A. Eric@163. Com
B. Joan@163. com
C. Beth@yahoo. com
D. Carla@yahoo. com （2）How soon did Eric get the reply from Aunt Carla?
A. In one day.
B. In two days.
C. In a week.
D. In a month.（3）Why did Eric write the email to Carla?
A. To say sorry.
B. To ask for advice.
C. To give advice.
D. To say something unfriendly.（4）Carla gave pieces of advice to Eric.
（1）细节题。根据Subject: Some advice From: Carla@yahoo. com可知有问题可以向Carla 寻求帮助，故选D。
（2）细节题。根据第一个表格Date:15/04/20199:05 AM和第二个表格Date:16/04/20198:30 AM可知2019奶奶4月15日9:05分Eric写的电子邮件，2019年4月16日8:30Carla回信，所以是一天内回复，故选A。
（3）细节题。根据but how do I get her to forgive(谅解)me? What should I do?我应该怎样做，可知Eric寻求帮助建议，故选B。
（4）细节题。根据First of all, you should say sorry right away to Joan. Explain that it was a mistake, and that you didn't mean to hurt her feelings. It may take time for her to be able to forgive you, but that's up to her. Then you might want to do something nice for her. Perhaps send her some flowers to show that you're truly sorry.首先，你应该马上向琼道歉。说明这是个错误，你不是有意伤害她的感情。她也许需要时间才能原谅你，但这取决于她。那你可能想为她做点好事。也许送她一些花来表示你真的很抱歉。可知是三条建议，故选C。
Mark, a young person, tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there's a big difference between "being a writer" and writing. In most cases these people are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter(打字机)."You've got to want to write,"I say to them," not want to be a writer."
The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded(报答). When I left a 20-year job in the US Coast Guard to become a writer, I had no hopes at all.
What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn't even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used typewriter and felt like a real writer.
After a year or so, however, I still hadn't got a break and began to doubt (MWE ) myself. It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write. I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn't going to be one of those people who die wonder in " what if".
I would keep putting my dream to the test-even though it meant living with uncertainty(不确定) and fear of failure. This is the shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.
（1）According to the author's idea, writing is .
（2）When the author left his 20-year job, he .
A. felt sad
B. lost his heart
C. felt unforgettable
D. found himself
（3）When the author went to the New York apartment building, .
A. there was almost nothing there
B. there was everything there
C. the author was pleased with it
D. the author was so happy
（4）What does the underlined word " shadowland " probably mean in Chinese?
D. 虚幻境界（5）What's the main idea of the passage?
A. Tell us to study hard.
B. Let us dream of succeeding.
C. Let us do something that we can't accept.
D. Hold on to your dream even if you meet difficulties.
⑴细节理解。根据第二段The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair可知，作者认为写作是一项孤独的任务，故答案为C。
⑵细节理解。根据When I left a 20-year job in the US Coast Guard to become a writer, I had no hopes at all可知，作者离开做了20年的工作后感到很灰心，故答案为B。
⑶细节理解。将题干中的New York apartment building定位在第三段，根据后一句It didn't even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom可知房子很冷，没有洗澡间，打字机也是作者去了之后买的，故答案为A。
This afternoon, when I was looking for a self-improvement(自我修养) book, I found an aged folder(文件夹).In this folder, there were some of the examination papers I'd taken during my pre-university days. They were on economics(经济学), a subject that I didn't really like much then.
I laughed at the silly mistakes I made as I looked through the papers. And memories of the past came to my mind. I saw myself sitting at one of the study tables, working hard for some of my life goals. Back then, it was popular for most students to set life goals, because they thought it was most important.
It was during those times that I first started to set goals for myself. I didn't know much about goal setting then. I didn't use any goal tracking(跟踪) tools, either. All I knew was that I had to go
to university. There was no other way that I could give myself. To go through my lecture(演讲) notes, I didn't take breaks. For more revision with my classmates, I stayed back late. One time, I missed the school lock-out hours and I had to climb school gates in order to leave. It was perhaps this attitude(态度) that ignited my decision to go through what I had to do to get this far.
Yes, it may have been hard. But the sweet taste of victory experienced at the point of receiving my final results was so wonderful that I would never forget it for the rest of my life.
I closed the folder and dropped it into the dustbin(垃圾箱) in the room. It's time to get kicking with my next goal. And by writing this, I know I'm getting closer.
（1）When the author(作者)looked through the papers in the folder, he .
A. looked for a self-improvement book
B. laughed at the silly mistakes he made
C. dropped it into the dustbin right away
D. sat at the table and set life goals again
（2）When the author first started to get goals for himself, he .
A. didn't need to enter university
B. didn't use any goal tracking tools
C. was sure that he would win the victory
D. learned a lot from a self-improvement book （3）Why did the author stay back late after school?
A. To be prepared to enter university.
B. To learn more about goal setting.
C. To make his teacher pay attention to him.
D. To get the chance of climbing school gates.（4）The underlined word “ignited” means in the passage.
D. raised （5）What can we learn about the author from the last paragraph?
A. He regularly(规律地) tidies his room.
B. He's not quite good at goal setting
C. He is ready for the next goal.
D. He hated those papers in the folder.
（1）考查细节理解。根据第二段中的”I laughed at the silly mistakes I made as I looked through the papers.“可知，故选B。
（2）考查细节理解。根据第三段中的”It was during those times that I first started to set goals for myself. I didn't know much about goal setting then. I didn't use any goal tracking(跟踪) tools, either“可知。故选B。
（3）考查细节理解。根据第三段中的”All I knew was that I had to go to university. There was no other way that I c ould give myself.“可知，作者放学后很晚回家的目的是努力学习，考入大学。故选A。
（4）考查词义猜测。”It was perhaps this attitude(态度) that ignited my decision to go through what I had to do to get this far.“或许是这种态度是我下决心做出现在的成就。所给选项中D 项与该词词义相近。故选D。
（5）考查判断推理。根据最后一段中的”It's time to get kicking with m y next goal. And by writing this, I know I'm getting closer“可知，作者已经为下一个目标做好了准备。故选C。【点评】本题考点涉及细节理解和推理判断两个题型的考查，要求考生在捕捉细节信息的基础上，进一步根据上下文的逻辑关系，进行分析、推理，从而选出正确答案。
The secret of happiness
An old man walked slowly with a cane(手杖)into the restaurant .His old jacket, worn-out shoes and warm personality made him stand out from the usual crowd.
A young waitress watched him move toward a table by the window. She ran over to him, and said: “Here, sir……let me help you with that chair.”
Without saying a word, he smiled and nodded(点头)a thank you. She pulled the chair away from the table and helped him sit. Then she put his came against the table.
“Thank you, miss.”he said, kindly.
“You're welcome, sir.”she said.
After he had finished his breakfast, the waitress brought him the change(零钱)from his bill. He left it on the table. She helped him up and walked with him to the front door.
When she went to clean his table, she found a business card under his plate and note on a napkin(纸巾). Under the napkin was a 100-dollar bill.
The note on the napkin read: “Dear miss, I respect you very much and I can see you respect yourself, too. It shows by the way you treat others. (3)You have found the secret of happiness. Your kindness will shine throug h to all those who meet you.”
The man she had waited on was the owner of the restaurant where she worked. This was the first time that she or any of the other workers had ever seen him in person.
By Steve Brunkhorst
（1）The old man left﹩100 under the napkin because he
A. had a habit of giving tips to waitresses
B. thought the meal was delicious
C. wanted to thank the waitress for her good attitude
D. learned the secret of happiness from the waitress
（2）What do we know about the waitress and the old man?
A. The waitress knew who the old man was from the note.
B. The waitress knew the old man before she served him.
C. The old man wanted to have the waitress as his secretary.
D. It was the first time that the waitress had ever seen her boss.
（3）We can tell from the story that the old man went to the restaurant to .
A. have a good meal
B. enjoy good service
C. see the restaurant for himself
D. show his love for common people
【解析】【分析】本文叙述了一位餐馆的女服务员态度友好的为每一个客人服务从而获得幸福的故事。有一天，一位穿着破旧的老人，拄着拐杖来餐馆吃早餐，这个女服务员，热情的为他服务，老人非常尊重她的服务态度，留给她100美元的小费，并且告诉她已经找到了生活的幸福。（1）C推理判断题。第二段的help you with that chair和第三段的helped him sit可知这个女服务员帮助了他，所以此处老人留下100美元应是感谢这个女服务员的。故选C。（2）D推理判断题。根据最后一段的This was the first time that she or any of the other workers had ever seen him in person.可知这是她或任何其他的工人第一次见过老板本人。故选D。（3）C推理判断题。根据最后一段的This was the first time that she or any of the other workers had ever seen him in person.可知老板以前并没有亲自管理自己的餐馆，所以他这次来餐馆是为了亲自看看。故选C。
I am Turere. I come from Kitengela, a farming community on the edge(边缘) of Nairobi National Park of Kenya(肯尼亚). Since the age of nine. I have helped to look after my family's cows. As a child, in my free time. I enjoyed playing with electronics. I made my own inventions, such as electronic toys from car parts and other things. I also built other electronic devices(仪器) for my neighbors.
At the age of 13, I invented something that changed my life. It also changed the lives of many people in my community. One night, a lion from the park came into my family's farm and killed one of our cows. I was angry. However, killing the lion, I thought, was not the best way to solve the problem. Instead, I decided to invent a solution
The first idea I got was to use fire, because I thought lions were scared of fire. But I came to realize that didn't really help, because it was even helping the lions to see through the cowshed (牛棚). So I didn't give up. I continued.
And a second idea I got was to use a scarecrow(稻草人). I was trying to trick the lions into thinking) that I was standing near the cowshed. But lions are very clever. They will come the first day and they see the scarecrow, and they go back. But the second day, they'll come and they say, this thing is not moving here, it is always here! So he jumps in and kills the animals.
So one night, I was walking around the cowshed with a torch(手电筒), and that day the lions didn't come. And I discovered that lions were afraid of a moving light. So I had an idea.
（1）What was Turere interested in when he was a child?
A. Tricking the neighbors.
B. Looking after cows.
C. Playing with electronics.
D. Making car parts
（2）What does the underlined word "it" in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A. The lion.
B. The scarcer.
C. The cow.
D. The cowshed
（3）What's the solution to driving the lion away?
A. Using a moving light
B. Using a torch
C. Using a scarecrow
（4）What can we get from the passage?
A. The lion killed all the cows.
B. Turere killed the lion at last.
C. The lion no longer lived in the park.
D. Turere's invention made peace with lions.
（1）细节理解题。由 As a child, in my free time. I enjoyed playing with electronics.可知他对玩电子产品感兴趣。故选C。
（2）代词的指代题。由上句 But the second day, they'll come and they say, this thing is not moving here 。可知it是指this thing= a scarecrow ，稻草人不会动，故选B。
（3）细节理解题。由And I discovered that lions were afraid of a moving light. 可知赶走狮子的方法就是使用移动光，故选A。
（4）推理判断题。由 So one night, I was walking around the cowshed with a torch , and that day the lions didn't come.可知用移动光的方法能赶走狮子杀害村子里动物，又不用杀死狮子。图雷尔的发明与狮子和平共处，故选D。
Every year, more than 26,000 children arrive in Britain. We ask some new arrivals what they like best about their new lives and what's different from home.
（2）In Zinah's eyes, her maths teacher in India might be ________.
（3）The passage is probably taken from ________.
A. a travel magazine
B. an education website
C. a geography textbook
D. a business newspaper
（1）细节理解题。根据文中第一个方框中的语句 I like teachers here. 可知，Jarek喜欢这里的学校生活，故选C。
（2）细节理解题。根据文中的语句I love the maths class because the teacher is really funny, just like my maths teacher in India. 理解可知，Zinah认为他的数学老师比较滑稽，幽默，故选D。
Once there was an emperor. He had a beautiful garden. In the garden, there was a little nightingale(夜莺) singing very beautifully.
One day, the emperor heard about this little bird's beautiful voice. He asked his guards to bring her to him. When the emperor heard the nightingale's voice, he said, "Put her in a golden cage, so she can stay and sing for me whenever I want to hear her."
The little bird was so unhappy about being kept in the cage that she stopped singing one day. The emperor was very angry. He ordered the scientists in his palace to make a robot bird for him. The bird could sing very beautifully too. The emperor was pleased.
Soon the robot bird became old. It no longer sang beautiful songs. Just at that time, the emperor was ill and he became very weak. One morning, while lying in bed, the emperor wanted it to sing once again. But the robot bird could not sing any more. Suddenly, the nightingale landed on the window. She began to sing her most beautiful song. The emperor was very happy! He became better and better each day.
After the emperor was well, he changed a lot and became kind to his people. From then on, all his people cherished(爱戴) him for his love and kindness.
（1）Why did the little bird stop singing?
A. Because she was ill.
B. Because she was not free.
C. Because she was hungry.
D. Because she was too excited.
（2）What made the emperor become better and better?
A. The robot's beautiful voice.
B. His men's voice.
C. The little bird's nice dance.
D. The little bird's beautiful song.
（3）According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. A little nightingale lived in the emperor's beautiful garden.
B. The nightingale went on singing songs for the emperor after she was kept in a cage.
C. One day, the robot bird was broken and it couldn't sing.
D. The emperor gave up listening to songs after he got sick.
（4）What can we learn from the passage?
A. If we keep a bird, we can enjoy the beautiful songs.
B. Don't make a robot because it can get broken easily.
C. A bird can help people get away from illness.
D. If we are kind to someone, he or she will be also kind to us.
（1）细节题。根据The little bird was so unhappy about being kept in the cage that she stopped singing one day.可知小鸟被关在笼子里不高兴，所以停止唱歌，故选B。
（2）细节题。根据Suddenly, the nightingale landed on the window. She began to sing her most beautiful song. The emperor was very happy! He became better and better each day.可知小鸟动听的歌曲让国王好起来，故选D。
（3）细节题。根据In the garden, there was a little nightingale(夜莺) singing very beautifully.可知小夜莺住在花园里，故选A。
My family has had a great influence on me. When I was a kid, I learnt how to work from my family. My mum would never let me get away when there was something to be done. I learnt the importance of education. My parents would give me 50 dollars if I got As in school. They taught me how to use and save money. My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own. My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect, and how to put other people's needs above my own. My brothers and sisters taught me how to make a decision in conflict(矛盾). I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year. I learn things from my parents' marriage by examples. For example, I've never seen my parents really fight. They had disagreements, but they were always in control and never let anger get the best of them. I think that's great, and I'm going to work towards that in my marriage.
I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.
（1）Who taught the writer to do some housework?
A. The mother.
B. The father.
C. The sisters.
D. The brothers.（2）When will the writer have a new family?
A. At the age of 22.
B. At the age of 24.
C. At the age of 23.
D. At the age of 21.（3）Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The writer's family influence the writer a lot.
B. The writer learns to save money.
C. The writer is a girl in the family.
D. The writer's parents never fight with each other.
（4）How will the writer's new family be according to the passage?
A. It will be a large family.
B. It will be a great family.
C. The family members will be different.
D. The family members will never get angry.
（1）推理题。根据My mum taught me how to cook, how to clean, and basically everything I needed to know to live on my own.我妈妈教我如何做饭，如何打扫卫生，以及基本上我需要知道的独立生活所需的一切可知，作者的妈妈教他做家务，故选A。（2）推理题。根据I'm 22now, and I'll get married next year可知，作者23岁时会有一
（3）推理题。根据My dad taught me how to garden, how to do home improvement, how to treat women and girls with respect,我爸爸教我如何园艺，如何改善家庭，如何尊重妇女和女孩可知作者是男孩，作者是家里的一个女孩是错的，故选C。
（4）细节题。根据I have a great family. I'm grateful that my parents chose to make it a great family.我有一个大家庭。我很感激我的父母选择让它成为一个伟大的家庭可知，作者的新家庭会是一个伟大的家庭故选B。
Abdul Sadiq, an Afghanistan's only professional cyclist, began by training his daughter. And when she competed successfully abroad, he set up the team. It is the world's most unlikely sporting team, because the sport breaks taboos in a country where in many traditional communities, women are not allowed out of the house.
The head coach faces frequent threats and the girls' families do not always approve "If it's not their fathers trying to stop them, it's a brother or uncle."
Two members of the team, Massouma, 18, and Zarab, 17, are sisters. Their father and their brothers approve, but they know that their uncles complain to their father. "They will never come in front of us to say ‘Why are you cycling?', but they say bad words to our father," she said. His team have, however, competed and won regionally against Bangladesh and Pakistan.
"We want to go cycling because we want to be heroes one day," said 16-year-old Jella, one of the latest riders. In one of the mildest and driest winters for many years, training has gone on without stopping. And next spring, the girls will go up into the mountains. "We say that women should not sit at home, they need to come out and do sports," said Abdul Sadiq, And 18- year-old Zainab said she wished that she could just go cycling alone on the street one day. "It's my ambition, and I hope that one day girls will be allowed to go cycling on the streets, not having a coach, or anyone with them, and they will not have problems," she said.
（1）What does Abdul Sadiq do?
A. A teacher.
B. A cyclist.
C. A reporter.
D. A driver.（2）What does the underlined word "taboos" mean in Chinese?
D. 风俗（3）From the third paragraph, we can know
A. Massouma and Zarab's parents approve of their joining the team
B. Massouma and Zarab's uncles are against their cycling
C. Massouma and Zarab don't want to join the team
D. Massouma and Zarab are both very old
（4）What was Zainab's dream?
A. Her mother approving her cycling.
B. Going cycling alone on the street.
C. Joining the team.
D. Winning against Bangladesh and Pakistan.
（5）Where may you see the passage?
A. In a storybook.
B. In a fashion magazine.
C. In a travel guide book.
D. In a sports newspaper.
（1）细节题。根据Abdul Sadiq, an Afghanistan's only professional cyclist可知阿卜杜勒·萨迪克是阿富汗唯一的职业自行车手，故选B。
（2）细节题。根据where in many traditional communities, women are not allowed out of the house.可知许多传统社区禁止妇女出门，所以是打破了禁忌，故选A。
（3）细节题。根据Two members of the team, Massouma, 18, and Zarab, 17, are sisters. Their father and their brothers approve, but they know that their uncles complain to their father.可知Massouma和Zarab的叔叔反对他们骑自行车，故选B。
（4）细节题。根据And 18- year-old Zainab said she wished that she could just go cycling alone on the street one day.可知Zainab希望一天独自在街上骑自行车，故选B。
Australia at last! The flight was tiring, but here I am at last, in Sydney! Look! Here we are at last! The Sydney Opera House! It looks like shells!
It's wonderful and amazing! And I'm taking the plane to New Zealand on Tuesday. I'll post again from there.
Coffee and Paris! Paris is beautiful! We went on a great city tour. We also took a boat ride on the River Seine. And it's nicer to just sit at a street care and watch the world go by. But, to tell you a secret. Frank's disappointed because no one can understand his French!