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品质术语

品质术语-中英文对照

英文缩写中文名称英文全名

SPC 统计制程管制Statistical Process Control

USL 规格上限Upper Specification Limit

LSL 规格下限Lower Specification Limit

UCL 管制上限Upper control limit

LCL 管制下限Lower control limit

PCL 前置管制中心限Per-control Central Limit UPCL 前置管制上限Upper Per-control Limit

LPCL 前置管制下限Lower Per-control Limit

Ca

Cp

Pp

Ppk

Continuous Improvement Process Model

ANOV A 变异数分析Analysis of Variance

BSC 平衡计分卡Balanced Scoredoard

信赖区间Confidence interval

管制图Control chart

CTQ 品质关键Critical to quality

DPMO 每百万个机会的缺点数Defects per million opportunities

DPM 每百万单位的缺点数Defects per million

DPU 单位缺点数Defects per unit

DFSS 六个希格玛设计Design for six sigma

DOE 实验设计Design of experiment

制造设计Design of manufactring

FMEA 故障型态与效应分析Failure mode and effect analysis

故障率Failure rate

Gage R & R 量规重复能力与重制能力Gage repeatability & reproducibility

直方图Histogram

假设检定Hypothesis testing

KM 知识管理Knowledge Management

MRP 物料需求规划Material require planning 常态分配Normal distribution

QFD 品质机能展开Quality function deployment

6 σ六个希格玛Six Sigma

σ, s标准差Standard deviation σ2, S2变异数Variance

ABC 作业制成本制度Activity-Based Costing

BTF 计划生产Build To Forecast

BTO 订单生产Build To Order

CPM 要径法Critical Path Method

CPM 每一百万个使用者会有几次抱怨Complaint per Million

CRM 客户关系管理Customer Relationship Management

CRP 产能需求规划Capacity Requirements Planning CS 顾客满意度Customer Satisfaction

CTO 客制化生产Configuration To Order

DVT 设计验证Design Verification Testing

DSS 决策支持系统Decision Support System

EC 设计变更/工程变更Engineer Change

EC 电子商务Electronic Commerce

EMC 电磁兼容Electric Magnetic Capability

EOQ 基本经济订购量Economic Order Quantity ERP 企业资源规划Enterprise Resource Planning FMS 弹性制造系统Flexible Manufacture System FQC 成品品质管制Finish or Final Quality Control IPQC 制程品质管制In-Process Quality Control

IQC 进料品质管制Incoming Quality Control

ISO 国际标准组织International Organization for Standardization

ISAR 首批样品认可Initial Sample Approval Request JIT 实时管理Just In Time

MES 制造执行系统Manufacturing Execution System MO 制令Manufacture Order

MPS 主生产排程Master Production Schedule

MRO 请修(购)单Maintenance Repair Operation MRP 物料需求规划Material Requirement Planning MRPII 制造资源计划Manufacturing Resource Planning

NFCF 更改预估量的通知Notice for Changing Forecast

OEM 委托代工Original Equipment Manufacture ODM 委托设计与制造Original Design & Manufacture

OPT 最佳生产技术Optimized Production Technology OQC 出货品质管制Out-going Quality Control PDCA PDCA管理循环Plan-Do-Check-Action

PO 订单Purchase Order

QA 品质保证Quality Assurance

QC 品质管制Quality Control

QCC 品管圈Quality Control Circle

QE 品质工程Quality Engineering

RMA 退货验收Returned Material Approval

ROP 再订购点Re-Order Point

SCM 供应链管理Supply Chain Management

SFC 现场控制Shop Floor Control

SO 订单Sales Order

SOR 特殊订单需求Special Order Request

TOC 限制理论Theory of Constraints

TPM 全面生产管理Total Production Management TQC 全面品质管制Total Quality Control

TQM 全面品质管理Total Quality Management

WIP 在制品Work In Process

5S Sort, Storage, Shine, Standardize, Sustain

A Part

ABC Activity Based Costing

ABM Activity Based Management

APS Advanced Planning System

AOP Annual Operating Plan

APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning

ASQ/AIAG American Society of Quality/Automotive Industry Action Group

B Part

BOM Bill of Material

C Part

CAD Computer Added Design

CAM Computer Added Manufacturing

CNC Computer Numerically Controlled

COPQ Cost of Poor Quality

Cpk Capability Index for Stable Process

D Part

DFM Design for Manufacturability

DFX Brings Six Sigma tools to the design process. DFX includes:

DFM (Design for Manufacturing),

DFC (Design for Cost),

DFT (Design for Test),

DFS (Design for Service) DOE Design of Experiments

E Part

EDI Electronic Data Interchange

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

ESI Early Supplier Involvement

F Part

FAI First Article Inspection

FMEA Failure Modes and Effects Analysis

G Part

G&A General & Administrative

GR&R Gage Repeatability & Reproducibility

H Part

HS&E Health Safety and Environment

I Part

IPDS Integrated Product & Development System ISO International Standards Organization

ISW Initial Sample Warrant

L Part

L/T Lead Time

M Part

MPS Master Production Schedule

MRP Material Resource Planning

MSA Measurement System Analysis

MSDS Material Data Safety Sheets

N Part

NPD New Product Development

NRE Non Reoccurring Engineering

O Part

OHSA Occupational Heath and Safety Act

P Part

PEP Product Excellence Process

PFMEA Process Failure Modes and Effects Analysis P/N Part Number

PPM Parts Per Million

PPAP Production Part Approval Process

Q Part

QS-9000 Quality System Requirements (Automotive)

R Part

RCCA Root Cause and Corrective Action

RCCP Rough Cut Capacity Planning

RFQ Request for Quote

RMA Returned Material Authorization

S Part

SA VE Supply Chain Assisted Value Engineering SIOP Sales, Inventory & Operations Planning

SLT Short Lead Time

SOP Sales and Operations Planning

SPC Statistical Process Control

SPRS Supplier Performance Rating System

STS Ship to Stock

T Part

TPM Total Preventative Maintenance

TQ Total Quality

TSCA Toxic Substance Control Act

W Part

WIP Work In Progress

3C 原理

customer take charge

competition intensifies

change

become constant

三、常用词

品质术语

品质术语

品质术语

品质术语

ATL 生产常用英语一、文件

品质术语

品质术语

二、部门名称

品质术语

文件架构三个层次

品质

/环境

管理手册

品质体系/

环境体系程序

品质/环境系统指示书四、其它

品质术语

品质术语

品质术语