当前位置:文档之家 > 必修一 unit 2 English around the world 集体备课

必修一 unit 2 English around the world 集体备课

z Unit 2 English around the world 集体备课

实际教学过程课时划分建议Period 1 Words study

Period 2 Warming up and skiming

Period 3 Careful reading

Period 4 Words study(2)

Period 5 Using language and listening

Period 6 Grammar

Period 7 Writing

Homework (before learning unit 2):

1.抄单词(subway-such as)

2.阅读《教材全解》p40-45预习新单词和词组

Period 1 Words study(1) Words of warming-up and reading 1 拓展

1.subway n. 地下人行道;

地铁(美)by ~ underground 地铁(英)

by~

2.elevator n.电梯;升降机(美)lift 地铁;升降机(英)

3.petrol n.汽油(英)gasoline 汽油(美)

4.official adj.官方的;正式的;公务的official n.工作人员;政府官员;公务员

office n.办公室

officer n. 军官;警官

5.voyage n.航行;(尤指)航海;航空make a voyage 进行航海;进行航海

go on a voyage (to) 去航海;去航行(表示动作)

Be on a voyage (to) 正在航海;正在航行(状态)

6.because of 因为;由于对比:because(连词)+句子

Because of(介词短语)+n./pron./v.ing

http://www.doczj.com/doc/839f140cccbff121dd368367.htmle up

●走近;赶上;上来

●(太阳、月亮)升起

●被提出,被谈到;引起注意(主语时sth.)

●(尤指意想不到地)发生;出席;参加;到场come up to 达到(标准等),比得上

come up with 说出;提出;提供(主语是sb.) come about 发生

come aross 邂逅;偶遇

come over 走过来;顺便来访

露出地面,发芽come to 达到;苏醒;谈到

come out 出现;(真相)大白;结果是(与

well,right,wrong连用)

8.apartment n. 公寓;单元住宅(美)flat 公寓;单元住宅(英)

9.actually adv.实际上;事实上= as a matter of fact;in reality/fact/truth

actual adj.真实的;实际的

actuality n. 真实;实际

10.base

vt.以......为基础,以......为根据

base...on/upon.... 把......建立在......上

be based on... 以......为根据/基础

n.底部,根基,基础;根据,出发点;基地,根据地(具体含义)basis n.基础(抽象含义)

basic adj.基本的;基础的;根本的basically adv.基本地,主要地;基本上baseball n.棒球

baseroom n.地下室

11.at present

现在;目前present

n.现在;目前

for the present 暂时

in the present 现在;目前;当前

at present=at the present time 目前;现在

n.礼物(=gift)

adj.现存的,当前的(前置定语)

adj.出席的,在场的(后置定语)

be present at ......出席(反义:be absent from) vt.把......交给;颁发

present sth.to sb.把某物交给某人

present sb. With sth. 把某物送给某人present sb. To sb. 把某人介绍给某人presence n. 出席;到场;存在presentation n.赠送;介绍会

12.Danish n.丹麦语

adj.丹麦的;丹麦人的;丹麦语的

Denmark n. 丹麦

13.enrich vt.使富裕;充实;改善en- 构成动词的前缀

enable 、enlarge 等

14.make use of 利用;使用make (full/good/no ) use of ...

http://www.doczj.com/doc/839f140cccbff121dd368367.htmltter n.(刚提及的两者中的)后者(与the连用)

the latter(作主语时,谓语动词的数取决于它所

指代的意义)late adj./adv. 迟(的);晚(的)later adj.后来的,以后的;adv.后来latest adj.最新的;最近的

lately adv.(recently)最近,近来

16.identity n.本身;本体;身份ID (缩写)

ID card 身份证

17.frequent dj.频繁的;常见的

frequently adv.频繁地;经常(=often) 对比频率副词:

always、usually、often、sometimes、occasssionally、seldom、rarely、never

frequency n.发生率;出现率;重复率;频率

18.Malasia n. 马来西亚;马来群岛Malasian n.马来西亚人(Malasians pl.)

Adj.马来西亚的;马来西亚人的

19.such as 例如......;像这种的对比:

such as 列举同类人或物中的几个例子

for example 列举同类人或物种的一个,作为插入

语用逗号隔开,可放句首、句中或句末

Namely 全部列举

注:划线单词和词组为重点知识

Homework:

1.结合《教材全解》p37-p38页预习课本p9-p10的reading THE ROAD TO MODERN

ENGLISH

2.完成课本p10 exercise 1、2、3

3.背10个单词

Period 2 Warming Up&Skimming

Teaching procedures:

Part 1: Warming up

Step 1 :Do you know that there is more than one kind of English? In some important ways they

are every different from one another. They are called world Englishes.

Can you understand the different kinds of English these people are using?

Speaker1: Let?s go to the pictures!

Speaker2: OK. But how shall we go to the movies?

Speaker1: Why not go by underground?

Speaker2: Er, but the subway station is far away.

Step 2:What are the differences between American English and British English

Language points:

1.more than one 不止一个

more than+num.意为“超过,多于”

more than+n. 意为“不只是,不仅仅”

more than+adj./adv./v./分词意为“非常,很”

拓展:

no more than 仅仅,不过(=only)not more than 不超过,至多

less than 不足,不到;少于;一点也不no less than 不少于;多达(强调数量之多)

2.be different from... 与......不同

the diffrence between...and... ......与......的不同之处

3.go to the pictures(英) go to the movies(美)去看电影

4.underground(英)subway(美) 地铁

A

Step 3.Read the 3 dialogues below and then find the different kinds of English.(p13)

1. Little Girl: Hi, I?d like some sweets, please.

Store Owner: No problem. All the candy we sell is sweet.

Little Girl: I see, so you sell sweet sweets.

2. Jim: Let?s take the lorry for a trip into the countryside.

Lori : Of course, I expect you to take me!

Jim: Oh, I?m sorry, Lori, I mean my truck.

3.Speaker1: Do you have any plan this fall?

Speaker2: What? Do you mean this autumn?

When you hear two native speakers of English, they may still not speak the same kind of English. Fill in the table below.

Chinese BrE AmE

秋天autumn fall

公寓flat apartment

汽油petrol gas, gasoline

电梯lift elevator

地铁underground subway

大学university college

垃圾rubbish garbage

假期holiday vacation

Situation discussion

Jack is a British boy. He went to America for a trip in this summer vacation. The first day he went to a restaurant and looked around for a toilet. When he asked the waitress, she told him it is on the second floor. Jack went up two floors only to find empty rooms.

Where is the toilet?

look at the chat below now

British English American English

the ground floor the first floor

the first floor the second floor

the second floor the third floor

the third floor the forth floor

B

Speaker1: Can you tell me how to spell the word “neighbor”?

Speaker2: N-E-I-G-H-B-O-U-R, neighbour.

When you write in English, they may not have the same spelling.

Fill in the table below.

Chinese BrE AmE

邻居neighbour neighbor

劳动labour labor

颜色colour color

幽默humour humor

最喜爱的favourite favorite

剧院theatre theater

千米kilometre kilometer

Part 2:reading and comphrehending (Skimming)

Step 1.Reading Comprehension I

1. The text mainly tells us ___________.

A. that old English is different from the English today

B. how Middle English formed

C. English and its history

D. that English will keep changing

2. The text is developed mainly by ____.

A. place

B. time

C. people

Answers: C B

Step 2.Match the main ideas with each paragraph

1.para.1 A.Native speakers can understand each other

2.para.2 B.The reason why English was changed over time.

3.para.3 C.Many people speak English.

4.para.4 D.English is widely used

5.para.5 E.English was settled.

Homework:

1.周报第二版的READING TASKS、SENTENCE EXPLANATIONS、LOOK BACK

2.背十个单词

Period 3 reading and comphrehending (careful reading)

Step 1. Para.1

People speaking English

1.___________________________.

At the end of the 16th

century

In the next century 2.___________________________

Tody 3.___________________________

Answers:

1.In England;

2.In many other countries.

3.More people speak in more countries than ever before.

Language points:

1.at the end of... 在......(时间)的末期;在......(空间)的末端

2.than ever before 比以前;比从前

Sentence struture:

Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.

【分析】这是一个由连词and连接的并列句。第一个分句是________________

____________________________________________________________________

______,Later in the next century作时间状语,people是主语,from England作定语,made 是谓语动词,voyages是宾语,to conquer other parts of the world是_____ 状语。第二个

分句中because of that是介词短语作原因状语,English是主语,began是谓语动词,不定

式短语__________________________________ 作宾语。

【仿写】

后来,在随后的十年里那个地区的人努力开展植树造林。于是,森林覆盖面积扩大了。Step 2.Para.2

If an American is talking to an Englishman, _______.

A. They will have almost no difficulty in understanding

B. They will have a lot of misunderstandings between each other

C. The American finds it difficult to understand the Englishman

D. The English man finds it difficult to follow the American

Language points :

1.even if(=even though) 即使;虽然

对比:

even if 引导让步状语从句;

if 引导条件状语从句;

as if/ though “似乎是……”引导方式状语从句

2.would you like to ........?

想要做某事

Sentence struture:

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don?t speak the same kind of English.

【分析】这是一个复合句,Native English speakers can understand each other是主句,______ 引导的是让步状语从句。

【仿写】一个意志坚强的人,即使他面对失败,也是不会灰心的。

Step 3.para.3.

AD 450-1150English was based more on _______.

AD 800-1150 English was based more on _______.

In the 1600s English became ____ like German Because

those

who _____ England spoke first Danish and

later French.

In 1620 Some British settlers moved to ________.

Later in the 18th century Some British people were taken to

_________.

Language points:

1.settler n. 殖民者;移居者

settle vt.解决;定居;安排

settlement n.解决;处理

Sentence struture:

1. first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.

[分析] 此句看起来复杂,但实际上是一个简单句,即:the English... was different from the English..., at first 在句中作状语,spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150以及spoken today都是过去分词短语作后置定语,用来修饰中心词the English,表示被动关系。仿写:The speech_____________________________________ was a great success.

那个教授所作的演讲很成功。

2.Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French.

【分析】这是一个复合句,English became less like German是主句,Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150在主句中作状语,because引导原因状语从句,该从句中还包含了一个定语从句_________________,修饰those。

【仿写】然后,渐渐地,他对英语这门功课产生了浓厚的兴趣,因为他发现英语是一种很美的语言。

Step.4.Para.4.

By 19th century ,the English language was________. Two big changes in _______________ happened: Samuel Johnson wrote his __________ and Noah Webster wrote ________________________________________________

Language points:

1.at that time 在那时

2.separate adj.分开的;单独的

Step 5.Para.5.

1765-1947English became the language for

_________________________.

Now English is also spoken as a foreign or second

language _____________,

___________, ______ and so on.

Language points:

1.the number of ... ......的数目(谓语动词用单数)

a number of... 许多...... (谓语动词用复数)

Step.6 .Look back

(周报第二期第二版)

Homework:

1.周报第四版part 1

2.课本p11 learning about language

3.背十个单词

Period 4 words study (2)

Words of Learning about Language and Using

Language

拓展

usage n.使用;用法use v. 使用

Command

n.命令,指令;控制;掌握;运用能力vt.命令;指挥command sb. To do sth.

命令某人做某事

command...(should+)do

命令......

注:command作“命令”讲(动词或名词),后接从句时,从句要用虚拟语气(should)do

request

n.请求;要求vt.请求;要求request sth.(from sb.)

(向某人)要求、询求某物

注:后跟从句要用虚拟语气

后跟名词性从句,从句须用虚拟语气:一个坚持(insist)

两道命令(order,command)

三条建议(suggest,propose,advise)

四点要求(demand,desire,request,require)

expression n.词语;表达;表示;表情;神色express v. 表达;表白

n.快车;特快专递

adj.明确的;特快的

expressive adj.富有表情的;有表现力的midwestern -tern 形容词后缀

African Africa 非洲

Spainish Spain 西班牙

play a part in 在...中起作用;参与......;在......

中扮演角色play a part in =have a part in = play a role in take/have/play no part in... 未参与...... take part in ... 参加......

recognize vt. 辨认出;承认recognize sb./sth. To be...

=recognize sb./sth. as...承认......是......

recognize that... 承认......

recognizable adj.容易认出的;易于辨识的

recognition n.认出;认识;识别

straight

adv.直接;径直;立即;笔直地;直线地adj.直的;坦诚的;正直的stand straight 直立

straight away 立刻;马上

a straight road/line 直路/直线

be straight with sb. 真诚对待某人

Homework:1.抄完剩下的单词

2.背十个单词

Period 5 using language and listening

Part http://www.doczj.com/doc/839f140cccbff121dd368367.htmling language

Step 1. Read the passage and answer the questions.

1.Why are there so many dialects in the US?

Answer:Because people have come from all over the world. Geography also plays a part in making dialects.

2. What?s the standard English?

Answer:It?s believed to be the English spoken on TV and the radio.

Step http://www.doczj.com/doc/839f140cccbff121dd368367.htmlnguage points and sentence strutures:

1.standard

(n.)标准, 规格

(adj.) 标准的

meet standard 符合标准

standard of living 生活水平

on a standard 根据某一标准

2. believe it or not 信不信由你

3.This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.

这是一个主从复合句。主句是This is, 从句是由because引导的表语从句: those were expected to speak excellent English. 在表语从句中又含有一个由who引导的定语从句,修饰表语从句的主语those。

当一个句子的主语为this, that或it时,可以用because引导表语从句。如:

That is because he doesn?t like coffee.

那是因为他不喜欢咖啡。

4.However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.

the way后面接定语从句时, 关系代词用that/in which或不用关系代词。

5.especially 尤其, 表达事物不寻常或特别重要

specially 专门(指专为某一目的)

Part 2.listening(课本P14)

Dialectic words from Buford’s story Standard English equivalents

hey

y?all

ain?t

yer

ya

pup swimmin?jumpin?feelin?…bout …nough hello everyone aren?t your

you

child swimming jumping feeling about enough

shoulda seen got outta should have seen got out of

Homework:

1.周报第四版part 3

2.阅读周报第二版grammar部分以及课本p89第二点

3.背十个单词

Period 6.Grammar

Direct & Indirect Speech Command and Request

Step1. Review

Rewrite the sentences in indirect speech.

1. Tom said, “I don?t like swimming.” Tom said that he didn?t like swimming.

2. He asked, “Do you like the book Harry Potter?” He asked me whether I like the book Harry Potter.

Step 2. Classify them into commands and requests.

Correct your spelling mistakes. (Command)

How do you spell that please? (Request)

Do that now! (Command)

Would you please speak more slowly? (Request)

Go and buy some more petrol! (Command)

Please? (Request)

Go and ? (Command)

Can I please? (Request)

Can I sit here and wait for the doctor? (Request)

Would you please? (Request)

Hold that elevator! (Command)

Say that again! (Command)

Could you repeat the sentence? (Request)

Take the dog for a walk! (Command)

Step 3.Direct & Indirect Speech直接引语为祈使句变间接引语时的规律:

1.直接引语是表示命令、要求、请求的祈使句的变化。

The hostess said to us, “Please sit down.”

The hostess asked us to sit down.

转述这类祈使句时,要将祈使句动词的原形变为带to的不定式,并在不定式的前面根据句子的意思加上tell, ask, order等动词。

2.如果祈使句为否定式,在不定式的前面加not。

tell sb. to do sth.

tell sb. not to do sth.

“Don?t make so much noise in class, boys and girls” said the teacher.

The teacher told the boys and girls not to make so much noise in class.

Step 4. Do some exercises.(课本P12 exercise 2)

The children said to their teacher: “Would you please sing a song for us?

The mother said to her child: “T urn off the radio!”

The dentist said to a patient: “Open your mouth please, so I can see the bad tooth clearly.”The secretary said to the woman on the phone: “W ould you hold on for a minute”

John said t o his classmates: “C an I borrow your pen please”

The teacher said to his student: “ C ome up to my office!”

Step 5.补充

感叹句的直接引语变为间接引语时, 引导词用该感叹句的引导词_________, 也可以用_____来引导。

⑴He said, “What a crazy girl she is!”

He said that she was a crazy girl.

He said what a crazy girl she was.

Homework:

1.周报第四版part 2

2.背十个单词

Period 7 .Writing

(周报第三版)