible pier

拼装式桥墩assembly pier;pier constructed with precast units

制动墩braking pier

柱式桥墩column pier

V形桥墩V-shaped pier

圆端形桥墩round-ended pier

圆形桥墩circular pier 矩形桥墩rectangular pier

排架式桥墩pile bent pier

墩身pier body;pier shaft

墩帽pier coping

围栏railing around coping of pier or abutment

承台bearing platform

破冰体ice apron;ice-breaking cutwater;ice guard

地基foundation;foundation soil;subgrade

加固地基improved foundation;improved ground

天然地基natural foundation;natural ground

桥梁基础bridge foundation

扩大基础spread foundation

明挖基础open-cut foundation;open excavation foundation

沉井基础open caisson foundation

浮式沉井基础floating caisson foundation

沉井刃脚cutting edge of open caisson

围堰cofferdam

双壁钢围堰钻孔基础double wall steel cofferdam bored foundation

预制钢壳钻孔基础prefabricated steel shell bored foundation

泥浆套沉井法slurry jacket method for sinking caisson

空气幕沉井法air curtain method for sinking caisson

沉箱基础pneumatic caisson foundation

管柱基础tubular column foundation

桩基础pile foundation

预制桩precast pile

就地灌注桩cast-in-place concrete pile;cast-in-situ concrete pile

螺旋喷射桩auger injected pile

摩擦桩friction pile

支承桩bearing pile

钻孔桩bored pile

挖孔桩dug pile

钢桩steel pile

钢管桩steel pipe pile

钢板桩steel sheet pile

板桩sheet pile

木桩timber pile

钢筋混凝土桩reinforced concrete pile

砂桩sand pile

挤密砂桩sand conpaction pile

流砂quick sand;drift sand

送桩pile follower

试桩test pile

斜桩batter pile;raking pile;spur pile

护筒pile casting

重锤夯实法heavy tamping method

灰土换填夯实法mothod of lime-soil replacement and tamping

灌注水下混凝土underwater concreting;concreting with tremie method

导流建筑物regulating structure

丁坝;挑水坝spur dike

顺坝longitudinal dam

河床铺砌river bed paving

码头wharf

排架bent

脚手架scaffold

悬空脚手架hanging stage;hanging scaffold

铁路涵洞railway culvert

涵洞孔径aperture of culvert

管涵pipe culvert

箱涵box culvert

拱涵arch culvert 盖板涵slab culvert

无压力涵洞inlet unsubmerged culvert

压力式涵洞outlet submerged culvert

半压力式涵洞inlet submerged culvert

明渠open channel;open ditch;open drain

倒虹吸管inverted siphon

潮汐河流tidal river

淤积silting;siltation

流冰ice drift

铁路轮渡railway car ferries

轮渡站ferry station

轮渡栈桥ferry trestle bridge

渡轮ferry boat

轮渡引线;轮渡斜引道ferry slip

铁路隧道railway tunnel

山岭隧道mountain tunnel

越岭隧道over mountain line tunnel

水下隧道;水地隧道subaqueous tunnel;underwater tunnel

地铁隧道subway tunne;underground railway tunnel

浅埋隧道shallow tunnel;shallow-depth tunnel;shallow burying tunnel

深埋隧道deep tunnel;deep-depth tunnel;deep burying tunnel

单线隧道single track tunnel

双线隧道double track tunnel

多线隧道multiple track tunnel

车站隧道station tunnel

地铁车站subway station;metro station

特长隧道super long tunnel

长隧道long tunnel

中长隧道medium tunnel

短隧道short tunnel

隧道群tunnel group

地铁工程subway engineering;metro engineering

洞口tunne ladit;tunnel opening

隧道进口tunnel entrance

隧道出口tunnel exit

迎坡;正面坡front slope

洞门tunnel portal

洞门框tunnel portal frame

端墙式洞门end wall tunnel portal

柱式洞门post tunnel portal

翼墙式洞门wing wall tunnel portal

耳墙式洞门ear wall tunnel portal

台阶式洞门bench tunnel portal

正洞门orthonormal tunnel portal;straight tunnel portal 斜洞门skew tunnel portal

明洞门open-cut-tunnel portal;gallery portal

衬砌lining

拱圈arch

边墙side wall

仰拱invert;inverted arch

底板floor

整体式衬砌integral lining

装配式衬砌precast lining;prefabricated lining

模筑衬砌moulded lining

洞口段衬砌lining of tunnel portal section

偏压衬砌unsymmetrically loading lining;eccentrically compressed lining

组合衬砌;复合衬砌composite lining

初期支护primary support

二次衬砌secondary lining

隔离层isolation layer

喷锚衬砌shorcrete bolt lining

下锚段衬砌;接触网锚段衬砌anchor-section lining 挤压混凝土衬砌extruding concrete tunnel lining

隔热层thermal insulation layer

明洞open-cut tunnel;tunnel without cover;gallery

拱形明洞arch open cut tunnel;arch tunnel without cover;arch gallery

棚洞shed tunnel;shed gallery

路堑式明洞cut-type open cut tunnel;cut-type tunnel without cover;cut-type gallery

半路堑式明洞part cut-type open cut tunnel;part cut-type tunnel without cover;part cut-type gallery

抗滑明洞anti-skid-type open cut tunnel;anti-skid-type tunnel without cover;anti-skid-type gallery

盖板式棚洞slab shed tunnel;slab shed gallery

刚架式棚洞framed shed tunnel;framed shed gallery

悬臂式棚洞cantilever shed tunnel;cantilever shed gallery

隧道专家系统expert system of tunnel

围岩surrounding rock

围岩压力pressure of surrounding rock

地层压力ground pressure;stratum pressure

松弛压力relaxation pressure

形变压力deformation pressure

围岩自承能力self-supporting capacity of surrounding rock

坑道自稳时间self-stabilization time of tunnel

弹性抗力elastic resistance

灌浆压力grouting pressure

落石冲击力impact force of falling stone

隧道埋置深度;埋深buried depth of tunnel

地温梯度geothermal dradient

地应力crustal stress

预留变形量deformation allowance

暗挖法subsurface excavation method

明挖法open-cut method

矿山法mining method;mine tunneling method

钻眼爆破法drilling and blasting method

新奥法New Austrian Tunnelling Method;NA TM

喷锚构筑法shotcrete-bolt construction method

掘进机法tunnel boring machine method

盾构法shield method

沉管法immersed tunnelling method

地下连续墙法underground diaphragm wall method;underground wall method;diaphragm wall method

全断面开挖法full-face tunnelling method

分部开挖法partial excavation method

台阶法benching tunnelling method

正台阶法positive benching tunnelling method

反台阶法negative benching tunnelling method

导坑heading

上下导坑法top and bottom heading method

上导坑法top-heading method

漏斗棚架法hopper-shed support tunnelling method

蘑菇形开挖法mushroom-type tunnelling method

侧壁导坑法side heading method

单侧导坑法single side heading method

双侧导坑法twin-side heading method

品字形导坑法top and twin-side bottom heading method 眼睛式开挖法spectacles type tunnelling method

超前导坑advance heading

扩大enlargement

拉槽pull trough;trench excavated

马口excavation of side wall at intervals

控制爆破controlled blasting

光面爆破smooth blasting

预裂爆破presplit blasting

先墙后拱法side wall first lining method 先拱后墙法arch first lining method;flying arch method 开挖工作面excavated surface;excavated work face

超挖overbreak

欠挖underbreak

找顶top cleaning

出碴mucking and removing

有轨运输track transportation

无规运输trackless transportation

拱圈封顶closing the toop of lining

墙顶封口seal;seal at the top of wall

喷射混凝土回弹rebound of shotcrete

隧道贯通tunnel holing-through

隧道贯通误差tunnel through error

隧道贯通面tunnel through plane

临时支护temporary support

构件支撑member support

钢拱支撑steel arch support

喷射混凝土支护shotcrete support

锚杆支护anchor bolt support

喷锚支护shotcrete and rock bolt support

系统锚杆system anchor bolt

超前支护advance support

超前锚杆advance anchor bolt

插板支护inserting plate support;forepoling

小导管预注浆pre-grouting with small duct

管棚支护pipe-shed support;pipe roofing support

格构拱;钢花拱;格棚拱trellis arch;lattice arch

喷射混凝土shotcrete;spray concrete

干喷混凝土dry shotcreting

湿喷混凝土wet shotcreting

潮喷混凝土;半湿喷混凝土half set shotcreting

喷射钢纤维混凝土steel fiber shotcrete;steel fiber reinforced shotcrete

下载Word文档免费下载:

铁路工程英语常用词汇下载

(共34页)