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考博高频短语

II. 考试高频短语动词

高频词:break, bring, call, come, get, hold, pull, go, keep, look, make, put, run, set, take,

turn;

次高频:cut, draw, fall, hand, leave, pick, give;

高频词

(1)break-phrases

●break away突然离开,强行逃脱:

break away from the British Empire and become an independent country 摆脱大英帝国而成为一个独立的国家

●break down ★★

1. 损坏:Our car broke down.我们的车抛锚了。

2.(健康等)垮掉,崩溃:His health has broken down

completely.他的健康已经完全垮了。

●break in/into

1.非法闯入,强行进入:

The burglars broke in and stole my money.窃贼破门而入偷走了我的钱。/ break into the room闯进房间

2.打断,插嘴:He broke in with some ideas of his

own.他插话说明自己的观点。

●break off中断,突然停止★:

He broke off to answer the telephone.他停下来去接电话。

●break out 爆发,突然出现★★:

The American Civil War broke out in 1861.美国内战于1861年爆发。

●break through★★

1.突围,冲破:It was a cloudy, but the sun broke

through at last.原来是个阴天,不过最后太阳终于出来了。

2.取得突破性成就:We hope to break through soon

in the fight against cancer.我们希望在与癌症斗争中很快有所突破。

●break up

1.打碎,粉碎:break up that box for firewood 把

那个箱子劈开当柴烧

2.散开,驱散★★;分手:The crowd broke up.人

群散开了。

3.中止,结束★:Meeting have been broken up.会议被迫终止。

(2)bring-phrases

●bring about导致,引起★★:

his efforts to bring about a reconciliation between

the two parties 他调和两党的努力

●bring around/round

1.说服,使信服:bring around a sizable majority of

the committee说服委员会相当多的成员

2.使恢复知觉(健康)(同bring to):It took a long

time to bring him around.花了很长时间才使他恢复知觉。

●bring down ★★

1.使落下,打倒:bring down the enemy plane 击

落敌机

2.降低,减少:bring down the temperature in the

room 降低室内温度

●bring forth产生,提出:bring forth good fruit 产生良好的结果

●bring forward★★★

1.提前:bring the date of the congress forward a

few months.将代表大会的日期提前几个月

2.提出,提议:bring forward a feasible proposal 提出一项切实可行的建议

●bring off使实现,做成:

bring a difficult task off 完成一件困难的工作

●bring on引起,助长,促进:

More study should bring on your English.多花点时间定能使你的英语进步。

●bring out★★

1.出版,推出:bring out his works next month.下

个月出版他的作品

2.使显出; 激起,引起::Difficulties and hardships

have brought out the best qualities of the young geologist.这个年轻的地质学家在艰难困苦中表现出卓越的品质。

Difficult co
nditions will sometimes bring out a man’s best qualities.困难的条件有时能把一个人最优良的品质发挥出来。

Difficult conditions will sometimes bring out a man’s best qualities.困难的条件有时能把一个人最优良的品质发挥出来。

●bring through使(病人)脱险,使安全度过(比come/pull through ):

He was very ill, but the doctor brought him through.他病得很厉害,但经医生治疗他已转危

为安。

●bring to使恢复知觉:

They poured water over her to bring her to.他们向她身上浇水,使她苏醒过来。

●bring up★

1.养育,教养:be brought up in the city 在城市中

长大

2.提出:bring up fresh evidence 提出新的证据

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