当前位置:文档之家› 最新中考英语英语阅读理解试题(附答案)

最新中考英语英语阅读理解试题(附答案)

最新中考英语英语阅读理解试题(附答案)

一、英语阅读理解专项练习试卷

1.阅读理解

Happiness is for everyone. You don't need to care about those people who have beautiful houses with large gardens and swimming pools or those who have nice cars and a lot of money and so on. Those who have big houses may often feel lonely and those who have cars may want to walk on the country roads at their free time.

In fact happiness is always around you if you put your heart into it. When you are in trouble at school, your friends will help you. When you study hard at your lessons, your parents are always taking good care of your life and your health. When you get success, your friends will say congratulations to you. When you do something wrong, people around you will help you to correct it. And when you do something good to others, you will feel happy too. All these are your happiness. If you notice them you can see that happiness is always around you.

Happiness is not the same as money. It is a feeling of your heart. When you are poor, you can also say you are very happy because you have something else that can't be bought with money. When you meet with difficulties, you can say loudly you are very happy because you have more chances to challenge yourselves. So you cannot always say you are poor and you have bad luck. If you take every chance you get, you will be a happy and lucky person.

(1)Happiness is for .

A. all people

B. those who have a lot money

C. those who have large and beautiful houses

D. those who have cars

(2)When you do something wrong, .

A. you have no chance to challenge you

B. people around you will help you

C. your classmates will laugh at you

D. you will be happy

(3)"Happiness is not the same as money" means .

A. money doesn't always bring happiness

B. money always brings happiness

C. everything can always bring happiness

D. only rich people have happiness

(4)Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Life and Success

B. Happiness and Luck

C. Do Something Good to Others

D. Happiness

【答案】(1)A

(2)B

(3)A

(4)D

【解析】【分析】文章大意:文章主要论述了快乐无处不在,只要你抓住你的每一次机会,你就会快乐。

(1)细节理解题,根据Happiness is for everyone.可知,快乐是每一个人的,也就是所有人的,故答案是A。

(2)细节理解题,根据When you do something wrong, people around you will help you

to correct it.可知,当你做错了事,你身边的人不帮助你改正。故答案是B。

(3)句意猜测题,一般而言,金钱可以买到一切物质性的东西,但是快乐是内心的一种感受,是不能够用金钱买到的,因此说金钱并不能够总是买到一切。故答案是A。

(4)标题判断题,从文章的第一句Happiness is for everyone.到文章的最后一句you will be a happy and lucky person.都是围绕着快乐展开论述的,故答案是D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,本题主要涉及到了细节理解题、句意猜测题和标题判断题,细节理解题一般可以直接从文中找到答案,句意猜测则需要根据其字面意思或者该句的前后句进行合理的想象和推理,而标题判断题则需要在从分理解文章的基础上,提炼中心,凝练句式。

2.阅读理解

I will never forget the lesson about my window. Four years ago, I moved to a house in a large town. One of my new neighbors' house was only a few feet away from mine. There lived a woman. Through one of my windows, I could see her reading by her window every afternoon

Several months later, I found I couldn't see the woman clearly. I thought her window was too dirty. I said to myself, 'Why doesn't she clean her window? It looks terrible!

One afternoon, I decided to clean my house including(包括) the window. I felt tired after three hours of hard work. So I sat down by the window for a rest. What a surprise! I could see the woman reading there clearly again! By that time, I realized that my own window was too dirty, not hers! I really felt ashamed for myself. I had been watching her through my dirty window in the past days!

The experience is very important for me. So I try to clean the window of my heart before judging(评判) others,

(1)How long has the writer lived in the house?

A. Two years.

B. Three years.

C. Four years.

D. Five years.(2)The writer couldn't see the woman clearly because_______.

A. the writer's window was dirty

B. the woman's house was too far

C. the woman didn't open her window

D. the woman's window was dirty

(3)It took the writer_______ to clean the house that afternoon

A. two hours

B. three quarters

C. the whole afternoon

D. three hours (4)The underlined word 'ashamed' means_______.

A. 高兴的

B. 放松的

C. 羞愧的

D. 激动的(5)According to the passage, the writer has learnt how to_______.

A. clean the house

B. judge others

C. help neighbors

D. watch others

【答案】(1)C

(2)A

(3)D

(4)C

(5)B

【解析】【分析】短文大意:本文主要讲述了作者搬家后的亲身经历,他没有清理自己的窗户,却认为别人的窗户不干净,所以对自己的行为感到很羞愧。作者通过这件事也学会了如何评判别人。

(1)细节题,根据首段Four years ago, I moved to a house in a large town.可知作者搬进房子已经四年了,故选C。

(2)细节题,根据第三段I could see the woman reading there clearly again! By that time, I realized that my own window was too dirty, not hers!可知,作者看不清这个女人的原因是因为他自己的窗户太脏了,所以A项正确,故选A。

(3)细节题,根据第三段One afternoon, I decided to clean my house including(包括) the window. I felt tired after three hours of hard work.可知,作者下午打扫房子花费了三个小时,故选D。

(4)词义题,根据第三段By that time, I realized that my own window was too dirty, not hers! I really felt ashamed for myself.可知通过这件事,作者对自己的行为感到很羞愧,所以ashamed意为“羞愧的”最符合语境,故选C。

(5)推理题,根据末段So I try to clean the window of my heart before judging(评判) others.可知,作者通过此事学会了如何评判别人,故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先浏览题干,画出题干设问中的关键词。其次带着题干问题和关键词有目的的去通读全文,并在文中寻找相关信息,最终确定答案。

3.阅读理解

One day, while I was waiting for my father, I saw a little boy, around two years old, running freely on the grass as his mother watched from a short distance. The boy had a big smile on his face as if he had just been set free from some sort of prison(监狱) . The boy would then fall to the grass, get up, without looking back at his mother, run as fast as he could, again, still with a smile on his face, as if nothing had happened.

At that moment, I thought to myself, "Why aren't most adults this way?" Most adults, when they fall down, make a big deal out of it and don't even make a second attempt. They would be so embarrassed that they would not try again if someone saw them fall. Or, because they fall, they would find a good excuse for themselves that they're not fit for it. They would end up being too afraid to attempt again for fear of failure(失败) .

However, with kids, when they fall down, they don't consider their falling down as a failure, instead, they treat it as a learning experience. They try again and again until they succeed. The answer must be that they have not connected "falling down" with the word "failure". What's more, they probably think to themselves that it's quite okay to fall down and that it's not wrong to do so. In other words, they allow themselves to make mistakes, so they remain energetic.

I was deeply impressed by the boy's persistence(坚持不懈) and the manner in which he did.

(1)What did the little boy do when he fell down?

A. He cried and lay on the grass.

B. He asked his mother for help.

C. He got up and went on running.

D. He got up and stood there crying.

(2)In the writer's opinion, what might the little boy regard his falling down as?

A. A failure.

B. A joke.

C. An interesting game.

D. A learning experience.(3)In the writer's opinion, why can't many adults succeed?

A. Because they are afraid of being embarrassed.

B. Because they can't find a good excuse.

C. Because once they fail, they won't attempt again.

D. Because they don't allow themselves to make mistakes.

(4)The underlined word " attempt" in Paragraph 2 means .

A. 尝试

B. 放弃

C. 面对

D. 怀疑(5)What does the writer want to tell us?

A. Practice makes perfect.

B. Failure is the mother of success.

C. All roads lead to Rome.

D. Each coin has two sides.

【答案】(1)C

(2)D

(3)C

(4)A

(5)B

【解析】【分析】大意:本文讲述的是作者的一次观察男孩跌倒后自由奔跑所得到的启示。在我们成长过程中,我们不能从容面对失败和困难,而变得虚伪和恐惧,我们需要真实的自我和面对失败的勇气。

(1)细节理解题。根据句中第一段第三句:“The boy would then fall to the grass, get up, without looking back at his mother, run as fast as he could, again.可知,小男孩时不时地跌倒,爬起来。故选C。

(2)细节理解题。根据However, with kids, when they fall down, they don't consider their falling down as a failure, instead, they treat it as a learning experience.可知对于孩子们来说,当他们跌倒时,他们不认为跌倒是个失败,相反,他们把它当作一次学习经历。故选D。(3)细节理解题。根据Most adults, when they fall down, make a big deal out of it and don't even make a second attempt. 大部分的成年人,当他们失败的时候只会小题大做,甚至不愿意再做第二次尝试。故选C。

(4)词义猜测题。根据They would be so embarrassed that they would not try again.大部分的成年人,当他们失败的时候只会觉得尴尬,不愿意再做第二次尝试。故选A。

(5)主旨大意题。从全文中可以看出作者对于失败是很乐观的,失败了可以当做一次学习的机会,以后再尝试。再就是端正态度,失败是不可避免的,要想得通。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先快速浏览、分析问题,抓住关键词;其次带着问题通读全文,了解文章大意,找到依据,确定答案;最后再检查一遍,确保答案正确。

4.阅读理解

One Saturday, we were preparing to go away for the weekend when my daughter heard cries for help. When I went out, I discovered our elderly neighbor had fallen on her front steps. She was clearly in pain, so I helped her inside her house and settled here on the bed.

I noticed her room was very narrow and dark. It was obvious she hadn't cleaned it for a long time. She insisted she didn't need an ambulance(救护车)and that someone would be around soon, so I left her with a bottle of water at her side.

As I left I felt sad when I realized that we hadn't communicated with her, except a few smiles, for the past 18 months. She didn't know my name and I didn't know hers, and I hadn't even noticed that she hadn't been outside for weeks because of bad pain in her back.

That weekend I visited my grandmother for her 80th birthday and noticed how clean and spacious her flat seemed in comparison to my neighbour's. My neighbour, as far as I knew, had no family regularly dropping by.

When I returned home I went to visit her. Very grateful to see me, she explained she was okay. Yet, unable to bend down due to her back, her kitchen was filling with garbage that she was unable to take out by herself.

We've become good friends and chat every second day. She keeps thanking me for my kindness, but I enjoy helping her. Now, every time I return from putting out her garbage, collecting her mail or just chatting, I feel a deep sense of satisfaction and peace.

(1)What happened when they were preparing to go away?

A. The daughter was crying for help.

B. The daughter was still sleeping in bed.

C. Nobody came to look after the old woman.

D. Their elderly neighbor fell down.

(2)Why did the author feel sad when she left the old woman's house?

A. The house she lived in was very small and dark.

B. They didn't care much for each other as neighbors.

C. The author didn't know the old woman's name.

D. The author hadn't noticed that her neighbor had back pain.

(3)What does the underlined word in the fourth paragraph probably mean?

A. Tidy

B. Small

C. Large

D. Narrow

(4)What can we learn about the old woman?

A. She had been ill for many years.

B. She always helped others when she was young.

C. She had no daughters and sons.

D. She was grateful for the author's kindness.

(5)The author got a deep sense of satisfaction and peace from ___________.

A. attending her grandmother's birthday party

B. helping her neighbor

C. having a big family

D. knowing her elderly neighbor's name

【答案】(1)D

(2)B

(3)C

(4)D

(5)B

【解析】【分析】本文讲述了一个偶然的机会作者看见邻居摔倒在门前,他把邻居扶进屋后发现,邻居家很脏乱,原来她是一个孤寡老人,后背因为疾病不能弯曲。作者很触动,对比了自己的祖母,他觉得邻居很无助。于是他开始经常和她聊天,帮她做一些理所们能及的家务事。

(1)细节理解题。根据第一段第二句“When I went out, I discovered our elderly neighbor had fallen on her fron t steps. ”可知当作者一家要离开时,一位老邻居摔倒了。故选D。

(2)细节理解题。根据第三段“ As I left I felt sad when I realized that we hadn't communicated with her, except a few smiles, for the past 18 months. She didn't know my name and I didn't know hers, and I hadn't even noticed that she hadn't been outside for weeks because of bad pain in her back.”可知作者虽然与老人是邻居,却几乎和她没有交流,也不知道彼此的名字,甚至她的后背有疾病都不知道。故作者感到很难过觉得没有关心到邻居。故选B。

(3)词义推理题。根据前文作者形容老邻居的房子是拥挤昏暗的。后文提到祖母的家是与老邻居的家形成鲜明的对比的,故是明亮的宽敞的,故spacious的意思是大的,宽敞的。故选C。

(4)归纳总结题。根据阅读文章可知,前三个选项文中都没有提到。根据最后一段第二句“ She keeps thanking me for my kindness, but I enjoy helping her.”可知老邻居对作者给予她的帮助非常感谢。故选D。

(5)主旨大意题。根据最后一段最后一句“Now, every time I return from putting out her garbage, collecting her mail or just chatting, I feel a deep sense of satisfaction and peace.”可知作者通过对老邻居的关心和帮她做一些力所能及的事,甚至是聊天让作者觉得很满足很安心。故选B。

【点评】考查阅读理解。本文涉及细节题、推断题和主旨题三种常考题型,细节题要注意从文中寻找答案;推断题需要联系上下文,推断出需要的信息;主旨题需要通读全文,了解大意之后找出中心思想。

5.阅读下列短文,从下面每题的A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。

It happened many years ago, but I still remember it clearly. That day I was invited to work as a contest judge (评委) at a college. All of the students had been given a piece of paper with a topic on it. The first one to speak looked a little unhappy. “My fellow students and respected judges,” he said loudly, “this is an unfair (不公平的) contest!” “I have been given this paper,” he continued, “to speak on a topic with just a few minutes’ preparation while those coming after me have more time to work on their speeches!” He then left the stage and went out of the hall.

I met him late r by chance. “Who says life is fair?” I asked him with a smile, and I asked him to walk with me to my car. “Have you seen the numbers they show when a new car is being introduced into the market, saying how economic (经济的) it is?” “Yes,” he nodded “But they put a line after all these numbers. They say all the numbers are in ideal (理想的) road conditions!”

“Yes,” he said again. “Can you show me some ideal road conditions?” I asked him,and he smiled. “The car that sells well is the one that will provide power an d speed on the worst roads. That car is the winner!”

We had reached my car. “Don’t look for ideal contest conditions,” I said. “Fight the unfair and come out a winner!”

I looked back as I drove away and saw him smile and wave to me.

(1)Why did the student say the contest was unfair?

A. Because there was only a judge for it.

B. Because other contestants had more time to prepare for it.

C. Because other contestants’ topics were easier.

D. Because he didn’t like the topic.

(2)What kind of car is the winner?

A. The car that has power and speed on the worst roads.

B. The car that is expensive.

C. The car that is cheap.

D. The car that has ideal road conditions.

(3)What do you think of the writer?

A. Strict.

B. Clever.

C. Helpful.

D. Popular.

(4)What would the student do next?

A. Ask the writer more questions.

B. Continue to complain about the unfair things.

C. Take part in another contest.

D. Fight the unfair from now on.

【答案】(1)B

(2)A

(3)C

(4)D

【解析】【分析】短文大意:作者担任评委时遇到了一位选手,他因为质疑比赛条件的公平性而退出比赛,在第二次遇到时,作者给他讲了关于车在恶劣环境中赢得冠军的事实,借此告诉他只有直面不公平,赢得胜利,才是真正的冠军。

(1)细节理解题。从“this is an unfair (不公平的) contest!” “I have been given this paper,” he continued, “to speak on a topic with just a few minutes’ preparation while those coming after me have more time to work on their speeches!”可知他说不公平是因为后面的人比他有更多的时间去准备演讲,故选B。

(2)细节理解题。从“The car that sells well is the one that will provide power and s peed on the worst roads. That car is the winner!”可知选A。

(3)细节推断题。作者在偶然遇到生气离开的参赛者后,为了告诉他生活中没有绝对的公

平,要学着与不公平作斗争并成为胜者的道理,于是带着他讨论车的问题,从中可以看出作者是个热心的人,故选C。

(4)细节理解题。从“Fight the unfair and come out a winner!”I looked back as I drove away and saw him smile and wave to me.可知这个男孩听进去了作者的话,以后会与不公平作斗争,故选D。

【点评】考查对篇章的把握和对细节的识别能力,答题时注意紧扣问题中的关键词,在文章中寻找答案。

6.阅读理解

最新中考英语英语阅读理解试题(附答案)

A. Listening.

B. Speaking.

C. Reading.

D. Writing.

(2)The rabbits in the book Rabbits in Australia .

A. are very cute

B. are in small numbers

C. cause a problem

D. find it hard to live in Australia

(3)What type of book is Moby Dick?

A. Science.

B. Novel.

C. Detective story.

D. Travel.(4)What do we know about the book The Stolen Letter?

A. It's set in Australia.

B. It's about the writer's life.

C. Its story happens on a ship.

D. There's a sense of mystery in it.

【答案】(1)C

(2)C

(3)B

(4)D

【解析】【分析】主要讲了Amy、Daniel和Simon谈论了自己的读书。

(1)细节题。根据第一个表格Hi, guys! Last week I read a book called Rabbits in Australia.第二个表格These days I'm reading Moby Dick.第三个表格Well, I love detective stories.可知他们

在谈论读书,故选C。

(2)细节题。根据In Australia, rabbits have crowded into the land. They eat the plants that farmers grow. They eat the plants other animals need to eat, so other animals find it hard to live.在澳大利亚,兔子已经挤进了陆地。他们吃农民种的植物。它们吃其他动物需要吃的植物,所以其他动物觉得很难生存,所以兔子导致了一个问题,故选C。

(3)细节题。根据These days I'm reading Moby Dick. It's considered to be the "Great American Novel", or one of the greatest novels of all time.可知它是一部小说,即novel,故选B。

(4)细节题。根据Last month I read The Stolen Letter. He also introduces a sense of mystery in the story.可知这本书透露了神秘感,故选D。

【点评】考查阅读理解,主要考查细节题,注意从文中仔细寻找答案。

7.阅读理解

If you want to check where the nearest coffee shop to your home is, if you want to know how to get to a place in your city, or if you want to see where in the world your foreign pen friend lives, there's now a new free online map you can use.

Last month, China started its official online mapping service, Map World. "Through this free online service users can fly over mountains and valleys around the world and search for restaurants and traffic information across the country for free," said Xu Deming, director of the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping (SBSM). The bureau, which does China's surveying and mapping work, is in charge of the Map World project.

Users can get into Map World through www.tianditu.cn or www.chinaonmap.cn and search for 2- and 3-D images from across the world. The home page shows a view of the Great Wall.

"It took about two years to prepare the service with all the satellite(卫星) images taken from 2006 to 2010," said Jiang Jie, director of the database department(数据库部门) under SBSM.

The technology(技术) and website are still at an early stage. The images from inside China are detailed. Users can see close pictures of roadsides. But the views of places outside China are less clear.

Service providers have more than 80 machines, with the ability to deal with 10 million requests (请求) daily, while Google Earth, Google's mapping service, has thousands of machines, Jiang said. "Our map service can update(更新) data about twice a year, but Google Earth can update its information every couple of minutes, through satellites," Jiang said.

The bureau said it will continue developing Map World. At the same time, you can have a try for yourself. Some users have given their opinions about the service after trying it. One student in Beijing said that Map World even shows the small bookstore near her school.

(1)What is the main purpose of the first paragraph?

A. To show how valuable the service is.

B. To introduce the new online photo-map of China.

C. To show the importance of the new online photo-map.

D. To tell how popular the new online photo-map is in China.

相关文档
  • 中考英语阅读理解专项

  • 中考英语阅读理解试题

  • 中考英语阅读理解专题

  • 中考英语阅读理解真题

  • 中考英语阅读理解题材

  • 中考英语阅读理解难题

相关文档推荐: